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Young adult couples ’ behavioral and physiological responses to the infant simulator: A preliminary illustration of coparenting
Publication date: Available online 1 May 2018 Source:Infant Behavior and Development Author(s): Hannah F. Rasmussen, Geoffrey W. Corner, Gayla Margolin This exploratory application of the infant simulator with two couples is designed to illustrate individual reactivity and coparenting behaviors in young couples in serious relationships who do not yet have children. A 35-min protocol with standardized onsets and offsets of inconsolable baby cries was used to capture partner’s individual behavioral and physiological responses as well as the couple’s joint efforts to soothe the crying baby. Task feasibility was d...
Source: Infant Behavior and Development - May 2, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

We cooperated so … now what? Infants expect cooperative partners to share resources
Publication date: August 2018 Source:Infant Behavior and Development, Volume 52 Author(s): Ying Wang, Annette M.E. Henderson Research has demonstrated that an understanding of and engagement in cooperative activities emerges early in life. However, little is known about the expectations infants hold about the consequences of cooperative action. We demonstrate that 14-month-old infants expect that cooperative partners will share the recently attained cooperative goal instead of keeping it for themselves. Interestingly, this prediction does not hold if infants saw the two individuals work towards individual goals. These fin...
Source: Infant Behavior and Development - May 2, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia predictor scale validation in preterm newborns in two neonatal units at 2600  m above sea level
Conclusions The scale using the classical definition has high sensitivity, but it is not specific; adjusting the definition for altitude decreases sensitivity but increases specificity. New cutoffs points are needed on the scale or a change in the weight for the variables included in the model in order to be used in our high-altitude population. (Source: Infant Behavior and Development)
Source: Infant Behavior and Development - May 1, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Differential effects of others ’ emotional cues on 18-month-olds’ preferential reproduction of observed actions
This study explored infants’ understanding of the referential specificity of others’ emotional cues when being confronted with two actions that are accompanied by different emotional displays. Selective action reproduction was measured after 18-month-olds (N = 42) had observed two actions directed at the same object, one of which was modeled with a positive emotional expression and the other with a negative emotional expression. Across four trials with different objects, infants’ first actions matched the positively-emoted actions more often than the negatively-emoted actions. In comparison with basel...
Source: Infant Behavior and Development - April 30, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Motor affordance at home for infants living in poverty: A feasibility study
Conclusion Amplifying motor affordance at home may be considered appropriate for future clinical trials. It may be an efficient/low-cost early intervention strategy for infants at environmental risk. (Source: Infant Behavior and Development)
Source: Infant Behavior and Development - April 12, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Evaluation of upper limb movements in children with Down ’s syndrome: A systematic review
Conclusion A kinematic evaluation is effective for the discussion of the results, but methodological differences among the studies and inconsistent results exert a negative influence on clinical interpretations and the possibility of reproducibility. The standardization of an upper limb movement evaluation protocol using kinematic analysis is important, as it would provide the basis for comparable, reproducible results and facilitate the planning of treatment interventions. (Source: Infant Behavior and Development)
Source: Infant Behavior and Development - April 10, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

When soothing succeeds: Simulating a risk for repeated shaking in abusive head trauma in infants
Conclusions That caregivers were more likely to repeat a successful soothing technique converges with perpetrator confessions that crying cessation after shaking may be a reason why shaking is used repeatedly in response to crying. (Source: Infant Behavior and Development)
Source: Infant Behavior and Development - March 29, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Longitudinal relations among maternal depressive symptoms, maternal mind-mindedness, and infant attachment behavior
Publication date: May 2018 Source:Infant Behavior and Development, Volume 51 Author(s): Ann E. Bigelow, Beatrice Beebe, Michelle Power, Anna-Lee Stafford, Julie Ewing, Anna Egleson, Tammy Kaminer The relations among maternal depression risk, maternal mind-mindedness, and infants’ attachment behavior were longitudinally examined in a community sample of mother-infant dyads. Maternal self-reported depression risk was measured at the infant ages of 6 weeks, 4 months, and 12 months. Maternal mind-mindedness, assessed from mothers’ comments about infants’ mental states (e.g., infants’ thoughts, desires,...
Source: Infant Behavior and Development - March 20, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Postnatal anxiety prevalence, predictors and effects on development: A narrative review
Publication date: May 2018 Source:Infant Behavior and Development, Volume 51 Author(s): Tiffany Field The increasing prevalence of postnatal anxiety highlights the need for summarizing the recent research on this condition to inform screening and intervention efforts. This narrative review of the literature was derived from a search on PubMed and PsycINFO for papers published since 2010. The demographic risk factors for postnatal anxiety include being a young mother, having more education and being employed. Childbirth risk factors include being primiparous in one sample and multiparous in another, caesarean delivery, fea...
Source: Infant Behavior and Development - March 14, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Is the effect of postpartum depression on mother-infant bonding universal?
Conclusion The prevalence of PPD was higher than previously reported at day 2–3 post-delivery, but lower at 10–12 weeks postpartum. Impaired mother- infant bonding was associated older mothers, history of depression, low social support and BDI-II scores above 20 which should alert practitioner to assessing these factors in post-partum mothers. (Source: Infant Behavior and Development)
Source: Infant Behavior and Development - March 11, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

How are social-emotional and behavioral competences and problems at age 1 year associated with infant motor development? A general population study
In this study, we investigated associations between early competencies and problems, as measured by the Brief Infant-Toddler Social and Emotional Assessment (BITSEA), and the timing of achievement of the main gross and fine motor milestones usually attained during the first year of life in a general population context. The study sample consisted of 515 infants (mean age 12.9 [SD 0.9] months) and their parents (514 mothers, 434 fathers), who were recruited in child health centers in Northern Finland. The infants were divided into two groups, based on their BITSEA screen status, and motor milestone achievement ages were comp...
Source: Infant Behavior and Development - March 1, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Developmental changes in infants ’ and mothers’ pathways to achieving joint attention episodes
Publication date: February 2018 Source:Infant Behavior and Development, Volume 50 Author(s): Margaret Loy, Elise Frank Masur, Janet Olson when infants were 13 and 17 months old. Analyses revealed developmental changes in initiative frequencies and in the origins of JA episodes. At 13 months, although infants’ less sophisticated object-only initiatives (IObj) were most frequent, JA episodes most often originated in maternal combined initiatives (IJA), which focused on both object and partner. By 17 months, however, infants’ combined initiatives were most frequent and led to more JA episodes than any other initi...
Source: Infant Behavior and Development - February 21, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Holistic processing in mother ’s face perception for infants
In this study, we created composite faces using mothers’ faces to examine holistic face processing in infants aged 5–8 months. The composite-face effect occurred only in infants aged 7–8 months, suggesting that infants older than 7 months are able to process familiar faces holistically. (Source: Infant Behavior and Development)
Source: Infant Behavior and Development - February 16, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Development of the Drooling Infants and Preschoolers Scale (DRIPS) and reference charts for monitoring saliva control in children aged 0 –4 years
Conclusions With the DRIPS it is possible to validly compare and visualize the development of saliva control in an individual infant or preschooler and allow clinicians to timely initiate individually targeted interventions if children outperform. (Source: Infant Behavior and Development)
Source: Infant Behavior and Development - February 13, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Cognitive development in children of adolescent mothers: The impact of socioeconomic risk and maternal sensitivity
Discussion The present findings demonstrate that maternal interactive behaviors are not only a simple predictor of cognitive development but may also act as a mediator of the association between more distal variables such as socioeconomic risk and cognitive development in adolescent mothers. This supports the need to promote prevention and intervention programs for adolescent mothers during the early postpartum period to reduce socioeconomic problems and enhance maternal interactive behaviors. (Source: Infant Behavior and Development)
Source: Infant Behavior and Development - February 13, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Development and validation of PediaTrac ™: A web-based tool to track developing infants
Conclusion PediaTrac has potential for producing novel and effective estimates of infant development via the Sensorimotor, Feeding/Eating, Social-Emotional/Communication and Attachment domains. (Source: Infant Behavior and Development)
Source: Infant Behavior and Development - February 8, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Mothers, fathers, sons, and daughters: Are there sex differences in the organization of secure base behavior during early childhood
This study was designed to explore possibilities of identifying sex differences in the organization of attachment-relevant behavior during early childhood. Observations of 119 children (59 boys) with their mothers and (separately) with their fathers were completed and children were described using the AQS. Results indicated that girls and boys did not differ with respect to global attachment security but at more specific level analyses revealed differences between parents that reflected differences in the behaviors of girls vs. boys with mothers and fathers. Our findings contradict arguments from evolutionary psychologists...
Source: Infant Behavior and Development - February 7, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Identifying the level of trunk control of healthy term infants aged from 6 to 9 months
This study identified the level of trunk control of healthy term infants aged from six to nine months. This cross-sectional study included fifty-five infants aged from six to nine months. The levels of trunk control was investigated by using the Segmental Assessment Trunk Control (SATCo). The infants remained seated on a wooden bench and a neutral pelvic position was maintained. The SATCo score was considered as dependent variable. The results showed that infants aged six and seven months presented levels of trunk control in the thoracic region while infants aged from eight to nine months presented full trunk control. Thes...
Source: Infant Behavior and Development - February 5, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Changes in infant visual attention when observing repeated actions
This study has theoretical implications for face preference and action observations in dynamic contexts. (Source: Infant Behavior and Development)
Source: Infant Behavior and Development - February 3, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Visual attention control differences in 12-month-old preterm infants
Publication date: February 2018 Source:Infant Behavior and Development, Volume 50 Author(s): Michelle Downes, David Kelly, Kayleigh Day, Neil Marlow, Michelle de Haan There have been few previous attempts to assess the development of early markers of executive function in infants born preterm despite well-established deficits reported for older preterm children that have been closely linked to poorer academic functioning. The present study investigates early attention control development in healthy 12-month-old age-corrected pre-term infants who were born less than 30 weeks and compares their performance to full-term infa...
Source: Infant Behavior and Development - February 3, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Concurrent validity between instruments of assessment of motor development in infants exposed to HIV
Conclusions Alberta scale has correlation with Bayley scale in assessing of children exposed to HIV, and can be a substitute to Bayley in assessing of these children. Results are stronger when comparing only what both scales assess in common. (Source: Infant Behavior and Development)
Source: Infant Behavior and Development - February 2, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Screening language skills at 2;0
This study aimed to analyze the specificity and sensitivity of two screening methods at 2;0 years of age. In addition, the matter of what kind of information the use of word combinations and parental concern provide for screening was analyzed. The subjects were 78 children. The screening methods used were the Finnish versions of the short-form version of the MacArthur Communicative Development Inventories (FinCDI-SF) and the Communication and Symbolic Behavior Scales, Developmental Profile, Infant-Toddler Checklist (FinCSBS). The specificity and sensitivity of the screening methods were analyzed based on result of the Reyn...
Source: Infant Behavior and Development - January 31, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Maternal sociodemographic factors differentially affect the risk of behavioral problems in Brazilian and Italian preterm toddlers
Publication date: February 2018 Source:Infant Behavior and Development, Volume 50 Author(s): Rafaela Guilherme Monte Cassiano, Livio Provenzi, Maria Beatriz Martins Linhares, Claudia Maria Gaspardo, Rosario Montirosso The main aim of the present study was to examine differences in behavioral problems in toddlers born very preterm in Brazil and Italy. The sample comprised 154 toddlers (18–24 months of age) born very preterm, including 76 toddlers from Brazil and 78 toddlers from Italy. The Child Behavior Checklist was used to assess behavioral problems. Specific sociodemographic factors (i.e., maternal age at childbi...
Source: Infant Behavior and Development - January 5, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Effects of maternal depression in the Still-Face Paradigm: A meta-analysis
Publication date: February 2018 Source:Infant Behavior and Development, Volume 50 Author(s): Katharine A. Graham, Jacqueline Blissett, Evangelia E. Antoniou, Maurice P. Zeegers, Joseph P. McCleery The Still-Face Paradigm (SFP) enables researchers to examine the quality of mother-infant interactions. In typical infants, a classic still-face effect (SFE) has been confirmed whereby infants demonstrate reduced positive affect (PA), reduced gaze (GA), and increased negative affect (NA). Recently, the SFP has been used to examine the effect of maternal depression upon infant behaviour. However, the nature and consistency of the...
Source: Infant Behavior and Development - January 3, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Babbling development as seen in canonical babbling ratios: A naturalistic evaluation of all-day recordings
We examined the effects of age (6 and 11 months), language/culture (English and Chinese), and social circumstances (during infant-directed speech [IDS], during infant overhearing of adult-directed speech [ADS], or when infants were alone) on canonical babbling ratios (CBR = canonical syllables/total syllables). The results showed a three-way interaction of infant age by infant language/culture by social circumstance. The complexity of the results forces us to recognize that a variety of factors can interact in the development of foundations for language, and that both the infant vocal response to the language/culture e...
Source: Infant Behavior and Development - December 29, 2017 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Associations among mothers ’ representations of their relationship with their toddlers, maternal parenting stress, and toddlers’ internalizing and externalizing behaviors
This study examined the array of associations among the emotional valence and the coherence of mothers’ representations of their relationship with their toddlers, mothers’ reported parenting stress, and toddlers’ internalizing and externalizing behaviors. To evaluate maternal representations, 55 mothers were interviewed using the Five Minute Speech Sample procedure (FMSS; Magaña et al., 1986), which was coded for criticism and positive comments (Magaňa-Amato, 1993), as well as coherence (Sher-Censor & Yates, 2015). Mothers also completed the Parenting Stress Index − Short Form (PSI; ...
Source: Infant Behavior and Development - December 24, 2017 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Maternal avoidance, anxiety cognitions and interactive behaviour predicts infant development at 12 months in the context of anxiety disorders in the postpartum period
Conclusions Results underline the importance to also consider the interaction behaviour of women with anxiety disorders to prevent adverse infant development. (Source: Infant Behavior and Development)
Source: Infant Behavior and Development - December 20, 2017 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Are postural adjustments during reaching related to walking development in typically developing infants and infants at risk of cerebral palsy?
Conclusion Increasing age rather than the transition to independent walking is associated with increasing direction-specificity of TD-infants during reaching while sitting, while infants at very high risk of CP show no increase in direction-specificity, suggesting that they gradually grow into a postural deficit. (Source: Infant Behavior and Development)
Source: Infant Behavior and Development - December 20, 2017 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Exploring predictors of change in behavioral problems over a 1-year period in preterm born preschoolers
Conclusions Parenting stress, parent perceived child vulnerability and parental hostility towards the child were the only modifiable predictors of increases in externalizing behavior, whilst no modifiable predictors of internalizing behavior were found. There may be a reciprocal interaction between stress in parents and child externalizing problems. Furthermore, stress and worries may directly influence parents’ reports on behavioral measures, because it could cause them to be concerned by behavior otherwise perceived as normal. Therefore, future interventions for parents of preterm-born children should primarily add...
Source: Infant Behavior and Development - December 17, 2017 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Child care centre adherence to infant physical activity and screen time recommendations in Australia, Canada and the United States: An observational study
Conclusions Assisting child care centres on limiting the use of equipment that restricts an infant’s movement, and providing education about children’s physical activity to families may be important targets for future interventions. (Source: Infant Behavior and Development)
Source: Infant Behavior and Development - December 7, 2017 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Examining pathways linking maternal depressive symptoms in infancy to children ’s behavior problems: The role of maternal unresponsiveness and negative behaviors
Publication date: November 2017 Source:Infant Behavior and Development, Volume 49 Author(s): Pamela Linton Norcross, Esther M. Leerkes, Nan Zhou The extent to which maternal depressive symptoms in the first 6 months of life is linked with internalizing and externalizing behaviors in childhood through specific insensitive maternal behaviors (unresponsive and overtly negative behaviors) was examined in a sample of 259 mother-infant dyads. In addition, the extent to which these paths were moderated by infant negative emotionality was also examined. Maternal depressive symptoms were assessed prenatally and when infants were 6...
Source: Infant Behavior and Development - December 2, 2017 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Maternal self-confidence during the first four months postpartum and its association with anxiety and early infant regulatory problems
Publication date: November 2017 Source:Infant Behavior and Development, Volume 49 Author(s): Lina Maria Matthies, Stephanie Wallwiener, Mitho Müller, Anne Doster, Katharina Plewniok, Sandra Feller, Christof Sohn, Markus Wallwiener, Corinna Reck Maternal self-confidence has become an essential concept in understanding early disturbances in the mother-child relationship. Recent research suggests that maternal self-confidence may be associated with maternal mental health and infant development. The current study investigated the dynamics of maternal self-confidence during the first four months postpartum and the predict...
Source: Infant Behavior and Development - December 2, 2017 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

The influence of the number of toys in the environment on toddlers ’ play
Publication date: February 2018 Source:Infant Behavior and Development, Volume 50 Author(s): Carly Dauch, Michelle Imwalle, Brooke Ocasio, Alexia E. Metz We tested the hypothesis that an environment with fewer toys will lead to higher quality of play for toddlers. Each participant (n=36) engaged in supervised, individual free play sessions under two conditions: Four Toy and Sixteen Toy. With fewer toys, participants had fewer incidences of toy play, longer durations of toy play, and played with toys in a greater variety of ways (Z =−4.448, p< 0.001, r =−0.524; Z =2.828, p =0.005, r =0.333; and Z =4.676,...
Source: Infant Behavior and Development - November 28, 2017 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

The dopamine D4 receptor gene, birth weight, maternal depression, maternal attention, and the prediction of disorganized attachment at 36 months of age: A prospective gene ×environment analysis
Conclusions Our models support the contribution of biological and multiple environmental factors in the complex prediction of disorganized attachment at 36 months. (Source: Infant Behavior and Development)
Source: Infant Behavior and Development - November 21, 2017 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Cultural diversification of communicative gestures through early childhood: A comparison of children in English-, German-, and Chinese- speaking families
This study included variety of different types of gestures and examined whether children’s use of communicative gestures varies by their cultural backgrounds and ages. 714 parents of children (6–36 months old) from U.S.A. English-, German-, and Taiwan Chinese- speaking countries completed the questionnaire on their children’s use of each gesture described in the survey. We used logistic regressions to examine the effect of children’s culture and age, and the interaction effect (culture×age). Children were more likely to use all gestures except reaching, showing, and smacking lips for “yu...
Source: Infant Behavior and Development - November 20, 2017 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Maternal communicative functions and mind-mindedness at 16 months as predictors of children ’s internal and non-internal language at 20 months
Publication date: February 2018 Source:Infant Behavior and Development, Volume 50 Author(s): Emiddia Longobardi, Pietro Spataro, Cristina Colonnesi The effects of Communicative functions and Mind-Mindedness on children’s language development have been typically investigated in separate studies. The present longitudinal research was therefore designed to yield new insight into the simultaneous impact of these two dimensions of maternal responsiveness on the acquisition of expressive language skills in a sample of 25 mother-child dyads. The frequencies of five communicative functions (Tutorial, Didactic, Conversationa...
Source: Infant Behavior and Development - November 11, 2017 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Development of body emotion perception in infancy: From discrimination to recognition
Publication date: February 2018 Source:Infant Behavior and Development, Volume 50 Author(s): Alison Heck, Alyson Chroust, Hannah White, Rachel Jubran, Ramesh S. Bhatt Research suggests that infants progress from discrimination to recognition of emotions in faces during the first half year of life. It is unknown whether the perception of emotions from bodies develops in a similar manner. In the current study, when presented with happy and angry body videos and voices, 5-month-olds looked longer at the matching video when they were presented upright but not when they were inverted. In contrast, 3.5-month-olds failed to matc...
Source: Infant Behavior and Development - November 10, 2017 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Preterm birth enhances the contribution of mothers ’ mind-mindedness to infants’ expressive language development: A longitudinal investigation
Publication date: November 2017 Source:Infant Behavior and Development, Volume 49 Author(s): Alessandro Costantini, Gabrielle Coppola, Mirco Fasolo, Rosalinda Cassibba Maternal mind-mindedness has been shown to be a powerful predictor of many developmental outcomes and to buffer the impact of psychosocial risk conditions, but no study has investigated whether this parental feature might support child development in the presence of biological risk, such as preterm birth. The present study addresses this gap, by investigating whether early maternal mind-mindedness contributes to the growth of a child’s linguistic abil...
Source: Infant Behavior and Development - November 7, 2017 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Correlates of tummy time in infants aged 0 –12 months old: A systematic review
Conclusions Specific demographic, environmental and behavioral variables were found to be positively and negatively associated with tummy time. This evidence could assist future research regarding interventions to promote tummy time, enhance motor development, increase infant physical activity and contribute to future tummy time recommendations for parents and health care providers. (Source: Infant Behavior and Development)
Source: Infant Behavior and Development - November 7, 2017 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Moderating effects of maternal emotional availability on language and cognitive development in toddlers of mothers exposed to a natural disaster in pregnancy: The QF2011 Queensland Flood Study
Conclusion The current study highlights the importance of maternal emotional availability, especially structuring, for cognitive and language development in young children. Findings suggest that toddlers exposed to higher levels of prenatal maternal stress in utero may benefit from high maternal structuring for their language development. (Source: Infant Behavior and Development)
Source: Infant Behavior and Development - November 7, 2017 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Adapting and validating a developmental assessment for chinese infants and toddlers: The ages & amp; stages questionnaires: Inventory
Publication date: November 2017 Source:Infant Behavior and Development, Volume 49 Author(s): Huichao Xie, Jantina Clifford, Jane Squires, Chieh-Yu Chen, Xiaoyan Bian, Qian Yu The Chinese government has announced the 2013 Guidelines for developing a national system for early detection of disability among children under 6 years of age. However, given limited resources, challenges exist with developmental measures required in the 2013 Guidelines. In order to meet the needs for a more accurate and cost-efficient measure for developmental assessment, the Ages & Stages Questionnaires: Inventory (ASQ:I) was translated in...
Source: Infant Behavior and Development - November 7, 2017 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Maternal psychological distress after preterm birth: Disruptive or adaptive?
Conclusions While heightened distress levels seem inherent to preterm birth, there appears to be substantial heterogeneity in mothers’ emotional responsivity. This study indicates that relatively high levels of distress after preterm birth do not necessarily place these mothers at increased risk with regard to poor parenting. Conversely, low distress levels do not necessarily indicate good-quality parenting. The results of the present study prompt a reconsideration of the association between postpartum distress and parenting quality, and challenge the notion that high levels of maternal distress always result in low-...
Source: Infant Behavior and Development - November 7, 2017 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

An exploration of common dopaminergic variants and behavior problems in siblings at high risk for autism spectrum disorder
Publication date: November 2017 Source:Infant Behavior and Development, Volume 49 Author(s): Devon N. Gangi, Lauren V. Usher, Daniel S. Messinger Younger siblings of children with ASD often exhibit elevated internalizing and externalizing problems. We investigated common dopaminergic variants (DRD4 and DRD2) in relation to behavior problems at 36 months. Genotypes linked to less efficient dopaminergic functioning were associated with higher internalizing problems in high-risk siblings. (Source: Infant Behavior and Development)
Source: Infant Behavior and Development - November 7, 2017 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Self-control, parenting, and problem behavior in early childhood: A multi-method, multi-informant study
Conclusion Findings confirm prior work on self-control, parenting, and child problem behavior. Most importantly however, the current study adds to the literature by highlighting the need for additional research including maternal as well as paternal data. Specifically, insight in the unique role of fathers may shed light on aspects of child adjustment not covered by mother reports alone. (Source: Infant Behavior and Development)
Source: Infant Behavior and Development - November 7, 2017 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

The effect of a short course of moderate pressure sunflower oil massage on the weight gain velocity and length of NICU stay in preterm infants
Conclusion Our findings suggest that even a short course of body massage with sunflower oil for only five days increases preterm infants’ weight gain and decreases their duration of NICU stay significantly. (Source: Infant Behavior and Development)
Source: Infant Behavior and Development - November 7, 2017 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Waiting for a treat. Studying behaviors related to self-regulation in 18- and 24-month-olds
Publication date: February 2018 Source:Infant Behavior and Development, Volume 50 Author(s): Marta Białecka-Pikul, Karolina Byczewska-Konieczny, Magdalena Kosno, Arkadiusz Białek, Małgorzata Stępień-Nycz The ability to delay gratification – conceived as an early expression of self-regulation – develops in the second half of the second year of life. We used inductive methodology to identify different behaviors and set of behaviors performed by children while waiting for a treat. We asked which sets are more effective when it comes to successfully delaying gratification and how all observed sets change duri...
Source: Infant Behavior and Development - November 7, 2017 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Psychometric properties of the Affordances in the Home Environment for Motor Development inventory for use with Iranian children aged 18 –42 months
Conclusion The Farsi translation of the AHEMD is acceptable for use with Iranian children aged 18–42 month. (Source: Infant Behavior and Development)
Source: Infant Behavior and Development - November 7, 2017 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Influence of semantic consistency and perceptual features on visual attention during scene viewing in toddlers
Publication date: November 2017 Source:Infant Behavior and Development, Volume 49 Author(s): Andrea Helo, Sandrien van Ommen, Sebastian Pannasch, Lucile Danteny-Dordoigne, Pia Rämä Conceptual representations of everyday scenes are built in interaction with visual environment and these representations guide our visual attention. Perceptual features and object-scene semantic consistency have been found to attract our attention during scene exploration. The present study examined how visual attention in 24-month-old toddlers is attracted by semantic violations and how perceptual features (i. e. saliency, centre dis...
Source: Infant Behavior and Development - October 11, 2017 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Implementation of a nightly bedtime routine: How quickly do things improve?
Conclusions These results indicate that sleep disturbances in infants and toddlers can be quickly ameliorated within just a few nights after implementation of a consistent bedtime routine, including a bath, massage, and quiet activities. Future research should consider the potential mechanisms behind these relatively fast improvements in sleep, such as reduced household chaos or physiological changes (e.g. core body temperature, cortisol). (Source: Infant Behavior and Development)
Source: Infant Behavior and Development - October 4, 2017 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

“The effects of family-centered physiotherapy on the cognitive and motor performance in premature infants”
Conclusion Family centered physiotherapy with NDT principles may not be enough to improve motor and cognitive performance in preterm infants at the first year of age. For supporting the motor and cognitive development of the preterm infants other intervention modalities also should be considered. Keywords: infants; premature; early intervention (Source: Infant Behavior and Development)
Source: Infant Behavior and Development - September 26, 2017 Category: Child Development Source Type: research