Health, education and employment status of Europeans aged 60 to 69 years: results from SHARE Survey.
The objective of this study was to identify health and education related predictors of employment/self-employment in the age between 60 and 69 years in Europe. Data were obtained from Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) study- Wave 6. Our final sample (n=13,447) was retrieved from 16 European Union member states, Switzerland and Israel. We used logistic regression model including education level, physical and mental health parameters to predict employment/self-employment vs. retired. Employment/self-employment was associated with higher education status, increased risk for depression, and obesity, but...
Source: Industrial Health - June 12, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Ind Health Source Type: research

Ventilatory disorders associated with occupational inhalation exposure to nitrogen trihydride (ammonia).
Authors: Neghab M, Mirzaei A, Shouroki FK, Jahangiri M, Zare M Abstract Respiratory effects of long term exposure to low levels of ammonia have not been thoroughly investigated. In this cross sectional study, 124 male subjects (67 high exposed and 57 low exposed), occupationally exposed to low levels of ammonia and120 male referent individuals were investigated. Airborne concentrations of ammonia were measured and subjects underwent spirometry tests prior to and at end of their daily work shift. Average concentrations of ammonia in the breathing zones of the high and low exposed employees were found to be 1.35 &plu...
Source: Industrial Health - June 12, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Ind Health Source Type: research

Prevalence and factors associated with poor sleep quality among secondary school teachers in a developing country.
In conclusion, stress level of the secondary school teachers should be reduced to improve sleep quality. PMID: 29848899 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Industrial Health)
Source: Industrial Health - June 5, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Ind Health Source Type: research

Promoting and inhibiting factors for the use of validated dietary assessment questionnaires in health check-up counseling: from occupational health nurses and dietitians' perspective.
Authors: Katagiri R, Muto G, Sasaki S Abstract A validated questionnaire is not typically used for dietary assessment in health check-up counseling provided by occupational health nurses in Japan. We conducted a qualitative study to investigate the barriers and promoting factors affecting the use of validated questionnaires. Ten occupational health nurses and three registered dietitians, working at a health insurance society, were recruited for this study using an open-ended, free description questionnaire. Inhibiting factors, such as "Feeling of satisfaction with the current method," "Recognition of...
Source: Industrial Health - June 5, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Ind Health Source Type: research

EditorialThe mission of the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, Japan (JNIOSH).
Authors: Toyosawa Y PMID: 29863093 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Industrial Health)
Source: Industrial Health - June 5, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Ind Health Source Type: research

Assessment of physicians' proficiency in reading chest radiographs for pneumoconiosis, based on a 60-film examination set with two factors constituting eight indices.
Authors: Tamura T, Kusaka Y, Suganuma N, Suzuki K, Subhannachart P, Siriruttanapruk S, Dumavibhat N, Zhang X, Sishodiya PK, Thanh TA, Hering KG, Parker JE, Algranti E, Santos-O'Connor F, Shida H, Akira M Abstract Two hundred and thirty-three individuals read chest x-ray images (CXR) in the Asian Intensive Reader of Pneumoconiosis (AIR Pneumo) workshop. Their proficiency in reading CXR for pneumoconiosis was calculated using eight indices (X1-X8), as follows: sensitivity (X1) and specificity (X2) for pneumoconiosis; sensitivity (X3) and specificity (X4) for large opacities; sensitivity (X5) and specificity (X6) for ...
Source: Industrial Health - May 30, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Ind Health Source Type: research

Work-related injuries and fatalities in the geotechnical site works.
This study performs data mining of geotechnical works and analyzes the database for the root causes of accidents. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) was chosen for the 1984-2013 time frame with 247 cases. Descriptive statistical analyses were performed to discuss variables such as the end use of the work, project type and cost, soil type and condition, type and degree of injury, cause and type of accident, unsafe acts, and occupation and union status of the victim. The results showed that these accidents have a high frequency of recurrence and have a high severity level (54.3% fatalities). In addition...
Source: Industrial Health - May 23, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Ind Health Source Type: research

The framework of clinical occupational medicine to provide new insight for workaholism.
We describe case reports from patients of the Occupational Disease Centre in Brest, France between 2013 and 2016. Consultations were conducted within the framework of clinical occupational medicine with a focus on real work situations. Diagnoses of workaholism were made according to Goodman's criteria. The situations of four patients are reported. Three of these suffered from workaholism: a 41-year-old sales representative, a 51-year-old nurse in progressive care and a 30-year-old saleswoman. The last case report concerns the situation of a 41-year-old team leader who was first suspected to have workaholism, but later diag...
Source: Industrial Health - May 20, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Ind Health Source Type: research

Exploring the public-private and company size differences in employees' work characteristics and burnout: data analysis of a nationwide survey in Taiwan.
This study explores the pattern of public-private differences in work conditions and employees' stress-related problems to have policy implications for supporting mechanism for disadvantaged workers in private sectors. PMID: 29760299 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Industrial Health)
Source: Industrial Health - May 16, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Ind Health Source Type: research

Workaholism and negative work-related incidents among nurses.
Authors: Andreassen CS, Pallesen S, Moen BE, Bjorvatn B, Waage S, Schaufeli WB Abstract The present study comprised 1,781 nurses who participated in an investigation about working conditions, sleep, and health. They answered a questionnaire about age, sex, marital status, children living at home, work hours per week, number of night shifts last year, and total sleep duration and that also included a validated instrument assessing workaholism. In addition, they were asked to report on eight items concerning negative work-related incidents (dozed off at work, dozed while driving, harmed or nearly harmed self, harmed ...
Source: Industrial Health - May 16, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Ind Health Source Type: research

Relationship between concealment of emotions at work and musculoskeletal symptoms: results from the third Korean Working Conditions Survey.
In this study, we explored the relationship between concealing emotions at work and musculoskeletal symptoms in Korean workers using data from a national, population-based survey. Data were obtained from the third Korean Working Conditions Survey in 2011. We investigated the prevalence of three musculoskeletal symptoms ("back pain", "pain in the upper extremities", and "pain in the lower extremities"). Multiple logistic regression analysis was also performed to determine odds ratios (ORs) for musculoskeletal symptoms according to concealing emotions at work, adjusting for socioeconomic factors...
Source: Industrial Health - May 16, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Ind Health Source Type: research

Associations of non-standard employment with cardiovascular risk factors: findings from nationwide cross-sectional studies in Japan.
This study aimed to examine the cross-sectional association of non-standard employment with cardiovascular disease risk factors. Five years of data from the Comprehensive Survey of Living Conditions and National Health and Nutritional Survey were combined. We used logistic regression to examine the association of employment contract (non-standard [part-time, dispatched, or contract] vs. standard [full-time and permanent]) with eight cardiovascular disease risk factors among 1,636 men and 2,067 women aged 40-60 years. There were significant associations between non-standard employment and cardiovascular disease risk factors...
Source: Industrial Health - April 18, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Ind Health Source Type: research

Comparison of personal air benzene and urine t,t-muconic acid as a benzene exposure surrogate during turnaround maintenance in petrochemical plants.
Authors: Koh DH, Lee MY, Chung EK, Jang JK, Park DU Abstract Previous studies have shown that biomarkers of chemicals with long half-lives may be better surrogates of exposure for epidemiological analyses, leading to less attenuation of the exposure-disease association, than personal air samples. However, chemicals with short half-lives have shown inconsistent results. In the present study, we compared pairs of personal air benzene and its short-half-life urinary metabolite trans,trans-muconic acid (t,t-MA), and predicted attenuation bias of theoretical exposure-disease association. Total 669 pairs of personal air ...
Source: Industrial Health - April 13, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Ind Health Source Type: research

Mass-size distribution and concentration of metals from personal exposure to arc welding fume in pipeline construction: a case report.
Authors: Yang SY, Lin JM, Young LH, Chang CW Abstract We investigate exposure to welding fume metals in pipeline construction, which are responsible for severe respiratory problems. We analyzed air samples obtained using size-fractioning cascade impactors that were attached to the welders performing shielded metal and gas tungsten arc welding outdoors. Iron, aluminum, zinc, chromium, manganese, copper, nickel, and lead concentrations in the water-soluble (WS) and water-insoluble (WI) portions were determined separately, using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. The mass-size distribution of welding fume m...
Source: Industrial Health - April 11, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Ind Health Source Type: research

ISO standards on physical environments for worker performance and productivity.
Authors: Parsons K PMID: 29628494 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Industrial Health)
Source: Industrial Health - April 11, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Ind Health Source Type: research

Assessment of low back disorders risk based on allowable weight limits for manual lifting in Iran.
Authors: Afshari D, Latifi SM, Kord S, Nourollahi-Darabad M Abstract In 2011, load limits for manual lifting were adopted in Iran to protect workers from low back injury without prior testing of accuracy with Iranian workers. This investigation examined how accurate the adopted ACGIH TLVs at the allowable limits predict risk for LBP disorders for a group of Iranian workers using biomechanical criteria. Testing took place in the laboratory with participants completing a series of 2-handed lifting tasks as defined in the Iranian Guideline for Manual Lifting. To test accuracy, both compression and shear forces were es...
Source: Industrial Health - March 17, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Ind Health Source Type: research

Development and validation of a work-related low back pain risk-assessment tool for sugarcane farmers.
Authors: Nilvarangkul K, Phajan T, WongsaLAOHASIRIWONG, Smith JF, Settheetham D Abstract This cross sectional study developed and validated a LBP risk-factor screening scale for use with sugarcane farmers. The scale was developed from a synthesis of LBP risk factors, pretested with 30 sugarcane farmers and administered to five hundred and forty sugarcane farmers to test its psychometric properties. Results indicated construct validity for three factors; physical factors (19 items) with factor loadings of 0.406 to 0.881 and communalities between 0.471 and 0.991; psychological factors (7 items) with factor loadings o...
Source: Industrial Health - March 13, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Ind Health Source Type: research

Exposure reconstruction of trichloroethylene among patients with occupational trichloroethylene hypersensitivity syndrome.
Authors: Nakajima T, Wang H, Ito Y, Naito H, Wang D, Zhao N, Li H, Qiu X, Xia L, Chen J, Wu Q, Li L, Huang H, Kamijima M Abstract Occupational trichloroethylene (TCE) exposure can induce life-threatening generalized dermatitis accompanied by hepatitis: TCE hypersensitivity syndrome (HS). Since the patients' exposure levels have not been fully clarified, this study estimated end-of-shift urinary concentrations of trichloroacetic acid (TCA) and their lower limit below which the disease occurrence was rare. TCA concentration was measured in 78 TCE HS patients whose urine was collected at admission between 2nd and 14th...
Source: Industrial Health - March 7, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Ind Health Source Type: research

Standing balance on inclined surfaces with different friction.
In this study, standing balance of thirteen participants during sudden and irregular external perturbation to calf muscles while standing was investigated. The aim of the study was to evaluate the combined effect of surface inclination and friction on standing balance. The main findings when eyes closed revealed that the standing utilised coefficient of friction (μSUCOF) increased when the surface was inclined for both high and low friction materials. The anterior-posterior torque increased more anteriorly when the surface was inclined toes down and when the surface friction was low. The results indicate that the anteri...
Source: Industrial Health - March 7, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Ind Health Source Type: research

Individual, physical, and organizational risk factors for musculoskeletal disorders among municipality solid waste collectors in Shiraz, Iran.
This study was conducted to determine the prevalence rate of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) and its associated risk factors. Two hundred male waste collectors participated in this cross-sectional study, in which task analysis followed by motion and timeline analysis were performed. The data were collected using demographic, occupation-specific physical and organizational demands, and Nordic musculoskeletal questionnaires. Logistic regression analysis was used for identifying independent risk factors for MSDs. Ten motions observed during waste collection, and the most physical and organizational demands were related to th...
Source: Industrial Health - March 7, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Ind Health Source Type: research

Investigation of the key determinants of Asian nurses' quality of life.
Authors: Makabe S, Kowitlawakul Y, Nurumal MS, Takagai J, Wichaikhum OA, Wangmo N, Foon YS, Kunaviktikul W, Komatsu J, Shirakawa H, Kimura Y, Asanuma Y PMID: 29491251 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Industrial Health)
Source: Industrial Health - March 3, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Ind Health Source Type: research

Asbestos exposure biomarkers in the follow-up of asbestos-exposed workers.
This study confirms that fibre concentration in BALF may be considered as a reliable biomarker of previous asbestos exposure, whereas SRMP does not appear to be influenced by asbestos exposure levels. PMID: 29479016 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Industrial Health)
Source: Industrial Health - February 28, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Ind Health Source Type: research

Research on the axial velocity change rule of desktop slot exhaust hood.
Authors: Chen J Abstract The desktop slot exhaust hood has been widely used, but it is calculated by empirical formula. Axial velocity change rule of desktop slot exhaust hood can effectively provide the basis of the wind speed needed in order to control the poison. According to gas motion mathematical model, the geometry model and boundary conditions of desktop slot exhaust hood was established, and the influence of the hood sizes to axial velocity were analyzed by Fluent simulation. The changes of relationship between the axial velocity(V) and the distance from the hood mouth (L), the short edge of the hood mouth...
Source: Industrial Health - February 21, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Ind Health Source Type: research

Survey of awareness about hazardous chemicals of residents living near chemical plants in South Korea.
This study aimed to investigate the awareness of the residents living near chemical plants about hazardous chemicals, as well as to survey the awareness of workers who do not directly handle chemicals at chemical plants (WNHCs). To this end, a questionnaire survey was conducted among a total of 600 residents and 160 WNHCs. The questionnaire was composed of three items: awareness of chemical risk, awareness of countermeasures in chemical accidents, and imperious necessity of PPE (personal protective equipment). Statistical analysis of the data was performed with the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 18....
Source: Industrial Health - February 14, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Ind Health Source Type: research

Non-work periods for a better working life.
Authors: Takahashi M PMID: 29415923 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Industrial Health)
Source: Industrial Health - February 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Ind Health Source Type: research

Prevalence, source and severity of work-related injuries among "foreign" construction workers in a large Malaysian organisation: a cross-sectional study.
Prevalence, source and severity of work-related injuries among "foreign" construction workers in a large Malaysian organisation: a cross-sectional study. Ind Health. 2018 Feb 02;: Authors: Zerguine H, Tamrin SBM, Jalaludin J Abstract Malaysian construction sector is regarded as critical in the field of health because of the high rates of accidents and fatalities. This research aimed to determine the prevalence, sources and severity of injuries and its association with commitment to safety among foreign construction workers. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 323 foreign construction ...
Source: Industrial Health - February 7, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Ind Health Source Type: research

Risk factors for musculoskeletal disorders in manual harvesting farmers of Rajasthan.
Authors: Jain R, Meena ML, Dangayach GS, Bhardwaj AK Abstract Manual harvesting is a physically demanding occupation with several work-related issues in which musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) happen most commonly. The risk factors for MSDs among manual harvesting farmers are not investigated properly in low and low-middle-income nations. Therefore, a study among 140 farmers of Rajasthan, India was carried out through the usage of Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire and the Rapid Upper Limb Assessment (RULA) technique to identify ergonomic risks. Chi-square analysis was used to find the relationship between the MSD...
Source: Industrial Health - February 3, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Ind Health Source Type: research

Towards a wearable sensor system for continuous occupational cold stress assessment.
This study investigated the usefulness of continuous sensor data for improving occupational cold stress assessment. Eleven volunteer male subjects completed a 90-120-minute protocol in cold environments, consisting of rest, moderate and hard work. Biomedical data were measured using a smart jacket with integrated temperature, humidity and activity sensors, in addition to a custom-made sensor belt worn around the chest. Other relevant sensor data were measured using commercially available sensors. The study aimed to improve decision support for workers in cold climates, by taking advantage of the information provided by dat...
Source: Industrial Health - January 24, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Ind Health Source Type: research

Using relaxation techniques to improve sleep during naps.
In this study, eleven volunteers (aged 37-52) took six early-afternoon naps (30 minutes) in their occupational workplace, under two different conditions: control 'Naps' or 'Naps + RT' with a within-subjects design. Our results demonstrate that adding RT to naps changes sleep architecture, with a significant increase in the TST, mostly due to N2 sleep stage (and N3, to a lesser extent). Therefore, the deepening of short naps with RT involving hypnosis might be a successful non-pharmacological way to extend sleep duration and to deepen sleep in occupational settings. PMID: 29332862 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (So...
Source: Industrial Health - January 16, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Ind Health Source Type: research

Information exchange using a prescribed form and involvement of occupational health nurses promotes occupational physicians to collaborate with attending physicians for supporting workers with illness in Japan.
This study explored factors that affect collaboration between occupational physicians (OPs) and attending physicians (APs). A questionnaire was mailed to 1,102 OPs. The questionnaire assessed the demographic characteristics of OPs; their opinions and behaviors related to collaboration, including the exchange of medical information with APs; and the occupational health service system at their establishments. In total, 275 OPs completed the questionnaire (25.0% response rate). Over 80% of respondents believed OPs should collaborate with APs. After adjusting for company size, collaboration>10 times/year (with regard to bot...
Source: Industrial Health - December 23, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Ind Health Source Type: research

Association between long work hours and depressive state: a pilot study of propensity score matched Japanese white-collar workers.
In this study, we used a propensity score method to evaluate the association between work hours and depressive state. A total of 467 Japanese white-collar workers were surveyed and divided into long and regular work hour groups according to overtime work records. Propensity score matching was performed based on 32 individual background and workplace factors, yielding 74 pairs of propensity-matched subjects. CES-D score, an indicator of depressive state, did not differ significantly among the two groups (p=0.203). However, work motivation, work control, social support and emotional stability correlated with CES-D score. The...
Source: Industrial Health - December 23, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Ind Health Source Type: research

Evaluation of operational parameters role on the emission of fumes.
Authors: Sajedifar J, Kokabi AH, Farhang Dehghan S, Mehri A, Azam K, Golbabaei F Abstract Electric arc welding is a routine operation in the construction of metallic structures, but the fumes generated during the welding process can threaten the health of welders. Fumes are undesirable products of the majority of welding operations and may have various detrimental effects on health. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of operational parameters of the shielded metal arc welding (SMAW) process on the emission of fumes. A dust monitor was used to measure the number and mass concentration of fumes g...
Source: Industrial Health - December 16, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Ind Health Source Type: research

Depressive symptoms and risk of absence among workers in a manufacturing company: a 12-month follow-up study.
The objective of this study was to investigate how depressive symptoms are prospectively associated with subsequent absence, whether caused by illness or accidents, among manufacturing workers. This prospective study was conducted on 2,349 male and female employees that underwent a regular health examination at a university hospital. Depressive symptoms were measured at baseline using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) Scale. Data on self-reported absence due to illness and accidents were obtained during a follow up of 1-year. The incidences of sickness absence were 6.0% for men and 17.3% for women. Me...
Source: Industrial Health - December 13, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Ind Health Source Type: research

New development of research on personal protective equipment (PPE) for occupational safety and health.
Authors: Sawada SI, Kuklane K, Wakatsuki K, Morikawa H PMID: 29212988 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Industrial Health)
Source: Industrial Health - December 9, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Ind Health Source Type: research

Determination of crystalline silica in respirable dust upon occupational exposure for Egyptian workers.
This study aims to investigate occupational exposure to crystalline silica dust at 22 factories in Egypt with different industrial activities like stone cutting, glass making, ceramic, and sand blasting. Dust samples were collected from work sites at the breathing zone using a personal sampling pump and a size-selective cyclone and analyzed using FTIR. The sampling period was 60-120 min. The results show that the exposure at each of the industrial sectors is very much higher than the current national and international limits, and that lead to a great risk of lung cancer and mortality to workers. PMID: 29199263 [PubMed ...
Source: Industrial Health - December 6, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Ind Health Source Type: research

Organophosphorus pesticide exposure in agriculture: effects of temperature, ultraviolet light and abrasion on pvc gloves.
Authors: Ismail I, Gaskin S, Pisaniello D, Edwards JW Abstract Elbow length PVC gloves are often recommended for protection against organophosphorus pesticide (OP) exposure in agriculture. However, performance may be reduced due to high temperature, UV exposure and abrasion. We sought to assess these impacts for two OPs under normal use and reasonable worst-case scenarios. Glove permeation tests were conducted using ASTM cells with two PVC glove brands at 23°C and 45°C for up to 8 hours. Technical grade dichlorvos and formulated diazinon were used undiluted and at application strength. Breakthough of undilu...
Source: Industrial Health - December 6, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Ind Health Source Type: research

Examination of validity of a conditioned odor aversion (COA) procedure using low-dose of organic solvent as an applied procedure of the conditioned taste aversion.
Authors: Hojo R, Takaya M, Yasuda A, Tsuchiya M, Ogawa Y Abstract Smell of very low dose of chemical might evoke subjective physical symptoms in human by some process of learning named the aversion conditioning. But few scientific evidences of the hypothesis have been reported so far. Validity of conditioned odor aversion (COA) using low-doses of organic solvent as odor conditioned stimulus (CS) was examined. In conditioning phase, water-deprived male Sprague-Dawley rats were presented low, medium or high dose solution for 30 min followed by 0.3 M Lithium Chloride (LiCl) solution or saline injection. The xylene sol...
Source: Industrial Health - November 29, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Ind Health Source Type: research

Occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields from medical sources.
Authors: Stam R, Yamaguchi-Sekino S Abstract High exposures to electromagnetic fields (EMF) can occur near certain medical devices in the hospital environment. A systematic assessment of medical occupational EMF exposure could help to clarify where more attention to occupational safety may be needed. This paper seeks to identify sources of high exposure for hospital workers and compare the published exposure data to occupational limits in the European Union. A systematic search for peer-reviewed publications was conducted via PubMed and Scopus databases. Relevant grey literature was collected via a web search. For ...
Source: Industrial Health - November 9, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Ind Health Source Type: research

Burnout syndrome as an occupational disease in the European Union: an exploratory study.
This study aimed to compare approaches to the burnout syndrome in European countries. A questionnaire focusing on stress-related occupational diseases was distributed to national experts of 28 European Union countries. A total of 23 countries responded. In 9 countries (Denmark, Estonia, France, Hungary, Latvia, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia and Sweden) burnout syndrome may be acknowledged as an occupational disease. Latvia has burnout syndrome explicitly included on the List of ODs. Compensation for burnout syndrome has been awarded in Denmark, France, Latvia, Portugal and Sweden.Only in 39% of the countries a possibilit...
Source: Industrial Health - November 9, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Ind Health Source Type: research

Heat stress assessment in artistic glass units.
Authors: d'AMBROSIO Alfano FR, Palella BI, Riccio G, Bartalini M, Strambi F, Malchaire J Abstract Heat stress in glass industry is mainly studied in large and highly mechanized manufacturing Units. To the contrary, few studies were carried out in small factories specialized in hand-made products. To stress the need of combined objective and medical surveys in these environments, this paper deals with a simultaneous climatic and physiological investigation of working conditions in artistic crystal glass factories in Tuscany (Italy). The microclimatic monitoring, through a continuous survey has been carried out in ea...
Source: Industrial Health - November 9, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Ind Health Source Type: research

Genotoxic effects of occupational exposure to benzene in gasoline station workers.
This study evaluated the genotoxic effects of occupational exposure to benzene in gasoline stations. Genotoxicity of exposure to benzene was assessed in peripheral blood leucocytes of 62 gasoline station workers and compared with an equal numbers of matched controls using total genomic DNA fragmentation, micronucleus test and cell viability test. An ambient air samples were collected and analyzed for Monitoring of benzene, toluene, ethyl benzene and xylene (BTEX) in work environment and control areas. DNA fragmentation, micronucleus and dead cells percent were significantly higher in exposed workers than controls. Level of...
Source: Industrial Health - October 28, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Ind Health Source Type: research

Fluctuations in heart rate variability of health care workers during four consecutive extended work shifts and recovery during rest and sleep.
Authors: Goffeng EM, Nordby KC, Tarvainen MP, Järvelin-Pasanen S, Wagstaff A, Goffeng LO, Bugge M, Skare Ø, Lie JS Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate fluctuations in heart rate variability (HRV), which reflect autonomic nervous system (ANS) function and potential psychological and physical strain, among 24 health care workers during work and sleep during four consecutive extended work shifts. Data included 24/36/12 hours of HRV measurements, two logbooks, and a questionnaire. A cross-shift/cross-week design was applied. HRV was measured during work, leisure time, and sleep. The HRV data i...
Source: Industrial Health - October 24, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Ind Health Source Type: research

Exploring how a traditional diluted yoghurt drink may mitigate heat strain during medium-intensity intermittent work. - A multidisciplinary study of occupational heat strain.
Authors: Lundgren-Kownacki K, Dahl M, Gao C, Jakobsson K, Linninge C, Song D, Kuklane K Abstract It is common practice in India to consume the dairy drink buttermilk as a way of mitigating occupational heat strain. This paper explores the thermoregulatory and hydration benefits of drinking buttermilk but also the impacts of work in a hot environment on the gut microbiota, renal and cognitive function. Twelve healthy participants were subjected to a 3-hour period of medium load physical intermittent work in a climatic chamber (34°C, 60 % RH). The subjects were given water, buttermilk (700 ml) or no rehydration a...
Source: Industrial Health - October 24, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Ind Health Source Type: research

Association between rotating night shift work and metabolic syndrome in Korean workers: differences between 8-hour and 12-hour rotating shift work.
This study aimed to analyze the association between the shift work schedule and metabolic syndrome (MetS). This is a retrospective longitudinal study based on the 2015 health checkup data of 2,090 workers evaluated for MetS in 2010 at a general hospital in Korea. The participants were divided according to their shift work schedule into daytime, three-shift (8-hour rotation), and two-shift (12-hour rotation) workers. The index that indicates the association between the shift work schedule and MetS is the odds ratio (OR) calculated using multivariate logistic regression. The analysis for the entire group of workers indicated...
Source: Industrial Health - October 21, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Ind Health Source Type: research

Exposure to airborne endotoxin in Italian greenhouses: environmental analyses.
The objective of this study was to measure the concentrations of airborne endotoxin in greenhouses with different cultures. The influence of microclimate was studied in correlation with endotoxin levels and type of cultured vegetables. The data indicate that workers employed greenhouses are exposed to low levels of inhalable endotoxins; endotoxin concentrations do not correlate with the temperature and relative humidity values. A strong correlation between the leaf size and endotoxin concentration was observed. The mean concentration of endotoxins in the air of greenhouses is relatively low, however, there could be peaks o...
Source: Industrial Health - October 21, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Ind Health Source Type: research

Factors associated with adherence to recommendations to visit a physician after annual health checkups among Japanese employees: a cross-sectional observational study.
This study examined the factors related to adherence to recommendations among Japanese employees. We conducted a cross-sectional study of 219 employees who had ignored recommendations to visit a physician for the previous 3 years; we assessed their work- and life-related factors, health status, and health literacy. We analyzed the data of 103 employees who met the inclusion criteria. Participants who lived alone and had a primary doctor, lower job demand, and lower self-rated health were significantly more likely to adhere to recommendations, suggesting that work- and life-related factors-rather than individual health lite...
Source: Industrial Health - October 21, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Ind Health Source Type: research

SP: Current global standards for chemical protective clothing: how to choose the right protection for the right job?
This article provides information about the selection, use, care and maintenance (SUCAM) of protective clothing against chemical and microbiological hazards. PMID: 29046493 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Industrial Health)
Source: Industrial Health - October 21, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Ind Health Source Type: research

A user-centred design process of new cold-protective clothing for offshore petroleum workers operating in the Barents Sea.
CONCLUSION: Accomplishing a user-centred design process contributed to new PPC with enhanced user satisfaction and included relevant functional solutions. PMID: 29046494 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Industrial Health)
Source: Industrial Health - October 21, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Ind Health Source Type: research

Development of a new test cell to measure cumulative permeation of water-insoluble pesticides with low vapor pressure through protective clothing and glove materials.
Authors: Shaw A, Coleone-Carvalho AC, Hollingshurst J, Draper M, Machado Neto JG Abstract A collaborative approach, involving resources and expertise from several countries, was used to develop a test cell to measure cumulative permeation by a solid-state collection technique. The new technique was developed to measure the permeation of pesticide active ingredients and other chemicals with low vapor pressure that would otherwise be difficult to test via standard techniques. The development process is described and the results from the final chosen test method are reported. Inter-laboratory studies were conducted to...
Source: Industrial Health - October 17, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Ind Health Source Type: research

SP: Prediction of WBGT-based clothing adjustment values from evaporative resistance.
Authors: Bernard TE, Ashley CD, Garzon XP, Kim JH, Coca A Abstract Wet bulb globe temperature (WBGT) index is used by many professionals in combination with metabolic rate and clothing adjustments to assess whether a heat stress exposure is sustainable. The progressive heat stress protocol is a systematic method to prescribe a clothing adjustment value (CAV) from human wear trials, and it also provides an estimate of apparent total evaporative resistance (Re,T,a). It is clear that there is a direct relationship between the two descriptors of clothing thermal effects with diminishing increases in CAV at high Re,T,a....
Source: Industrial Health - October 17, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Ind Health Source Type: research