Background paper for developing a policy for the use of rabies biologicals and vaccination of humans in India
Mysore Kalappa Sudarshan, Doddabele Hanumanthaiah Ashwath NarayanaIndian Journal of Public Health 2019 63(5):51-53 National Rabies Control Programme, India, is in operation since 2012–2013 without much impact due to poor funding and no set policy for the rabies prevention and control. An effort was made to develop a draft policy paper which can help the Government of India to develop a national rabies vaccination policy for humans and for achieving the goal of zero dog-mediated human rabies deaths by the year 2030. A technical stakeholders meeting was held under the chairmanship of the Drug Controller General of Ind...
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - September 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Mysore Kalappa Sudarshan Doddabele Hanumanthaiah Ashwath Narayana Source Type: research

Assessing rabies-free status of Andaman, Nicobar, and Lakshadweep Islands, India
Shrikrishna Isloor, Reeta S Mani, Mahendra Bangalore JayakrishnappaIndian Journal of Public Health 2019 63(5):48-50 The Indian Islands of Andaman, Nicobar, and Lakshadweep have been historically rabies-free. However, reliable laboratory evidence to substantiate rabies-free status was lacking. In this background, the study was conducted as a component of the World Health Organization-Association for Prevention and Control of Rabies in India, Indian Multi-Centric Rabies Survey; to assess the rabies-free status of the two Islands and to examine the feasibility of initiating laboratory surveillance for rabies in dogs in Andam...
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - September 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Shrikrishna Isloor Reeta S Mani Mahendra Bangalore Jayakrishnappa Source Type: research

Cost of rabies post exposure prophylaxis in different healthcare settings in six states of India
Ravish Shankaraiah Haradanhalli, Ashwath Narayana D. Hanumanthaiah, Sanjay T VaradappaIndian Journal of Public Health 2019 63(5):44-47 The expenditure for rabies postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) is substantial, especially for the poor who are affected the most. The present study was conducted to determine the cost incurred to a patient and the healthcare facility for providing PEP in different healthcare settings. A multicentric, health facility-based study was conducted from May 2017 to January 2018 in the six states involving 18 healthcare facilities. The study included 529 animal bite cases; most of them belonged to eith...
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - September 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Ravish Shankaraiah Haradanhalli Ashwath Narayana D. Hanumanthaiah Sanjay T Varadappa Source Type: research

Market mapping and landscape analysis of human rabies biologicals in India
Conclusions: There are many lacunas in the market availability of rabies biologicals in different parts of the country; therefore, a significant expansion/shift in focus must be considered, through rigorous strategic planning process. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - September 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Mysore Kalappa Sudarshan Doddabele Hanumanthaiah Ashwath Narayana Mahendra Bangalore Jayakrishnappa Source Type: research

Assessment of procurement, distribution, availability, and utilization of rabies biologicals for postexposure prophylaxis in seven states of India
Conclusion: The procurement, distribution, availability, and utilization of rabies biologicals were not universal across the states. Frequent shortages of supply have to be improved to attain universal coverage. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - September 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Ashwath Narayana D Hanumanthaiah Ravish Shankaraiah Haradanhalli Source Type: research

Facilities and services of postexposure prophylaxis in anti-rabies clinics: A national assessment in India
Conclusion: The facilities available for PEP at the anti-rabies clinics were inadequate and have to be improved across the country. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - September 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Mysore Kalappa Sudarshan Ravish Shankaraiah Haradanhalli Source Type: research

Health-seeking behavior and compliance to post exposure prophylaxis among animal bite victims in India
Conclusions: Health-seeking behavior and compliance to complete course of anti-rabies vaccination is unsatisfactory, which has to be improved to prevent rabies. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - September 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Ravish Shankaraiah Haradanhalli Hulawadi Shivalingaiah Anwith Banandur S Pradeep Shrikrishna Isloor Gangaboraiah Bilagumba Source Type: research

Community awareness and risk of rabies associated with exposure to animals in India
Conclusion: The awareness on rabies and its prevention in the study population was not satisfactory. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - September 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: NR Ramesh Masthi TV Sanjay SB Pradeep HS Anwith Source Type: research

A multicentric community survey on animal exposures among humans in India
Conclusion: The incidence of animal exposure was 1.26%. Rabies PEP in the cases was not satisfactory. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - September 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: NR Ramesh Masthi BS Pradeep Gangaboraiah Bilagumba Source Type: research

Appraisal of surveillance of human rabies and animal bites in seven states of India
Conclusion: The surveillance system on human rabies and animal bites in India has to be improved under the national rabies control program to eliminate rabies by the year 2030. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - September 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Mysore Kalappa Sudarshan Doddabele Hanumanthaiah Ashwath Narayana Source Type: research

Time for India to move towards rabies elimination by 2030!
Gyanendra GongalIndian Journal of Public Health 2019 63(5):2-2 (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - September 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Gyanendra Gongal Source Type: research

Providing evidence for effective prevention and control of rabies in India
Mysore Kalappa Sudarshan, Doddabele Hanumanthaiah Ashwath NarayanaIndian Journal of Public Health 2019 63(5):1-1 (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - September 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Mysore Kalappa Sudarshan Doddabele Hanumanthaiah Ashwath Narayana Source Type: research

Nipah outbreak in North Kerala & #8211; What worked ? Insights for future response and recovery based on examination of various existing frameworks
This article provides the groundwork and insights as a value addition toward an India-specific framework of action for response and recovery for Nipah outbreaks in future. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - September 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Asma Ayesha Rahim Thomas V Chacko Source Type: research

Association of biomass fuel smoke exposure and hypertension among rural women of Bangladesh: A cross-sectional study
This study investigated the relationship between biomass fuel smoke exposure and hypertension among the rural Bangladeshi women. A total of 410 women aged 19–60 years were enrolled in this study during April–May 2017 who regularly cooked with biomass fuel in traditional cook stove for the past ≥1 year. Self-reported daily cooking hours and lifetime cooking experience of the participants were recorded, and their blood pressure was measured. Participants' age ≥40 years, parental history of hypertension, body mass index ≥25 kg/m2, and cumulative exposure to biomass smoke were found to be the ...
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - September 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Nilima Barman M Atiqul Haque A K. M. Fazlur Rahman M Khalequzzaman Saidur R Mashreky Source Type: research

Exploring spinal muscular atrophy and its impact on functional status: Indian scenario
Meruna Bose, Shrutika Dilip Parab, Samidha M Patil, Nehal A Pandey, Gargi V Pednekar, Sarabjyot Singh SainiIndian Journal of Public Health 2019 63(3):254-257 The present study aimed to find out the effect of disease-related impairments on functional status in individuals with spinal muscular atrophy and identify perceived barriers to undergo physiotherapy. The cross-sectional observational study was conducted on 90 participants from January to March 2018 using validated patient-reported questionnaire via electronic mail, along with Fatigue Severity Scale and ACTIVLIM. Results revealed that difficulty in sitting was due to...
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - September 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Meruna Bose Shrutika Dilip Parab Samidha M Patil Nehal A Pandey Gargi V Pednekar Sarabjyot Singh Saini Source Type: research

Cancer in the NorthEast India: Where we are and what needs to be done ?
Priscilla Ngaihte, Eric Zomawia, Iti KaushikIndian Journal of Public Health 2019 63(3):251-253 North East Region in India is showing a peculiar type of cancer incidence pattern. This is an attempt to get a clear picture of cancer in NE India, the gaps in providing cancer care, and a way forward for a healthier NE. For this purpose, a desk review was undertaken along with secondary data analysis in 2018. In NE, the survival rate is comparatively very low, with higher proportion of distant metastasis cases at diagnosis. Even worse, the NE region lacks required infrastructure with respect to specialized treatment facilities,...
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - September 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Priscilla Ngaihte Eric Zomawia Iti Kaushik Source Type: research

Epidemiology of rotavirus gastroenteritis and need of high rotavirus vaccine coverage with early completion of vaccination schedule for protection against rotavirus diarrhea in India: A narrative review
Bhaskar Raju, Raunak P Parikh, Volker V Vetter, Shafi KolhapureIndian Journal of Public Health 2019 63(3):243-250 Rotavirus is a leading cause of severe pediatric diarrhea worldwide, with about 199,000 childhood deaths in 2015, of which 90% in low-income countries. India alone accounts for 22% of the global rotavirus gastroenteritis (RVGE)-related deaths among children below 5 years of age. The World Health Organization recommends introducing rotavirus vaccines (RVVs) as a priority in developing countries where high rates of RVGE are observed. To have the desired impact, RVV should be administered the earliest pos...
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - September 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Bhaskar Raju Raunak P Parikh Volker V Vetter Shafi Kolhapure Source Type: research

Sleep pattern, aggressive behavior and substance use among school students of Manipur: A cross-sectional study
Conclusions: Around two-fifth of the adolescents were not getting enough sleep. The association between aggressive behavior and substance use was found but needs further investigation for its temporal relationship. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - September 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Markordor Lyngdoh Brogen Singh Akoijam RK S. Agui Kh Sonarjit Singh Source Type: research

Enabling factors for behavior change among people with alcohol dependency: An exploratory study in a mental health-care facility
Conclusions: Alcoholism needs to be addressed holistically rather than focusing only on biological treatment. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - September 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Pavani Yamarthi Nanda Kishore Kannuri Source Type: research

A study on self-perceived uselessness and its determinants among residents of old age homes in North Bengaluru
Conclusions: It can be concluded that self-perceived uselessness is quite prevalent in nearly one-half of the elderly in the old age homes in North Bengaluru having significant association with variables such as gender, education, leisure activities, and functional status. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - September 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Gayatri Rangra S Archana Mohammed Imran Source Type: research

Whole-grain consumption and its determinants in Malaysian medical students: A cross-sectional study
Conclusions: Efforts are needed to bridge the knowledge–practice gap by assessing the barriers to whole-grain consumption to design effective initiatives to promote an increase in whole-grain consumption. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - September 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Shobha Subramanian Sapna S Patil Suresh Ponnusamy Ameya A Hasamnis Keng Yin Loh Nageswari Santosh Source Type: research

Internet and doctor & #8211;patient relationship: Cross-sectional study of patients & #39; perceptions and practices
Conclusions: A large proportion of patients used Internet to get medical information, significantly more urban patients compared to rural patients. The implication of this is that doctors in times to come will be dealing with patients empowered by online health information. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - September 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Sukanya Singh Amitav Banerjee Source Type: research

Development of perceived prenatal maternal stress scale
Conclusions: As a comprehensive scale, PPNMSS is efficient to measure PNMS, which facilitates an early detection of stress and depression among pregnant women and timely intervention by health care professionals. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - September 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: P Sreeja Gangadharan S P K. Jena Source Type: research

Are household food security, nutrient adequacy, and childhood nutrition clustered together ? A cross-sectional study in Bankura, West Bengal
Conclusions: An index comprising of three indicators might help identify the vulnerable households in relation to food security more effectively than a single indicator. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - September 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Satabdi Mitra Dipta Kanti Mukhopadhyay Aditya Prasad Sarkar Indrajit Saha Source Type: research

Prevalence of goiter and its association with iodine status among the women of reproductive age group in coastal villages of Udupi Taluk, Karnataka, India
Conclusions: Median urinary iodine among the women with goiter indicates iodine sufficiency and no significant difference observed in urinary iodine levels between women with and without goiter. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - September 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: T Sravan Kumar Reddy Veena G Kamath George P Jacob Asha Kamath Cleeta Rebeiro Source Type: research

ABC, VED and lead time analysis in the surgical store of a public sector tertiary care hospital in Delhi
Conclusions: Hospitals stores need to implement inventory management techniques to reduce the number of stock-outs and internal lead time. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - September 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Mansoor Hussain Vijaydeep Siddharth Sanjay Arya Source Type: research

Clustering of cardiovascular disease risk factors & #8211; Syndemic approach: Is sit a time to shift toward integrated noncommunicable disease clinic ?
Conclusions: Clustering of NCD risk factors is highly prevalent in this region and mainly driven by dietary practices and obesity measures. There is an urgent need to reorient the health system toward integrated approach with mandated inclusion of nutritionist in NCD health service delivery. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - September 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Kalaiselvi Selvaraj Sitanshu Sekahr Kar Gomathi Ramaswamy KC Premarajan Ganesh Kumar Saya Vinodhkumar Kalidoss Source Type: research

Community perception and risk reduction practices toward malaria and dengue: A mixed-method study in slums of Chetla, Kolkata
Conclusions: Intensified social behavior change communication with active community participation is the need of the hour to prevent malaria and dengue occurrence and future outbreaks. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - September 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Debayan Podder Bobby Paul Aparajita Dasgupta Lina Bandyopadhyay Arkaprovo Pal Soumit Roy Source Type: research

Effect of dietary habit and physical activity on overnutrition of schoolgoing adolescents: A longitudinal assessment in a rural block of West Bengal
Conclusions: Strong evidence was generated of dietary practices being more rigidly related to overweight among the adolescents. Healthy dietary practices coupled with physical activity should be promoted to mitigate the risk of obesity. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - September 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Arista Lahiri Arup Chakraborty Urmila Dasgupta Amal Kumar Sinha Roy Krishnadas Bhattacharyya Source Type: research

Do we have a magic bullet to treat moderate and severe anemia in pregnant women ?
Shashi KantIndian Journal of Public Health 2019 63(3):165-170 A desperate situation may evoke a fundamental question or suggestion of a radical solution. Hence, let us first examine whether the current situation of maternal anemia in India is really desperate and therefore merits a search for a “magic bullet” as a cure. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - September 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Shashi Kant Source Type: research

Mortality surveillance in India: Past, present, and future
Anand Krishnan, Dilip Kumar DasIndian Journal of Public Health 2019 63(3):163-164 (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - September 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Anand Krishnan Dilip Kumar Das Source Type: research

Obituary & #8211; Prof. S. Elango
Indian Journal of Public Health 2019 63(2):162-162 (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Author & #39;s Reply for article & #8220;Vaccine Hesitancy for Childhood Vaccinations in Slum Areas of Siliguri: A Critical Commentary & #8221;
Pallabi Dasgupta, Sharmistha Bhattacherjee, Abhijit Mukherjee, Samir DasguptaIndian Journal of Public Health 2019 63(2):161-161 (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Pallabi Dasgupta Sharmistha Bhattacherjee Abhijit Mukherjee Samir Dasgupta Source Type: research

Vaccine hesitancy for childhood vaccinations in slum areas of Siliguri: A critical commentary
Vinu CherianIndian Journal of Public Health 2019 63(2):160-160 (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Vinu Cherian Source Type: research

The expanding role of & #8220;Stand-Alone & #8221; hemodialysis units in chronic renal replacement therapy: A descriptive study from North Kerala
Benil Hafeeq, Jyotish Chalil Gopinathan, Feroz Aziz, Sajith Narayanan, Idrees Velikkalagath, Ismail Naduvileparambil Aboobacker, NA UvaisIndian Journal of Public Health 2019 63(2):157-159 Renal replacement therapy in India is predominantly a private health-care-driven initiative making it an expensive treatment option due to high out-of-pocket expenditures. Moreover, with the rapid increase in the number of chronic kidney disease patients requiring dialysis, hemodialysis units (HDUs) are getting saturated. Community “stand-alone” dialysis centers could be an important alternative to HDUs in meeting the growing...
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Benil Hafeeq Jyotish Chalil Gopinathan Feroz Aziz Sajith Narayanan Idrees Velikkalagath Ismail Naduvileparambil Aboobacker NA Uvais Source Type: research

Mortality due to mass Hymenoptera attacks: A serious but underrecognized public health problem in a mountainous state of India
Sanjay Vikrant, Ajay Jaryal, Anupam ParasharIndian Journal of Public Health 2019 63(2):154-156 Most deaths related to Hymenoptera are a result of immediate hypersensitivity reactions causing anaphylaxis to one or few stings. However, if the patient is exposed to a large quantity of the venom due to mass/multiple stings, massive envenomation can cause death in nonallergic individuals. Thirty-nine cases of acute kidney injury (AKI) who followed mass attacks by Hymenoptera were seen over 15 years, with a reference period between 2003 and 2017. AKI was severe; most (85%) of them required dialysis and one-third died. Mass ...
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Sanjay Vikrant Ajay Jaryal Anupam Parashar Source Type: research

Why people avoid prescribed medical treatment in India ?
Shivendra Sangar, Varun Dutt, Ramna ThakurIndian Journal of Public Health 2019 63(2):151-153 Avoidance in seeking prescribed medical treatment can result in adverse consequences. The study was conducted to find out the reasons to avoid prescribed medical treatment and associations with various socioeconomic variables in India. Data from the National Sample Survey Organisation 71st Round on “Key Indicators of Social Consumption: Health” (January and June 2014) have been used. Variables such as place of residence, social categories, religion, and socioeconomic status have been used to study the associations with...
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Shivendra Sangar Varun Dutt Ramna Thakur Source Type: research

Microorganisms isolated from mobile phones and hands of health-care workers in a tertiary care hospital of Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
Parul Dipak Shah, Nasiruddin Moinuddin Shaikh, Komal Vallbhbhai DholariaIndian Journal of Public Health 2019 63(2):147-150 The mobile phones have become an inevitable part of life for communication everywhere. Hospital-acquired infections are causing increased morbidity and mortality of hospitalized patients. After getting approval from the institutional review board, a total of 300 samples from mobile phones and dominant hands of resident doctors, nurses, and support staff working in neonatal intensive care unit, pediatric intensive care unit, intensive care unit, and emergency ward were tested according to standard guid...
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Parul Dipak Shah Nasiruddin Moinuddin Shaikh Komal Vallbhbhai Dholaria Source Type: research

Workplace violence against resident doctors: A multicentric study from government medical colleges of Uttar Pradesh
Geetu Singh, Akash Singh, Shobha Chaturvedi, Samreen KhanIndian Journal of Public Health 2019 63(2):143-146 According to the World Health Organization, between 8% and 38% of health workers suffer physical violence at some point in their careers. This multicentric study was conducted to find the prevalence, perceived risk factors, and measures to prevent workplace violence among doctors. The sample consisted of all 2nd- and 3rd-year resident doctors (n = 305) from three colleges in Uttar Pradesh. An anonymous, pretested in a similar setting, self-administered questionnaire was used. 69.5% of doctors reporte...
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Geetu Singh Akash Singh Shobha Chaturvedi Samreen Khan Source Type: research

Temperature integrity and exposure to freezing temperature during vaccine transfer under the universal immunization program in Three States of India
This study assessed temperature during vaccine transfers at various levels under the Universal Immunization Program. This cross-sectional study undertaken in 21 districts of three states of India – Bihar (n = 8), Kerala (n = 8), and Gujarat (n = 5). We documented temperature inside the cold boxes and vaccine carriers using LogTag-Trix8 data loggers. In total, 110 vaccine transportation episodes were observed; 55 inter-facility transfers and 55 outreach sessions. Sizable proportions of inter-facility (9% to 35%) and outreach vaccine transfers (18%) were exposed to sub-zero temperature. The prop...
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Manoja Kumar Das Narendra Kumar Arora Thomas Mathew Bhadresh Vyas Monica Sindhu Abhishek Yadav Source Type: research

Effectiveness of multi-strategic health screening cum educational intervention model in promoting health of school children in rural Coimbatore
Conclusion: Our study shows evidently that a multi-strategic health screening cum educational intervention model can be implemented and can be effective in bringing changes in the nutrition and personal hygiene habits thereby promoting the health of school children. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: GM Muhammad Subhashini Ganesan Thomas V Chacko Source Type: research

Admissions to a sick new born care unit in a secondary care hospital: Profile and outcomes
Conclusions: SNCUs in remote areas can bring down neonatal mortality in North Bihar. Unequal access of SNCUs services to girls and lower socioeconomic groups highlighted the existing barriers which require attention. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Ravi Shekhar Sinha D Sharon Cynthia P Vinod Kumar Lois J Armstrong Anuradha Bose Kuryan George Source Type: research

Behavioral and biological risk factors of noncommunicable diseases among tribal adults of rural siliguri in Darjeeling District, West Bengal: A cross-sectional study
Conclusions: Most of the behavioral and biological risk factors of NCDs were quite high among tribal population of rural Siliguri except physical inactivity. Increasing awareness about NCDs through locally accepted and culturally appropriate strategies need to be implemented in the study area. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Ditipriya Bhar Sharmistha Bhattacherjee Dilip Kumar Das Source Type: research

Prevalence and predictors of self-reported risk behaviors among male injecting drug users
Conclusions: The findings suggest that IDUs in the study area are engaging in risk behaviors. Behavior change communication and harm reduction strategy should be strengthened. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Deepak Sharma Naveen Krishan Goel Dinesh Kumar Walia Meenal Madhukar Thakare Vanita Gupta Sandeep Mittal Source Type: research

Burden of dengue in Kerala using disability-adjusted life years from 2006 to 2016
Conclusions: The dengue-related DALY for the state of Kerala is lower than that of the global burden of disease due to lower mortality rates. Mortality reduction becomes the key to reducing burden, especially in areas of low incidence. The study also forms the benchmark for evaluating and implementing cost-effective measures for dengue control in the state. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Zinia T Nujum K Vijayakumar V Meenakshy M Saboora Beegum Source Type: research

Concordance between two versions of world health organization/international society of hypertension risk prediction chart and framingham risk score among postmenopausal women in a rural area of Bangladesh
Conclusion: In a low-resource setting, the “without” cholesterol version of WHO/ISH risk chart is a good option to detect and target the population with high CVD risk. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Lingkan Barua Mithila Faruque Palash Chandra Banik Liaquat Ali Source Type: research

Why tuberculosis patients under revised national tuberculosis control programme delay in health-care seeking ? A mixed-methods research from Wardha District, Maharashtra
Conclusions: Interventions for reducing the knowledge gap and stigma, increasing the accessibility of services, active case finding; capacity building of providers, quality assured sputum microscopy, and communication skills will help reduce these delays. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Anuj Mundra Pranali Kothekar Pradeep Ramrao Deshmukh Amol Dongre Source Type: research

Silent drivers of childhood obesity in India
Sanjay ChaturvediIndian Journal of Public Health 2019 63(2):91-93 (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Sanjay Chaturvedi Source Type: research

Toddy consumption and amoebic liver abscess in India: An unexplored link
Ramesh Kumar, Rajeev Nayan Priyadarshi, Utpal AnandIndian Journal of Public Health 2019 63(1):89-90 (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - March 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Ramesh Kumar Rajeev Nayan Priyadarshi Utpal Anand Source Type: research

Cyberbullying among late adolescent: A cross-sectional study in two higher secondary schools of Kolkata, West Bengal
The objective of the study was to determine the prevalence of being cyberbullied among late adolescent and to study the behavior and the attitude on cyberbullying. It was a cross-sectional study conducted on 254 school students (15–19 years). Data were collected by self-administered questionnaire, and results were analyzed using SPSS version 20. About 210 (82.7%) students were using any form of social networking site and out of which 22 (10.5%) students were cyberbullied. Among those who were cyberbullied, the majority (16 [72.7%]) had no opinion and more than half (15 [68.2%]) sought their friends...
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - March 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Saswati Mukherjee Debasish Sinha Abhishek De Raghunath Misra Amitabha Pal Tushar Kanti Mondal Source Type: research