Son preference, security concerns and crime against women: Expanding the public health discourse in India
This study has identified that the public health system needs to engage with the following aspects to counter the problem: counseling services to women and men around fertility choices; access/availability to contraceptive choices; engaging men and boys in developing a response against violence; gender-sensitive training and capacity building; access to sexual and reproductive rights awareness amongst girls, women, boys, and men; and health insurance for senior citizens. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 16, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Bijayalaxmi Nanda Nupur Ray Ritwika Mukherjee Source Type: research

MD/MS thesis as a training tool
Anwita Khaitan, Kiran Goswami, Shashi Kant, Sanjeev Kumar GuptaIndian Journal of Public Health 2020 64(2):201-203 As part of the MD/MS thesis, a postgraduate resident plans, conducts, analyses, and reports a research study under the guidance of the faculty members of the department. At the end of this process, the resident is expected to know the principles of conducting scientific research. Such an integral component of the resident's training program bears close examination. The thesis does help a resident plan a research study, collect and analyze data, and compile the results. However, lack of dedicated time for t...
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 16, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Anwita Khaitan Kiran Goswami Shashi Kant Sanjeev Kumar Gupta Source Type: research

Public health surveillance during Simhastha Kumbh, a religious mass gathering in Ujjain district, Madhya Pradesh, India, 2016
Pramod Goel, Meera Dhuria, Rajesh Yadav, Pradeep Khasnobis, Sheela Meena, Srinivas VenkateshIndian Journal of Public Health 2020 64(2):198-200 A daily surveillance for disease detection and response at the Simhastha Kumbh Mela, in Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh, April–May 2016, was established. Existing weekly reporting of the Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme (IDSP) was modified to report 17 diseases or events from 22 public hospitals and three private hospitals in Ujjain. Water samples were also tested for fecal contamination in areas reporting diarrhea. We identified 56,600 ill persons (92% from government ho...
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 16, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Pramod Goel Meera Dhuria Rajesh Yadav Pradeep Khasnobis Sheela Meena Srinivas Venkatesh Source Type: research

Using open-source data to explore distribution of built environment characteristics across Kerala, India
Conclusion: Delineating the distribution of built environment variables using available and open-source data in resource-poor settings is a first in public health research among LMICs. Cost-effectiveness and reproducible nature of open-source solutions could equip researchers in resource-poor settings to identify built environment characteristics and patterns across regions. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 16, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Joanna Sara Valson V Raman Kutty Biju Soman VT Jissa Source Type: research

Alcohol and cancer risk: A systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective Indian studies
Conclusion: The result from our meta-analysis supports our hypothesis that alcohol consumption increases the risk of cancer, implying immediate cessation of the habit for cancer risk reduction. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 16, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Hitesh Rajendra Singhavi Arjun Singh Atanu Bhattacharjee Sanjay Talole Rajesh Dikshit Pankaj Chaturvedi Source Type: research

The use of emergency contraceptive pills in India: A meta-analysis
Conclusion: The review highlights important research and program gaps. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 16, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Nikisha R Mehta Shrinivas S Darak Ritu S Parchure Source Type: research

Evaluation of vaccination coverage of measles-rubella campaign in Imphal East District, Manipur: A cross-sectional study
Conclusion: Vaccination coverage of only 68.8% highlighted the need for increased sensitization and involvement of local and religious leaders in generating necessary awareness for improved coverage of the campaign. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 16, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Bishwalata Rajkumari Avinash Keisam Danny Singh Haobam Tamphasana Thounaojam Source Type: research

Effectiveness of intravenous ferric carboxymaltose in improving hemoglobin level among postpartum women with moderate-to-severe anemia at a secondary care hospital in Faridabad, Haryana & #8211; An interventional study
Conclusion: Administration of FCM was safe and effective in the treatment of moderate-to-severe anemia among postpartum women. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 16, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Shashi Kant Ravneet Kaur Farhad Ahamed Archana Singh Sumit Malhotra Rakesh Kumar Source Type: research

Is calorie intake the fundamental driver of noncommunicable diseases in India & #8211; A systematic review
Conclusion: It is not just an increase in calories, but a trade-off between the demand for calories and the demand for healthy lifestyles determines the prevalence of NCDs. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 16, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Mitasha Singh Sunil Raina Mamta Parashar Ekta Gupta Shweta Goswami Manoj Kumar Gandhi Source Type: research

The relationship between parental religiosity and school age children & #39;s dietary behavior in Ningxia Province, China: A cross-sectional study
Conclusion: These findings suggest among those of Hui ethnicity, parental religious involvement may impact children's dietary behavior in a way that may affect their future health habits. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 16, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Yanxiao Wu Wenqing Ding Zhizhong Wang Harold G Koenig Saad Al Shohaib Source Type: research

Quality of life and its determinants among people living with HIV attending an antiretroviral treatment center in Delhi, India
Conclusion: Depression and social support mechanisms emerged as two key determinants of QOL. Older age, higher education, less advanced disease, and ART were predictive of better QOL. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 16, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: S Anuradha Ayush Mohan Makkar Pijush Kanti Nandi K Rajeshwari Source Type: research

Frequency, intensity, time, and type principle of physical activity as a medical disability prevention program in ethiopia: a mixed-method study
Conclusion: Applying the FITT principle of PA for the prevention of MD among practitioners was very poor. Training of health-care professionals to use PA as a program for MDs prevention is required at the undergraduate level as well as specialized courses on qualification. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 16, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: MD Kassa JM Grace Source Type: research

Bone health and its association with vitamin D and other covariates: A community-based study among women in a rural area of West Bengal
Conclusion: Serum Vitamin D levels are implicated to play a crucial role in bone metabolism; however, its effect on the body in accordance with other important hormones should be explored. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 16, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tania Pan Aparajita Dasgupta Bobby Paul Lina Bandyopadhyay Amal Titto V. Augustine Sweta Suman Source Type: research

Analyzing the disparities in the coverage of maternal and child health services: A district-level cross-sectional analysis of Jammu and Kashmir
Conclusion: Coverage of MCH services and socioeconomic development has a significant disparity in the districts of Jammu and Kashmir. Resource-rich and more urbanized districts are much ahead of the poor and less urbanized districts in terms of the usage of MCH services. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 16, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Mohd Taqi Susmita Sarkar Mohd Mazhar Ali Khan Source Type: research

Air pollution and weather as the determinants of acute attacks of asthma: Spatiotemporal approach
Conclusion: PM was found to increase the risk of exacerbation of asthma three folds. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 16, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Arun Kumar Sharma Sulabh Saini Pragti Chhabra Sunil Kumar Chhabra Chirashree Ghosh Palak Baliyan Source Type: research

A qualitative inquiry of adherence to antiretroviral therapy and its associated factors: A study with transgender women living with HIV in Indonesia
Conclusion: These findings indicate the need for the development of HIV/AIDS-related health service supporting system in health-care facilities and the dissemination of knowledge and information of HIV/AIDS and its related service for HIV-positive transgender women and other people living with HIV and general populations in other parts of the country and other similar settings globally. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 16, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Nelsensius Klau Fauk Maria Silvia Merry Atik Ambarwati Mitra Andhini Sigilipoe Ernawati Lillian Mwanri Source Type: research

Psychometric validation of geriatric depression scale & #8211; Short form among bengali-speaking elderly from a rural area of West Bengal: Application of item response theory
Conclusion: Psychometric properties of GDS-SF (Bengali) established overall construct and content validity of the tool in this community-based study. Despite some degree of DIF the tool can be used as a preliminary screening method in rural community. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 16, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Arista Lahiri Arup Chakraborty Source Type: research

Effectiveness of health education in reducing secondhand smoke exposure among pregnant women visiting the antenatal clinic in Saudi Arabia: A randomized controlled trial
Conclusion: Counselling of pregnant women, based on HBM, has insignificant effect in reducing their exposure to SHS; however it is effective in improving their knowledge and perception about SHS exposure. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 16, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Hayfaa A Wahabi Abeer Massis Amel A Fayed Samia A Esmaeil Source Type: research

COVID-19 pandemic: Are we witnessing the first world war ?
Sanjay ChaturvediIndian Journal of Public Health 2020 64(2):99-101 (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 16, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Sanjay Chaturvedi Source Type: research

Redefining and redesigning public health for the future
Rajesh KumarIndian Journal of Public Health 2020 64(2):97-98 (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 16, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Rajesh Kumar Source Type: research

List of Reviewers
Indian Journal of Public Health 2020 64(6):256-256 (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Epidemic diseases act 1897 to public health bill 2017: Addressing the epidemic challenges
Yogesh Bahurupi, Aprajita Mehta, Mahendra Singh, Pradeep Aggarwal, Surekha KishoreIndian Journal of Public Health 2020 64(6):253-255 (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Yogesh Bahurupi Aprajita Mehta Mahendra Singh Pradeep Aggarwal Surekha Kishore Source Type: research

COVID-19: Endangering women & #39;s mental and reproductive health
Pallavi Sharma, Shalini Sharma, Nilanchali SinghIndian Journal of Public Health 2020 64(6):251-252 (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Pallavi Sharma Shalini Sharma Nilanchali Singh Source Type: research

Psychological distress during COVID-19 among Malayalam-speaking Indian expats in the middle east
NA Uvais, Mohammed Jezeel Nalakath, P Shihabudheen, N A Bishurul Hafi, V Rasmina, CA SalmanIndian Journal of Public Health 2020 64(6):249-250 (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: NA Uvais Mohammed Jezeel Nalakath P Shihabudheen N A Bishurul Hafi V Rasmina CA Salman Source Type: research

Wastewater monitoring and public health surveillance of SARS-CoV-2
Kumar ManojIndian Journal of Public Health 2020 64(6):247-248 (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Kumar Manoj Source Type: research

Telepsychiatry during COVID-19: Some clinical, public health, and ethical dilemmas
Avinash De Sousa, Sagar KariaIndian Journal of Public Health 2020 64(6):245-246 (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Avinash De Sousa Sagar Karia Source Type: research

Indian response to COVID-19: Expertise and transparency
Anoop SarayaIndian Journal of Public Health 2020 64(6):243-244 (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Anoop Saraya Source Type: research

Containing the first outbreak of COVID-19 in a healthcare setting in India: The sree chitra experience
Gurpreet Singh, G Srinivas, EK Jyothi, LK Gayatri, Rakhal Gaitonde, Biju SomanIndian Journal of Public Health 2020 64(6):240-242 The response to the first health worker case in India and novel strategies adopted in the context of evolving pandemic of COVID-19 is presented here. On the same day of confirmation, institutional COVID cell was established, and contact tracing was started. A total of 184 contacts were identified and quarantined. Hospital services were scaled down, and responsibilities were reassigned. In-house digital platforms were used for daily meetings, contact tracing, line listing, risk stratification, an...
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Gurpreet Singh G Srinivas EK Jyothi LK Gayatri Rakhal Gaitonde Biju Soman Source Type: research

Concerns of Frontline Doctors in India during COVID-19: A Cross-Sectional Survey
Harshvardhan Singh, Shailja SharmaIndian Journal of Public Health 2020 64(6):237-239 A rapid cross-sectional survey was conducted across India among frontline allopathic doctors to know their prime concerns. Four hundred and five responses were received from 16 states and 3 union territories. Among doctors working in COVID-dedicated hospitals, 56.18% are formally trained for the same, and 40.5% of these are satisfied with the training. 47.3% of these have personal protective equipment (PPE) kits, 35.1% have no PPE kits, and 17.6% are not aware of their availability. 31.1% of doctors reported attend...
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Harshvardhan Singh Shailja Sharma Source Type: research

Factors affecting the adoption of telemedicine during COVID-19
The objective of this study is to identify the factors affecting the rate of adoption of telemedicine and effect of the COVID-19 on these factors. The research develops five hypotheses to test the influence of a disease outbreak on the rate of telemedicine adoption. The method used for the study is the Wilcoxon signed-rank test, and the sampling method used for the study is purposive sampling. The respondents were taken from a multispecialty clinic in North India and the sample size for the study is 43. The study concludes that patients are seeing more value in the use of telemedicine during COVID-19. They are more willing...
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Vinaytosh Mishra Source Type: research

Economics of COVID-19: challenges and the way forward for health policy during and after the pandemic
Shankar Prinja, Chandrakant S PandavIndian Journal of Public Health 2020 64(6):231-233 The emergence of novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic provides unique challenges for health system. While on the one hand, the government has to struggle with the strategies for control of COVID-19, on the other hand, other routine health services also need to be managed. Second, the infrastructure needs to be augmented to meet the potential epidemic surge of cases. Third, economic welfare and household income need to be guaranteed. All of these have complicated the routine ways in which the governments have dealt with var...
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Shankar Prinja Chandrakant S Pandav Source Type: research

How Indians responded to the Arogya Setu app ?
This study explores the experiences and expectations of Arogya Setu app users by conducting a combined content analysis of their reviews. Five hundred and three most relevant reviews were analyzed using the descriptive statistics and thematic analysis. The reviews are primarily posted in the areas of user acceptance (80%), app usefulness (72.8%), and app features (62.2%). The thematic analysis resulted in four themes: user acceptance, app usefulness, promptness of the Indian Government in bringing the app on time, and concerns and cautions raised by the users. These help in strengthening the app features enabli...
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Prakash Babu Kodali Sibasis Hense Swarajya Kopparty Gangadhar Rao Kalapala Banashri Haloi Source Type: research

Rational use of face mask in a tertiary care hospital setting during COVID-19 pandemic: An observational study
Sakshi Supehia, Vanya Singh, Twinkle Sharma, Meenakshi Khapre, Puneet Kumar GuptaIndian Journal of Public Health 2020 64(6):225-227 Masks play a role in the protection of health-care workers (HCWs) from acquiring respiratory infections, including coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in health-care settings. This observational study was conducted among 382 HCWs in a tertiary care setting over a period of 1 month. Descriptive analysis was done to assess the rational and recommended use of masks/respirators during COVID-19 pandemic using a structured observation checklist as a survey tool. A total of 374 HCWs were included, 6...
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Sakshi Supehia Vanya Singh Twinkle Sharma Meenakshi Khapre Puneet Kumar Gupta Source Type: research

COVID-19-Hospitalized Patients in Karnataka: Survival and Stay Characteristics
Vinayak Mishra, Ajit Deo Burma, Sumit Kumar Das, Mohana Balan Parivallal, Senthil Amudhan, Girish N RaoIndian Journal of Public Health 2020 64(6):221-224 The information on the clinical course of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and its correlates which are essential to assess the hospital care needs of the population are currently limited. We investigated the factors associated with hospital stay and death for COVID-19 patients for the entire state of Karnataka, India. A retrospective-cohort analysis was conducted on 445 COVID-19 patients that were reported in the publicly available media-bulletin from March 9, 2020, ...
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Vinayak Mishra Ajit Deo Burma Sumit Kumar Das Mohana Balan Parivallal Senthil Amudhan Girish N Rao Source Type: research

COVID-19 epidemiology: Through the eyes of vernacular newspapers
BN Mahima, Hemant Kr Tiwari, Payel Mahapatra, Senthil Amudhan, Girish N RaoIndian Journal of Public Health 2020 64(6):217-220 Media plays an indispensable role in society to influence health literacy. To document COVID-19 coverage in Kannada daily newspapers, hardcopies of 455 editions were methodically reviewed. Content analysis and data coding of 11 of the possible 60 terms/concepts related to COVID-19 epidemiology, was undertaken. Across dailies, five different dimensions in reporting documented: reporting of statistics – both numbers and manner of reporting, reporting of epidemiological concepts/terms (frequency...
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: BN Mahima Hemant Kr Tiwari Payel Mahapatra Senthil Amudhan Girish N Rao Source Type: research

Assessing health systems & #39; responsiveness in tackling COVID-19 pandemic
Sutapa Bandyopadhyay Neogi, GS PreethaIndian Journal of Public Health 2020 64(6):211-216 Health systems' responsiveness is the key to addressing infectious disease threats such as pandemics. The article outlines an assessment of health systems based on World Health Organization's building blocks for select countries. It also compares these with the findings from a more comprehensive analysis of Global Health Security (GHS) Index, which assesses the preparedness of the health system for such pandemics. The GHS report (2019) spelt out very objectively that none of the countries of the world was prepared to effective...
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Sutapa Bandyopadhyay Neogi GS Preetha Source Type: research

Knowledge, attitude, and practices related to COVID-19 pandemic among social media users in J & #38;K, India
Conclusion: Our study showed that the respondents have exhibited good knowledge, positive attitude and sensible practices regarding covid-19 during the pandemic. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Sabira Aalia Dkhar Ruqia Quansar Sheikh Mohd Saleem S Muhammad Salim Khan Source Type: research

Development and Initial Validation of the COVID-19 Anxiety Scale
Conclusion: CAS is a rapidly administrable, valid, and reliable tool that can be used to measure COVID-19-related anxiety among the Indian population. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Viswa Chaitanya Chandu Srinivas Pachava Viswanath Vadapalli Yamuna Marella Source Type: research

Facemasks for prevention of viral respiratory infections in community settings: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Conclusion: Existing data pooled from randomized controlled trials do not reveal a reduction in occurrence of ILI with the use of facemask alone in community settings. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Nishant Aggarwal Vignesh Dwarakanathan Nitesh Gautam Animesh Ray Source Type: research

Distribution and growth rate of COVID-19 outbreak in Tamil Nadu: A log-linear regression approach
Conclusion: The results indicate that the outbreak is showing decay in the number of infections of the disease which highlights the effectiveness of controlling measures. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Adhin Bhaskar Chinnaiyan Ponnuraja Ramalingam Srinivasan Srinivasan Padmanaban Source Type: research

An epidemiological study of laboratory confirmed COVID-19 cases admitted in a tertiary care hospital of Pune, Maharashtra
Conclusion: Mortality was higher than the national average of 3.2%; comorbidity was associated with bad prognosis. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Muralidhar Parashuram Tambe Malangori A Parande Vinay S Tapare Pradip S Borle Rajesh N Lakde Sangita C Shelke BJMC COVID Epidemiology group Source Type: research

Insights from COVID-19 cluster containment in Bhilwara District, Rajasthan
Conclusion: The forthcoming challenge resides in re-establishment of inter-district and inter-state travel, which can become a risk of re-entry of the new cases, which needs to be taken care of, with the help of stringent administrative measures and screening at all points of entry. The team in Bhilwara needs to remain vigilant to pick up any imported cases early before local transmission establishes. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Badrilal Meghwal Shyambhavee Behera Akshay C Dhariwal Deepak Saxena Rommel Singh Sanjiv Kumar Source Type: research

Impact of lockdown following COVID-19 on the gaming behavior of college students
Conclusion: In the lockdown period following COVID-19 pandemic, the increase in gaming behavior was associated with examination-related stress and the belief that gaming helps combat stress. These observations highlight the need to focus on the coping style of the students to ascertain the likelihood of them engaging in gaming behavior as a coping mechanism against stress. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Yatan Pal Singh Balhara Dheeraj Kattula Swarndeep Singh Surekha Chukkali Rachna Bhargava Source Type: research

COVID-19 and lockdown: Insights from Mumbai
Conclusion: The study suggests that the virus had already spread to the community in Mumbai before the lockdown started. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Kanchan Mukherjee Source Type: research

Effectiveness of preventive measures against COVID-19: A systematic review of In Silico modeling studies in indian context
Conclusion: Although there is mathematical rationality behind implementation of social distancing measures including lockdown, this study also emphasised the importance of other associated measures like increasing tests and increasing the number of hospital and ICU beds. The later components are particularly important during the social mixing period to be observed after lifting of lockdown. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Arista Lahiri Sweety Suman Jha Saikat Bhattacharya Soumalya Ray Arup Chakraborty Source Type: research

Genome analysis of SARS-CoV-2 isolates occurring in India: Present scenario
Conclusion: An attempt was made to understand the SARS-CoV-2 virus reported from India. SARS-CoV-2 reported from India was closely similar to other SARS-CoV-2 reported from other parts of the world, which suggests that vaccines and other therapeutic methods generated from other countries might work well in India. In addition, available sequence data suggest that majority of Indian isolates are capable of high transmission and virulence. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Ragunathan Devendran Manish Kumar Supriya Chakraborty Source Type: research

Impact of nonpharmacological interventions on COVID-19 transmission dynamics in India
Conclusion: India's early response, especially stringent lockdown, has slowed COVID-19 epidemic. Increased testing, intensive case-based surveillance and containment efforts, modulated movement restrictions while protecting the vulnerable population, and continuous monitoring of transmission dynamics should be a way forward in the absence of effective treatment, vaccine, and undetermined postinfection immunity. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Purvi Patel Aditya Athotra TP Vaisakh Tanzin Dikid Sudhir Kumar Jain NCDC COVID Incident Management Team Source Type: research

Significance of super spreader events in COVID-19
Sanjiv Kumar, Shreya Jha, Sanjay Kumar RaiIndian Journal of Public Health 2020 64(6):139-141 The number of secondary cases from each primary case determines how fast an epidemic grows. It is known that all cases do not spread the infection equally; super spreaders play an important role as they contribute disproportionately to a much larger number of cases including in the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. Super spreaders have been reported for more than a century, but limited information is available in scientific literature. An epidemic containment strategy needs to include early identification of super spreaders to limit an e...
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Sanjiv Kumar Shreya Jha Sanjay Kumar Rai Source Type: research

COVID-19 in India: Making a case for the one health surveillance system
Sandul Yasobant, Krupali Patel, Deepak Saxena, Timo FalkenbergIndian Journal of Public Health 2020 64(6):135-138 Pandemics like COVID-19 warrant an urgent implementation of the one health surveillance (OHS) system to the focus on multisectoral, multidisciplinary, multi-institutional, and multispecialty coordination, in all aspects of the response to outbreaks that might involve humans, animals, and their environment. The Indian system so far has evolved in conducting surveillance and monitoring of parameters within the domain of human health, animal health, and the environment, but in silos. This commentary piece provides...
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Sandul Yasobant Krupali Patel Deepak Saxena Timo Falkenberg Source Type: research

Air pollution and COVID-19: Is the connect worth its weight ?
Arun Kumar Sharma, Palak BalyanIndian Journal of Public Health 2020 64(6):132-134 Primary route of transmission of SARS-CoV-2 among humans is droplets and direct contact. Airborne transmission of this virus is not established conclusively and so is the role of airborne particulate matter. This commentary examines the existing evidence about the role of particulate matter pollutants in SARS-CoV-2 transmission. PM2.5and other small particulate matter have been shown to carry viable virus particles in the air and incriminated in spread of measles and SARS coronavirus. Empirical evidence has been provided regarding role of ai...
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Arun Kumar Sharma Palak Balyan Source Type: research