Legends in Orthopedics: Prof. A K Gupta
Bhavuk GargIndian Journal of Orthopaedics 2019 53(4):582-582 (Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics - June 17, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Bhavuk Garg Source Type: research

Knee osteoarthritis: Clinical update
Krishna Mohan IyerIndian Journal of Orthopaedics 2019 53(4):581-581 (Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics - June 17, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Krishna Mohan Iyer Source Type: research

Synchondrosis bither block: A new addition in the diagnosis of symptomatic bipartite patella
This article defines the synchondrosis block to assist the surgeon in isolating the source of pain to bipartite fragment in symptomatic knee. (Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics - June 17, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Nitin Bither Source Type: research

Refractory tietze & #39;s syndrome occurring after lumbar spine surgery in prone position
Viswanadha Arun Kumar, J Naresh BabuIndian Journal of Orthopaedics 2019 53(4):574-577Positional complications in spine surgery are not uncommon. Commonly encountered complications include ocular and aural, other than musculoskeletal injuries. However, development of Tietze's syndrome due to malpositioning has not been reported till date. A 40-year-old male patient presented with postlaminectomy syndrome, for which posterior pedicle screw fixation and fusion was performed. Postoperatively, patient complained of new-onset pain associated with redness and swelling at parasternal region. After thorough radiological investi...
Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics - June 17, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Viswanadha Arun Kumar J Naresh Babu Source Type: research

Radiomorphological manifestations of femoral and tibial cortical bones at different stages of limb lengthening
Conclusion: Cortical bone of the femur and tibia in patients with limb length discrepancy and bone deformity of various etiologies showed various preoperative local densities of external, internal, and osteon layers. The cortical bone demonstrated heterogenic structures with resorption areas of various magnitude and density, with minimal values at the boundary with regenerate bone during distraction and fixation with frame on and at short-term followup. Complete organotypical restructuring of the bone was shown to occur at a 1-to-3-year followup depending on the etiology of the disease and amount of lengthening performed. ...
Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics - June 17, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Galina Viktorovna Diachkova Konstantin Igorevich Novikov Konstantin Aleksandrovich Diachkov Rajesh Rohilla Jitendra Wadhwani Source Type: research

Kinetic and kinematic analysis of gait in type IV osteogenesis imperfecta patients: A comparative study
Conclusion: This information may be useful in developing a better understanding of pathological gait in type IV OI subjects, which ultimately helps the design of subject-specific implants, surgical preplanning, and rehabilitation. (Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics - June 17, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Subham Badhyal Sandip R Dhole Nirmal Raj Gopinathan Mandeep Singh Dhillon Vandana Dhiman Anshu Dhar Jayal Jitendra Prasad Source Type: research

Results of rodding and impact on ambulation and refracture in osteogenesis imperfecta: Study of 21 children
Conclusions: Intramedullary rodding treatment for recurrent fractures in children with OI improves their mobility potential. It also and prevents repeated cast application, disuse wasting, and osteopenia which can lead to deterioration in the quality of the long bones. (Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics - June 17, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Atul R Bhaskar Deepak Khurana Source Type: research

Greater trochanter apophysiodesis in Legg & #8211;Calve & #8211;Perthes disease: Which implant to choose ?
Conclusions: In this study group, GTA using screw and screw washer methods could slow down but did not restore trochanteric overgrowth. We suggest using washer to reduce embedding of the screw. (Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics - June 17, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Evren Akpinar Osman Nuri Ozyalvac Ilhan Avni Bayhan Kubilay Beng Ahmet Kocabiyik Mehmet Firat Yagmurlu Source Type: research

A comparison study of three posterior fixation strategies in transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion lumbar for the treatment of degenerative diseases
Conclusion: UPSFS with TLIF is a viable treatment option that provides satisfactory clinical results; the clinical outcome and the complication rate were comparable to BPS. In addition, the invasive of UPSFS cases was comparable to UPS and better than BPS cases. For UPS, it could be used in suitable patients. (Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics - June 17, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Yong Hu Bing-Ke Zhu Christopher K Kepler Zhen-Shan Yuan Wei-Xin Dong Xiao-Yang Sun Source Type: research

Therapeutic impact of percutaneous pedicle screw fixation on palliative surgery for metastatic spine tumors
Conclusions: For patients with early-stage metastatic spine tumors, the use of PPS-based posterior stabilization combined with multidisciplinary adjuvant therapy has changed the age range of the patients indicated for surgery and caused significant improvements in surgical stress, postoperative survival time, and Barthel index. (Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics - June 17, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Hiroshi Uei Yasuaki Tokuhashi Source Type: research

A prospective study of clinicoradiologic-urodynamic correlation in patients with tuberculosis of the spine
Conclusion: Significant bladder comorbidity is associated with spinal TB and its presence can be recognized as a poor prognostic factor. Urological morbidity is strongly linked to the nerve root and posterior element involvement; reduction in disc height; and end plate erosion. Clinical/neurological improvement correlates with marked radiological and urological improvement. (Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics - June 17, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Roop Singh Milind Tanwar Santosh Singh Rajesh Kumar Rohilla Source Type: research

Management of combined atlas fracture with type II odontoid fracture: A review of 21 cases
Conclusions: We outlined our concluding management principle for the treatment of C1-type II odontoid fractures based on the nature of C1 fracture and atlantoaxial stability. The treatment principle can obtain satisfactory results for the management of C1-type II odontoid fractures. (Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics - June 17, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Zhong-Sheng Zhao Guang-Wen Wu Jie Lin Ying-Sheng Zhang Yan-Feng Huang Zhi-Da Chen Bin Lin Chun-Song Zheng Source Type: research

Outcome evaluation of modified uninstrumented open-door cervical laminoplasty for ossified posterior longitudinal ligament with cervical myelopathy
Conclusion: Uninstrumented ODCL is an easily reproducible and economical alternative to the standard instrumented laminoplasty with equivalent short term outcomes. This technique is a valuable option in the treatment of cervical OPLL, especially in regions with scarce resources. (Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics - June 17, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Charanjit Singh Dhillon Shrikant Rajeshwari Ega Raviraj Tantry Narendra Reddy Medagam Nilay Chhasatia Chetan Pophale Anand Khatavi Source Type: research

The radiologic and clinical outcomes of oblique lateral interbody fusion for correction of adult degenerative lumbar deformity
Conclusions: OLIF gives favorable short term clinical and radiological outcomes in patients of ADLD. It could potentially reduce the need for morbid pelvic fixation and posterior osteotomies in patients with degenerative lumbar deformity. (Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics - June 17, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Ravish Shammi Patel Seung Woo Suh Seong Hyun Kang Ki-Youl Nam Shiblee Sabir Siddiqui Dong-Gune Chang Jae Hyuk Yang Source Type: research

A comparison of clinical and functional outcomes following anterior, posterior, and combined approaches for the management of cervical spondylotic myelopathy
Conclusions: Outcomes are excellent following surgery for CSM. The best recovery is seen in patients with mild to moderate functional disability at the time of surgery. (Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics - June 17, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Gautam R Zaveri Nitin Parmeshwarlal Jaiswal Source Type: research

Rising to the challenge: Spinal ailments in India
Harvinder Singh ChhabraIndian Journal of Orthopaedics 2019 53(4):489-492 (Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics - June 17, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Harvinder Singh Chhabra Source Type: research

Prof. HKT Raza (1956-2019)
Jamal AshrafIndian Journal of Orthopaedics 2019 53(3):488-488 (Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics - April 18, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Jamal Ashraf Source Type: research

Legend of Indian Orthopedics: Prof. (Dr.) Bimalendu Das
Raju Vaishya, Ved Prakash MiddhaIndian Journal of Orthopaedics 2019 53(3):486-487 (Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics - April 18, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Raju Vaishya Ved Prakash Middha Source Type: research

Late-onset paraplegia in old healed spinal tuberculosis due to traumatic fracture of fusion mass & #8211; A rare case report
J Naresh Babu, Viswanadha Arun KumarIndian Journal of Orthopaedics 2019 53(3):482-485 The natural healing of spinal tuberculosis occurs by spontaneous fusion of vertebral bodies with or without kyphotic deformity. Late-onset paraplegia secondary to the fracture of fusion mass in tuberculosis is one of the rare conditions which have not been extensively reported. A 56-year-old male patient sustained road traffic accident was diagnosed with a fracture of fusion mass in already healed tuberculosis. He was presented with weakness in both the lower limbs with ASIA-C grading of spinal cord injury. He was treated with posterior ...
Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics - April 18, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: J Naresh Babu Viswanadha Arun Kumar Source Type: research

Proximal femoral erosion: A sequelae of psuedoaneursym formation following operative fixation of an intertrochanteric neck of femur fracture
Surjit S Lidder, Daniel J Epstein, Victoria Courtice, Marc D GeorgeIndian Journal of Orthopaedics 2019 53(3):479-481A 72-year-old male sustained a left intertrochanteric neck of femur fracture following a fall. He underwent operative fixation with a dynamic hip screw and was discharged home. Fifteen months later, the patient presented again with ongoing left thigh pain and swelling. A pelvic radiograph showed scalloping of the medial proximal femoral cortex. Further investigation revealed a left profunda femoris artery pseudoaneurysm. Vascular injury during operative fixation of intratrochanteric fractures is a rare compli...
Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics - April 18, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Surjit S Lidder Daniel J Epstein Victoria Courtice Marc D George Source Type: research

Fixation of posterior tibial plateau fracture with additional posterior plating improves early rehabilitation and patient satisfaction
Conclusion: Addition of posterior approach for stabilization of the posterior fragment in posterior tibial plateau fractures achieves early and improved knee functions, good range of movements, minimal deformities, and pain scores by the time fracture unites. However, peri-operative morbidity, Extra implant costs and increased operative time are its disadvantages. (Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics - April 18, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Shivam Sinha Mahipat Singh Shyam K Saraf Amit Rastogi Alok K Rai Tej Bali Singh Source Type: research

Lateral clavicle fractures with coracoclavicular ligament disruption (Neer & #39;s Type IIB): Review of literature and a new technique for all-suture fixation
Conclusion: This is a reproducible and efficient technique that provides comparable results with other established procedures at a fraction of the cost of the next cheapest implant. It is recommended for the treatment of displaced Type II clavicle fractures. Level of Evidence: Level IV. (Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics - April 18, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Praveen Sarda Source Type: research

Hyaluronic acid-based mesh add-on iliac autograft improves bone healing and functional outcomes in atrophic nonunion of clavicular midshaft: A 2-year followup
Conclusions: HA-based mesh application added on the iliac wing autografting with ALP fixation may be an efficacious alternative for atrophic nonunion of clavicular midshaft. (Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics - April 18, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Mustafa Caglar Kir Source Type: research

Role of fat graft alone versus enriched fat graft with stromal vascular filtrate in painful amputation stump
Conclusion: Autologous fat grafting is a viable and minimally invasive solution for painful amputation stump. Enrichment of fat graft with SVF can enhance its viability over long term. This study was done as a pilot project. Hence, further long term studies with large sample size are needed to ascertain the benefits observed in this study. (Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics - April 18, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Parvesh Malik Sunil Gaba Chirag Ahuja Ratti Ram Sharma Ramesh K Sharma N Khandelwal Source Type: research

Role of arthroscopic surgery in degenerative knees with mechanical symptoms
Conclusion: We recommend arthroscopic surgery in patients with degenerative knees, with mechanical symptoms and acute exacerbation of symptoms, not amenable to conservative measures. (Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics - April 18, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Ravi Gupta Anubhav Malhotra Aditya Singla Ashwani Soni Sudhir Kumar Garg Dinesh Kumar Walia Source Type: research

Age and body mass index has no adverse effect on clinical outcome of unicompartmental knee replacement - Midterm followup study
Conclusion: This study confirms that age and BMI does not influence the functional outcome and clinical outcome following fixed bearing UKR. (Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics - April 18, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Hemanth Kumar Venkatesh Shanmuga S Maheswaran Source Type: research

Temporal value of c-reactive protein and erythrocyte sedimentation rate after total knee arthroplasty in patients with elevated preoperative c-reactive protein: A matched-pair analysis
Conclusions: When performing TKA in patients with elevated preoperative CRP, the fact that the levels of CRP and ESR may not be normalized until 2 months after surgery should be considered during followup. (Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics - April 18, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Seung Ah Lee Seung-Baik Kang Chan Yoon Chong Bum Chang Moon Jong Chang Jai Gon Seo Source Type: research

The international knee documentation committee score indicates midterm patient satisfaction with outcomes after meniscal allograft transplantation
Conclusions: The study results support the importance of patient-reported subjective outcomes in terms of patient satisfaction following a surgical procedure. Regarding MAT, the IKDC outcome score reflects patient satisfaction. Level of evidence: Level III. (Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics - April 18, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Jeong Ku Ha Yoon Seok Kim Min Soo Kwon Kyu Sung Chung Sang Bum Kim Jin Goo Kim Source Type: research

The effect of renal transplantation in end-stage renal failure patients undergoing total hip replacement
Conclusion: ESRF patients who undergo THR experience improvements in functional outcome regardless of transplant status. There was no significant difference in postoperative functional outcomes between the two groups of patients, but patients with renal transplants are less likely to experience postoperative complications and have better survival. (Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics - April 18, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Winston Shang Rong Lim Kelvin Guoping Tan Andy Khye Soon Yew Seng Jin Yeo Source Type: research

Outcomes of core decompression with or without nonvascularized fibular grafting in avascular necrosis of femoral head: Short term followup study
Conclusion: CD with or without fibular grafting is effective in preserving the sphericity of the femoral head and to delay the progression of the AVN of femoral head in the early stages, that is, Stage 1 and Stage 2 and aids in the early revascularization of ischemic femoral head and is a useful modality to negate or delay the requirement of THA. (Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics - April 18, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Sumanth Lakshminarayana Ish Kumar Dhammi Anil K Jain Himanshu Bhayana Sapan Kumar Rahul Anshuman Source Type: research

The effect of intensive abductor strengthening on postoperative muscle efficiency ands functional ability of hip-fractured patients: A randomized controlled trial
Conclusions: Compared to the standard physiotherapy intervention, the intensive abductor-strengthening program significantly increased both abductors' isometric strength of the fractured hip and abductor ratio% and resulted in patients' enhanced functional level. Clinical Trial Identifier: ISRCTN30713542. (Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics - April 18, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Sophia Stasi George Papathanasiou Efstathios Chronopoulos Ismene A Dontas Ioannis P Baltopoulos Nikolaos A Papaioannou Source Type: research

Efficacy of different posterior capsulotomies on dislocations in hip hemiarthroplasty: T-shaped capsulotomy versus longitudinal capsulotomy
Conclusion: Capsule integrity can be achieved through a strong capsule repair which is possible through hemiarthroplasty with longitudinal capsulotomy. Longitudinal capsulotomy is an effective technique in preventing dislocations following hip hemiarthroplasty. (Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics - April 18, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Ahmet Yilmaz Source Type: research

Evaluation of functional outcome of arthroscopic rotator cuff repair using southern california orthopedic institute technique
Conclusion: We conclude that the SCOI single-row technique proves to be a good and effective modality of treatment in the arthroscopic management of small-to-medium-sized rotator cuff tears. In Indian population, considering cost-effectiveness, single-row repair of rotator cuff tears using SCOI technique can be an interesting option in its management. (Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics - April 18, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Nilesh Kamat Ankur Parikh Parth Agrawal Source Type: research

Relation between hypertrophy of teres minor muscle and external rotation lag sign in patients with rotator cuff pathology
Conclusion: ERLS will be negative in patients with hypertrophy of TM in the setting of posterosuperior cuff tears. There is a strong correlation between cuff tears and hypertrophy of TM muscle, which helps in better prognosis and functional outcome of the patients treated with surgical intervention. (Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics - April 18, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Sandeep Vella A Srinivasa Rao Source Type: research

Clinical and structural outcomes after arthroscopic repair of medium- to massive-sized delaminated and nondelaminated rotator cuff tears
Conclusions: A weak linear correlation between delamination and increasing size of the tear was noted. Although overall structural and clinical outcome is no different between two groups, the clinical outcomes of completely healed tear are better than partially healed ones. Level of Evidence: Level III, Retrospective comparative. (Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics - April 18, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Vivek Pandey CJ Joseph Naveen J Mathai Kiran KV Acharya Lakshmikanth H Karegowda W Jaap Willems Source Type: research

Formatting references for scientific manuscripts
Srinivas BS Kambhampati, Lalit MainiIndian Journal of Orthopaedics 2019 53(3):381-383 (Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics - April 18, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Srinivas BS Kambhampati Lalit Maini Source Type: research

Three-dimensional-printed polyether ether ketone implants for orthopedics
Abid Haleem, Mohd Javaid, Abhishek Vaish, Raju VaishyaIndian Journal of Orthopaedics 2019 53(2):377-379 (Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics - February 22, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Abid Haleem Mohd Javaid Abhishek Vaish Raju Vaishya Source Type: research

Concurrent index-to-little finger dorsal dislocations of the carpometacarpal joints with carpal bone fractures
Ki-Tae Na, Sang-Uk Lee, Sun-Young Joo, Jin-Young NhoIndian Journal of Orthopaedics 2019 53(2):374-376A 32-year-old man presented with simultaneous dorsal dislocations of the index-to-little finger carpometacarpal (CMC) joint with carpal bone fractures. Closed reduction was unsuccessful even after general anesthesia. During open dorsal approach, we found interposed joint capsule in the CMC joints and after removal of the joint capsule open reduction was easily achieved. We placed four Kirschner wires through the CMC joint. Furthermore, the fractured dorsal fragments of the trapezoid and hamate were fixed with mini screw in ...
Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics - February 22, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Ki-Tae Na Sang-Uk Lee Sun-Young Joo Jin-Young Nho Source Type: research

Results of supracondylar & #8220;V & #8221; osteotomy for the correction of genu valgum deformity
Conclusion: This osteotomy along with the fixation with K-wires is a safe, effective, reproducible technique with a short learning curve and a procedure requiring no repeat surgery for implant removal, with good functional results, and without major complications. (Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics - February 22, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Rahul Ranjan Alok Sud Rajesh Kumar Kanojia Lakshay Goel Suresh Chand Abhinav Sinha Source Type: research

Transplantation of a free vascularized joint flap from the second toe for the acute reconstruction of defects in the thumb and other fingers
Conclusion: A free vascularized joint flap from the second toe can be transplanted to repair defects in the thumb and other fingers. This technique can be applied to recover the appearance and function of fingers. (Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics - February 22, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Jihui Ju Lei Li Ruixing Hou Source Type: research

Ulnar nerve innervation to triceps: A cadaveric study and a technical note on partial triceps to biceps transfer
Conclusion: This study reveals the presence of dual nerve innervation to triceps in 43.8% of the Indian population. The clinical implication would be to look for the possible contribution of the ulnar nerve fascicle to the medial head of triceps, which will help us to include the medial head along with the long head of triceps while performing partial triceps-to-biceps tendon transfer, and the other use would be as a donor fascicle when performing a nerve transfer. (Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics - February 22, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Darshan Kumar A Jain Sathish T Kumar Naresh Shetty Source Type: research

The effects of nerve and tendon gliding exercises combined with low-level laser or ultrasound therapy in carpal tunnel syndrome
Conclusions: The results of this study may suggest the clinical efficacy of LLLT or ultrasound combined with gliding exercises in patients with mild to moderate CTS. (Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics - February 22, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Zuzanna Bartkowiak Ma & #322;gorzata Eliks Ma & #322;gorzata Zgorzalewicz-Stachowiak Leszek Romanowski Source Type: research

Intermittent parathyroid hormone injection can decrease femoral head collapse in the vascular deprivation of rat femoral head model
Conclusion: Intermittent PTH injection could decrease bone resorption and improve bone density, compared to the control group, in vascular deprivation of the femoral head in a rat model. High-level intermittent PTH injection had a better effect than low-level intermittent PTH injection. (Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics - February 22, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Chih-Wei Chiang Wei-Chuan Chen Chian-Her Lee Chih-Hwa Chen Source Type: research

The & #8220;Gastrocnemius & #8211;Achilles Tendon & #8211;Calcaneus complex & #8221;: Different responses after percutaneous versus vulpius achilles tendon lengthening in New Zealand white rabbits
Conclusions: Although PATL leads to greater improvement in dorsal or anterior flexion (TT angle) of the rabbit ankle compared to VATL, it has negative effects on functional outcome as it reduces the contractile capacity of the rabbit muscle unit, ultimately impairing the ability to ambulate and jump. (Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics - February 22, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Federico Canavese Davide Barbetta Bartolomeo Canavese Alain Dimeglio Source Type: research

Management of acquired compressive myelopathy due to spinal fluorosis
Conclusion: Skeletal survey along with computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging is cost-effective modality for the screening/diagnosis for fluorosis. Once developed, surgery, either curative or palliative, is the best treatment at crippling stage of the disease. (Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics - February 22, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Jayprakash V Modi Kirtan V Tankshali Zulfikar M Patel Bhavya H Shah Abhishek K Gol Source Type: research

Prospective analysis of functional outcome of single-stage surgical treatment for symptomatic tandem spinal stenosis
Conclusion: Symptomatic TSS can be safely managed by single-stage surgical intervention with good postoperative results or without a significant increase in complication rates. Single-stage surgical intervention helps to relieve the symptoms of both cervical and lumbar spinal cord compression, avoids the risk of repeated anesthesia, reduce the duration of surgery, repeated hospitalization hence, reducing the cost for hospitalization and also reducing the rehabilitation, recuperation time and early functional recovery justifies single-stage surgical intervention. (Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics - February 22, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Manoj Dayalal Singrakhia Nikhil Ramdas Malewar Sonal Deshmukh Shivaji S Deshmukh Source Type: research

The use of preoperative and intraoperative pavlov ratio to predict the risk of postoperative C5 palsy after expansive open-door laminoplasty for cervical myelopathy
Conclusions: The preoperative Pavlov ratio <0.65 at the C5 level was more likely to develop the postoperative C5 palsy. When the preoperative Pavlov ratio is <0.65, the postoperative Pavlov ratio ≥1.01 at the C5 level is a reliable predictor for the development of postoperative C5 palsy. Pavlov ratio may be one of the reasons for postoperative C5 palsy. (Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics - February 22, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Bingjin Wang Weifang Liu Zengwu Shao Xianlin Zeng Source Type: research

Morphometric study of lower end femur by using helical computed tomography
Conclusions: The current study highlights the need to develop components and implants for use in TKA and fractures of distal femur keeping the age- and sex-specific anatomical features of people of different ethnic origins in view. (Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics - February 22, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Bhanu Awasthi Sunil Kumar Raina Vivek Negi Narvir Singh Chauhan Sandeep Kalia Source Type: research

Double bundle versus single bundle reconstruction in the treatment of posterior cruciate ligament injury: A prospective comparative study
Conclusions: Compared with the SB technique, the DB technique did not exhibit any superiority in knee stability or clinical outcomes. (Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics - February 22, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Mai Xu Qiliang Zhang Shiyou Dai Xueren Teng Yuxin Liu Zhenhua Ma Source Type: research

New instrumentation improves patient satisfaction and component positioning for mobile-bearing medial unicompartmental knee replacement
Conclusion: Microplasty instrumentation helps the surgeon achieve optimal component positioning and reduces the need for tibial recut. The clinical outcomes are also better with the Microplasty instrumentation. (Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics - February 22, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Rajesh Malhotra Vijay Kumar Naman Wahal Arnaud Clav & #233; James A Kennedy David W Murray Hemant Pandit Source Type: research