Co-Existence of hypertension worsens post-exercise cardiac autonomic recovery in type 2 diabetes
The objective of the study was to investigate the effect of co-existence of HTN on cardiac autonomic recovery (assessed by heart rate recovery and heart rate variability) in patients with T2DM.MethodsForty eight type 2 diabetic patients (24 normotensive, 24 hypertensive), 24 non-diabetic patients with essential HTN, and 27 healthy controls, were recruited into the study and assessed for heart rate recovery (HRR) following a graded maximal test. Also, heart rate variability (HRV) was recorded before and following the bout of maximal exercise.ResultsHeart rate recovery at 1 (HRR1min) and 2 (HRR2min) minute(s) showed signific...
Source: Indian Heart Journal - July 19, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Adaptation of 2016 European Society of Cardiology/European Atherosclerosis Society guideline for lipid management to Indian patients – A consensus document
Publication date: Available online 18 July 2018Source: Indian Heart JournalAuthor(s): Saumitra Ray, J.P.S. Sawhney, M.K. Das, Jyoti Deb, Peeyush Jain, Sivakadaksham Natarajan, K.K. SinhaAbstractIn the year 2016, European Society of Cardiology/European Atherosclerosis Society (ESC/EAS) guidelines provided recommendations on dyslipidemia management. The recommendation from these guidelines are restricted to European subcontinent. To adapt the updated recommendations for Indian subset of dyslipidemia, a panel of experts in management of dyslipidemia provided their expert opinions. This document provides expert consensus on ad...
Source: Indian Heart Journal - July 19, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Prognostic value of blood count parameters in patients with acute coronary syndrome
Publication date: March–April 2018Source: Indian Heart Journal, Volume 70, Issue 2Author(s): Arsalan Majeed Adam, Ather Hasan Rizvi, Amna Haq, Rabia Naseem, Aiman Rehan, Ali Tariq Shaikh, Abdul Haseeb Abbas, Ansab Godil, Arif Ali, Muhammad Saad Ali Mallick, Muhammad Shahzeb Khan, Muhammad Nawaz LashariAbstractBackgroundRecent studies have shown that complete blood count (CBC) parameters can effectively predict long-term mortality and re-infarction rates in acute coronary syndrome (ACS). However, the role of these parameters in predicting short term mortality has not been studied extensively. The main objective of thi...
Source: Indian Heart Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Assessment of periodontitis and its role in viridans streptococcal bacteremia and infective endocarditis
ConclusionsPeriodontitis enhances viridans streptococcal bacteremia and may be a potential risk factor for IE. (Source: Indian Heart Journal)
Source: Indian Heart Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Estimating the prevalence of elevated plasma neutrophil gelatinase associated lipocalin level in patients with acute coronary syndromes and its association with outcomes
ConclusionThis is a small study that shows that plasma NGAL in patients admitted with ACS can predict hospital mortality and forms the basis for consideration of this molecule as a possible new risk marker in ACS meriting further and more extensive investigation. (Source: Indian Heart Journal)
Source: Indian Heart Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Incidence, predictors, clinical profile, management and outcome of patients with isolated left main coronary artery ostial disease
ConclusionIn one of the largest studies done in these patients, we found that isolated LMCA ostial disease is more common in middle aged females with few coronary risk factors. These patients also had a better ejection fraction and normal regional wall motion compared to patients with non-ostial and non-isolated LMCA disease. The clinical and angiographic profile of these patients suggests that they may represent a distinct clinical entity. (Source: Indian Heart Journal)
Source: Indian Heart Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Adding ivabradine to beta-blockers in chronic heart failure: Do not rest without lowering the resting heart rate sufficiently
Publication date: March–April 2018Source: Indian Heart Journal, Volume 70, Issue 2Author(s): Abraham Oomman, Manish Bansal (Source: Indian Heart Journal)
Source: Indian Heart Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Types of Dual LAD—Nomenclature confusion!!!
Publication date: March–April 2018Source: Indian Heart Journal, Volume 70, Issue 2Author(s): M. Sudhakar Rao (Source: Indian Heart Journal)
Source: Indian Heart Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Role of optical coherence tomography guided percutaneous coronary intervention to assess stent malapposition in de-novo coronary lesions
Publication date: March–April 2018Source: Indian Heart Journal, Volume 70, Issue 2Author(s): Kumar J. Ratheesh, Shivendra Jaitly, Rajesh Vijayvergiya (Source: Indian Heart Journal)
Source: Indian Heart Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Evaluation of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels in calcific rheumatic mitral stenosis— A cross sectional study
Publication date: March–April 2018Source: Indian Heart Journal, Volume 70, Issue 2Author(s): Jamal Yusuf, Jothinath P, Saibal Mukhopadhyay, Vickram Vignesh, Sanjay TyagiAbstractBackground and aim of the studyRheumatic mitral stenosis (RMS) is an autoimmune, progressive destructive valve disease occurring as a sequele of streptococcal infection. Epidemiological studies support an association of vitamin D deficiency with initial susceptibility and severity of autoimmune diseases. The aim of the present study was to assess serum level of 25 hydroxyvitamin D in subjects of RMS and assess if any correlation exists with se...
Source: Indian Heart Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Utility of ankle-brachial index in screening for peripheral arterial disease in rural India: A cross-sectional study and review of literature
ConclusionPAD is a very common and underdiagnosed illness in rural India. A simple tool like ABI can help diagnosis in underserved areas. (Source: Indian Heart Journal)
Source: Indian Heart Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Evaluation of a polymorphism in MYBPC3 in patients with anthracycline induced cardiotoxicity
Publication date: March–April 2018Source: Indian Heart Journal, Volume 70, Issue 2Author(s): M. Thirumalai Vinodhini, S. Sneha, R.P. Nagare, S. Bindhya, V. Shetty, D. Manikandan, P. Ganesan, T.G. Sagar, T.S. GanesanAbstractCardiotoxicity is the most serious side effect of anthracyclines (doxorubicin, daunorubicin or epirubicin). The incidence of anthracycline induced late cardiac toxicity (AIC) that is overt clinically is 3–5% in the Indian population. Polymorphism in intron 32 (deletion of 25 bp) of MYBPC3 has been shown to be present exclusively in Asians and more so in South India (3–8%). The freq...
Source: Indian Heart Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Are objective measures of tricuspid annular motion and velocity used as frequently as recommended by current guidelines? A pilot study
Publication date: March–April 2018Source: Indian Heart Journal, Volume 70, Issue 2Author(s): Angel López-Candales, Antonio J. Sotolongo-Fernandez, Francisco López Menéndez, Maria D. CandalesAbstractIn this retrospective study 420 echocardiograms from a single center were reviewed showing that TAPSE was acquired in 66% while TA TDI s’ signals were recorded in 98% of all echocardiograms. Based on these results greater efforts are required to standardize acquisition and reporting of objective measurements of RV function. (Source: Indian Heart Journal)
Source: Indian Heart Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Contemporary outcomes of percutaneous closure of patent ductus arteriosus in adolescents and adults
ConclusionsIn contemporary practice, percutaneous device closure is an effective and safe treatment option for adolescent and adult PDA patients. (Source: Indian Heart Journal)
Source: Indian Heart Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, myocardial scar and coronary flow pattern in anomalous origin of left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery
ConclusionIschemia in ALCAPA can lead to myocardial scarring even in early infancy. The recovery in left ventricular function is a closely related to scar burden. Coronary flow patterns are unique and give useful insight into disease process and natural history. (Source: Indian Heart Journal)
Source: Indian Heart Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Catheter ablation for electrical storm in Brugada syndrome: Results of substrate based ablation
ConclusionAbnormal myocardial substrate is observed in RVOT among patients with BrS. Substrate modification in these patients may abolish Brugada pattern on the ECG and prevents spontaneous VAs on long term follow up. (Source: Indian Heart Journal)
Source: Indian Heart Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Takotsubo cardiomyopathy and acute coronary syndromes: Are they always mutually exclusive?
Publication date: March–April 2018Source: Indian Heart Journal, Volume 70, Issue 2Author(s): Kenan Yalta, Fatih Ucar, Mustafa Yilmaztepe, Cafer Zorkun (Source: Indian Heart Journal)
Source: Indian Heart Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

ST2: Current status review article
Publication date: Available online 3 March 2018Source: Indian Heart JournalAuthor(s): Aditi Dattagupta, Sathyamurthy ImmaneniAbstractCardiovascular diseases are leading cause of mortality and morbidity, and are responsible for 1 out of every 6 deaths in the United States.1 Cardiac remodeling is an important determinant of long term outcomes and occurrence of heart failure (HF). Many times one requires additional tools like biomarkers to identify high risk individuals, to diagnose disease conditions accurately and to effectively prognosticate the patients. ST2 is a member of the interleukin 1 receptor family and exists in t...
Source: Indian Heart Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Electronic health records and outpatient cardiovascular disease care delivery: Insights from the American College of Cardiology’s PINNACLE India Quality Improvement Program (PIQIP)
Publication date: Available online 7 March 2018Source: Indian Heart JournalAuthor(s): Ankur Kalra, Deepak L. Bhatt, Jessica Wei, Karen L. Anderson, Stefan Rykowski, Prafulla G. Kerkar, Ganesh Kumar, Thomas M. Maddox, William J. Oetgen, Salim S. ViraniAbstractBackgroundThere has been a push toward implementation of electronic health records (EHRs) in federally-funded hospitals under the current policies initiated by the Indian government, with a lack of evidence supporting their adoption. We analyzed data from the American College of Cardiology’s PINNACLE (Practice Innovation and Clinical Excellence) India Quality Imp...
Source: Indian Heart Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors: A community-based cross-sectional study in a peri-urban community of Kathmandu, Nepal
ConclusionA high prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors and their disproportional distribution among the study population indicated an inevitable risk of cardiovascular events in near future. (Source: Indian Heart Journal)
Source: Indian Heart Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Clinical and angiographic profiles and six months outcomes of smokers with acute ST segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary angioplasty
ConclusionThe study documents that smokers with acute STEMI have similar outcomes as compared to non smokers with higher thrombus burden and lesser non culprit artery involvement. Smokers present at much younger age emphasizing the role of smoking cessation for prevention of myocardial infarction. (Source: Indian Heart Journal)
Source: Indian Heart Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

The psychological impact of permanent cardiac pacemakers on pediatric patients and their parents: A case control study
This study assessed anxiety and depression in children with permanent pacemenker (PPM) and quality of life of their parents.MethodsNinety children (63.3% males and 36.6% females) and their parents were included in the study and were divided into three groups. The control group (Group 1) included 30 normal healthy children (57% males and 43% females), the PPM group (Group 2) included 30 age-matched children (70% males and 30% females) with PPM and structurally normal heart, while the Group 3 included 30 children (63% males and 37% females) with PPM and congenital heart disease (PPM + CHD). Psychological assessment of ch...
Source: Indian Heart Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Efficacy of RADPAD protection drape in reducing radiation exposure in the catheterization laboratory—First Indian study
Publication date: Available online 27 March 2018Source: Indian Heart JournalAuthor(s): Pujan Shah, Roopali Khanna, Aditya Kapoor, Pravin K. GoelAbstractBackgroundOccupational radiation exposureis a growing problem due to increasing number and complexity of interventional procedures.The RADPAD is a lead-free sterile drape containing bismuth and barium that reduces scatter radiation during fluoroscopic procedures. We aimed to study the radiation exposure reduction to operators with the use of RADPAD and also measureradiation doses in different angiographic projections.Methods65 randomly selected patients undergoing elective ...
Source: Indian Heart Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Predictors of success in Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for Chronic Total Occlusion
Publication date: Available online 6 April 2018Source: Indian Heart JournalAuthor(s): Ashwin B. Mehta, Nihar Mehta, Rahul Chhabria, Vivek Mandurke, Nilesh Tawade, Nikesh Jain, Ajit Desai, SR HandaAbstractWe performed a retrospective analysis of 146 chronic total occlusion CTO patients to evaluate the antecedents of success and failure in CTO − Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI) in Indian patients. The study aimed to identify the technical success rate, analyse immediate patient outcomes, and understand the factors impacting the successful outcomes. Our results showed that J-CTO (Multicenter CTO Registry of Japa...
Source: Indian Heart Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Heart Rate Variability following Combined Aerobic and Resistance Training in Sedentary Hypertensive Women: A Randomised Control Trial
Publication date: Available online 7 April 2018Source: Indian Heart JournalAuthor(s): Sidra Masroor, Pooja Bhati, Shalini Verma, Monis Khan, M. Ejaz HussainAbstractObjectiveTo investigate the effect of combined aerobic and resistance training (CART) on heart rate variability in sedentary, hypertensive women.ParticipantsA total of twenty-eight hypertensive (Stage 1 and 2) sedentary women (Age 40.54 ± 4.2 yrs; Height 155.14 ± 5.4 cm; Weight 70.96 ± 10.2 kg; BMI 29.6 ± 4.4; Duration of HTN: 6.43 ± 2.5 yrs) were recruited for the study.MethodsParticipants were randomly...
Source: Indian Heart Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

☆Predictors of short-term outcomes in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention in cardiogenic shock complicating STEMI—A tertiary care center experience
Publication date: Available online 10 April 2018Source: Indian Heart JournalAuthor(s): Deep Chandh Raja, Aashish Chopra, Vijayakumar Subban, Rashmi Maharajan, Harini Anandhan, Nandhakumar Vasu, Jawahar Farook, Ramachandran Paramasivam, Srinivasan Narayanan, Kalaichelvan Uthayakumaran, Balaji Pakshirajan, Suma Victor, Ramkumar Solirajaram, Jaishankar Krishnamoorthy, Ezhilan Janakiraman, Ulhas M. Pandurangi, Latchumanadhas Kalidoss, Ajit Sankaradas MullasariAbstractBackgroundStudying the outcomes in patients presenting with cardiogenic shock with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (CS-STEMI) and undergoing primary or...
Source: Indian Heart Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Quercetin reduces the transcriptional activity of NF-kB in stable coronary artery disease
ConclusionQuercetin showed anti-inflammatory properties in patients with CAD, indicating a decrease in transcriptional activity of the nuclear factor of transcription kappa B (NF-kB). (Source: Indian Heart Journal)
Source: Indian Heart Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Changing patterns in the prevalence and management of cardiovascular risk factors in India and their comparison with the rest of the world along with clinical outcomes at 5-year: An analysis of stable coronary artery disease patients from The Prospective Observational Longitudinal Registry of patients with stable coronary artery disease (CLARIFY) registry
ConclusionThe 5-year trend of CLARIFY India registry indicate varying trends in prevalence and control of cardiovascular risk factors, the need for approaches to improve control of all modifiable risk factors, and increase in long-term use of essential primary and secondary prevention medications in clinical practice as emphasized in the latest Indian guidelines for management of stable CAD. (Source: Indian Heart Journal)
Source: Indian Heart Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Stent angioplasty of narrowed right ventricular outflow conduits and pulmonary arteries consistently reduces right ventricular systolic pressures and delays subsequent surgeries
ConclusionsStent angioplasty was safe and effective. Surgery was postponed in all stenosed conduits. Elective redilation of stents after bilateral PA stenting may be needed for somatic growth; but open-heart repeat surgeries can be avoided in a majority. (Source: Indian Heart Journal)
Source: Indian Heart Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Cardiac rehabilitation knowledge, awareness, and practice among cardiologists in India
This study examined CR perceptions among cardiologists in India. Attendees of the 2017 Cardiology Society of India conference completed a survey. Of 285 respondents, just over ¼ had a CR program at their institution, with a similar proportion reporting someone dedicated to providing CR advice to their patients. Only 11 (3.9%) were correct in their responses to 4 multiple choice questions regarding secondary prevention. On average, cardiologists referred 20–30% of their patients, with the greatest barrier to referral being patient disinterest. (Source: Indian Heart Journal)
Source: Indian Heart Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Gender disparities with the use of percutaneous left ventricular assist device in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention complicated by cardiogenic shock: From pVAD Working Group
ConclusionsDespite the small number of cohorts, this study did not reveal any significant differences among gender with the use of percutaneous left ventricular assist devices for PCI in patients with acute myocardial infarction complicated by CS. However, initiation of Impella prior to PCI may be associated with improved mortality and morbidity in both genders. (Source: Indian Heart Journal)
Source: Indian Heart Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Stevia rebaudiana the unique medicinal plant with sweet taste having hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic activities
Publication date: May–June 2018Source: Indian Heart Journal, Volume 70, Issue 3Author(s): Shridhar Dwivedi, Nisha Tomer (Source: Indian Heart Journal)
Source: Indian Heart Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Authors reply: Stevia: Long term data is lacking!
Publication date: May–June 2018Source: Indian Heart Journal, Volume 70, Issue 3Author(s): Vikas Purohit, Sundeep Mishra (Source: Indian Heart Journal)
Source: Indian Heart Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Exercise based evaluations and rehabilitation in heart failure: An addendum to the Cardiology Society of India’s management protocols for chronic heart failure
Publication date: May–June 2018Source: Indian Heart Journal, Volume 70, Issue 3Author(s): Abraham Samuel Babu, Ramachandran Padmakumar, Tom Devasia (Source: Indian Heart Journal)
Source: Indian Heart Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Authors reply: Exercise, but with caution!
Publication date: May–June 2018Source: Indian Heart Journal, Volume 70, Issue 3Author(s): Sundeep Mishra (Source: Indian Heart Journal)
Source: Indian Heart Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Authors reply: Response to the editorial titled “BVS, RDN, IABP: The Afghanistan of interventional clinical trials”
Publication date: May–June 2018Source: Indian Heart Journal, Volume 70, Issue 3Author(s): Sundeep Mishra (Source: Indian Heart Journal)
Source: Indian Heart Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Ostial left main coronary artery chronic total occlusion (cto) presenting as chronic stable angina
We report a case of a young female, who presented with chronic stable angina and had an isolated chronic total occlusion (CTO) of LMCA with no lesions in the other coronary arteries. Aortogram failed to demonstrate the stump of occluded LMCA and demonstrated the filling of the left coronary system from the right coronary artery. Apart from dyslipidemia, she had no other risk factors for CAD. She was extensively evaluated for non-atherosclerotic causes of LMCA CTO including vasculitis. She underwent coronary artery bypass graft successfully without any peri-procedural complications. (Source: Indian Heart Journal)
Source: Indian Heart Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Transradial access for coronary diagnostic and interventional procedures: Consensus Statement and recommendations for India: Advancing Complex CoronariES Sciences through TransRADIAL intervention in India – ACCESS RADIAL™: Clinical consensus recommendations
Publication date: Available online 1 May 2018Source: Indian Heart JournalAuthor(s): P.K. Goel, Ajit Menon, Ajit Sankardas Mullasari, Ajit Kumar Valaparambil, Brian Pinto, Dev Pahlajani, M.S. Hiremath, Sengottuvelu Gunasekaran, Vijay Kumar Trehan, Rajpal K. AbhaichandAbstractRadial access for cardiac catheterization and intervention in India has been growing steadily over the last decade with favorable clinical outcomes. However, its usage by interventional cardiologists varies greatly among Indian operators and hospitals due to large geographic disparities in health care delivery systems and practice patterns. It also rema...
Source: Indian Heart Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Have we reached the bottom of the bottomless pit- lessons from the recent lipid-lowering trials?
Publication date: May–June 2018Source: Indian Heart Journal, Volume 70, Issue 3Author(s): Manish Bansal, Rajeev Agarwala (Source: Indian Heart Journal)
Source: Indian Heart Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Incidence and predictors of perioperative myocardial infarction in patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery in a tertiary care hospital
ConclusionPMI is a dreaded complication associated with a very high mortality. High risk surgery, smoking and past history of ischemic heart disease were independent predictors of PMI. The RCRI is a useful tool in pre-operative risk stratification of patients. (Source: Indian Heart Journal)
Source: Indian Heart Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Pulse wave analyzed cardiovascular parameters in young first degree relatives of type 2 diabetics- a cross-sectional study
ConclusionsYoung, sedentary, non-obese FDRs of T2D have adverse cardiovascular profile which is suggested to worsen before or with onset of T2DM and definitely need attention for life style modification as primary prevention. (Source: Indian Heart Journal)
Source: Indian Heart Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

The association of plasma high-sensitivity C-reactive protein level with rheumatic heart disease: The possible role of inflammation
Publication date: May–June 2018Source: Indian Heart Journal, Volume 70, Issue 3Author(s): Armin Attar, Parvin Marzban, Alireza Moaref, Kamran AghasadeghiAbstractBackgroundCurrently, it is not clear whether recurrent traumatic events lead to progression of rheumatic heart disease (RHD) after the incident of acute rheumatic fever or a persistent inflammatory state at the site of the valves. The aim of this study was to assess the possible association between plasma high sensitive C Reactive Protein (hs-CRP) level as an indicator of inflammation and RHD.Materials & methodsNinety patients with RHD and 90 healthy cont...
Source: Indian Heart Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Physical activity levels of patients prior to acute coronary syndrome – Experience at a tertiary care hospital in Sri Lanka
ConclusionIn Sri Lanka, a majority of patients with ACS were physically inactive. Physical inactivity is one of the remediable major risk factors of ACS and an active life style should be promoted. (Source: Indian Heart Journal)
Source: Indian Heart Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Efficacy of serum blood urea nitrogen, creatinine and electrolytes in the diagnosis and mortality risk assessment of patients with acute coronary syndrome
ConclusionIn addition to cardiac enzymes, K along with BUN and Cr may serve as important aid in diagnosis of ACS. BUN and Cr may also serve as important tools in mortality-risk assessment of ACS patients. (Source: Indian Heart Journal)
Source: Indian Heart Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Factors affecting seasonal changes in blood pressure in North India: A population based four-seasons study
Publication date: May–June 2018Source: Indian Heart Journal, Volume 70, Issue 3Author(s): Abhishek Goyal, Naved Aslam, Shaminder Kaur, R.K. Soni, Vandana Midha, Anurag Chaudhary, L.K. Dhaliwal, Bhupinder Singh, Shibba T. Chhabra, Bishav Mohan, Inder S. Anand, Gurpreet S. WanderAbstractObjectiveThere are no community based, longitudinal, intra individual epidemiological studies on effect of weather and season on blood pressure (BP). We evaluated the effect of season and temperature on prevalence and epidemiology of BP in tropical climate.Methods and resultsIt was a longitudinal cross sectional survey of rural and urba...
Source: Indian Heart Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Is mitral annular ascent useful in studying left ventricular function through left atrio-ventricular interactions?
ConclusionsWe have shown for the first time that M-mode interrogation of the MA longitudinal motion appears useful to assess atrio-ventricular interactions. Since LV systolic and diastolic functions are so closely related; additional studies are now required to examine how this longitudinal measure correlates with known circumferential rotational data obtained with other imaging modalities. (Source: Indian Heart Journal)
Source: Indian Heart Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Value of mitral annular plane systolic excursion in the assessment of contractile reserve in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy before cardiac revascularization
ConclusionsMAPSE is a rapid simple quantitative echocardiographic method that can asses contractile reserve in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy before cardiac revascularization. (Source: Indian Heart Journal)
Source: Indian Heart Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

The correlation between speckle tracking echocardiography and coronary artery disease in patients with suspected stable angina pectoris
ConclusionTwo-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography has good sensitivity and specificity to predict the presence, extent and severity of CAD. (Source: Indian Heart Journal)
Source: Indian Heart Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Three-dimensional echocardiographic evaluation of mechanical dyssynchrony in systolic heart failure with narrow QRS complex
Conclusions3DE confirmed significant dyssynchrony in  > 50% HF patients with narrow QRS as demonstrated by other imaging methods. 3D distribution patterns of asynchronous segments indicate possibility of left ventricular mechanics related reasons responsible for lack of CRT responsiveness, an observation that generates hypothesis on possible reasons of CRT non-responsiveness. (Source: Indian Heart Journal)
Source: Indian Heart Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Long-term outcomes following left main bifurcation stenting in Indian population—Analysis based on SYNTAX I and II scores
ConclusionsBoth risk models were applicable for Indian patients. The SS2 score was a better predictor for mortality and TLR. In the SS2 score, the LVEF was the most useful predictor of events after LM PCI. (Source: Indian Heart Journal)
Source: Indian Heart Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research