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Cardiac rehabilitation in patients with cardiovascular disease leads various hemodynamic parameters obtained using simple non-invasive tests to their appropriate levels
In conclusion, CR may lead various hemodynamic parameters obtained using simple non-invasive tests to their appropriate levels. (Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature)
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - October 12, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Left atrial deformation: Useful index for early detection of cardiac damage in chronic mitral regurgitation
Publication date: December 2017 Source:IJC Heart & Vasculature, Volume 17 Author(s): M. Cameli, E. Incampo, S. Mondillo In chronic mitral regurgitation (MR) left atrium is one of the first cardiac structures that is involved in remodeling and ultrastructural changes for a progressive volume overload. Severe left atrial (LA) dilation on echocardiography and new onset of atrial fibrillation in asymptomatic patients with preserved Left Ventricular (LV) function, appeared as a Class IIb recommendation for consideration for surgical mitral valve repair in the actual guidelines. However, before atrial dilatation and dys...
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - October 3, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Incidence of cancers in patients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases
Conclusions A presence of atherosclerotic CVD itself may have a potential risk for cancer developments. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov. number, NCT03005834 (Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature)
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - September 14, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Contrast microsphere enhancement of the tricuspid regurgitant spectral Doppler signal - Is it still necessary with contemporary scanners?
Conclusion In the era of contemporary scanners, CE improved the ability to detect and measure TRV, except in those with clear unenhanced TR spectral Doppler signals or greater than mild tricuspid regurgitation. (Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature)
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - September 4, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Low-frequency and low-intensity ultrasound irradiation to the forearm improves an index of arterial stiffness in subjects with type 2 diabetes and hypertension
Conclusions The low-frequency and low-intensity ultrasound irradiation to the forearm for 10min might be useful as a preventive application for arterial stiffness in subjects with type 2 diabetes and hypertension. (Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature)
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - August 11, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Associations of increased arterial stiffness with left ventricular ejection performance and right ventricular systolic pressure in mitral regurgitation before and after surgery: Wave intensity analysis
Conclusions In the MR group before surgery, increased arterial stiffness suppresses compensatory enhancement of W1, and increases RVSP. Prolonged (Q-W1)st has the potential for predicting low EF after surgery. (Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature)
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - July 13, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Early and mid-term outcomes after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) in Ireland
Conclusion This review, the first of its kind in Ireland showed favorable rates of 30day and one year and two year survival post TAVI with procedural success and complication rates similar to international registry data. (Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature)
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - July 8, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Combined effects of shear stress and glucose on the morphology, actin filaments, and VE-cadherin of endothelial cells in vitro
Conclusion Combination exposure of shear stress and high glucose changes morphology, reduces actin filament and VE-cadherin, of endothelial cells. (Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature)
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - June 8, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

A study of spectrum of rheumatic heart disease in a tertiary care hospital in Central Nepal
Conclusion RHD is a leading cause of heart failure among young populations with requirement of prolonged duration of medical treatment and many of them requiring surgery. (Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature)
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - April 21, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Successful conservative treatment of myocardial infarction in a teenager with MTHFR mutation
Publication date: June 2017 Source:IJC Heart & Vasculature, Volume 15 Author(s): Subhrajit Lahiri, Branko Cuglievan Gulman, Jeremy Landeo Gutierrez, Athena Pefkarou (Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature)
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - April 13, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

CYP2C19 variants and epoxyeicosatrienoic acids in patients with microvascular angina
Conclusions The decline of EET owing to CYP2C19 variants may affects coronary microvascular dysfunction via chronic inflammation. (Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature)
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - April 12, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Clinical evaluation of R860Q semi-conservative amino acid substitution in CACNA1C gene in association with long QT syndrome
Publication date: June 2017 Source:IJC Heart & Vasculature, Volume 15 Author(s): Usama Boles, Chris Simpson, Enes E. Gul, Cortney Kiss, Andres Enriquez, Zongchao Jia, Adrián Baranchuk, Jagdeep S. Walia (Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature)
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - April 10, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

The effects of fibrinolytic before referring STEMI patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Conclusions In non PCI-capable settings, fibrinolytic injection before referring patients with STEMI to PCI-capable settings has no clinical benefit but could increase risk of major bleeding. Clinicians might more carefully consider whether fibrinolytic injection should be used in patients with STEMI before the referral. (Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature)
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - April 10, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Lactated Ringer's solution for preventing myocardial reperfusion injury
Publication date: June 2017 Source:IJC Heart & Vasculature, Volume 15 Author(s): Takashi Koyama Reperfusion of ischemic myocardium is crucial for salvaging myocardial cells from ischemic cell death. However, reperfusion itself induces various deleterious effects on the ischemic myocardium. These effects, known collectively as reperfusion injury, comprise stunned myocardium, reperfusion-induced arrhythmia, microvascular reperfusion injury, and lethal reperfusion injury. No approach has proven successful in preventing any of these injuries in the clinical setting. My colleagues and I recently proposed a new postcond...
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - April 10, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Regression of cardiac amyloidosis following stem cell transplantation: a comparison between echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging in long-term survivors
Conclusions Treatment of cardiac amyloidosis with chemotherapy and PBSCT may result in regression of abnormalities on TTE with marked improvement in survival. Post treatment, TTE and CMR structural assessments appear similar. Gadolinium imaging suggests that microscopic residual infiltration persists despite macroscopic regression. Significant cardiac improvements with prolonged survival are seen nonetheless. Multimodality imaging has a vital role in the management of cardiac amyloidosis. (Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature)
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - January 12, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Low rate of access site complications after transradial coronary catheterization: A prospective ultrasound study
Conclusions Using current techniques and materials, we report a very low rate of local complications associated with TRA catheterization. (Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature)
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - December 29, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Coronary calcification compromises myocardial perfusion irrespective of luminal stenosis
Conclusion In a group of patients with exertional angina, coronary calcification is more accurate in detecting high-grade luminal stenosis than myocardial perfusion defects. In addition, in patients with no stenosis, the incremental relationship between coronary calcium score and the extent of myocardial perfusion suggests coronary wall hardening as an additional mechanism for stress-induced angina other than luminal narrowing. These preliminary findings might have a clinical impact on management strategies of these patients other than conventional therapy. (Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature)
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - December 28, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Left atrial appendage function assessment and thrombus identification
Conclusions LLR appeared to be an appropriate site for measuring Doppler derived parameters. It is possible that the strain rate in LLR area may be a novel parameter correlating with the presence of thrombus in patients with AF. (Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature)
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - December 10, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Successful revascularization improves long-term clinical outcome in patients with chronic coronary total occlusion
Conclusions This study suggests that successful revascularization in patients with CTO improves their long-term clinical outcomes. (Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature)
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - December 1, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Gender differences in the prevalence of coronary artery tortuosity and its association with coronary artery disease
Conclusion There is a significant relationship between coronary artery tortuosity and gender. Women with severe tortuosity are more likely to have normal coronary arteries or less severe disease than men despite presenting with chest pain. (Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature)
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - November 29, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Left ventricular diastolic gradient in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
Publication date: March 2017 Source:IJC Heart & Vasculature, Volume 14 Author(s): Filomena Pacelli, Antonio Rapacciuolo, Alessandra Giamundo, Grazia Canciello, Anna Franzone, Massimo Imbriaco, Bruno Trimarco, Maria-Angela Losi (Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature)
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - November 29, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Dipyridamole-induced adverse effects in myocardial perfusion scans: Dynamic evaluation
Conclusion This study demonstrates that the adverse effects of dipyridamole were generally minimal and its duration was acceptable for clinical usage. (Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature)
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - November 27, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Electrophysiological mechanisms of long and short QT syndromes
Publication date: March 2017 Source:IJC Heart & Vasculature, Volume 14 Author(s): Gary Tse, Yin Wah Fiona Chan, Wendy Keung, Bryan P Yan The QT interval on the human electrocardiogram is normally in the order of 450ms, and reflects the summated durations of action potential (AP) depolarization and repolarization of ventricular myocytes. Both prolongation and shortening in the QT interval have been associated with ventricular tachy-arrhythmias, which predispose affected individuals to sudden cardiac death. In this article, the molecular determinants of the AP duration and the causes of long and short QT syndromes (...
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - November 26, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

The role of optical coherence tomography in decision making during the acute phase of spontaneous coronary artery dissection
Publication date: March 2017 Source:IJC Heart & Vasculature, Volume 14 Author(s): Yongcheol Kim, Pierre Deharo, David Adlam, Andreas Baumbach, Thomas W Johnson (Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature)
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - November 26, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

MTRR rs326119 polymorphism is associated with plasma concentrations of homocysteine and cobalamin, but not with congenital heart disease or coronary atherosclerosis in Brazilian patients
Conclusion Our findings indicate that the MTRR rs326119 variant might be a genetic marker associated with homocysteine and cobalamin concentrations, but not a strong risk factor for CHD or coronary atherosclerosis in the Brazilian population. (Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature)
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - November 24, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Alpha2A-adrenergic receptor and eNOS genetic polymorphisms are associated with exercise muscle vasodilatation in apparently healthy individuals
Conclusions eNOS rs207074 polymorphism in women and ADRA2A rs553668 polymorphism in men were associated with the increase of forearm vascular conductance during handgrip exercise. These findings suggest that eNOS and ADRA2A genetic polymorphisms may be potential markers of exercise muscle vasodilatation. (Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature)
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - October 13, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Femoral arterial closure using ProGlide ® is more efficacious and cost-effective when ambulating early following cardiac catheterization
Conclusions ProGlide is safe and effective for femoral artery closure in patients who ambulate within 30min after cardiac catheterization; translating into improved patient satisfaction and substantial cost savings. (Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature)
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - October 10, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Effectiveness of renal sympathetic denervation in renal function and blood pressure in CKD and non-CKD patients with controlled vs. uncontrolled hypertension
Publication date: December 2016 Source:IJC Heart & Vasculature, Volume 13 Author(s): Márcio Galindo Kiuchi, Shaojie Chen (Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature)
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - September 6, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Changes in the risk factors for coronary spasm
Publication date: September 2016 Source:IJC Heart & Vasculature, Volume 12 Author(s): Masanobu Ishii, Koichi Kaikita, Koji Sato, Kenshi Yamanaga, Takashi Miyazaki, Tomonori Akasaka, Noriaki Tabata, Yuichiro Arima, Daisuke Sueta, Kenji Sakamoto, Eiichiro Yamamoto, Kenichi Tsujita, Megumi Yamamuro, Sunao Kojima, Hirofumi Soejima, Seiji Hokimoto, Kunihiko Matsui, Hisao Ogawa (Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature)
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - August 4, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

A case of massive aortic mural thrombus in the absence of atherosclerotic or aneurysmal disease
Publication date: September 2016 Source:IJC Heart & Vasculature, Volume 12 Author(s): Kawa Haji, Vanessa Heron, Rick Davis, Dee Nandurkar, Anthony Kelman, Alistair Miller (Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature)
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - August 3, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Predictors of tamponade and constriction in patients with pericardial disease undergoing interventional and surgical treatment
Conclusion The independent predictors of compression development are presence of large effusion >20mm, cardiac chamber collapse and high NYHA class. The model including all three parameters allows correctly predicting compression in 91.4% of cases. The diagnostic accuracy of each parameter is characterized by high sensitivity and specificity of large effusion, high specificity of cardiac chamber collapse and NYHA class. (Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature)
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - August 3, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Late gadolinium enhancement does occur in Tako-tsubo cardiomyopathy — A quantitative cardiac magnetic resonance and speckle tracking strain study
Conclusion LGE was present in 41% of cases of TTC, 89% of which had intense enhancement >5 SD above normal myocardium. Presence of LGE was associated with worse myocardial injury in the acute setting, with no difference in recovery of function. (Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature)
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - August 3, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Assessment of various parameters using simple non-invasive tests in patients with cardiovascular diseases with or without cardiac rehabilitation
In conclusion, CR significantly decreased BP and improved atherosclerosis and sympathetic nerve activity. These findings suggest that simple non-invasive tests may be useful for assessing the effects of CR. (Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature)
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - August 2, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Corrigendum to “Regional variations in baseline characteristics of cardiac rhythm device recipients: The PANORAMA observational cohort study” [Int. J. Cardiol. Heart Vessels (2014) 90–96]
Publication date: Available online 20 July 2016 Source:IJC Heart & Vasculature Author(s): Fawziah Al Kandari, Andrejs Erglis, Raed Sweidan, Ingrid Dannheimer, Milan Sepsi, Juan Bénézet, Michal Padour, Ajay Naik, Jaime Escudero, Teena West, Reece Holbrook, Faizel Lorgat (Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature)
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - July 21, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

The renin –angiotensin–aldosterone-system and right heart failure in congenital heart disease
Publication date: June 2016 Source:IJC Heart & Vasculature, Volume 11 Author(s): Stine Andersen, Asger Andersen, Jens Erik Nielsen-Kudsk Adults with congenital heart disease represent a rapidly growing patient group. Dysfunction of the right ventricle is often present, and right heart failure constitutes the main cause of death. Heart failure therapies used in acquired left heart failure are often initiated in adults with right heart failure due to congenital heart disease, but the right ventricle differs substantially from the left ventricle, and the clinical evidence for this treatment strategy is lacking. I...
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - July 20, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Transcatheter aortic valve implantation with the new-generation Evolut R ™
Conclusions These initial single-center experience data on the short-term outcomes after EVR valve implantation show a substantially reduced rate of more-than-mild paravalvular regurgitation and higher device success, while 30-day safety outcomes were similar to the CV system. Clinical outcome data from long-term follow-up and larger scale multicenter experience are now necessary. (Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature)
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - July 20, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Assessment of pulmonary artery pressure by echocardiography —A comprehensive review
Publication date: September 2016 Source:IJC Heart & Vasculature, Volume 12 Author(s): Sathish Parasuraman, Seamus Walker, Brodie L. Loudon, Nicholas D. Gollop, Andrew M. Wilson, Crystal Lowery, Michael P. Frenneaux Pulmonary hypertension is a pathological haemodynamic condition defined as an increase in mean pulmonary arterial pressure≥25mmHg at rest, assessed using gold standard investigation by right heart catheterisation. Pulmonary hypertension could be a complication of cardiac or pulmonary disease, or a primary disorder of small pulmonary arteries. Elevated pulmonary pressure (PAP) is associated wi...
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - July 20, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Aorto-ostial atherosclerotic coronary artery disease —Risk factor profiles, demographic & amp; angiographic features
Conclusion Overall there is 1.5% prevalence of atherosclerotic aorto-ostial disease of coronary arteries among patients of atherosclerotic coronary artery disease and higher proportions of patients are of male sex. Hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia and high TC/HDL ratio can be considered as risk factors for aorto-ostial atherosclerotic coronary artery disease. (Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature)
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - July 20, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Dental care before cardiac valve surgery: Is it important to prevent infective endocarditis?
Conclusions The results did not allow for the determination of the impact of dental treatment before CVS on IE outcomes. However, it was not possible to exclude the potential beneficial effects of dental treatment in the prevention of IE. (Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature)
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - July 18, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Transcatheter aortic valve implantation with the new-generation Evolut R™
Conclusions These initial single-center experience data on the short-term outcomes after EVR valve implantation show a substantially reduced rate of more-than-mild paravalvular regurgitation and higher device success, while 30-day safety outcomes were similar to the CV system. Clinical outcome data from long-term follow-up and larger scale multicenter experience are now necessary. (Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature)
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - July 18, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Assessment of pulmonary artery pressure by echocardiography—A comprehensive review
Publication date: September 2016 Source:IJC Heart & Vasculature, Volume 12 Author(s): Sathish Parasuraman, Seamus Walker, Brodie L. Loudon, Nicholas D. Gollop, Andrew M. Wilson, Crystal Lowery, Michael P. Frenneaux Pulmonary hypertension is a pathological haemodynamic condition defined as an increase in mean pulmonary arterial pressure≥25mmHg at rest, assessed using gold standard investigation by right heart catheterisation. Pulmonary hypertension could be a complication of cardiac or pulmonary disease, or a primary disorder of small pulmonary arteries. Elevated pulmonary pressure (PAP) is associated wi...
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - July 18, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Accuracy of quantitative echocardiographic measures of right ventricular function as compared to cardiovascular magnetic resonance
Conclusion As compared to CMR; 3DE-RV, RVFAC, TAPSE and RVMPI were the most reliable predictors of RV function. These parameters can be recommended for clinical use. (Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature)
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - July 18, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

The fate of small side branches following drug eluting stent implantation
Conclusions Although there was a significant deterioration of SBO immediately after stenting, follow-up data showed that the lesion at SBO improved but remained worse than baseline. (Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature)
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - July 18, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Idiopathic sensorineural hearing loss is associated with endothelial dysfunction
Publication date: September 2016 Source:IJC Heart & Vasculature, Volume 12 Author(s): Manuele Casale, Fabio Mangiacapra, Edoardo Bressi, Annalisa Pace, Lorenzo Sabatino, Antonio Moffa, Antonio Abbate, Germano Di Sciascio, Fabrizio Salvinelli (Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature)
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - June 16, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Aorto-ostial atherosclerotic coronary artery disease—Risk factor profiles, demographic & angiographic features
Conclusion Overall there is 1.5% prevalence of atherosclerotic aorto-ostial disease of coronary arteries among patients of atherosclerotic coronary artery disease and higher proportions of patients are of male sex. Hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia and high TC/HDL ratio can be considered as risk factors for aorto-ostial atherosclerotic coronary artery disease. (Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature)
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - June 14, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Is HATCH score a reliable predictor of atrial fibrillation after cavotricuspid isthmus ablation for typical atrial flutter?
Conclusions HATCH score did not predict AF in patients with typical AFl who underwent CTI ablation. Basal left atrium dimension could help predict new-onset AF. (Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature)
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - June 1, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Congenital arch vessel anomalies in CHARGE syndrome: A frequent feature with risk for co-morbidity
Conclusions Arch vessel anomalies occur in a significant proportion of patients with a CHD7 mutation, and these anomalies may cause morbidity due to compression of the esophagus or trachea. Since symptoms of vascular compression can mimic those caused by other abnormalities in CHARGE syndrome, it is important to be aware of arch vessel anomalies in this complex patient category. Whether a solitary arch vessel anomaly is an indicator for CHARGE syndrome still needs to be studied, but doctors should look out for other CHARGE syndrome features in patients with arch vessel anomalies. (Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature)
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - May 24, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

NT-proBNP and diastolic left ventricular function in patients with Marfan syndrome
Conclusions MFS patients presenting with normal ejection fraction show disturbed diastolic function and higher NT-proBNP levels, which is partly explained by aortic Z-score. Assessment of diastolic function and NT-proBNP levels may therefore detect early abnormalities and guide surveillance and prevention management of patients with MFS. (Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature)
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - May 19, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Effect of intravenous infusion of iodinated contrast media on the coronary blood flow in dogs
Conclusions Peripheral venous administration of iodinated contrast-media in dogs results in a dose related, significant and prolonged increase in CBF. (Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature)
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - May 19, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Cardiac disease and arrhythmogenesis: Mechanistic insights from mouse models
Publication date: September 2016 Source:IJC Heart & Vasculature, Volume 12 Author(s): Lois Choy, Jie Ming Yeo, Vivian Tse, Shing Po Chan, Gary Tse The mouse is the second mammalian species, after the human, in which substantial amount of the genomic information has been analyzed. With advances in transgenic technology, mutagenesis is now much easier to carry out in mice. Consequently, an increasing number of transgenic mouse systems have been generated for the study of cardiac arrhythmias in ion channelopathies and cardiomyopathies. Mouse hearts are also amenable to physical manipulation such as coronary art...
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - May 14, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research