Factors affecting the patency of arteriovenous fistulas for hemodialysis: Single center experience
Hemodialysis International, EarlyView. (Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - November 12, 2017 Category: Hematology Source Type: research

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Hemodialysis International, Ahead of Print. (Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - November 12, 2017 Category: Hematology Source Type: research

Stent use for hemodialysis access: What a general nephrologist needs to know
Abstract Recurrent stenosis due to neo‐intimal hyperplasia leads to loss of patency in an established hemodialysis access. The current treatment strategy to maintain patency involves percutaneous transluminal angioplasty with or without stent placement. There are several key points that an interventionalist needs to weigh before deciding to place a stent. These include appropriateness of stent placement, the long term consequences, the type of stent to be deployed, the size of stent and finally the impact on cannulation during dialysis. A general nephrologist needs to be aware of the various benefits and pitfalls of sten...
Source: Hemodialysis International - November 12, 2017 Category: Hematology Authors: Siddiq Anwar, Tushar J. Vachharajani Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Calciphylaxis after parathyroidectomy
Abstract A 60‐year‐old African American man with end stage renal disease on hemodialysis (HD) for the past 2.5 years developed severe hyperparathyroidism. Other past medical history included atrial fibrillation, type II diabetes mellitus, hypertension, gout, pericardial effusion needing pericardial window, deep vein thrombosis, mitral insufficiency, and cardiomyopathy with implantable cardioversion device placement. His parathyroid hormone (PTH) level peaked at 4,191 pg/mL despite being on cinacalcet, sevelamer, and paricalcitol. He underwent a subtotal parathyroidectomy in January 2015, after which his PTH levels drop...
Source: Hemodialysis International - October 24, 2017 Category: Hematology Authors: Sathish Karmegam, Anupkumar Shetty Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research

A case of hypothermia on CRRT
Abstract A 64‐year‐old Asian man, with past medical history of hypertension, hypothyroidism, and hyperlipidemia, presented with 3 days history of fever associated with cough and worsening shortness of breath. Subsequent clinical course was complicated by acute lung injury leading to acute respiratory distress syndrome requiring positive pressure ventilation, septic shock requiring inotropic support, and acute kidney injury requiring continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). On day 3 of CRRT, the patient developed significant hypothermia (temporal temperature 27.5°C), which was successfully managed. Continuous re...
Source: Hemodialysis International - October 24, 2017 Category: Hematology Authors: Gurwant Kaur, Prameela Banoth, Preethi Yerram, Madhukar Misra Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research

Anti ‐thrombotic therapy for atrial fibrillation in patients with chronic kidney disease: Current views
Abstract Chronic kidney disease (CKD) occurs in approximately one‐third of patients with non‐valvular atrial fibrillation (AF). The presence of CKD, particularly advanced CKD, confers increased risk of both thromboembolism and major bleeding in this group of patients who are already at risk for ischemic stroke and systemic embolism and at risk of bleeding due to anticoagulation. Studies assessing the effect of warfarin on risk of ischemic stroke, systemic embolism, and major bleeding have produced disparate results, particularly in patients with advanced CKD including those treated with hemodialysis. The direct oral an...
Source: Hemodialysis International - October 24, 2017 Category: Hematology Authors: Rugheed Ghadban, Greg Flaker, Natraj Katta, Martin A. Alpert Tags: REVIEW ARTICLE Source Type: research

Measuring residual renal function for hemodialysis adequacy: Is there an easier option?
Abstract Most patients starting hemodialysis (HD) have residual renal function. As such, there has been increased interest in starting patients with less frequent and shorter dialysis session times. However, for this incremental approach to be successful, patients require regular monitoring of residual renal function, so that as residual renal function declines, the amount of HD is appropriately increased. Currently most dialysis centers rely on interdialytic urine collections. However, many patients find these inconvenient and there may be marked intrapatient variability due to compliance issues. Thus, alternative markers...
Source: Hemodialysis International - October 24, 2017 Category: Hematology Authors: Andrew Davenport Tags: REVIEW ARTICLE Source Type: research

A Mayo Clinic 13 ‐year investigation of the syndrome of rapid onset ESRD among renal transplant recipients: An analysis of the implications of renal allograft biopsy results
Conclusion: SORO‐ESRD contributed significantly to late renal allograft loss and return to hemodialysis with 100% initial dialysis catheter rate. Potentially preventable causes of AKI leading to SORO‐ESRD were identified. The application of experience gained from such studies would help reduce late renal allograft loss and the need for re‐transplantation. This would further help reduce the yawning gap between need and availability of donor kidney organs both here in the United States and around the world. Larger studies are warranted. (Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - October 24, 2017 Category: Hematology Authors: Macaulay Amechi Onuigbo, Nneoma Agbasi Tags: REVIEW ARTICLE Source Type: research

Low dialysate potassium concentration is associated with prolonged recovery time
Abstract Introduction: Modifiable hemodialysis treatment parameters may impact patient reported outcomes, including recovery time. Answers to the recovery question may predict the impact of treatment parameters on clinical outcomes and health related quality of life. However, the reliability of answers to the recovery question after consecutive and nonconsecutive dialysis treatments in diverse populations has not been established.Objective: To assess the reliability of this instrument and to determine if recovery time was associated with modifiable dialysis parameters, we conducted a quality assurance project in which we a...
Source: Hemodialysis International - October 24, 2017 Category: Hematology Authors: Antonia Harford, Ambreen Gul, Serena Cumber, Susan Paine, Ronald Schrader, Nicole Trujillo, Philip Zager Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

A service review to assess if innovative intensive phosphate dietary education can help reduce phosphate levels to the recommended range in a hemodialysis population
Abstract Introduction: Studies suggest that hemodialysis (HD) patients are less likely to adhere to phosphate dietary restriction than to potassium, sodium, or fluid restriction. It is particularly important that dietary education is provided appropriately, consistently, and reinforced regularly to encourage compliance with diet and phosphate‐binder regimens. Patient awareness of the consequences of a chronically raised phosphate and its treatment is associated with lower serum phosphate levels.Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of a structured educational program on patient knowledge and control o...
Source: Hemodialysis International - October 24, 2017 Category: Hematology Authors: Eileen A Duff, Fiona M Chawke Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

MicroRNA 499 gene expression in patients on hemodialysis with cardiovascular complications
In this study, 2 patients with an open‐heart surgery showed highly elevation in the miRNA 499, while the other patients, showing different degrees of ischemia, had different levels of elevated miRNA 499. Statistically significant higher levels of miRNA 499 in plasma were observed in all the studied patients with cardiovascular diseases compared to the levels of miRNA 499 found in healthy controls (P 
Source: Hemodialysis International - October 24, 2017 Category: Hematology Authors: Magdi El Sharkawy, Amr Mohab, Haitham Ezzat Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Evaluation of the functions of the temporary catheter with various tip types
Conclusion: With the manipulation of the catheter tip shapes, blood was able to circulate smoothly. We expect less blood clots and a decrease in sticking to the vascular wall. We plan to study these 3 catheters at clinical tests in the future. (Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - October 24, 2017 Category: Hematology Authors: Tomonari Ogawa, Yusuke Sasaki, Yuki Kanayama, Kunihiko Yasuda, Yoshimi Okada, Yuta Kogure, Tatsuro Sano, Minoru Hatano, Hiroaki Hara, Koichi Kanozawa, Hajime Hasegawa Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Verification of physicochemical structures of dialysis membrane using reversal dialysis technique
Conclusions: A wedge‐like pore size distribution in the radial direction in heterogeneous membrane was semiquantitatively evaluated by introducing a reversal dialysis technique with a new index. (Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - October 24, 2017 Category: Hematology Authors: Akihiro C. Yamashita, Takahisa Ono, Narumi Tomisawa Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Preface
(Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - October 24, 2017 Category: Hematology Authors: Madhukar Misra Tags: PREFACE Source Type: research

Issue information
(Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - October 24, 2017 Category: Hematology Tags: ISSUE INFORMATION Source Type: research

Effect of incident nocturnal home hemodialysis versus incident continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis on employment rate, clinical, and laboratory outcomes: A 1 ‐year retrospective observation study
Hemodialysis International, EarlyView. (Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - October 18, 2017 Category: Hematology Authors: John WingLi , Joseph Ho SingWong , Wai LeungChak , Ka FoonChau Source Type: research

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Hemodialysis International, Ahead of Print. (Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - October 18, 2017 Category: Hematology Source Type: research

Can a renal nurse assess fluid status using ultrasound on the inferior vena cava? A cross ‐sectional interrater study
Hemodialysis International,Volume 22, Issue 2, Page 261-269, April 2018. (Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - October 11, 2017 Category: Hematology Authors: UlrichSteinwandel , NicholasGibson , AmandaTowell , James J. R.Rippey , JohanRosman Source Type: research

Can a renal nurse assess fluid status using ultrasound on the inferior vena cava? A cross ‐sectional interrater study
Hemodialysis International, EarlyView. (Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - October 11, 2017 Category: Hematology Source Type: research

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Hemodialysis International, Ahead of Print. (Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - October 11, 2017 Category: Hematology Source Type: research

Issue information
(Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - October 11, 2017 Category: Hematology Tags: ISSUE INFORMATION Source Type: research

Meta ‐analysis and commentary: Preemptive correction of arteriovenous access stenosis
Hemodialysis International,Volume 22, Issue 2, Page 279-280, April 2018. (Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - October 3, 2017 Category: Hematology Authors: Jochen G.Raimann , LeviWaldron , ElsieKoh , Gregg A.Miller , Murat H.Sor , Richard J.Gray , PeterKotanko Source Type: research

On ‐line hemodiafiltration at home
Hemodialysis International,Volume 22, Issue 2, Page E33-E35, April 2018. (Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - October 3, 2017 Category: Hematology Authors: AlmudenaVega , SorayaAbad , Nicol ásMacías , InésAragoncillo Source Type: research

Late ‐onset Pompe's disease in a hemodialysis patient: A first case report
Hemodialysis International,Volume 22, Issue 2, Page E23-E25, April 2018. (Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - October 3, 2017 Category: Hematology Authors: TheodorosEleftheriadis , PanagiotaMakri , PaschaliaKarakosta , GeorgiosPissas , VassiliosLiakopoulos , HelenMichelakakis , Georgios M.Hadjigeorgiou , IoannisStefanidis Source Type: research

Ledipasvir and Sofosbuvir for untreated HCV genotype 1 infection in end stage renal disease patients: A prospective observational study
Hemodialysis International,Volume 22, Issue 2, Page 217-221, April 2018. (Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - October 3, 2017 Category: Hematology Authors: MandarapuSurendra , Sree BhushanRaju , NimmagaddaSridhar , BangillapatiVijay Kiran , GoliRajesh , GollaAnvesh , NallagasuRaju Source Type: research

Feasibility of sustained low efficiency dialysis in critically sick pediatric patients: A multicentric retrospective study
Hemodialysis International,Volume 22, Issue 2, Page 228-234, April 2018. (Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - October 3, 2017 Category: Hematology Authors: Sidharth K.Sethi , RajivSinha , PranawJha , NikitaWadhwani , VeenaRaghunathan , ManinderDhaliwal , Shyam B.Bansal , VijayKher , ValentineLobo , JyotiSharma , RupeshRaina Source Type: research

Late ‐onset Pompe's disease in a hemodialysis patient: A first case report
Hemodialysis International, EarlyView. (Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - October 3, 2017 Category: Hematology Source Type: research

Ledipasvir and Sofosbuvir for untreated HCV genotype 1 infection in end stage renal disease patients: A prospective observational study
Hemodialysis International, EarlyView. (Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - October 3, 2017 Category: Hematology Source Type: research

On ‐line hemodiafiltration at home
Hemodialysis International, EarlyView. (Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - October 3, 2017 Category: Hematology Source Type: research

Feasibility of sustained low efficiency dialysis in critically sick pediatric patients: A multicentric retrospective study
Hemodialysis International, EarlyView. (Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - October 3, 2017 Category: Hematology Source Type: research

Meta ‐analysis and commentary: Preemptive correction of arteriovenous access stenosis
Hemodialysis International, EarlyView. (Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - October 3, 2017 Category: Hematology Source Type: research

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Hemodialysis International, Ahead of Print. (Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - October 3, 2017 Category: Hematology Source Type: research

Meta ‐analysis and commentary: Preemptive correction of arteriovenous access stenosis
(Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - October 3, 2017 Category: Hematology Authors: Jochen G. Raimann, Levi Waldron, Elsie Koh, Gregg A. Miller, Murat H. Sor, Richard J. Gray, Peter Kotanko Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Feasibility of sustained low efficiency dialysis in critically sick pediatric patients: A multicentric retrospective study
Conclusion: SLED is a feasible method of providing renal replacement in critically ill pediatric patients. (Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - October 3, 2017 Category: Hematology Authors: Sidharth K. Sethi, Rajiv Sinha, Pranaw Jha, Nikita Wadhwani, Veena Raghunathan, Maninder Dhaliwal, Shyam B. Bansal, Vijay Kher, Valentine Lobo, Jyoti Sharma, Rupesh Raina Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Late ‐onset Pompe's disease in a hemodialysis patient: A first case report
Abstract A 37‐year‐old hemodialysis patient appeared with unusual somnolence during 2 successive hemodialysis sessions. Blood gas analysis revealed hypercapnic respiratory failure and spirometry restrictive lung disease. After exclusion of other causes of restrictive lung disease with chest CT‐scan and cerebrum MRI, electrophysiological study revealed myopathy. Because besides lordosis and limb‐girdle gait the patient was ambulant the possibility of late‐onset Pompe's disease was set and confirmed with evaluation of α‐glucosidase activity and genetic analysis. Enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) with aglucos...
Source: Hemodialysis International - October 3, 2017 Category: Hematology Authors: Theodoros Eleftheriadis, Panagiota Makri, Paschalia Karakosta, Georgios Pissas, Vassilios Liakopoulos, Helen Michelakakis, Georgios M. Hadjigeorgiou, Ioannis Stefanidis Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Dialysis disequilibrium syndrome: A rare cause of sudden breath death in a chronic hemodialysis patient
We present a unique case of a 42‐year‐old female on chronic HD, and no prior history of CNS disease, who developed brain death in the setting of DDS 2 hours into the dialysis treatment. A literature review of all previously reported cases was performed. (Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - October 1, 2017 Category: Hematology Authors: Tarun Dalia, Ahmad M. Tuffaha Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Atypical familial Mediterranean fever developed in a long ‐term hemodialysis patient
We report a case of atypical FMF that developed in a long‐term hemodialysis patient. A 65‐year‐old Japanese female undergoing hemodialysis for 32 years was referred to our hospital with a fever of unknown origin (FUO) following cervical laminoplasty. The fever occurred as recurrent attacks accompanied by oligoarthralgia of the left hip and knee. We suspected FMF because of recurrent self‐limited febrile attacks, although the patient showed atypical clinical features such as late‐onset and highly frequent attacks. After receiving treatment, she achieved a complete response to colchicine. Therefore, a diagnosis of ...
Source: Hemodialysis International - October 1, 2017 Category: Hematology Authors: Toshiyuki Makino, Yoshitatsu Ohara, Namiko Kobayashi, Yohei Kono, Ayumu Nomizu, Mariko Ichijo, Yutaro Mori, Noriaki Matsui, Dai Kishida, Takayuki Toda Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

New diagnosis of bullous pemphigoid after withdrawal of immunosuppressive therapy in a failed renal transplant recipient on hemodialysis
Abstract The occurrence of the autoimmune blistering disease, bullous pemphigoid (BP), in patients with failed renal allograft is rare and the few reported cases suggest various provocative factors without reaching a consensus. Here we report the case of a patient presenting with bullous lesions soon after the complete discontinuation of immunosuppressant therapy following renal allograft failure. Skin biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of BP. Administration of systemic corticosteroid controlled the occurrence of BP lesions in our patient. Increased clinical suspicion is warranted in cases of patients with renal transplant fai...
Source: Hemodialysis International - October 1, 2017 Category: Hematology Authors: Sohail Abdul Salim, Litty Thomas, Amanda Quorles, Seyed Mehrdad Hamrahian, Tibor F ülöp Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Online measurement of hemodialysis adequacy using effective ionic dialysance of sodium ‐A review of its principles, applications, benefits, and risks
Abstract Dialysis dose is an important determinant of clinical outcomes in patients with end stage renal disease on maintenance dialysis. In clinical practice dialysis dose is monitored at least monthly by urea clearance based on Urea Kinetic Modeling. Online clearance monitoring using effective ionic dialysance (EID) of sodium (Na+) is available on some hemodialysis machines. This paper reviews the background, methodology, additional applications, and potential risks associated with EID. Effective ionic dialysance provides a reliable, real‐time, noninvasive, and inexpensive measurement of dialysis dose during an ongoing...
Source: Hemodialysis International - October 1, 2017 Category: Hematology Authors: Shakil Aslam, Subodh J. Saggi, Moro Salifu, Robert J. Kossmann Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Spontaneous perirenal hemorrhage in hemodialysis patient treated with selective embolization: A case series and review of the literature
Discussion: We are aware that HD patients have elevated risk of bleeding related complications, additionally the presence of an acute abdominal pain increases the suspicion of SPH as a possible cause. ACKD can be considered one of the possible risk factors for SPH in long‐term HD patients. Interventional treatment for kidney injury is useful and safe for active bleeding in most cases. (Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - October 1, 2017 Category: Hematology Authors: Yun Xie, Bo Yang, Gengru Jiang, Wei Lu, Claudio Ronco Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Clinical parameters before and after the transition to dialysis
This study uniquely demonstrates the trajectories of key parameters though the transition from pre‐dialysis to post‐dialysis start. Significant differences are noted in the pre‐dialysis period for patients who survive vs. those who do not survive the first year of dialysis. Early recognition of adverse trends in the pre‐dialysis period may create opportunity to intervene to improve early dialysis outcomes. (Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - October 1, 2017 Category: Hematology Authors: Dugan W. Maddux, Len A. Usvyat, Terry Ketchersid, Yue Jiao, Tommy C. Blanchard, Peter Kotanko, Frank M. van der Sande, Jeroen P. Kooman, Franklin W. Maddux Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Factors affecting the patency of arteriovenous fistulas for hemodialysis: Single center experience
Abstract Introduction: Arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) are the preferred form vascular access for hemodialysis (HD), as they have a low rate of complications and durable function. The aim of our investigation was to analyze the factors that might influence the function of AVFs.Methods: Data were taken from the computerized patient record system in the Clinic of Urology and Nephrology, Clinical Center, Kragujevac, Serbia, for a 2‐year period. We analyzed patients who had requested re‐creation of AVFs as a secondary procedure. During this period 112 patients, 73 (65%) men and 39 (35%) women, had AVF thromboses. All relevan...
Source: Hemodialysis International - October 1, 2017 Category: Hematology Authors: Radojica V. Stolic, Goran Z. Trajkovic, Mirjana M. Kostic, Branko Mihailovic, Aleksandar N. Jovanovic, Bratislav D. Lazic, Ivana R. Matijasevi ć, Maša D. Jaksić, Zlatica M. Mirkovic, Tanja N. Smilic, Javorka S. Mitic Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Effect of incident nocturnal home hemodialysis versus incident continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis on employment rate, clinical, and laboratory outcomes: A 1 ‐year retrospective observation study
Abstract Introduction: While studies demonstrated favorable outcomes of nocturnal home hemodialysis (NHHD), direct comparison on employment rate, clinical and laboratory outcomes between the NHHD and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) had not been previously performed. Methods: A 1‐year retrospective observation study was performed in 20 incidents alternate night NHHD and 81 incident CAPD patients of Chinese ethnicity, who were sex, diabetic status, and Charlson comorbidity index matched, but not age due to our center's age limit for NHHD enrollment. The primary outcome was the difference in employment rate...
Source: Hemodialysis International - October 1, 2017 Category: Hematology Authors: John Wing Li, Joseph Ho Sing Wong, Wai Leung Chak, Ka Foon Chau Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Can a renal nurse assess fluid status using ultrasound on the inferior vena cava? A cross ‐sectional interrater study
Discussion: A renal nurse can reliably perform ultrasound of the IVC in hemodialysis patients, obtaining high quality scans for volume assessment of hemodialysis patients. This novel approach could be more routinely applied by other renal nurses to obtain objective measures of patient volume status in the dialysis setting. (Source: Hemodialysis International)
Source: Hemodialysis International - October 1, 2017 Category: Hematology Authors: Ulrich Steinwandel, Nicholas Gibson, Amanda Towell, James J. R. Rippey, Johan Rosman Tags: Original Article Source Type: research