Impact of Exercise-Based Cardiac Rehabilitation on the Mid-Term Outcomes of Patients After Acute Myocardial Infarction Treated With Current Acute-Phase Management and Optimal Medical Therapy
Early reported beneficial effects of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) have recently been disputed. The present study aimed to investigate the clinical impact of CR on the mid-term outcomes of patients following ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated with currently available management. (Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation)
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - April 15, 2021 Category: Cardiology Authors: Etsushi Kyuno, Yoshitaka Iso, Miki Tsujiuchi, Atsuo Maeda, Ryo Miyazawa, Hitoshi Kowaita, Hitomi Kitai, Tokutada Sato, Mio Ebato, Takeyuki Sambe, Hiroshi Suzuki Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Short Coaptation Length is a Predictor of Recurrent Mitral Regurgitation After Mitral Valve Plasty
This study sought to determine the prognostic factors of recurrent MR during long-term follow-up after MVP, by analysing findings of three-dimensional transoesophageal echocardiography (TEE) conducted after MVP. (Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation)
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - April 15, 2021 Category: Cardiology Authors: Haruka Sasaki, Keitaro Mahara, Mai Terada, Kanako Kishiki, Shuichiro Takanashi, Yoshio Kobayashi Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Pulmonary Vein Isolation With Ablation Index via Single Transseptal Crossing: Critical Role of Carina Isolation
Reconnection of the pulmonary veins (PVs) is the most common reason for the recurrence of atrial fibrillation (AF). The ablation index is a marker of ablation lesion quality that achieves high percentages of first-pass isolation and improved AF ablation results. Most operators use a double transseptal approach with confirmation of PV isolation with a circular mapping catheter. In the present study we aimed to show that an ablation index-guided procedure using a single transseptal approach and ablation catheter only would achieve adequate PV isolation while demonstrating the critical role of the carina in PV isolation. (Sou...
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - April 13, 2021 Category: Cardiology Authors: Raphael Rosso, Ehud Chorin, Arie Lorin Schwartz, Yuval Levi, Aviram Hochstadt, Sami Viskin Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Pulmonary Artery Proportional Pulse Pressure (PAPP) Index Identifies Patients With Improved Survival From the CardioMEMS Implantable Pulmonary Artery Pressure Monitor
Pulmonary artery proportional pulse pressure (PAPP) was recently shown to have prognostic value in heart failure (HF) with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) and pulmonary hypertension. We tested the hypothesis that PAPP would be predictive of adverse outcomes in patients with implantable pulmonary artery pressure monitor (CardioMEMS ™ HF System, St. Jude Medical [now Abbott], Atlanta, GA, USA). (Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation)
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - April 13, 2021 Category: Cardiology Authors: Sula Mazimba, Greg Ginn, Hunter Mwansa, Olusola Laja, Christiana Jeukeng, Comfort Elumogo, Brandy Patterson, Jamie L.W. Kennedy, Nishaki Mehta, John A. Hossack, Alex M. Parker, Andrew Mihalek, Jose Tallaj, Nishtha Sodhi, Younghoon Kwon, Salpy V. Pamboukia Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Predictors of New-Onset Atrial Tachyarrhythmias After Transcatheter Atrial Septal Defect Closure in Adults
This study investigated unknown risk factors for the development of new-onset ATA after transcatheter ASD closure in patients without a history of ATA. (Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation)
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - April 13, 2021 Category: Cardiology Authors: Kotaro Miura, Mai Kimura, Atsushi Anzai, Takahide Arai, Takashi Kawakami, Shinsuke Yuasa, Kentaro Hayashida, Jin Endo, Hikaru Tsuruta, Yuji Itabashi, Akio Kawamura, Keiichi Fukuda, Hideaki Kanazawa Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Pregnancy Outcomes and Risk Evaluation in a Contemporary Adult Congenital Heart Disease Cohort
More women with congenital heart disease (CHD) are surviving to childbearing age. In this population pregnancy results in a higher rate of adverse events for the mother and offspring. We sought to evaluate outcomes in our cohort and relate these to previously developed risk classifications. (Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation)
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - April 13, 2021 Category: Cardiology Authors: Alyssa Kirby, Elizabeth Curtis, Stephanie Hlohovsky, Allan Brown, Clare O ’Donnell Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Size Does Matter – Intervention in Right-Sided Endocarditis
Right-sided infective endocarditis (IE) is a growing problem due to the increase in intravenous drug use and the rising prevalence of implanted intracardiac devices and chronic indwelling catheters for chemotherapy and dialysis within our ageing population. The paper by Ye and colleagues, in this issue of Heart, Lung and Circulation [1], is a retrospective review of the contemporary experience with right-sided IE at St Vincent's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia, which services a large population of intravenous drug users (IVDU). (Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation)
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - April 9, 2021 Category: Cardiology Authors: Cheng He, Jai S. Raman Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation)
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - April 9, 2021 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Heart Foundation
(Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation)
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - April 9, 2021 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand
(Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation)
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - April 9, 2021 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Reducing Potential COVID19 Exposure With Coronary Computed Tomography for Left Atrial Appendage Assessment: A Tool For Our Time
(Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation)
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - April 2, 2021 Category: Cardiology Authors: Manuja Premaratne, Gerard Sloan, Melanie Werkmeister, Louise Bentley, Edward O ’Rourke Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Long-Term Outcomes Following Rapid Access Chest Pain Clinic Assessment: First Australian Data
Australian guidelines recommend prompt evaluation of patients presenting to emergency departments with chest pain, found to be low risk for acute coronary syndromes, and cardiologist-led Rapid Access Chest Pain Clinics (RACPC) have been proposed as a model to provide such care.Initial Australian experience of RACPCs suggests excellent short-term outcomes, and that they are cost-beneficial, though little data exists examining longer-term outcomes.The present study therefore examines such longer-term outcomes to beyond 5 years following presentation to a RACPC, in an Australian tertiary metropolitan centre. (Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation)
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - April 1, 2021 Category: Cardiology Authors: Chris Yu, Susana Brazete, Janice Gullick, M. Tessa Garcia, David Brieger, Leonard Kritharides, Chris Naoum, Austin C.C. Ng, Harry C. Lowe Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Cardiac Inflammation After Myocardial Infarction and its Impact on Ventricular Arrhythmias
Heart disease remains the leading cause of death globally and a significant proportion of this burden is due to sudden cardiac death (SCD), predicated by underlying ischaemic heart disease (IHD) [1]. It is thought that up to 40% of total heart disease mortality is directly from SCD, with SCD rates 10-fold higher in the first 30 days after myocardial infarction (MI) [2]. The current treatment paradigm for MI focusses on restoring coronary perfusion after coronary artery occlusion. Minimising time from symptom onset to reperfusion is critical and has been shown to improve outcomes [3]. (Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation)
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - April 1, 2021 Category: Cardiology Authors: Tejas Deshmukh, Saurabh Kumar, James J.H. Chong Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Assessing the Impact of Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation on Cardiac Catheterisation: A Multicentric Study
The success rate of coronary angiography (CA) after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is variable. Our aim was to investigate CA difficulty, outcomes, and predictors of difficult CA after TAVI. (Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation)
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - March 31, 2021 Category: Cardiology Authors: Yinghao Lim, Carlo Francisco Santos Gochuico, Fabrizio D ’Ascenzo, Kay Woon Ho, Mao-Shin Lin, Iván J. Núñez Gil, Alfonso Ielasi, Maurizio Tespili, Alex Castro Mejía, Alessandro DePaoli, Jonathan Yap, Hsien-Li Kao, Michael Kang-Yin Lee, Edgar Tay Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Repeat Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting: A Meta-Analysis of Off-Pump versus On-Pump Techniques in a Large Cohort of Patients
Redo coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) can be performed with either the off-pump (OPCAB) or the on-pump (ONCAB) technique. (Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation)
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - March 30, 2021 Category: Cardiology Authors: Andreas Tzoumas, Stefanos Giannopoulos, Fotis Kakargias, Damianos G. Kokkinidis, George Giannakoulas, Robert T. Faillace, Christos Bakoyiannis, Ilias P. Doulamis, Dimitrios V. Avgerinos Tags: Review Source Type: research

Safety and Long-Term Clinical Outcomes of Fractional Flow Reserve Guided Coronary Revascularisation
This study aimed to assess the in-hospital complications and clinical outcomes up to 10 years after FFR-guided revascularisation at a tertiary Australian hospital. (Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation)
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - March 26, 2021 Category: Cardiology Authors: Timothy G. Scully, Liam Toner, Julian Yeoh, Omar Farouque, Matias B. Yudi, Mark Horrigan, David J. Clark Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Adjunctive Intracoronary Fibrinolytic Therapy During Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
Despite routinely restoring epicardial coronary patency, with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), microvascular obstruction affects approximately half of patients and confers an adverse prognosis. There are no evidence-based treatments for microvascular obstruction. A key contributor to microvascular obstruction is distal embolisation and microvascular thrombi. Adjunctive intracoronary fibrinolytic therapy may reduce thrombotic burden, potentially reducing distal embolisation of atherothrombotic debris to the microcirculation. (Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation)
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - March 26, 2021 Category: Cardiology Authors: Annette Maznyczka, Peter A.J. Haworth Tags: Review Source Type: research

Y-shaped Bifurcated Graft to Pulmonary Arteries After Arterial Switch Operation
Pulmonary artery stenosis is a frequent complication after arterial switch operation. This case study presented a complex pulmonary artery stenosis initially treated with bilateral pulmonary artery stenting. The patient was found to have aortic valve endocarditis and recurrent pulmonary artery stenosis. The aortic valve was replaced and the pulmonary valve was repaired, followed by interposition of a Y-shaped graft from the sinotubular junction to both pulmonary arteries. The patient had an uneventful recovery and was discharged home asymptomatic after endocarditis antibacterial treatment. (Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation)
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - March 19, 2021 Category: Cardiology Authors: Leonardo Augusto Miana, Valdano Manuel, Val éria Melo Moreira, Marcelo Biscegli Jatene Tags: How-To-Do-It Source Type: research

Decline Is Not Inevitable: Exercise Capacity Trajectory in an Australian and New Zealand Fontan Cohort
In people with a Fontan circulation, serial cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) to evaluate change in peak exercise capacity has been increasingly recognised as a useful prognostic tool; a decline is associated with adverse clinical outcomes. The aim of this study is to describe the “natural” history of exercise capacity in the Australian and New Zealand (ANZ) Fontan cohort and to identify factors associated with a decline. (Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation)
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - March 18, 2021 Category: Cardiology Authors: Derek L. Tran, Cameron Rodrigues, Karin du Plessis, Diana Zannino, Glen M. Davis, David S. Celermajer, Yves d'Udekem, Rachael Cordina Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation)
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - March 17, 2021 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Updated Heart Maps
Josh Knight, BSc, PhD (Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation)
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - March 17, 2021 Category: Cardiology Tags: Heart Foundation Source Type: research

Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand
(Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation)
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - March 17, 2021 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

The Effects of Spironolactone and Eplerenone on Left Ventricular Function Using Echocardiography in Symptomatic Patients With New-Onset Systolic Heart Failure: A Comparative Randomised Controlled Trial
This study compared the effects of spironolactone and eplerenone on the echocardiographic variables of the left ventricular (LV) function in symptomatic patients diagnosed with new-onset systolic HF. (Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation)
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - March 17, 2021 Category: Cardiology Authors: Maryam Nabati, Sasan Tabiban, Afshin Khani, Jamshid Yazdani, Hamideh Vafainezhad Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Predictors of Cardiac Implantable Electronic Device Artifact on Cardiac MRI: The Utility of a Device Related Score
Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) image quality can be degraded by artifact in patients with cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIED). We aimed to establish a clinical risk score, so patient selection for diagnostic CMR could be optimised. (Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation)
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - March 17, 2021 Category: Cardiology Authors: Duygu Kocyigit, Mostafa Abozeed, Deborah H. Kwon, Scott D. Flamm, Bruce L. Wilkoff, Christine L. Jellis Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Simple Retrieval Technique of the Elephant Trunk by Partial Aortic Clamping
The frozen elephant trunk technique for various thoracic aortic diseases is widely accepted to facilitate future downstream aortic surgery. However, in some cases, the descending aorta is unsuitable for cross-clamping due to progressive aneurysmal changes or dense adhesions to surrounding structures, and frozen elephant trunk retrieval becomes challenging. This paper presents a case of successful frozen elephant trunk retrieval by partial clamping of the descending aortic aneurysm without dissection of peri-aneurysmal adhesions, and subsequent encircling. (Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation)
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - March 17, 2021 Category: Cardiology Authors: Kimihiro Kobayashi, Tetsuro Uchida, Jun Hayashi, Yoshinori Kuroda, Atsushi Yamashita, Eiichi Ohba, Shingo Nakai, Tomonori Ochiai Tags: How-To-Do-It Source Type: research

Outcomes in Dialysis-Dependent Indigenous and Non-Indigenous Patients Undergoing Cardiac Surgery at Townsville University Hospital
Dialysis-dependent patients have a high risk of cardiovascular death but also a high risk for perioperative mortality in cardiac surgery. Our study examined surgical complications and mortality in Indigenous and non-Indigenous dialysis-dependent patients undergoing cardiac surgery at a single centre. (Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation)
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - March 17, 2021 Category: Cardiology Authors: Sarah Page, Matthew S. Yong, Pankaj Saxena, Sumit Yadav Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Obstructive Sleep Apnoea and Cardiac Disease Among Aboriginal Patients in the Northern Territory of Australia
This study evaluates the association of various cardiac disease profiles among Aboriginal patients undergoing a diagnostic polysomnography (PSG). (Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation)
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - March 16, 2021 Category: Cardiology Authors: Subash S. Heraganahally, Brinthan Rajaratnam, Sampathawaduge A.A.S. Silva, Nicola Robinson, Victor M. Oguoma, Pyi Naing, Nadarajah Kangaharan, Marcus Ilton Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Early and Intermediate-Term Results for the Combined Superior Approach Correction of Supracardiac Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection in Neonatal Patients
There are different surgical approaches used for repairing a supracardiac total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC), with different results. This retrospective study evaluated the outcomes of surgical repair for supracardiac TAPVC through the combined superior approach in neonatal patients. (Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation)
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - March 13, 2021 Category: Cardiology Authors: Runqian Sui, Jie Zi, Decai Li, Qingbao Li, Anbiao Wang Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Effect of Outcome Measures on the Apparent Efficacy of Ablation for Atrial Fibrillation: Why “Success” is an Inappropriate Term
Different endpoint criteria, different durations of follow up and the completeness of follow-up can dramatically affect the perceived benefits of atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation. (Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation)
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - March 13, 2021 Category: Cardiology Authors: Nicholas Jackson, Ehsan Mahmoodi, Jim Leitch, Malcolm Barlow, Allan Davies, Nicholas Collins, Lucy Leigh, Christopher Oldmeadow, Andrew Boyle Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Enhanced Recovery After Thoracic Surgery (ERATS)
Decreasing the length of stay after thoracic surgery provides both clinical and financial benefits to both the patient and the clinical system. Since 2017, our institution has seen advancements in the care of patients undergoing thoracic surgery after utilising our protocol Enhanced Recovery After Thoracic Surgery (ERATS). (Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation)
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - March 13, 2021 Category: Cardiology Authors: Tyler B. Draeger, Vanessa R. Gibson, Gloria Fernandes, Shahriyour K. Andaz Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

The Learning Curves for Transradial and Ultrasound-Guided Arterial Access: An Analysis of the SURF Trial
Historically, coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary intervention involved accessing the femoral artery via palpation. However, recently there has been a trend towards using a transradial approach and ultrasound guidance for arterial access. Studies have shown that these techniques respectively improve major bleeding rates and access outcomes. There have been no studies conducted that assess the time it takes to train operators to attain proficiency. This sub-analysis of the Standard versus Ultrasound-guided Radial and Femoral access in coronary angiography and intervention (SURF) trial aims to assess the number of...
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - March 12, 2021 Category: Cardiology Authors: Sumedh Jayanti, Craig Juergens, Angela Makris, Annemarie Hennessy, Phong Nguyen Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Outcomes of 1,098 Patients Following Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation: A Statewide Population-Linkage Cohort Study
The increasing implementation of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) in Australia warrants real-world data on the prevalence and outcomes of these patients. The aim of this study is to describe trends in case-volumes of TAVI in New South Wales (NSW), Australia and associated mortality outcomes. (Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation)
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - March 12, 2021 Category: Cardiology Authors: Andrew-Hyun Lee, Austin Chin Chwan Ng, Andy Sze Chiang Yong, Karice Hyun, David Brieger, Leonard Kritharides, Vincent Chow Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Atrial Fibrillation in Remote Indigenous and Non-Indigenous Individuals Hospitalised in Central Australia
The epidemiology of atrial fibrillation (AF) amongst Indigenous populations remains poorly characterised. We studied hospitalisations for AF in Central Australia, the most populous Indigenous region in the country. (Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation)
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - March 12, 2021 Category: Cardiology Authors: Nicholas Clarke, Celine Gallagher, Bradley M. Pitman, Samuel J. Tu, Sonia Huang, Nicole Hanna-Rivero, Nadarajah Kangaharan, Kurt C. Roberts-Thomson, Dennis H. Lau, Rajiv Mahajan, Prashanthan Sanders, Christopher X. Wong Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Prosthetic Arch Branch Graft Injury by a Fractured Sternal Wire: A Word of Caution
A 74-year-old man with a history of bronchial asthma underwent total arch replacement and coronary artery bypass grafting. He was discharged without any major complications except for postoperative coughing attacks, which caused a third sternal wire fracture and partial sternal dehiscence (Figure  1A, Figures 2A and D). He was asymptomatic and without sternal instability at 3 months after surgery. However, chest radiography (CXR) revealed migration of the fractured sternal wire (Figure 1B), and computed tomography (CT) showed close contact between the edge of the fractured sternal wire an d the arch branch g...
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - March 11, 2021 Category: Cardiology Authors: Kimihiro Kobayashi, Tetsuro Uchida, Yoshinori Kuroda, Atsushi Yamashita, Jun Hayashi Tags: Images in CT Surgery and Cardiology Source Type: research

Frailty Status and Patient-Reported Outcomes in Octogenarians Following Transcatheter or Surgical Aortic Valve Replacement
Frailty status and patient-reported outcomes are especially pertinent in octogenarians following transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) to guide treatment decisions and promote patient-centred care. (Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation)
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - March 10, 2021 Category: Cardiology Authors: Astri Tafjord Frantzen, Leslie S.P. Eide, Bengt Fridlund, Rune Haaverstad, Karl Ove Hufthammer, Karel K.J. Kuiper, Sandra Lauck, Anette H. Ranhoff, James L. Rudolph, Elisabeth Skaar, Tone M. Norekv ål, the CARDELIR Investigators Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Association Between Indigenous Status and Severity of Coronary Artery Disease: A Comparison of Coronary Angiogram Findings in Patients With Chest Pain Presenting to a Regional Hospital Emergency Department
This study assessed the association between Indigenous status and the severity of CAD in patients presenting with chest pain at a regional hospital emergency department. (Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation)
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - March 9, 2021 Category: Cardiology Authors: Kyi T.H. Win, Theophilus I. Emeto, Cobi Adams, Raibhan Yadav, Lachlan Fairley, Benjamin Thomas, Harshithaa Thavarajah, Nita Danda, Htet N. Wai, Ru H. New, Miguel A. Mu ñoz, Sonali Basu Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Is Australasia Ready for Sonographer-led Stress Echocardiography?
Functional testing for ischaemic heart disease provides valuable diagnostic and prognostic data, and stress echocardiography (SE) is well demonstrated to be an accurate, safe, and cost-effective procedure [1]. However, access to SE can be limited by the availability of appropriately trained physicians, particularly outside major city centres. In response, many institutions have explored the feasibility of using highly specialised physiologists to supervise the SE with limited or no cardiologist interaction, introducing the concept of competent ‘supervision’ in appropriate circumstances— including defined ...
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - March 7, 2021 Category: Cardiology Authors: Anthony Forshaw, John F. Younger, Sean Coffey, Gillian A. Whalley Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Atrial Fibrillation as a Predictor of Mortality in High Risk COVID-19 Patients: A Multicentre Study of 171 Patients
Certain patient demographics and biomarkers have been suggested to predict survival in patients infected with COVID-19. However, predictors of outcome in patients who are critically ill are unclear. (Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation)
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - March 6, 2021 Category: Cardiology Authors: Randy J. Ip, Abbas Ali, Zulfiqar Qutrio Baloch, Abdullah Al-Abcha, Chris Jacob, Jelena Arnautovic, Manel Boumegouas, Steven Do, Krishna Meka, Matthew Wilcox, John Ip Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in acute respiratory distress syndrome: how do we expand capacity in the COVID-19 era?
(Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation)
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - March 3, 2021 Category: Cardiology Authors: Anna Peeler, Kelly T. Gleason, Sung-Min Cho, Patricia M. Davidson Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Missed Opportunities to Initiate Oral Anticoagulant in Atrial Fibrillation: Insights from Australian Acute Coronary Syndrome Registries
Many patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) do not receive oral anticoagulant (OAC) therapy. The aims of this study were to 1) document receipt of OAC among patients with a history of AF admitted with an acute coronary syndrome (ACS); and to 2) determine whether hospital admission was associated with an improvement in prescription of OAC therapy. (Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation)
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - February 25, 2021 Category: Cardiology Authors: Miles Ma, Karice Hyun, Mario D ’Souza, Derek Chew, David Brieger Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Cardiac Platypnoea-Orthodeoxia Syndrome – Supine and Upright Transoesophageal Echocardiography
A 56-year-old lady presented with a 2-month history of progressive dyspnoea and fatigue (New York Heart Association [NYHA] III), on a background of B cell lymphoma complicated by thrombocytopaenia (baseline platelet count 50 109/L). A computed tomography (CT) chest demonstrated no cause to account for the patient ’s dyspnoea. However during the CT it was noted on pulse oximetry the patient’s hypoxia resolved in the supine position. (Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation)
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - February 25, 2021 Category: Cardiology Authors: Kenneth Cho, Hannah Kempton, David Roy Tags: Image Source Type: research

Modulation of SK Channels: Insight Into Therapeutics of Atrial Fibrillation
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most prevalent cardiac arrhythmia in the world. Although much technological progress in the treatment of AF has been made, there is an urgent need for better treatment of AF due to its high rates of morbidity and mortality. The anti-arrhythmic drugs currently approved for marketing have significant limitations and side effects such as life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias and hypotension. The small conductance Ca2+-activated K+ channels (SK channels) are dependent on intracellular Ca2+ concentrations, which tightly integrate with membrane potential. (Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation)
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - February 25, 2021 Category: Cardiology Authors: Miao-Miao Qi, Ling-Ling Qian, Ru-Xing Wang Tags: Review Source Type: research

Re: CMRI in Congenital Heart Disease Patients: Concerns Over Patient Safety Because of Inadequate Accreditation Procedures for MRI Scanning and Reporting
We write representing the specialties of Adult and Paediatric Congenital Heart Disease (CHD) and wish to bring to the Journal ’s attention the current discordance between accepted “best practice” internationally for standards applied to training in cardiac MRI (CMRI) for CHD and what is current “acceptable” practice within Australia and New Zealand. (Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation)
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - February 23, 2021 Category: Cardiology Authors: Raj Puranik, Oliver Tann, Chris Occleshaw, David Celermajer, Leeanne Grigg, Andrew Bullock, Sylvia Chen, Martin Ugander, Rachael Cordina, Julian Ayer Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

The String Puppet Technique to Improve Exposure in Totally Endoscopic Mitral Valve Surgery
To determine the feasibility of the string puppet technique as a flexible, dynamic alternative to atrial retractors in totally endoscopic non-robotic mitral and tricuspid valve surgeries. (Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation)
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - February 22, 2021 Category: Cardiology Authors: Prabhu Manohar, Rakesh Naik L, Prasanna Simha Mohan Rao Tags: How-To-Do-It Source Type: research

Lifetime Costs of Hospitalised Cardiovascular Disease in Australia: An Incidence-Based Estimate
To estimate the incidence-based, lifetime costs of health care and productivity losses associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) using hospital admission data from Queensland, Australia. (Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation)
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - February 22, 2021 Category: Cardiology Authors: Son Nghiem, Clifford Afoakwah, Joshua Byrnes, Paul Scuffham Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Towards OPtimising Care of Regionally-Based Cardiac Patients With a Telehealth Cardiology Pharmacist Alinic (TOPCare Cardiology)
Cardiovascular disease is a major burden on the health of Australians, and cardiac health disparities exist for those who live outside of metropolitan areas. Poor patient medication literacy was identified by cardiologists at a regional Victorian health service as a barrier to medication optimisation and a factor in inefficiency in their service. Studies in Australia and overseas have shown pharmacists involved in multi-disciplinary and pre-admission models result in more accurate medication histories, increased patient medication knowledge and lower medication related adverse events. (Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation)
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - February 20, 2021 Category: Cardiology Authors: Adam C. Livori, Jaclyn L. Bishop, Sophie E. Ping, Ernesto Oqueli, Rosemary Aldrich, Aaron M. Fitzpatrick, David C.M. Kong Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Echocardiographic Manifestations in COVID-19: A Review
COVID-19 has rapidly spread around the world and threatened global health. Although this disease mainly affects the respiratory system, there is increasing evidence that SARS-CoV-2 also has effects on the cardiovascular system. Echocardiography is a valuable tool in the assessment of cardiovascular disease. It is cost-effective, widely available and provides information that can influence management. Given the risk of personnel infection and equipment contamination during echocardiography, leading world societies have recommended performing echocardiography only when a clinical benefit is likely, favouring focused evaluati...
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - February 19, 2021 Category: Cardiology Authors: Edgar Francisco Carrizales-Sep úlveda, Raymundo Vera-Pineda, Ramiro Flores-Ramírez, Dalí Alejandro Hernández-Guajardo, Eduardo Pérez-Contreras, Marcelo Mario Lozano-Ibarra, Alejandro Ordaz-Farías Tags: Review Source Type: research

Connecting Hearts 2023
Amanda Buttery, BAppSci, MSc, PhD Julie Ann Mitchell, BA, MPH (Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation)
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - February 18, 2021 Category: Cardiology Tags: Societies Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation)
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - February 18, 2021 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Tricuspid Valve Prosthesis Choice: The Only Railroad to the Truth is to Conduct a Randomised Controlled Trial
In this issue of Heart, Lung and Circulation, Negm et  al. report a meta-analysis of outcomes of tricuspid valve replacement (TVR) with mechanical versus bioprosthetic valves [1]. The authors included a total of 23 retrospective studies reported between 2002 and 2019, involving 945 mechanical and 1,332 biological tricuspid valve prostheses. The author s found an equal risk of 30-day and late mortality, reoperation, and 5-year valve failure in patients with mechanical TVR versus biological TVR. This editorial is an effort to shed light on issues affecting their conclusions, and the need to keep an open mind regarding p...
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - February 18, 2021 Category: Cardiology Authors: Adam El-Gamel Tags: Editorial Source Type: research