Development of a gender-relevant tobacco cessation intervention for women in Brazil —an intervention mapping approach to planning
AbstractThe purpose of this article is to describe the development of a theory-based, culturally and gender-relevant Community Health Worker (CWH)-led tobacco cessation intervention for low-income Brazilian women who augments the tobacco cessation program offered through the public health system using Intervention Mapping (IM). We began with the establishment of a network of representatives from different segments of society followed by comprehensive needs assessments. We then established a logical planning process that was guided by a theoretical framework (Social Cognitive Theory) and existing evidence-based tobacco cess...
Source: Health Education Research - September 8, 2019 Category: Research Source Type: research
The application of geographic information systems (ArcGIS) in selecting locations for installing banners and billboards in a health campaign
This study was conducted with the aim of using geographic information systems (ArcGIS) for selecting the best location for installing banners and billboards in a health campaign. This research was an analytical and applied research conducted in Sirjan city, Iran in 2018. In this research, GIS and fuzzy logic methods were used. In order to implement the fuzzy operator in the GIS environment, initially, the main influencing criteria in location selection were determined. Then the weighted layers were put on top of each other and, by considering the sub criteria, the most suitable places to install banners and billboards were...
Source: Health Education Research - September 8, 2019 Category: Research Source Type: research
Examining smoke-free coalitions in Armenia and Georgia: baseline community capacity
AbstractLocal coalitions can advance public health initiative but have not been widely used or well-studied in low- and middle-income countries. This paper provides (i) an overview of an ongoing matched-pairs community-randomized controlled trial in 28 communities in Armenia and Georgia (N = 14/country) testing local coalitions to promote smoke-free policies/enforcement and (ii) characteristics of the communities involved. In July –August 2018, key informants (e.g. local public health center directors) were surveyed to compare their non-communicable disease (NCD) and tobacco-related activities across countries and ac...
Source: Health Education Research - August 26, 2019 Category: Research Source Type: research
Process evaluation of a community-based diabetes prevention program in China: the Pathway to Health (PATH)
AbstractHigh prevalence of diabetes and prediabetes has emerged as a concern in China. The Pathway to Health Program was designed to prevent type 2 diabetes onset in prediabetic women in a north China urban community. This process evaluation of a randomized controlled trial analysed participant surveys at the 6- and 12-month assessment times, participant weekly logs, class attendance records and post-study participant focus group results. The reported levels of participant engagement in physical activity (PA)-related behaviors were higher than diet-related behaviors at the 6-month assessment. The engagement in both PA- and...
Source: Health Education Research - August 2, 2019 Category: Research Source Type: research
Development and acceptability of a peer-paired, cross-cultural and cross-generational storytelling HPV intervention for Korean American college women
This study reports the development of a cross-cultural, cross-generational storytelling HPV intervention using a peer-paired method, in which two storytellers interactively share their stories, as a particular innovation that might resonate with Korean American young women. The acceptability of the intervention was assessed by self-reported satisfaction and endorsement with the intervention in a pilot randomized control trial (RCT). We compared participants ’ responses to the intervention by their generation and cultural identity. One hundred and four Korean college women between the ages of 18–26 were recruite...
Source: Health Education Research - July 11, 2019 Category: Research Source Type: research
Culture-centeredness in community-based participatory research: contributions to health education intervention research
AbstractHealth education research emphasizes the importance of cultural understanding and fit to achieve meaningful psycho-social research outcomes, community responsiveness and external validity to enhance health equity. However, many interventions address cultural fit through cultural competence and sensitivity approaches that are often superficial. The purpose of this study was to better situate culture within health education by operationalizing and testing new measures of the deeply grounded culture-centered approach (CCA) within the context of community-based participatory research (CBPR). A nation-wide mixed method ...
Source: Health Education Research - June 25, 2019 Category: Research Source Type: research
Patterns of drinking alcohol and intentions to binge drink among medical students in Vietnam
This study aims to establish drinking patterns and examine the factors underlying Vietnamese medical students ’ binge drinking intention and behaviour. This study used a prospective-correlational design, with two waves of data collection, drawing from established health behaviour models. At Time 1, 206 students completed the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test, the standard Theory of Planned Behaviou r measures (attitude, subjective norm and perceived behavioural control) and their underlying beliefs, as well as group norm, role identity, drinking culture and past binge drinking behaviour. At Time 2, 156 medical...
Source: Health Education Research - June 5, 2019 Category: Research Source Type: research
Corrigendum to: A community intervention study on patients ’ resuscitation and defibrillation quality after embedded training in a cardiac rehabilitation program
Health Education Research, (2019). doi:10.1093/her/cyz002. (Source: Health Education Research)
Source: Health Education Research - June 3, 2019 Category: Research Source Type: research
How to foster informed decision making about food supplements: results from an international Delphi study
This study identified the important characteristics of (i) informed decision making about food supplement use and (ii) important factors indicating how to communicate about food supplements to foster informed decision making. An online three-round Delphi study was conducted. International experts within the field of (risk) communication about food supplements or related fields were recruited via email. The participants' age ranged from 25 to 69 years, and sample sizes for the three rounds were 38, 89 and 51, respectively. Experts indicated that for making an informed decision about food supplement use one needs to have kno...
Source: Health Education Research - June 1, 2019 Category: Research Source Type: research
Integrating multiple community perspectives in intervention development
AbstractWe offer a framework and exemplify how to integrate multiple community perspectives in research to develop breast cancer screening interventions among Latinas non-adherent to national guidelines. We leverage members of an academic institution ’s community consultative service [community engagement advisory board (CEAB) members]; study team members [community health workers (CHWs)] and study-eligible individuals (non-adherent Latinas). First, we asked what was needed from CEAB members (N=17), CHWs (N=14) and non-adherent Latinas (N=20) in one-time semi-structured group consultations and focus groups. Second, w...
Source: Health Education Research - May 23, 2019 Category: Research Source Type: research
Outcomes of the Adelante community social marketing campaign for Latino youth
AbstractThe authors designed and evaluated an innovative, branded campaign called ‘Adelante’ to promote positive youth development (PYD) and reduce risk behaviors among Latino youth near Washington, DC. Repeated cross-sectional surveys were conducted in the intervention and a comparison community to evaluate campaign exposure and changes in PYD outcomes. The sample consisted of 1549 Latino and immigrant adolescents surveyed at three time points in intervention and comparison communities. A social marketing campaign was implemented using outdoor advertising, Web, video and social media channels to promote PYD an...
Source: Health Education Research - May 18, 2019 Category: Research Source Type: research
Human papillomavirus vaccination among diverse college students in the state of Georgia: who receives recommendation, who initiates and what are the reasons?
AbstractYoung adulthood is a critical time for catch-up HPV vaccination. We assessed predictors of vaccine recommendation and initiation among college students. We analysed cross-sectional surveys from 2397 students using multivariable logistic regressions. Guided by the Socio-ecological and Health Belief Models, measures included socio-demographic characteristics, intrapersonal measures (e.g. vaccine beliefs), interpersonal measures (e.g. doctor ’s recommendation) and institutional-level measures (e.g. college settings). The sample included students from private, public, technical and historically black colleges/uni...
Source: Health Education Research - May 12, 2019 Category: Research Source Type: research
The Real Cost: Alaska ’s innovative media campaign to raise awareness about the direct and indirect costs of smoking to society
AbstractSmoking incurs heavy financial costs for direct medical expenditures and lost productivity related to premature death. The Alaska Tobacco Prevention and Control Program designed a media campaign called ‘The Real Cost’ to raise awareness of the economic cost of smoking to all Alaskans, regardless of their smoking status. The campaign presented this information through television and radio ads between December 2012 and March 2013. The first ad, ‘Dream Scene’, focused on overall cost of smoki ng to Alaska. The second ad, ‘Oil Change’, focused on lost productivity. We conducted three...
Source: Health Education Research - May 6, 2019 Category: Research Source Type: research
Colorectal cancer knowledge and screening adherence among low-income Hispanic employees
AbstractHispanics have the lowest colorectal cancer (CRC) screening rates of all racial/ethnic groups and comprise the largest proportion of low-income manual laborers in the nation. We partnered with businesses to implement a community health worker (CHW)-led intervention among Hispanic workers in service-related and manual labor occupations, which often pay low wages and do not provide health insurance. CHWs measured knowledge, screening adherence and perceptions of CRC risk before and after educational interventions via interview. CHWs provided fecal immunochemical tests (FITs) to participants aged ≥50 years. Chi-squ...
Source: Health Education Research - April 28, 2019 Category: Research Source Type: research
‘Swimming mosquitoes’: a key stepping stone to prevent Dengue, Zika and Chikungunya: an educative experience in Colima, Mexico
AbstractDengue, Zika and Chikungunya arboviruses (DZC), mainly transmitted by mosquitoAedes aegypti, are global health public issues affecting 390 million people each year. In most endemic countries, vector control strategies have been focused on reducing breeding sites and adult mosquito populations. Most health communication strategies have pointed out adult mosquito as the main responsible of the transmission, persuading people to eliminate domestic containers. However, it is not clear how should people understand the relationship between adult mosquitoes and water domestic containers. So, the main goal of the present s...
Source: Health Education Research - April 16, 2019 Category: Research Source Type: research
SPEEK: effect evaluation of a Ghanaian school-based and peer-led sexual education programme
AbstractIn sub-Saharan Africa, theory and evidenced-based interventions that are systematically designed and using sound evaluation methods to report on effectiveness are limited. A sex education programme called SPEEK was developed, implemented and evaluated in Ghana using the Intervention Mapping approach. SPEEK aimed at delaying sexual initiation, reducing sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and preventing pregnancy, targeting junior high school students in a West African rural setting. The final programme included 11 (interactive) lessons using a diverse range of theory-based methods. In this article, we report on t...
Source: Health Education Research - July 17, 2018 Category: Research Source Type: research
The impact of educational intervention based on the health belief model on observing standard precautions among emergency center nurses in Sirjan, Iran
AbstractProviding health care services has always been considered as a hazardous job due to a number of reasons. The risk of blood-borne viruses and the importance of their prevention has led to the formulation of principles called standard precautions (SPs). The goal of this study was to investigate the impact of an educational intervention based on the Health Belief Model constructs on the behavior of nurses in emergency centers regarding observing SPs in Sirjan, Iran. This was a quasi-experimental study. The study population included 100 emergency personnel working in health centers in Sirjan city (of Iran), who were ra...
Source: Health Education Research - July 10, 2018 Category: Research Source Type: research
Immediate effects of a brief intervention to prevent alcohol and medication interactions among older adults
AbstractRisk of experiencing alcohol and medication interactions (AMI) is significant among older adults due to the substantial prevalence of alcohol and medication use in this segment of the population. Given the lack of community-level AMI prevention interventions for older adults, this study aimed to examine the immediate effects of a brief, pharmacy-based intervention to prevent AMI among older adults, as well as assess differential effects by past-month drinking status. A convenience sample of 134 adults aged 59 and older was recruited from four pharmacies in rural Virginia. Participants were assessed on their AMI awa...
Source: Health Education Research - July 5, 2018 Category: Research Source Type: research
Using the consolidated framework for implementation research to understand safety net health system efforts to increase colorectal cancer screening rates
This study provides a detailed description of how facilitating and inhibiting factors influenced the implementation of evidence-based practices related to CRC screening within safety net health systems. These findings can inform future efforts to promote evidence-based strategies to increase CRC screening rates in safety net health systems. (Source: Health Education Research)
Source: Health Education Research - July 2, 2018 Category: Research Source Type: research
Predictors of dropout in the school-based multi-component intervention, ‘Mexa-se’
AbstractTo identify the predictors of dropout in the ‘Mexa-se’ intervention according to the body mass index (BMI) category. This was a controlled, non-randomized study. The intervention included: (i) increase in the intensity of physical activities (PA) in physical education (PE) classes; (ii) active recess; (iii) educational sessions on PA, nutr ition and body image; and (iv) educational materials. Dropout was considered when students dropped out of intervention, or did not reach 75% attendance in PE classes. The independent variables were gender, age, study period, socioeconomic status, BMI, PA, screen time,...
Source: Health Education Research - June 23, 2018 Category: Research Source Type: research
Understanding women ’s stories about drinking: implications for health interventions
AbstractAlcohol consumption poses significant health and safety risks to women. Understanding why women drink and how they experience drinking is the first step in creating efficacious interventions and effective social support programs. Presented here is a qualitative study examining stories women told about drinking on a blog: drinkingdiariesk.com. Eighty-nine stories categorized as ‘in-depth, personal and insightful essays’ were analysed and four narratives were identified about women’s drinking in different stages in their lives: youth (narrative of good girl and narrative of bad girl), adulthood (nar...
Source: Health Education Research - June 2, 2018 Category: Research Source Type: research
Cessation and reduction in smoking behavior: impact of creating a smoke-free home on smokers
AbstractThe aim of this study was to assess the effect of a creating a smoke-free home (SFH) on cessation and reduction of cigarette smoking on low-income smokers. This secondary data analysis uses data from study participants who were originally recruited through 2-1-1 information and referral call centers in Atlanta (Georgia, 2013), North Carolina (2014) and the Texas Gulf Coast (2015) across three randomized controlled trials testing an intervention aimed at creating SFHs, pooling data from 941 smokers. Participants who reported adopting a SFH were more likely to report quitting smoking than those who did not adopt a SF...
Source: Health Education Research - May 16, 2018 Category: Research Source Type: research
Scaling up a tobacco control intervention in low resource settings: a case example for school teachers in India
This study examines processes to bring to scale one such intervention for school teachers, i.e. Tobacco Free Teacher –Tobacco Free Society (TFT–TFS). This intervention provides a foundation for an effective and low cost approach to promote cessation through schools. The present study was conducted in the states of Bihar and Maharashtra in 2014 using quantitative and qualitative methods. Focus group discussions (FGDs) were analysed using immersion crystallization method. The data presented are from a survey of 291 principals and seven FGDs. This study examined characteristics of principals and teachers, organiza...
Source: Health Education Research - May 10, 2018 Category: Research Source Type: research
The role of perceived benefits and barriers in colorectal cancer screening in intervention trials among African Americans
AbstractThe Health Belief Model (HBM) is widely used in health behavior interventions. The lack of diverse samples in the development of this theory warrants additional study on how it performs among minorities. While studies have utilized HBM to address colorectal cancer (CRC) screening, limited information exists confirming how these constructs influence screening. Data from three CRC screening trials were used to examine how perceived benefits/barriers perform among African Americans (AA) and whether they serve as mechanisms of the intervention effects on screening. The data were collected in AA churches (Study 1:N = 10...
Source: Health Education Research - May 10, 2018 Category: Research Source Type: research
Organizational determinants of evaluation practice in Australian prevention agencies
AbstractProgram evaluation is essential to inform decision making, contribute to the evidence base for strategies, and facilitate learning in health promotion and disease prevention organizations. Theoretical frameworks of organizational learning, and studies of evaluation capacity building describe the organization as central to evaluation capacity. Australian prevention organizations recognize limitations to current evaluation effectiveness and are seeking guidance to build evaluation capacity. This qualitative study identifies organizational facilitators and barriers to evaluation practice, and explores their interactio...
Source: Health Education Research - May 9, 2018 Category: Research Source Type: research
Physical activity school intervention: context matters
AbstractSchool-based interventions for increasing physical activity among children are widespread, however there is still a lack of knowledge about how school context factors are linked to implementation quality and effectiveness of programmes. The aim of this paper is to examine teacher-perceived effectiveness of a Danish national classroom-based health programme ‘Active Around Denmark’ and in particular, to investigate whether perceptions vary as a function of school social context factors. After completion of the programme all teachers (N = 5.892) received an electronic questionnaire. 2.097 completed the que...
Source: Health Education Research - May 5, 2018 Category: Research Source Type: research
‘No, the government doesn’t need to, it's already self-regulated’: a qualitative study among vape shop operators on perceptions of electronic vapor product regulation
This study, conducted prior to announcement of the deeming regulations, provides insights into vape shop operator attitudes toward potential government regulations of EVPs. In 2015, we conducted 37 in-person interviews of vape shop operators across nine US cities. Shops were identified through extensive web-searches. We used QSR International's NVivo 11 qualitative data analysis software to analyze the transcripts. Many vape shop operators viewed regulations requiring safe production of e-liquids, child-resistant bottles and listing e-juice ingredients as acceptable. They disagreed with the elimination of free samples and ...
Source: Health Education Research - March 26, 2018 Category: Research Source Type: research
Divide and conquer: improving parental understanding of health-related instructions using sequential pictorial instructions
AbstractPatient misunderstandings of healthcare-related instructions result in significant health, social and economic consequences. Pushing the boundaries of traditional academic methods may offer strategies that promote new ways to improve communication and understanding between healthcare providers, caregivers and patients. Comics can be an educational tool, offering an innovative strategy to communicate health-related information. Our study objective was to compare parents ’ understanding of health-related instructions (i.e. prescription labels, medical instructions and emergency situation scenarios) that were pr...
Source: Health Education Research - March 20, 2018 Category: Research Source Type: research
Exploring political influences on evidence-based non-communicable disease prevention across four countries
This study aimed to do so in Australia, Brazil, China and the United States. Investigators conducted 10 –13 qualitative, semi-structured interviews of public health practitioners working in functionally similar public health organizations in each country (totalN = 50). Study participants were identified through purposive sampling and interviews were structured around an interview guide covering six domains related to EBNCDP. Interviewees from all four countries identified funding as the primary politically-influenced barrier to implementing EBNCDP. Similarly widespread barriers included government funding priorities ...
Source: Health Education Research - March 14, 2018 Category: Research Source Type: research
Promoting positive condom use experiences among young black MSM: a randomized controlled trial of a brief, clinic-based intervention
AbstractThe aim of this study is to determine, among young Black men who have sex with men (YBMSM), the 12-month efficacy of a single-session, clinic-based intervention promoting condom use to enhance sexual pleasure (purpose 1) and the use of condoms from the start-to-finish of anal sex (purpose 2). A pre-test, post-test randomized controlled trial was conducted, using a 12-month period of follow-up observation, in STI clinics. Data from 394 YBMSM completing baseline and 12-month follow-up assessments were analyzed. The experimental condition comprised a one-to-one, interactive program (Focus on the Future) designed for t...
Source: Health Education Research - March 9, 2018 Category: Research Source Type: research
Consumer perceptions of specific design characteristics for front-of-package nutrition labels
AbstractAn increasing number of countries are developing front-of-package (FOP) labels; however, there is limited evidence examining the impact of specific design characteristics for these labels. The current study investigated consumer perceptions of several FOP label design characteristics, including potential differences among sociodemographic sub-groups. Two hundred and thirty-four participants aged 16 years or older completed nine label rating tasks on a laptop at a local shopping mall in Canada. The rating tasks asked participants to rate five primary design characteristics (border, background presence, background co...
Source: Health Education Research - March 3, 2018 Category: Research Source Type: research
Key factors for school health policy implementation in Thailand
This study showed that NSHP was well-disseminated and implemented at whole country. We identified seven positive factors influencing NSHP implementation, namely matching with ongoing educational strategy, competition and encouragement by an awarding system, sustainable human capacity building at school level, participation of multiple stakeholders, sufficient understanding and acceptance of school health concepts, sharing information and collaboration among schools in the same clusters and functional fund raising activities. In addition, we identified three negative factors, namely lack of institutional sustainability, vag...
Source: Health Education Research - March 2, 2018 Category: Research Source Type: research
Corrigendum to: An integrative review exploring black men of African and Caribbean backgrounds, their fears of prostate cancer and their attitudes towards screening
Obrey Alexis and Aaron Worsley* (Source: Health Education Research)
Source: Health Education Research - March 1, 2018 Category: Research Source Type: research
Training reproductive health providers to talk about intimate partner violence and reproductive coercion: an exploratory study
AbstractTo explore the effect of provider communication-skills training on frequency of intimate partner violence (IPV) and reproductive coercion (RC) assessment, four family planning clinics were randomized to IPV/RC communication-skills building workshop or standard knowledge-based IPV/RC training and compared to historical controls from the same clinics (before any training). Female patients aged 16 –29 completed after-visit surveys. Primary outcomes included provider discussion about IPV/RC, receipt of safety card with IPV/RC resources and patient disclosure of IPV/RC. Chi-square tests were used to compare groups...
Source: Health Education Research - February 28, 2018 Category: Research Source Type: research
Reducing 30-day readmission rates in a high-risk population using a lay-health worker model in Appalachia Kentucky
AbstractThis exploratory study aimed to address the effectiveness of a lay-health worker (LHW) model in addressing social needs and readmissions of high-risk patients admitted in a rural community hospital. A quasi-experimental study design assessed implementation of a LHW model for assisting high-risk patients with their post-discharge social needs. Outcome measures included 30-day hospital readmissions rates during a 4-month baseline period compared with a 6-month post-implementation period. The LHW intervention involved assessment and development of a personalized social needs plan for enrolled patients (e.g. transporta...
Source: Health Education Research - February 21, 2018 Category: Research Source Type: research
An integrative review exploring black men of African and Caribbean backgrounds, their fears of prostate cancer and their attitudes towards screening
AbstractEvidence suggests that black men are disproportionately more affected than any other ethnicity by prostate cancer. The aim of this review is to identify studies exploring black men of African and Caribbean descent, their fears of prostate cancer and their attitudes towards screening. Four databases were searched and reference lists of relevant papers were hand searched. The inclusion criteria were studies exploring attitudes towards screening and fear of prostate cancer in black men of African and Caribbean backgrounds, peer-reviewed research, qualitative studies, surveys, questionnaires and English language public...
Source: Health Education Research - February 9, 2018 Category: Research Source Type: research
Physical activity and masculinity in rural men: a qualitative study of men recruited from churches
This study sought to understand rural men ’s perceptions about PA and PA engagement and the influence of masculinity and social norms. From 2011 to 2014, 12 focus groups were conducted with men prior to a church-based health promotion intervention. Men were recruited from Illinois’ rural, southernmost seven counties, where 40% of men re port no exercise in the past 30 days. We used inductive content analysis methods to identify PA-related themes, and subsequently used elements of the Health, Illness, Men, and Masculinities framework as a lens to explore subthemes. We identified four themes: (i) knowledge of the...
Source: Health Education Research - February 8, 2018 Category: Research Source Type: research
Development of the place-based Adelante social marketing campaign for prevention of substance use, sexual risk and violence among Latino immigrant youth
We describe the process and outcome of campaign development and make recommendations for future campaigns. (Source: Health Education Research)
Source: Health Education Research - January 9, 2018 Category: Research Source Type: research
Redefining diabetes and the concept of self-management from a patient ’s perspective: implications for disease risk factor management
AbstractThe colliding epidemics of non-communicable diseases including diabetes with chronic infectious diseases in Sub-Saharan Africa requires contextualized innovative disease management strategies. This qualitative study conducted in a peri-urban township near Cape Town, South Africa aimed to identify and gain in-depth understanding of contextual and environmental issues pertinent to the patient that could influence Type 2-diabetes mellitus (T2DM) care and self-management. Participants included purposively sampled diabetics or pre-diabetics from the community, PURE study database, facility health club and health care pr...
Source: Health Education Research - January 5, 2018 Category: Research Source Type: research
Feasibility of a text-based smoking cessation intervention in rural older adults
AbstractText-based interventions are effective for smoking cessation, but have not been tested in rural older adults. The purpose of this study was to compare the feasibility, acceptability and preliminary efficacy of a text-based Scheduled Gradual Reduction (SGR) program to a non-SGR text messaging support condition among rural older adults. Adults over 60 years were randomized to either: (i) the SGR program (n = 20), a text-based program to reduce smoking over 4-weeks plus text-based support messages; or (ii) control (n = 20), receipt of text-based support messages only. Participants completed surveys at baseline and end...
Source: Health Education Research - January 4, 2018 Category: Research Source Type: research
Partnering with carryouts: implementation of a food environment intervention targeting youth obesity
The objective of this article is to describe the development and implementation of BHCK’s carryout intervention. Process evaluation was conducted to assess intervention reach (number of interactions with youth and adults either in person or on social media), dose delivered (number of food samples and promotional materials distributed, social media posts and meetings with owners) and fidelity (availability of promoted items). Overall, the carryout intervention showed moderate to optimal reach, moderate to optimal dose delivered and moderate to optimal fidelity. These findings demonstrate a successfully implemented car...
Source: Health Education Research - December 27, 2017 Category: Research Source Type: research
Obesity intervention programs among adolescents using social cognitive theory: a systematic literature review
AbstractSocial cognitive theory (SCT) is a well-known theory for designing nutrition education and physical activity programs for adolescents. This systematic review aimed to evaluate the efficacy of intervention studies based on SCT in reducing or preventing overweight and obesity in adolescents. An electronic literature search in PubMed-Medline, Web of Science and Scopus was performed to identify intervention studies based on SCT aiming at preventing or reducing obesity in adolescents. All the articles published up to July 2016 were included. Only studies reporting body mass index (BMI) or its variant as one of the outco...
Source: Health Education Research - December 27, 2017 Category: Research Source Type: research
Coaching to create a smoke-free home in a brief secondhand smoke intervention
This study presents the coaching process of a larger intervention to promote smoke-free homes across an efficacy and 2 effectiveness trials. It furthers assesses the coaching call ’s reach and participants’ satisfaction with the call across three intervention sites. The sources of the data were from baseline and 3-month follow-up surveys, coaching forms or online tracking system and interviews with coaches. Reach for the coaching call across trials was fairly high from 72 % to 92%. Overall, the majority of participants were highly satisfied with the intervention (M = 3.76) and found it useful in creating a smok...
Source: Health Education Research - December 14, 2017 Category: Research Source Type: research
Measuring Type 2 diabetes mellitus knowledge and perceptions of risk in middle-class African Americans
This study quantitatively examines specific T2DM knowledge and perceptions of risk in middle-class African Americans (N =121). The majority of respondents, 70.2%, were unable to correctly identify all the warning signs of T2DM development. Only 3.3% of respondents correctly identified all risk factors provided as ‘possible causes’ of T2DM development. The difference between those participants who considered themselves to be at risk for T2DM development and their level of risk, according to the American Diabetes Associations’ risk assessment, was not statistically significant (P = 0.397). However, there we...
Source: Health Education Research - December 11, 2017 Category: Research Source Type: research
The development and pilot testing of the marijuana retail surveillance tool (MRST): assessing marketing and point-of-sale practices among recreational marijuana retailers
AbstractAs recreational marijuana expands, it is critical to develop standardized surveillance measures to study the retail environment. To this end, our research team developed and piloted a tool assessing recreational marijuana retailers in a convenience sample of 20 Denver retailers in 2016. The tool assesses: (i) compliance and security (e.g. age-of-sale signage, ID checks, security cameras); (ii) marketing (i.e. promotions, product availability and price) and (iii) contextual and neighborhood features (i.e. retailer type, facilities nearby). Most shops (90.0%) indicated the minimum age requirement, all verified age. A...
Source: Health Education Research - December 11, 2017 Category: Research Source Type: research
The influence of social norms on flu vaccination among African American and White adults
AbstractAdult influenza vaccination rates remain suboptimal, particularly among African Americans. Social norms may influence vaccination behavior, but little research has focused on influenza vaccine and almost no research has focused on racially-specific norms. This mixed methods investigation utilizes qualitative interviews and focus groups (n= 118) and national survey results (n= 1643) to assess both descriptive and subjective norms surrounding influenza vaccination. Qualitative results suggest a perceived descriptive norm that ‘about half’ of the population gets vaccinated. Participants describe differing ...
Source: Health Education Research - December 6, 2017 Category: Research Source Type: research
Effects of an internet-based educational intervention to prevent high-risk sexual behavior in Mexican adolescents
AbstractTo evaluate the effect of an internet-based educational intervention to increase knowledge of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), attitudes and self-efficacy toward consistent condom use in Mexican adolescents. A field trial with an intervention and control group was conducted in 14- to 15-year-old students in two secondary schools. The intervention was delivered via a website that included four educational sessions during a 4-week period and six 30-min class discussions during a 3-month period. In the control group, the investigators observed the general sex education provided by the school. Outcome variables ...
Source: Health Education Research - November 21, 2017 Category: Research Source Type: research
Disparagement of health warning labels on cigarette packages and cessation attempts: results from four countries
AbstractHealth warning labels (HWLs) on cigarette packs that use strong fear appeals may evoke defensive responses including acts of disparaging the warnings. Whether warning disparagement undermines HWL effectiveness remains unclear. We assessed correlates of one type of HWL disparagement and its association with subsequent cessation attempts. Longitudinal data (2012 –14) on adult smokers from Australia, Canada, Mexico and the United States (US) were analyzed. HWL disparagement was assessed as the frequency of making fun of HWLs in the past month. Using Generalized Estimating Equation models we estimated correlates ...
Source: Health Education Research - November 10, 2017 Category: Research Source Type: research
Corrigendumto: Identifying multi-level culturally appropriate smoking cessation strategies for Aboriginal health staff: a concept mapping approach
Corrigendum to: Identifying multi-level culturally appropriate smoking cessation strategies for Aboriginal health staff: a concept mapping approach (Source: Health Education Research)
Source: Health Education Research - November 9, 2017 Category: Research Source Type: research