A systematic review of the evolution of GPS use in active living research: A state of the evidence for research, policy, and practice.
Abstract This is the first systematic review to comprehensively capture Global Positioning Systems' (GPS) utilization in active living research by investigating the influence of physical contexts and social environment on all intensities of physical activity and sedentary behavior among all age groups. An extensive search of peer-reviewed literature was conducted using six databases. Out of 2026 articles identified, 129 studies met the inclusion criteria. After describing the evolution of GPS use across four themes (study designs and methods, physical contexts and social environment, active transportation, and beh...
Source: Health and Place - October 30, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Katapally TR, Bhawra J, Patel P Tags: Health Place Source Type: research

Spatial variation in socio-ecological vulnerability to Covid-19 in the contiguous United States.
Abstract The health and economic impacts of the Covid-19 pandemic vary across space because social, economic, health and ecological factors are also spatially variable. Social vulnerability indices are attempts to create a relative ranking of vulnerability to a natural or anthropogenic hazard across space and have been widely used to quantify community vulnerability to natural disasters. Here, we develop a hierarchical socio-ecological vulnerability index that compares counties in the contiguous United States based on 18 variables grouped into four dimensions (ecological, social, health, and economic) in order to ...
Source: Health and Place - October 28, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Snyder BF, Parks V Tags: Health Place Source Type: research

Moving to policy-amenable options for built environment research: The role of micro-scale neighborhood environment in promoting walking.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results imply that micro-scale features of neighborhoods collectively promote leisure walking but not necessarily utilitarian walking, even after accounting for self-selection. In contrast, macro-scale features may collectively promote utilitarian walking, but not leisure walking. Micro scale features of neighborhoods fall within the budget of local jurisdictions and our results suggest that jurisdictions that improve micro-scale features may expect increased leisure walking in populations. PMID: 33120068 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Health and Place)
Source: Health and Place - October 26, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Steinmetz-Wood M, El-Geneidy A, Ross NA Tags: Health Place Source Type: research

Faith-based alcohol treatment in England and Wales: New evidence for policy and practice.
Abstract While the historical importance of religion in alcohol treatment is well known, the size, scope and significance of contemporary activities remain unclear. Here we begin to address this gap in knowledge by presenting results from a mixed methods study of faith-based alcohol treatment in England and Wales. The paper begins by mapping location, religious affiliation, organisational structure and service provision. We then discuss evidence regarding challenges, opportunities and tensions bound up with faith-based organisations 'filling gaps' left by long term restructuring of alcohol service provision, recen...
Source: Health and Place - October 22, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Jayne M, Williams A Tags: Health Place Source Type: research

Understanding the decline in under-18 conception rates throughout England's local authorities between 1998 and 2017.
Abstract We consider England's two-decade teenage conception decline in the context of societal changes: rising educational aspirations; growing second- and third-generation teenage ethnic minority populations; increased deprivation associated with economic recession and post-2008 Government austerity; and changing housing availability. Using England's Local Authority Districts (LAD) 1998-2017, we explore the role of area characteristics in explaining spatial differences in under-18 conception rates and how changing characteristics may explain temporal changes. Urban/rural distinctions in teenage conceptions are l...
Source: Health and Place - October 22, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Heap KL, Berrington A, Ingham R Tags: Health Place Source Type: research

Residential environment and depressive symptoms among Chinese middle- and old-aged adults: A longitudinal population-based study.
Abstract Despite growing evidence of the relationship between residential environment and depressive symptoms, little is known about this longitudinal relationship for elderly. Based on the follow-up survey (2011, 2013, and 2015) of the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS), this study investigated the association between residential environment and depressive symptoms among Chinese middle- and old-aged adults using repeated measures mixed models and Cox proportional hazards regression models. We found that external building characteristics, indoor space layout, household facilities, and indoor e...
Source: Health and Place - October 15, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Li C, Zhou Y Tags: Health Place Source Type: research

Associations between neighborhood park space and cognition in older adults vary by US location: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis.
Abstract We used cross-sectional Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis data from six US cities/counties and adjusted multilevel linear regression to examine park space-cognition associations among non-demented older adults (n = 4084). We found that greater neighborhood park space 1-mile around the residence (measured continuously) was associated with better processing speed in the overall sample (estimate: 0.48; 95% CI: 0.03, 0.92). However, greater neighborhood park space (½-mile around residence) was associated with worse global cognition in Los Angeles, California (estimate: -2.66; 95% CI: -4.7...
Source: Health and Place - October 10, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Besser LM, Hirsch J, Galvin JE, Renne J, Park J, Evenson KR, Kaufman JD, Fitzpatrick AL Tags: Health Place Source Type: research

Territorialization of care and proximities in a community-based primary care system: What are the results on access to care and resident satisfaction? A case study from S ão Paulo.
Territorialization of care and proximities in a community-based primary care system: What are the results on access to care and resident satisfaction? A case study from São Paulo. Health Place. 2020 Oct 10;66:102451 Authors: Iosti P Abstract The aim of this contribution is to evaluate the results of proximity and territorialization as organizational principles for community-based primary health care, on the declared access to care and satisfaction of local residents. Two community health care facilities of the city of São Paulo, Brazil, were compared using a qualitative approach. It appe...
Source: Health and Place - October 10, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Iosti P Tags: Health Place Source Type: research

Longitudinal changes in the retail food environment in Mexico and their association with diabetes.
lal U Abstract The retail food environment is a potential population-level determinant of diet and nutrition-related chronic diseases, yet little is known about its composition and association with diabetes in low- and middle-income countries. Our objectives were: (1) to describe changes in the composition of the retail food environment in Mexican neighborhoods from 2010 to 2016 and (2) to examine the association between these changes and diabetes cases diagnosed over the same period. Individual level data came from the 2016 Mexican Health and Nutrition Survey (N = 2808 adults). Neighborhood level retail food ...
Source: Health and Place - October 9, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Pérez-Ferrer C, Auchincloss AH, Barrientos-Gutierrez T, Colchero MA, de Oliveira Cardoso L, Carvalho de Menezes M, Bilal U Tags: Health Place Source Type: research

An activity space approach to understanding how food access is associated with dietary intake and BMI among urban, low-income African American women.
Abstract Inconclusive evidence for how food environments affect health may result from an emphasis on residential neighborhood-based measures of exposure. We used an activity space approach to examine whether 1) measures of food access and 2) associations with diet and BMI differ between residential and activity space food environments among low-income African American women in Atlanta, Georgia (n = 199). Although residential and activity space environments differed across all dimensions of food access, being located farther away from 'unhealthy' outlets was associated with lower BMI in both environments...
Source: Health and Place - October 6, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Raskind IG, Kegler MC, Girard AW, Dunlop AL, Kramer MR Tags: Health Place Source Type: research

Built environment correlates of objectively-measured sedentary behaviours in densely-populated areas.
We examined the associations between neighbourhood built environment attributes with the total, and patterns of, objectively-assessed sedentary behaviours in a densely-populated area in Asia. Data from 866 adults (ages 40 to 64) living in Japan were included. Four classifications of sedentary behaviours, including daily total sedentary time, duration and number of long (≥30 min) sedentary bouts and breaks per sedentary hour, were estimated using hip-worn accelerometers. Individual (population density, availability of destinations, number of intersections, and distance to the nearest park) and composite (walkability...
Source: Health and Place - October 1, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Koohsari MJ, Shibata A, Ishii K, Kurosawa S, Yasunaga A, Hanibuchi T, Nakaya T, Mavoa S, McCormack GR, Oka K Tags: Health Place Source Type: research

The co-evolution of therapeutic landscape and health tourism in bama longevity villages, China: An actor-network perspective.
This study introduces an actor-network perspective to examine the co-evolution of therapeutic landscapes and health tourism, and its inherent dynamism. We argue that therapeutic landscapes and health tourism are emerging out of an integrated actor-network, and thus are in continuous processes of (re)ordering and co-evolution. We also propose a typology of dynamics for the study of such an actor-network, substantiated with an empirical study of the Bama longevity villages in China, in which four interrelated and cascaded dynamics are closely scrutinized: tourists as part of the therapeutic landscape; tourism's impact on the...
Source: Health and Place - September 30, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Yan X, He S Tags: Health Place Source Type: research

Heterogeneity in the trajectories of depressive symptoms among elderly adults in rural China: The role of housing characteristics.
This study uses panel data from CHARLS, a Chinese population-based longitudinal study, and employs growth mixture modeling to examine the association between rural housing characteristics and the heterogeneous pattern of depression trajectories among elderly adults in rural areas. The results suggest that there is heterogeneity in elderly people's depression and that stably living in multifloor and high-quality houses is associated with a higher probability of being in the stably low-depression trajectory class. PMID: 33011488 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Health and Place)
Source: Health and Place - September 30, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Liang Y Tags: Health Place Source Type: research

Community context, birth cohorts and childhood body mass index trajectories: Evidence from the China nutrition and health survey 1991-2011.
Abstract Childhood overweight and obesity have shown an increase in recent birth cohorts. China has undergone rapid socioeconomic transitions accompanied by lifestyle changes that have profoundly affected the physical growth of children. Less empirical research has considered the role of community context on the cohort effects of children's body mass index (BMI) z-score trajectories. We used the mixed effect models for repeated measurements with restricted cubic spline to predict the BMI z-score trajectories in children aged 1-17 years, influenced by different birth cohorts and community context using data from th...
Source: Health and Place - September 30, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Liang J, Tang F, Jiang J, Zhang H, Osman M, Shrestha B, Wang P Tags: Health Place Source Type: research

National and subnational estimates of coverage and travel time to emergency obstetric care in Afghanistan: Modeling of spatial accessibility.
This study describes the spatial distribution of public facilities providing maternal health care in Afghanistan, specifically emergency obstetric care (EmOC), and the differences in travel time estimates using different transportation modes from 2010 to 2015 at the national and subnational levels. We conducted mapping and spatial analyses to measure the proportion of pregnant women able to access any EmOC health facility within 2 h by foot, animal, motor vehicle and a combination of transport modes. In 2015, adequate coverage of active public health facilities within 2 h of travel time was 36.6% by foot and...
Source: Health and Place - September 30, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Kim C, Tappis H, McDaniel P, Soroush MS, Fried B, Weinberger M, Trogdon JG, Kristen Hassmiller Lich, Delamater PL Tags: Health Place Source Type: research

A Bayesian spatio-temporal analysis of neighborhood pediatric asthma emergency department visit disparities.
Abstract Asthma disparities have complex, neighborhood-level drivers that are not well understood. Consequently, identifying particular contextual factors that contribute to disparities is a public health goal. We study pediatric asthma emergency department (ED) visit disparities and neighborhood factors associated with them in South Carolina (SC) census tracts from 1999 to 2015. Leveraging a Bayesian framework, we identify risk clusters, spatially-varying relationships, and risk percentile-specific associations. Clusters of high risk occur in both rural and urban census tracts with high probability, with neighbor...
Source: Health and Place - September 30, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Bozigar M, Lawson AB, Pearce JL, King K, Svendsen ER Tags: Health Place Source Type: research

Participatory research in Northwest Atlanta's Proctor Creek Watershed: Using photovoice to explore environmental health risks at the water's edge.
In this study we used a participatory research method, photovoice, to explore community perceptions about environmental health risks, community assets, and strengths in and around an urban, degraded watershed in Northwest Atlanta, Georgia. This watershed, formed by Proctor Creek, is a focal point for redevelopment and infrastructure investments for years to come. Using a community-based participatory research approach, 10 Proctor Creek residents (watershed researchers), and a university partner, engaged in data collection; participatory data analysis; internal discussions; translation of research findings into watershed re...
Source: Health and Place - September 29, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Jelks NO, Smith-Perry DJ, Fuller CH, Stauber C Tags: Health Place Source Type: research

Physical activity Space Methodology for Assessment and Prioritization (PASMAP): Combining systematic observations with community perceptions to identify community physical activity resource priorities.
This study incorporates community perceptions with systematic environmental observations to identify community PA resource priorities. The PA Space Methodology for Assessment and Prioritization (PASMAP) includes three phases. Phase 1: Promotora-researchers completed 57 PA Resource Assessments (PARAs) in colonias along the Texas-Mexico border assessing quantity and quality of features, amenities, and incivilities. Characteristics were ranked using average PARA scores from all PA spaces. Phase 2: community advisory board (CAB) members (n = 36 from 3 CABs) ranked the importance of each feature, amenity, and inc...
Source: Health and Place - September 29, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Umstattd Meyer MR, Ylitalo KR, Prochnow T, Gómez LA, Sharkey JR Tags: Health Place Source Type: research

Mediation of the relationship between home loss and worsened cardiometabolic profiles of older disaster survivors by post-disaster relocation: A natural experiment from the Great East Japan earthquake and tsunami.
This study demonstrates that there are outcome-specific pathways linking disaster damage and health of survivors. PMID: 33010662 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Health and Place)
Source: Health and Place - September 29, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Shiba K, Aida J, Kondo K, Nakagomi A, Arcaya M, James P, Kawachi I Tags: Health Place Source Type: research

Community venue exposure risk estimator for the COVID-19 pandemic.
Abstract Complexities of virus genotypes and the stochastic contacts in human society create a big challenge for estimating the potential risks of exposure to a widely spreading virus such as COVID-19. To increase public awareness of exposure risks in daily activities, we propose a birthday-paradox-based probability model to implement in a web-based system, named COSRE (community social risk estimator) and make in-time community exposure risk estimation during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. We define exposure risk to mean the probability of people meeting potential cases in public places such as grocery stores, gy...
Source: Health and Place - September 28, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sun Z, Di L, Sprigg W, Tong D, Casal M Tags: Health Place Source Type: research

Intraurban social risk and mortality patterns during extreme heat events: A case study of Moscow, 2010-2017.
This study conducted a comprehensive assessment of the social risks existing during the occurrence of heat waves and allowed us to identify the spatial heterogeneity of the city in terms of thermal risk and the consequences for public health. Using a detailed simulation of the meteorological regime based on the COSMO-CLM regional climate model and the physiologically equivalent temperature (PET), a spatial assessment of thermal stress in the summer of 2010 was carried out. Based on statistical data, the components of social risk (vulnerabilities and adaptive capacity of the population) were calculated and mapped. We also p...
Source: Health and Place - September 25, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Zemtsov S, Shartova N, Varentsov M, Konstantinov P, Kidyaeva V, Shchur A, Timonin S, Grischchenko M Tags: Health Place Source Type: research

Menstruation and homelessness: Challenges faced living in shelters and on the street in New York City.
Abstract A growing literature attests to menstrual management difficulties of girls, women and other people who menstruate. Largely ignored are the menstruation-management needs of people experiencing homelessness. We explored these realities in New York City through in-depth interviews with individuals living on the street and in shelters (n = 22), key informant interviews with staff at government agencies, shelters and service provider organizations (n = 15), and field audits of public toilets. This paper explores both pragmatic difficulties presented by inadequate access to toilets, bathing ...
Source: Health and Place - September 24, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sommer M, Gruer C, Smith RC, Maroko A, Kim Hopper Tags: Health Place Source Type: research

Exploring care from extended family through rural women's accounts of perinatal mental illness - a qualitative study with implications for policy and practice.
Abstract Extended family often have an important role in caring for women experiencing perinatal mental illness; but rural women's perspectives are under-researched. We explored women's experiences of living in rural northern England and receiving care from extended family during periods of perinatal mental illness through 21 qualitative interviews. Key findings were that companionship, practical support - informal childcare and transport, and emotional support were important forms of care - filling gaps in formal service provision. Findings highlight women's needs for support from extended families in rural areas...
Source: Health and Place - September 23, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Jackson K, Smart D, Henderson EJ, Newham JJ, McGovern R, Kaner E, Lingam R Tags: Health Place Source Type: research

The role of neighborhood stressors on cognitive function: A coordinated analysis.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between perceived neighborhood stressors, encompassing negative perceived neighborhood characteristics, and specific cognitive abilities in adulthood. We conducted a coordinated analysis across three studies of adults in the United States and found that perceived neighborhood stressors were consistently associated with poorer performance on attention-demanding cognitive tasks. We specifically found that perceived neighborhood stressors were associated with lower performance in spatial abilities, working memory, and executive function but not perceptual speed, and ...
Source: Health and Place - September 21, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Muñoz E, Scott SB, Corley R, Wadsworth SJ, Sliwinski MJ, Reynolds CA Tags: Health Place Source Type: research

Objective scoring of streetscape walkability related to leisure walking: Statistical modeling approach with semantic segmentation of Google Street View images.
This study proposed a novel automated method to assess streetscape walkability (SW) using semantic segmentation and statistical modeling on Google Street View images. Using compositions of segmented streetscape elements, such as buildings and street trees, a regression-style model was built to predict SW, scored using a human-based auditing method. Older female active leisure walkers living in Bunkyo Ward, Tokyo, are associated with SW scores estimated by the model (OR = 3.783; 95% CI = 1.459 to 10.409), but male walkers are not. PMID: 32977303 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Health and Place)
Source: Health and Place - September 21, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Nagata S, Nakaya T, Hanibuchi T, Amagasa S, Kikuchi H, Inoue S Tags: Health Place Source Type: research

Contextualising lifestyles: how socially contrasting places in Fife, Scotland influence lay understandings of lifestyle and health behaviours in relation to coronary heart disease.
This study contributes to knowledge on CHD health inequalities and health promotion, particularly cardiac rehabilitation, emphasising the importance of situating experiences and understandings of health, geographically. PMID: 32977304 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Health and Place)
Source: Health and Place - September 21, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: McGarrol S Tags: Health Place Source Type: research

Who maintains good mental health in a locked-down country? A French nationwide online survey of 11,391 participants.
Abstract Lockdown measures can differentially affect mental wellbeing in populations depending on individual determinants. We aim to investigate the sociodemographic and environmental determinants of wellbeing on the French population during lockdown due to the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic with an online survey. Among 11,391 participants who completed the questionnaire, various factors negatively impacted wellbeing: being a female, a student, disabled, having no access to outdoor spaces, or living in a small home. Conversely, being employed and having more social contacts had a positive impact. During lockdowns, authoritie...
Source: Health and Place - September 14, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Haesebaert F, Haesebaert J, Zante E, Franck N Tags: Health Place Source Type: research

Demographic and psychological moderators of the relationship between neighborhood cigarette advertising and current smoking in New York City.
CONCLUSION: Retail cigarette advertising may serve as an environmental cue to smoke among adults with depression. Efforts to restrict or counteract this practice, such as the development of community-level public health interventions and counter-marketing programs, may particularly benefit those with depression and, perhaps, other mental health disorders. PMID: 32947186 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Health and Place)
Source: Health and Place - September 14, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Giovenco DP, Spillane TE, Baig SA, Dumas SE, Dongchung TY, Sanderson M, Sisti JS, Farley SM, Jasek JP, Seligson AL Tags: Health Place Source Type: research

Nature in the indoor and outdoor study environment and secondary and tertiary education students' well-being, academic outcomes, and possible mediating pathways: A systematic review with recommendations for science and practice.
This study reviews the evidence on the effects of nature in the study environment on well-being, academic outcomes, and outcomes related to possible explanatory pathways among students in secondary and tertiary education. The protocol was preregistered at Prospero (CRD42019126718). A systematic search of two databases yielded 3410 articles, of which 37 studies were included in the review. Most studies had a high risk of bias and there were heterogeneous outcome and exposure measures. Hence, no firm conclusions could be drawn. However, potentially promising leads were found on the associations between campus green space and...
Source: Health and Place - September 11, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: van den Bogerd N, Coosje Dijkstra S, Koole SL, Seidell JC, de Vries R, Maas J Tags: Health Place Source Type: research

The ecology of overdose mortality in Philadelphia.
This study uses negative binomial longitudinal regression to model ZIP code overdose fatalities over a seven-year period. Model covariates indicate that structural inequality, police arrest activity, and features of the built environment are associated with increased mortality across ZIP codes. Additionally, fatalities are spatially concentrated in select geographies of the city. These findings emphasize the pertinence of community ecological features in the production of stratified within-city health outcomes, and inform the geographic distribution of harm reduction interventions. PMID: 32932005 [PubMed - as supplied...
Source: Health and Place - September 11, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Johnson LT, Shreve T Tags: Health Place Source Type: research

Navigating care in rural areas: Strategies employed by older adults with continuing care needs and their impact on social exclusion.
We present details from four cases that exemplify how strategies are interconnected with characteristics of place. The relationships between place and navigating care in rural environments is discussed with reference to the overall level of social exclusion experienced by rural-dwelling older adults with continuing care needs. PMID: 32916385 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Health and Place)
Source: Health and Place - September 7, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Urbaniak A, Falk K, Heusinger J Tags: Health Place Source Type: research

The shadow of context: Neighborhood and school socioeconomic disadvantage, perceived social integration, and the mental and behavioral health of adolescents.
This study leverages large-scale and nationally representative Add Health data to evaluate whether the risks conferred by neighborhood and school socioeconomic disadvantages adversely impact adolescents' mental and behavioral health (i.e., depressive symptoms and illicit drug use). We further investigate whether levels of perceived social support from friends, parents, and teachers moderate the associations between contextual disadvantages and adolescents' mental and behavioral outcomes. Results from cross-classified multilevel modeling analysis suggest that neighborhood socioeconomic disadvantages, and to a lesser degree,...
Source: Health and Place - September 6, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Huang Y, Edwards J, Laurel-Wilson M Tags: Health Place Source Type: research

Perceived neighborhood social cohesion and subsequent health and well-being in older adults: An outcome-wide longitudinal approach.
CONCLUSIONS: With further research, these results suggest that perceived neighborhood social cohesion might be a valuable target for innovative policies aimed at improving well-being. PMID: 32905980 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Health and Place)
Source: Health and Place - September 5, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Kim ES, Chen Y, Kawachi I, VanderWeele TJ Tags: Health Place Source Type: research

A systematic review of existing observational tools to measure the food and physical activity environment in schools.
Abstract Objective measures of schools' wellness-promoting environments are commonly used in obesity prevention studies; however, the extent to which findings from these measures translate to policy and practice is unknown. This systematic review describes the comprehensiveness and usability (practicality, quality, and applicability) of existing objective measures to assess schools' food and physical activity environments. A structured keyword search and standard protocol in electronic databases yielded 30 publications reporting on 23 measures that were deemed eligible to include in this review. Findings provide d...
Source: Health and Place - September 5, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Lane HG, Calvert HG, Deitch R, Harris R, Babatunde OT, Turner L, Hager ER, Jilcott Pitts S Tags: Health Place Source Type: research

Using citizen science to understand the prerequisites for physical activity among adolescents in low socioeconomic status neighborhoods - The NESLA study.
r K Abstract Socioeconomic status (SES) as well as adolescents' perceptions of the neighborhood's built and social environments have been shown to influence adolescents' physical activity. Twenty-four adolescents from two low SES neighborhoods in Sweden participated as citizen scientists, using the Stanford Discovery Tool app on their phones to take photographs and record audio narratives of aspects of their neighborhood that they perceived facilitate or hinder their physical activity. The most frequently reported facilitators were 'parks, playgrounds and outdoor gym' as well as 'amenities' and 'sport facilities',...
Source: Health and Place - September 1, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Rydenstam T, Fell T, Buli BG, King AC, Bälter K Tags: Health Place Source Type: research

Trends in smoking prevalence over time and space: A comparison between sexual minority and heterosexual populations.
Abstract Research has suggested that lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) individuals are more likely to smoke tobacco than heterosexual individuals, but specific geographic patterns have not been examined frequently. We analysed change in smoking prevalence over time across Great Britain for LGB and heterosexual populations, comparing models for men and women. Smoking prevalence remained greater for sexual minority (SM) women over time than for other groups. Across Great Britain, decreases in smoking prevalence in urban areas were more pronounced for SM men compared with SM women. Future anti-smoking policies should c...
Source: Health and Place - August 31, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Davies M, Moon G, Lewis NM Tags: Health Place Source Type: research

Using narrative analysis to explore traditional S ámi knowledge through storytelling about End-of-Life.
Using narrative analysis to explore traditional Sámi knowledge through storytelling about End-of-Life. Health Place. 2020 Aug 31;65:102424 Authors: Kroik L, Stoor K, Anette EL, Tishelman C Abstract In this narrative study, we investigate salient Sámi-specific aspects of a death system, inspired by Kastenbaum's model. We explore traditional Sámi knowledge derived through storytelling in go-along group discussions to gravesites at the tree-line with cultural and historical significance for the Indigenous Sámi peoples. Analysis illustrates how important material and immaterial...
Source: Health and Place - August 30, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Kroik L, Stoor K, Anette EL, Tishelman C Tags: Health Place Source Type: research

Unequable spatial accessibility to hospitals in developing megacities: New evidence from Beijing.
Abstract The increasing inequality in spatial accessibility to hospitals in developing countries has been attracting attention from researchers and politicians. The situation seems to be worse in growing megacities where more than 10 million people live and rapid urban sprawl has caused serious problems with the supply of health and public transport services. The recent global COVID-19 pandemic calls for particular attention to be afforded to the matter of equal access to basic medical facilities and services for people across different neighborhoods. Although some studies have already been undertaken into the sub...
Source: Health and Place - August 29, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Zhao P, Li S, Liu D Tags: Health Place Source Type: research

Residential mobility, mental health, and community violence exposure among Somali refugees and immigrants in North America.
This study investigated the effect of past year housing stability on symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and exposure to neighborhood violence among a sample of 1st and 2nd generation Somali young adults (N = 198) living in urban areas in North America. In one year, 8.1% of the sample experienced a forced move and 20.7% of the sample moved voluntarily. Discrimination, neighborhood violence, economic insecurity, and interpersonal conflict precipitated forced moves. Forced moves were associated with worsening PTSD symptomology over one year, while voluntary moves were associated with improvements in sy...
Source: Health and Place - August 29, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Gillespie S, Cardeli E, Sideridis G, Issa O, Ellis BH Tags: Health Place Source Type: research

Healthy movement behaviours in children and youth during the COVID-19 pandemic: Exploring the role of the neighbourhood environment.
Abstract This paper explores patterns of increased/ decreased physical activity, sedentary and sleep behaviours among Canadian children and youth aged 5-17 years during the COVID-19 pandemic, and examines how these changes are associated with the built environment near residential locations. A cluster analysis identified two groups who were primarily distinguished by the changes in outdoor activities. Compliance to 24-hour movement guidelines was low among both groups. For children, houses (versus apartments) was correlated with increased outdoor activities; proximity to major roads was a barrier. For youth, low d...
Source: Health and Place - August 28, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Mitra R, Moore SA, Gillespie M, Faulkner G, Vanderloo LM, Chulak-Bozzer T, Rhodes RE, Brussoni M, Tremblay MS Tags: Health Place Source Type: research

Youth and weapons: Patterns, individual and neighborhood correlates of violent crime arrests in Miami-Dade County, Florida.
This study uses arrest data from the Miami-Dade County Police Department (n = 13 districts) for 2014-2017 to identify census tracts in which weapon violence arrests among young people aged 10-24 is high, and models area-level predictors of the total number of violent weapons crimes by census tract (greenness and socioeconomic status indices, population density and weapon dealers), after adjusting for arrestee-level factors (age, race and gender). Combined, handguns and firearms accounted for 23.2% (n = 1330) of all arrests (including murder and non-negligent manslaughter, rape, robbery, and aggravated a...
Source: Health and Place - August 26, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Moise IK Tags: Health Place Source Type: research

Relationship between retail food outlets near public schools and adolescent obesity in New York City.
Abstract Using objectively-measured height and weight data from academic years 2009-2013 (n = 1,114,010 student-year observations), we estimated the association between the food outlet in closest proximity to schools and the likelihood of obesity among New York City public high school students. Obesity risk was higher for students with a corner store as the nearest option to schools, regardless of whether other food outlet types were located within a quarter mile or a half mile of schools (i.e., benchmarks for zoning policies). Policymakers may want to consider introducing healthier food options near sch...
Source: Health and Place - August 25, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Rummo PE, Wu E, McDermott ZT, Wagner RF, Schwartz AE, Elbel B Tags: Health Place Source Type: research

Area-level differences in the prices of tobacco and electronic nicotine delivery systems - A systematic review.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings are in keeping with tobacco industry documents that detailed how manufacturers used race, class, and geography to target vulnerable populations and suggest that regulations that can limit industry price manipulation such as minimum, maximum, and uniform prices, and high specific excise taxes should be considered. More frequent and systematic monitoring of tobacco prices and ENDS is warranted. PMID: 32858241 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Health and Place)
Source: Health and Place - August 24, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Guindon GE, Fatima T, Abbat B, Bhons P, Garasia S Tags: Health Place Source Type: research

The indirect influence of child play on the association between parent perceptions of the neighborhood environment and sense of community.
Abstract The neighborhood is a critical setting that broadly affects health, although specific mechanisms that link relationships between the neighborhood environment and indicators of health are still emerging. Children playing is a simple, but underexplored marker that may explain how the neighborhood built environment is related to a psychological sense of community. A telephone survey was conducted among parents with children in the Greater Phoenix Metropolitan area (n = 251) to gather information on perceptions of the built environment, parent attitudes and physical activity behaviors, children's pl...
Source: Health and Place - August 22, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Ross A, Wood L, Searle M Tags: Health Place Source Type: research

Inferring transit-based health seeking patterns from smart card data - A case study in Beijing, China.
Abstract Massive electronic trip records have recently been utilized to infer people's trips for healthcare. Many inferential methods were developed to derive healthcare trips by taxi using GPS trajectory records, but little attention is paid to public transit, as a common travel mode for healthcare. This paper proposes a method to fill this gap by mining a big data of smart transit cards with spatio-temporal constraints. We demonstrate and validate this method in Beijing, China. The inferred trips achieve a high degree of consistency, in space and time, with empirically observed trips from a survey. The inferred ...
Source: Health and Place - August 18, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Du F, Mao L, Wang J, Jin H Tags: Health Place Source Type: research

A global analysis of the regional variation in the symptoms of acute respiratory infection during childhood: Epidemics and their association with environmental vulnerability.
Abstract Using Demographic and Health Surveys from 48 low-income and middle-income countries (N = 432,860), we investigated whether or not the presence of symptoms of acute respiratory infection (ARI) are contingent on environmental vulnerabilities such as the region, the level of ambient air pollution, community orphanhood status, and household poverty among young children under five. In addition, we also examined whether such an effect may be a consequence of socioeconomic development and/or lifestyle. Using multilevel logistic regression models, environmental vulnerability was found to be significantl...
Source: Health and Place - August 18, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Chiao C, Deji-Abiodun O Tags: Health Place Source Type: research

Association of neighborhood-level social determinants and food environments with pediatric hypertension care.
Abstract Despite the apparent relationship between neighborhood characteristics and health, few studies of child health address neighborhood-level barriers, which may contribute to clinic no-show rates and difficulties following treatment plans in children and youth. We used longitudinal data from an outpatient hypertension clinic to examine neighborhood social disorganization, built environments, and their associations with patients' clinic attendance and the risk of obesity/hypertension using mixed-effects regression models. Patients from disorganized neighborhoods were less likely to attend a baseline visit, an...
Source: Health and Place - August 17, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Min J, Griffis HM, Tam V, Meyers KE, Natarajan SS Tags: Health Place Source Type: research

Demographic and social context of deaths during the 1854 cholera outbreak in Soho, London: a reappraisal of Dr John Snow's investigation.
Abstract Deaths from cholera in Soho, London (late July to end of September 1854) exposed the epidemiology of the disease and demonstrated applied geospatial analysis by highlighting the shortest path principle followed by local residents when they obtained drinking water from a contaminated pump. The present investigation explores if households and individuals with different demographic and socio-economic characteristics were more or less likely to obtain their water from the pump and succumb to the disease. It combines information from the 1851 Population Census and topographic databases with the digital deaths ...
Source: Health and Place - August 17, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Walford NS Tags: Health Place Source Type: research

Greener neighbourhoods, better memory? A longitudinal study.
Abstract Urban green space may help slow cognitive decline. We extend the investigation towards subjective memory and green space type using latent class analysis and multilevel models of 45,644 individuals in the Sax Institute's 45 and Up Study. Participants with more tree canopy relative to open grass within 1.6 km, compared to similar quantities of both types, tended to have more favourable odds of subjective memory complaints and self-rated excellent memory at baseline. Higher quantities of open grass relative to tree canopy did not afford similar levels of benefit. Socioeconomic factors explained associa...
Source: Health and Place - August 10, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Astell-Burt T, Feng X Tags: Health Place Source Type: research

Beyond adherence to social prescriptions: How places, social acquaintances and stories help walking group members to thrive.
Abstract Social prescribing (SP) is an increasingly popular means of enabling medical professionals to refer people to social activities. However, how individuals accommodate activity groups into their routines has been neglected by studies exploring SP. This paper uses qualitative approaches to explore how place and sociability influence the experiences of individuals with type-2 diabetes in a social prescription walking group. Using in-situ conversations and in-depth interviews, we demonstrate how place and sociability extends beyond a group via storytelling, and allows individuals to become part of a group. Und...
Source: Health and Place - August 9, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Esmene DS, Leyshon PC, Leyshon DM Tags: Health Place Source Type: research