Municipal police support for harm reduction services in officer-led referrals of people who inject drugs in Tijuana, Mexico
Police constitute a structural determinant of health and HIV risk of people who inject drugs (PWID), and negative encounters with law enforcement present significant barriers to PWID access to harm reduction s... (Source: Harm Reduction Journal)
Source: Harm Reduction Journal - July 26, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Pieter Baker, Jaime Arredondo, Annick Borquez, Erika Clairgue, Maria L. Mittal, Mario Morales, Teresita Rocha-Jimenez, Richard Garfein, Eyal Oren, Eileen Pitpitan, Steffanie A. Strathdee, Leo Beletsky and Javier A. Cepeda Tags: Research Source Type: research

Willingness to use a wearable device capable of detecting and reversing overdose among people who use opioids in Philadelphia
The incidence of opioid-related overdose deaths has been rising for 30 years and has been further exacerbated amidst the COVID-19 pandemic. Naloxone can reverse opioid overdose, lower death rates, and enable a... (Source: Harm Reduction Journal)
Source: Harm Reduction Journal - July 23, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Katie Kanter, Ryan Gallagher, Feyisope Eweje, Alexander Lee, David Gordon, Stephen Landy, Julia Gasior, Haideliza Soto-Calderon, Peter F. Cronholm, Ben Cocchiaro, James Weimer, Alexis Roth, Stephen Lankenau and Jacob Brenner Tags: Research Source Type: research

Injections and infections: understanding syringe service program utilization in a rural state
Increasing rates of injection drug use (IDU) associated-infections suggest significant syringe service program (SSP) underutilization. Our study objective was to assess practices of safe injection techniques a... (Source: Harm Reduction Journal)
Source: Harm Reduction Journal - July 17, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Kinna Thakarar, Nitysari Sankar, Kimberly Murray, Frances L. Lucas, Debra Burris and Robert P. Smith Tags: Research Source Type: research

Perceived physical health outcomes of direct-acting antiviral treatment for hepatitis C: a qualitative study
Novel health promotion and treatment uptake initiatives will be necessary to ensure Australia meets 2030 hepatitis C elimination targets. Increasing treatment uptake will be assisted by a better understanding ... (Source: Harm Reduction Journal)
Source: Harm Reduction Journal - July 15, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Stelliana Goutzamanis, Danielle Horyniak, Joseph S. Doyle, Margaret Hellard and Peter Higgs Tags: Brief report Source Type: research

Exploring the use of cannabis as a substitute for prescription drugs in a convenience sample
The use of cannabis as medicine (CaM) both prescribed and non-prescribed has increased markedly in the last decade, mirrored in a global shift in cannabis policy towards a more permissive stance. There is some... (Source: Harm Reduction Journal)
Source: Harm Reduction Journal - July 10, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Sinikka L. Kvamme, Michael M. Pedersen, Kristine R ømer Thomsen and Birgitte Thylstrup Tags: Research Source Type: research

Pharmacist attitudes and provision of harm reduction services in North Carolina: an exploratory study
Pharmacists are among the most accessible healthcare providers in the United States and uniquely positioned to provide harm reduction services. The availability of pharmacy-based harm reduction services and ph... (Source: Harm Reduction Journal)
Source: Harm Reduction Journal - July 8, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Rachel A. Parry, William A. Zule, Christopher B. Hurt, Donna M. Evon, Sarah K. Rhea and Delesha M. Carpenter Tags: Research Source Type: research

Factors associated with opioid overdose during medication-assisted treatment: How can we identify individuals at risk?
Due to the loss of tolerance to opioids during medication-assisted treatment (MAT), this period may represent a time of heightened risk for overdose. Identifying factors associated with increased risk of overd... (Source: Harm Reduction Journal)
Source: Harm Reduction Journal - July 8, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Vivian Y. O. Au, Tea Rosic, Nitika Sanger, Alannah Hillmer, Caroul Chawar, Andrew Worster, David C. Marsh, Lehana Thabane and Zainab Samaan Tags: Research Source Type: research

Therapy of chronic hepatitis C in people who inject drugs: focus on adherence
Intravenous drug use (IVDU) represents the major factor of HCV transmission, but the treatment uptake among people who inject drugs (PWID) remains low owing to a false presumption of low efficacy. The aim of o... (Source: Harm Reduction Journal)
Source: Harm Reduction Journal - June 30, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Sona Frankova, Zuzana Jandova, Gabriela Jinochova, Miluse Kreidlova, Dusan Merta and Jan Sperl Tags: Research Source Type: research

Factors that influence enrollment in syringe services programs in rural areas: a qualitative study among program clients in Appalachian Kentucky
Enrolling sufficient number of people who inject drugs (PWID) into syringe services programs (SSP) is important to curtail outbreaks of drug-related harms. Still, little is known about barriers and facilitator... (Source: Harm Reduction Journal)
Source: Harm Reduction Journal - June 30, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Umedjon Ibragimov, Katherine E. Cooper, Evan Batty, April M. Ballard, Monica Fadanelli, Skylar B. Gross, Emma M. Klein, Scott Lockard, April M. Young and Hannah L. F. Cooper Tags: Research Source Type: research

The state of harm reduction in prisons in 30 European countries with a focus on people who inject drugs and infectious diseases
People who inject drugs are often imprisoned, which is associated with increased levels of health risks including overdose and infectious diseases transmission, affecting not only people in prison but also the... (Source: Harm Reduction Journal)
Source: Harm Reduction Journal - June 29, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Heino St över, Anna Tarján, Gergely Horváth and Linda Montanari Tags: Research Source Type: research

Is expected substance type associated with timing of drug checking service utilization?: A cross-sectional study
Drug checking is a harm reduction intervention aiming to reduce substance use-related risks by improving drug user knowledge of the composition of unregulated drugs. With increasing fears of fentanyl adulterat... (Source: Harm Reduction Journal)
Source: Harm Reduction Journal - June 27, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tara Beaulieu, Evan Wood, Samuel Tobias, Mark Lysyshyn, Priya Patel, Jennifer Matthews and Lianping Ti Tags: Brief report Source Type: research

“If I knew I could get that every hour instead of alcohol, I would take the cannabis”: need and feasibility of cannabis substitution implementation in Canadian managed alcohol programs
While there is robust evidence for strategies to reduce harms of illicit drug use, less attention has been paid to alcohol harm reduction for people experiencing severe alcohol use disorder (AUD), homelessness... (Source: Harm Reduction Journal)
Source: Harm Reduction Journal - June 23, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Bernie Pauly, Meaghan Brown, Clifton Chow, Ashley Wettlaufer, Brittany Graham, Karen Urbanoski, Russell Callaghan, Cindy Rose, Michelle Jordan, Tim Stockwell, Gerald Thomas and Christy Sutherland Tags: Research Source Type: research

Epidemic of HIV infection among persons who inject drugs in mainland China: a series, cross-sectional study
Studies have suggested that the injection drug use (IDU) was no longer the main transmission route of HIV/AIDS in China. However, there has never been a study to assess the national HIV epidemic among persons ... (Source: Harm Reduction Journal)
Source: Harm Reduction Journal - June 12, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Bo Zhang, Xiangyu Yan, Yongjie Li, He Zhu, Zhimin Liu, Zuhong Lu and Zhongwei Jia Tags: Research Source Type: research

“You know, we can change the services to suit the circumstances of what is happening in the world”: a rapid case study of the COVID-19 response across city centre homelessness and health services in Edinburgh, Scotland
The COVID-19 pandemic has necessitated unprecedented changes in the way that health, social, and housing services are delivered to individuals experiencing homelessness and problem substance use. Protecting th... (Source: Harm Reduction Journal)
Source: Harm Reduction Journal - June 12, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tessa Parkes, Hannah Carver, Wendy Masterton, Danilo Falzon, Joshua Dumbrell, Susan Grant and Iain Wilson Tags: Research Source Type: research

High levels of used syringe use and unsafe sex among people who inject drugs in Kumasi, Ghana: an urgent call for a comprehensive harm reduction approach
Drug use is a growing concern in Ghana. People who inject drugs (PWID) are highly vulnerable to HIV and other infectious diseases. Ghana ’s National Strategic Plan for HIV/AIDS 2016–2020 identifies PWID as a ke... (Source: Harm Reduction Journal)
Source: Harm Reduction Journal - June 10, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Lisa J. Messersmith, Rose Adjei, Jennifer Beard, Angela R. Bazzi, Joel J. Earlywine, Edwin Darko, Thomas Agyarko-Poku, Mabel Kissiwah Asafo, Sherry Adoma Bempah and Yaw Adu-Sarkodie Tags: Research Source Type: research

Gaps in evidence for the use of medically authorized cannabis: Ontario and Alberta, Canada
With legal access to medical cannabis in Canada since 2001, there is a need to fully characterize its use at both the individual and population levels. We draw on data from Canada ’s largest cohort study of med... (Source: Harm Reduction Journal)
Source: Harm Reduction Journal - June 8, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Cerina Lee, Jessica M. Round, Scott Klarenbach, John G. Hanlon, Elaine Hyshka, Jason R. B. Dyck and Dean T. Eurich Tags: Research Source Type: research

Organizational support for frontline harm reduction and systems navigation work among workers with living and lived experience: qualitative findings from British Columbia, Canada
The inclusion of people with lived and living experience of substance use is essential to effective and client-centered harm reduction services and strategies. The aim of this study is to critically examine an... (Source: Harm Reduction Journal)
Source: Harm Reduction Journal - June 5, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: A. Greer, J. A. Buxton, B. Pauly and V. Bungay Tags: Research Source Type: research

Prevalence of HIV and HCV among injecting drug users in three selected WHO-EMRO countries: a meta-analysis
This study sought to determine the prevalence of HIV and He... (Source: Harm Reduction Journal)
Source: Harm Reduction Journal - May 27, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Shah Jahan Shayan, Rajab Nazari and Frank Kiwanuka Tags: Review Source Type: research

Relationship between benzodiazepine prescription, aggressive behavior, and behavioral disinhibition: a retrospective study in a Swiss prison
Benzodiazepines are commonly prescribed in prisons amidst the controversies surrounding their potential role in causing behavioral disinhibition and aggressive behavior and their association with use and traff... (Source: Harm Reduction Journal)
Source: Harm Reduction Journal - May 20, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: St éphanie Baggio, Vladan Starcevic, Patrick Heller, Karen Brändle, Irina Franke, Andreas Schneeberger, Anna Buadze, Alex Gamma, Roman Schleifer, Laurent Gétaz, Hans Wolff and Michael Liebrenz Tags: Research Source Type: research

Reducing drug-use harms among higher education students: MyUSE contextual-behaviour change digital intervention development using the Behaviour Change Wheel
Digital harm-reduction interventions typically focus on people with severe drug-use problems, yet these interventions have moderate effectiveness on drug-users with lower levels of risk of harm. The difference... (Source: Harm Reduction Journal)
Source: Harm Reduction Journal - May 20, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Vasilis S. Vasiliou, Samantha Dockray, Samantha Dick, Martin P. Davoren, Ciara Heavin, Conor Linehan and Michael Byrne Tags: Research Source Type: research

Use of sustained release dextroamphetamine for the treatment of stimulant use disorder in the setting of injectable opioid agonist treatment in Canada: a case report
For people with opioid use disorder who are not responding to oral opioid agonist treatment, evidence supports the effectiveness of injectable opioid agonist treatment with injectable hydromorphone (an opioid ... (Source: Harm Reduction Journal)
Source: Harm Reduction Journal - May 20, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Heather Palis, Scott MacDonald, Jennifer Jun and Eugenia Oviedo-Joekes Tags: Case report Source Type: research

High-intensity cannabis use and hospitalization: a prospective cohort study of street-involved youth in Vancouver, Canada
There is concern that cannabis use negatively affects vulnerable groups such as youth; however, the relationship between cannabis use and health care utilization has not been well characterized in this populat... (Source: Harm Reduction Journal)
Source: Harm Reduction Journal - May 17, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Hudson Reddon, M.-J. Milloy, Evan Wood, Ekaterina Nosova, Thomas Kerr and Kora DeBeck Tags: Research Source Type: research

Identification and treatment of viral hepatitis C in persons who use drugs: a prospective, multicenter outreach study in Flanders, Belgium
Targeted screening for hepatitis C viral (HCV) infection is not yet widely executed in Belgium. When performed in people who use drugs (PWUD), it is mainly focused on those receiving opiate agonist therapy (OA... (Source: Harm Reduction Journal)
Source: Harm Reduction Journal - May 17, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Dana Busschots, C écile Kremer, Rob Bielen, Özgür Muhammet Koc, Leen Heyens, Eefje Dercon, Rita Verrando, Tessa Windelinckx, Griet Maertens, Stefan Bourgeois, Niel Hens, Catharina Matheï and Geert Robaeys Tags: Research Source Type: research

Alcohol use and its determinants among adults living with HIV/AIDS in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Alcohol use is a common practice of almost all communities worldwide and it is more common among persons with HIV infection. Alcohol consumption among people with HIV/AIDS may result in poor treatment adherenc... (Source: Harm Reduction Journal)
Source: Harm Reduction Journal - May 17, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Birhanie Mekuriaw, Zelalem Belayneh, Alemayehu Molla and Tsegaye Mehare Tags: Review Source Type: research

Health literacy and changes in pattern of drug use among participants at the Stockholm Needle Exchange Program during the COVID-19 pandemic
People who inject drugs may be particularly vulnerable to the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) due to underlying health problems, stigma and social vulnerabilities. Harm reduction s... (Source: Harm Reduction Journal)
Source: Harm Reduction Journal - May 10, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: K. Lindqvist, C. Wallmofeldt, E. Holm én, A. Hammarberg and M. Kåberg Tags: Research Source Type: research

HIV incidence and associated risk factors in female spouses of men who inject drugs in Pakistan
Female sexual partners of men who inject drugs (MWID) living with HIV are at risk of HIV transmission. HIV prevalence estimates among non-drug using female sex partners of MWID are scarce, with no studies docu... (Source: Harm Reduction Journal)
Source: Harm Reduction Journal - May 8, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Jenny Iversen, Salman ul H Qureshi, Malika Zafar, Machteld Busz and Lisa Maher Tags: Research Source Type: research

Effect of Massachusetts House Bill No. 4196 on electronic cigarette use: a mixed-methods study
Electronic cigarettes, or e-cigarettes, are devices that deliver nicotine-containing aerosol and were used by 2.8% of American adults in 2017. Many people who smoke cigarettes have used e-cigarettes for smokin... (Source: Harm Reduction Journal)
Source: Harm Reduction Journal - May 5, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Amanda Katchmar, Adrian Gunawan and Michael Siegel Tags: Research Source Type: research

Motivations, dating app relationships, unintended consequences and change in sexual behaviour in dating app users at an Australian music festival
Despite the popularity of dating apps, there remain scarce data on the motivations, consequences and their influence on sexual behaviour change in the Australian population. (Source: Harm Reduction Journal)
Source: Harm Reduction Journal - May 4, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Shirali Garga, Meryl T. Thomas, Ashneet Bhatia, Aidan Sullivan, Franklin John-Leader and Sabrina W. Pit Tags: Research Source Type: research

Cannabis use, sedentary behavior, and physical activity in a nationally representative sample of US adults
Prior research examining the relationship between cannabis use, sedentary behavior, and physical activity has generated conflicting findings, potentially due to biases in the self-reported measures used to ass... (Source: Harm Reduction Journal)
Source: Harm Reduction Journal - April 29, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Lydia Q. Ong, John Bellettiere, Citlali Alvarado, Paul Chavez and Vincent Berardi Tags: Research Source Type: research

Practical implications of naloxone knowledge among suburban people who use opioids
Naloxone distribution programs have been a cornerstone of the public health response to the overdose crisis in the USA. Yet people who use opioids (PWUO) continue to face a number of barriers accessing naloxon... (Source: Harm Reduction Journal)
Source: Harm Reduction Journal - April 28, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Kristin E. Schneider, Glenna J. Urquhart, Saba Rouhani, Ju Nyeong Park, Miles Morris, Sean T. Allen and Susan G. Sherman Tags: Brief report Source Type: research

Considering treatment-as-prevention scale-up for Australian prisons: a qualitative sub-study of expert stakeholders from the Australian ‘surveillance and treatment of prisoners with hepatitis C’ project (SToP-C)
With direct-acting antivirals dramatically reshaping the public health response to the hepatitis C virus (HCV), prisons are set to play a critical role in elimination efforts. Despite the theoretical demonstra... (Source: Harm Reduction Journal)
Source: Harm Reduction Journal - April 26, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Jake Rance, Lise Lafferty and Carla Treloar Tags: Research Source Type: research

Examining common mental health disorders in people living with HIV on methadone maintenance therapy in Hanoi, Vietnam
Injection drug use drives HIV transmission in Southeast Asia, where around a quarter of users are living with HIV. Vietnam developed Methadone Maintenance Therapy (MMT) programs to reduce unsafe drug abuse. Co... (Source: Harm Reduction Journal)
Source: Harm Reduction Journal - April 23, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Anisa Y. Mughal, Melissa Ann Stockton, Quynh Bui, Vivian Go, Brian W. Pence, Tran Viet Ha and Bradley N. Gaynes Tags: Research Source Type: research

Hospital admissions and mortality due to complications of injection drug use in two hospitals in Regina, Canada: retrospective chart review
Infectious complications of injection drug use (IDU) often require lengthy inpatient treatment. Our objective was to identify the number of admissions related to IDU in Regina, Canada, as well as describe pati... (Source: Harm Reduction Journal)
Source: Harm Reduction Journal - April 21, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Polina Tsybina, Sandy Kassir, Megan Clark and Stuart Skinner Tags: Research Source Type: research

Shock and awe or incentive-compatible harm reduction? Graphic health warnings on tobacco packages
Graphic Health Warnings (GHWs) on cigarette packages were first introduced in Canada in 2001 and will become mandatory in the US as of January 2022. While previous studies have evaluated the impacts of GHWs, t... (Source: Harm Reduction Journal)
Source: Harm Reduction Journal - April 16, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Ian Irvine and Hai V. Nguyen Tags: Research Source Type: research

Evaluation of functional status among patients undergoing maintenance treatments for opioid use disorders
Methadone and buprenorphine are the most prevalent types of opioid maintenance programs in Andalusia. The main objective is comparing the functional status of patients with pharmacological opioid maintenance t... (Source: Harm Reduction Journal)
Source: Harm Reduction Journal - April 13, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Juan J. Ru íz Ruíz, José M. Martinez Delgado and Nuria García-Marchena Tags: Research Source Type: research

‘I perceive it to be less harmful, I have no idea if it is or not:’ a qualitative exploration of the harm perceptions of IQOS among adult users
Harm perceptions of tobacco and nicotine products can influence their use and could be targeted by policies to change behaviour. IQOS was introduced to the UK in 2016, and there is little independent qualitati... (Source: Harm Reduction Journal)
Source: Harm Reduction Journal - April 13, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Katherine A. East, Charlotte N. E. Tompkins, Ann McNeill and Sara C. Hitchman Tags: Research Source Type: research

Ethical and legal issues in psychedelic harm reduction and integration therapy
Psychedelic-assisted therapy may represent an upcoming paradigm shift in the treatment of mental health problems as recent clinical trials have demonstrated strong evidence of their therapeutic benefits. While... (Source: Harm Reduction Journal)
Source: Harm Reduction Journal - April 7, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Brian Pilecki, Jason B. Luoma, Geoff J. Bathje, Joseph Rhea and Vilmarie Fraguada Narloch Tags: Opinion Source Type: research

Rapid point-of-care (POC) testing for Hepatitis C antibodies in a very high prevalence setting: persons injecting drugs in Tallinn, Estonia
Between December 2018 and January of 2019, we evaluated the accuracy of the point-of-care Hepatitis C (HCV) antibody test (POC; OraQuick HCV) used at a community-based needle and syringe exchange program servi... (Source: Harm Reduction Journal)
Source: Harm Reduction Journal - April 1, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Anneli Uusk üla, Ave Talu, Jürgen Rannap, David M. Barnes and Don Des Jarlais Tags: Research Source Type: research

Predictors of hepatitis C treatment outcomes in a harm reduction-focused primary care program in New York City
The social determinants of health that influence steps in the entire Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) treatment cascade must be identified to achieve HCV elimination goals. This project aimed to evaluate the associatio... (Source: Harm Reduction Journal)
Source: Harm Reduction Journal - March 31, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Jacob Ziff, Trang Vu, Danielle Dvir, Farah Riazi, Wilma Toribio, Scott Oster, Keith Sigel and Jeffrey Weiss Tags: Research Source Type: research

Combining respondent-driven sampling with a community-based participatory action study of people who smoke drugs in two cities in British Columbia, Canada
The smoking of illicit drugs presents a serious social and economic burden in Canada. People who smoke drugs (PWSD) are at increased risk of contracting multiple infections through risky drug practices. Peer-l... (Source: Harm Reduction Journal)
Source: Harm Reduction Journal - March 26, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Sulaf Elkhalifa, Ehsan Jozaghi, Samona Marsh, Erica Thomson, Delilah Gregg, Jane Buxton and Ann Jolly Tags: Research Source Type: research

Reducing the smoking-related health burden in the USA through diversion to electronic cigarettes: a system dynamics simulation study
Electronic cigarettes ( “e-cigarettes”) have altered tobacco smoking trends, and their impacts are controversial. Given their lower risk relative to combustible tobacco, e-cigarettes have potential for harm red... (Source: Harm Reduction Journal)
Source: Harm Reduction Journal - March 20, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Arielle S. Selya Tags: Research Source Type: research

“Drugs are a taboo”: a qualitative and retrospective study on the role of education and harm reduction strategies associated with the use of psychoactive substances under the age of 18
The use of psychoactive substances frequently starts at a younger age than adulthood. Considering the perspective of young people, this retrospective study tried to provide them with a role in identifying thei... (Source: Harm Reduction Journal)
Source: Harm Reduction Journal - March 17, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Gabriela Almeida Pinto da Silva, Catarina Pinto Pereira and Marta Sofia de Sousa Pinto Tags: Research Source Type: research

A study protocol for a quasi-experimental community trial evaluating the integration of indigenous healing practices and a harm reduction approach with principles of seeking safety in an indigenous residential treatment program in Northern Ontario
Indigenous communities in Canada face significant challenges with intergenerational trauma, which manifests in substance use disorders. There is consensus that connecting treatment approaches to culture, land,... (Source: Harm Reduction Journal)
Source: Harm Reduction Journal - March 17, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: T. N. Marsh, C. Eshakakogan, J. K. Eibl, M. Spence, K. A. Morin, G. J. Gauthier and D. C. Marsh Tags: Methodology Source Type: research

Lifetime and past-month substance use and injection among street-based female sex workers in Iran
Street-based female sex workers (FSWs) are highly at risk of HIV and other harms associated with sex work. We assessed the prevalence of non-injection and injection drug use and their associated factors among ... (Source: Harm Reduction Journal)
Source: Harm Reduction Journal - March 16, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Payam Roshanfekr, Mehrdad Khezri, Salah Eddin Karimi, Meroe Vameghi, Delaram Ali, Sina Ahmadi, Elahe Ahounbar, Kambiz Mahzari, Mohsen Roshanpajouh, Mehdi Noroozi, Mostafa Shokoohi and Ali Mirzazadeh Tags: Research Source Type: research

“My first 48 hours out”: drug users’ perspectives on challenges and strategies upon release from prison
Prisoners report much higher prevalence rates of drug use and more harmful consumption patterns than the general population. People who use drugs have above-average experiences with the criminal justice system... (Source: Harm Reduction Journal)
Source: Harm Reduction Journal - March 12, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Daniela Jamin, Wouter Vanderplasschen, Orph ée Sys, Marie Jauffret-Roustide, Laurent Michel, Philippe Trouiller, Andreia Neisa, Mariana Homen, Vânia Mendes and Heino Stöver Tags: Research Source Type: research

Critical appraisal of the European Union Scientific Committee on Health, Environmental and Emerging Risks (SCHEER) Preliminary Opinion on electronic cigarettes
In preparation for the 2021 revision of the European Union Tobacco Products Directive, the Scientific Committee on Health, Environmental and Emerging Risks (SCHEER) has posted its Preliminary Opinion on Electroni... (Source: Harm Reduction Journal)
Source: Harm Reduction Journal - March 10, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Ren ée O’Leary, Riccardo Polosa and Giovanni Li Volti Tags: Opinion Source Type: research

High concentrations of illicit stimulants and cutting agents cause false positives on fentanyl test strips
The opioid epidemic has caused an increase in overdose deaths which can be attributed to fentanyl combined with various illicit substances. Drug checking programs have been started by many harm reduction group... (Source: Harm Reduction Journal)
Source: Harm Reduction Journal - March 9, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tracy-Lynn E. Lockwood, Alexandra Vervoordt and Marya Lieberman Tags: Research Source Type: research

Hoots and harm reduction: a qualitative study identifying gaps in overdose prevention among women who smoke drugs
Smoking or inhaling illicit drugs can lead to a variety of negative health outcomes, including overdose. However, most overdose prevention interventions, such as supervised consumption services (SCS), prohibit... (Source: Harm Reduction Journal)
Source: Harm Reduction Journal - March 7, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Geoff Bardwell, Tamar Austin, Lisa Maher and Jade Boyd Tags: Research Source Type: research

Association between heaviness of cigarette smoking and serious psychological distress is stronger in women than in men: a nationally representative cross-sectional survey in Japan
Higher smoking prevalence in people with serious psychological distress (SPD) is well-recognized. However, gender and age differences in the association between heaviness of cigarette smoking and SPD have not ... (Source: Harm Reduction Journal)
Source: Harm Reduction Journal - March 4, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Kimiko Tomioka, Midori Shima and Keigo Saeki Tags: Research Source Type: research

Electronic cigarettes in standard smoking cessation treatment by tobacco counselors in Flanders: E-cigarette users show similar if not higher quit rates as those using commonly recommended smoking cessation aids
This interventional-cohort study tried to answer if people who smoke and choose an e-cigarette in the context of smoking cessation treatment by tobacco counselors in Flanders are achieving smoking abstinence a... (Source: Harm Reduction Journal)
Source: Harm Reduction Journal - March 4, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Karolien Adriaens, Eline Belmans, Dinska Van Gucht and Frank Baeyens Tags: Research Source Type: research