Use of Arbitrary Reference Genes May Lead to Misleading Conclusions
Gynecol Obstet Invest (Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation)
Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation - July 3, 2019 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Impact of Diabetes Mellitus on Postoperative Complications Following Laparoscopic Hysterectomy for Benign Indications
Conclusion: Both NIDDM and IDDM were independent risk factors for postoperative complications after laparoscopic hysterectomy. However, the IDDM cohort had the highest odds of complications. Diabetic patients should be carefully counseled regarding their elevated risk of perioperative complications.Gynecol Obstet Invest (Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation)
Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation - June 18, 2019 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Lack of an Association between a Polymorphism in the KRAS 3 ′ Untranslated Region (rs61764370) and Endometriosis in a Large European Case-Control Study
Conclusion: A germ-line single-nucleotide polymorphism in thelet-7 microRNA-binding site of theKRAS gene was not associated with sporadic endometriosis in an infertile Caucasian population in this large case-control study. However, it remains possible that this gene variant may be a marker of treatment resistance. Further studies on the role of this polymorphism in endometriosis are needed.Gynecol Obstet Invest (Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation)
Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation - June 11, 2019 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

A Comparison of Hemostatic Properties between Monopolar and Bipolar Hysteroscopic Surgery using Rotational Thromboelastometry: A Randomized Trial
Conclusion: Irrigation fluid absorbed in healthy women during HS caused hypocoagulable changes in the blood, irrespective of the irrigant type, and no significant differences between HS using monopolar and bipolar electrodes were demonstrated.Gynecol Obstet Invest (Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation)
Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation - May 24, 2019 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Evaluation of Clinical Outcome and Risk Factors for Recurrence after Pelvic Reconstruction of Pelvic Organ Prolapse with Implanted Mesh or Biological Grafts: A Single-Blind Randomized Trial
Conclusions: The surgical recurrence rate for the mesh was similar to biological grafts at short-term follow-up. Eating soy products often and vaginal intercourse after surgery can reduce recurrence.Gynecol Obstet Invest (Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation)
Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation - May 22, 2019 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Hybrid Laparoendoscopic Single-Site Surgery Using a 2-mm Mini-Laparoscopic Instrument versus Conventional Three-Port Laparoscopy for Gynecologic Adnexal Diseases: A Prospective Randomized Trial
Conclusion: Despite the reduced umbilical incision size and the absence of specialized instruments required in LESS, the hLESS revealed a similar surgical time, lower postoperative pain, and a better cosmetic outcome compared to TPL.Gynecol Obstet Invest (Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation)
Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation - May 22, 2019 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Silencing of Forkhead Box M1 Reverses Transforming Growth Factor- β1-Induced Invasion and Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition of Endometriotic Epithelial Cells
Conclusions: Silencing of FoxM1 could reverse TGF- β1-induced invasion and EMT of EECs.Gynecol Obstet Invest (Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation)
Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation - May 5, 2019 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Measurement of Uterine and Abdominal Muscle Electromyography in Pregnant Women for Estimation of Expulsive Activities during the 2nd Stage of Labor
Conclusions: (1) Uterine and abdominal EMG activities reflect the expulsive involuntary (uterine) and voluntary (abdominal) muscular activities during the 2nd stage of labor. (2) RMS and power of abdominal EMG diminish with longer labor when uterine EMG intensities are similar. (3) Recording of uterine and abdominal muscle activity provides objective evaluation of the muscle activity during the 2nd stage of labor and may aid in the evaluation of any interventions.Gynecol Obstet Invest (Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation)
Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation - May 5, 2019 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Spontaneous Regression of Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia 2: A Meta-analysis
Conclusion: Spontaneous regression rate of CIN2 is considerably high, especially in younger years.Gynecol Obstet Invest (Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation)
Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation - May 5, 2019 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Maternal Anemia and Coagulation/Fibrinolysis after Fetoscopic Laser Photocoagulation for Twin-to-Twin Transfusion Syndrome
Conclusion: Changes in maternal anemia and coagulation/fibrinolysis after FLP for TTTS returned to normal spontaneously within 2 weeks. Maternal elevation of D-dimer level after FLP might be a warning indicator of VTE.Gynecol Obstet Invest (Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation)
Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation - April 15, 2019 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Familial Hydrocephalus and Dysgenesis of the Corpus Callosum Associated with Xp22.33 Duplication and Stenosis of the Aqueduct of Sylvius with X-Linked Recessive Inheritance Pattern
Discussion: This family demonstrates typical X-linked recessive heritability. X-inactivation is a compensatory mechanism that explains the mild symptoms of the female child and the severe symptoms of the male child. This familial case shows the importance of prenatal testing and genetic counseling and testing, including karyotype and chromosomal microarray.Gynecol Obstet Invest (Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation)
Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation - April 15, 2019 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Laparoscopic Myomectomy with Temporary Bilateral Uterine Artery and Utero-Ovarian Vessels Occlusion Compared with Traditional Surgery for Uterine Fibroids: Blood Loss and Recurrence
Conclusion: LM with temporary bilateral uterine artery and utero-ovarian vessels occlusion has the advantages of less intraoperative bleeding compared with LM and laparoscopic transient uterine artery ligation and does not increase the mean operative time.Gynecol Obstet Invest (Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation)
Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation - April 15, 2019 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Urodynamics as a Prognosticator of Mirabegron Treatment Outcomes
Conclusions: We found limited support for clinically relevant associations between findings at urodynamics and subsequent treatment outcomes for mirabegron in routine clinical practice. Our findings do not support the role of these investigations as predictors of outcomes in patients with overactive bladder symptoms.Gynecol Obstet Invest (Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation)
Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation - March 21, 2019 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Uncommon Mixed Endometrial-Myometrial Benign Tumors of the Reproductive Tract: Literature Review
Conclusion: There is need for more detailed and structured description of reported cases including clinical presentation and associated pathology.Gynecol Obstet Invest (Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation)
Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation - March 20, 2019 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Impact of Metastatic Lymph Node to Total Lymph Node Ratio on Survival of Endometrial Cancer Patients
Conclusion: This study found that TLN, LNR, age, stage, histopathology, ovarian involvement, and adjuvant treatment were prognostic factors for survival in advanced-stage EMC. Only the adjuvant treatment of radiation with or without chemotherapy was the only independent significant prognostic factor.Gynecol Obstet Invest (Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation)
Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation - March 7, 2019 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Lack of Survival Benefit of Para-Aortic Lymphadenectomy in Advanced Cervical Cancer
Conclusions: Despite the higher diagnostic accuracy of surgical staging and the higher number of patient who received extended field radiotherapy, we did not find differences between the overall and PFS rates in both the studied groups. Further prospective study on a higher number of patients would be necessary.Gynecol Obstet Invest (Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation)
Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation - March 7, 2019 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Antidiabetic Medications and the Risk of Endometrial Cancer in Patients
Conclusion: Our data indicate that metformin, SUs, and insulin did not meaningfully affect the risk of EC. Further investigation is warranted.Gynecol Obstet Invest (Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation)
Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation - February 27, 2019 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Live Births after in vitro Fertilization with Fertility-Sparing Surgery for Borderline Ovarian Tumors: A Case Series and Literature Review
This is a case series reporting live births following in vitro fertilization (IVF) after fertility-sparing surgery in patients with borderline ovarian tumors (BOTs). Seventeen patients, in whom fertility-sparing surgery for BOTs followed by IVF was performed from July 1, 2011 to September 30, 2017, in our IVF center, were included. Here we retrospectively present their BOT characteristics and clinical outcomes of assisted reproduction technology (ART) and then discuss the literature on management of patients with BOTs after fertility-sparing surgery. The study sample of 17 patients started IVF-assisted reproduction within ...
Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation - February 21, 2019 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Possible Association between Cathepsin V and the Development of Placenta Accreta Spectrum Disorders
Discussion: This limited study suggests that CTSV may be involved in the pathogenesis of PAS.Gynecol Obstet Invest (Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation)
Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation - February 14, 2019 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Normality Ranges of Menstrual Fluid Volume During Reproductive Life Using Direct Quantification of Menses with Vaginal Cups
Conclusion: A menstrual volume over 169 mL should be considered abnormal on multiparous patients. Age was not associated with changes on menstrual fluid volume.Gynecol Obstet Invest (Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation)
Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation - February 1, 2019 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Interleukin-15 and Interleukin-7 are the Major Cytokines to Maintain Endometriosis
Conclusions: Our hypothesis is that deep endometriosis is a disease out of control. This disease ’s nature is of progression and invasion of adjacent structures, and proof of this disease state is the disorganized secretion of cytokine regulation and inflammation, which seem to be among the factors responsible for the maintenance of the disease.Gynecol Obstet Invest (Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation)
Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation - February 1, 2019 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Reported Outcomes in Perinatal Iron Deficiency Anemia Trials: A Systematic Review
Conclusion: This review identifies a comprehensive long-list of outcomes reported of perinatal iron interventions for ID/IDA. Beyond highlighting existing variation in outcome reporting, it provides a foundation for development of a COS for future trials.Gynecol Obstet Invest (Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation)
Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation - February 1, 2019 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy in the Treatment of Endometrial Cancer: Why We Fail? Results of a Prospective Multicenter Study on the Factors Associated with Failure of Node Mapping with Indocyanine Green
Conclusions: Neither obesity nor the presence of lymph node metastases was associated with mapping failure. However, there remains a need for further studies to understand all the mechanisms linked to the unsuccessful method results and to reduce the use of systematic lymphadenectomy in the case of mapping failure.Gynecol Obstet Invest (Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation)
Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation - January 18, 2019 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

The Effect of Preoperative Neutrophil-To-Lymphocyte Ratio and Platelet-To-Lymphocyte Ratio on Predicting Rupture Risk in Tubal Ectopic Pregnancies
Conclusion: Systemic inflammatory markers are feasible and affordable tools for predicting tubal rupture risk in ampullar EPs and might be useful for determining surgery decision especially in low resource settings.Gynecol Obstet Invest (Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation)
Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation - January 17, 2019 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Deregulated microRNAs and Adiponectin in Postmenopausal Women with Breast Cancer
Conclusions: Circulating miRs and adiponectin were deregulated in postmenopausal women with BC.Gynecol Obstet Invest (Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation)
Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation - January 16, 2019 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Identifying Molecular Markers of Cervical Cancer Based on Competing Endogenous RNA Network Analysis
Conclusion: The key prognostic lncRNAs, miRNAs, and mRNAs may serve as potential molecular markers for recurrence prediction and may contribute to the treatment of cervical cancer.Gynecol Obstet Invest (Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation)
Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation - January 13, 2019 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Comparison of Efficacy between Internal Iliac Artery and Abdominal Aorta Balloon Occlusions in Pernicious Placenta Previa Patients with Placenta Accrete
Conclusion: IIA and AA occlusions have similar hemostatic effects in pernicious placenta previa patients with placenta accrete underwent cesarean delivery, while AA occlusion is more effective in reducing EBL in placenta percreta subgroup.Gynecol Obstet Invest (Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation)
Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation - January 13, 2019 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Nutrition as a Potential Factor of Primary Dysmenorrhea: A Systematic Review of Observational Studies
Conclusion: A few studies showed inconclusive findings due to methodological heterogeneities for assessing nutritional habits and different methods of measuring dysmenorrhea pain. Therefore, further analysis and future interventional studies with stronger methodologies are required.Gynecol Obstet Invest (Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation)
Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation - January 13, 2019 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Morphological and Functional Changes in the Vagina following Critical Lifespan Events in the Ewe
Conclusion: The changes in the ovine vaginal wall during representative moments of her lifespan parallel those observed in women.Gynecol Obstet Invest (Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation)
Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation - January 13, 2019 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Effectiveness and Adverse Events of Early Laparoscopic Therapy versus Conservative Treatment for Tubo-Ovarian or Pelvic Abscess: A Single-Center Retrospective Cohort Study
Conclusion: Early laparoscopic treatment is associated with shorter time of fever resolution, shorter hospitalization, and less blood loss compared with conventional treatment for TOA or pelvic abscess.Gynecol Obstet Invest (Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation)
Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation - January 4, 2019 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Second Trimester Serum Biomarker Screen for Fetal Aneuploidies as a Predictor of Preterm Delivery: A Population-Based Study
Conclusion: The second trimester Down syndrome screening could also be used as a tool of risk identification of preterm birth in the same test, without extra-effort and extra-cost.Gynecol Obstet Invest (Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation)
Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation - January 2, 2019 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Ten-Year Comparison Study of Type 1 and 2 Endometrial Cancers: Risk Factors and Outcomes
Conclusions: Consistent with previous literature, our analysis found that type 2 cancer is more common in non-white, older, and less obese patients and associated with higher mortality and recurrence. However, inconsistent with previous literature, we found no association between type 2 cancer and diabetes mellitus or use of HRT. These factors should be considered when approaching patients with endometrial cancer.Gynecol Obstet Invest (Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation)
Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation - January 2, 2019 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Over Ten-Cell Good Embryo Transfers on Day Three have Equivalent Clinical Outcomes with Those of Eight-Cell Embryos in Female Patients Aged ≤35 Years: A Retrospective Cohort Study
Conclusions: The results suggested that #x3e; 10- and 8-cell, good quality embryos on day 3, had comparable viability and clinical outcomes.Gynecol Obstet Invest (Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation)
Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation - January 2, 2019 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Ulipristal Acetate before Hysteroscopic and Laparoscopic Surgery for Uterine Myomas: Help or Hindrance?
Conclusion: current results support the use of UPA prior to both surgical procedures. Further studies should confirm these preliminary findings and to assess the long-term outcomes of myomectomies following UPA treatment.Gynecol Obstet Invest (Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation)
Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation - December 14, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

A Matched Analysis on the Prognostic Impact of Race on Survival Endpoints of Women with Early-Stage Endometrial Cancer
Conclusions: When matched based on the tumor stage, grade, adjuvant treatment, age, and year of surgery, our study suggests that there is no statistically significant difference in any survival endpoints between AA and NAA women with early-stage EC. Based on these data, disparities in outcome likely do not stem from uterine cancer-related causes. The increased comorbidity burden in AA women is likely a factor contributing to the racial disparity in endometrial cancer.Gynecol Obstet Invest (Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation)
Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation - December 13, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Ultrasonographic Findings of Uterine Carcinosarcoma
Conclusion: Combined with the clinical features, the characteristics demonstrated by TVS provide evidence for an indication of the presence of UCS and could contribute to clinical decision-making.Gynecol Obstet Invest (Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation)
Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation - November 30, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Role of β-Estradiol in MCF-7 Breast Cancer Cell Line Based on the Bioinformatics Analysis
Conclusion:β-Estradiol may play a key role in contributing to BC progression and metastasis by regulating the expression of the selected genes.Gynecol Obstet Invest (Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation)
Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation - November 23, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Impact of Locoregional Treatment on Prognosis of de novo Stage IV Breast Cancer: A Retrospective Long-Term Study of Chinese Population
Conclusion: Locoregional surgery and radiotherapy of primary tumor might be beneficial for Chinese patients with stage IV breast cancer. It proposed that surgical resection for selected stage IV breast cancer patients.Gynecol Obstet Invest (Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation)
Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation - November 16, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Clinical and Ultrasound Predictors of Placenta Accreta in Pregnant Women with Antepartum Diagnosis of Placenta Previa: A Multicenter Study
Conclusions: Women with a prior delivery by caesarean section have a high incidence of placentaaccreta among women with antepartum diagnosis of placentaprevia.Gynecol Obstet Invest (Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation)
Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation - November 16, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Impact of Laparoscopy to Assess Resectability in Stage IIIC Epithelial Ovarian, Tubal and Peritoneal Cancer Patients
Conclusion: Laparoscopy for the assessment of surgical resectability in stage IIIC EOC has no impact on survival; but it still could be useful for the reduction of unnecessary laparotomies after NACT.Gynecol Obstet Invest (Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation)
Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation - November 14, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Ovarian Clear Cell Carcinoma Detected During Long-Term Management of Endometriotic Cysts in Young Patients: Possible Heterogeneity of this Tumor
Ovarian endometriotic cysts have been identified as the possible origin of ovarian clear cell carcinoma (OCCC), so predicting or preventing future transformation is important. Early detection of clear cell carcinoma is important because it shows low sensitivity to chemotherapy and the prognosis is worse than for other histologic types. We recently treated 2 patients with OCCC. They were both young women with no family history of cancer who received long-term oral contraceptive therapy for endometriotic cysts, and the histologic diagnosis was typical clear cell carcinoma in both patients. However, in Case 1, the tumor was d...
Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation - November 13, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Acknowledgement to the Reviewers
Gynecol Obstet Invest 2018;83:627 –628 (Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation)
Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation - November 8, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Contents Vol. 83, 2018
Gynecol Obstet Invest 2018;83:I –VI (Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation)
Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation - November 8, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

A Non-Lethal Osteogenesis Imperfecta Type II Mutation
Conclusion: The unexpected clinical outcome should serve as a reminder that phenotypic variability can occur with genetic mutations. Our case shows that the diagnosis of the type of OI should be based not only on clinical findings and genetic investigations but also on the clinical course over time.Gynecol Obstet Invest (Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation)
Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation - November 8, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Chorionic Bump: An Early Ultrasound Marker for Adverse Obstetric Outcome
Conclusions: The presence of a chorionic bump is associated with a significant higher risk of adverse perinatal outcome.Gynecol Obstet Invest (Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation)
Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation - November 2, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Preliminary insights on the relation between endometriosis, pelvic pain, and employment
Conclusion: Endometriosis symptoms may significantly affect women ’s professional life, with important socioeconomic, legal, and political implications. Community-based participatory research is encouraged.Gynecol Obstet Invest (Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation)
Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation - October 31, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Three-Dimensional Modelization of the Female Human Inferior Hypogastric Plexus: Implications for Nerve-Sparing Radical Hysterectomy
Conclusions: The SHP could be injured during paraaortic lymphadenectomy. Following the ureter and resecting the medial fibrous part of the uterosacral ligament may spare the HN. No dissection should be performed under the crossing point of the ureter and the uterine artery.Gynecol Obstet Invest (Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation)
Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation - October 31, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

High Genetic Risk Scores of < b > < i > ASIC2, MACROD2, CHRM3 < /i > < /b > , and < b > < i > C2orf83 < /i > < /b > Genetic Variants Associated with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Impair Insulin Sensitivity and Interact with Energy Intake in Korean Women
Conclusion: Women with high-GRS for PCOS had increased risk of insulin resistance and low energy intake did not protect against the elevation of insulin resistance in women with high GRS. Low energy intake might be protective against PCOS in carriers with low and medium GRS.Gynecol Obstet Invest (Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation)
Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation - October 19, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Risk Factors of Intra-Amniotic Infection Related to Induction with Single-Balloon Catheter: A Case-Control Study
Conclusions: Focus on these risk factors could result in earlier prophylaxis so that the incidence of IAI could be reduced.Gynecol Obstet Invest (Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation)
Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation - October 17, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Clinical Impact of a Restrictive Labor Induction Approval Process
Conclusions: Implementation of a labor induction approval process was associated with a significant reduction in overall and non-indicated induction rates but did not affect the primary cesarean rate or neonatal outcomes.Gynecol Obstet Invest (Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation)
Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation - October 12, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research