Whole-genome comparative analysis of Campylobacter jejuni strains isolated from patients with diarrhea in northeastern Poland
ConclusionsCampylobacter jejuni ST50, ST51 and ST257 are among the top ten of STs isolated in Europe. WGS revealed diversity of serotypes and LOS classes in ST50 strains, that deserves further clinical and epidemiological investigations as it might be related to a risk of post-infectious neurological sequels such as Guillain-Barr é syndrome. Additionally, the results implicate lower pathogenic potential and distinct transmission chains or reservoirs forC. jejuni ST51 isolates responsible for campylobacteriosis in northeastern Poland. (Source: Gut Pathogens)
Source: Gut Pathogens - June 19, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Differential genetic and functional background in inflammatory bowel disease phenotypes of a Greek population: a systems bioinformatics approach
ConclusionsIBD ’s burden on the quality of life of patients and intricate functional background presents us constantly with new challenges. Our data and methodology provide researchers with new insights to a specific population, but also, to possible differentiation markers of disease classification and progress ion. This work, not only provides new insights into the interplay among IBD risk variants and their related signaling pathways, elucidates the mechanisms underlying IBD and its clinical sequelae, but also, introduces a generalized bioinformatics-based methodology which can be applied to studies of d ifferent ...
Source: Gut Pathogens - June 15, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Extensive inter-strain diversity among clinical isolates of Shigella flexneri with reference to its serotype, virulence traits and plasmid incompatibility types, a study from south India over a 6-year period
ConclusionsIn order to estimate the burden of the disease caused by the new serotypes, it is important to have knowledge of the locally prevalent serotype. This will prove helpful in developing strategies for prevention of same especially since, the immunity in such diseases is serotype specific. Thus, the emergence of non-typable atypical serotypes ofS. flexneri from natural infections needs to be investigated further. This study highlights the emergence of genetic variants exhibiting resistance to many antibiotics which needs to be studied for understanding the ever-changing landscape of this pathogen. (Source: Gut Pathogens)
Source: Gut Pathogens - June 14, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Proton pump inhibitors and 180-day mortality in the elderly after Clostridium difficile treatment
ConclusionUse of PPIs during CDI treatment in elderly patients is associated with decreased 180-day mortality. Although use of PPIs has been associated with an increased risk of CDI, it appears to be protective against mortality when used during the treatment phase. (Source: Gut Pathogens)
Source: Gut Pathogens - June 13, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Characterization of internalin genes in Listeria monocytogenes from food and humans, and their association with the invasion of Caco-2 cells
In this study, the gene sequences of inlA in 120L. monocytogenes isolates from food (n  = 107) and humans (n = 13) were analyzed. Premature stop codon (PMSC) mutations ininlA were identified in 51 isolates (50 from food and 1 from human). Six mutation types of PMSCs were identified. Among the 51 isolates with PMSCs ininlA, there were 44 serogroup 1/2c, 3c isolates from food, of which seven belonged to serogroups 1/2a, 3a. A total of 153,382 SNPs in 2247 core genes from 42 genomes were identified and used to construct a phylogenetic tree. Serotype 1/2c isolates with inlA PMSC mutations were group...
Source: Gut Pathogens - June 10, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection and antibiotic resistance profile in Armenia
ConclusionsHelicobacter pylori infection is estimated to be about 42% among adults in Armenia and the low clarithromycin resistance allows the use of the standard triple therapy as a first line therapy. (Source: Gut Pathogens)
Source: Gut Pathogens - June 8, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

High frequency of toxigenic Clostridium difficile and Clostridium perfringens coinfection among diarrheic patients at health care facility-onset (HCFO) and community-onset (CO) centers in Bogot á, Colombia
ConclusionsThis study is the first molecular detection and characterization ofC. difficile andC. perfringens in HCFO and CO in Latin America and demonstrates a relevant frequency of these two species, including coinfection and strikingly diverse toxigenic profiles, especially in the CO. (Source: Gut Pathogens)
Source: Gut Pathogens - June 3, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Variation of human norovirus GII genotypes detected in Ibaraki, Japan, during 2012 –2018
ConclusionsVarious HuNoV genotypes including GII.2, GII.4, GII.6, and GII.17 were shown to be associated with various types of outbreak sites (at childcare and educational facilities, involving cases of food poisoning, and at elderly nursing homes) in this study. These genotypes emerged in recent years, and their prevalence patterns differed from each other. Moreover, differences in outbreak sites and viral load of patients among the genotypes were identified. (Source: Gut Pathogens)
Source: Gut Pathogens - May 24, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Genomic characterization of Escherichia coli LCT-EC001, an extremely multidrug-resistant strain with an amazing number of resistance genes
ConclusionsAntibiotic resistance was extremely severe inE. coli LCT-EC001, mainly due to mobile genetic elements that allowed the gain of a large quantity of resistance genes. The antibiotic resistance genes ofE. coli LCT-EC001 can probably be transferred to other bacteria. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of a strain ofE. coli which has such a large amount of antibiotic resistance genes. Apart from providing anE. coli reference genome with an extremely high multidrug-resistant background for future analyses, this work also offers a strategy for investigating the complement and characteristics of gene...
Source: Gut Pathogens - May 21, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Prevalence and pathologic effects of colibactin and cytotoxic necrotizing factor-1 (Cnf 1) in Escherichia coli : experimental and bioinformatics analyses
ConclusionOnly 33.3% of the hemolyticUPEC isolates exhibited the phenotypic and genotypic features of Cnf 1 and Colibactin. The in vivo animal model results gives an evidence of active Cnf 1 and Colibactin expression and indicates the risks associated with recurrent and chronic UTIs caused byUPEC. The bioinformatics analyses confirmed the predominance of colibactinpks island among Enterobacteriaceae family (92.86%), with the highest occurrence amongEscherichia species (53.57%), followed byKlebsiella (28.57%),Citrobacter (7.14%), andEnterobacter species (3.57%). The Cnf 1 is predominant amongEscherichia coli (94.05%) and sp...
Source: Gut Pathogens - May 19, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Immunopathological properties of the Campylobacter jejuni flagellins and the adhesin CadF as assessed in a clinical murine infection model
ConclusionFor the first time, our observations revealed that theC. jejuni flagellins A/B, but not adhesion mediated by CadF, are essential for inducing murine campylobacteriosis. Furthermore, the secondary abiotic IL-10−/− infection model has been proven suitable not only for detailed investigations of immunological aspects of campylobacteriosis, but also for differential analyses of the roles of distinctC. jejuni virulence factors in induction and progression of disease. (Source: Gut Pathogens)
Source: Gut Pathogens - May 17, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Cytokines derived from innate lymphoid cells assist Helicobacter hepaticus to aggravate hepatocellular tumorigenesis in viral transgenic mice
ConclusionsHelicobacter hepaticus generate a detrimental immune microenvironment by IFN- γ/p-STAT1 axis which can promote the tumorigenesis of hepatitis B via recruiting innate lymphoid cells. (Source: Gut Pathogens)
Source: Gut Pathogens - May 15, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

High primary resistance to metronidazole and levofloxacin, and a moderate resistance to clarithromycin in Helicobacter pylori isolated from Karnataka patients
ConclusionHigh primary resistance to metronidazole and levofloxacin, and a modest occurrence of clarithromycin resistance were revealed inH. pylori strains isolated from Karnataka patients. Therefore metronidazole-, levofloxacin- and clarithromycin-based triple therapies are not suitable as first-line treatment in Karnataka. Both amoxicillin and tetracycline can still be used to eradicateH. pylori infection in this region. We also revealed novel mutations in GyrA protein that possibly contribute toH. pylori resistance in levofloxacin, which merit further investigations. (Source: Gut Pathogens)
Source: Gut Pathogens - May 13, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Compositional and functional differences in human gut microbiome with respect to equol production and its association with blood lipid level: a cross-sectional study
ConclusionBoth content and functioning of the microbial gut community significantly differed between equol producers and non-producers. Further, equol producers showed lower prevalences of dyslipidemia, which suggests the important role that equol might play in lipid metabolism by gut microbiota. (Source: Gut Pathogens)
Source: Gut Pathogens - May 10, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Determination of azithromycin heteroresistant Campylobacter jejuni in traveler ’s diarrhea
AbstractCampylobacter is the most common cause of traveler ’s diarrhea (TD) and human bacterial gastroenteritis. A heteroresistantCampylobacter jejuni (C. jejuni) isolate, identified by microbiological methods and characterized with molecular techniques, was obtained from a traveler in Nepal suffering TD. The presence of atypical colonies within the clear zone of inhibition was the first evidence of an atypical phenotype, leading to additional characterization of this heteroresistant strain. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) and population analysis profiling (PAP) demonstrated heteroresistance to azithromyci...
Source: Gut Pathogens - May 6, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Gut microbiome associated with chemotherapy-induced diarrhea from the CapeOX regimen as adjuvant chemotherapy in resected stage III colorectal cancer
ConclusionsThe gut microbial community structure and diversity have changed in CRC patients with CID. It may provide novel insights into the prevention and treatment of CID. (Source: Gut Pathogens)
Source: Gut Pathogens - April 30, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Complete genome sequence of bile-isolated Enterococcus avium strain 352
ConclusionsThis study demonstrates the presence of various virulence factors of theE. avium strain 352, which has the potential to cause infections. Moreover, the genes involved in bile adaption might contribute to its ability to live in bile. Further comparative genomic studies would help to elucidate the evolution of pathogenesis ofE. avium. (Source: Gut Pathogens)
Source: Gut Pathogens - April 24, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Pancreatic disease patients are at higher risk for Clostridium difficile infection compared to those with other co-morbidities
AbstractBackgroundSurveillance ofClostridium difficile infection (CDI) in patients with underlying diseases is important because use of prophylactic antibiotics makes them prone to CDI. Epidemiology of CDI in this high-risk population is poorly understood. A study was conducted to evaluate the impact of CDI in patients with specific underlying co-morbidities.MethodA total of 2036 patients, whose fecal samples were processed forC. difficile toxin A and B assay by ELISA formed the basis of study. Patients with underlying diseases were classified based on the organ/kind of disease as pancreatic (n  =  340), rena...
Source: Gut Pathogens - April 23, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Two putative MmpL homologs contribute to antimicrobial resistance and nephropathy of enterohemorrhagic E. coli O157:H7
ConclusionThe previously unannotated gene product, Z4861, and its more conserved homolog, YegN, contribute to the kidney damage and resistance ofE. coli O157:H7. (Source: Gut Pathogens)
Source: Gut Pathogens - April 18, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Quantification of serine protease HtrA molecules secreted by the foodborne pathogen Campylobacter jejuni
ConclusionWe determined the number of HtrA molecules secreted by singleC. jejuni cells over time. The results suggest that HtrA secretion is regulated in a time-dependent fashion, leading to increasing accumulative HtrA concentrations in the extracellular medium. (Source: Gut Pathogens)
Source: Gut Pathogens - April 12, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Diagnosing and tracing the pathogens of infantile infectious diarrhea by amplicon sequencing
ConclusionsThe method of using high-throughput DNA sequencing and a comprehensive and deep data analysis can be a new strategy to detect and trace pathogens in infantile infectious diarrhea.Trial registration Diagnosing and tracing the pathogens of infantile infectious diarrhea by amplicon sequencing, ChiCTR-DDD-1701088, Registered 16 March 2017-Retrospectively registered,http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=18477 (Source: Gut Pathogens)
Source: Gut Pathogens - April 6, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

NMR metabolomics reveals effects of Cryptosporidium infections on host cell metabolome
ConclusionThis approach will spearhead our understanding of theCryptosporidium-host metabolic exchange and provide novel targets for tackling this deadly parasite. (Source: Gut Pathogens)
Source: Gut Pathogens - April 3, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Rapid identification of capsular serotype K1/K2 Klebsiella pneumoniae in pus samples from liver abscess patients and positive blood culture samples from bacteremia cases via an immunochromatographic strip assay
AbstractBackgroundIn Asia, serotype K1/K2Klebsiella pneumoniae are the major capsular serotypes that cause liver abscess or bacteremia in patients. The purpose of this study was to compare novel immunochromatographic strips (ICSs), which can rapidly detectK. pneumoniae serotypes K1/K2 in clinical samples, to conventional capsular serotyping methods.MethodsPus drainage samples from 16 patients with a liver abscess caused byK. pneumoniae, blood samples from 112 positive flagged blood culture bottle and a subsequent single colony in the medium were tested with the ICS. The results were then compared to findings of capsular sw...
Source: Gut Pathogens - February 22, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Virulence factors, prevalence and potential transmission of extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli isolated from different sources: recent reports
AbstractExtraintestinal pathogenicE.coli (ExPEC) are facultative pathogens that are part of the normal human intestinal flora. The ExPEC group includes uropathogenicE. coli (UPEC), neonatal meningitisE. coli (NMEC), sepsis-associatedE. coli (SEPEC), and avian pathogenicE. coli (APEC). Virulence factors (VF) related to the pathogenicity of ExPEC are numerous and have a wide range of activities, from those related to bacteria colonization to those related to virulence, including adhesins, toxins, iron acquisition factors, lipopolysaccharides, polysaccharide capsules, and invasins, which are usually encoded on pathogenicity i...
Source: Gut Pathogens - February 21, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Comparative genomic analysis of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli O159 strains isolated from diarrheal patients in Korea
ConclusionsSerotype of NCCP15731 and NCCP15733, representing major types of ETEC in Korea, was O159:H34 and their MLST type was ST218. Comparison with other O159 strains revealed that NCCP15731 was specialized for transporter system and secretion system whereas NCCP15733 had unique genes related to capsular polysaccharide. Compared with E159, the most recent common ancestor, these two strains had different toxin type and virulence factors. These results will improve our understanding of ETEC O159 strains to prevent ETEC disease. (Source: Gut Pathogens)
Source: Gut Pathogens - February 21, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

1,25(OH) 2 D 3 deficiency-induced gut microbial dysbiosis degrades the colonic mucus barrier in Cyp27b1 knockout mouse model
ConclusionDeficiency in 1,25(OH)2D3 impairs the composition of gut microbiota leading to disruption of intestinal epithelial barrier homeostasis and induction of colonic inflammation. This study highlights the association between 1,25(OH)2D3 status, the gut microbiota and the colonic mucus barrier that is regarded as a primary defense against enteric pathogens. (Source: Gut Pathogens)
Source: Gut Pathogens - February 20, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

The complete genome and methylome of Helicobacter pylori hpNEAfrica strain HP14039
ConclusionsWe have described the complete genome ofH. pylori strain HP14039. The information regarding phylo-geography, methylome and associated metadata would help scientific community to study more about hpNEAfrica population type. (Source: Gut Pathogens)
Source: Gut Pathogens - February 20, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

The influence of probiotic bacteria and human gut microorganisms causing opportunistic infections on Blastocystis ST3
ConclusionsThis study has shown the potential of usingL. rhamnosus andL. lactis, as well asE. faecium as a prophylactic treatment againstBlastocystis colonization or as an additional treatment regimen in combination with standard drugs. (Source: Gut Pathogens)
Source: Gut Pathogens - February 14, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Campylobacter jejuni enters gut epithelial cells and impairs intestinal barrier function through cleavage of occludin by serine protease HtrA
In conclusion, HtrA functions as a secreted protease targeting the tight junctions, which enables the bacteria by cleaving occludin and subcellular redistribution of other tight junction proteins to transmigrate using a paracellular mechanism and subsequently invade epithelial cells. (Source: Gut Pathogens)
Source: Gut Pathogens - February 13, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

CagL polymorphisms D58/K59 are predominant in Helicobacter pylori strains isolated from Mexican patients with chronic gastritis
ConclusionsIn Mexican patients, CagL polymorphisms D58, K59, M60, E62, K122, and I134 are more common in patients with chronic gastritis. (Source: Gut Pathogens)
Source: Gut Pathogens - February 13, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

High contiguity genome sequence of a multidrug-resistant hospital isolate of Enterobacter hormaechei
ConclusionThis study provides important insights into the evolution and potential spread of antimicrobial resistance in a nosocomialE. hormaechei strain. More broadly, it further exemplifies the power of long-read sequencing technologies, particularly the Oxford Nanopore platform, for the characterisation of bacteria with complex resistance loci and large repeat elements. (Source: Gut Pathogens)
Source: Gut Pathogens - February 13, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Prevalence and molecular determinants of colistin resistance among commensal Enterobacteriaceae isolated from poultry in northwest of Iran
ConclusionIt is concluded from our results that colistin resistance in the studied avianK. pneumoniae isolates was mostly linked to alterations identified within themgrB gene. (Source: Gut Pathogens)
Source: Gut Pathogens - January 31, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Alteration in gut microbiota associated with hepatitis B and non-hepatitis virus related hepatocellular carcinoma
ConclusionsOur study indicated that B-HCC and NBNC-HCC patients showed differential abundance of bacteria involved in different functions or biological pathways. We suggested the modification of specific gut microbiota may provide the therapeutic benefit for B-HCC and NBNC-HCC. (Source: Gut Pathogens)
Source: Gut Pathogens - January 18, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Genome divergence and increased virulence of outbreak associated Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica serovar Heidelberg
In this study, we compared the genomes of outbreak associated non-outbreak causingSalmonella ser.Heidelberg strains from diverse hosts and geographical regions. Human outbreak associated strains in this study were from a 2015 multistate outbreak ofSalmonella ser.Heidelberg involving 15 states in the United States which originated from bull calves. Our clinicopathologic examination revealed that cases involvingSalmonella ser.Heidelberg strains were predominantly young, less than weeks-old, dairy calves. Pre-existing or concurrent disease was found in the majority of the calves. Detection ofSalmonella ser.Heidelberg correlat...
Source: Gut Pathogens - December 24, 2018 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Antibiotic resistance, the 3As and the road ahead
AbstractAntibiotic resistance is by far one of the most important health threats of our time. Only a global concerted effort of several disciplines based on the One-Health concept will help in slowing down this process and potentially mitigate the ruin of healthcare we have come to enjoy. In this review, we attempt to summarize the most basic and important topics that serve as good information tools to createAwareness. TheAvailability of antibiotics or the lack thereof is another significant factor that must be given thought, and finally because antibiotic resistance is a problem that will not go away, it is important to h...
Source: Gut Pathogens - December 22, 2018 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Development of multiplex PCR and multi-color fluorescent in situ hybridization ( m -FISH) coupled protocol for detection and imaging of multi-pathogens involved in inflammatory bowel disease
ConclusionWe developed a 4-h multiplex PCR protocol, which was validated bym-FISH images, capable of detecting up to four genes from major pathogens associated with CD. The new protocol should serve as an excellent tool to support efforts to study multi-pathogens involved in CD and other autoimmune disease. (Source: Gut Pathogens)
Source: Gut Pathogens - December 5, 2018 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

A decrease in anaerobic bacteria promotes Candida glabrata overgrowth while β-glucan treatment restores the gut microbiota and attenuates colitis
ConclusionsThis study shows that the colonic inflammation alters the microbial balance, while β-glucan treatment increases the anaerobic bacteria and promotes colitis attenuation andC. glabrata elimination. (Source: Gut Pathogens)
Source: Gut Pathogens - December 3, 2018 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Microbiota profile in new-onset pediatric Crohn ’s disease: data from a non-Western population
ConclusionIn this developing country, we found a pattern of microbiota in children with CD similar to Western literature, suggesting a role of recent dietary lifestyle changes in this population on microbiota structure. (Source: Gut Pathogens)
Source: Gut Pathogens - November 29, 2018 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Characterization and CRISPR-based genotyping of clinical trh -positive Vibrio parahaemolyticus
ConclusionThetdh andtrh genes were not involved in urease production in thetrh+V. parahaemolyticus, and variation  of haemolytic activity detected inV. parahaemolyticus carrying only thetrh gene might be correlated to the sequence  variation withintrh1 andtrh2 genes. Additionally, biofilm production ofV. parahaemolyticus was not associated with harboring of virulence genes. For genotyping, CRISPR sequences combined with virulence genes can be used as genetic markers to differentiatetrh+V. parahaemolyticus strains. (Source: Gut Pathogens)
Source: Gut Pathogens - November 13, 2018 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Genome sequence of Shigella sonnei 4303
ConclusionAnalysis of the lipopolysaccharide biosynthetic genes helped us to get more insight into the pathogenicity and virulence of the bacteria. The genome revealed high similarities withS. sonnei 53G, which can be used as a standard in characterizing theS. sonnei 4303 ’sR-type isogenic derivatives. (Source: Gut Pathogens)
Source: Gut Pathogens - October 24, 2018 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Proliferation of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli strain TW11681 in stools of experimentally infected human volunteers
ConclusionsSince the lack of proliferation peaks appears to be associated with fewer clinical symptoms and lower serum antibody responses to virulence factors of the infecting strain, it may be important to account for proliferation peaks when explaining results from controlled human infection model studies and for improving the accuracy of protective efficacy estimates when testing new ETEC diarrhea vaccine candidates. (Source: Gut Pathogens)
Source: Gut Pathogens - October 16, 2018 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Purification of Cyclospora cayetanensis oocysts obtained from human stool specimens for whole genome sequencing
ConclusionsDensity gradients performed in the presence of a detergent followed by flow cytometry sorting of oocysts yielded sufficient genomic DNA largely free from contamination and suitable for whole genome sequencing ofC. cayetanensis. The methods described here will facilitate the accumulation of genomic sequences from various samples, which is a prerequisite for the development of typing tools to aid in outbreak investigations. (Source: Gut Pathogens)
Source: Gut Pathogens - October 12, 2018 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

The microbiome of Crohn ’s disease aphthous ulcers
ConclusionsIn contrast to well-documented changes seen in late-stage Crohn ’s disease, microbial communities of aphthous ulcers do not display evidence of bacterial imbalance or reduced diversity. Our data suggest that dysbiosis occurs during active disease, and improves when patients are in remission. (Source: Gut Pathogens)
Source: Gut Pathogens - October 10, 2018 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Determination of virulence and fitness genes associated with the pheU , pheV and selC integration sites of LEE-negative food-borne Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli strains
ConclusionThe data presented highlight the important role of the three tRNAsselC,pheU, andpheV for the genomic flexibility ofE. coli. (Source: Gut Pathogens)
Source: Gut Pathogens - October 8, 2018 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

The prevalence of Campylobacter spp. in vegetables, fruits, and fresh produce: a systematic review and meta-analysis
This study is a meta-analysis on the prevalence ofCampylobacter in fresh vegetables and fruits without any location limitation, which was performed through a documented review of the available resources. Relevant literature was reviewed by trained reviewers, who examined the results for the inclusion of articles in the meta-analysis. The prevalence ofCampylobacter in raw vegetables, the sample source, theCampylobacter species, and the method of detection were extracted. The prevalence ofCampylobacter in vegetables, fruits, and fresh produce were estimated to be 0.53%. Analysis of the various sample groups initially showed ...
Source: Gut Pathogens - September 27, 2018 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Complete genome sequence of Kocuria rhizophila BT304, isolated from the small intestine of castrated beef cattle
ConclusionThe relatively small number of virulence-related genes and the great potential in production of host available nutrients suggest potential application of the BT304 strain as a probiotic in breeding beef cattle. (Source: Gut Pathogens)
Source: Gut Pathogens - September 27, 2018 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

The prevalence of Campylobacter spp. in vegetables, fruits, and fresh produce: a systematic review and meta-analysis
This study is a meta-analysis on the prevalence ofCampylobacter in fresh vegetables and fruits without any location limitation, which was performed through a documented review of the available resources. Relevant literature was reviewed by trained reviewers, who examined the results for the inclusion of articles in the meta-analysis. The prevalence ofCampylobacter in raw vegetables, the sample source, theCampylobacter species, and the method of detection were extracted. The prevalence ofCampylobacter in vegetables, fruits, and fresh produce were estimated to be 0.53%. Analysis of the various sample groups initially showed ...
Source: Gut Pathogens - September 27, 2018 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Complete genome sequence of Kocuria rhizophila BT304, isolated from the small intestine of castrated beef cattle
ConclusionThe relatively small number of virulence-related genes and the great potential in production of host available nutrients suggest potential application of the BT304 strain as a probiotic in breeding beef cattle. (Source: Gut Pathogens)
Source: Gut Pathogens - September 27, 2018 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Characterization of Salmonella enterica serovars recovered from meat products legally and illegally imported into the EU reveals the presence of multiresistant and AmpC-producing isolates
ConclusionThe results of this study demonstrate that meat products imported from third countries, both legally and illegally, can harbor multiresistantSalmonella enterica. Consequently, these imports could constitute a source for the dissemination of antimicrobial resistant isolates, including those resistant to third-generation cephalosporins and fluoroquinolones. (Source: Gut Pathogens)
Source: Gut Pathogens - September 22, 2018 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research