Cardiovascular Health in a National Sample of Venezuelan Subjects Assessed According to the AHA Score: The EVESCAM
This study sought to determine the prevalence of CHS categories in a nationally representative sample of Venezuelan adults.MethodsEVESCAM (Venezuelan Study of Cardio-Metabolic Health) was a national population-based, cross-sectional, randomized cluster sampling study performed from July 1, 2014 to January 31, 2017, which assessed 3,454 adults, age ≥20 years, with a response rate of 77.3%. The American Heart Association's CHS evaluates 4 behaviors (smoking, body mass index, physical activity, and diet) and 3 risk factors (total cholesterol, blood pressure, and blood glucose), assigning 1 point to those meting an ideal be...
Source: Global Heart - July 20, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

The Evidence for a Population Screening Program for Rheumatic Heart Disease in India
Publication date: Available online 17 July 2019Source: Global HeartAuthor(s): Jessica Ying-Yi Xie, Matthew R. Solomons, Mahmood Ahmad (Source: Global Heart)
Source: Global Heart - July 18, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

The Kathmandu Declaration on Global CVD/Hypertension Research and Implementation Science: A Framework to Advance Implementation Research for Cardiovascular and Other Noncommunicable Diseases in Low- and Middle-Income Countries
Publication date: June 2019Source: Global Heart, Volume 14, Issue 2Author(s): Angela Aifah, Juliet Iwelunmor, Constantine Akwanalo, Jeroan Allison, Alemayehu Amberbir, Kwaku P. Asante, Ana Baumann, Angela Brown, Mark Butler, Milena Dalton, Victor Davila-Roman, Annette L. Fitzpatrick, Meredith Fort, Robert Goldberg, Austrida Gondwe, Duc Ha, Jiang He, Mina Hosseinipour, Vilma Irazola, Jemima Kamano (Source: Global Heart)
Source: Global Heart - July 17, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Stakeholder Engagement in Late-Stage Translation Research and Implementation Science: Perspectives From the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
Publication date: June 2019Source: Global Heart, Volume 14, Issue 2Author(s): George A. Mensah, Jennifer S. Curry, Michael M. Engelgau, Lenora E. JohnsonAbstractStakeholder engagement is crucial for turning discovery into health. Although it is a highly effective approach for research in general, it is an essential component in late-stage translation research and implementation science in which the central objective is to accelerate the sustained uptake and integration of proven-effective interventions into routine clinical and public health practice. Where the stakeholder is an entire community, the term community engagem...
Source: Global Heart - July 17, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Table of Contents
Publication date: June 2019Source: Global Heart, Volume 14, Issue 2Author(s): (Source: Global Heart)
Source: Global Heart - July 17, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

General Information
Publication date: June 2019Source: Global Heart, Volume 14, Issue 2Author(s): (Source: Global Heart)
Source: Global Heart - July 17, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Assessing Stakeholder Engagement for Translation Research and Implementation Science in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: Lessons From Ghana, Guatemala, India, Kenya, Malawi, Nepal, Rwanda, and Vietnam
Publication date: June 2019Source: Global Heart, Volume 14, Issue 2Author(s): Emmanuel Peprah, Juliet Iwelunmor, LeShawndra Price (Source: Global Heart)
Source: Global Heart - July 17, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Stakeholder Engagement in Planning the Design of a National Needs Assessment for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention and Management in Nepal
ConclusionsThe stakeholder engagement process positively affected the design of our research. This study provides important insights for future researchers that aim to engage stakeholders in national-level assessment programs in the health care system in the context of Nepal. (Source: Global Heart)
Source: Global Heart - July 17, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Systematic Review of Hypertension and Diabetes Burden, Risk Factors, and Interventions for Prevention and Control in Malawi: The NCD BRITE Consortium
Publication date: June 2019Source: Global Heart, Volume 14, Issue 2Author(s): Alemayehu Amberbir, Sabrina H. Lin, Joshua Berman, Adamson Muula, Darren Jacoby, Emily Wroe, Cecilia Maliwichi-Nyirenda, Victor Mwapasa, Amelia Crampin, Martha Makwero, Emmanuel Singogo, Sam Phiri, Stephen Gordon, Sheldon W. Tobe, Jones Masiye, Brad Newsome, Mina Hosseinipour, Moffat J. Nyirenda, Joep J. van OosterhoutAbstractRecent studies have found an increasing burden of noncommunicable diseases in sub-Saharan Africa. A compressive search of PubMed, Medline, EMBASE, and the World Health Organization Global Health Library databases was underta...
Source: Global Heart - July 17, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Adopting Task-Shifting Strategies for Hypertension Control in Ghana: Insights From a Realist Synthesis of Stakeholder Perceptions
ConclusionsThrough the application of a realist synthesis of stakeholder perceptions, the study identified factors likely to enhance the adoption of an evidence-based strategy for hypertension control in Ghana. The lessons learned will help shape the translation of evidence in real-world settings, and could be valuable in future planning to enhance the adoption of evidence-based strategies for hypertension control in LMICs. (Source: Global Heart)
Source: Global Heart - July 17, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Capacity and Readiness for Implementing Evidence-Based Task-Strengthening Strategies for Hypertension Control in Ghana: A Cross-Sectional Study
ConclusionsThe majority of CHOs in this study were aware of lifestyle modifications such as diet modifications and increase in physical activity. However, their knowledge was limited in the blood pressure threshold for initiating treatment and in the knowledge of first-line hypertension medication, irrespective of the number of years practiced. Training on hypertension is also low. However, CHOs are motivated to control hypertension at the community level. Community-level interventions such as TASSH can leverage on their motivation to demonstrate an impact on hypertension control. (Source: Global Heart)
Source: Global Heart - July 17, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Dissemination and Implementation Program in Hypertension in Rwanda: Report on Initial Training and Evaluation
Publication date: June 2019Source: Global Heart, Volume 14, Issue 2Author(s): Ana A. Baumann, Vincent Mutabazi, Angela L. Brown, Cole Hooley, Dominic Reeds, Cecile Ingabire, Vedaste Ndahindwa, Aurore Nishimwe, W. Todd Cade, Lisa de las Fuentes, Enola K. Proctor, Stephen Karengera, Kenneth B. Schecthman, Charles W. Goss, Kevin Yarasheski, Brad Newsome, Eugene Mutimura, Victor G. Davila-RomanAbstractBackgroundCardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide and in low- and middle-income countries, and hypertension (HTN) is a major risk factor for CVD. Although effective evidence-based in...
Source: Global Heart - July 17, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Stakeholder Engagement in Late-Stage Translation Phase 4 Research for Noncommunicable Diseases in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: What Works and Why—The Vietnam Experience (UMMS–Vietnam Team)
ConclusionsMultiple layers of stakeholders and communities in Vietnam are fully engaged with, and have contributed significantly to, our ongoing hypertension control research project in Northern Vietnam. (Source: Global Heart)
Source: Global Heart - July 17, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

The Malawi NCD BRITE Consortium: Building Research Capacity, Implementation, and Translation Expertise for Noncommunicable Diseases
Publication date: June 2019Source: Global Heart, Volume 14, Issue 2Author(s): Joep J. van Oosterhout, Mina Hosseinipour, Adamson S. Muula, Alemayehu Amberbir, Emily Wroe, Josh Berman, Cecilia Maliwichi-Nyirenda, Victor Mwapasa, Amelia Crampin, Martha Makwero, Emmanuel Singogo, Satish Gopal, Ulrika Baker, Samuel Phiri, Stephen B. Gordon, Sheldon Tobe, Jonathan Chiwanda, Jones Masiye, John Parks, Collins MitamboAbstractAfrica is experiencing an increasing prevalence of noncommunicable diseases (NCD). However, few reliable data are available on their true burden, main risk factors, and economic impact that are needed to infor...
Source: Global Heart - July 17, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Stakeholder Engagement in the Translation of a Hypertension Control Program to Guatemala's Public Primary Health Care System: Lessons Learned, Challenges, and Opportunities
ConclusionsWe identified lessons learned, challenges, and opportunities during the adaptation process. Findings will inform ongoing stakeholder engagement during the study implementation and future scale-up and efforts to translate evidence-based hypertension control strategies to low- and middle-income countries globally. (Source: Global Heart)
Source: Global Heart - July 17, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Strategies for Stakeholder Engagement and Uptake of New Intervention: Experience From State-Wide Implementation of mHealth Technology for NCD Care in Tripura, India
ConclusionsMultiple strategies, based on implementation principles, are required for successful scaling up of research-based interventions. (Source: Global Heart)
Source: Global Heart - July 17, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Strategies for Effective Stakeholder Engagement in Strengthening Referral Networks for Management of Hypertension Across Health Systems in Kenya
ConclusionsEarly stakeholder identification and engagement using the International Association of Public Participation model eased explanation of research objectives, building consensus, and shaping the interventions to improve the referral process. (Source: Global Heart)
Source: Global Heart - July 17, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

WHF Staff and Board Members
Publication date: June 2019Source: Global Heart, Volume 14, Issue 2Author(s): (Source: Global Heart)
Source: Global Heart - July 17, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Distribution of Cardiovascular Health by Individual- and Neighborhood-Level Socioeconomic Status: Findings From the Jackson Heart Study
Publication date: Available online 10 June 2019Source: Global HeartAuthor(s): Randi E. Foraker, Christopher Bush, Melissa A. Greiner, Mario Sims, Kamal Henderson, Sakima Smith, Aurelian Bidulescu, Abigail B. Shoben, N. Chantelle Hardy, Emily O'BrienAbstractBackgroundData demonstrate a positive relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and cardiovascular health (CVH).ObjectiveTo assess the association between individual- and neighborhood-level SES and CVH among participants of the JHS (Jackson Heart Study), a community-based cohort of African Americans in Jackson, Mississippi.MethodsWe included all JHS participants wi...
Source: Global Heart - June 11, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Beyond Sharing and Shifting: Raising the Bar for Global Rheumatic Heart Disease Control
Publication date: Available online 18 May 2019Source: Global HeartAuthor(s): Scott S. Lee, Rajesh Vedanthan (Source: Global Heart)
Source: Global Heart - May 20, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

The Neglected Component of Cardiovascular Care: Dispelling the Myths
Publication date: Available online 18 May 2019Source: Global HeartAuthor(s): Dominique Vervoort (Source: Global Heart)
Source: Global Heart - May 20, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Atrial Fibrillation in Africa—An Underreported and Unrecognized Risk Factor for Stroke: A Systematic Review
Publication date: Available online 15 May 2019Source: Global HeartAuthor(s): Maartje S. Jacobs, Marinus van Hulst, Abiodun M. Adeoye, Robert G. Tieleman, Maarten J. Postma, Mayowa O. OwolabiAbstractOver three-quarters of deaths from cardiovascular disease and diabetes occur in low- and middle-income countries, which include many African countries. Global studies showed that the prevalence of the cardiac arrhythmia atrial fibrillation (AF) appeared to be lower in Africa. A systematic search of PubMed and African Journals Online was conducted to determine the prevalence of AF and associated stroke risk factors in Africa and ...
Source: Global Heart - May 16, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Task Sharing in the Diagnosis, Prevention, and Management of Rheumatic Heart Disease: A Systematic Review
ConclusionsThere is a lack of evidence for the use of task-sharing approaches in scaling up RHD prevention and treatment services in limited-resource settings. Considering the persistent burden of group A streptococcus, acute rheumatic fever, and RHD in low- and middle-income countries, this work highlights the urgent need to develop and test models of RHD-related care utilizing an evidence-based approach to task sharing. [Task Sharing in the Diagnosis, Prevention, and Management of Rheumatic Heart Disease: A Systematic Review; CRD42017072989]. (Source: Global Heart)
Source: Global Heart - May 16, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

The Impact of Aversive Advice During Percutaneous Coronary Intervention on Smoking Cessation in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome
ConclusionsAversive advice during a PCI procedure is effective at smoking cessation in patients with ACS. A physician's attention and involvement during the PCI procedure improves the rate of smoking cessation in patients with ACS. (Source: Global Heart)
Source: Global Heart - May 16, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Table of Contents
Publication date: March 2019Source: Global Heart, Volume 14, Issue 1Author(s): (Source: Global Heart)
Source: Global Heart - April 27, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Global Heart: The Prime Journal for Global Cardiovascular Research Findings, Implementation and Interpretation
Publication date: March 2019Source: Global Heart, Volume 14, Issue 1Author(s): Diederick E. Grobbee (Source: Global Heart)
Source: Global Heart - April 27, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Clinical Impact of the Polypill for Cardiovascular Prevention in Latin America: A Consensus Statement of the Inter-American Society of Cardiology
Publication date: March 2019Source: Global Heart, Volume 14, Issue 1Author(s): Álvaro Sosa-Liprandi, María Inés Sosa Liprandi, Erick Alexánderson, Álvaro Avezum, Fernando Lanas, José Patricio López-Jaramillo, Felipe Martínez, Carlos I. Ponte-Negretti N, Fernando Wyss, José Ramón González Juanatey, Pablo PerelAbstractThe burden of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) is increasing, particularly in low-middle-income countries such as most of Latin America. This region presents specific socioeconomic characteristics, generating a high incidence of CVD despi...
Source: Global Heart - April 27, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Interventions to Reduce Personal Exposures to Air Pollution: A Primer for Health Care Providers
Publication date: March 2019Source: Global Heart, Volume 14, Issue 1Author(s): Robert L. Bard, M. Khalid Ijaz, Junfeng (Jim) Zhang, Yuguo Li, Chunxue Bai, Yongbin Yang, Wilfredo D. Garcia, John Creek, Robert D. Brook (Source: Global Heart)
Source: Global Heart - April 27, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Healthy Heart Africa–Kenya: A 12-Month Prospective Evaluation of Program Impact on Health Care Providers' Knowledge and Treatment of Hypertension
ConclusionsHCP-directed hypertension education and provision of basic resources positively influenced hypertension care in Kenya in the first 12 months of implementation. (Source: Global Heart)
Source: Global Heart - April 27, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Tackling High Blood Pressure in Kenya and Other Low- and Middle-Income Countries: Why Now and What Can We Do?
Publication date: March 2019Source: Global Heart, Volume 14, Issue 1Author(s): Michael M. Engelgau (Source: Global Heart)
Source: Global Heart - April 27, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Predictive Analytics: Helping Guide the Implementation Research Agenda at the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
Publication date: March 2019Source: Global Heart, Volume 14, Issue 1Author(s): Michael M. Engelgau, Muin J. Khoury, Rebecca A. Roper, Jennifer S. Curry, George A. Mensah (Source: Global Heart)
Source: Global Heart - April 27, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Cardiovascular Disease Prognostic Models in Latin America and the Caribbean: A Systematic Review
ConclusionsNo cardiovascular prognostic models have been developed in LAC, hampering key evidence to inform public health and clinical practice. Validation studies need to improve methodological issues. (Source: Global Heart)
Source: Global Heart - April 27, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Can Interventions on Socioeconomic Status Improve Cardiovascular Health? Role for American Heart Association's Life Simple 7
Publication date: Available online 12 April 2019Source: Global HeartAuthor(s): Nathan D. Wong (Source: Global Heart)
Source: Global Heart - April 14, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Clinical Presentation, Risk Factor, and Outcomes of Acute Coronary Syndrome in Women at an Urban Referral Center in Dakar, Senegal
ConclusionsOur study confirms that ACS is not a “man's only” disease in Sub-Saharan countries. The major concern is that there appeared to be continuing evidence of suboptimal treatment and intervention in women with ACS in current practice. (Source: Global Heart)
Source: Global Heart - March 22, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Nursing Home Admission and Initiation of Domiciliary Care Following Infective Endocarditis
ConclusionsPatients who survived IE had an 8× higher incidence of nursing home admission and a 4× higher incidence of initiation of domiciliary care than their counterparts from the matched population. (Source: Global Heart)
Source: Global Heart - March 22, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

The Young Myocardial Infarction Study of the Western Indians: YOUTH Registry
Publication date: Available online 4 February 2019Source: Global HeartAuthor(s): Anand N. Shukla, Ashwal A. Jayaram, Dhaval Doshi, Priyanka Patel, Komal Shah, Alok Shinde, Harsh Ghoniya, Karthik Natarajan, Tarun BansalAbstractBackgroundMyocardial infarction is among the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in young adults around the world.ObjectivesIn the YOUTH (Young Myocardial Infarction Study of the Western Indians) registry, we aimed to evaluate risk factor profile and angiographic outcomes of reperfusion therapies of infarct-related artery in young western Indians (≤40 years) having ST-segment elevation myocar...
Source: Global Heart - February 5, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Correction
Publication date: Available online 3 January 2019Source: Global HeartAuthor(s): (Source: Global Heart)
Source: Global Heart - January 3, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Population Prevalence and Correlates of Prolonged QT Interval: Cross-Sectional, Population-Based Study From Rural Uganda
Publication date: Available online 21 December 2018Source: Global HeartAuthor(s): Itai M. Magodoro, Alfred J. Albano, Rahul Muthalaly, Bruce Koplan, Crystal M. North, Dagmar Vořechovská, Jordan Downey, John Kraemer, Martino Vaglio, Fabio Badilini, Bernard Kakuhire, Alexander C. Tsai, Mark J. SiednerAbstractObjectivesWe aimed to estimate the prevalence and correlates of QT interval prolongation in rural Uganda.BackgroundMajor electrocardiographic abnormalities, including prolonged QT interval, have been shown to be independently predictive of adverse cardiovascular events among Western populations. Cardiovascular di...
Source: Global Heart - December 23, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Impacting Global Health Delivery Through Advocacy: The Case of Losartan
Publication date: Available online 21 December 2018Source: Global HeartAuthor(s): David J. Heller, Sandeep P. KishoreAbstract▪▪▪. (Source: Global Heart)
Source: Global Heart - December 23, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

PO532 Analysis on Changes In the Differential Leukocyte Count After Smoking Cessation
Publication date: December 2018Source: Global Heart, Volume 13, Issue 4Author(s): S. Shimada, M. Komiyama, Y. Ozaki, H. Wada, H. Yamakage, Y. Sunagawa, T. Morimoto, Y. Takahashi, K. Hasegawa (Source: Global Heart)
Source: Global Heart - October 29, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

PO533 Analysis of Gender Differences In Smokers Regarding the Relationship Between Depressive Tendency and Nicotine Dependency
Publication date: December 2018Source: Global Heart, Volume 13, Issue 4Author(s): S. Shimada, M. Komiyama, H. Wada, H. Yamakage, Y. Ozaki, T. Morimoto, A. Shimatsu, Y. Takahashi, K. Hasegawa (Source: Global Heart)
Source: Global Heart - October 29, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

PO534 Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Therapeutic Hypothermia In Critical Patient After Cardiac Arrest: Estimate of Lifetime Horizon Follow-Up
Publication date: December 2018Source: Global Heart, Volume 13, Issue 4Author(s): L.A.P. Dallan, N.S. Giannetti, T.F. Polastri, E.E. Ribeiro da Silva, R. Kalil Filho, P.A. Lemos Neto, A. Baruzzi, G.S. Silva, R.A. Fernandes, M. Cavalcanti, S. Timerman (Source: Global Heart)
Source: Global Heart - October 29, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

PO539 Hypertension Treatment Barriers In Nepal
Publication date: December 2018Source: Global Heart, Volume 13, Issue 4Author(s): S.R. Mishra, A. Sharma, I.P. Poudyal, S. Chapagain, S. Pokharel, N. Devkota, M. Gyawali, M. Malla, S. Sapkota, D. Neupane (Source: Global Heart)
Source: Global Heart - October 29, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

PO540 Depression, Social Support, Quality of Life, and Medication Adherence In Patients With Stable Coronary Disease
Publication date: December 2018Source: Global Heart, Volume 13, Issue 4Author(s): S.V. Waldman, S. Miriuka, C. Higa (Source: Global Heart)
Source: Global Heart - October 29, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

PO541 Cardiovascular Effects of Commercial Flights
Publication date: December 2018Source: Global Heart, Volume 13, Issue 4Author(s): S.V. Waldman, M. Abello, H. Cohen Arazi, N. Casso (Source: Global Heart)
Source: Global Heart - October 29, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

PO542 Healthy Lifestyle Intervention Improve Cardiovascular Risk Among Postmenopausal Women After Discontinuing Hormone Therapy
Publication date: December 2018Source: Global Heart, Volume 13, Issue 4Author(s): S. Tanwar, N. Sen, A. Jain (Source: Global Heart)
Source: Global Heart - October 29, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

PO543 Urbanization of Indian Women and Cardiovascular Risk Scenario
Publication date: December 2018Source: Global Heart, Volume 13, Issue 4Author(s): S. Tanwar, A. Jain, R.K. Gokhroo, N. Sen (Source: Global Heart)
Source: Global Heart - October 29, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

PO544 Development of a Bank of Text Messages Targeting Healthy Eating, Physical Activity, and Social Wellbeing In Adolescents At Risk of Obesity
Publication date: December 2018Source: Global Heart, Volume 13, Issue 4Author(s): S. Partridge, A. Singleton, P. Cohen, M. Allman-Farinelli, S. Mihrshahi, J. Chau, A. Bauman, P. Phongsavan, J. Redfern (Source: Global Heart)
Source: Global Heart - October 29, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

PO545 Pilot Testing the RHD Action Needs Assessment Tool In a Live Environment
Publication date: December 2018Source: Global Heart, Volume 13, Issue 4Author(s): S.R. Perkins, C.T. Longenecker, L. Zuhlke, A. Beaton, E. Okello, I. Natuhurira, F. Charles, A. Dewyer, D. Watkins, A. Webel (Source: Global Heart)
Source: Global Heart - October 29, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

PO546 Delving Deeper Into Familial Hypercholesterolemia: The Romanian Experience
Publication date: December 2018Source: Global Heart, Volume 13, Issue 4Author(s): S.L. Mosteoru, A. Dumitrescu, L. Gaita, D. Gaita (Source: Global Heart)
Source: Global Heart - October 29, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research