Determination of aflatoxin levels in bokina beverage
CONCLUSION: Bokina samples tested were contaminated with aflatoxin. All doses of aflatoxin have a cumulative effect on the risk of cancer. Therefore, farmers and bokina producers must be educated on good storage practices and monitored to protect the public from aflatoxin exposure and toxicity.FUNDING: The study was self-funded.PMID:35957926 | PMC:PMC9334962 | DOI:10.4314/gmj.v55i4.10 (Source: Ghana Medical Journal)
Source: Ghana Medical Journal - August 12, 2022 Category: African Health Authors: Ebenezer Ofori-Attah Abigail Aning Mark Ofosuhene Justice Kumi Regina Appiah-Opong Source Type: research

Distal femoral arthropometry in Nigerians and its correlation to total knee replacement implants
CONCLUSION: This study has provided measurements that can be considered when the designing of a suitable femoral component of total knee prosthesis for Nigerians. This study also provided equations that can be used to estimate the dimensions of the medial and the lateral condyles and femoral length from parts of distal femur in forensic medicine.FUNDING: Self-funded.PMID:35957927 | PMC:PMC9334967 | DOI:10.4314/gmj.v55i4.3 (Source: Ghana Medical Journal)
Source: Ghana Medical Journal - August 12, 2022 Category: African Health Authors: Olasode I Akinmokun Nwachukwu N Ibeabuchi Sekinat A Adejumobi Abisola S Ajayi Oyinlola O Thomas Source Type: research

Prevalence and predictors of clinic appointment non-adherence among adults with poorly controlled hypertension in a primary care setting
CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of non-adherence to clinic appointments was high. Being employed, patients or their children's inability to pay medical bills, and higher SBP were predictors of non-adherence to clinic appointments. Therefore, more studies are needed on effective interventions to reduce non-adherence to clinic appointments in this setting.PMID:35957928 | PMC:PMC9334959 | DOI:10.4314/gmj.v55i4.4 (Source: Ghana Medical Journal)
Source: Ghana Medical Journal - August 12, 2022 Category: African Health Authors: Godpower C Michael Salihu T Tanimu Ibrahim Aliyu Bukar A Grema Haliru Ibrahim Abubakar A Mohammed Yahkub B Mutalub Source Type: research

Open defecation and attainment of Sustainable Development Goal Six: evidence from Kintampo Surveillance System, Ghana
CONCLUSION: The 2030 OD free target is not achievable in the Kintampo districts of Ghana if the current trend continues.FUNDING: Kintampo Health Research Centre funded this work.PMID:35957929 | PMC:PMC9334961 | DOI:10.4314/gmj.v55i4.7 (Source: Ghana Medical Journal)
Source: Ghana Medical Journal - August 12, 2022 Category: African Health Authors: Sulemana W Abubakari Felix B Oppong Kenneth Wiru Grace Manu Edward A Apraku Mahama Abukari Charles Zandoh Kwaku P Asante Source Type: research

Prevalence and risk factors for falls in urban and rural older adults in Ekiti State, Nigeria
CONCLUSION: This study revealed a high risk of falls among older adults in the urban community. Early diagnosis and management of chronic conditions that increase fall risk and promote physical activity, especially among urban-dwelling older adults, are vital measures to be considered in fall prevention programmes.FUNDING: Self-funded research.PMID:35957930 | PMC:PMC9334957 | DOI:10.4314/gmj.v55i4.6 (Source: Ghana Medical Journal)
Source: Ghana Medical Journal - August 12, 2022 Category: African Health Authors: Oladele A Atoyebi Olusegun Elegbede Oluwole A Babatunde Kayode Adewoye Kabir Durowade Dauda B Parakoyi Source Type: research

Endovascular repair of symptomatic abdominal aortic aneurysm: a seminal case in West Africa
We report a 79-year-old man with epigastric pain, which was diagnosed to be due to AAA on a computerised tomography angiogram (CTA). His only risk factor was hypertension. He had endovascular repair in 2018, the first-ever in Ghana and West Africa. 2021 is the 3rd year of surveillance post- EVAR with no disease progression or complication. This seminal case is a beacon of hope in Ghana's resource-constrained healthcare system.FUNDING: None declared.PMID:35957931 | PMC:PMC9334969 | DOI:10.4314/gmj.v55i4.13 (Source: Ghana Medical Journal)
Source: Ghana Medical Journal - August 12, 2022 Category: African Health Authors: Lily Wu Benard O Botwe Source Type: research

Orbital Apex Syndrome: a rare complication of herpes zoster ophthalmicus in a Ghanaian woman living with HIV
We report on a 43-year-old Ghanaian female living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus infection and on highly active antiretroviral therapy who presented with a 2-month history of a healed vesicular rash left side of the forehead and a droopy left upper eyelid. On examination, she had complete ptosis, visual acuity in the left eye was 6/36, and restricted mobility in all directions of gaze. On anterior segment examination using a slit lamp biomicroscope, the left eye had mild cornea oedema with keratic precipitates and relative afferent pupillary defect (RAPD). Intraocular pressure and posterior segment of the right eye were...
Source: Ghana Medical Journal - August 12, 2022 Category: African Health Authors: Esinam Ayisi-Boateng Nana K Ayisi-Boateng Kwadwo Amoah Boateng Wiafe Source Type: research

Evaluation of Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization Time-of flight Mass spectrometry (MALDI TOF MS) and VITEK 2 in routine microbial identification
CONCLUSION: MALDI TOF MS and VITEK -2 gave comparable identification and error rates. The rapid reduction in turnaround time with MALDI TOF is a significant game-changer in the field of clinical microbiology.FUNDING: State Board of Medical Research (SBMR).PMID:35957934 | PMC:PMC9334958 | DOI:10.4314/gmj.v55i4.12 (Source: Ghana Medical Journal)
Source: Ghana Medical Journal - August 12, 2022 Category: African Health Authors: Anitha Madhavan Arun Sachu Nandini Sethuraman Anil Kumar Jayalakshmi Vasudevapanicker Source Type: research

Pre-and-post-operative aversion among men whose partners had caesarean delivery in a patriarchal setting
CONCLUSION: The high negative perception and aversion to CD among male partners were reduced post-operation. Healthcare workers should address the concerns and negative perceptions about CD and prioritize patient-friendly experiences during surgical operations.FUNDING: Funding was by the researchers; no grant or external support was received for the study.PMID:35957935 | PMC:PMC9334963 | DOI:10.4314/gmj.v55i4.9 (Source: Ghana Medical Journal)
Source: Ghana Medical Journal - August 12, 2022 Category: African Health Authors: Abiodun S Adeniran Olumuyiwa O Ogunlaja Idowu P Ogunlaja Shukurat B Okesina Adegboyega A Fawole Kikelomo T Adesina Abiodun P Aboyeji Source Type: research

The importance of health clubs in asthma management
CONCLUSION: The asthma club provides informational and affirmational supportive value to clients. We encourage as many centres as possible to raise an asthma club for more effective health communication and asthma care.FUNDING: none declared.PMID:35957936 | PMC:PMC9334968 | DOI:10.4314/gmj.v55i4.5 (Source: Ghana Medical Journal)
Source: Ghana Medical Journal - August 12, 2022 Category: African Health Authors: Chinonyelum T Ezeonu Uzoma V Asiegbu Odirichi Andrew Chinwe I Joe-Akunne Lilian N Nwobashi Source Type: research

Visual impairment among eye health workers in a tertiary eye centre in Ghana
CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of VI among the staff of the Eye Centre of the KBTH was 9.5 %, all due to refractive errors. Other known causes of avoidable visual impairment and blindness encountered were glaucoma (14.3 %), macular scar (1.2 %) and cataract (1.2 %), all asymptomatic. Routine eye screening should be part of periodic medical examination for employees.FUNDING: None declared.PMID:35957937 | PMC:PMC9334960 | DOI:10.4314/gmj.v55i4.8 (Source: Ghana Medical Journal)
Source: Ghana Medical Journal - August 12, 2022 Category: African Health Authors: Naamuah N Tagoe Benjamin Abaidoo Gladys Fordjuor Yakubu A Seidu Serwaa A Acquah Andrew E Akafo Eileen Buxton Dorothy Fiadoyor George Afenyo Samuel O Asiedu Vera A Essuman Source Type: research

Occurrence and distribution of extended-spectrum β-lactamase in clinical < em > Escherichia coli < /em > isolates at Ho Teaching Hospital in Ghana
CONCLUSION: The high prevalence of ESBL-producing E. coli isolates with multiple resistant gene carriage is a threat to healthcare in the study area.FUNDING: This research received no external funding.PMID:35957938 | PMC:PMC9334966 | DOI:10.4314/gmj.v55i4.11 (Source: Ghana Medical Journal)
Source: Ghana Medical Journal - August 12, 2022 Category: African Health Authors: John G Deku Kwabena O Duedu Emmanuel Ativi Godsway E Kpene Patrick K Feglo Source Type: research

Determination of aflatoxin levels in bokina beverage
CONCLUSION: Bokina samples tested were contaminated with aflatoxin. All doses of aflatoxin have a cumulative effect on the risk of cancer. Therefore, farmers and bokina producers must be educated on good storage practices and monitored to protect the public from aflatoxin exposure and toxicity.FUNDING: The study was self-funded.PMID:35957926 | PMC:PMC9334962 | DOI:10.4314/gmj.v55i4.10 (Source: Ghana Medical Journal)
Source: Ghana Medical Journal - August 12, 2022 Category: African Health Authors: Ebenezer Ofori-Attah Abigail Aning Mark Ofosuhene Justice Kumi Regina Appiah-Opong Source Type: research

Distal femoral arthropometry in Nigerians and its correlation to total knee replacement implants
CONCLUSION: This study has provided measurements that can be considered when the designing of a suitable femoral component of total knee prosthesis for Nigerians. This study also provided equations that can be used to estimate the dimensions of the medial and the lateral condyles and femoral length from parts of distal femur in forensic medicine.FUNDING: Self-funded.PMID:35957927 | PMC:PMC9334967 | DOI:10.4314/gmj.v55i4.3 (Source: Ghana Medical Journal)
Source: Ghana Medical Journal - August 12, 2022 Category: African Health Authors: Olasode I Akinmokun Nwachukwu N Ibeabuchi Sekinat A Adejumobi Abisola S Ajayi Oyinlola O Thomas Source Type: research

Prevalence and predictors of clinic appointment non-adherence among adults with poorly controlled hypertension in a primary care setting
CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of non-adherence to clinic appointments was high. Being employed, patients or their children's inability to pay medical bills, and higher SBP were predictors of non-adherence to clinic appointments. Therefore, more studies are needed on effective interventions to reduce non-adherence to clinic appointments in this setting.PMID:35957928 | PMC:PMC9334959 | DOI:10.4314/gmj.v55i4.4 (Source: Ghana Medical Journal)
Source: Ghana Medical Journal - August 12, 2022 Category: African Health Authors: Godpower C Michael Salihu T Tanimu Ibrahim Aliyu Bukar A Grema Haliru Ibrahim Abubakar A Mohammed Yahkub B Mutalub Source Type: research