[Training in community health: challenges, threats and opportunities. SESPAS Report 2018].
Authors: Valls Pérez B, Calderón Larrañaga S, March Cerdà JC, Oltra Rodríguez E Abstract Incorporating community health teaching in the undergraduate nursing and medicine curriculum and postgraduate training programmes contributes to enhance the quality, rigour and sustainability of health-promoting community interventions. In this article, we discuss the failure of Spanish Medical Universities to include family and community medicine and primary health care as integrated and cross-cutting disciplines on the undergraduate curriculum. During specialized medical and nursing training...
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - September 27, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research

[Networking: discussing community health and networks. SESPAS Report 2018].
Authors: Gállego-Diéguez J, Lineros-González C, Nuin-González B, Sastre-Paz M Abstract Four voices from around Spain discuss community health and networks. These voices understand that the networks are systems formed by interconnected people, with a common interest, that provide support. Networks require a common place and time, in order to generate trust and respect for horizontal work. Thus, networks are appropriate structures for health promotion, facilitating the exchange of knowledge, collaboration and innovation through the participation of those who form them. It is important that...
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - September 26, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research

[What would a person in a medical uniform know about communities? Dialogue on community health and its many varied forms. SESPAS Report 2018].
Authors: Aragón Martín B, Ruiz Peralta E, García Blanco D, Caravantes Vidriales R Abstract Terms such as community or community health are used more and more frequently and in multiple contexts. As healthcare workers, we acknowledge the need to reflect upon these concepts in order to shed light on the different meanings we bestow on community health. This dialogue approaches the notion of the community examining its relationships with other notions; for example, we examine how the notion of territory could trigger both communitarian networks and exclusionary practices. On the other hand, the pr...
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - September 24, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research

[Evidence of community engagement in health in Spain: thoughts and proposals. SESPAS Report 2018].
The objective of this article is to reflect on the existing evidence in Spain about community engagement in health, drawing on the results of the AdaptA GPS Project (Adapt and Apply Health Promotion Guidelines), intended to adapt NICE guideline NG44 on community engagement to improve health and wellbeing, and to reduce inequalities. After describing the methodology for the adaptation process, we discuss some of the findings from the review of the evidence on community engagement in the Spanish context. We ask whether the limited evidence identified is due to the difficulties involved in evaluating these interventions, or t...
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - September 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research

[Assets: from maps to territory. SESPAS Report 2018].
Authors: Cubillo J, Botello B, Gea-Caballero V, March S, Segura A, Hernán M Abstract In recent years, health asset maps have become increasingly important tools in the field of health promotion. They are being incorporated into the daily practice of many healthcare workers, in individualized care in consultations (through social prescription), and in groups or community development processes. It is necessary to reflect on how the asset maps are being produced, analyzing how the different stages of the process can be involved in their construction. The formats in which the data is obtained through the identif...
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - September 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research

Erratum a: Dise ño de un modelo para asignación de recursos mediante la estimación de ponderaciones en función del riesgo en salud. Gac Sanit. 2015;29(Espec Congr):374-434.
Erratum a: Diseño de un modelo para asignación de recursos mediante la estimación de ponderaciones en función del riesgo en salud. Gac Sanit. 2015;29(Espec Congr):374-434. Gac Sanit. 2018 Sep 11;: Authors: Romero M, Marrugo R, Lee J, Acero G, Villegas J, Vivas-Consuelo D, Caballer-Mellado V, Reyes-Santias F PMID: 30217403 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Gaceta Sanitaria)
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - September 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research

[Incorporation of the gender perspective in community health. SESPAS report 2018].
Authors: Artazcoz L, Chilet E, Escartín P, Fernández A Abstract The concepts of community health and gender perspective are often misunderstood or interpreted differently between different sectors and disciplines. For this reason, this article starts with the definition of both concepts and continues with a proposal for the incorporation of a gender perspective in community health. The gender norms determine different pathways and opportunities for people according to their sex, which are associated with gender inequalities in health and therefore must be incorporated in community health interventions...
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - September 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research

[Participation of the immigrant population in breast cancer screening in Tarragona, Spain].
CONCLUSIONS: Strategies specifically aimed at the immigrant population are required to improve their participation in breast cancer screening. PMID: 30205914 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Gaceta Sanitaria)
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - September 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research

[What does the decision to opt for private health insurance reveal about public provision?]
CONCLUSIONS: These perceptions and concerns of the public about the performance of the public health service will be of interest for policy makers and should be investigated further. PMID: 30149962 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Gaceta Sanitaria)
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - August 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research

[Agreements and disagreements between community health and the Spanish health system. SESPAS report 2018].
Authors: Martínez Cía N, Pérez Pérez M, Heras-Mosteiro J, Gutiérrez Ávila G, Díaz-Olalla JM, Ruiz-Giménez Aguilar JL Abstract In this article, we describe the different stages of the rise and decline of Primary Health Care and, in particular, its community approach; we do so by providing a historical journey of the relationship between the Spanish National Health System and community health, outlining the connections and disconnections with Public Health as well as the influence of dominant political ideologies. We defend a community reorientation of health se...
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - August 28, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research

The impact of Dependency Act benefits on employment.
CONCLUSIONS: Dependency benefits were equally distributed between in-kind services and cash benefits in 2012. Given that two out of three job positions generated from dependency benefits are linked to in-kind services, while the remaining third is generated by cash benefits, we conclude that around 146 thousand more jobs would have been generated if benefits had been offered as in-kind services instead of overusing cash benefits. PMID: 30146179 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Gaceta Sanitaria)
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - August 28, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research

[Optimization of the prediction of financial problems in Spanish private health companies using genetic algorithms].
CONCLUSIONS: The most important finding of this study was to establish a methodology that can identify the optimized coefficients for the Altman Z-Score, which allows a more accurate prediction of bankruptcy in Spanish private healthcare companies. PMID: 30143246 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Gaceta Sanitaria)
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - August 27, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research

[Hygeia and virtue or remembering Protagoras: dialogue on community health ethics. SESPAS Report 2018].
Authors: Segura-Benedicto A, Román-Maestre B, Puyol-González À Abstract A dialogue between ethics and public health on the moral implications of the promotion of community health in which the importance of respecting autonomy and contributing to the empowerment of the community with which it collaborates is highlighted; in addition to the appropriateness of an explicit commitment that sets out the limits of collaboration and the opportunity for a specific deontology. PMID: 30139541 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Gaceta Sanitaria)
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - August 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research

[Keys to the success of community engagement: dialogues on engagement at local level. SESPAS report 2018].
Authors: Suárez Álvarez Ó, Martínez Álvarez A, García Busto B, Palacio Martín S Abstract In recent years, successful local health interventions have emerged in the field of community engagement in health. This paper presents a dialogue between different local actors about the key aspects which can enhance the success of these community experiences. The format chosen for our work is a semi-structured conversation where authors discuss different aspects related to the current context of community engagement in health, the identified barriers to participating, and the e...
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - August 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research

Indoor radon in Spanish workplaces. A pilot study before the introduction of the European Directive 2013/59/Euratom.
CONCLUSION: Indoor radon exposure might be a relevant problem in Spanish workplaces and the number of affected workers could be high. The prevalence of workers exposed to high radon concentrations probably depends on the geographical area. PMID: 30131204 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Gaceta Sanitaria)
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - August 24, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research

Adolescent smoking and the social capital of local communities in three counties in Romania.
CONCLUSIONS: Several social capital factors can play a role in adolescent smoking. The organization and the development of community activities aimed at prevention must strengthen the factors related to the community's social capital to reduce the likelihood of teenage smoking. PMID: 30107939 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Gaceta Sanitaria)
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - August 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research

[Validity and reliability of the sense of coherence scale among nursing undergraduate students from a Spanish university].
Authors: Vega Martínez MDC, Frías Osuna A, Del Pino Casado R Abstract OBJECTIVE: To analyze the factor structure of the OLQ-13 scale and to study the direct relationship between sense of coherence and lifestyles in university students of nursing. METHOD: Cross-sectional study. LOCATION: University of Jaén. Andalusia, Spain. PARTICIPANTS: 384 students from the first three years of the nursing degree in the University of Jaén. MAIN MEASUREMENT: Internal consistency was studied by Cronbach's alpha, reliability test-retest was measured by intraclass coefficient correlation (I...
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - August 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research

[Equity and patient autonomy in the care strategies for patients with chronic disease of health services in Spain].
CONCLUSIONS: Chronic care strategies should consider the autonomy and privacy of patients in the use of clinical data and telemonitoring. In order to be equitable, they would have to provide an integrated health care system, incorporating measures to reduce the inequalities due to the social determinants that accompany the disease. PMID: 30064703 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Gaceta Sanitaria)
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - August 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research

Validation study of a Spanish version of the modified Telephone Interview for Cognitive Status (STICS-m).
CONCLUSIONS: The weak correlation between the STICS-m and the MMSE reflects moderate-low concurrent validity. Even so, the STICS-m can be regarded as an useful tool in the epidemiological setting since increasing scores appear to be able to predict a lower risk of developing dementia. PMID: 30054168 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Gaceta Sanitaria)
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - July 31, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research

[Universalization, parity and evolution of the demand of epidural analgesia in labor in Andalusia (Spain)].
CONCLUSIONS: The process of universalization of epidural anesthesia in childbirth has ended with social inequalities in their use, that is, with those differences that are not due to a real choice but are induced by socio-cultural characteristics of women. PMID: 30055810 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Gaceta Sanitaria)
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - July 31, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research

[Autonomy and heteronomy, a necessary alliance to address smoking cessation. Views of professionals and patients].
CONCLUSIONS: An alliance is needed between the ethics that support the autonomy of patients who smoke and the regulation of tobacco consumption. This approach should be included in clinical training programmes dealing with tobacco use, dependence and cessation. PMID: 30033093 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Gaceta Sanitaria)
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - July 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research

[Prioritising measures for consolidating shared decision-making in the services rendered by the Spanish National Health System].
CONCLUSIONS: The consensus emerging from the consultation points to the need to incorporate into the strategic priorities of health policy, structural measures that support and encourage the development of shared decision-making in a number of specific areas of evolution and change in the relationship between health professionals and patients as an attribute of quality in access to the benefits and services of the public healthcare system. PMID: 30033094 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Gaceta Sanitaria)
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - July 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research

[Diagnostic accuracy of STOP-Bang questionnaire on moderate sleep apnoea in primary care].
CONCLUSIONS: The STOP-Bang presents a diagnostic moderate utility for AHI≥15, but superior to other scales, in a community population. Its performance is more appropriate in women. PMID: 30033095 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Gaceta Sanitaria)
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - July 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research

[Corrigendum a: Estudio multicaso-control de base poblacional de tumores comunes en Espa ña (MCC-Spain): razón y diseño del estudio (Gaceta Sanitaria 2015;29:308-15)].
[Corrigendum a: Estudio multicaso-control de base poblacional de tumores comunes en España (MCC-Spain): razón y diseño del estudio (Gaceta Sanitaria 2015;29:308-15)]. Gac Sanit. 2018 Jul 19;: Authors: Castaño-Vinyals G, Aragonés N, Pérez-Gómez B, Martín V, Llorca J, Moreno V, Altzibar JM, Ardanaz E, de Sanjosé S, Jiménez-Moleón JJ, Tardón A, Alguacil J, Peiró R, Marcos-Gragera R, Navarro C, Pollán M, Kogevinas M, MCC-Spain Study Group PMID: 30033096 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Gaceta Sanitaria)
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - July 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research

[Small area estimation of health indicators based on data from the Basque Country Health Survey].
Authors: Montoya I, Esnaola S, Calvo M, Aldasoro E, Audicana C, Marí-Dell'Olmo M Abstract Health surveys are a key tool for decision-making in health policies and health services planning. The use of small-area statistical methods that use information at different geographic levels may be useful for estimating health indicators at a lower geographical level than originally considered in the survey design. PMID: 30033097 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Gaceta Sanitaria)
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - July 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research

[The battle in Madrid over poliomyelitis vaccines (1963): science, ideology and power in the first mass immunization campaign in Spain].
Authors: Tuells J Abstract Between 1958 and 1963, Spain witnessed the highest ever incidence of poliomyelitis (2000 cases and 200 deaths per year). Although Salk's inactivated vaccine had arrived in Spain in 1957, the government took no decisive action to administer it to the entire population at risk. Neither was Sabin's attenuated vaccine administered, available in Europe from 1960. While other countries adopted one or the other, in Spain rivalry arose over the two vaccines, with mixed results. The Salk vaccine was administered to a small percentage of the population at risk through the Compulsory Sickness Insura...
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - July 24, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research

[Social and clinical determinants of the use of health services in women with breast cancer (Cohort DAMA)].
CONCLUSIONS: The factors associated with the use of health services differ according to the level of care (aOR: 3.53 emergency departments, 1.67 admissions, 3.89 primary care) and treatment-derived complications (aOR: 1.35 emergency departments, 1.43 primary care). The presence of chronic disorders, younger age, disadvantaged social class, increases the risk of using services more than the tumour stage and treatment-derived complications. Neither the diagnostic method nor the survival time, nor the use of non-conventional therapies influence this. PMID: 30031657 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Gaceta Sanitaria)
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - July 24, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research

[Dialogue on the local implementation of the Prevention and Health Promotion Strategy of the Spanish National Health System. SESPAS report 2018].
Authors: Terol Claramonte M, Azpeitia Seron ME, Cabeza Irigoyen E, Gerez Valls MD Abstract The local implementation of the Prevention and Health Promotion Strategy of the National Health System is presented as an opportunity to advance in health promotion. Although there are different visions from the municipal, regional and national levels, as well as from public health and from primary care, there is a consensus that it is necessary to promote local health strategies. Coordination mechanisms should be established to facilitate multilevel and intersectoral work. Local implementation must advance in the promotion o...
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - July 24, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research

Perceptions of plain cigarette packaging among smokers and non-smokers in Andalusia (Spain).
CONCLUSIONS: Plain packaging, combined with pictorial health warnings, may reduce the capacity of packaging to be distinctive and a badge product. Altering pack design in such a way would make it more difficult for tobacco companies to create a favourable image of their brands and may help to reinforce the ability of the population to protect themselves from the dangers of smoking. PMID: 30025724 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Gaceta Sanitaria)
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - July 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research

[Gender agenda in health sciences education: international experiences to reduce time in Spain].
CONCLUSIONS: The key to gender mainstreaming in university degrees lies at the level of political, organizational and cultural change, as well as at faculty level. There are facilitating factors and individual and interpersonal barriers; the organizational level is essential with institutional support through norms that enforce the incorporation of this perspective and ensure its sustainability. PMID: 30029806 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Gaceta Sanitaria)
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - July 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research

[The City of Girls and Boys of Huesca (Spain), an opportunity for designing healthy environment and public policies].
Authors: Lobo E, Ayllon E, Eito MÁ, Lozano A, Martínez S, Bañares L, Vicén MJ, Moreno P Abstract The City of Girls and Boys of Huesca (Spain) is an international project that seeks to foster children's autonomy and full participation in the construction of the city. Following its formal approval at the City Council of Huesca, the Girls and Boys Board and the City Laboratory were created, both of which include children from all the schools of Huesca. To highlightthe work on health, activities such as "Healthy School Paths", in which the asset mapping technique is used, were inco...
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - July 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research

[On the quality and prestige of a scientific journal: advancing the principle of transparency].
Authors: Ojeda-Belokon C, Marcos-Marcos J PMID: 30017451 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Gaceta Sanitaria)
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research

[The role of emotional intelligence in cardiovascular disease].
Authors: Núñez Martín M, Castillo Gualda R Abstract OBJECTIVE: To identify the classical risk factors and dimensions of emotional intelligence that are good predictors of cardiovascular disease according to sex. METHOD: The sample comprised 220 participants (110 with cardiovascular disease and 110 without cardiovascular disease). The demographic data and classic risk factors of each participant were recorded, and emotional intelligence evaluated through two questionnaires (TMMS-24 and PEC). RESULTS: Men with low emotional regulation had an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (Exp(B) = 0.813; p
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research

[Study on press coverage about the exodus of Spanish nurses to the United Kingdom].
CONCLUSIONS: The press promoted the push factor for nurses to migrate to the United Kingdom. PMID: 30017453 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Gaceta Sanitaria)
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research

[Occupational risk during pregnancy and sick leave in a cohort of workers from Parc de Salut Mar (Barcelona, Spain)].
CONCLUSIONS: Pregnant workers remained at work for two thirds of their pregnancy. Absences were mainly due to episodes of NWSA. PORB represented one third of them. As in other similar countries, our results suggest a change in the management of social protection benefits for pregnant workers. PMID: 29914699 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Gaceta Sanitaria)
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - June 21, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research

[Batas N ómadas in Madrid Salud: art and artists in professional community health teams].
CONCLUSIONS: These actions have shown some needs in community health, and have noticed a meaningful reflection on the usefulness of the art to develop participative strategies into the Madrid Salud teams. PMID: 29909978 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Gaceta Sanitaria)
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - June 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research

[Legitimisation of gender inequalities through public policies for the prevention of alcohol use among young people].
Authors: Obón-Azuara B, Gasch-Gallén Á, Gutiérrez-Cía I, Tomás-Aznar C PMID: 29907263 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Gaceta Sanitaria)
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research

The World Health Organization European Healthy Cities Network 30 years on.
Authors: Ashton J, Tiliouine A, Kosinska M PMID: 29907264 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Gaceta Sanitaria)
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - June 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research

[Public health in Franco's Spain as seen from the World Health Organization: the Brockington Report (1967)].
Authors: Rodríguez-Ocaña E Abstract The aim of this note is to introduce the report on the health system of Spain written in 1967 by the WHO expert on Public Health Administration, and retired professor of the University of Manchester, Prof. CF Brockington, I summarise along general lines the relationships established between Spain and the WHO, describe the role of consultants, give an outline of the character of this author and the political context of the time. I also describe the difficulties encountered with his recommendations, which can nevertheless be viewed as seminal contributions to the majo...
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - June 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research

[Incidence of diabetes in patients treated with antipsychotics in primary care].
Authors: García-Fernández V, Garrido-Elustondo S, López-Rodríguez JA, Del Cura-González I, Sarría-Santamera A PMID: 29891134 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Gaceta Sanitaria)
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - June 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research

Medical assistance in dying in Qu ébec and Canada: legislative context and implementation issues.
Medical assistance in dying in Québec and Canada: legislative context and implementation issues. Gac Sanit. 2018 Jun 04;: Authors: Bélanger E, Deschamps P PMID: 29880335 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Gaceta Sanitaria)
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - June 9, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research

[Special edition of gacetasanitaria on evidence-based decision making in public health].
Authors: Epstein D, Bermúdez-Tamayo C, Cantarero D, Negrín Hernández MÁ, Álvarez-Dardet C PMID: 29859641 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Gaceta Sanitaria)
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - June 7, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research

[Review of the methodological, ethical, legal and social issues of research projects in healthcare with big data].
This article offers guidelines, with the application of the EU's General Data Protection Regulation, for the appropriate evaluation of projects that are based on the use of big data analytics in healthcare. The processes for gathering and using this data constitute a niche where current research is developed. In this context, the existing protocols for obtaining informed consent from participants are outdated, as they are based not only on the assumption that personal data are anonymized, but that they will continue to be so in the future. As a result, it is essential that research ethics committees take on new capabilitie...
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - June 7, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research

[Interpersonal violence in Spain through national hospital discharge survey].
CONCLUSIONS: Although they need to be improved to avoid certain limitations, health information systems are a rich source of data that can be used for research in health and, through their results, for the development of prevention plans and intervention in matters of violence. PMID: 29866371 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Gaceta Sanitaria)
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - June 7, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research

[The extent of the implementation of reproductive health strategies in Catalonia (Spain) (2008-2017)].
CONCLUSIONS: Above all, transformation is visible in the incorporation of new attitudes, sensibilities and practices that have developed around the old structures, especially during physiological childbirth. The more technological areas have been less permeable to change. Risk management in decision-making and addressing diversity are identified as areas where transformation is less evident. PMID: 29866372 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Gaceta Sanitaria)
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - June 7, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research

[Reasons for deciding to die in hospital or at home. The vision of professionals].
CONCLUSIONS: Advance care planning and use of the advance directive should be promoted, as well as, interlevel communication and coordination, supply resources, especially in primary care, and professionals should receive training on how to approach death.. The patient's family should be involved in the care process and provided the necessary support. PMID: 29793673 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Gaceta Sanitaria)
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - May 31, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research

[Palliative care for patients with chronic respiratory failure].
Authors: Pérez de Llano LA Abstract The increasing prevalence of chronic respiratory diseases and the longer survival of patients with these disorders have lead to a rise in the number of individuals in a terminal condition with no chances of responding to additional medication. Nevertheless, this epidemiological fact has not been accompanied by a parallel development of palliative care programmes, and this prevents the patients from receiving optimal medical care to ensure their well-being and to avoid further unnecessary admissions to hospital. Our local experience in the Lucus Augusti University Hospital ...
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - May 31, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research

On the nexus of air pollution and health expenditures: new empirical evidence.
CONCLUSIONS: Overall, our findings could be used to clarify the appropriate health expenditure level or to obtain better environmental quality and social well-being. That is, empirical support is provided on how health management and policy makers should include more considerations for the use of cleaner fuels in developed countries. PMID: 29776689 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Gaceta Sanitaria)
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - May 21, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research

Misconduct as the main cause for retraction. A descriptive study of retracted publications and their authors.
CONCLUSIONS: Currently, misconduct is the main cause of retraction. Specific strategies to limit this phenomenon must be implemented. It would be useful to standardize reasons and procedures for retraction. The development of a standard retraction form to be permanently indexed in a database might be relevant. PMID: 29776690 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Gaceta Sanitaria)
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - May 21, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research

[Tools to assess the impact on health of public health programmes and community interventions from an equity perspective].
Authors: Suárez Álvarez Ó, Fernández-Feito A, Vallina Crespo H, Aldasoro Unamuno E, Cofiño R Abstract It is essential to develop a comprehensive approach to institutionally promoted interventions to assess their impact on health from the perspective of the social determinants of health and equity. Simple, adapted tools must be developed to carry out these assessments. The aim of this paper is to present two tools to assess the impact of programmes and community-based interventions on the social determinants of health. The first tool is ...
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - May 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research