Study of high-altitude cerebral edema using multimodal imaging
ConclusionsMRI has more advantages than CT in the evaluation of HACE, especially in the DWI sequence. The white matter injury of severe HACE is more severe and extensive, especially in the corpus callosum, and some CMBs and corticospinal tract edema may also appear. (Source: Frontiers in Neurology)
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - January 26, 2023 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Rescue intracranial stenting for acute ischemic stroke after the failure of mechanical thrombectomy: A systematic review, meta-analysis, and trial sequential analysis
ConclusionsOur study showed that rescue stenting was effective and safe for patients with acute ischemia stroke who also had a failed MT, and this result was confirmed in a TSA analysis. (Source: Frontiers in Neurology)
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - January 25, 2023 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Calf muscle pump tensing as a novel maneuver to improve the diagnostic performance of detecting patent foramen ovale during transesophageal echocardiography
ConclusionTENSE is a simple and effective provocative maneuver in the diagnosis of PFO using TEE and can assist the Valsalva maneuver. For patients who cannot perform an effective Valsalva maneuver, TENSE can be an alternative to the Valsalva maneuver to some extent. (Source: Frontiers in Neurology)
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - January 25, 2023 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Clinical study on the feasibility of new thrombus markers in predicting massive cerebral infarction
ConclusionThe detection of PIC, TAT, t-PAIC, and TM is a comprehensive assessment of vascular endothelial damage and activation of the coagulation and fibrinolytic systems and has diagnostic value for early identification of patients with MCI, which, together with its ease of detection, can be used as a plasma marker for early identification of large vessel occlusion. (Source: Frontiers in Neurology)
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - January 25, 2023 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Asymmetric cortical activation in healthy and hemiplegic individuals during walking: A functional near-infrared spectroscopy neuroimaging study
ConclusionAn important feature of asymmetric cortical activation was found in patients with post-stroke during the walking process, which was the recruitment of more SMC-SMA-PMC activation than in healthy individuals. Interestingly, there was no significant lateralized activation during hemiplegic walking with FES assistance, which would seem to indicate that FES may help hemiplegic walking recover the balance in cortical activation. These results, which are worth verifying through additional research, suggest that FES used as a potential therapeutic strategy may play an important role in motor recovery after stroke. (Sour...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - January 25, 2023 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Editorial: Ultrahigh field metabolic MRI: Current status, clinical applications, and future perspectives
(Source: Frontiers in Neurology)
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - January 24, 2023 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Editorial: Insights in neurotrauma: 2021
(Source: Frontiers in Neurology)
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - January 24, 2023 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Role of plaque inflammation in symptomatic carotid stenosis
ConclusionPlaque inflammation as quantified on FDG-PET may serve as a reliable biomarker for risk stratification among patients with ECAD and recent TIA or ischemic stroke. Future studies should evaluate whether patients with significant plaque inflammation as quantified on FDG-PET benefit from carotid revascularization and/or anti-inflammatory therapy. (Source: Frontiers in Neurology)
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - January 24, 2023 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Cerebral blood flow changes induced by high-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation combined with cognitive training in Alzheimer's disease
ConclusionNeuropsychological assessments showed immediate and long-term effects on cognitive function and activities of daily living after rTMS-COG therapy. CBF changes induced by high-frequency rTMS-COG therapy are region-dependent, showing immediate effects in the precuneus and long-term effects in the left parahippocampus. These results provide imaging evidence to understand the underlying neurobiological mechanism for the application of rTMS-COG in AD. (Source: Frontiers in Neurology)
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - January 24, 2023 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Optic nerve sheath fenestration for visual impairment in cerebral venous diseases
ConclusionWe recommend that ONSF should be considered as an imperative alternative to reduce or delay the visual morbidity of cerebral venous diseases, although there is yet no consensus on the optimal surgical timing. (Source: Frontiers in Neurology)
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - January 24, 2023 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Case report: Physical findings, physical therapy practice, and characteristics of disability of activities of daily living caused by obturator nerve palsy after neurotmesis
In this study, we reported on a patient with adductor paralysis due to obturator neurotmesis, including the clinical symptoms, characteristics of ADL impairment, and effective movement instruction. The patient is a woman in her 40's who underwent laparoscopic total hysterectomy, bilateral adnexectomy, and pelvic lymph node dissection for uterine cancer (grade-2 endometrial carcinoma). During pelvic lymph node dissection, she developed an obturator nerve injury. She underwent nerve grafting during the same surgery by the microsurgeon. Donor nerve was the ipsilateral sural nerve with a 3-cm graft length. Due to obturator ner...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - January 24, 2023 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Ultra-processed foods consumption is associated with multiple sclerosis severity
ConclusionsAlthough these results are only preliminary and hypothesis generating, it is important to explore how various aspects of the diet may relate to MS severity in order to identify the best strategy to support MS patients over the disease course. (Source: Frontiers in Neurology)
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - January 24, 2023 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Dosage consideration for transcranial direct current stimulation in post-stroke dysphagia: A systematic review and network meta-analysis
ConclusionDifferent durations and intensities of anodal tDCS are effective in improving post-stroke dysphagia. However, 20 min of tDCS at 1.4 mA may be the optimal regimen.Systematic review registrationhttps://www.crd.york.ac.uk/PROSPERO/#recordDetails, identifier CRD42022342506. (Source: Frontiers in Neurology)
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - January 24, 2023 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Seizure burden and neuropsychological outcomes of new-onset refractory status epilepticus: Systematic review
ConclusionThese findings concur with previous observations that the majority of adult and pediatric patients continue to experience recurrent seizures and suffer from refractory epilepsy. Moderate to severe cognitive disability, loss of functional independence, and psychiatric disorders represent a hallmark of chronic NORSE signifying the major public health importance of this disorder. (Source: Frontiers in Neurology)
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - January 24, 2023 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Correlation between cerebrospinal fluid abnormalities before ventriculoperitoneal shunt and postoperative intracranial infection in adult patients with hydrocephalus: A clinical study
ConclusionsFor adult hydrocephalus patients without clinical manifestations of intracranial infection but only with simple abnormality of cerebrospinal fluid, when the content of glucose in cerebrospinal fluid is < 2.8 mmol/L, and the content of lactic acid is >2.8 mmol/L, it is recommended to perform ventriculoperitoneal shunt after further improvement of cerebrospinal fluid indicators, otherwise, hasty operation will increase the postoperative infection rate. The postoperative fever rate of ventriculoperitoneal shunt surgery is high and the body temperature drops rapidly. If there is still fever after day 3 after s...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - January 24, 2023 Category: Neurology Source Type: research