Short term results of dynamic splinting for hallux valgus – a prospective randomized study
Hallux valgus (HV) is one of the most common diagnoses in orthopedic practice. The prevalence of radiologic HV is up to 23% in 18 –65 year old women and>35% in women older than 65 [1]. Approximately half of these cases can become symptomatic. Women in their fourth to sixth decade are most often affected, and children show an incidence of 2% [1,2]. The etiology of HV is not completely understood and appears to be multifactorial. Family history, female gender, occupational foot stress, shoe style and configuration of the first metatarsale and the first metatarso-phalangeal joint (MTP 1), have been correlated ...
Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery - January 21, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Christian Plaass, Annika Karch, Armin Koch, Vivien Wiederhoeft, Sarah Ettinger, Leif Claassen, Kiriakos Daniilidis, Daiwei Yao, Christina Stukenborg-Colsman Source Type: research

Ankle Fusion in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis C
The hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a blood borne pathogen that adversely compromises both hepatic and extrahepatic systems. Chronic hepatitis C infection (HCV) affects between 3.4 and 4.4 million people in the United States and over 185 million people worldwide [1,2]. Those born in the post-World War II baby boom account for approximately 75% of the estimated U.S. population with HCV. Many are unaware that they are infected. Guidelines from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommend screening, as infected patients been demonstrated to be at incre...
Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery - January 21, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Patrick K. Strotman, Daniel R. Schmitt, Adam Schiff, Michael Pinzur Source Type: research

Retrospective cohort study of operatively treated ankle fractures involving the posterior malleolus
Ankle fractures with a posterior malleolus (PM) fragment are a common injury, which often necessitates surgical fixation. Until recently, PM fractures would often be fixed using a percutaneous anterior to posterior (AP) screw, or treated indirectly through fixation of the lateral malleolus relying on ligamentotaxis to reduce the PM. However, in recent years various authors have advocated direct visualisation and anatomical fixation using a posterolateral or posteromedial approach [1 –3]. Biomechanical studies have demonstrated that posterior buttress plate fixation creates a stronger construct than AP screws [4]. (So...
Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery - January 18, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Stephen McHale, Mark Williams, Thomas Ball Source Type: research

The use of polyvinyl alcohol hydrogel implants in the lesser metatarsal heads. Is it safely doable? A cadaveric Study
Lesser toe and metatarsophalangeal disorders are frequent, and their treatment represent a frequent challenge for Foot and Ankle surgeons. The number of surgical procedures for treatment of these pathologies is huge, with substantial associated economic burden [1]. (Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery)
Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery - January 9, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Cesar de Cesar Netto, Alexandre Leme Godoy-Santos, Taylor N. Cabe, Lauren E. Roberts, Thos Harnroongroj, Jonathan Deland, Mark Drakos Source Type: research

Radiographic changes of the mid-tarsal joint after calcaneal lengthening for planovalgus foot deformity
In children and adolescents, planovalgus foot deformity is characterized by complex features including hindfoot valgus, midfoot planus/pronation, and forefoot abduction/supination with a relatively short lateral column.[1,2] Most children with planovalgus deformities are asymptomatic and do not require treatment. When the deformity becomes symptomatic and leads to pain while weight-bearing pain, callus formation, or ulcerative lesions as a result of talar head prominence and functional impairment, it will require treatment.[3,4] Idiopathic planovalgus is known to improve spontaneously as children grow older,[5] but surgica...
Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery - December 31, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Sung Ki Hyuk, Soon-Sun Kwon, Chin Youb Chung, Kyoung Min Lee, Moon Seok Park Source Type: research

Morphology of the first metatarsal head as a risk factor for hallux valgus interphalangeus
(Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery)
Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery - December 24, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Stephanus Johannes van Deventer, Andrew Strydom, Nikiforos Pandelis Saragas, Paulo Norberto Faria Ferrao Source Type: research

A state-of-the-art review of foot pressure
(Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery)
Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery - December 24, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Siti Syazni Zulkifli, Loh Wei Ping Tags: Review Source Type: research

Positive and negative factors for the treatment outcomes following total ankle arthroplasty? A systematic review
(Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery)
Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery - December 24, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Dahang Zhao, Dichao Huang, Gonghao Zhang, Xu Wang, Tiansong Zhang, Xin Ma Tags: Review Source Type: research

The clinical outcome of endoscopic plantar fascia release: A current concept review
(Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery)
Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery - December 23, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Michael-Alexander Malahias, Erwin Brian Cantiller, Vikram V. Kadu, Sebastian M üller Tags: Review Source Type: research

Preclinical Biomechanical Testing Models for the Tibiotalar Joint and Its Replacements: A Systematic Review
Prior to the advent of total ankle joint replacements, fusion was the only option available for the relief of pain and partial restoration of function. One theoretical benefit of total ankle replacement (TAR) over arthrodesis is lowering the probability of developing osteoarthritis in adjacent joints, which may occur in patients treated with fusions [2 –4]. In addition to avoiding the potential risks of osteoarthritis in neighboring joints, biomechanical gait studies have found that, compared to fused ankles, ankles implanted with TAR produce kinematics that more closely resemble a healthy ankle [5]. (Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery)
Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery - December 23, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Nathan C. Ho, Edward Ebramzadeh, Sophia N. Sangiorgio Tags: Review Source Type: research

Effectiveness of subtalar arthroereisis with endorthesis for pediatric flexible flat foot: a retrospective cross-sectional study with final follow up at skeletal maturity
(Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery)
Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery - December 21, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Cristian Indino, Jorge Hugo Villafa ñe, Riccardo D’Ambrosi, Luigi Manzi, Camilla Maccario, Pedro Berjano, Federico G. Usuelli Source Type: research

Agreement between Sanders Classification of Intraarticular Calcaneal Fractures and Assessment during the Surgery
(Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery)
Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery - December 19, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Amir Reza Vosoughi, Zahra Shayan, Ehsan Salehi, Fereidoon Mojtahed Jaberi, Saeed Solooki, Bahareh Kardeh Source Type: research

Three-dimensional displacement after a medializing calcaneal osteotomy in relation to the osteotomy angle and hindfoot alignment
An adult-acquired flatfoot deformity is a three-dimensional (3D) condition mainly characterized by a loss of the medial longitudinal arch, valgus alignment of the hindfoot, and abduction of the midfoot [1]. It is a known cause of pain and disability, leading to a substantial decrease in quality of life [2]. Although it remains matter of debate, a dysfunction of the posterior tibialis tendon is identified to contribute to the pathomechanics [1,3]. If conservative treatment remains unsuccessful, surgery is performed to correct the deformity [4,5]. (Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery)
Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery - December 7, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: M. Peiffer, C. Belvedere, S. Clockaerts, T. Leenders, A. Leardini, E. Audenaert, J. Victor, A. Burssens, WBCT ISG Source Type: research

Three-dimensional displacement of a medializing calcaneal osteotomy in relation to the osteotomy angle and hindfoot alignment
(Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery)
Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery - December 7, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: M. Peiffer, C. Belvedere, S. Clockaerts, T. Leenders, A. Leardini, E. Audenaert, J. Victor, A. Burssens, WBCT ISG Source Type: research

Lateral ankle ligament anatomic reconstruction for chronic ankle instability: allograft or autograft? a systematic review
(Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery)
Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery - December 7, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: L. Brambilla, A. Bianchi, F. Malerba, M. Loppini, N. Martinelli Source Type: research

Surgical treatment of lateral and posterior process fractures of the talus: Mid-term results of 15 cases after 7 years
(Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery)
Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery - November 29, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Dominik von Winning, Roland Lippisch, Gerald Pliske, Daniela Adolf, Felix Walcher, Stefan Piatek Source Type: research

Is regional ankle block needed in conjunction with general anaesthesia for first ray surgery? A randomised controlled trial of ultrasound guided ankle block versus “blind” local infiltration
(Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery)
Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery - November 28, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Veronica I. Roberts, Randeep S. Aujla, Felix N. Fombon, Harvinder Singh, Maneesh Bhatia Source Type: research

Arthroscopic treatment of lateral ankle instability. Is there a safe zone? An anatomic studys
A variety of surgical techniques have been described to manage chronic ankle instability. These procedures can be classified into three different techniques: anatomic repair, anatomic reconstruction and non-anatomic reconstruction [1]. (Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery)
Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery - November 27, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Francisco Flores Santos, Nuno R. Santos Source Type: research

Arthroscopic treatment of lateral ankle instability. Is there a safe zone? An anatomic study
(Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery)
Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery - November 27, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Francisco Flores Santos, Nuno R. Santos Source Type: research

Fractures of the Anterior Process of the Calcaneum; a review and proposed treatment algorithm
(Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery)
Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery - November 26, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Baljinder S Dhinsa, Ahmed Latif, Roland Walker, Ali Abbasian, Diane Back, Sam Singh Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Early outcomes and radiographic alignment of the infinity total ankle replacement with a minimum of two year follow-up data
(Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery)
Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery - November 22, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Andrew King, Navjit Bali, Al-Amin Kassam, Adrian Hughes, Nicholas Talbot, Ian Sharpe Source Type: research

Suture Button versus Syndesmosis Screw Constructs for Acute Ankle Diastasis Injuries: A Meta-Analysis and Systematic Review of Randomised Controlled Trials
(Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery)
Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery - November 22, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: James Randolph Onggo, Mithun Nambiar, Kevin Phan, Benjamin Hickey, Anuruthran Ambikaipalan, Raphael Hau, Harvinder Bedi Source Type: research

First MTP joint instability — Expanding the concept of “Turf-toe” injuries
The first metatarsophalangeal joint (MTP1) has a differentiated and complex anatomy in relation to its counterparts in the smaller toes. It has a thick articular capsule fused with tendinous, ligamentous, and osseous structures [1,2]. The classic definition of the Turf-toe injury refers to a very specific clinical and pathological picture related with the practice of the American Football and with particular characteristics to the gesture of this sport [3 –5]. This term was first used in 1976 by Bowers and Martin to describe a “sprain of the plantar capsule ligament of the hallux metatarsophalangeal joint&rdquo...
Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery - November 21, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Caio Nery, Lucas F. Fonseca, Jo ão Paulo Gonçalves, Nacime Mansur, André Lemos, Leonardo Maringolo, Lucas F. Fonseca Source Type: research

First MTP Joint Instability − Expanding the Concept of “Turf-Toe” Injuries
(Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery)
Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery - November 21, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Caio Nery, Lucas F. Fonseca, Jo ão Paulo Gonçalves, Nacime Mansur, André Lemos, Leonardo Maringolo, Lucas F. Fonseca Source Type: research

Fractures of the anterior process of the calcaneum: A review and proposed treatment algorithm
We would like to thank Dhinsa et al. for pointing their finger at a highly underrepresented injury in current foot and ankle literature. They published a review and proposed a treatment algorithm for fractures to the anterior process of the calcaneus (APC) [1]. According to their methodology, they conducted a “comprehensive literature search […] conforming to the PRISMA statement”. Based on the 23 studies finally included, the authors then proposed a treatment algorithm. They suggested conservative treatment (6 weeks immobilization and non-weightbearing) for acute undisplaced fractures classified t ype I...
Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery - November 16, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: S.F. Baumbach, F.K. Massen, H. Polzer Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Fractures of the anterior process of the calcaneum; a review and proposed treatment algorithm
(Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery)
Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery - November 16, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: S.F. Baumbach, F.K. Massen, H. Polzer Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Improved Functional Outcome After Early Reduction In Bosworth Fracture-Dislocation
(Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery)
Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery - November 15, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Yougun Won, Gi-Soo Lee, Jung-Mo Hwang, Il-young Park, Jae-Hwang Song, Chan Kang, Deuk-Soo Hwang Source Type: research

Is there a role for low intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) in delayed or nonunion following arthrodesis in foot and ankle surgery?
(Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery)
Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery - November 15, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Yusuf H. Mirza, Kar Hao Teoh Dip, David Golding, Jenny F Wong, Yogesh Nathdwarawala Source Type: research

Long term results of the revisited Meary closing wedge tarsectomy for the treatment of the fixed cavo-varus foot in adolescent with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease
(Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery)
Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery - November 15, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Anne-Laure Simon, Rapha ël Seringe, Alina Badina, Najib Khouri, Christophe Glorion, Philippe Wicart Source Type: research

Adding deltoid ligament repair in ankle fracture treatment: Is it necessary? A systematic review
(Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery)
Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery - November 14, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Sherif Dabash, Ahmed Elabd, Eric Potter, Isaac Fernandez, Chris Gerzina, Ahmed M. Thabet, William McGarvey, Amr Abdelgawad Tags: Review Source Type: research

Hallux valgus correction with a new percutaneous distal osteotomy: Surgical technique and medium term outcomes
(Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery)
Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery - November 14, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Federico Maria Liuni, Luca Berni, Alberto Fontanarosa, Riccardo Cepparulo, Alberto Guardoli, Andrea Pellegrini, Andrea Bianchi, Aldo Guardoli Source Type: research

Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy versus Other Therapeutic Methods for Chronic Plantar Fasciitis
(Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery)
Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery - November 13, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Kai Sun, Haiyu Zhou, Wenxue Jiang Source Type: research

Standardised virtual fracture clinic management of Achilles tendon ruptures is safe and reproducible
(Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery)
Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery - November 10, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Alastair Robertson, Charles Godavitarne, Simon Bellringer, Enis Guryel, Felicity Auld, Lucy Cassidy, James Gibbs Source Type: research

Incidence and Predictors of Early Complications following Primary and Revision Total Ankle Arthroplasty
(Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery)
Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery - November 8, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Wilson C. Lai, Armin Arshi, Ali Ghorbanifarajzadeh, Joan R. Williams, Nelson F. Soohoo Source Type: research

Radiographic Parameters in Gravity Stress View of the Ankle: Normative Data
(Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery)
Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery - November 8, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Akaradech Pitakveerakul, Supoj Kungwan, Preeyaphan Arunakul, Marut Arunakul Source Type: research

Chronic deltoid ligament insufficiency repair with internal brace ™ augmentation
(Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery)
Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery - November 5, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: M.J. Pellegrinis, N. Torres, N.R. Cuchacovich, P. Huertas, G. Mu ñoz, G.M. Carcuro Source Type: research

Managing the open calcaneal fracture: a systematic review
(Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery)
Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery - November 5, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Kimberley E. Spieringss, Minoesch Min, Lynn E. Nooijen, Michael P. Swords, Tim Schepers Tags: Review Source Type: research

Comparison of arthroscopic to open tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis in high-risk patients
(Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery)
Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery - November 5, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Sebastian Felix Baumbach, Felix Ma ßen, Severin Hörterer, Mareen Braunstein, Hazibullah Waizy, Wolfgang Böcker, Hans Polzer Source Type: research

Hindfoot Alignment of Adult Acquired Flatfoot Deformity: A Comparison of Clinical Assessment and Weightbearing Cone Beam CT Examinations
Adult-acquired flatfoot deformity (AFFD) represents a progressive and complex structural deformity of foot [1]. Although Posterior Tibial Tendon (PTT) dysfunction has historically been recognized as the principal culprit leading to collapse of the medial longitudinal arch (MLA) [2], further soft tissue insufficiency and underlying bony deformities have been implicated in the development of AFFD [3,4]. Equinus contracture, spring ligament, interosseous and deltoid ligament attenuation as well as an increased innate valgus angulation of the subtalar joint can predispose to and eventually lead to subtalar joint eversion and s...
Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery - November 5, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Cesar de Cesar Netto, Delaram Shakoor, Lauren Roberts, Apisan Chinanuvathana, Alireza Mousavian, Francois Lintz, Weight Bearing CT International Study Group Source Type: research

Reliability of Distal Tibio-fibular Syndesmotic Instability Measurements Using Weightbearing and Non-weightbearing Cone-Beam CT
(Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery)
Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery - October 30, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Greg M. Osgood, Delaram Shakoor, Jakrapong Orapin, Jianzhong Qin, Iman Khodarahmi, Gaurav K. Thawait, James R.Ficke, Lew C. Schon, Shadpour Demehri Source Type: research

Operative treatment of geriatric ankle fractures with conventional or locking plates. A retrospective case-control study
(Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery)
Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery - October 23, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Ren é Aigner, Philipp Lechler, Christoph Kolja Boese, Steffen Ruchholtz, Michael Frink Source Type: research

Incidence of Hallux Valgus primary surgical treatment. Finnish Nationwide Data From 1997 to 2014
(Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery)
Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery - October 17, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Nikke Partio, Heikki M äenpää, Tuomas Huttunen, Heidi Haapasalo, Heikki-Jussi Laine, Ville M. Mattila Source Type: research

The success rate of First Metatarsophalangeal Joint Lateral Soft Tissue Release through a Medial Transarticular Approach: A Cadaveric Study
(Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery)
Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery - October 17, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Cesar de Cesar Netto, Lauren E. Roberts, Parke William Hudson, Brent Cone, Bahman Sahranavard, Ibukunoluwa Araoye, Ashish Shah Source Type: research

Chevron osteotomy versus scarf osteotomy for hallux valgus correction: a meta-analysis
(Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery)
Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery - October 6, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Qiang Ma, Xiaojun Liang, Jun Lu Source Type: research

Dorsal Suspension for Morton ’s Neuroma: A Comparison with Neurectomy
(Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery)
Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery - October 5, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Jae Hwang Song, Chan Kang, Deuk Soo Hwang, Dong Hun Kang, Yong Hwan Kim Source Type: research

Metal Artifact Reduction MRI for Total Ankle Replacement Sagittal Balance Evaluation
(Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery)
Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery - October 5, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Cesar de Cesare Netto, Lew C. Schon, Lucas Furtado da Fonseca, Apisan Chinanuvathana, Steven E. Stern, Jan Fritz Source Type: research

Creativity of research in Europe
The quality of submitted manuscripts is improving. (Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery)
Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery - October 1, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Kris Buedts Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Magnesium-based bioabsorbable screw fixation for hallux valgus surgery – A suitable alternative to metallic implants
Hallux valgus corrective surgery typically involves an osteotomy to the first metatarsal to correct the deformity along with appropriate soft tissue procedures and additional adjunct osteotomies for adequate correction. Conventionally, stainless steel or titanium metallic implants have been used to fix the osteotomy. Stainless steel and titanium are favoured due to their good mechanical strength, biocompatibility and resistance to corrosion [1]. However, in recent years the use of bioabsorbable implants has been gaining popularity due to some advantages over the conventional metallic implants. (Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery)
Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery - September 22, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Jianrong Tommie Choo, Sean Wei Hong Lai, Camelia Qian Ying Tang, Gowreeson Thevendran Source Type: research

Correlation between three-dimensional medial longitudinal arch joint complex mobility and medial arch angle in stage II posterior tibial tendon dysfunction
(Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery)
Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery - September 12, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Yi-jun Zhang, Jing-yu Du, Bin Chen, Ri-long Jin, Jin-gen Hu, Xiang-jin Lin Source Type: research

The value of axial loading three dimensional (3D) CT as a substitute for full weightbearing (standing) 3D CT : Comparison of reproducibility according to degree of load
(Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery)
Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery - September 12, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Francois Lintz, Cesar de Cesar Netto, Arne Burssens, Alexej Barg, Martinus Richter Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research