Iron intake among Lebanese women: sociodemographic factors, iron-rich dietary patterns, and preparation of hummus, a Mediterranean dish.
The objective was to assess iron intake among Lebanese women and related participant's characteristics, discern iron-rich dietary patterns, evaluate their association with nutrients intake and participant's sociodemographic characteristics, and identify the women preparing hummus traditionally and properly for an enhanced iron bioavailability. Design: A cross-sectional study of 400 Lebanese women (18-74 years old) was conducted in Lebanon. Data from a questionnaire, including sociodemographic and health characteristics, dietary intake, and hummus preparation and consumption, were collected. Dietary data were obtained ...
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - February 23, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Doumani N, Maalouly J, Bou-Maroun E, Sok N, Cayot P, Tueni M Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Nutritional impact of adding a serving of mushrooms to USDA Food Patterns - a dietary modeling analysis.
The objective was to assess the nutritional impact of adding a serving of mushrooms in USDA Food Patterns using a similar approach to that used by USDA for Dietary Guidelines. A composite of commonly consumed raw mushrooms (white, brown/crimini and portabella; at 1:1:1 ratio) and raw speciality mushrooms (oyster mushrooms) were used for modeling. The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Food Data central database (https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/) was used to obtain nutrient profiles of mushrooms. Nutritional profiles of USDAs Food Patterns were obtained from the Scientific Report of the 2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory...
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - February 23, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Agarwal S, Fulgoni Iii VL Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Anti-diabetic effects of the soluble dietary fiber from tartary buckwheat bran in diabetic mice and their potential mechanisms.
Conclusions: The SDF of tartary buckwheat bran exhibits hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic effects in diabetic mice, contributing to the anti-diabetic mechanisms of tartary buckwheat. PMID: 33613154 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - February 23, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Wu W, Li Z, Qin F, Qiu J Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Pentadecanoic acid promotes basal and insulin-stimulated glucose uptake in C2C12 myotubes.
Conclusion: PA, an odd-chain SFA, significantly stimulates glucose uptake via the AMPK-AS160 pathway and exhibits an insulin-sensitizing effect in myotubes. PMID: 33613155 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - February 23, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Fu WC, Li HY, Li TT, Yang K, Chen JX, Wang SJ, Liu CH, Zhang W Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Iron intake among Lebanese women: sociodemographic factors, iron-rich dietary patterns, and preparation of hummus, a Mediterranean dish
The objective was to assess iron intake among Lebanese women and related participant's characteristics, discern iron-rich dietary patterns, evaluate their association with nutrients intake and participant's sociodemographic characteristics, and identify the women preparing hummus traditionally and properly for an enhanced iron bioavailability.DESIGN: A cross-sectional study of 400 Lebanese women (18-74 years old) was conducted in Lebanon. Data from a questionnaire, including sociodemographic and health characteristics, dietary intake, and hummus preparation and consumption, were collected. Dietary data were obtained by a f...
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - February 22, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Nour Doumani Jacqueline Maalouly Elias Bou-Maroun Nicolas Sok Philippe Cayot Maya Tueni Source Type: research

Nutritional impact of adding a serving of mushrooms to USDA Food Patterns - a dietary modeling analysis
The objective was to assess the nutritional impact of adding a serving of mushrooms in USDA Food Patterns using a similar approach to that used by USDA for Dietary Guidelines. A composite of commonly consumed raw mushrooms (white, brown/crimini and portabella; at 1:1:1 ratio) and raw speciality mushrooms (oyster mushrooms) were used for modeling. The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Food Data central database (https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/) was used to obtain nutrient profiles of mushrooms. Nutritional profiles of USDAs Food Patterns were obtained from the Scientific Report of the 2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory...
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - February 22, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Sanjiv Agarwal Victor L Fulgoni Iii Source Type: research

Anti-diabetic effects of the soluble dietary fiber from tartary buckwheat bran in diabetic mice and their potential mechanisms
CONCLUSIONS: The SDF of tartary buckwheat bran exhibits hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic effects in diabetic mice, contributing to the anti-diabetic mechanisms of tartary buckwheat.PMID:33613154 | PMC:PMC7869439 | DOI:10.29219/fnr.v65.4998 (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - February 22, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Weijing Wu Zaigui Li Fei Qin Ju Qiu Source Type: research

Pentadecanoic acid promotes basal and insulin-stimulated glucose uptake in C2C12 myotubes
CONCLUSION: PA, an odd-chain SFA, significantly stimulates glucose uptake via the AMPK-AS160 pathway and exhibits an insulin-sensitizing effect in myotubes.PMID:33613155 | PMC:PMC7869443 | DOI:10.29219/fnr.v65.4527 (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - February 22, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Wen-Cheng Fu Hai-Yan Li Tian-Tian Li Kuo Yang Jia-Xiang Chen Si-Jia Wang Chun-Hui Liu Wen Zhang Source Type: research

Nutrient adequacy of Japanese schoolchildren on days with and without a school lunch by household income.
Authors: Horikawa C, Murayama N, Ishida H, Yamamoto T, Hazano S, Nakanishi A, Arai Y, Nozue M, Yoshioka Y, Saito S, Abe A Abstract Background: Evidence for whether the nutrient intakes of Japanese schoolchildren differ according to household income is sparse. Objective: We investigated the role of school lunches for nutrient adequacy among Japanese primary school children using dietary reference intakes in a cross-sectional survey. Design: Participants were 10- to 11-year-old (5th grade) children from 19 public primary schools in four prefectures of East Japan, and 836 children were analyzed. The participan...
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - January 17, 2021 Category: Nutrition Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Genistein prevents bone loss in type 2 diabetic rats induced by streptozotocin.
Conclusion: Genistein could effectively improve abnormal bone metabolism in STZ-induced diabetic rats; the underlying molecular mechanisms might be related to OPG/RANKL, PPAR-γ, and β-catenin/Runx-2 pathways. PMID: 33447176 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - January 17, 2021 Category: Nutrition Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Lycium barbarum polysaccharide (LBP) inhibits palmitic acid (PA)-induced MC3T3-E1 cell apoptosis by regulating miR-200b-3p/Chrdl1/PPAR γ.
Conclusions: LBPs inhibit PA-induced MC3T3-E1 cell apoptosis by mainly decreasing miR-200b-3p to upregulate Chrdl1, but miR-200b-3p/Chrdl1/PPARγ is not the only mechanism for LBPs protecting osteoblasts from PA. PMID: 33447177 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - January 17, 2021 Category: Nutrition Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

A novel gene, CaATHB-12, negatively regulates fruit carotenoid content under cold stress in Capsicum annuum.
Conclusion: Our research will provide insights into the formation of fruit color in pepper and contribution of CaATHB-12 in response to cold stress. Further study should be focused on the interaction between CaATHB-12 and its target gene. PMID: 33447178 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - January 17, 2021 Category: Nutrition Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Effects of fermented red bean extract on nephropathy in streptozocin-induced diabetic rats.
Conclusion: This study demonstrated that appropriate amount of NRBE, 200 mg/kg BW in rats, could prevent diabetic nephropathy by improving antioxidant status and inhibiting inflammation in renal tissue. PMID: 33447179 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - January 17, 2021 Category: Nutrition Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Associations between dietary carotenoid intakes and the risk of depressive symptoms.
Conclusion: Results suggest that alpha-carotene, beta-carotene, beta-cryptoxanthin, lycopene, lutein with zeaxanthin, and total carotenoid intake may be inversely associated with the risk of depressive symptoms in the U.S. adults. PMID: 33447180 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - January 17, 2021 Category: Nutrition Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Dietary carbohydrate intake in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and diabetes control: a cross-sectional study.
Conclusion: This cross-sectional study showed that dietary CHO intake was high among Saudi patients with type 2 diabetes, and that their daily intake of NSPs was correlated with a lower level of HbA1c. Dietary advice should be given for patients with diabetes to reduce their intake of starchy food such as rice. PMID: 33281534 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - December 8, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Bile salt hydrolase-overexpressing Lactobacillus strains can improve hepatic lipid accumulation in vitro in an NAFLD cell model.
Conclusion: Both L. plantarum AR113 and L. casei pWQH01 appear to improve steatosis in vitro in a BSH-dependent manner. PMID: 33281535 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - December 8, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Acremonium terricola culture plays anti-inflammatory and antioxidant roles by modulating MAPK signaling pathways in rats with lipopolysaccharide-induced mastitis.
Conclusion: Taken together, ATC was shown to exert its anti-inflammatory effect by blocking mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathways. These results demonstrate that ATC exerts anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects in mastitis prevention. PMID: 33281536 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - December 8, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Green tea leaf powder prevents dyslipidemia in high-fat diet-fed mice by modulating gut microbiota.
Conclusion: In summary, our results indicate that green tea leaf powder improves lipid metabolism of HFD-fed mice in a dose-dependent manner. The potential mechanism involves a synergistic role in reprogramming gut microbiota, increasing satiety hormone secretion, and reducing systemic inflammation. PMID: 33281537 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - December 8, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Cyanidin-3-O-glucoside inhibits epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition, and migration and invasion of breast cancer cells by upregulating KLF4.
Conclusion: Cy3G is a potential anticancer reagent as it can inhibit EMT and breast cancer cell migration and invasion by upregulating KLF4. PMID: 33240028 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - November 28, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Chen D, Yuan M, Ye Q, Wang X, Xu J, Shi G, Hu Z Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Effects of paprika carotenoid supplementation on bone turnover in postmenopausal women: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group comparison study.
Conclusion: Our findings suggest that PCE supplementation suppresses bone resorption and contributes to maintaining bone quality in postmenopausal women. PMID: 33240029 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - November 28, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Umigai N, Kozai Y, Saito T, Takara T Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Paeoniflorin attenuates gestational diabetes via Akt/mTOR pathway in a rat model.
Conclusion: Our study suggested that application of paeoniflorin may serve as a potential therapeutical strategy for patients with GDM. PMID: 33240030 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - November 28, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zhang Y, Liang Y, Liu H, Huang Y, Li H, Chen B Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Apoptosis induction activity of polysaccharide from Lentinus edodes in H22-bearing mice through ROS-mediated mitochondrial pathway and inhibition of tubulin polymerization.
Conclusion: Results suggested that the antitumor mechanisms of WEP1 might be related to arresting cell cycle at G2/M phase, inhibiting tubulin polymerization and inducing mitochondrial apoptosis. Therefore, WEP1 possibly could be used as a promising functional food for preventing or treating liver cancer. PMID: 33240031 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - November 28, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zhang Q, Du Z, Zhang Y, Zheng Z, Li Q, Wang K Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Associations between parental food choice motives, health-promoting feeding practices, and infants' fruit and vegetable intakes: the Food4toddlers study.
This study aimed to assess the associations between parental food choice motives and infants' fruit and vegetable intakes and to examine whether parental feeding practices mediated these associations. Design: A total of 298 parents participated in the Norwegian Food4toddlers study. Before the child's first birthday (mean age = 10.9 months), the parents completed an online baseline questionnaire. Five parental food choice motives were assessed: health, convenience, sensory appeal, price, and familiarity. Infants' fruit and vegetable intakes and three health-promoting feeding practices were also assessed. For each food ...
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - November 28, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Røed M, Vik FN, Hillesund ER, Lippevelde WV, Øverby NC Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Antipostmenopausal effects of Stauntonia hexaphylla and Vaccinium bracteatum fruit combination in estrogen-deficient rats.
Conclusion: SHVB improved the symptoms of menopause. These results provide the foundation for developing SHVB as a natural substance to replace hormones in the future. PMID: 33240033 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - November 28, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Lee G, Shin J, Jo A, Lm S, Kim MR, Shoi Y, Yun H, Bae D, Kim J, Choi CY Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Red rice koji extract alleviates hyperglycemia by increasing glucose uptake and glucose transporter type 4 levels in skeletal muscle in two diabetic mouse models.
Conclusion: These results suggest that RRK extract could potentially be a functional food for the treatment of diabetes mellitus. PMID: 33240034 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - November 28, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yagi T, Ataka K, Cheng KC, Suzuki H, Ogata K, Yoshizaki Y, Takamine K, Kato I, Miyawaki S, Inui A, Asakawa A Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Cyclocarya paliurus ethanol leaf extracts protect against diabetic cardiomyopathy in db/db mice via regulating PI3K/Akt/NF- κB signaling.
Conclusion: Our results indicate that ECL treatment can markedly reduce pathological cardiac damage in db/db mice through antiapoptotic, antifibrotic, and anti-inflammatory mechanisms. Specifically, this extract was able to suppress NF-κB activation via the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. Given its diverse activities and lack of significant side effects, ECL may thus have therapeutic value for the treatment of DCM. PMID: 33061882 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - October 20, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Wang Y, Zheng X, Li L, Wang H, Chen K, Xu M, Wu Y, Huang X, Zhang M, Ye X, Xu T, Chen R, Zhu Y Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Isolation, identification, and selection of strains as candidate probiotics and starters for fermentation of Swedish legumes.
Conclusion: Strain isolation and characterization performed in this study aids in selecting starter cultures for legume fermentation. Nutritional properties can be improved by co-fermentation with yeast indicating that novel nutritious fermented non-dairy products could be developed. PMID: 33061883 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - October 20, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Labba IM, Andlid T, Lindgren Å, Sandberg AS, Sjöberg F Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Efficacy of Labisia pumila and Eurycoma longifolia standardised extracts on hot flushes, quality of life, hormone and lipid profile of peri-menopausal and menopausal women: a randomised, placebo-controlled study.
Abstract Background: Interest in herbal medicines and non-hormonal therapies for the treatment of menopausal symptoms has increased since the publication of adverse effects of estrogen replacement therapy. Vasomotor symptoms are the most characteristic and notable symptoms of menopause. Objective: To investigate the changes in the frequency and severity of hot flush and associated vasomotor symptoms experienced by peri-menopausal and menopausal women supplemented with the herbal formulation (Nu-femme™) comprising Labisia pumila (SLP+®) and Eurycoma longifolia (Physta®) or placebo. Design: R...
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - October 20, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Chinnappan SM, George A, Evans M, Anthony J Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Bone loss, low height, and low weight in different populations and district: a meta-analysis between vegans and non-vegans.
Abstract Objective: The aim of this study was to- conduct a meta-analysis of the association of bone mineral density, height, and weight in different populations between vegans and non-vegans. Methods: Based on a search of PubMed, Web of Science, MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library, the Wanfang database, and the CNKI database, 14 relevant publications were collected by two researchers. Review Manager 5.3 and Stata 12.0 software were used for data analysis. Results: The following results were observed in this study: 1) the density of lumbar vertebrae was higher in vegans than in non-vegans (mean difference: -0....
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - October 20, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Li J, Zhou R, Huang W, Wang J Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Cross-sectional analysis of the health profile and dietary intake of a sample of Canadian adults diagnosed with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.
Abstract Background: Dietary intake is an important factor in the development and management of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD); however, optimal dietary composition remains unclear. Moreover, there is minimal evidence on the relationship between dietary intake and markers of liver health in Canadian adults diagnosed with NAFLD. Objective: The aim of this study is to characterize the dietary intake of a sample of Canadian adults diagnosed with NAFLD and examine the correlations with markers of liver health. Design: Forty-two adults recruited from the community and hepatology clinics in Calgary,...
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - October 20, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Aktary ML, Eller LK, Nicolucci AC, Reimer RA Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Marine fish peptides (collagen peptides) compound intake promotes wound healing in rats after cesarean section.
Abstract Background: Wound complications are a major source of morbidity after cesarean section (CS) and contribute to increased risks in subsequent pregnancies. In the present study, we aim to investigate the wound healing potential of a kind of oligopeptide compound, mainly derived from the marine fish peptides (MFPs), in rats after CS by biomechanical, biochemical, and histological methods. Methods: Eighty-four pregnant Sprague-Dawleyrats were randomly assigned to four groups, namely the control group and 1.1, 2.2, and 4.4 mg/kg MFP groups, respectively. The MFPs or normal saline of the equal volume was in...
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - October 20, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Peng X, Xu J, Tian Y, Liu W, Peng B Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Antidiabetic effects of a lipophilic extract obtained from flowers of Wisteria sinensis by activating Akt/GLUT4 and Akt/GSK3 β.
Conclusion: These in vitro and in vivo results indicated that the WS-PE treatment exerted antidiabetic effects by activating Akt/GLUT4 and Akt/GSK3β. PMID: 33061888 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - October 20, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Lv Y, Ren W, Zhang Y, Huang Y, Hao J, Ma K, Ma Y, Yang X Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

High oleic peanuts improve parameters leading to fatty liver development and change the microbiota in mice intestine.
Conclusion: These findings suggest that consumption of peanuts high in oleic acid (D7) may have the potential to delay primary fatty liver symptoms. PMID: 33033472 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - October 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Bimro ET, Hovav R, Nyska A, Glazer TA, Madar Z Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Association between parental feeding practices and shared family meals. The Food4toddlers study.
We present cross-sectional results (baseline) from the Food4toddlers study. In total 298 parents of 1-year-olds, recruited from all over Norway, filled in a questionnaire regarding frequency of shared family meals (breakfast, lunch, dinner) and feeding practices using the validated instrument Comprehensive Feeding Practices Questionnaire. Logistic regression was used to explore the associations between having family meals every day and feeding practices (10 dimensions). Results: The children included were about 11 months old, and 55% were boys. Parents were highly educated. Most children had family breakfast and dinne...
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - September 23, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Øverby NC, Hillesund ER, Røed M, Vik FN Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Effect of dietary oils from various sources on carbohydrate and fat metabolism in mice.
Conclusion: This finding has the potential to increase flexibility in choosing oil types for consumption. PMID: 32952497 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - September 23, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Altberg A, Hovav R, Chapnik N, Madar Z Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

The flavonoid-rich ethanolic extract from the green cocoon shell of silkworm has excellent antioxidation, glucosidase inhibition, and cell protective effects in vitro.
Abstract The green cocoon shell of a novel variety of silkworm, Bombyx mori, is rich in two types of quercetin and kaempferol flavonoids. The aim of this study was to identify these flavonoids in the ethanolic extract (EE) from green cocoons and develop EE applications in healthy foods. The experimental results indicated that the amount of total amino acids in EE was 27.06%. The flavonoids in EE are presented in quercetin and kaempferol glycosides. The total amount of the two aglycones was 33.42 ± 0.08 mg/g. The IC50 values of 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), 1,2'-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sul...
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - September 23, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Wang HY, Zhao JG, Zhang YQ Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Effects of fish oil during hemodialysis on nutritional status and quality of life: a randomized double-blinded trial.
Conclusions: Our study demonstrated that fish oil intake in patient undergoing hemodialysis can significantly reduce PEW, and improve physical and biochemical parameters and quality of life, which could provide guidance to clinical management of these patients. PMID: 32821255 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - August 23, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zhang C, Ge C, Wang J, Sun D Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Low glycemic load after digestion of native starch from the indigenous tuber Belitung Taro (Xanthosoma sagittifolium) in a dynamic in vitro model of the upper GI tract (TIM-1).
Conclusion: In conclusion, native taro starch showed a lower glycemic load than wheat starch and modified taro starch and could be used as a substitute for refined foods by diabetics and people suffering from other glucose metabolic diseases. PMID: 32754009 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - August 13, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Surono IS, Verhoeven J, Venema K Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Soybean protein-derived peptide nutriment increases negative nitrogen balance in burn injury-induced inflammatory stress response in aged rats through the modulation of white blood cells and immune factors.
Conclusions: Nutrient supplementation of SPP can, therefore, be used as an adjuvant treatment to inhibit the development and severity of inflammatory reactions caused by burns, providing a novel therapy for the treatment and positive prognosis of burn patients. PMID: 32694965 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - July 24, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zhang J, Li W, Ying Z, Zhao D, Yi G, Li H, Liu X Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

The Nordic Nutrition Recommendations 2022 - structure and rationale of qualified systematic reviews.
Conclusion: Qualified SRs will be used to inform dietary reference values (DRVs) and food-based dietary guidelines (FBDGs) in the NNR2022 project. PMID: 32612488 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - July 4, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Arnesen EK, Christensen JJ, Andersen R, Eneroth H, Erkkola M, Høyer A, Lemming EW, Meltzer HM, Halldórsson ÞI, Þórsdóttir I, Schwab U, Trolle E, Blomhoff R Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

The Nordic Nutrition Recommendations 2022 - principles and methodologies.
Conclusion: Evidence-informed principles and methodologies underpinned by SRs will ensure that DRVs and FBDGs defined in the NNR2022 project are based on the best available evidence and as far as possible free from overt bias. PMID: 32612489 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - July 4, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Christensen JJ, Arnesen EK, Andersen R, Eneroth H, Erkkola M, Høyer A, Lemming EW, Meltzer HM, Halldórsson ÞI, Þórsdóttir I, Schwab U, Trolle E, Blomhoff R Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Sodium-dependent glucose transporter 1 and glucose transporter 2 mediate intestinal transport of quercetrin in Caco-2 cells.
In this study, we examined whether quercitrin would be absorbed intactly in modeled Caco-2 cells, as well as determined the involvement of sodium-dependent glucose transporter 1 (SGLT1) and glucose transporter 2 (GLUT2) in its transmembrane transport. Design: The first experiment was conducted to examine the uptake of quercitrin into Caco-2 cells 24 h after they were seeded and the second experiment was conducted to determine the transport across the apical and basolateral membrane of Caco-2 cells after they were cultured for 21 days in a Millicell system. Quercitrin was administered at 3, 9, or 18 μg/mL; and the t...
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - July 4, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Li S, Liu J, Li Z, Wang L, Gao W, Zhang Z, Guo C Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Is overnight fresh juice drinkable? The shelf life prediction of non-industrial fresh watermelon juice based on the nutritional quality, microbial safety quality, and sensory quality.
Conclusion: It is a feasible method to predict the shelf life of non-industrial FWJ by this method, and hence to guarantee non-industrial FWJ being drinking with safety and health, and it might be used in many other fresh juice shelf life predictions. PMID: 32612491 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - July 4, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ma T, Wang J, Wang H, Lan T, Liu R, Gao T, Yang W, Zhou Y, Ge Q, Fang Y, Sun X Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

The Nordic Nutrition Recommendations 2022 - handbook for qualified systematic reviews.
Conclusion: All qualified SRs in the NNR2022 project will follow the protocol described here. PMID: 32612492 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - July 4, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Arnesen EK, Christensen JJ, Andersen R, Eneroth H, Erkkola M, Høyer A, Lemming EW, Meltzer HM, Halldórsson ÞI, Þórsdóttir I, Schwab U, Trolle E, Blomhoff R Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

A mushroom diet reduced the risk of pregnancy-induced hypertension and macrosomia: a randomized clinical trial.
Conclusion: An MD could serve as a preventative strategy for lowering the risk of PIH and could control newborn birthweight while reducing comorbidities including gestational weight gain, diabetes etc. PMID: 32577117 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - June 25, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Sun L, Niu Z Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Antiobesity and anti-inflammation effects of Hakka stir-fried tea of different storage years on high-fat diet-induced obese mice model via activating the AMPK/ACC/CPT1 pathway.
Conclusions: These findings demonstrate that HT treatment has a potential protection on high-fat diet-induced obesity mice via activating the AMPK/ACC/CPT1 pathway, and to a certain extent, it has nothing to do with the storage time of three kinds of HT. PMID: 32577118 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - June 25, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Li Q, Lai X, Sun L, Cao J, Ling C, Zhang W, Xiang L, Chen R, Li D, Sun S Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

A 12-week, randomized, double-blind study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of liver function after using fermented ginseng powder (GBCK25).
Conclusion: Our results suggest that GBCK25 supplementation has beneficial effects on liver function. Trial registration: This study was registered at Clinical Trials.gov (NCT03260543). PMID: 32425736 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - May 20, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jung SJ, Hwang JH, Park SH, Choi EK, Ha KC, Baek HI, Shin DG, Seo JH, Chae SW Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

A novel exopolysaccharide produced by Lactobacillus coryniformis NA-3 exhibits antioxidant and biofilm-inhibiting properties in vitro.
Conclusion: These results suggest that EPS-NA3 may be developed as antioxidant and anti-biofilm agents for industrial and clinical applications due to its capacity of scavenging free radicals, inhibition of bacterial biofilm formation, and dispersion of established biofilms. PMID: 32425737 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - May 20, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Xu X, Peng Q, Zhang Y, Tian D, Zhang P, Huang Y, Ma L, Qiao Y, Shi B Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

White sweet potato ameliorates hyperglycemia and regenerates pancreatic islets in diabetic mice.
Conclusions: WSP has antihyperglycemic effects by inducing pancreatic islet regeneration and insulin resistance amelioration. Therefore, WSP has potential applications in dietary diabetes management. PMID: 32425738 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - May 20, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Shih CK, Chen CM, Varga V, Shih LC, Chen PR, Lo SF, Shyur LF, Li SC Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Camellia cake extracts reduce burn injury through suppressing inflammatory responses and enhancing collagen synthesis.
Conclusion: CCEs exert a potent anti-inflammatory effect against burn damage in mice. And toxicological safety experiments suggest that CCEs are safe for usage. PMID: 32425739 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - May 20, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Liu Y, Xiao X, Ji L, Xie L, Wu S, Liu Z Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research