Cyanidin-3-O-glucoside inhibits epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition, and migration and invasion of breast cancer cells by upregulating KLF4.
Conclusion: Cy3G is a potential anticancer reagent as it can inhibit EMT and breast cancer cell migration and invasion by upregulating KLF4. PMID: 33240028 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - November 28, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Chen D, Yuan M, Ye Q, Wang X, Xu J, Shi G, Hu Z Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Effects of paprika carotenoid supplementation on bone turnover in postmenopausal women: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group comparison study.
Conclusion: Our findings suggest that PCE supplementation suppresses bone resorption and contributes to maintaining bone quality in postmenopausal women. PMID: 33240029 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - November 28, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Umigai N, Kozai Y, Saito T, Takara T Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Paeoniflorin attenuates gestational diabetes via Akt/mTOR pathway in a rat model.
Conclusion: Our study suggested that application of paeoniflorin may serve as a potential therapeutical strategy for patients with GDM. PMID: 33240030 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - November 28, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zhang Y, Liang Y, Liu H, Huang Y, Li H, Chen B Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Apoptosis induction activity of polysaccharide from Lentinus edodes in H22-bearing mice through ROS-mediated mitochondrial pathway and inhibition of tubulin polymerization.
Conclusion: Results suggested that the antitumor mechanisms of WEP1 might be related to arresting cell cycle at G2/M phase, inhibiting tubulin polymerization and inducing mitochondrial apoptosis. Therefore, WEP1 possibly could be used as a promising functional food for preventing or treating liver cancer. PMID: 33240031 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - November 28, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zhang Q, Du Z, Zhang Y, Zheng Z, Li Q, Wang K Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Associations between parental food choice motives, health-promoting feeding practices, and infants' fruit and vegetable intakes: the Food4toddlers study.
This study aimed to assess the associations between parental food choice motives and infants' fruit and vegetable intakes and to examine whether parental feeding practices mediated these associations. Design: A total of 298 parents participated in the Norwegian Food4toddlers study. Before the child's first birthday (mean age = 10.9 months), the parents completed an online baseline questionnaire. Five parental food choice motives were assessed: health, convenience, sensory appeal, price, and familiarity. Infants' fruit and vegetable intakes and three health-promoting feeding practices were also assessed. For each food ...
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - November 28, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Røed M, Vik FN, Hillesund ER, Lippevelde WV, Øverby NC Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Antipostmenopausal effects of Stauntonia hexaphylla and Vaccinium bracteatum fruit combination in estrogen-deficient rats.
Conclusion: SHVB improved the symptoms of menopause. These results provide the foundation for developing SHVB as a natural substance to replace hormones in the future. PMID: 33240033 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - November 28, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Lee G, Shin J, Jo A, Lm S, Kim MR, Shoi Y, Yun H, Bae D, Kim J, Choi CY Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Red rice koji extract alleviates hyperglycemia by increasing glucose uptake and glucose transporter type 4 levels in skeletal muscle in two diabetic mouse models.
Conclusion: These results suggest that RRK extract could potentially be a functional food for the treatment of diabetes mellitus. PMID: 33240034 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - November 28, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yagi T, Ataka K, Cheng KC, Suzuki H, Ogata K, Yoshizaki Y, Takamine K, Kato I, Miyawaki S, Inui A, Asakawa A Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Cyclocarya paliurus ethanol leaf extracts protect against diabetic cardiomyopathy in db/db mice via regulating PI3K/Akt/NF- κB signaling.
Conclusion: Our results indicate that ECL treatment can markedly reduce pathological cardiac damage in db/db mice through antiapoptotic, antifibrotic, and anti-inflammatory mechanisms. Specifically, this extract was able to suppress NF-κB activation via the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. Given its diverse activities and lack of significant side effects, ECL may thus have therapeutic value for the treatment of DCM. PMID: 33061882 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - October 20, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Wang Y, Zheng X, Li L, Wang H, Chen K, Xu M, Wu Y, Huang X, Zhang M, Ye X, Xu T, Chen R, Zhu Y Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Isolation, identification, and selection of strains as candidate probiotics and starters for fermentation of Swedish legumes.
Conclusion: Strain isolation and characterization performed in this study aids in selecting starter cultures for legume fermentation. Nutritional properties can be improved by co-fermentation with yeast indicating that novel nutritious fermented non-dairy products could be developed. PMID: 33061883 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - October 20, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Labba IM, Andlid T, Lindgren Å, Sandberg AS, Sjöberg F Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Efficacy of Labisia pumila and Eurycoma longifolia standardised extracts on hot flushes, quality of life, hormone and lipid profile of peri-menopausal and menopausal women: a randomised, placebo-controlled study.
Abstract Background: Interest in herbal medicines and non-hormonal therapies for the treatment of menopausal symptoms has increased since the publication of adverse effects of estrogen replacement therapy. Vasomotor symptoms are the most characteristic and notable symptoms of menopause. Objective: To investigate the changes in the frequency and severity of hot flush and associated vasomotor symptoms experienced by peri-menopausal and menopausal women supplemented with the herbal formulation (Nu-femme™) comprising Labisia pumila (SLP+®) and Eurycoma longifolia (Physta®) or placebo. Design: R...
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - October 20, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Chinnappan SM, George A, Evans M, Anthony J Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Bone loss, low height, and low weight in different populations and district: a meta-analysis between vegans and non-vegans.
Abstract Objective: The aim of this study was to- conduct a meta-analysis of the association of bone mineral density, height, and weight in different populations between vegans and non-vegans. Methods: Based on a search of PubMed, Web of Science, MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library, the Wanfang database, and the CNKI database, 14 relevant publications were collected by two researchers. Review Manager 5.3 and Stata 12.0 software were used for data analysis. Results: The following results were observed in this study: 1) the density of lumbar vertebrae was higher in vegans than in non-vegans (mean difference: -0....
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - October 20, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Li J, Zhou R, Huang W, Wang J Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Cross-sectional analysis of the health profile and dietary intake of a sample of Canadian adults diagnosed with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.
Abstract Background: Dietary intake is an important factor in the development and management of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD); however, optimal dietary composition remains unclear. Moreover, there is minimal evidence on the relationship between dietary intake and markers of liver health in Canadian adults diagnosed with NAFLD. Objective: The aim of this study is to characterize the dietary intake of a sample of Canadian adults diagnosed with NAFLD and examine the correlations with markers of liver health. Design: Forty-two adults recruited from the community and hepatology clinics in Calgary,...
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - October 20, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Aktary ML, Eller LK, Nicolucci AC, Reimer RA Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Marine fish peptides (collagen peptides) compound intake promotes wound healing in rats after cesarean section.
Abstract Background: Wound complications are a major source of morbidity after cesarean section (CS) and contribute to increased risks in subsequent pregnancies. In the present study, we aim to investigate the wound healing potential of a kind of oligopeptide compound, mainly derived from the marine fish peptides (MFPs), in rats after CS by biomechanical, biochemical, and histological methods. Methods: Eighty-four pregnant Sprague-Dawleyrats were randomly assigned to four groups, namely the control group and 1.1, 2.2, and 4.4 mg/kg MFP groups, respectively. The MFPs or normal saline of the equal volume was in...
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - October 20, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Peng X, Xu J, Tian Y, Liu W, Peng B Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Antidiabetic effects of a lipophilic extract obtained from flowers of Wisteria sinensis by activating Akt/GLUT4 and Akt/GSK3 β.
Conclusion: These in vitro and in vivo results indicated that the WS-PE treatment exerted antidiabetic effects by activating Akt/GLUT4 and Akt/GSK3β. PMID: 33061888 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - October 20, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Lv Y, Ren W, Zhang Y, Huang Y, Hao J, Ma K, Ma Y, Yang X Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

High oleic peanuts improve parameters leading to fatty liver development and change the microbiota in mice intestine.
Conclusion: These findings suggest that consumption of peanuts high in oleic acid (D7) may have the potential to delay primary fatty liver symptoms. PMID: 33033472 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - October 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Bimro ET, Hovav R, Nyska A, Glazer TA, Madar Z Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Association between parental feeding practices and shared family meals. The Food4toddlers study.
We present cross-sectional results (baseline) from the Food4toddlers study. In total 298 parents of 1-year-olds, recruited from all over Norway, filled in a questionnaire regarding frequency of shared family meals (breakfast, lunch, dinner) and feeding practices using the validated instrument Comprehensive Feeding Practices Questionnaire. Logistic regression was used to explore the associations between having family meals every day and feeding practices (10 dimensions). Results: The children included were about 11 months old, and 55% were boys. Parents were highly educated. Most children had family breakfast and dinne...
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - September 23, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Øverby NC, Hillesund ER, Røed M, Vik FN Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Effect of dietary oils from various sources on carbohydrate and fat metabolism in mice.
Conclusion: This finding has the potential to increase flexibility in choosing oil types for consumption. PMID: 32952497 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - September 23, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Altberg A, Hovav R, Chapnik N, Madar Z Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

The flavonoid-rich ethanolic extract from the green cocoon shell of silkworm has excellent antioxidation, glucosidase inhibition, and cell protective effects in vitro.
Abstract The green cocoon shell of a novel variety of silkworm, Bombyx mori, is rich in two types of quercetin and kaempferol flavonoids. The aim of this study was to identify these flavonoids in the ethanolic extract (EE) from green cocoons and develop EE applications in healthy foods. The experimental results indicated that the amount of total amino acids in EE was 27.06%. The flavonoids in EE are presented in quercetin and kaempferol glycosides. The total amount of the two aglycones was 33.42 ± 0.08 mg/g. The IC50 values of 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), 1,2'-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sul...
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - September 23, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Wang HY, Zhao JG, Zhang YQ Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Effects of fish oil during hemodialysis on nutritional status and quality of life: a randomized double-blinded trial.
Conclusions: Our study demonstrated that fish oil intake in patient undergoing hemodialysis can significantly reduce PEW, and improve physical and biochemical parameters and quality of life, which could provide guidance to clinical management of these patients. PMID: 32821255 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - August 23, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zhang C, Ge C, Wang J, Sun D Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Low glycemic load after digestion of native starch from the indigenous tuber Belitung Taro (Xanthosoma sagittifolium) in a dynamic in vitro model of the upper GI tract (TIM-1).
Conclusion: In conclusion, native taro starch showed a lower glycemic load than wheat starch and modified taro starch and could be used as a substitute for refined foods by diabetics and people suffering from other glucose metabolic diseases. PMID: 32754009 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - August 13, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Surono IS, Verhoeven J, Venema K Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Soybean protein-derived peptide nutriment increases negative nitrogen balance in burn injury-induced inflammatory stress response in aged rats through the modulation of white blood cells and immune factors.
Conclusions: Nutrient supplementation of SPP can, therefore, be used as an adjuvant treatment to inhibit the development and severity of inflammatory reactions caused by burns, providing a novel therapy for the treatment and positive prognosis of burn patients. PMID: 32694965 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - July 24, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zhang J, Li W, Ying Z, Zhao D, Yi G, Li H, Liu X Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

The Nordic Nutrition Recommendations 2022 - structure and rationale of qualified systematic reviews.
Conclusion: Qualified SRs will be used to inform dietary reference values (DRVs) and food-based dietary guidelines (FBDGs) in the NNR2022 project. PMID: 32612488 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - July 4, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Arnesen EK, Christensen JJ, Andersen R, Eneroth H, Erkkola M, Høyer A, Lemming EW, Meltzer HM, Halldórsson ÞI, Þórsdóttir I, Schwab U, Trolle E, Blomhoff R Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

The Nordic Nutrition Recommendations 2022 - principles and methodologies.
Conclusion: Evidence-informed principles and methodologies underpinned by SRs will ensure that DRVs and FBDGs defined in the NNR2022 project are based on the best available evidence and as far as possible free from overt bias. PMID: 32612489 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - July 4, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Christensen JJ, Arnesen EK, Andersen R, Eneroth H, Erkkola M, Høyer A, Lemming EW, Meltzer HM, Halldórsson ÞI, Þórsdóttir I, Schwab U, Trolle E, Blomhoff R Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Sodium-dependent glucose transporter 1 and glucose transporter 2 mediate intestinal transport of quercetrin in Caco-2 cells.
In this study, we examined whether quercitrin would be absorbed intactly in modeled Caco-2 cells, as well as determined the involvement of sodium-dependent glucose transporter 1 (SGLT1) and glucose transporter 2 (GLUT2) in its transmembrane transport. Design: The first experiment was conducted to examine the uptake of quercitrin into Caco-2 cells 24 h after they were seeded and the second experiment was conducted to determine the transport across the apical and basolateral membrane of Caco-2 cells after they were cultured for 21 days in a Millicell system. Quercitrin was administered at 3, 9, or 18 μg/mL; and the t...
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - July 4, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Li S, Liu J, Li Z, Wang L, Gao W, Zhang Z, Guo C Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Is overnight fresh juice drinkable? The shelf life prediction of non-industrial fresh watermelon juice based on the nutritional quality, microbial safety quality, and sensory quality.
Conclusion: It is a feasible method to predict the shelf life of non-industrial FWJ by this method, and hence to guarantee non-industrial FWJ being drinking with safety and health, and it might be used in many other fresh juice shelf life predictions. PMID: 32612491 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - July 4, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ma T, Wang J, Wang H, Lan T, Liu R, Gao T, Yang W, Zhou Y, Ge Q, Fang Y, Sun X Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

The Nordic Nutrition Recommendations 2022 - handbook for qualified systematic reviews.
Conclusion: All qualified SRs in the NNR2022 project will follow the protocol described here. PMID: 32612492 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - July 4, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Arnesen EK, Christensen JJ, Andersen R, Eneroth H, Erkkola M, Høyer A, Lemming EW, Meltzer HM, Halldórsson ÞI, Þórsdóttir I, Schwab U, Trolle E, Blomhoff R Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

A mushroom diet reduced the risk of pregnancy-induced hypertension and macrosomia: a randomized clinical trial.
Conclusion: An MD could serve as a preventative strategy for lowering the risk of PIH and could control newborn birthweight while reducing comorbidities including gestational weight gain, diabetes etc. PMID: 32577117 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - June 25, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Sun L, Niu Z Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Antiobesity and anti-inflammation effects of Hakka stir-fried tea of different storage years on high-fat diet-induced obese mice model via activating the AMPK/ACC/CPT1 pathway.
Conclusions: These findings demonstrate that HT treatment has a potential protection on high-fat diet-induced obesity mice via activating the AMPK/ACC/CPT1 pathway, and to a certain extent, it has nothing to do with the storage time of three kinds of HT. PMID: 32577118 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - June 25, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Li Q, Lai X, Sun L, Cao J, Ling C, Zhang W, Xiang L, Chen R, Li D, Sun S Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

A 12-week, randomized, double-blind study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of liver function after using fermented ginseng powder (GBCK25).
Conclusion: Our results suggest that GBCK25 supplementation has beneficial effects on liver function. Trial registration: This study was registered at Clinical Trials.gov (NCT03260543). PMID: 32425736 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - May 20, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jung SJ, Hwang JH, Park SH, Choi EK, Ha KC, Baek HI, Shin DG, Seo JH, Chae SW Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

A novel exopolysaccharide produced by Lactobacillus coryniformis NA-3 exhibits antioxidant and biofilm-inhibiting properties in vitro.
Conclusion: These results suggest that EPS-NA3 may be developed as antioxidant and anti-biofilm agents for industrial and clinical applications due to its capacity of scavenging free radicals, inhibition of bacterial biofilm formation, and dispersion of established biofilms. PMID: 32425737 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - May 20, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Xu X, Peng Q, Zhang Y, Tian D, Zhang P, Huang Y, Ma L, Qiao Y, Shi B Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

White sweet potato ameliorates hyperglycemia and regenerates pancreatic islets in diabetic mice.
Conclusions: WSP has antihyperglycemic effects by inducing pancreatic islet regeneration and insulin resistance amelioration. Therefore, WSP has potential applications in dietary diabetes management. PMID: 32425738 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - May 20, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Shih CK, Chen CM, Varga V, Shih LC, Chen PR, Lo SF, Shyur LF, Li SC Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Camellia cake extracts reduce burn injury through suppressing inflammatory responses and enhancing collagen synthesis.
Conclusion: CCEs exert a potent anti-inflammatory effect against burn damage in mice. And toxicological safety experiments suggest that CCEs are safe for usage. PMID: 32425739 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - May 20, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Liu Y, Xiao X, Ji L, Xie L, Wu S, Liu Z Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

The effects of diet on levels of physical activity during winter in forensic inpatients - A randomized controlled trial.
Conclusion: Behavior such as physical activity during winter seemed to be influenced by the diet. PMID: 32180692 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - March 19, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Hansen AL, Ambroziak G, Thornton D, Dahl L, Grung B Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Associations between breastfeeding mode and duration and food neophobia in toddlerhood: A cross-sectional study among Norwegian toddlers.
Conclusion: We found that both being breastfed at 12 months and being exclusively breastfed at 5 months were independently associated with slightly higher food neophobia score at the mean age of 16 months compared to shorter duration of breastfeeding. As the data are derived from a cross-sectional study, these findings should be interpreted with caution. PMID: 32180693 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - March 19, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Øverby NC, Blomkvist EAM, Hillesund ER Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Capsaicin has an anti-obesity effect through alterations in gut microbiota populations and short-chain fatty acid concentrations.
Conclusions: Results from our study indicate that the reduced food intake and anti-obesity effect of CAP had been observed regardless of TRPV1 channel activation, and which is mediated by changes in the gut microbiota populations and SCFAs concentrations. PMID: 32180694 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - March 19, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Wang Y, Tang C, Tang Y, Yin H, Liu X Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Purple sweet potato color protects against hepatocyte apoptosis through Sirt1 activation in high-fat-diet-treated mice.
Conclusion: PSPC protected against HFD-induced hepatic apoptosis by promoting Sirt1- dependent inhibition of p53-apoptotic pathway and facilitation of Akt survival pathway. This study indicates that PSPC is a candidate for nutritional intervention of NAFLD. PMID: 32110174 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - February 29, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Su W, Zhang C, Chen F, Sui J, Lu J, Wang Q, Shan Q, Zheng G, Lu J, Sun C, Fan S, Wu D, Zhang Z, Zheng Y Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Energy and nutrient intakes in relation to National Nutrition Recommendations in a Norwegian population-based sample: the Troms ø Study 2015-16.
Conclusion: Although most participants were in compliance with NNR2012, a large proportion of participants had higher intakes than maximum recommended for saturated fat, and lower than recommended for fiber and vitamin D. PMID: 32082100 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - February 24, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Long-term caloric restriction activates the myocardial SIRT1/AMPK/PGC-1 α pathway in C57BL/6J male mice.
Conclusions: CR improves the SIRT1/AMPK/PGC-1α pathway in mice myocardium with no effect on the mTOR pathway. PMID: 32082101 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - February 23, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ma L, Wang R, Wang H, Zhang Y, Zhao Z Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Prediction model of artificial neural network for the risk of hyperuricemia incorporating dietary risk factors in a Chinese adult study.
Conclusions: This study suggests that the ANN model could be used to predict the risk of HU in Chinese adults. Further prospective studies are needed to improve the accuracy and to generalize the use of model. PMID: 32047420 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - February 13, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zeng J, Zhang J, Li Z, Li T, Li G Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Resveratrol-induced brown fat-like phenotype in 3T3-L1 adipocytes partly via mTOR pathway.
Conclusions: Res induced brown-like adipocyte phenotype in 3T3-L1 adipocytes partly via mTOR pathway, which provided new insights into the utilization of Res to prevent obesity and related comorbidities. PMID: 32047421 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - February 13, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Liu Z, Liao W, Yin X, Zheng X, Li Q, Zhang H, Zheng L, Feng X Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Association of multiple mineral and vitamin B group intake with blood glucose using quantile regression analysis: NHANES 2007-2014.
Conclusions: The intake of calcium, folic acid and magnesium was negatively associated with blood glucose levels in individuals in different quantiles of FPG. Appropriate prevention and treatment strategies should be developed for people with different blood glucose levels. PMID: 31983911 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - January 29, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Groundnut spread likability, sensory properties, and intent to pay for quality certification.
Abstract Quality-certified, nutritious novel groundnut spread has great commercialization possibilities due to evolving urban lifestyles in Africa, but lack of information about likability, sensory attributes, and consumer safety awareness is a severe barrier for small enterprises. This paper examines a novel groundnut spread, made of sorted kernels deemed free of aflatoxin, intended for use on bread in a fashion similar to groundnut paste or groundnut butter, but with modified sensory characteristics. In particular, it seeks to measure the effects of sensory attributes of the novel spread on the intent to pay for...
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - January 29, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Kaya O, Florkowski WJ, Sarpong D, Chinnan MS, Ressurrecion AVA Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Insufficient iodine status in pregnant women as a consequence of dietary changes.
Abstract Background: Historically, Iceland has been an iodine-sufficient nation due to notably high fish and milk consumption. Recent data suggest that the intake of these important dietary sources of iodine has decreased considerably. Objective: To evaluate the iodine status of pregnant women in Iceland and to determine dietary factors associated with risk for deficiency. Methods: Subjects were women (n = 983; 73% of the eligible sample) attending their first ultrasound appointment in gestational weeks 11-14 in the period October 2017-March 2018. Spot urine samples were collected for assessment of urina...
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - January 29, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Adalsteinsdottir S, Tryggvadottir EA, Hrolfsdottir L, Halldorsson TI, Birgisdottir BE, Hreidarsdottir IT, Hardardottir H, Arohonka P, Erlund I, Gunnarsdottir I Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Food and nutrient intake and adherence to dietary recommendations during pregnancy: a Nordic mother-child population-based cohort.
Conclusions: This study highlights the need for improved nutritional guidance to pregnant women across all educational levels. PMID: 31920469 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - January 12, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Nostoc sphaeroids K ütz powder ameliorates diet-induced hyperlipidemia in C57BL/6j mice.
Conclusions: Our results indicate that NO may significantly ameliorate diet-induced hyperlipidemia, which is possibly associated with improving liver lipid metabolism and reducing chronic inflammation. PMID: 31920470 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - January 12, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Comparing nutrient intake and body weight status amongst adolescent substance users, institutionalised abstainers and never users.
Conclusions: Adolescent substance users are at risk of energy and nutrient inadequacy. Misconceptions about body weight are disseminating amongst them. The study findings provide valuable information for frontline workers taking care of young substance users and for institutions providing residential rehabilitation programmes. PMID: 31903091 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - January 8, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Gastrointestinal and metabolic effects of noodles-based konjac glucomannan in rats.
In conclusion, the health-promoting benefits of KGM supplements on glycemic response highly depend on the type of matrix and the dose of KGM. PMID: 31903092 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - January 8, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Antioxidative and antidiabetic effects of germinated rough rice extract in 3T3-L1 adipocytes and C57BLKS/J-db/db mice.
Conclusions: These results suggest that germinated rough rice extract had a beneficial effect on diabetes by increasing the antioxidant activity and further purification studies are necessary to elucidate the mechanism of the extract's antidiabetic activity. PMID: 31839788 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - December 17, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Lee YR, Lee SH, Jang GY, Lee YJ, Kim MY, Kim YB, Lee J, Jeong HS Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Effects of mineral waters on acid-base status in healthy adults: results of a randomized trial.
n A Abstract Background: The 'Western diet' typically consumed in industrialized countries is characterized by high amounts of processed cereal grains and animal products while being low in vegetables, tubers, and fruits. This dietary behavior leads to imbalances of acid-base status in favor of the acids and may cause low-grade metabolic acidosis (LGMA) that is associated with negative effects on health in the long run, including urolithiasis, bone loss, and even cardiometabolic diseases. Therefore, it has become of great interest to find dietary strategies that can be used to neutralize the acid load associated w...
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - December 17, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Wasserfurth P, Schneider I, Ströhle A, Nebl J, Bitterlich N, Hahn A Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Duration of the flaxseed diet promotes deposition of n-3 fatty acids in the meat and skin of Peking ducks.
Conclusion: Overall, we found that increasing the duration of flaxseed diet with vitamin E for more than 10 days had a mild adverse effect on duck's growth performance but enrichedits meat with long-chain PUFA and decreased the n-6 to n-3 ratio, providing quality meat for health-conscious consumers. A period of 20 days is good for producing n-3 enriched Peking duck meat and skin. PMID: 31839790 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - December 17, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Shahid MS, Wu Y, Xiao Z, Raza T, Dong X, Yuan J Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research