Food and nutrient intake and adherence to dietary recommendations during pregnancy: a Nordic mother-child population-based cohort.
Conclusions: This study highlights the need for improved nutritional guidance to pregnant women across all educational levels. PMID: 31920469 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - January 12, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Nostoc sphaeroids K ütz powder ameliorates diet-induced hyperlipidemia in C57BL/6j mice.
Conclusions: Our results indicate that NO may significantly ameliorate diet-induced hyperlipidemia, which is possibly associated with improving liver lipid metabolism and reducing chronic inflammation. PMID: 31920470 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - January 12, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Comparing nutrient intake and body weight status amongst adolescent substance users, institutionalised abstainers and never users.
Conclusions: Adolescent substance users are at risk of energy and nutrient inadequacy. Misconceptions about body weight are disseminating amongst them. The study findings provide valuable information for frontline workers taking care of young substance users and for institutions providing residential rehabilitation programmes. PMID: 31903091 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - January 8, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Gastrointestinal and metabolic effects of noodles-based konjac glucomannan in rats.
In conclusion, the health-promoting benefits of KGM supplements on glycemic response highly depend on the type of matrix and the dose of KGM. PMID: 31903092 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - January 8, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Antioxidative and antidiabetic effects of germinated rough rice extract in 3T3-L1 adipocytes and C57BLKS/J-db/db mice.
Conclusions: These results suggest that germinated rough rice extract had a beneficial effect on diabetes by increasing the antioxidant activity and further purification studies are necessary to elucidate the mechanism of the extract's antidiabetic activity. PMID: 31839788 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - December 17, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Lee YR, Lee SH, Jang GY, Lee YJ, Kim MY, Kim YB, Lee J, Jeong HS Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Effects of mineral waters on acid-base status in healthy adults: results of a randomized trial.
n A Abstract Background: The 'Western diet' typically consumed in industrialized countries is characterized by high amounts of processed cereal grains and animal products while being low in vegetables, tubers, and fruits. This dietary behavior leads to imbalances of acid-base status in favor of the acids and may cause low-grade metabolic acidosis (LGMA) that is associated with negative effects on health in the long run, including urolithiasis, bone loss, and even cardiometabolic diseases. Therefore, it has become of great interest to find dietary strategies that can be used to neutralize the acid load associated w...
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - December 17, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Wasserfurth P, Schneider I, Ströhle A, Nebl J, Bitterlich N, Hahn A Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Duration of the flaxseed diet promotes deposition of n-3 fatty acids in the meat and skin of Peking ducks.
Conclusion: Overall, we found that increasing the duration of flaxseed diet with vitamin E for more than 10 days had a mild adverse effect on duck's growth performance but enrichedits meat with long-chain PUFA and decreased the n-6 to n-3 ratio, providing quality meat for health-conscious consumers. A period of 20 days is good for producing n-3 enriched Peking duck meat and skin. PMID: 31839790 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - December 17, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Shahid MS, Wu Y, Xiao Z, Raza T, Dong X, Yuan J Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Blood biomarkers of various dietary patterns correlated with metabolic indicators in Taiwanese type 2 diabetes.
We examined the relationships among dietary patterns, dietary biomarkers, and metabolic indicators in type 2 diabetes (n = 871). Design: Diabetic patients (n = 871) who provided complete clinical and dietary data in both 2008 and 2009 were selected from a cohort participating in a diabetic control study in Taiwan. Dietary data were obtained using a short, semiquantitative food frequency questionnaires, and dietary pattern identified by factor analysis. Multiple linear regressions were used to analyze the association between dietary biomarkers (ferritin, folate, and erythrocyte n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids [n-3 PUFA...
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - December 7, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Huang MC, Chang CI, Chang WT, Liao YL, Chung HF, Hsu CC, Shin SJ, Lin KD Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Understanding the physicochemical properties and degradation kinetics of nicotinamide riboside, a promising vitamin B3nutritional supplement.
Abstract Nicotinamide riboside (NR), a newly recognised form of vitamin B3 and a precursor to nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+), has been demonstrated to show therapeutic potential and the possibility of becoming a drug compound in addition to its proven role in rejuvenating ageing cells in mice. However, current literature is devoid of information relating to the physicochemical characterisation of NR and its respective impact upon formulation and final product processing. Here we report physicochemical properties of NR including pKa, log P, solubility, melting point, degradation mechanics, and kinetics, w...
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - December 7, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Campbell MTD, Jones DS, Andrews GP, Li S Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Protective effects of curcumin against chronic alcohol-induced liver injury in mice through modulating mitochondrial dysfunction and inhibiting endoplasmic reticulum stress.
Conclusion: Curcumin attenuates alcohol-induced liver injury via improving mitochondrial function and attenuating endoplasmic reticulum stress and inflammation. This study provides strong evidence for the beneficial effects of curcumin in the treatment of chronic alcohol-induced liver injury. PMID: 31762728 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - November 27, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Wang B, Gao X, Liu B, Li Y, Bai M, Zhang Z, Xu E, Xiong Z, Hu Y Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Antiphotoaging effect of boiled abalone residual peptide ATPGDEG on UVB-induced keratinocyte HaCaT cells.
Conclusion and recommendation: Abalone peptide could protect type I procollagen synthesis in UVB-irradiated HaCaT cells, and it is a potential peptide for the treatment of skin photoaging in the future. PMID: 31762729 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - November 27, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Chen J, Liang P, Xiao Z, Chen MF, Gong F, Li C, Zhou C, Hong P, Jung WK, Qian ZJ Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Acute effect of a cod protein hydrolysate on postprandial acylated ghrelin concentration and sensations associated with appetite in healthy subjects: a double-blind crossover trial.
Conclusion: We did not find an effect of a single dose of CPH on postprandial concentrations of acylated ghrelin or sensations related to feeling of hunger, compared to control. Further studies should aim to evaluate the effect of a supplement with CPH given daily over a period of time. PMID: 31692759 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - November 9, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Dale HF, Jensen C, Hausken T, Lied E, Hatlebakk JG, Brønstad I, Hoff DAL, Lied GA Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Sesamol intervention ameliorates obesity-associated metabolic disorders by regulating hepatic lipid metabolism in high-fat diet-induced obese mice.
Conclusions: Sesamol had a positive effect on anti-obesity and ameliorated the metabolic disorders of obese mice. The possible mechanism of sesamol might be the regulation of lipid metabolism in the liver. PMID: 31692782 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - November 9, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Qin H, Xu H, Yu L, Yang L, Lin C, Chen J Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

No correlation among expressed emotion, anxiety, stress and weight loss in patients with overweight and obesity.
Conclusions: Our results seem to suggest that other factors than the psychological ones we investigated may play a role in treatment adherence and outcome in patients with overweight and obesity. PMID: 31645850 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - October 25, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Economic modeling for improved prediction of saving estimates in healthcare costs from consumption of healthy foods: the Mediterranean-style diet case study.
Conclusion: Computational techniques with stochastic parameter inputs, such as the Monte Carlo simulation, could be an effective way of incorporating variability of modeling parameters in nutrition economics studies for improved precision in estimating the monetary value of healthy eating habits. PMID: 31565041 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - October 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jones JPH, Abdullah MMH, Wood D, Jones PJH Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Vegetable but not animal protein intake is associated to a better physical performance: a study on a general population sample of adults.
Discussion and conclusions: Our result suggests a positive role of vegetable proteins on physical performance. Whether this result is related to the high protein intake itself or may be a consequence of the other properties of plant-based foods deserves further investigation. PMID: 31565042 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - October 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Gazzani D, Zamboni F, Spelta F, Ferrari P, Mattioli V, Cazzoletti L, Zanolin E, Tardivo S, Ferrari M Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Pholidonone, an active stilbene derivative from Pholidota cantonensis, exhibits pro-apoptotic effect via induction of endoplasmic reticulum stress in human gastric cancer.
Conclusion: Pholidonone can trigger ER stress-induced apoptosis through PERK and IRE1α signaling pathways. Pholidonone might be a potential naturally occurring antitumor agent. PMID: 31548837 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - September 25, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Liu L, Wang W, Zhao Z, Hu C, Tao L, Zhang X Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Effects of eating breakfast on children and adolescents: A systematic review of potentially relevant outcomes in economic evaluations.
Conclusions: The overall assessment of the studies indicated positive effects of eating breakfast. How the identified effects influence societal costs and an individual's quality-adjusted life years require further research. PMID: 31548838 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - September 25, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Lundqvist M, Vogel NE, Levin LÅ Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Rhus verniciflua leaf extract suppresses obesity in high-fat diet-induced obese mice.
Conclusion: Rv-PEM01-99, containing a quercetin derivative, showed anti-obesity effect in HFD-fed mice. It could therefore be useful as food material and/or nutritional supplement for management of obesity. PMID: 31548839 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - September 25, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Suruga K, Tomita T, Kadokura K, Arai T Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Aronia berry extract inhibits TNF- α-induced vascular endothelial inflammation through the regulation of STAT3.
Conclusion: Aronia berry extract could exert anti-atherosclerotic effects on TNF-α-induced inflammation through inhibition of STAT3/IRF1 pathway in vascular endothelial cells. PMID: 31452653 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - August 29, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Iwashima T, Kudome Y, Kishimoto Y, Saita E, Tanaka M, Taguchi C, Hirakawa S, Mitani N, Kondo K, Iida K Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Establishment of comprehensive quality evaluation model of fresh instant rice.
Conclusion: The AHP combined with factor analysis and cluster analysis can convert a number of quality indexes into a comprehensive quality index, and thus establish the comprehensive quality evaluation model of fresh instant rice, effectively performing the quantitative quality analysis. This model not only provided a scientific basis for the accurate evaluation of fresh instant rice quality, but also laid the foundation for the formulation of fresh instant rice standards in the future. PMID: 31384243 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - August 8, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Meng Q, Zhang S, Yan S, Zhang Z, Wang L, Zhang Y, Guan H Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

New data on nutrient composition in large selection of commercially available seafood products and its impact on micronutrient intake.
Conclusions: These data give valuable insights into seafood products as a source of essential micronutrients and highlight the importance of these products for nutrition and health. PMID: 31360148 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - August 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Aakre I, Næss S, Kjellevold M, Markhus MW, Alvheim AR, Dalane JØ, Kielland E, Dahl L Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Monosodium L-glutamate and fats change free fatty acid concentrations in intestinal contents and affect free fatty acid receptors express profile in growing pigs.
Conclusion: Our results support that MSG and/or fat can alter intestinal luminal FFAs composition and concentration, especially LCFAs, in addition, the expression of FFA receptors in ileum and hypothalamus could be decreased. Moreover, MSG and/or fat can promote protein deposition in back fat, and affect the distribution and metabolism of fatty acids in the body tissues and the body's ability to perceive fatty acids; these results provide a reference for the occurrence of fat deposition and obesity caused by high-fat and monosodium glutamate diet. PMID: 31360149 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - August 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Su Y, Feng Z, He Y, Hong L, Liu G, Li T, Yin Y Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Ethanol extracts of Allium sp. regulate cyclooxygenase-2 and E-cadherin expression in gastric cancer MKN74 cell line and enhance doxorubicin toxicity.
Conclusion: In conclusion, the results indicate the potential application of Allium genus to GC chemoprevention and treatment support through CDH restoration and COX2 downregulation. This issue needs further investigations as it might be used in clinics. PMID: 31297043 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - July 13, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Korga A, Ostrowska M, Iwan M, Skierucha M, Józefczyk A, Pawłowski P, Dudka J, Maciejewski R, Sitarz R Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

A novel polysaccharide from Lentinus edodes mycelia protects MIN6 cells against high glucose-induced damage via the MAPKs and Nrf2 pathways.
Conclusion: The protective effects of LMP against MIN6 cells damage induced by high glucose might rely on the regulation of the MAPK and Nrf2 pathways. These results indicated that LMP had great potential as a therapeutic agent for the treatment of diabetes mellitus. PMID: 31217790 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - June 22, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Cao X, Liu D, Xia Y, Cai T, He Y, Liu J Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Impact of cooking on the antioxidant activity of spice turmeric.
In conclusion, the cooked curcuminoids, including boiled and roasted forms, still have antioxidant and neuroprotective activity. PMID: 31205460 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - June 19, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Sun JL, Ji HF, Shen L Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Effects of ad libitum consumed, low-fat, high-fiber plant-based diet supplemented with plant-based meal replacements on cardiovascular risk factors.
J, Pajek M Abstract Background: Sustainable nutritional strategies to reduce risk factors of cardiovascular diseases are highly needed. Inclusion of meal replacements may increase adherence to plant-based diets (PBDs). Objective: The aim of this study was to test the effects of a transition from a western-type diet to a new nutritional paradigm with a PBD from predominately unrefined whole food sources, eaten ad libitum and including nutrient-enriched plant-based meal replacements twice daily. Design: This was a single-arm, prospective interventional trial for 10 weeks in 36 participants with extension ...
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - June 15, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jakše B, Jakše B, Pajek J, Pajek M Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Salivary proteome and glucose levels are related with sweet taste sensitivity in young adults.
Authors: Rodrigues L, Costa G, Cordeiro C, Pinheiro C, Amado F, Lamy E Abstract Sweet taste plays a critical role in determining food preferences and choices. Similar to what happens for other oral sensations, individuals differ in their sensitivity for sweet taste and these inter-individual differences may be responsible for variations in food acceptance. Despite evidence that saliva plays a role in taste perception, this fluid has been mainly studied in the context of bitterness or astringency. We investigated the possible relationship between sweet taste sensitivity and salivary composition in subjects with diff...
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - June 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Antitumor activity of Lycium barbarum polysaccharides with different molecular weights: an in vitro and in vivo study.
In this study, four water-soluble LBP fractions with serial different molecular weights (MWs) were separated from LBP, designated LBP-2, LBP-3, LBP-4, and LBP-5. After a characteristic analysis, the relationship between MW and antitumor activity of LBP was investigated both in vitro using murine hepatoma H22 cells and in vivo using H22 tumor-bearing mice. In vitro, the results showed that all the LBP fractions had significant inhibition on H22 cells, in which LBP-3 had the best activity. LBP-3 could induce apoptosis, mitochondrial membrane potential destruction, and S phase arrest in H22 cells. In vivo, the results showed ...
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - June 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Inadequate nutrient intakes in Filipino schoolchildren and adolescents are common among those from rural areas and poor families.
Conclusions: Generally, prevalence of inadequacy of key nutrients were relatively high among adolescents and schoolchildren, especially those from poor families and rural areas. This study demonstrated that nutrient intakes of Filipino schoolchildren and adolescents were highly inadequate, particularly among the poor and those living in rural areas. PMID: 31143094 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - May 31, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Angeles-Agdeppa I, Denney L, Toledo MB, Obligar VA, Jacquier EF, Carriquiry AL, Capanzana MV Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Health-related messages in the labeling of processed meat products: a market evaluation.
Conclusion: This work provides information about the presence of health-related messages in a high number of meat products, which could be useful as a tool for marketing purposes or for consumer trends evaluation studies. PMID: 31105508 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - May 22, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ansorena D, Cama S, Alejandre M, Astiasarán I Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

VMP35 MNC, a novel iron-free supplement, enhances cytoprotection against anemia in human subjects: a novel hypothesis.
Conclusion: Overall, the non-iron containing VMP35 can induce improvements in blood properties and potential benefits for subjects even with compromised digestive systems. No adverse events were reported. Further research studies are in progress to explore the mechanistic insight. PMID: 31105509 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - May 22, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Corbier JR, Downs BW, Kushner S, Aloisio T, Bagchi D, Bagchi M Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Pomegranate peel polyphenols inhibits inflammation in LPS-induced RAW264.7 macrophages via the suppression of TLR4/NF- κB pathway activation.
Conclusion: The results indicated that PPPs possess potent anti-inflammatory effect, and PC was the main effective component in PPPs, which provided new insights into the utilization of PPPs to prevent inflammation-associated disorders. PMID: 31073284 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - May 12, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Du L, Li J, Zhang X, Wang L, Zhang W, Yang M, Hou C Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Antioxidant, antimicrobial, and antiproliferative activity-based comparative study of peel and flesh polyphenols from Actinidia chinensis.
Abstract Background: Kiwifruit (Actinidia chinensis) peel has been always considered as useless because of the harsh taste. To promote the full utilization of kiwifruit resources it is essential to explore the nutritional benefits of kiwifruit peel. Objective: Our studies explored the difference in polyphenolic composition and biological activity including antioxidant, antimicrobial, and antiproliferative activity of the flesh and peel of kiwifruit. Design: Antioxidant activity of the extracted polyphenols of the peel and flesh of A. chinensis was checked by 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl, 2,2'-azino-bis3...
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - May 12, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Alim A, Li T, Nisar T, Ren D, Zhai X, Pang Y, Yang X Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Suppressive effect of glycyrrhizic acid against lipopolysaccharide-induced neuroinflammation and cognitive impairment in C57 mice via toll-like receptor 4 signaling pathway.
Conclusion: Our findings suggest that GA may be a therapeutic agent for the treatment of neuroinflammation and cognitive impairment. PMID: 31073286 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - May 12, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Liu W, Huang S, Li Y, Zhang K, Zheng X Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Chrysanthemum extract attenuates hepatotoxicity via inhibiting oxidative stress in vivo and in vitro.
Conclusions: BZE plays an important role in preventing hepatotoxicity by inhibiting oxidative stress and apoptosis through activation of Nrf2 signaling. BZE could be developed as an effective functional food for protecting the liver. PMID: 31024225 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - April 27, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Tian Z, Jia H, Jin Y, Wang M, Kou J, Wang C, Rong X, Xie X, Han G, Pang X Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Bioelectrical impedance vector analysis and phase angle in boys with Duchenne muscular dystrophy.
Conclusion: Based on the evidence, compared with the reference population, patients with DMD had lower levels of body cell mass. This evidence points to bioimpedance parameters as useful tools for the nutritional evaluation and clinical management of patients with DMD. PMID: 31007651 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - April 23, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Nutritional properties and biological activities of kiwifruit (Actinidia) and kiwifruit products under simulated gastrointestinal in vitro digestion.
Conclusion: These results increased our understanding of the nutritional properties of kiwifruit and its products, providing new information and scientific recommendations to consumers for kiwifruit consumption and to producers for kiwifruit production. PMID: 31007652 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - April 23, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Childhood obesity in relation to sweet taste perception and dental caries - a cross-sectional multicenter study.
m P Abstract Background: Obesity is a multifactorial disease that is increasing worldwide and is caused by different environmental and genetic factors, with an increase in the consumption of high-energy-containing food and a decrease in physical activity constituting two of the main reasons. Sweet taste perception may have an effect on the subject's dietary choices and affect his or her predisposition to obesity. Objectives: The aim was to study the sweet taste perception and dental caries in relation to body mass index (BMI) in 13-15-year-old schoolchildren from three different countries and to compare the B...
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - April 19, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ashi H, Campus G, Klingberg G, Forslund HB, Lingström P Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Effect of chronic administration of arachidonic acid on the performance of learning and memory in aged rats.
Conclusions: Our results suggest that though AA deposition in the corticohippocampal tissues of senescent rats caused a faster performance activity, which is reminiscent to hyperactive behavior of animals, the spatial learning ability-related memory of the rats, however, was not improved. PMID: 30941000 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - April 4, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Inoue T, Hashimoto M, Katakura M, Hossain S, Matsuzaki K, Shido O Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Cod protein powder lowered serum nonesterified fatty acids and increased total bile acid concentrations in healthy, lean, physically active adults: a randomized double-blind study.
Conclusion: Eight weeks of daily supplementation with 8.1 g Cod-RP seems to be sufficient to affect lipid metabolism in healthy, lean, physically active adults. PMID: 30890903 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - March 21, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Vildmyren I, Halstensen A, Oterhals Å, Gudbrandsen OA Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Cereal fiber improves blood cholesterol profiles and modulates intestinal cholesterol metabolism in C57BL/6 mice fed a high-fat, high-cholesterol diet.
Conclusion: Taken together, increased intake of cereal fiber improved blood cholesterol profiles and increased the intestinal cholesterol efflux and cholesterol clearance in C57BL/6 mice fed a HFC diet. Oat fiber had a stronger effect than wheat bran fiber on cholesterol metabolism by modulating the PPARα, LXRα, and SREBP signaling pathways. PMID: 30863273 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - March 14, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Han S, Zhang W, Zhang R, Jiao J, Fu C, Tong X, Zhang W, Qin L Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Enhancement of glucose and bone metabolism in ovariectomized rats fed with germinated pigmented rice with giant embryo (Oryza sativa L. cv. Keunnunjami).
Conclusion: Germinated Keunnunjami may have therapeutic potential against hyperglycemia and bone turnover imbalance caused by menopause. PMID: 30863274 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - March 14, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Chung SI, Jin X, Kang MY Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Seasonality in associations between dietary diversity scores and nutrient adequacy ratios among pregnant women in rural Malawi - a cross-sectional study.
Conclusions: Our results suggest that DDS could be used to predict overall nutrient adequacy during the preharvest season. As similar correlations were found using both the 1- and 3-day indicators, we recommend using a 1-day DDS, for simplicity. However, as the indicators are sensitive to seasonality they should be used with care in this study setting. PMID: 30837821 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - March 7, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

The extent, nature, and nutritional quality of foods advertised to children in Lebanon: the first study to use the WHO nutrient profile model for the Eastern Mediterranean Region.
Conclusions: The findings of this study, which is the first to utilize the new WHO EMR profile model, should be viewed as a foundation for the development of food marketing policies aimed at reducing children's exposure to TV food advertisements in Lebanon, a country that harbors a high burden of childhood obesity. PMID: 30814919 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - March 4, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Nasreddine L, Taktouk M, Dabbous M, Melki J Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Role of intestinal microecology in the regulation of energy metabolism by dietary polyphenols and their metabolites.
Conclusion: The intestinal microecology play a crucial role for the regulation of energy metabolism by dietary polyphenols. PMID: 30814920 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - March 4, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Lin S, Wang Z, Lam KL, Zeng S, Tan BK, Hu J Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharide improves rat DSS-induced colitis by altering cecal microbiota and gene expression of colonic epithelial cells.
Conclusions: GLP consumption alleviated DSS-induced colitis and may have potential for ulcerative colitis relief. PMID: 30814921 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - March 4, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Xie J, Liu Y, Chen B, Zhang G, Ou S, Luo J, Peng X Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

In vitro and in vivo antitumour effects of coconut water vinegar on 4T1 breast cancer cells.
Conclusion: Coconut water vinegar is a potential health food ingredient with a chemopreventive effect. PMID: 30814922 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - March 4, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Mohamad NE, Yeap SK, Abu N, Lim KL, Zamberi NR, Nordin N, Sharifuddin SA, Long K, Alitheen NB Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Determinants of dietary diversity among women of reproductive age in two different agro-ecological zones of Rongai Sub-County, Nakuru, Kenya.
Conclusion: The proportion of women who met minimum dietary diversity was low. Although agrobiodiversity was different in the two agro-ecological zones, women's dietary diversity scores were similar. In low agricultural potential areas, only education level influenced women's dietary diversity while household gender, education level, age and family size were the important determinants in high agricultural potential areas. Therefore, it is recommended that nutrition interventions focusing on lessening malnutrition and improving dietary quality should pay special attention to differences in agro-ecological zones to develop r...
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - January 31, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Gitagia MW, Ramkat RC, Mituki DM, Termote C, Covic N, Cheserek MJ Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Corrigendum.
Authors: Abstract [This corrects the article DOI: 10.3402/fnr.v60.33171.]. PMID: 30636950 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - January 16, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research