The Clinical Use of Eyelash Manipulation in the Diagnosis of Demodex Folliculorum Blepharitis
No abstract available (Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice)
Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice - December 18, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Outcomes of Descemet-Stripping Automated Endothelial Keratoplasty in Congenital Hereditary Endothelial Dystrophy
No abstract available (Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice)
Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice - December 18, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Chronic Conjunctivitis From a Retained Contact Lens
Conclusions: Unilateral chronic recurrent or recalcitrant purulent papillary conjunctivitis is rare, and a retained contact lens should be suspected in patients with a history of wearing contact lenses. Careful examination with double eversion of the upper eyelid and sweeping of the fornices can recover the offending lens. Although only Gram-positive organisms have been isolated in previous reports, two of our three cultures grew Gram-negative organisms, highlighting the importance of broad-spectrum antibiotic usage for these cases. (Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice)
Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice - December 18, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Outcomes of Descemet-Stripping Automated Endothelial Keratoplasty in Congenital Hereditary Endothelial Dystrophy
Conclusion: Descemet-stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty is a safe and successful procedure in children with an acceptable graft survival in a mid-term follow-up period. A marked hyperopic shift could occur after DSAEK in children with CHED. (Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice)
Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice - December 18, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Article Source Type: research

Anatomical and Visual Effects of the MyoRing Implantation Measured by the ABCD Keratoconus Grading System
Objective: To assess the anatomical changes produced by implantation of the complete intracorneal ring (MyoRing; DIOPTEX, GmbH, Linz, Austria) on the different corneal anatomical layers as measured by the ABCD keratoconus staging system 6 months after operation. Methods: Seventeen eyes of 17 keratoconic patients implanted with MyoRing using the femtosecond laser were assessed preoperatively and postoperatively. Distance uncorrected visual acuity and distance corrected visual acuity (DCVA), refraction, and Scheimpflug tomography with Pentacam HR were determined for each patient. The 4 ABCD parameters were recorded, whi...
Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice - December 18, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Article Source Type: research

Comparison of Preoperative Parameter Measurements Using an Optical Biometer, Automated Keratometer, and a Placido-Based Topographer Module
Conclusions: The high level of agreement between all devices indicates the instruments may be used interchangeably. Our data suggest that this may also be true for the subset of eyes with greater than or equal to 1 D in astigmatism, highlighting the toric intraocular lens population. (Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice)
Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice - December 18, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Article Source Type: research

Repeatability and Agreement of a Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography–Based Biometer IOLMaster 700 Versus a Scheimpflug Imaging–Based Biometer AL-Scan in Cataract Patients
Conclusions: This study showed significant differences in anterior segment measurement repeatability and agreement between a swept-source biometer and a Scheimpflug biometer in eyes with cataract. (Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice)
Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice - December 18, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Article Source Type: research

Assessment of Ocular Surface in Patients With Ankylosing Spondylitis
Purpose: To evaluate the clinical findings and ocular surface changes in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Methods: This prospective study involved 45 patients with AS (group 1) and 28 healthy subjects (group 2). Patients in group 1 were in the inactive period. The study subjects underwent a complete ophthalmic examination. The right eyes of the subjects in each group were tested for the study including slit-lamp examination, Schirmer I test, tear break-up time (TBUT), conjunctival impression cytology (CIC), and ocular surface disease index (OSDI). Results between the two groups were compared. Results: The...
Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice - December 18, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Article Source Type: research

Does Long-Term Rigid Contact Lens Wear Lead to Acquired Blepharoptosis in Chinese Eyes?
Objectives: To determine whether long-term rigid contact lens wear leads to acquired blepharoptosis and whether its development is affected by lens removal methods. Methods: Ninety rigid contact lens wearers (45 rigid gas permeable [RGP] [15–19 years old] and 45 ortho-k [15–40 years old]) who had worn lenses for at least 2 years and 45 spectacle-wearing controls (15–19 years old) were recruited. Margin reflex distance (MRD) and palpebral fissure height (PFH) were measured both subjectively and objectively, but levator function (LF) could only be measured subjectively. For RGP subjects, measurements w...
Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice - December 18, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Article Source Type: research

Spectrum of Microbial Keratitis Encountered in the Tropics
Conclusion: The commonest predisposing factor for microbial keratitis was trauma. With the nearby oil palm industries, we report a corresponding increase of incidence in fungal keratitis at our center. Culture and sensitivity reports from corneal scrapings are essential in treatment guidance; however, more than a third of the microbial keratitis cases studied were culture-negative. The organisms cultured reflect the profile expected in tropical climates. Fortunately, there was no increase in resistance rates observed for the commonly used antibiotics. (Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice)
Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice - December 18, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Article Source Type: research

A Review on Evidence-Based Treatments for Meibomian Gland Dysfunction
Conclusions: All eight forms of treatments, including self-applied eyelid warming, thermal pulsation, IPL, MG probing, antibiotics, lipid-containing eye drops, and perfluorohexyloctane, were effective against MGD, although with varying extent of clinical improvements. A better understanding on the mechanisms of actions may guide physicians to make better treatment decisions targeting the root causes. (Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice)
Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice - December 18, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Antibiotics and Microbial Keratitis: Do We Need to Test for Resistance?
No abstract available (Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice)
Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice - December 18, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Efficacy and Safety of Conjunctival Cystectomy Using High-Frequency Radiowave Electrosurgery: A Preliminary Report
Conclusions: Conjunctival cystectomy with the adjunctive use of high-frequency radiowave electrosurgery was shown to be effective and safe. (Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice)
Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice - October 30, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Article Source Type: research

Age-Related Conjunctival P2Y2 Receptor Alterations in the Cu, Zn-Superoxide Dismutase-1 (Sod1)–Knockout Dry Eye Model Mice
Conclusion: The tear stability, quantity, and ocular surface health decline with aging as evidenced by the decrease in tear BUT, tear quantity, and the increase in ocular surface staining. Conjunctival P2Y2 receptor mRNA was upregulated from 10 to 50 weeks, which we believe is a compensation for the decline of tear functions with aging. (Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice)
Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice - October 30, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Article Source Type: research

Oxidative Stress and Genotoxicity in Pterygium: A Systemic Investigation
Objectives: To perform a systemic investigation on oxidative stress and DNA damage in patients with primary pterygium. Methods: This prospective cross-sectional study included 32 patients with primary pterygium (60.1±2.0 years of age) and 33 age- and sex-matched (58.8±2.2 years of age) control subjects (P>0.05). A commercial kit was used for measuring serum total oxidant status (TOS) and total antioxidant status (TAS). The comet assay was performed after lymphocyte isolation from venous blood to quantitate DNA damage. Tail length (TL), tail intensity (TI), and tail moment (TM) were used for statistica...
Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice - October 30, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Article Source Type: research

Clinical Features of Pingueculitis Revealed by Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography Findings
Purpose: To investigate clinical features and treatment outcomes of pingueculitis with morphological assessments using anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT). Methods: In this retrospective observational study, we examined 22 eyes of 22 patients with pingueculitis. All patients were treated with the same 2-week course of prednisolone acetate 1% drops four times per day. The clinical parameters evaluated were surface dimensions determined by slitlamp biomicroscopy, cross-sectional dimensions determined by AS-OCT, and symptom scores determined by patient surveys. Pretreatment and 1-month posttreatment va...
Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice - October 30, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Article Source Type: research

Relationship Between Contact Lens and Pinguecula
Conclusion: This is the second study that evaluates the effects of soft CL wearing on pinguecula prevalence. We found that CL wearing does not affect the prevalence of pinguecula. Considering the OSDI scores in patients with pinguecula in the CL group, CL may suppress the irritant symptoms of pinguecula. (Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice)
Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice - October 30, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Article Source Type: research

Factors That Influence the Success of Contact Lens Fitting in Presbyopes: A Multicentric Survey
Objectives: To evaluate the key factors behind successful and unsuccessful wear of contact lenses (CLs) for patients with presbyopia. Method: A multicenter survey was conducted using a questionnaire, in eight CL centers, among two groups of presbyopes: successful wearers (SWs), who were presbyopic and wearing CLs successfully, and unsuccessful wearers (UWs), who tried unsuccessfully to wear CLs to manage their presbyopia and had stopped wearing CLs. Results: A total of 237 completed questionnaires were returned; 178 from SWs and 59 from UWs. Successful wearers used CLs 5.8±1.5 days a week and additional read...
Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice - October 30, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Article Source Type: research

Repeatability of Noninvasive Keratograph 5M Measurements Associated With Contact Lens Wear
Conclusions: Intrarater repeatability of TMH, NIKBUTs, and ocular redness performed by K5M after CL wear remains stable when three measurements are performed. However, intrarater repeatability during CL wear decreased only for NIKBUT average and was not affected by time of use (15 days). (Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice)
Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice - October 30, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Article Source Type: research

Influence of Corneal Topographic Parameters in the Decentration of Orthokeratology
Objective: To investigate the lens decentration (LD) of orthokeratology (ortho-k) and the association between pretreatment corneal topographic parameters and LD of the ortho-k. Methods: Fifty right eyes of 50 myopes wearing ortho-k lenses were included in the prospective study. Corneal topography was conducted pretreatment to get topographic corneal parameters, including flat-K (K1); steep-K (K2); corneal astigmatism (CA), CA at 0 to 3 mm (3 mm-CA), 3 to 5 mm (5 mm-CA), 5 to 7 mm (7 mm-CA); surface asymmetry index (SAI); surface regularity index; the curvature of best-fit sphere; the diameter of cornea (DC); the dista...
Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice - October 30, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Article Source Type: research

Heritability of Corneal Curvature and Pentacam Topometric Indices: A Population-Based Study
Conclusion: The familial aggregation and relatively high heritability of the corneal curvature and some keratoconus-related indices, such as ISV and IVA, confirm a high correlation between these phenotypes and genetic factors and warrant further investigation of the genetic mechanisms in keratoconus. (Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice)
Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice - October 30, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Article Source Type: research

Evaluation of Long-Term Corneal Morphology After Photorefractive Keratectomy by In Vivo Confocal Microscopy and Specular Microscopy; 20-Year Follow-Up
Conclusions: Photorefractive keratectomy in low to moderate myopia seems to be safe and effective method in the long term with preserving corneal morphology (including anterior stromal keratocyte and sub-basal nerve fiber density) and refractive outcomes as shown in this study. In appropriate patients, this method can be considered confidently. (Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice)
Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice - October 30, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Article Source Type: research

Characteristics of Infectious Keratitis in Bandage Contact Lens Wear Patients
Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the characteristics of infectious keratitis in patients wearing bandage contact lenses (BCLs). Methods: The BCL-related infectious keratitis cases were reviewed at the eye center of the Second Affiliated Hospital at the Zhejiang University School of Medicine from January 2015 to August 2018. Detailed information about the patients with infectious keratitis was collected, including the age, gender, clinical characteristics, culture results, and other measures. All the data analyses were performed using IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows version 24.0. Results: From Janua...
Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice - October 30, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Article Source Type: research

Systematic Review on Therapeutic Strategies to Minimize Corneal Stromal Scarring After Injury
Conclusion: There is a need for more robust randomized controlled trials to support treatments using topical corticosteroids and mitomycin C. Furthermore, their clinical efficacy and safety profile should be compared with new treatments that have shown promising results in the laboratory setting. Ultimately, the goal should be to personalize cornea scarring treatment according to the most effective treatment for the specific underlying pathology. (Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice)
Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice - October 30, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Absorption and Extraction of Inflammatory Mediators From Contact Lens Materials
Conclusions: The uptake and extraction of inflammatory mediators from contact lenses was affected by competitive binding between the mediators. (Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice)
Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice - August 28, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Article Source Type: research

Diversity of Ocular Surface Bacterial Microbiome Adherent to Worn Contact Lenses and Bacterial Communities Associated With Care Solution Use
Conclusions: Commensal, environmental, and pathogenic bacteria known to be present in the conjunctival microbiome can be detected on worn contact lenses. Although most contact lenses worn by asymptomatic wearers harbor bacterial DNA, compared with peroxide, lenses stored in a PHMB–preserved MPS have more quantifiable, abundant, and diverse bacterial communities adherent to them. (Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice)
Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice - August 28, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Article Source Type: research

Longitudinal Evaluation of the Progression of Keratoconus Using a Novel Progression Display
Conclusions: Belin progression display parameters may be useful in discriminating progressive from nonprogressive keratoconic eyes. (Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice)
Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice - August 28, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Article Source Type: research

Impact of Corneoscleral Contact Lens Usage on Corneal Biomechanical Parameters in Keratoconic Eyes
Conclusion: The viscoelasticity properties of the cornea did not change significantly when wearing corneoscleral contact lenses for 1 year, and therefore, these lenses seem to be safe and healthy and are a reasonable alternative option for keratoconus management. (Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice)
Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice - August 28, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Article Source Type: research

Treatment Limitations With PROSE (Prosthetic Replacement of the Ocular Surface Ecosystem): One Centers Experience
Conclusion: Although PROSE use has high success, corneal edema secondary to endothelial dysfunction is a potential limitation that may lead to treatment failure. Patients with lower endothelial cell counts after penetrating keratoplasty or with Fuch's dystrophy were more likely to fail treatment. (Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice)
Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice - August 28, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Article Source Type: research

Dry Eye Symptoms May Have Association With Psychological Stress in Medical Students
Purpose: To evaluate the prevalence and risk factors of symptomatic dry eye disease (DED) among medical students. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 209 students at a medical school in Korea. Dry eye symptoms were assessed using a 9-item questionnaire, and DED was defined as having one or more dry eye symptoms often or all the time. The ocular surface disease index (OSDI) and visual analog scale (VAS) questionnaires were also administered to quantify the dry eye symptoms. A survey including demographic data, potential risk factors for DED, personal habits, and psychological stress was also performed. Result...
Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice - August 28, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Article Source Type: research

Postoperative Endophthalmitis Before and After Preferred Utilization of Prophylactic Intracameral Antibiotics for Phacoemulsification Cataract Surgeries at Cole Eye Institute
Conclusions: The use of intracameral antibiotics during cataract surgery was associated with a statistically significant reduction of postoperative endophthalmitis. (Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice)
Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice - August 28, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Article Source Type: research

Contact Lens Versus Non–Contact Lens–Related Corneal Ulcers at an Academic Center
Purpose: To compare the infectious contact lens–related corneal ulcer (CLRU) and non-CLRU cases at Saint Louis University. Methods: Retrospective review of corneal ulcer cases identified by search of the ophthalmology and microbiology department databases between 1999 and 2016. Results: Six hundred seventy-seven cases of corneal ulcers were identified, of which 46% were CLRU. CLRU cases were seen more commonly in younger patients (P2 mm2 in 36% CLRU and 51% non-CLRU (P=0.002). Causative pathogen in cultured CLRU was predominately Pseudomonas species (44%, P (Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice)
Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice - August 28, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Article Source Type: research

The Role of Soft Contact Lens Wear on Meibomian Gland Morphology and Function
Purpose: To evaluate the impact of soft contact lens (CL) wear on the morphology and function of the meibomian glands (MG). Methods: One hundred seventy-three eyes of 87 soft CL wearers and 103 eyes of 55 age-matched healthy volunteers were included into this study. The patients were divided into 3 groups according to the total duration of lens wear: less than 3 years, 3 to 7 years, and more than 7 years. Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) scores, slitlamp biomicroscopy findings, fluorescein staining of the ocular surface, tear film break-up time (BUT), Schirmer I test, and meibography findings were recorded in all p...
Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice - August 28, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Article Source Type: research

Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus Review and Prevention
This article will provide a basic overview of VZV, HZ, and HZO with a focus on preventative measures in an effort to prevent blindness through improving clinician awareness and education. The differences in clinical effectiveness and duration of effectiveness of the live (Zostavax) and recombinant vaccines (Shingrix) are illustrated. There is now a trend toward using the recombinant vaccine as recommended by the Advisory Committee for Immunization Practices (ACIP) for healthy adults 50 or older. (Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice)
Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice - August 28, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

An Update of Eye Shape and Myopia
Abstract: Myopia is one of the most prevalent eye diseases, and its advanced form, high myopia, is a leading cause of subsequent pathologic myopia, which in turn results in an increased risk of retinal diseases. The prevalence of myopia and high myopia is 28.3% and 4.0% of the global population, respectively, and these numbers are estimated to increase to 49.8% for myopia 9.8% for high myopia by 2050, thus making myopia a severe global socioeconomic problem. The eye shape has been receiving increasing attention as a possible biomarker for myopia. Among several modalities, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is currently con...
Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice - August 28, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Central Toxic Keratopathy After Contact Lens Wear and Mechanical Debridement: Clinical Characteristics, and Visual and Corneal Tomographic Outcomes
Conclusions: Central toxic keratopathy is not an exclusive complication of LRS, and it may occur after CL wear and mechanical debridement. Our findings are similar to those of LRS-related CTK and toxic peripheral keratopathy. Awareness of the clinical associations and understanding of the clinical course and tomographic characteristics of CTK helps obviate unnecessary investigation and overtreatment. Further studies are required to elucidate the underlying pathogenesis of this rare clinical entity. (Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice)
Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice - June 27, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

In Response
No abstract available (Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice)
Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice - June 27, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

The Role of Soft Contact Lens Wear on Meibomian Gland Morphology and Function
No abstract available (Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice)
Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice - June 27, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Evaluation of Corneal Morphology in Patients With Hemifacial Spasm
This study was designed as a prospective study. Among patients who applied to our hospital within the past 3-year period, those with HFS in one eye (study eyes) and a completely normal contralateral eye (control eyes) were included in this study. In addition to a complete ophthalmologic examination, all patients were scanned by the Pentacam Scheimpflug camera, and a corneal endothelium cell count was taken using a Topcon Specular Microscope. Also, the thickness of the corneal sublayers was measured on the central cornea with anterior segment module of spectral domain optical coherence tomography. Data entered using SPSS so...
Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice - June 27, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Article Source Type: research

Vision Performance and Accommodative/Binocular Function in Children Wearing Prototype Extended Depth-of-Focus Contact Lenses
Conclusion: Extended depth-of-focus CLs caused minimal disruption to the accommodative and binocular system compared with SV CLs when worn by myopic children. Future EDOF designs for children should reduce the difference between SV for distance vision and vision quality while maintaining the same performance for intermediate and near. (Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice)
Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice - June 27, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Article Source Type: research

Surgical Factors Affecting Changes in Ocular Surface Dynamics in the Early Postoperative Period After 25-Gauge Vitrectomy
Conclusions: We showed associations between ocular surface changes and specific surgical procedures. Caution should be exercised to minimize the effect of surgical procedures on the ocular surface during vitrectomy. (Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice)
Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice - June 27, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Article Source Type: research

Development and Long-Term Evaluation of Ocular Surface Conditions Using Ovariectomized Cynomolgus Monkey
Objectives: We aim to use the ovariectomized cynomolgus monkey to observe the effect of long-term changes of sex hormone levels on ocular surface. Methods: Six healthy adolescent cynomolgus monkeys were randomly assigned to control and experimental groups (n=3/group). Bilateral ovariectomy was performed in experimental group, and sham operation was performed on control animals with their ovaries reserved. The concentrations of serum estradiol and testosterone in cynomolgus monkeys' lower-limb venous were detected by radioimmunoassay before surgery, and at 6, 12, 18, and 24 months after the surgery. Phenol red cotton t...
Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice - June 27, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Article Source Type: research

Impact of Corneal Higher-Order Aberrations on Visual Acuity After Deep Anterior Lamellar Keratoplasty in Treating Keratoconus
Conclusions: Larger corneal HOAs, but not the presence of DM folds, were associated with poor visual acuity after DALK. In treating advanced keratoconus with DALK, it is important to minimize postoperative corneal HOAs, although DALK improves visual acuity by reducing HOAs due to keratoconus. (Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice)
Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice - June 27, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Article Source Type: research

Corneal Sensitivity After Ocular Surgery
Abstract: The cornea is densely innervated with free nerve endings to provide a high level of sensitivity to foreign bodies or noxious substances. They also provide trophic support to the tissues of the cornea and facilitate their repair and replacement. Any reduction in the function of the nerve endings through disease, contact lens wear, or surgery may lead to corneal disease, damage, or reduced healing. Assessment of the corneal nerve function can be made by the use of specialized instruments (aesthesiometers) that stimulate the corneal nerves using different modalities—mechanical, chemical, and thermal. Each mo...
Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice - June 27, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Commonly Held Beliefs About Myopia That Lack a Robust Evidence Base
Conclusion: There are many hypotheses proposed to explain phenomena in the myopia field. Caution should be exercised in adopting conjecture until a robust evidence base is provided in support. (Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice)
Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice - June 27, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

On Seeing Twenty-Twenty
No abstract available (Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice)
Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice - June 27, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Infantile Acute Conjunctivitis Induced by β-Lactamase–Positive Amoxicillin–Clavulanate–Resistant Strain of Haemophilus influenzae: A Report of Three Cases
This study is a retrospectively recruited case series. We report three infants with acute conjunctivitis induced by β-lactamase–positive, ampicillin/clavulanic acid-resistant strains of Haemophilus influenzae (BLPACR). Patients with BLPACR-positive cultures were recruited from among 5,107 patients with inflammatory diseases of the ocular surface who underwent examinations, including bacterial culturing of conjunctival sac or corneal scrapings, between 2000 and 2015. Three BLPACR-positive patients were recruited, including a 10-month-old boy, a 4-month-old girl, and a 7-month-old girl. All three demonstrated BLPA...
Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice - April 26, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

In Response
No abstract available (Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice)
Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice - April 26, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Therapeutic Penetrating Keratoplasty
No abstract available (Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice)
Source: Eye and Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice - April 26, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research