Author ’s correction for Euro Surveill. 2020;25(45)
(Source: Eurosurveillance)
Source: Eurosurveillance - November 19, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Eurosurveillance editorial team Source Type: research

West Nile virus keeps on moving up in Europe
(Source: Eurosurveillance)
Source: Eurosurveillance - November 19, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tam ás Bakonyi and Joana M Haussig Source Type: research

First autochthonous human West Nile virus infections in the Netherlands, July to August 2020
In October 2020, the first case of autochthonous West Nile virus neuroinvasive disease was diagnosed in the Netherlands with a presumed infection in the last week of August. Investigations revealed five more cases of local West Nile virus (WNV) infection. The cases resided in a region where WNV was detected in a bird and mosquitoes in August 2020. Molecular analysis was successful for two cases and identified the presence of WNV lineage 2. (Source: Eurosurveillance)
Source: Eurosurveillance - November 19, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Danique RM Vlaskamp, Steven FT Thijsen, Johan Reimerink, Pieter Hilkens, Willem H Bouvy, Sabine E Bantjes, Bart JM Vlaminckx, Hans Zaaijer, Hans HTC van den Kerkhof, Stijn FH Raven and Chantal BEM Reusken Source Type: research

Virological surveillance of influenza viruses in the WHO European Region in 2019/20 – impact of the COVID-19 pandemic
The COVID-19 pandemic negatively impacted the 2019/20 WHO European Region influenza surveillance. Compared with previous 4-year averages, antigenic and genetic characterisations decreased by 17% (3,140 vs 2,601) and 24% (4,474 vs 3,403). Of subtyped influenza A viruses, 56% (26,477/47,357) were A(H1)pdm09, 44% (20,880/47,357) A(H3). Of characterised B viruses, 98% (4,585/4,679) were B/Victoria. Considerable numbers of viruses antigenically differed from northern hemisphere vaccine components. In 2020/21, maintaining influenza virological surveillance, while supporting SARS-CoV-2 surveillance is crucial. (Source: Eurosurveillance)
Source: Eurosurveillance - November 19, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Angeliki Melidou, Dmitriy Pereyaslov, Olav Hungnes, Katarina Prosenc, Erik Alm, Cornelia Adlhoch, James Fielding, Miriam Sneiderman, Oksana Martinuka, Lucia Pastore Celentano, Richard Pebody and WHO European Region influenza surveillance network Source Type: research

Emergence of carbapenem-resistant ST131 Escherichia coli carrying blaOXA-244 in Germany, 2019 to 2020
We report the first detection of OXA-244-producing ST131 O16:H5Escherichia coli in three patients from two tertiary hospitals in the south-west of Germany. OXA-244 is emerging in Europe. Because of detection challenges, OXA-244-producingE. coli may be under-reported. The emergence of carbapenem resistance in a globally circulating high-risk clone, such as ST131E. coli is of clinical relevance and should be monitored closely. (Source: Eurosurveillance)
Source: Eurosurveillance - November 19, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Sybille Welker, S ébastien Boutin, Thomas Miethke, Klaus Heeg and Dennis Nurjadi Source Type: research

Autochthonous West Nile virus infection outbreak in humans, Leipzig, Germany, August to September 2020
Following a distinct summer heat wave, nine autochthonous cases of West Nile fever and West Nile neuroinvasive disease, including one fatality, were observed in Leipzig, Germany, in August and September 2020. Phylogenetic analysis demonstrated close relationships in viruses from humans, animals and mosquitos in eastern Germany, obtained during the preceding 2 years. The described large cluster of autochthonous West Nile virus infections in Germany indicates endemic seasonal circulation of lineage 2 viruses in the area. (Source: Eurosurveillance)
Source: Eurosurveillance - November 19, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Corinna Pietsch, Dominik Michalski, Johannes M ünch, Sirak Petros, Sandra Bergs, Henning Trawinski, Christoph Lübbert and Uwe G Liebert Source Type: research

Characterising West Nile virus epidemiology in Israel using a transmission suitability index
ConclusionsBy producing a detailed geotemporal estimate of transmission potential and its determinants in Israel, our study promotes a better understanding of WNV epidemiology and has the potential to inform future public health responses. The proposed approach further provides opportunities for retrospective and prospective mechanistic modelling of WNV epidemiology and its associated climatic drivers. (Source: Eurosurveillance)
Source: Eurosurveillance - November 19, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Jos é Lourenço, Robin N Thompson, Julien Thézé and Uri Obolski Source Type: research

Erratum for Euro Surveill. 2020;25(43)
(Source: Eurosurveillance)
Source: Eurosurveillance - November 12, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Eurosurveillance editorial team Source Type: research

Job vacancy at the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC)
(Source: Eurosurveillance)
Source: Eurosurveillance - November 12, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Eurosurveillance editorial team Source Type: research

Note from the editors: Eurosurveillance contributor survey results
(Source: Eurosurveillance)
Source: Eurosurveillance - November 12, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Eurosurveillance editorial team Source Type: research

Will coronavirus disease (COVID-19) have an impact on antimicrobial resistance?
(Source: Eurosurveillance)
Source: Eurosurveillance - November 12, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Dominique L Monnet and Stephan Harbarth Source Type: research

Convalescent plasma for COVID-19: male gender, older age and hospitalisation associated with high neutralising antibody levels, England, 22 April to 12 May 2020
We analysed factors associated with neutralising antibody levels in 330 convalescent plasma donors. Women and younger donors were more likely not to have measurable neutralising antibodies, while higher antibody levels were observed in men, in older donors and in those who had been hospitalised. These data will be of value in the timely recruitment of convalescent plasma donors most likely to have high levels of neutralising antibodies for ongoing studies investigating its effectiveness. (Source: Eurosurveillance)
Source: Eurosurveillance - November 12, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Jennifer Mehew, Rachel Johnson, David Roberts and Heli Harvala Source Type: research

Epidemiological situation, laboratory capacity and preparedness for carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii in Europe, 2019
To update information on the epidemiological situation and national capacity for detection, surveillance and containment of carbapenem-resistantAcinetobacter baumannii (CRAb) in Europe, we performed a survey in 37 countries. Nine countries reported regional or inter-regional spread and seven an endemic situation. Laboratories with a reference function, surveillance systems, and a national containment plan for CRAb existed in 30, 23 and eight countries, respectively. A pan-European molecular survey would provide in-depth understanding of the CRAb epidemiology. (Source: Eurosurveillance)
Source: Eurosurveillance - November 12, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Felix L ötsch, Barbara Albiger, Dominique L. Monnet, Marc J. Struelens, Harald Seifert, Anke Kohlenberg and European Antimicrobial Resistance Genes Surveillance Network (EURGen-Net) carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii capacity survey group Source Type: research

Enabling appropriate use of antibiotics: review of European Union procedures of harmonising product information, 2007 to 2020
ConclusionOur findings highlight the importance of the regulatory actions. The changes made in the product information aim to ensure appropriate use. Ongoing harmonisation activities are likely to lead to further refinements and restrictions on individual antibiotics in support of rational use. However, further research is required to examine the impact of post-referral label changes on the clinical practice. (Source: Eurosurveillance)
Source: Eurosurveillance - November 12, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Aleksandra Opalska, Marcel Kwa, Hubert Leufkens and Helga Gardarsdottir Source Type: research

Rates of increase of antibiotic resistance and ambient temperature in Europe: a cross-national analysis of 28 countries between 2000 and 2016
ConclusionWe found evidence of a long-term effect of ambient minimum temperature on antibiotic resistance rate increases in Europe. Ambient temperature might considerably influence antibiotic resistance growth rates, and explain geographic differences observed in cross-sectional studies. Rising temperatures globally may hasten resistance spread, complicating mitigation efforts. (Source: Eurosurveillance)
Source: Eurosurveillance - November 12, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Sarah F McGough, Derek R MacFadden, Mohammad W Hattab, K åre Mølbak and Mauricio Santillana Source Type: research

Job vacancies at the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC)
(Source: Eurosurveillance)
Source: Eurosurveillance - November 5, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Eurosurveillance editorial team Source Type: research

The cat is out of the bag – point-of-care testing (POCT) is here to stay
(Source: Eurosurveillance)
Source: Eurosurveillance - November 5, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Nick Phin and Susan M Poutanen Source Type: research

Point-of-care tests for influenza A and B viruses and RSV in emergency departments – indications, impact on patient management and possible gains by syndromic respiratory testing, Capital Region, Denmark, 2018
BackgroundPoint-of-care tests (POCT) for influenza A and B viruses and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) were implemented in emergency departments of all hospitals in the Capital Region of Denmark in 2018.AimTo establish whether POC testing for influenza viruses or RSV is based on a valid respiratory symptom indication, whether changes in patient management based on a positive result are safe and whether syndromic POC testing may benefit patients with influenza or RSV.MethodsSamples from 180 children (
Source: Eurosurveillance - November 5, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Uffe Vest Schneider, Mona Katrine Alberthe Holm, Didi Bang, Randi F øns Petersen, Shila Mortensen, Ramona Trebbien and Jan Gorm Lisby Source Type: research

Do point-of-care tests (POCTs) offer a new paradigm for the management of patients with influenza?
The introduction of point-of-care tests (POCTs) has presented new opportunities for the management of patients presenting to healthcare providers with acute respiratory symptoms. This Perspective article is based on the experiences of national infection teams/those managing acute respiratory infections across the United Kingdom in terms of the challenges and opportunities that this may present for public health. This Perspective article was conceived and written pre-coronavirus disease (COVID-19), however the principles we outline here for influenza can also be translated to COVID-19 and some key points are made throughout...
Source: Eurosurveillance - November 5, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Elizabeth M Dickson, Maria Zambon, Richard Pebody, Simon de Lusignan, Alex J Elliot, Joanna Ellis, Angie Lackenby, Gillian Smith and Jim McMenamin Source Type: research

The experience of point-of-care testing for influenza in Scotland in 2017/18 and 2018/19 – no gain without pain
ConclusionThis study has shown an improvement in capture of data from influenza mPOCT and has highlighted issues that need to be addressed for results to be accurately captured in national surveillance. With the clear benefit to patient management we suggest careful consideration should be given to the connectivity aspects of the technology in order to ensure minimal impact on national surveillance. (Source: Eurosurveillance)
Source: Eurosurveillance - November 5, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Elizabeth M Dickson, Diogo FP Marques, Sandra Currie, Annette Little, Kirsty Mangin, Michael Coyne, Arlene Reynolds, Jim McMenamin and David Yirrell Source Type: research

Effects of primary care C-reactive protein point-of-care testing on antibiotic prescribing by general practice staff: pragmatic randomised controlled trial, England, 2016 and 2017
ConclusionsIn routine general practice, CRP POCT use was variable. Non-significant reductions in antibiotic prescribing may reflect small sample size due to non-use of tests. While CRP POCT may be useful, primary care staff need clearer CRP guidance and action planning according to NICE guidance. (Source: Eurosurveillance)
Source: Eurosurveillance - November 5, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Charlotte Victoria Eley, Anita Sharma, Hazel Lee, Andre Charlett, Rebecca Owens and Cliodna Ann Miriam McNulty Source Type: research

Author ’s correction for Euro Surveill. 2020;25(35)
(Source: Eurosurveillance)
Source: Eurosurveillance - October 29, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Eurosurveillance editorial team Source Type: research

Author ’s correction for Euro Surveill. 2020;25(40)
(Source: Eurosurveillance)
Source: Eurosurveillance - October 29, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Eurosurveillance editorial team Source Type: research

The contribution of HIV point-of-care tests in early HIV diagnosis: community-based HIV testing monitoring in Catalonia, 1995 to 2018
ConclusionOur study reinforces the important role that community-based HIV POCT has on the diagnosis of HIV in key populations. (Source: Eurosurveillance)
Source: Eurosurveillance - October 29, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Laura Fern àndez-López, Juliana Reyes-Urueña, Anna Conway, Jorge Saz, Adriana Morales, Jaime Quezadas, Jordi Baroja, Anna Rafel, Ander Pazos, Anna Avellaneda, Mercè Meroño, Lorena Andreo, Lluís Romero, Anna Lara, Araceli Otón, Benet Rifà, Rosa Man Source Type: research

Antimicrobial resistance point-of-care testing for gonorrhoea treatment regimens: cost-effectiveness and impact on ceftriaxone use of five hypothetical strategies compared with standard care in England sexual health clinics
ConclusionsAMR POCT may enable improved antibiotic stewardship, but require net health system investment. A small reduction in test cost would enable monotherapy AMR POCT strategies to be cost-saving. (Source: Eurosurveillance)
Source: Eurosurveillance - October 29, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Emma M Harding-Esch, Susie E Huntington, Michael J Harvey, Georgie Weston, Claire E Broad, Elisabeth J Adams and S Tariq Sadiq Source Type: research

Retrospective analysis on confirmation rates for referred positive rotavirus samples in England, 2016 to 2017: implications for diagnosis and surveillance
ConclusionsThis report highlights high false positive rates with the most commonly used RV screening tests and emphasises the importance of implementing verified confirmatory tests for RV detections. This has implications for clinical diagnosis and national surveillance. (Source: Eurosurveillance)
Source: Eurosurveillance - October 29, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Cristina C Celma, Stuart Beard, Amy Douglas, Shan Wong, Nana-Kwame Osafo, Matthew Hannah, Ashleigh Hale, Gabrielle Huggins, Shamez Ladhani and Jake Dunning Source Type: research

Using rapid point-of-care tests to inform antibiotic choice to mitigate drug resistance in gonorrhoea
ConclusionMutation frequencies and rates should be considered when estimating the POCT usage required to reduce the risk of resistance development in a given population. Molecular POCTs for resistance mutations and stepping-stone mutations to resistance are likely to become important tools in antibiotic stewardship. (Source: Eurosurveillance)
Source: Eurosurveillance - October 29, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Carolin Vegvari, Yonatan H Grad, Peter J White, Xavier Didelot, Lilith K Whittles, Nicole E Scangarella-Oman, Fanny S Mitrani-Gold, Etienne Dumont, Caroline R Perry, Kim Gilchrist, Mohammad Hossain, Tatum D Mortimer, Roy M Anderson and David Gardiner Source Type: research

Erratum for Euro Surveill. 2020;25(41)
(Source: Eurosurveillance)
Source: Eurosurveillance - October 22, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Eurosurveillance editorial team Source Type: research

Job vacancy at the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC)
(Source: Eurosurveillance)
Source: Eurosurveillance - October 22, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Eurosurveillance editorial team Source Type: research

What to expect for the influenza season 2020/21 with the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic in the World Health Organization European Region
(Source: Eurosurveillance)
Source: Eurosurveillance - October 22, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Cornelia Adlhoch and Richard Pebody Source Type: research

Zoonotic infection with swine A/H1avN1 influenza virus in a child, Germany, June 2020
A zoonotic A/sw/H1avN1 1C.2.2 influenza virus infection was detected in a German child that presented with influenza-like illness, including high fever. There was a history of close contact with pigs 3 days before symptom onset. The child recovered within 3 days. No other transmissions were observed. Serological investigations of the virus isolate revealed cross-reactions with ferret antisera against influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus, indicating a closer antigenic relationship with A(H1N1)pdm09 than with the former seasonal H1N1 viruses. (Source: Eurosurveillance)
Source: Eurosurveillance - October 22, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Ralf D ürrwald, Marianne Wedde, Barbara Biere, Djin-Ye Oh, Martina Heßler-Klee, Christian Geidel, Renate Volmer, Anja Maria Hauri, Kai Gerst, Andrea Thürmer, Sandra Appelt, Janine Reiche, Susanne Duwe, Silke Buda, Thorsten Wolff and Walter Haas Source Type: research

A large national outbreak of COVID-19 linked to air travel, Ireland, summer 2020
An outbreak of 59 cases of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) originated with 13 cases linked by a 7 h, 17% occupancy flight into Ireland, summer 2020. The flight-associated attack rate was 9.8–17.8%. Spread to 46 non-flight cases occurred country-wide. Asymptomatic/pre-symptomatic transmission in-flight from a point source is implicated by 99% homology across the virus genome in five cases travelling from three different continents. Restriction of movement on arrival and robust contact tracing can limit propagation post-flight. (Source: Eurosurveillance)
Source: Eurosurveillance - October 22, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Nicola Murphy, M áirín Boland, Niamh Bambury, Margaret Fitzgerald, Liz Comerford, Niamh Dever, Margaret B O’Sullivan, Naomi Petty-Saphon, Regina Kiernan, Mette Jensen and Lois O’Connor Source Type: research

Detection of neutralising antibodies to SARS-CoV-2 to determine population exposure in Scottish blood donors between March and May 2020
ConclusionAlthough blood donors are not representative of the overall population, we demonstrated that serosurveys of blood banks can serve as a useful tool for tracking the emergence and progression of an epidemic such as the SARS-CoV-2 outbreak. (Source: Eurosurveillance)
Source: Eurosurveillance - October 22, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Craig P Thompson, Nicholas E Grayson, Robert S Paton, Jai S Bolton, Jos é Lourenço, Bridget S Penman, Lian N Lee, Valerie Odon, Juthathip Mongkolsapaya, Senthil Chinnakannan, Wanwisa Dejnirattisai, Matthew Edmans, Alex Fyfe, Carol Imlach, Kreepa Kooblal Source Type: research

Antimicrobial susceptibility of Neisseria gonorrhoeae in Barcelona during a five-year period, 2013 to 2017
ConclusionAntimicrobial susceptibility surveillance is important to timely detect new phenotypes and trends. (Source: Eurosurveillance)
Source: Eurosurveillance - October 22, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Paula Salmer ón, Belén Viñado, Rachid El Ouazzani, Marta Hernández, María Jesús Barbera, Mireia Alberny, Mireia Jané, Nieves Larrosa, Tomás Pumarola, Yannick Hoyos-Mallecot and Judit Serra-Pladevall Source Type: research

SARS-CoV-2 antibody prevalence, titres and neutralising activity in an antenatal cohort, United Kingdom, 14 April to 15 June 2020
SARS-CoV-2 IgG screening of 1,000 antenatal serum samples in the Oxford area, United Kingdom, between 14 April and 15 June 2020, yielded a 5.3% seroprevalence, mirroring contemporaneous regional data. Among the 53 positive samples, 39 showed in vitro neutralisation activity, correlating with IgG titre (Pearson’s correlation p
Source: Eurosurveillance - October 22, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Sheila F Lumley, David W Eyre, Anna L McNaughton, Alison Howarth, Sarah Hoosdally, Stephanie B Hatch, James Kavanagh, Kevin K Chau, Louise O Downs, Stuart Cox, Laura Dunn, Anita Justice, Susan Wareing, Kate Dingle, Justine Rudkin, Kathryn Auckland, Alexan Source Type: research

Job vacancies at the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC)
(Source: Eurosurveillance)
Source: Eurosurveillance - October 15, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Eurosurveillance editorial team Source Type: research

Detection of Usutu virus infection in wild birds in the United Kingdom, 2020
In August 2020, as part of a long-term disease surveillance programme, Usutu virus was detected in five Eurasian blackbirds (Turdus merula) and one house sparrow (Passer domesticus) from Greater London, England. This was initially detected by reverse transcription-PCR and was confirmed by virus isolation and by immunohistochemical detection of flavivirus in tissues. Phylogenetic analysis identified Usutu virus African 3.2 lineage, which is prevalent in the Netherlands and Belgium, suggesting a potential incursion from mainland Europe. (Source: Eurosurveillance)
Source: Eurosurveillance - October 15, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Arran J Folly, Becki Lawson, Fabian ZX Lean, Fiona McCracken, Simon Spiro, Shinto K John, Joseph P Heaver, Katharina Seilern-Moy, Nic Masters, Luis M Hern ández-Triana, L Paul Phipps, Alejandro Nuñez, Anthony R Fooks, Andrew A Cunningham, Nicholas Johns Source Type: research

Detection and discrimination of influenza B Victoria lineage deletion variant viruses by real-time RT-PCR
ConclusionCoupling this assay with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Human Influenza Virus Real-Time RT-PCR Diagnostic Panel Influenza B Lineage Genotyping Kit results in rapid detection and characterisation of circulating influenza B viruses. Detailed surveillance information on these distinct influenza B variant viruses will provide insight into their prevalence and geographical distribution and could aid in vaccine recommendations. (Source: Eurosurveillance)
Source: Eurosurveillance - October 15, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Bo Shu, Marie K Kirby, Christine Warnes, Wendy M Sessions, William G Davis, Ji Liu, Malania M Wilson, Stephen Lindstrom, David E Wentworth and John R Barnes Source Type: research

Molecular epidemiological typing of Neisseria gonorrhoeae isolates identifies a novel association between genogroup G10557 (G7072) and decreased susceptibility to cefixime, Germany, 2014 to 2017
BackgroundEmerging antimicrobial resistance (AMR) challenges gonorrhoea treatment and requires surveillance.AimThis observational study describes the genetic diversity ofNeisseria gonorrhoeae isolates in Germany from 2014 to 2017 and identifiesN. gonorrhoeae multi-antigen sequence typing (NG-MAST) genogroups associated with AMR or some patient demographics.Methods1,220 gonococcal isolates underwent AMR testing and NG-MAST. Associations between genogroups and AMR or sex/age of patients were statistically assessed.ResultsPatients’ median age was 32 years (interquartile range: 25–44); 1,078 isolates ...
Source: Eurosurveillance - October 15, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Sebastian Banhart, Klaus Jansen, Susanne Buder, Thalea Tamminga, S ébastien Calvignac-Spencer, Tanja Pilz, Andrea Martini, Sandra Dudareva, Sergejs Nikisins, Kerstin Dehmel, Gabriele Zuelsdorf, Eva Guhl, Ingeborg Graeber, Peter K Kohl, Magnus Unemo, Vivi Source Type: research

Job vacancies at the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC)
(Source: Eurosurveillance)
Source: Eurosurveillance - October 8, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Eurosurveillance editorial team Source Type: research

Job vacancy at Eurosurveillance
(Source: Eurosurveillance)
Source: Eurosurveillance - October 8, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Eurosurveillance editorial team Source Type: research

Detection of West Nile virus in a common whitethroat (Curruca communis) and Culex mosquitoes in the Netherlands, 2020
On 22 August, a common whitethroat in the Netherlands tested positive for West Nile virus lineage 2. The same bird had tested negative in spring. Subsequent testing ofCulex mosquitoes collected in August and early September in the same location generated two of 44 positive mosquito pools, providing first evidence for enzootic transmission in the Netherlands. Sequences generated from the positive mosquito pools clustered with sequences that originate from Germany, Austria and the Czech Republic. (Source: Eurosurveillance)
Source: Eurosurveillance - October 8, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Reina S Sikkema, Maarten Schrama, Tijs van den Berg, Jolien Morren, Emmanuelle Munger, Louie Krol, Jordy G van der Beek, Rody Blom, Irina Chestakova, Anne van der Linden, Marjan Boter, Tjomme van Mastrigt, Richard Molenkamp, Constantianus JM Koenraadt, Ju Source Type: research

Epidemiological parameters of COVID-19 and its implication for infectivity among patients in China, 1 January to 11 February 2020
BackgroundThe natural history of disease in patients infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) remained obscure during the early pandemic.AimOur objective was to estimate epidemiological parameters of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and assess the relative infectivity of the incubation period.MethodsWe estimated the distributions of four epidemiological parameters of SARS-CoV-2 transmission using a large database of COVID-19 cases and potential transmission pairs of cases, and assessed their heterogeneity by demographics, epidemic phase and geographical region. We further calculated the time...
Source: Eurosurveillance - October 8, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Qing-Bin Lu, Yong Zhang, Ming-Jin Liu, Hai-Yang Zhang, Neda Jalali, An-Ran Zhang, Jia-Chen Li, Han Zhao, Qian-Qian Song, Tian-Shuo Zhao, Jing Zhao, Han-Yu Liu, Juan Du, Ai-Ying Teng, Zi-Wei Zhou, Shi-Xia Zhou, Tian-Le Che, Tao Wang, Tong Yang, Xiu-Gang Gu Source Type: research

Out-of-season increase of puerperal fever with group A Streptococcus infection: a case –control study, Netherlands, July to August 2018
We observed an increase in notifications of puerperal group AStreptococcus (GAS) infections in July and August 2018 throughout the Netherlands without evidence for common sources. General practitioners reported a simultaneous increase in impetigo. We hypothesised that the outbreak of puerperal GAS infections resulted from increased exposure via impetigo in the community.We conducted a case–control study to assess peripartum exposure to possible, non-invasive GAS infections using an online questionnaire. Confirmed cases were recruited through public health services while probable cases and controls were recruited thro...
Source: Eurosurveillance - October 8, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Jossy van den Boogaard, Susan JM Hahn é, Margreet JM te Wierik, Mirjam J Knol, Sooria Balasegaram and Brechje de Gier Source Type: research

Authors ’ correction for Euro Surveill. 2020;25(39)
(Source: Eurosurveillance)
Source: Eurosurveillance - October 8, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Eurosurveillance editorial team Source Type: research

Resolved: Expression of concern for Euro Surveill. 2020;25(32)
(Source: Eurosurveillance)
Source: Eurosurveillance - October 1, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Eurosurveillance editorial team Source Type: research

Authors ’ correction for Euro Surveill. 2020;25(32)
(Source: Eurosurveillance)
Source: Eurosurveillance - October 1, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Eurosurveillance editorial team Source Type: research

Autochthonous dengue in two Dutch tourists visiting D épartement Var, southern France, July 2020
We report dengue virus (DENV) infection in two Dutch tourists who visited Département Var, southern France, in July and August 2020. As some autochthonous dengue cases have occurred in Europe in recent years, awareness among physicians and public health experts about possible intermittent presence of DENV in southern Europe is important to minimise delay in diagnosis and treatment. Quick diagnosis can lead to timely action to contain the spread of vector-borne diseases and minimise transmission. (Source: Eurosurveillance)
Source: Eurosurveillance - October 1, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tom D Vermeulen, Johan Reimerink, Chantal Reusken, Sandra Giron and Peter J de Vries Source Type: research

SARS-CoV-2 samples may escape detection because of a single point mutation in the N gene
We found that a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the nucleoprotein gene of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) from a patient interfered with detection in a widely used commercial assay. Some 0.2% of the isolates in the EpiCoV database contain this SNP. Although SARS-CoV-2 was still detected by the other probe in the assay, this underlines the necessity of targeting two independent essential regions of a pathogen for reliable detection. (Source: Eurosurveillance)
Source: Eurosurveillance - October 1, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Katharina Ziegler, Philipp Steininger, Renate Ziegler, J örg Steinmann, Klaus Korn and Armin Ensser Source Type: research

Capturing respiratory syncytial virus season in Belgium using the influenza severe acute respiratory infection surveillance network, season 2018/19
BackgroundRespiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a common cause of severe respiratory illness in young children (
Source: Eurosurveillance - October 1, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Lorenzo Subissi, Nathalie Bossuyt, Marijke Reynders, Mich èle Gérard, Nicolas Dauby, Marc Bourgeois, Bénédicte Delaere, Sophie Quoilin, Steven Van Gucht, Isabelle Thomas and Cyril Barbezange Source Type: research