Editorial board
Publication date: October 2019Source: European Psychiatry, Volume 62Author(s): (Source: European Psychiatry)
Source: European Psychiatry - November 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Diagnostic stability and long-term symptomatic and functional outcomes in first-episode antipsychotic-naïve patients with schizophrenia
ConclusionWe confirm the emerging evidence of a decreasing long-term diagnostic stability of schizophrenia, and a protective role of female sex. The association between premorbid intelligence and symptomatic remission underscores the pertinence of including cognitive deficits in the diagnostic category of schizophrenia. The association between younger age at diagnosis and symptomatic remission may reflect positive effects of early detection or a drift in the interpretation of the diagnostic classification system. (Source: European Psychiatry)
Source: European Psychiatry - October 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Insulin-signaling abnormalities in drug-naïve first-episode schizophrenia: Transduction protein analyses in extracellular vesicles of putative neuronal origin
ConclusionThese findings support the hypothesis of neuronal insulin resistance in DNFES, small sample sizes notwithstanding. The counterintuitive trend towards reduced pS312-IRS-1 in DNFES may result from adaptive feedback mechanisms. The observed changes in insulin signaling could be clinically meaningful as suggested by their association with higher PANSS scores. (Source: European Psychiatry)
Source: European Psychiatry - October 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Associations of psychosis-risk symptoms with quality of life and self-rated health in the Community
ConclusionsWhen present, CHR, in particular basic symptoms are already distressful for individuals of the community and associated with poorer subjective QoL and health. Therefore, the symptoms are clinically relevant by themselves, even when criteria for a CHR state are not fulfilled. Yet, unlike affective and anxiety disorders, CHR symptoms seem to have no long-term influence on QoL and SRH. (Source: European Psychiatry)
Source: European Psychiatry - October 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Family history of alcohol use disorder is associated with brain structural and functional changes in healthy first-degree relatives
ConclusionsFamily history of alcohol use disorder is linked to structural and functional variations including brain regions involved in reward processes. (Source: European Psychiatry)
Source: European Psychiatry - September 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Correlates of current rapid-cycling bipolar disorder: Results from the Italian multicentric RENDiBi study
Publication date: October 2019Source: European Psychiatry, Volume 62Author(s): Massimiliano Buoli, Bruno Mario Cesana, Giuseppe Maina, Andreas Conca, Andrea Fagiolini, Luca Steardo, A. Carlo Altamura, Bernardo Dell’Osso, on behalf of the ISBD Italian Chapter Epidemiologic GroupAbstractBackgroundwe aimed to compare socio-demographic and clinical differences between patients with versus without current RC in order to detect clinical factors that may favor early diagnosis and personalized treatment.MethodsA total of 1675 patients (males: n = 714 and females: n = 961; bipolar 1: n = 1042 and bipolar 2: n =...
Source: European Psychiatry - September 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Trajectories and determinants of functional limitations in late-life depression: A 2-year prospective cohort study
Conclusions1 in 5 depressed older patients have a course with functional recovery. Combining functional and symptomatic recovery points to a subgroup of older patients that might profit from more rigorous psychiatric treatment targeted at psychiatric comorbidity and a group of frail depressed older patients that might profit from integrated geriatric rehabilitation. (Source: European Psychiatry)
Source: European Psychiatry - September 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Electroretinography in psychiatry: A systematic literature review
Publication date: October 2019Source: European Psychiatry, Volume 62Author(s): Peter Youssef, Siddharth Nath, Gary A Chaimowitz, Sebastien S. PratAbstractThis review aims to consolidate the available information on use of electroretinography as a diagnostic tool in psychiatry. The electroretinogram (ERG) has been found to have diagnostic utility in cocaine withdrawal (reduced light-adapted b-wave response), major depressive disorder (reduced contrast gain in pattern ERG), and schizophrenia (reduced a- and b-wave amplitudes). This review examines these findings as well as the applicability of ERG to substance use disorder, ...
Source: European Psychiatry - September 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Accuracy of psychometric tools in the assessment of personality in adolescents and adults requesting gender-affirming treatments: A systematic review
ConclusionThere are no agreed reference standards for this population and psychometric tools continue to be scored on reference data from the cisgender (not transgender) population. We need robust evidence on this issue, as individuals may be denied access to gender affirming treatments based on psychometric tools without established reliability in this population. (Source: European Psychiatry)
Source: European Psychiatry - September 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Association between circulating zinc/ferritin levels and parent Conner’s scores in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
Conclusion, Zinc supplements in adjuvant to the main treatment significantly improved symptoms of ADHD children. However, a combined zinc and iron supplements was superior to zinc alone in alleviating ADHD symptoms as well as IQ improvement. (Source: European Psychiatry)
Source: European Psychiatry - September 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The effect of the Suicide Prevention Program (SPP) on the characteristics of Israeli soldiers who died by suicide after its implementation
Publication date: October 2019Source: European Psychiatry, Volume 62Author(s): Leah Shelef, Ishai Nir, Lucian Tatsa-Laur, Ron Kedem, Niv Gold, Tarif Bader, Ariel Ben YehudaAbstractBackgroundSuicide is major cause of death in the IDF. The Suicide Prevention Program (SPP) led to significant reduction in yearly rates of suicide. A study regarding demographic changes of those who died by suicide was done to further investigate its affect.MethodNested case control retrospective study based on medical and HR data gathered between 1992 and 2016. Participants were divided into four groups: soldiers who died by suicide and non-suic...
Source: European Psychiatry - September 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Atypical antipsychotics for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity disorder- science, art, or fad?
Publication date: October 2019Source: European Psychiatry, Volume 62Author(s): Ahmed Naguy, Mohamed S Hashem, Sulaiman AlKhadhar (Source: European Psychiatry)
Source: European Psychiatry - September 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Perceived discrimination and psychotic experiences in the English general population
ConclusionDifferent forms of discrimination are associated with PEs in the general population. As discrimination is common at the societal level, this highlights the importance of public policy and evidence-based interventions to reduce discrimination and improve population mental health. (Source: European Psychiatry)
Source: European Psychiatry - September 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Transcranial direct current stimulation in patients with obsessive compulsive disorder: A randomized controlled trial
ConclusionDespite significant acute effects, tDCS with the cathode placed over the left OFC and the anode placed over the right cerebellum was not significantly effective in inducing a long-lasting reduction of symptoms in patients with treatment-resistant OCD. (Source: European Psychiatry)
Source: European Psychiatry - September 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Subjective response to antipsychotics in bipolar disorders: A review of a neglected area
ConclusionsThere is an asymmetry between the increase in the use of antipsychotics in BD and the lack of data regarding the SRA. Phenomenologically, SRA in BD is similar to that found in schizophrenic subjects. Some of these symptoms may be misdiagnosed as depressive symptoms. The existing data show that SRA has a strong correlation with treatment compliance as well as a promising way to develop theoretical paradigms for these disorders. (Source: European Psychiatry)
Source: European Psychiatry - September 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Clinical and functional ultra-long-term outcome of patients with a clinical high risk (CHR) for psychosis
ConclusionsOur study shows the need for follow-ups and clinical attention longer than the usual 2–3 years as there are several CHR patients with later transitions and only a minority of CHR those without transition fully recovers. (Source: European Psychiatry)
Source: European Psychiatry - September 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Birth dimensions, severe mental illness and risk of type 2 diabetes in a cohort of Danish men born in 1953
ConclusionsBirth information on birth weight/ponderal index could be of interest in diabetes screening on severe mental ill populations (especially in schizophrenia) since they might play a critical role in the increased risk of type 2 diabetes following severe mental illness. (Source: European Psychiatry)
Source: European Psychiatry - September 9, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Reality-monitoring deficits and visual hallucinations in schizophrenia
This study examined reality-monitoring abilities in two groups of patients with schizophrenia: a group of patients with V + AH (n = 24) and a group of patients with AH only (n = 22). Patients with V + AH were significantly more likely to misremember imagined words as being perceived from an external source, compared to patients with AH only (p = 0.008, d = -0.82). In other words, V + AH patients display a larger externalization bias than patients with AH only. One explanation for these results could be that experiencing hallucinations in two sensory modalities may contribute to increased vividness o...
Source: European Psychiatry - September 9, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Clustering suicides: A data-driven, exploratory machine learning approach
This study aimed to challenge the traditional separation into “violent” and “non-violent” suicides by generating a cluster analysis with a data-driven, machine learning approach. In a retrospective analysis, data on all officially confirmed suicides (N = 77,894) in Austria between 1970 and 2016 were assessed. Based on a defined distance metric between distributions of suicides over age group and month of the year, a standard hierarchical clustering method was performed with the five most frequent suicide methods. In cluster analysis, poisoning emerged as distinct from all other methods – b...
Source: European Psychiatry - September 9, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Stress and cognitive biases in schizotypy: A two-site study of bias against disconfirmatory evidence and jumping to conclusions
Conclusions (JTC), describe how information is selected and weighed under conditions of uncertainty during decision making. It is likely that states such as elevated stress exacerbates JTC and BADE in individuals with high schizotypal traits vulnerable to displaying these information gathering styles. Therefore, we evaluated whether stress and schizotypy interacted to predict these reasoning biases using separate samples from the US (JTC) and England (BADE). Generally speaking, schizotypal traits and stress were not independently associated with dysfunctional reasoning biases. However, across both studies, the interaction ...
Source: European Psychiatry - September 9, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mental health and politics since the eurozone crisis: The role of mental health professionals
Publication date: October 2019Source: European Psychiatry, Volume 62Author(s): Isabel M. PereraAbstractSome of the most immediate health effects of the 2008 economic crisis concerned the mind, not the body. Rates of generalized anxiety, chronic depression, and even suicide spiked in many European societies. This viewpoint highlights the role of mental health professionals in responding to this emergency, and argues that their sustained mobilization is necessary to its long-term resolution. (Source: European Psychiatry)
Source: European Psychiatry - September 9, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Editorial board
Publication date: September 2019Source: European Psychiatry, Volume 61Author(s): (Source: European Psychiatry)
Source: European Psychiatry - September 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The association between childhood maltreatment and eating disorder psychopathology: A mixed-model investigation
Conclusions. Combining the network analysis approach with the mediation analyses provides for the first time a putative hybrid model, which reveals that all CM types converge towards ED symptoms through emotional abuse and that interoceptive awareness and ineffectiveness mediate these connections in people with ANR and BP symptoms, respectively. These findings may have possible implications for both research and treatment of EDs. (Source: European Psychiatry)
Source: European Psychiatry - August 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Altered syntactic abilities in first episode patients: An inner phenomenon characterizing psychosis
This study aims to compare the linguistic abilities involved in syntactic comprehension in a large group of First Episode Psychosis (FEP) patients and healthy controls (HCs).MethodsA multiple choice test of comprehension of syntax was administered to 218 FEP patients (166 non-affective FEP patients [FEP-NA] and 52 affective FEP patients [FEP-A]) and 106 HCs. All participants were asked to match a sentence they listen with one out of four vignettes on a pc screen. Only one vignette represents the stimulus target, while the others are grammatical or non-grammatical (visual) distractors. Both grammatical and non-grammatical e...
Source: European Psychiatry - August 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Standardised description of health and social care: A systematic review of use of the ESMS/DESDE (European Service Mapping Schedule/Description and Evaluation of Services and DirectoriEs)
ConclusionsThe ESMS/DESDE system provides a common terminology, a classification of care services, and a set of tools allowing a variety of aims to be addressed in healthcare and health systems research. It facilitates comparisons across and within countries for evidence-informed planning. (Source: European Psychiatry)
Source: European Psychiatry - August 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Association of CNR1 genotypes with changes in neurocognitive performance after eighteen-month treatment in patients with first-episode psychosis
Publication date: September 2019Source: European Psychiatry, Volume 61Author(s): Martina Rojnic Kuzman, Dina Bosnjak Kuharic, Lana Ganoci, Porin Makaric, Ivana Kekin, Linda Rossini Gajsak, Nikola Prpic, Tamara Bozina, Zarko Bajic, Nada BozinaAbstractIntroductionWe analyzed the association of cannabinoid receptor CNR1 genotypes with changes in neurocognitive performance in patients with first-episode psychosis (FEP) after 18 months of treatment. Our secondary aim was to analyze the association of CNR1 genotypes with changes of perceived levels of stress.MethodsWe enrolled a sample of 159 patients with FEP from two Croatian ...
Source: European Psychiatry - August 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

A new “inside-out” perspective on general factor p
Publication date: September 2019Source: European Psychiatry, Volume 61Author(s): Thomas M. Kelley, William F. Pettit, Jack Pransky, Judith Sedgeman (Source: European Psychiatry)
Source: European Psychiatry - August 6, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Lifestyle behavioural risk factors and emotional functioning among schoolchildren: The Healthy Growth Study
This study aimed to assess the relationships between behavioural lifestyle factors and emotional functioning in a large, population-representative sample of schoolchildren in Greece.MethodsA representative sample of 2,240 schoolchildren, aged 9–13 years, participated in the Healthy Growth Study during 2007–2010. Emotional functioning was measured using the Dartmouth COOP Functional Health Assessment charts/World Organization of Family Doctors Charts. A score of 3 or higher out of 5 indicated poorer emotional functioning. Participants self-reported dietary intake via three 24-h dietary recalls; fruit, vegetable ...
Source: European Psychiatry - August 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Physical performance is more strongly associated with cognition in schizophrenia than psychiatric symptoms
ConclusionsThe present findings demonstrate the relationship between physical performance and neurocognition in patients with schizophrenia. Considering that these factors are modifiable, exercise intervention may help to improve cognitive symptoms in patients with schizophrenia, thereby leading to improvements in function and prognosis. (Source: European Psychiatry)
Source: European Psychiatry - July 24, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Editorial board
Publication date: August 2019Source: European Psychiatry, Volume 60Author(s): (Source: European Psychiatry)
Source: European Psychiatry - July 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Modulation of brain activity with transcranial direct current stimulation: Targeting regions implicated in impaired illness awareness in schizophrenia
ConclusionAlthough single-session tDCS did not improve illness awareness, this pilot study provides mechanistic justification for future investigations to determine if multi-session bi-parietal tDCS can induce sustained changes in brain activity in the PPA in association with improved illness awareness. (Source: European Psychiatry)
Source: European Psychiatry - July 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Eating behaviour, behavioural problems and sensory profiles of children with avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID), autistic spectrum disorders or picky eating: Same or different?
ConclusionsNotable overlap in eating difficulties, behavioural problems and sensory profiles of children with ARFID, ASD or PE, with more severe aberrations in ARFID (food-responsiveness) and ASD (hypersensitivity and social problems) on specific dimensions, argue for a dimensional approach to improve therapy and management of children with these disorders. (Source: European Psychiatry)
Source: European Psychiatry - July 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The economic burden of adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: A sibling comparison cost analysis
ConclusionADHD is associated with considerable costs which are borne by both the individual and the state and underlines the need to consider the wider economic impact of ADHD beyond income and healthcare utilisation costs. (Source: European Psychiatry)
Source: European Psychiatry - July 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Suicide ideation severity is associated with severe suicide attempts in a military setting
ConclusionGreater severity of suicidal ideation was associated with more severe suicide attempts. The combination of male gender, available firearms and current severe suicide ideation is high-risk danger sign in a military setting, even when reported intent to die is low. (Source: European Psychiatry)
Source: European Psychiatry - July 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Lifestyles and the risk of depression in the “Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra” cohort
ConclusionsAdopting a healthy-lifestyle was associated with a lower risk of incident depression in the SUN cohort. This index, including ten simple healthy lifestyle habits, may be useful for a more integrative approach to depression prevention. (Source: European Psychiatry)
Source: European Psychiatry - June 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Olfactory neuroepithelium alterations and cognitive correlates in schizophrenia
Publication date: September 2019Source: European Psychiatry, Volume 61Author(s): Carlo Idotta, Elena Tibaldi, Anna Maria Brunati, Mario Angelo Pagano, Massimiliano Cadamuro, Alessandro Miola, Alessandro Martini, Niccolò Favaretto, Diego Cazzador, Angela Favaro, Chiara Pavan, Giorgio Pigato, Elena Tenconi, Federica Gentili, Carla Cremonese, Igor Bertocci, Marco Solmi, Tommaso ToffaninAbstractBackgroundFew studies have investigated alterations of olfactory neuroepithelium (ONE) as a biomarker of schizophrenia, and none its association with cognitive functioning.MethodFresh ONE cells from twelve patients with schizophr...
Source: European Psychiatry - June 29, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Impulsivity and cognitive distortions in different clinical phenotypes of gambling disorder: Profiles and longitudinal prediction of treatment outcomes
ConclusionsIndividuals with online and strategic GD phenotypes have heightened gambling related biases associated with premature treatment cessation and relapse. Findings suggest that these GD phenotypes may need tailored treatment approaches to reduce specific distortions and impulsive facets. (Source: European Psychiatry)
Source: European Psychiatry - June 29, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

A 12-month prospective study on the time to hospitalization and clinical management of a cohort of bipolar type I and schizoaffective bipolar patients
Publication date: September 2019Source: European Psychiatry, Volume 61Author(s): Andrea Murru, Norma Verdolini, Gerard Anmella, Isabella Pacchiarotti, Ludovic Samalin, Alberto Aedo, Juan Undurraga, José M. Goikolea, Benedikt L Amann, Andre F. Carvalho, Eduard VietaAbstractBackgroundSchizoaffective disorder, bipolar type (SAD) and bipolar disorder I (BD) present a large clinical overlap. In a 1-year follow-up, we aimed to evaluate days to hospitalization (DTH) and predictors of relapse in a SAD-BD cohort of patients.MethodsA 1–year, prospective, naturalistic cohort study considering DTH as primary outcome and i...
Source: European Psychiatry - June 29, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Autistic traits in individuals self-defining as transgender or nonbinary
ConclusionsA proportion of individuals seeking help and advice about gender identity will also present autistic traits and in some cases undiagnosed autism. Lower levels of empathy, diminished theory of mind ability and literalness may impede the delivery of effective support. Clinicians treating transgender and nonbinary individuals, should also consider whether clients, especially those assigned female at birth, have an undiagnosed ASD. (Source: European Psychiatry)
Source: European Psychiatry - June 29, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The bidirectional causal relationships of insomnia with five major psychiatric disorders: A Mendelian randomization study
ConclusionsOur results suggest a causal role of insomnia in autism spectrum disorder and bipolar disorder. Future disease models should include insomnia as a factor for these two disorders to develop effective interventions. More detailed mechanism studies may also be inspired by this causal inference. (Source: European Psychiatry)
Source: European Psychiatry - June 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Computational comparison of conventional and novel electroconvulsive therapy electrode placements for the treatment of depression
Publication date: August 2019Source: European Psychiatry, Volume 60Author(s): Siwei Bai, Donel Martin, Tianruo Guo, Socrates Dokos, Colleen LooAbstractBackgroundElectroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a highly effective treatment for severe psychiatric disorders. Despite its high efficacy, the use of ECT would be greater if the risk of cognitive side effects were reduced. Over the last 20 years, developments in ECT technique, including improvements in the dosing methodology and modification of the stimulus waveform, have allowed for improved treatment methods with reduced adverse cognitive effects. There is increasing evidence ...
Source: European Psychiatry - June 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Latent class analysis identified phenotypes in individuals with schizophrenia spectrum disorder who engage in aggressive behaviour towards others
This study addressed these inconsistencies by applying latent class analysis (LCA) based on the most frequently explored variables in prior research. This novel case-centred methodology identified similarities and differences between the subjects contained in the sample instead of the variables explored. The LCA was performed on 71 variables taken from data on a previously unstudied sample of 370 case histories of offenders with SSD in a centre for inpatient forensic therapies in Switzerland. Results were compared with Hodgins’ theoretically postulated patient typologies and confirm three separate homogeneous classes...
Source: European Psychiatry - June 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The associations between self-reported depression, self-reported chronic inflammatory conditions and cognitive abilities in UK Biobank
This study examined associations between self-reported depression and chronic inflammatory diseases and their interaction with cognitive performance in 456,748 participants of the UK Biobank, adjusting for sociodemographic and lifestyle factors. Numbers with available data ranged from 94,899 to 453,208 depending on the cognitive test.ResultsSelf-reported depression was associated with poorer performance compared to controls in several cognitive tests (fully adjusted models, reaction time: B = 6.08, 95% CI = 5.09, 7.07; pairs matching: incidence rate ratio = 1.02, 95% CI = 1.02,...
Source: European Psychiatry - June 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Editorial board
Publication date: June 2019Source: European Psychiatry, Volume 59Author(s): (Source: European Psychiatry)
Source: European Psychiatry - May 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

How to design psychiatric facilities to foster positive social interaction – A systematic review
Publication date: August 2019Source: European Psychiatry, Volume 60Author(s): Nikolina Jovanović, Justin Campbell, Stefan PriebeAbstractPsychiatric facilities are often criticised of being poorly designed which may contribute to violent incidents and patients’ complaints of feeling bored and lacking meaningful interactions with peers and staff. There is a lack of understanding how to design environments for staff, patients and visitors to engage in positive social interactions (e.g. conversation, sharing, peer support). We conducted a systematic literature review on which architectural typologies and design solution...
Source: European Psychiatry - May 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Developmental trajectories of gambling severity after cognitive-behavioral therapy
ConclusionsOur findings show that patients seeking treatment for GD are heterogeneous and that trends in progress following treatment can be identified considering sociodemographic features, psychopathological state and personality traits. These results could be useful in developing more efficient interventions for GD patients. (Source: European Psychiatry)
Source: European Psychiatry - May 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Association study of polymorphisms within inflammatory genes and methylation status in treatment response in major depression
Publication date: August 2019Source: European Psychiatry, Volume 60Author(s): Metodi Draganov, María Jesús Arranz, Juliana Salazar, Javier de Diego-Adeliño, Cristina Gallego-Fabrega, Míriam Jubero, Mar Carceller-Sindreu, Maria J. PortellaAbstractBackgroundAlthough pharmacogenetics for major depressive disorder (MDD) is gaining momentum, the role of genetics in differences in response to antidepressant treatment is controversial, as they depend on multifactorial and polygenic phenotypes. Previous studies focused on the genes of the serotonergic system, leaving apart other pathological factors suc...
Source: European Psychiatry - May 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

People with severe problematic personality traits and offending histories: What influences occupational participation?
ConclusionsAn intervention to increase prosocial occupational participation should be developed and evaluated for PDOs in the community, taking account of occupational participation over the life course. (Source: European Psychiatry)
Source: European Psychiatry - May 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Associations of major depressive disorder with chronic physical conditions, obesity and medication use: Results from the PISMA-ep study
Publication date: August 2019Source: European Psychiatry, Volume 60Author(s): Margarita Rivera, Alejandro Porras-Segovia, Paula Rovira, Esther Molina, Blanca Gutiérrez, Jorge CervillaAbstractBackgroundLife expectancy of people with depression is on average 15 years less than that of the general population. This excess of mortality is largely attributed to a deteriorated physical health. Evidence about the association between major depressive disorder (MDD) and physical health is still lacking in some areas. The aim of this study was to explore the association between MDD and physical health-related variables in sout...
Source: European Psychiatry - May 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The effects of transcranial direct current stimulation compared to standard bupropion for the treatment of tobacco dependence: A randomized sham-controlled trial
ConclusionsThe 12-week tDCS had a clinically good therapeutic effect on smoking cessation and its dependency. It may be a substitute for bupropion treatment. (Source: European Psychiatry)
Source: European Psychiatry - May 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research