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Eur Neurol (Source: European Neurology)
Source: European Neurology - March 3, 2021 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

The Art of Charcot: An Outstanding Caricaturist
Jean-Martin Charcot is considered the father of modern neurology; alongside his work as a physician, professor, and researcher in this area, he was also artistically gifted with a taste for caricature. This historical note summarizes 8 caricatures by Charcot that exhibit a mixture of humor, satire, irony, and sarcasm.Eur Neurol (Source: European Neurology)
Source: European Neurology - February 16, 2021 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Contents Vol. 83, 2020
Eur Neurol 2020;83:I –VIII (Source: European Neurology)
Source: European Neurology - January 29, 2021 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Increased Number of Perivascular CD20-Positive B Lymphocytes in the Neuropathology of CLIPPERS: Findings of 6 Patients from Mainland China
Conclusion: Our reports highlight the importance of neuropathological examinations when encountering atypical imaging manifestations, such as unilateral and large nodular Gd+ lesions, in order to establish a final diagnosis of CLIPPERS. In addition, the lymphocytic infiltration in the lesions of CLIPPERS may be dominated by CD20+ B cells instead of CD3+ T cells.Eur Neurol (Source: European Neurology)
Source: European Neurology - January 26, 2021 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Effect of Argatroban Injection on Clinical Efficacy in Patients with Acute Cerebral Infarction: Preliminary Findings
Conclusion: Argatroban injection is effective in the treatment of acute cerebral infarction, which can significantly improve the hemorheology of patients with good safety.Eur Neurol (Source: European Neurology)
Source: European Neurology - January 21, 2021 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

The Potential of Neurofilament Light as a Biomarker in Alzheimer ’s Disease
Background: Alzheimer ’s disease (AD) is the most common neurodegenerative disease characterized by progressive memory loss and cognitive impairment. In 2011, the National Institute on Aging and Alzheimer’s Association (NIA-AA) Research Framework has proposed to use biomarkers to diagnose AD in living persons. AD cor e biomarkers show high diagnostic specificity in distinguishing AD from healthy control subjects, but have little additional value for prognosis or stage of disease.Summary: With the update of detection methods and techniques, other AD biomarkers have been discovered. Neurofilament light (NFL) is c...
Source: European Neurology - January 21, 2021 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Botulinum Toxin in WW2 German and Allied Armies: Failures and Myths of Weaponization
Botulinum toxin is nowadays approved as an effective medication for various neurological disorders. The extreme toxicity of this toxin-inducing botulism, a severe lethal muscle-paralyzing illness, has been well known since the seminal works of the end of the 19th century. Because of this toxicity, botulinum toxin was one of the first agents to be considered for use as a biological weapon. The Second World War was a crucial period for the first attempts to weaponize this toxin even if many unknown factors about botulinum toxin still existed at the outbreak of the war. Using documents from the British National Archives and o...
Source: European Neurology - January 20, 2021 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Detection of Epileptic Seizure Using Pretrained Deep Convolutional Neural Network and Transfer Learning
Conclusion: The proposed automatic identification and classification model can help in the early diagnosis of epilepsy, thus providing the opportunity for effective early treatment.Eur Neurol (Source: European Neurology)
Source: European Neurology - January 8, 2021 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Association between Pre-Existing Coronary Artery Disease and 5-Year Mortality in Stroke Patients with High-Grade Carotid Artery Stenosis
Conclusion: Pre-existing CAD was associated with an increased risk of 5-year mortality in acute IS patients with high-grade CAS. Intensive treatment for the pre-existing CAD may reduce long-term mortality in acute IS patients with high-grade CAS.Eur Neurol (Source: European Neurology)
Source: European Neurology - December 23, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Stroke Care in the First Affiliated Hospital of Chengdu Medical College during the COVID-19 Outbreak
Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) has become a pandemic disease globally. The First Affiliated Hospital of Chengdu Medical College has adopted telestroke to make stroke care accessible in remote areas. During the period January 2020 to March 2020, there was no COVID-19 case reported in our stroke center. A significant reduction of stroke admission was observed between the ischemic stroke group (235 vs. 588 cases) and the intracerebral hemorrhage group (136 vs. 150 cases) when compared with the same period last year (p #x3c; 0.001). The mean door-to-needle time (DNT) and door-to-puncture time (DPT) was 62 and 124 min, res...
Source: European Neurology - December 18, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

History of the Concept of Tuberculous Meningitis
This article reviews the writings in Scotland and France that marked the history of the identification of this infectious entity. From John Paisley in 1734 to Robert Whytt in 1738, from Marcellin Chardel in 1799 and L.P. Coll inet in 1802 to Isidore Bricheteau in 1814 and Jean-Louis Brachet in 1818, and then Victor Le Diberder in 1837 and Isidore Valleix in 1838, unknown and forgotten physicians outnumber the famous masters in bringing about the progress and knowledge that enabled this frequent and consistently fatal dis ease in the 19th century to be accurately diagnosed and in most cases cured in the 20th century.Eur Neu...
Source: European Neurology - December 16, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Time Trends in Intracerebral Hemorrhage Associated with Oral Anticoagulation and Its Risks Factors in Spain from 2008 to 2015
Conclusions: The incidence of ICH-OAC is increasing in our country. It might at least be partly explained by aging of the population, with mean age at presentation being higher in the last years.Eur Neurol (Source: European Neurology)
Source: European Neurology - December 15, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Exacerbation Rate in Generalized Myasthenia Gravis and Its Predictors
Conclusion: More than half of newly diagnosed AChR + MG cases experience an exacerbation in the first 6 years. Gender, disease severity at onset and prednisone dose reduction are predictors that could inform clinical practice and future research.Eur Neurol (Source: European Neurology)
Source: European Neurology - December 15, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Comorbidity of Cervical Spondylogenic Myelopathy and Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: When Electromyography Makes the Difference in Diagnosis
Cervical spondylogenic myelopathy (CSM) represents a common differential diagnosis for spinal onset Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS). Identifying occurrence of ALS in patients with CSM may be challenging. We evaluated the accuracy of Awaji criteria in the diagnosis of ALS in a cohort of patients with CSM. We screened all patients attending Turin ALS Center during the 2006 –2018 period. We selected only patients for whom cervical cord MRI showed radiological signs of CSM. All patients underwent electromyography (EMG), and Awaji criteria were used for diagnosis of clinically probable ALS. All patients were followed ...
Source: European Neurology - December 9, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Role of NLRP3 Inflammasomes in Neuroinflammation Diseases
Background: Inflammasomes are large intracellular multi-protein signaling complexes that are formed in the cytosolic compartment as an inflammatory immune response to endogenous danger signals. The formation of the inflammasome enables activation of an inflammatory protease caspase-1 and pyroptosis initiation with the subsequent cleaving of the pro-inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-1 β and proIL-18 to produce active forms. The inflammasome complex consists of a nod-like receptor, the adapter apoptosis-associated speck-like protein, and caspase-1. Dysregulation of NLRP3 inflammasome activation is involved in neur...
Source: European Neurology - November 17, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Treatment of Cognitive Impairment and the Role of Demographic Factors in Disease Progression: The Final Results of the Russian Observational Program “DIAMANT”
Conclusions: In the study, we observed the efficacy of Divaza for the treatment of CD: a therapy contributed to an increase in the mean MoCA score and the positive dynamics in the number of patients with cognitive improvement.Eur Neurol (Source: European Neurology)
Source: European Neurology - November 17, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

PREvention of VENous Thromboembolism in Hemorrhagic Stroke Patients – PREVENTIHS Study: A Randomized Controlled Trial and a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Conclusions: In patients with acute ICH, the use of anticoagulants to prevent VTE was safe but the overall level of evidence was low due to the low number of patients included in randomized clinical trials.Eur Neurol (Source: European Neurology)
Source: European Neurology - November 13, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Charcot and His Passion for Dogs: A Historical Note
Jean-Martin Charcot, one of the most brilliant neurologists in history, was a man of few words and few gestures. He had an impenetrable and unmovable face and was described as being austere, reserved, and shy. In contrast, in his personal life, he was a softhearted man who loved animals – especially dogs. In this historical note, we sought to look into the past and learn more about Dr. Charcot’s personal life – which was robustly impacted by his passion for dogs.Eur Neurol (Source: European Neurology)
Source: European Neurology - November 11, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Multifocal Motor Neuropathy with Persistent Conduction Block: The Seminal Case
This article provides an insight into the medical history of MMN “patient zero” and the first scientific publication that led to the recognition of MMN by the medical community. Multifocal motor neuropathy is nowadays recognized as a disease that produces asymmetric muscle weakness and cramping, with spontaneous motor unit activity (fasciculations and myokymi a) but without sensory disorder. From an electrophysiological point of view, the neuropathy is characterized by persistent conduction blocks that usually initially affect the proximal upper extremity. The path to recognizing this rare entity was long and w...
Source: European Neurology - November 11, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Patients ’ Experiences of Remote Neurology Consultations during the COVID-19 Pandemic
Telemedicine has been widely implemented during the COVID-19 global pandemic to enable continuity of care of chronic illnesses. We modified our general neurology clinic to be conducted using remote audio-only telephone consultations. We included all patients over a 10-week period who agreed to both a telephone consultation and a questionnaire afterwards in order to ascertain the patient ’s perspective of the experience. There were 212 participants consisting of men (43.8%) and women (56.2%). The mean ± standard deviation of age was 47.8 ± 17.0 (range 17–93) years. For the most part, patients found...
Source: European Neurology - November 4, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Assessment of Patients with Intracerebral Hemorrhage or Hemorrhagic Transformation in the VENOST Study
Conclusion: CVST, an important cause of stroke in the young, should be monitored closely if the patients have additional symptoms of headache, multiple sinus involvement, and CH. Older age and parenchymal lesion, either hemorrhagic infarction or intracerebral hemorrhage, imply poor outcome.Eur Neurol (Source: European Neurology)
Source: European Neurology - October 30, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Inhibition of LncRNA MALAT1 Attenuates Cerebral Ischemic Reperfusion Injury via Regulating AQP4 Expression
Stroke is one of the leading causes of mortality and disability worldwide. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) including MALAT1 have been shown to have critical roles in cerebral ischemia reperfusion injury (CIRI). However, the underlying mechanism of MALAT1 in CIRI has not been elucidated. The present study aimed to investigate the function and potential regulatory mechanism of MALAT1 in cerebral ischemic reperfusion injury. We established the middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model and oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (OGD/RX) model in vivo and in vitro, and then Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8), RT-qPCR, flow cytomet...
Source: European Neurology - October 30, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Predictive Value and Correlation of Neuron-Specific Enolase for Prognosis in Patients with Coma: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Conclusions: The NSE concentration of patients with poor coma prognosis is significantly higher than that of the control group. The high NSE concentration is not necessarily a poor prognosis for coma, but low NSE concentration indicates a high probability of a good prognosis for coma.Eur Neurol (Source: European Neurology)
Source: European Neurology - October 30, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Utility and Results from a Patient-Reported Online Survey in Myotonic Dystrophies Types 1 and 2
Discussion: Overall, as our results are consistent with the results of clinical studies and online registries, it can be assumed that this type of systematic gathering of data from patients with rare diseases is useful and provides realistic and appropriate results. Due to the nature of online surveys and the absence of an assessor, some uncertainty remains. Furthermore, survey frauds cannot be completely excluded. An additional clinical assessment could confirm the given information and will improve the utility and validity of reported symptoms participants provide in online surveys. Therefore, we recommend a combination ...
Source: European Neurology - October 29, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

A Novel Method for Sleep-Stage Classification Based on Sonification of Sleep Electroencephalogram Signals Using Wavelet Transform and Recurrent Neural Network
Conclusion: The present EEG sonification method leads to valid sleep staging by clinicians. The method could be used on various EEG databases for classification, differentiation, diagnosis, and treatment purposes. Real-time EEG sonification can be used as a feedback tool for replanning of neurophysiological functions for the management of many neurological and psychiatric disorders in the future.Eur Neurol (Source: European Neurology)
Source: European Neurology - October 29, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Cerebral Hyperperfusion Syndrome and Related Conditions
Cerebral vasoconstriction is a normal physiological response under determined conditions to preserve a normal cerebral blood flow. However, there are several syndromes, with impaired cerebral autoregulation and cerebral vasoconstriction, not related with infection or inflammation, which share the same radiological and clinical presentation. We review here the cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome and related conditions such as hypertensive encephalopathy, posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome, and reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome. These syndromes might share the same pathophysiological mechanism with endothe...
Source: European Neurology - October 16, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Erratum
Eur Neurol (Source: European Neurology)
Source: European Neurology - October 12, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Dissociative Language Representation in a Patient with Schizencephaly
Eur Neurol (Source: European Neurology)
Source: European Neurology - October 8, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

The Genetics Analysis of Molecular Pathogenesis for Alzheimer & apos;s Disease
Conclusions: The pathogenesis of AD at molecular levels may link to cell membrane structures and signal transduction; hence, a list of 20 genes, includingLRRTM1 andRASAL1,potentially are important for the discovery of treatment target or molecular marker of AD.Eur Neurol (Source: European Neurology)
Source: European Neurology - October 7, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

John Cunningham Virus Status, Seroconversion Rate, and the Risk of Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy in Polish John Cunningham Virus-Seronegative Patients with Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis
Conclusions: NAT therapy in JCV-seronegative RRMS patients is safe and results in the absence of PML cases. In Poland, JCV seroconversion rate is similar to that observed in other European countries.Eur Neurol (Source: European Neurology)
Source: European Neurology - October 7, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Validation of the Simplified Modified Rankin Scale Questionnaire
Conclusion: Our results show good validity of the postal smRSq, answered by the patients, compared with the mRS carried out face-to-face at 6 months after a stroke. This result could help trialists in the future simplify study design and make multicentre trials and quality registers with a large number of patients more feasible and time-saving.Eur Neurol (Source: European Neurology)
Source: European Neurology - October 7, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

“Stat Rosa Pristina Nomine, Nomina Nuda Tenemus”: The Many Syndromes, Diseases, and Anatomic Structures Bearing Jean-Martin Charcot’s Name
The sheer magnitude of Jean-Martin Charcot ’s contributions to neurology, pathology, psychiatry, and internal medicine has allowed for the common usage of eponyms bearing the master’s name in recognition of his work. However, these are so numerous that confusion has naturally arisen concerning the exact nature of each eponym, allowing fo r different specialists to refer to completely different ailments or symptoms, while using the very same expression. Previous compilations of his eponyms were often incomplete. Therefore, the authors aimed to bring some clarification into the nature and origin of each known epo...
Source: European Neurology - October 5, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Effectiveness, Safety, and Health-Related Quality of Life of Chronic Migraine Patients Treated with Onabotulinum Toxin A
Conclusion: This study confirms that BoNT-A treatment is effective on CM and improves the functional well-being and quality of life of patients.Eur Neurol (Source: European Neurology)
Source: European Neurology - September 23, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Axonal Degeneration Independent of Inflammatory Activity: Is It More Intense in the Early Stages of Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis Disease?
Conclusion: The axonal degeneration rate is faster in RRMS patients in the first years of the disease than in later years. In addition, axonal degeneration occurs independently of inflammatory activity. Axonal degeneration is correlated with disability progression, but not with inflammatory findings, such as clinical episodes and MRI activity.Eur Neurol (Source: European Neurology)
Source: European Neurology - September 21, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Dawson Fingers in Older Adults with Cerebral Small Vessel Disease: A Population Study
Dawson fingers are used to differentiate multiple sclerosis (MS) from other conditions that affect the subcortical white matter. However, there are no studies evaluating the presence of Dawson fingers in subjects with cerebral small vessel disease (cSVD). We aimed to assess prevalence and ­correlates of Dawson fingers in older adults with cSVD-related moderate-to-severe white matter hyperintensities (WMH). Community-dwelling older adults residing in rural Ecuador – identified by means of door-to-door surveys – underwent a brain MRI. Exams of individuals with cSVD-related moderat e-to-severe WMH were reviewe...
Source: European Neurology - September 17, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Therapeutic and Immunoregulatory Effects of Tacrolimus in Patients with Refractory Generalized Myasthenia Gravis
Conclusion: Our study indicated the clinical efficacy of tacrolimus in patients with refractory generalized MG. The underlying immunoregulatory mechanism of tacrolimus may involve alterations in the phenotypes of peripheral blood lymphocytes and Th1/Th2-related cytokine expression of PBMCs.Eur Neurol (Source: European Neurology)
Source: European Neurology - September 15, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

The Merging Tracks of Anosognosia and Neglect
Anosognosia and hemineglect are among the most startling neurological phenomena identified during the 20th century. Though both are associated with right hemisphere cerebral dysfunction, notably stroke, each disorder had its own distinct literature. Anosognosia, as coined by Babinski in 1914, describes patients who seem to have no idea of their paralysis, despite general cognitive preservation. Certain patients seem more than unaware, with apparent resistance to awareness. More extreme, and qualitatively distinct, is denial of hemiplegia. Various interpretations of pathogenesis are still deliberated. As accounts of its cap...
Source: European Neurology - September 14, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Uncovering the Potential Differentially Expressed miRNAs and mRNAs in Ischemic Stroke Based on Integrated Analysis in the Gene Expression Omnibus Database
Conclusions: The identified differentially expressed miRNAs and mRNAs may be associated with the development of ischemic stroke.Eur Neurol (Source: European Neurology)
Source: European Neurology - September 9, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Age and Diastolic Blood Pressure Play an Important Role in the Progression of White Matter Lesions: A Meta-Analysis
Conclusion: The relationship between DBP and WMLs is closer than that of SBP. Also, the risk of WML progression in patients aged under 70 years was higher than that in patients aged over 70 years. Furthermore, when DBP is elevated in patients younger than 70 years of age, the risk of WML progression may be higher. Therefore, it is expected that more researchers will attach importance to the change in DBP and identify the range of blood pressure and strategies that control DBP, thus contributing to delay the progression of WMLs.Eur Neurol (Source: European Neurology)
Source: European Neurology - September 9, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Cerebral Venous Thrombosis: A Comprehensive Review
Conclusion: CSVT is a potentially fatal neurological condition that is often under-diagnosed due to its nonspecific presentation. Timely diagnosis and treatment can reduce morbidity and mortality, remarkably improving the outcome in affected individuals.Eur Neurol (Source: European Neurology)
Source: European Neurology - September 2, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Myelography and the 20th Century Localization of Spinal Cord Lesions
In this article, we commemorate the centenary of myelography, a neuroradiological procedure that, despite certain disadvantages, significantly contributed to the diagnosis and localization of spinal cord lesions during the 20th century. From the start, the use of myelography was characterized by different views regarding the potential dangers associated with the prolonged exposure of a “foreign body” to the central nervous system. Such differences in attitude resulted in divergent myelography practices; its precise indications, technical performance, and adopted contrast material remaining subject to variabilit...
Source: European Neurology - September 1, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Worth Their Salt: One Hundred Years of Hyperosmolar Therapy
In this article, we commemorate the centenary of the discovery and clinical implementation of hyperosmolar therapy for the treatment of increased intracranial pressure (ICP). Following the pioneering work of anatomists Weed and McKibben in 1919, the use of hypertonic solutions was soon adopted into clinical practice, even though the preferred hypertonic agent, route of administration, and ideas regarding the physiological mechanism by which it reduced ICP diverged. These divergent conceptions and practices have continued to surround the use of hyperosmolar therapy into present times.Eur Neurol (Source: European Neurology)
Source: European Neurology - August 31, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Classical Clinical and Neuroimaging Findings in SMART (Stroke-Like Migraine Attacks after Radiation Therapy) Syndrome
Eur Neurol (Source: European Neurology)
Source: European Neurology - August 31, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Progressive Multiple Sclerosis Transcriptome Deconvolution Indicates Increased M2 Macrophages in Inactive Lesions
Accumulating evidence suggests M2 macrophages contribute to tissue reparation and limit inflammation in multiple sclerosis (MS). However, most studies have focused on murine models without substantial support through human MS observations. The present study aimed to quantify the relative abundances of M2 macrophages in different lesion types excised from human MS patients. CIBERSORTx, an established RNA deconvolution algorithm, was applied on bulk RNA-sequencing data developed from 98 lesions from 10 progressive MS patients and 5 neuropathological control donors. A validated gene signature matrix for 22 human hematopoietic...
Source: European Neurology - August 28, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Accelerated MR Evaluation of Patients with Suspected Large Arterial Vessel Occlusion: Diagnostic Performances of the FLAIR Vessel Hyperintensities
Conclusion: We found that FVH demonstrated excellent diagnostic performances for the identification of LVO and its level with good to excellent reproducibility. This MRI radio marker of occlusion provides additional arguments and may speed-up the detection of potential candidates for MT.Eur Neurol (Source: European Neurology)
Source: European Neurology - August 12, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Egocentric and Allocentric Spatial Cognition in Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment and Early Alzheimer ’s Disease
Conclusion: Allocentric spatial cognition is selectively impaired in aMCI patients, while an egocentric spatial cognition is additionally impaired in AD patients.Eur Neurol (Source: European Neurology)
Source: European Neurology - August 12, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

HyperCKemia in Guillain-Barr é Syndrome
The aim of the present study was to investigate the frequency and clinical features of Guillain-Barr é syndrome (GBS) with hyperCKemia. We retrospectively identified 139 patients with GBS at 2 teaching hospitals in South Korea. We excluded patients with Miller-Fisher syndrome (n = 19), acute bulbar palsy (n = 3), and those whose serum creatine kinase (CK) levels were not measured (n = 45). Twelve of 72 patients (16.7%) had transient hyperCKemia, defined as serum CK ≥300 IU/L. The frequency of male sex and non-demyelinating electrodiagnostic features were higher in patients with hyperCKemia than those without. Tra...
Source: European Neurology - August 12, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Feasibility of a Cognitive Training Game in Parkinson ’s Disease: The Randomized Parkin’Play Study
Cognitive training (CT) shows modest positive effects on cognitive function in patients with Parkinson ’s disease (PD). Gamification may enhance adherence to traditional CT, but this has not been studied yet. Here, we investigated the feasibility of a gamified CT. We performed a randomized controlled trial including PD patients with mild cognitive impairment. Participants were randomly allocated to a 12-week home-based gamified CT intervention or waiting-list control group. Assessments were performed at baseline and at weeks 12 and 24. Forty-one patients were included (21 intervention and 20 waiting-list controls). S...
Source: European Neurology - August 5, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Cerebral Cavernous Malformations, Developmental Venous Anomaly, and Its Coexistence: A Review
Conclusion: Individual CCM or DVA lesions have a benign course; however, when they coexist in the same individual, the hemorrhagic risk is increased, which prompts for rapid diagnosis and treatment.Eur Neurol (Source: European Neurology)
Source: European Neurology - July 30, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Babinski, Bektherev, Cerletti, Head, and Hitzig: European Neurologists Nominated for the Nobel Prize 1901 –1950
Conclusion: Nobel Prize nominations constitute a lens through which credit and recognition around major contributions in neurology during the 20th century can be examined. They are unique sources that enable the reconstruction of both research trends in the field and the reputation of individual neurologists.Eur Neurol (Source: European Neurology)
Source: European Neurology - July 30, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research