The ubiquitous hospital polyethylene pinny: an ideal temporary wound cover
ConclusionsPolyethylene aprons are widely available in all clinical areas. We found no evidence that they are colonised with or harbour bacteria at the point when taken from the roll. They are inexpensive, easy to handle, waterproof and in our experience, do not adhere to wounds. In addition, no specialty specific knowledge or training is required for their use. We believe these qualities make the polyethylene apron an ideal temporary dressing.Level of Evidence: Level IV, therapeutic study (Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery)
Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery - July 11, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Ricardo Baroudi: an icon of plastic surgery and a dear friend
(Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery)
Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery - July 7, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

New software and breast boundary landmarks to calculate breast volumes from 3D surface images
ConclusionThe newly introduced landmarks showed to be robust and our new chest wall simulation algorithm showed accurate results.Level of Evidence: Level IV, diagnostic  study. (Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery)
Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery - July 6, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Color Doppler ultrasonography targeted reconstruction using pedicled perforator flaps —a systematic review and meta-analysis
ConclusionsThe reconstructive success rate following pedicled perforator flap reconstruction targeted by CDU appears to be high and the procedure provides a wide scope of applications and margin of safety. It is evident that the risk of venous congestion is 11 times greater in the lower extremities than the truncus, a finding that needs further attention in future studies.Level of Evidence: Level IV, risk/prognostic study (Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery)
Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery - June 29, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Cephalic vein transposition in autologous breast reconstruction salvage: a review of outcomes and implications for patient care
ConclusionsThe cephalic vein is an excellent local option for free flap salvage in breast reconstruction. Lymphedema, however, developed or worsened in one third of our patients. All patients undergoing microsurgical breast reconstruction are now counseled about the potential need for CVT and the risk of lymphedema.Level of Evidence: Level  IV, therapeutic study. (Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery)
Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery - June 25, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Minimally invasive neck rejuvenation of moderate cervicomental laxity with polytetrafuoroethylene (PTFE) bands
ConclusionsIn young patients with moderate platysma and skin laxity, minimally invasive NAL avoids deep modifications of the superficial musculoaponeurotic system and platysma. Despite the relative short follow-up of this study, the low rate of complications, short recovery time, and acceptable patient and clinician satisfaction seem promising.Level of Evidence: Level IV, therapeutic study. (Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery)
Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery - June 20, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Formation of a sensate forearm stump through neurovascular tissue transplantation
We describe the case of a 19-year-old patient who underwent an innovative reconstructive approach aimed at preserving viable limb length with sensory regeneration by using innervated tissue transfer after traumatic upper extremity amputation below the elbow. The forearm length was maximized by means of two neurovascular free flaps that formed a robust, functional, and versatile stump. The mechanism of this reconstruction originated from the practice of placing a double-innervated anterolateral thigh flap over a myocutaneous flap for covering protruding forearm bone shafts. This form of vascularized tissue transplantation h...
Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery - June 19, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Utility of ultrasound of the lymph nodes in patients with high-risk cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma
ConclusionsUltrasound is found to have equal sensitivity, specificity and NPV as CT and PET CT. Further, US is proven significant better than clinical examination. Patients with one or two high-risk factors for metastases could very well benefit from US of neck. However, more studies on US are necessary and further, specific studies on cSCC should be performed in order to see if US of the neck in HNSCC patients is transferable to cSCC.Level of evidence: Not ratable. (Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery)
Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery - June 19, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Applications and limitations of using patient-specific 3D printed molds in autologous breast reconstruction
ConclusionsPatient-specific breast templates are inexpensive and relatively easy to design, while being practical and convenient to obtain insight in the dimensions of the desired breast during reconstruction, according to the operating surgeons. Patient selection is however critical, as patients must have sufficient donor volume and/or satisfying breast shape to be able to use the template to its full potential.Level of evidence: Level IV, therapeutic study. (Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery)
Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery - June 16, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Neurotization of nasal mucosa by end-to-side nerve graft: preliminary report of smell restoration
AbstractNerve regeneration after an end-to-side neurorrhaphy had been well established in the literature. Both sensory and motor functions could be achieved using this technique. Autonomic and special sensory restoration (e.g., smell sensation) were not studied extensively before. Post-traumatic anosmia has an overall prevalence rate of 7%, with a variable rate of recovery. In this preliminary report, olfactory sensation was restored in a case with a long-standing anosmia using end-to-side nerve graft. The patient reported regaining of smell, which was confirmed by a smell identification test. This technique has the potent...
Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery - June 12, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Poly Implant Proth èse silicone breast implants: implant dynamics and capsular contracture
ConclusionsWe managed to illustrate that PIP implant shells were too permeable and that there is a correlation between gel bleeding and the increase of the post-operative implant volume. Implant rupture led to a higher risk for developing capsular contracture.Level of evidence: Level III, risk / prognostic study. (Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery)
Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery - June 1, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Split-thickness skin grafting using grafts of different thickness
ConclusionsThickness of the skin graft is a significant factor affecting recipient wound healing parameters. It is necessary to evaluate healing of the donor wound, as well as distant treatment outcomes, such as scarring, pigmentation, and esthetic results of skin grafting with different thickness grafts.Level of Evidence: Level I, therapeutic study. (Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery)
Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery - May 24, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Surgical management of giant congenital melanocytic nevus of face in the adult —outcomes and experience
ConclusionsSize and location of the lesion, and compliance of the patient are the primary determinants of the choice of procedure. However, potential for malignant transformation and optimal esthetic results have to be also borne in mind. Treatment should be prompt, reconstruction should be individualized and follow-up should be prolonged.Level of Evidence: Level IV, therapeutic study. (Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery)
Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery - May 23, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Prominent nose, its modalities and their treatment
ConclusionsProminent nose has several modalities and each of them requires different techniques applied during the surgical intervention. Both aesthetic and functional topics are frequently present, and multiple nasal structures, both external and internal, are commonly involved. In the aesthetically pleasing Caucasian nose, Goode ’s ratio should equal 0.55 to 0.60. If there is before operation unrecognised deviation from this norm, which is also persistent after the rhinoplasty, the final result will be substandard.Level of Evidence IV, risk / prognostic study. (Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery)
Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery - May 16, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Subdermal neo-umbilicoplasty in abdominoplasty
ConclusionsSubdermal neo-umbilicoplasty resulted in low postoperative complications and provided a new, natural-looking umbilicus without external scars.Level of evidence: Level IV, therapeutic study (Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery)
Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery - May 15, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Correction to: Development and validation of a new assessment tool for suturing skills in medical students
The original version of this article contained a mistake in the section Development of total score for the assessment tool. (Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery)
Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery - May 15, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Full-thickness skin necrosis following cryolipolysis to the upper arm
(Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery)
Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery - May 5, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Reconstruction with artificial dermis of oncological surgical defects in the craniofacial district —Matriderm® versus Integra®: a non-randomized, unblinded single-operator case series
ConclusionsWe observed that Integra ® has a better integration on poorly vascularized surfaces, such as the skull bones; however, the thickness of the dermis obtained is lower than the one obtained with Matriderm®. The latter, when used with the two-step technique, allows complete restoration of the thickness gap obtaining a better cosmetic result.Level of Evidence: Level III, therapeutic study. (Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery)
Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery - April 27, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Correction of eyelid retraction using a half-thickness tarsal flap for lengthening of the eyelid following ptosis surgery
AbstractVarious surgical procedures for correction of upper eyelid retraction have been reported, many of which have had favorable results. However, most of these reports are concerned with the correction of upper eyelid retraction in patients with thyroid ophthalmopathy, and few have focused on upper eyelid retraction caused by overcorrection during ptosis surgery. Corrective surgery for upper eyelid retraction resulting from ptosis surgery is often difficult because of the extensive irregular contracture caused by scar tissue. However, as this is a repeat surgery following ptosis surgery, it is important to ensure good p...
Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery - April 27, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Pre-operative predictive estimation of abdominal flap volume for breast reconstruction using ultrasound  and an anthropometric method
ConclusionsOur pre-operative measurements of breast volume, abdominal flap volume, and body mass index enabled us to establish a relationship between these variables and to determine the feasibility of surgery and the need for additional volume enhancement and breast symmetrization procedures in patients seeking breast reconstruction.Level of Evidence: Level IV, risk/prognostic study. (Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery)
Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery - April 25, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

An enhanced fresh cadaveric model for reconstructive microsurgery training
We describe a model to enhance flap surgery simulation, in conjunction with qualitative assessment.MethodsThe fresh frozen cadaveric limbs used in this study were acquired by the University. A perfused fresh cadaveric model was created using a gelatin and dye mixture in a specific injection protocol in order to increase the visibility and realism of perforating vessels, as well as major vessels. A questionnaire was distributed amongst 50 trainees in order to assess benefit of the model. Specifically, confidence, operative skills, and transferable procedural-based learning were assessed.ResultsTraining with this cadaveric m...
Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery - April 25, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Is single-stage implant-based breast reconstruction  (SSBR) with an acellular matrix safe?
ConclusionsThis cohort study clearly suggests that the use of a single-stage breast reconstruction is not safe with the use of these AMs. Well-designed prospective studies that guarantee the safety of those matrices should be published before these AMs are used in implant-based surgery.Level of Evidence: Level III, risk / prognostic study. (Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery)
Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery - April 24, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

The first step of patient-specific design calvarial implant: A quantitative analysis of fresh parietal bones
ConclusionsPolylactic acid-based three-dimensional implants can be considered as acceptable candidates for temporary replacement of parietal defects in terms of mechanical properties.Level of Evidence: Not ratable. (Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery)
Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery - April 24, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

How to avoid common errors in writing scientific manuscripts
This article aims to contribute with the existing information on how to recognize and avoid common errors for a successful scientific writing and consequently being published.Level of Evidence: Not ratable. (Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery)
Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery - April 10, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

A case of important weight loss after a prepectoral breast reconstruction
We present the case of a 42-year-old woman who underwent left nipple-sparing mastectomy with prepectoral acellular dermal matrix (ADM) assisted direct-to-implant (DTI) breast reconstruction and contralateral mastopexy. The implant was completely wrapped around by Braxon ®, a preshaped porcine ADM. A few months after surgery, she experienced a severe weight loss resulting in the aesthetic deterioration of both breasts. The patient showed a migration of the left implant inferiorly and laterally, and deflation of the contralateral breast. In order to improve the left breast, a lateral capsulectomy was performed to reduce ...
Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery - April 10, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Towards standardization of training and practice of reconstructive microsurgery: an evidence-based recommendation for anastomosis thrombosis prophylaxis
ConclusionsHigher level studies are needed to investigate the clinical use of antithrombotic medications in microsurgery; however, given the small failure rates in modern practice, these will need to be large multicenter trials in order to reach sufficient power.Level of Evidence: Level III, risk/prognostic study. (Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery)
Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery - April 9, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Late hand replantation with restoration of intrinsic muscle function: a case and review of the literature
We report the case of a traumatic trans-carpal hand amputation in a 40-year-old male, with a second-level injury more distally at the metacarpal heads, who was replanted with a total ischaemic time of 19 h and 25 min. The decision was made to retain his intrinsic hand muscles in contradiction to common practice. At 2.5 years follow-up, he has regained a remarkable level of function of his hand including activation of his intrinsic hand muscles. His Semmes Weinstein testing has also sho wn good sensory recovery of his repaired nerves and he enjoys little, if any, disability as a result of his injury (despite ...
Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery - April 9, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

A systematic review of the risk of postoperative bleeding with perioperative non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in plastic surgery
ConclusionsBased on the assembled data, the authors conclude that the use of perioperative NSAIDs in plastic surgical procedures increases the risk of postoperative bleeding complications. Despite this, the rate of bleeding complications remains low.Level of Evidence: Not ratable. (Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery)
Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery - April 9, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Limited incision harvest of the rectus abdominis muscle flap
ConclusionsThe morbidity of the traditional paramedian incision for rectus harvest may be avoided using a limited skin incision approach. This is useful in patients with attenuated healing capacity and offers a lower risk approach to a traditionally risky donor site.Level of Evidence: Level IV, therapeutic study. (Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery)
Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery - April 2, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Importance of sentinel lymphatic node biopsy in patients with low-risk and high-risk cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma
AbstractBackgroundCutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC) is the second most common non-melanoma skin cancer type. The purpose of our study was to compare the diagnosis of CSCC micrometastases using sentinel lymphatic node biopsy (SLNB) in sentinel lymphatic nodes (SLN) in patients with high-risk and low-risk CSCC.MethodsA prospective clinical study was carried out. Patients with clinically diagnosed and histologically confirmed CSCC were included in the study if no metastases were observed preoperatively. Patients were divided into low-risk (n = 42) and high-risk (n = 46) groups according to the risk ...
Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery - March 27, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Correction to: Subcutaneous lipomas: A minimally invasive method for resection of subcutaneous lipomas preserving retaining ligaments
AbstractThe article Subcutaneous lipomas: A minimally invasivemethod for resection of subcutaneous lipomas preserving retaining ligaments, written by Akio Sakamoto, Takeshi Okamoto, Shuichi Matsuda, was originally published electronically on the publisher ’s internet portal (currently SpringerLink). (Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery)
Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery - March 21, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Managing complex trauma injuries in the elderly: a case report of a free flap and circular frame in a 95-year old patient with an open IIIB tibial fracture
We present the case of a patient believed to be the oldest documented patient treated in a trauma setting with free flap and circular frame fixation to an open tibial fracture. A 95-year-old male presented to the Level 1 Major Trauma Centre (MTC) with multiple injuries after a pedestrian vs car incident. His injury severity score (ISS) was 22. For treatment of his open tibial fracture, he required soft tissue coverage with a free anterolateral thigh (ALT) flap, and circular frame application. Microsurgery was performed after consultation with the MDT and was uneventful. The circular frame was removed after 10  months ...
Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery - March 20, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

A new otoplasty procedure: combination of perichondrio-adipo-dermal flap, posterior auricular muscle transpositioning and cartilage suturing to decrease the post-operative complication rates
ConclusionsThe combination of these three techniques not only decreases post-operative complication rates but also provides a primary otoplasty technique. All three techniques are well-documented and reliable protruding ear correction methods. It was aimed to benefit from specific advantages of each technique while decreasing the complication rates. The primary drawback of our study is the amount of patients in our sample. Complication rates of this technique remain debatable in the 14 cases. The need for further prospective comparative studies about this subject remains.Level of Evidence: Level  IV, therapeutic study...
Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery - March 7, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

A skin stretch system for the immediately closing of the large skin defects of the anterior chest wall following large keloid excision
AbstractLarge anterior chest wall skin defects following keloid resection, which are not suitable for primary closure, represent a substantial reconstructive challenge, partly due to the expected high tension closure and the considerable rate of recurrence. The TopClosure® Tension Relief System (TRS) is a novel skin stretching and wound closure-secure system which has been shown as a substitute for skin grafts, tissue expanders, and flaps. A 36-year-old man presented with a large keloid with ulcerations on the anterior chest wall. The patient underwent surgical resection of the keloid with immediate primary closure of ...
Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery - March 2, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Reply to: Comments on “Breast augmentation together with intraoperative glandular transposition flap for prevention and correction of lower pole deformities”
(Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery)
Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery - March 1, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Near-infrared fluorescence image-guidance in plastic surgery: A systematic review
ConclusionsFuture standard implementation of novel intraoperative optical techniques, such as NIRF imaging, could significantly contribute to perioperative anatomy guidance and facilitate critical decision-making in plastic surgical procedures. Further investigation (i.e., large multicenter randomized controlled trials) is mandatory to establish the true value of this innovative surgical imaging technique in standard clinical practice and to aid in forming consensus on protocols for general use.Level of Evidence: Not ratable (Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery)
Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery - February 27, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Management of nipple-areola complex ischemia after breast reduction: A systematic literature review and algorithm proposal
ConclusionsNo consensus exists about the management of NAC necrosis, which remains a complication feared by surgeons. We propose a management algorithm that simplifies the therapeutic indications.Level of Evidence: Not ratable (Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery)
Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery - February 27, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Osteotomies and autografted artificial dermal substitute over bone marrow in a bone-deep burn in an elder patient: An  alternative to amputation
In this report, we describe the case of an elder patient who suffered a third-degree fire burn with extensive bone affection and exposure of both tibias. The usual treatment strategy for this type of case would have been amputation, or the performance of a multiple free flap surgery. Notwithstanding taking into account the age and the functional objectives for this patient, the multiple free flap option was disregarded. Therefore, we performed an original limb salvage procedure which consisted in bilateral anterior tibial cortex osteotomies and direct grafting over bone marrow, applying skin grafts over a monolayer artific...
Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery - February 27, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Extensive intraneural fascicular dissection of a lipofibromatous hamartoma of the ulnar digital nerve of the thumb
AbstractLipofibromatous hamartoma (LFH) is a rare, benign fibrofatty tumor of the peripheral nerves. Only a handful of cases have been reported in the literature, together with cases of LFH of the digital branches of the median nerve. The median nerve is the most commonly affected site. Different treatment approaches to LFH have been described according to the clinical presentation. A case of LFH of the ulnar digital nerve of the left thumb that underwent extensive intraneural fascicular dissection and mass excision is described in this paper. Good results were obtained, i.e., pain relief and good cosmesis. Extensive intra...
Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery - February 17, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

The optimal timing of adipose derived stem cells injection to improve skin flap survival in a rat model
ConclusionsWe demonstrate that the skin flap viability can be enhanced by local ASC administration simultaneously with flap elevation or 2  days prior to flap elevation. Their beneficial effect is attributed to paracrine secretion VEGF which enhanced the skin flap vascularity. The angiogenic effect of ASCs can be maximized when the ASCs are injected at the time of flap elevation.Level of Evidence: Not ratable (Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery)
Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery - February 13, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Transcutaneous oximetry and laser Doppler flowmetry values in patients with chronic skin ulcers treated with platelet rich plasma and stromal vascular fraction cells: a pilot study
ConclusionsThese results may reflect improved subcapillary circulation of the treated areas at 3  months postinjection, without a significant improvement in capillary perfusion.Level of Evidence: Level IV, therapeutic study. (Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery)
Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery - February 13, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Outcomes of the use of Ligamentotaxor ® for proximal interphalangeal fractures of the hand: North Bristol hand centre experience
(Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery)
Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery - February 8, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

The treatment of perianal skin horseshoe melanoma by advancement flap (Y-V shaped) and the assessment of outcome over a long-term follow-up
AbstractA horseshoe perianal skin melanoma was treated by cutaneous advancement flap (Y-V shaped) and the outcome was investigated over a long-term follow-up. Objects of investigation were the history taking, the preoperative work-up, the adopted surgical procedure, and the histological and immune-histochemical findings concerning additional lesions found during the follow-up. The follow-up lasted 140  months. In this patient, a previous breast cancer was diagnosed and treated. Local diffusion of soft tissue, nodes, and anal sphincter infiltration or distant metastasis were not shown preoperatively. A wide excision wi...
Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery - February 5, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

A rotation flap does not rotate
(Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery)
Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery - February 2, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Quality of life before and after rhinoplasty surgery measured with SF-36, RSES, and WHOQOL-BREF
AbstractBackgroundRhinoplasty continues to be among the most popular surgical cosmetic treatments around the world. This is often a reflection of the significance of nose shapes in sociocultural, ethnic, and psychological contexts. Despite developments in the therapeutic field of cosmetic surgery, there is scarce information available within current literature concerning the effects of cosmetic procedures on quality of life (QOL), particularly in Iran. The purpose of this study was to survey QOL among Iranian adults before and after rhinoplasty.MethodsFrom July 2015 to July 2016, 83 patients over 16  years of age seek...
Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery - January 29, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Direct augmented reality computed tomographic angiography technique (ARC): an innovation in preoperative imaging
ConclusionsWe illustrate a novel technique of projector-based AR CTA (or ARC) for preoperative planning in perforator flaps. The technique is affordable and readily reproducible.Level of Evidence: Level IV, diagnostic study. (Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery)
Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery - January 24, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Little finger flexor tendon injuries; watch out for anatomical variations and biomechanical excursion
(Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery)
Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery - January 22, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Reconstruction of abdominal wall defects using extended trilobed rectus abdominis musculocutaneous flap
AbstractReconstruction of extensive abdominal wall defects is difficult in many cases. We performed peritoneal reconstruction by free fascia lata transplantation and abdominal wall reconstruction with an extended trilobed rectus abdominis musculocutaneous flap. Firstly, the peritoneum is closed by free fascia lata transplantation. Then, the rectus abdominis musculocutaneous flap is prepared adjacent to the abdominal wall defect and centering on the rectus abdominis muscle body on the contralateral side. The rectus abdominis musculocutaneous flap is elevated with the first flap toward the xiphoid process on the cranial side...
Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery - January 22, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Comments on “Breast augmentation combined with a transposed glandular flap for prevention and correction of lower pole deformities”
(Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery)
Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery - January 19, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Acknowledgment to reviewers —2017
(Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery)
Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery - January 13, 2018 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research