Eating-out behaviors, associated factors and associations with obesity in Chinese school children: findings from the childhood obesity study in China mega-cities
This study examined Chinese school children’s eating-out behaviors and associated factors, including their association with obesity during a 3-year follow.MethodsData were collected from 3313 primary and middle school children aged 7 –16 years in five mega-cites across China in 2015, 2016 and 2017, in an open cohort study. Eating-out behaviors were assessed using questionnaire survey. The Chinese age-sex-specific body mass index (BMI) cutoffs were used defining child overweight/obesity (combined) and obesity; central obesity was defined as WHtR ≥ 0.48. Mixed effect models examined associat...
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - January 13, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Potential effect of tropical fruits Phyllanthus emblica L. for the prevention and management of type 2 diabetic complications: a systematic review of recent advances
AbstractPhyllanthus emblica is a fruit widely consumed in subtropical areas, which is rich in polyphenols and other nutrients. There are increasing evidences that as a daily and nutritious fruit, it may have a positive role in controlling diabetic complications. According to the new study, its mechanisms include enhancing the functioning of insulin, reducing insulin resistance, activating the insulin-signaling pathway, protecting β-cells, scavenging free radicals, alleviating inflammatory reactions, and reducing the accumulation of advanced glycation end products. Owing to its few side effects, and low price, it shoul...
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - January 13, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Reply to: A systematic review and meta-analysis of 24-h urinary output of children and adolescents: impact on the assessment of iodine status using urinary biomarkers —don’t forget creatinine
(Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - January 13, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

A systematic review and meta-analysis of 24-h urinary output of children and adolescents: impact on the assessment of iodine status using urinary biomarkers —don’t forget creatinine
(Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - January 13, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Daily vitamin D 3 in overweight and obese children and adolescents: a randomized controlled trial
AbstractPurposeTo assess the efficacy of different doses of vitamin D3 on serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D), intact parathyroid hormone(iPTH), calcium, phosphorus, and alkaline phosphatase concentrations in overweight and obese school-children.MethodsA total of 378 children and adolescents, 6 –13 years of age, with age- and sex-specific body mass index(BMI) Z-score ≥ 1(according to the World Health Organization criteria) were allocated to receive 600, 1000, and 2000 IU vitamin D3/days. 25(OH)D, iPTH, calcium, phosphorus, and alkaline phosphatase concentrations were measured at baseline, 6...
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - January 11, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Breakfast and dinner insulin index and insulin load in relation to overweight in children and adolescents
AbstractPurposeHyperinsulinemia is related to the development of several chronic diseases, particularly obesity. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the association between the insulinemic potential of both total diet and meals, measured by the glycemic index (GI), glycemic load (GL), insulin index (II), and insulin load (IL), and overweight risk among children and adolescents.MethodsThis cross-sectional study was conducted on 205 overweight and 146 normal-weight participants aged 6 –18 years. Overweight was defined as body mass index ≥ 85th percentile of Turkish growth-reference data. Throug...
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - January 9, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

A lavatory urine color (LUC) chart method can identify hypohydration in a physically active population
ConclusionThis new lavatory urine color (LUC) method of scoring Uc levels to assess potential hypohydration gives results similar to those of traditional urine color charts, but it has the advantage of an immediate assessment of hydration status based on scoring urine color directly from the toilet bowl. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - January 8, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Buttermilk: an important source of lipid soluble forms of choline that influences the immune system development in Sprague –Dawley rat offspring
ConclusionThe proportion of lipid soluble forms of choline in the diet during lactation and weaning periods influence the immune system development in rat offspring. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - January 8, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

6-Shogaol from ginger shows anti-tumor effect in cervical carcinoma via PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway
ConclusionThese findings suggested that 6-shogaol could be developed as a functional food ingredient, which is potentially used as therapeutic agents for patients with cervical cancer. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - January 8, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Fruit intake, genetic risk and type 2 diabetes: a population-based gene –diet interaction analysis
ConclusionsFruit intakes interact with the  genetic predisposition of T2D on the risk of diabetes and related glucose metabolic traits. Fruit intake alleviates the association between genetic predisposition of T2D and the risk of diabetes; the association of fruit intake with a lower risk of diabetes was more prominent in population with a  stronger genetic predisposition of T2D. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - January 5, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Neurobiology of zinc and its role in neurogenesis
ConclusionBoth in vitro and in vivo studies have shown an association between Zn deficiency and increased risk of neurological disorders. This article reviews the existing knowledge on the role of Zn and its importance in neurogenesis. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - January 5, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Effects of soy intake on circulating levels of TNF- α and interleukin-6: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
ConclusionsA review of RCTs published to November 2019 found that natural soy products are effective in lowering TNF- α levels. While the beneficial effects on reduction of IL-6 appeared stronger in individuals affected by different diseases, this finding cannot be generalized to all individuals affected by different diseases. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - January 5, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Correction to: Adherence to a food group-based dietary guideline and incidence of prediabetes and type 2 diabetes
The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake in Table 4. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - January 5, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Correction to: Sex ‑dependent association between selenium status and cognitive performance in older adults
The original article can be found online. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - January 5, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Correction to: Effects of Brazil nut consumption on selenium status and cognitive performance in older adults with mild cognitive impairment: a randomized controlled pilot trial
Unfortunately, the given name and family name of the author Barbara Rita Cardoso was incorrectly tagged in the xml data. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - January 5, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Association of dietary zinc intake with coronary artery calcium progression: the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA)
AbstractPurposeZinc is considered protective  against atherosclerosis; however, the association between dietary zinc intake and cardiovascular disease remains debated. We investigated whether dietary zinc intake was associated with coronary artery calcium (CAC) progression in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA).MethodsThis analysis included 5186 participants aged 61.9  ± 10.2 years (48.8% men; 41.3% white, 25.0% black, 21.6% Hispanic, and 12.1% Chinese American) from the MESA. Dietary zinc intake was assessed by a self-administered, 120-item food frequency questionnaire at b...
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - January 4, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Blueberry and cranberry anthocyanin extracts reduce bodyweight and modulate gut microbiota in C57BL/6  J mice fed with a high-fat diet
ConclusionsIt was concluded that both berry anthocyanins could manage the body weight and favorably modulate the gut microbiota at least in mice. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - January 3, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Ten days of complete fasting affected subjective sensations but not cognitive abilities in healthy adults
ConclusionsOur study showed strong influences on the sensations from the third to sixth days of the prolonged fasting period but no significant effects on basic cognitive abilities associated with the energy substance switch. These findings could contribute to the development and understanding of survival strategies in food-shortage emergencies or of intermittent fasting programmes. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - January 3, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Increased oral processing and a slower eating rate increase glycaemic, insulin and satiety responses to a mixed meal tolerance test
This study tested how natural variations in oral processing between slower and faster eaters contribute to differences in post-prandial glucose (PP glucose), insulin response (PP insulin) and post-meal satiety for a standardised test meal.MethodsThirty-three participants with higher risk for type 2 diabetes consumed a standardised test-meal while being video recorded to derive specific oral processing behaviours. Plasma glucose, insulin and satiety measures were collected at baseline, during and post meal. Participants were split into slower and faster eaters using median split based on their eating rates and individual bo...
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - January 2, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Tart cherry ( Prunus cerasus L.) dietary supplement modulates visceral adipose tissue CB1 mRNA levels along with other adipogenesis-related genes in rat models of diet-induced obesity
ConclusionThe present study points out that the intake of bioactive constituents of tart cherry may attenuate the effect of adipogenesis by acting directly on the adipose tissue and modulating the interplay between CB1, PPAR γ and TRPV channel gene transcription. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - January 2, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Dietary intakes, sources, and determinants of free sugars amongst Lebanese children and adolescents: findings from two national surveys
ConclusionThe study showed that a high proportion of Lebanese children and adolescents exceeded the WHO upper limit for FS intake, while also documenting a socioeconomic gradient in FS intake. Findings call for devising food system-based interventions to help reduce FS intake in this nutritionally vulnerable age group. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - January 2, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Resveratrol supplementation at old age reverts changes associated with aging in inflammatory, oxidative and apoptotic markers in rat heart
ConclusionOur results suggest that resveratrol might exert beneficial effects as an anti-aging compound to revert age-related changes in cardiac function. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - January 2, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

A maternal high-fat/low-fiber diet impairs glucose tolerance and induces the formation of glycolytic muscle fibers in neonatal offspring
ConclusionMaternal HF-LF diet during pregnancy impairs glucose tolerance, induces the formation of glycolytic muscle fibers, and decreases the hepatic and muscular mitochondrial function in neonatal piglets. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - January 2, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Acute supplementation with grapes in obese subjects did not affect postprandial metabolism: a randomized, double-blind, crossover clinical trial
AbstractPurposeThe aim of this study was to determine whether grape polyphenols have a “second-meal effect”, modulating glucose and lipid elevations in the postprandial period after two successive meals in subjects with obesity.MethodsA randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, acute clinical trial was conducted. Twenty-five obese subjects (BMI  =  ≥ 30 and 
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - January 2, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Improving the trustworthiness of findings from nutrition evidence syntheses: assessing risk of bias and rating the certainty of evidence
We describe currently used tools for RoB assessment (Cochrane RoB, and ROBINS-I), describe the importance of rigorou s RoB assessment in dietary studies and provide examples that further the understanding of the key issues to overcome in nutrition research. We then illustrate, by comparing the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) approach with current approaches used by United States Department of Agriculture Dietary Guidelines for Americans, and the World Cancer Research Fund, how to establish trust in dietary recommendations. Our overview shows that the GRADE approach provides more t...
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - December 30, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

B vitamin blood concentrations and one-carbon metabolism polymorphisms in a sample of Italian women and men attending a unit of transfusion medicine: a cross-sectional study
ConclusionAn Italian sample of healthy blood donors shows that an adequate concentration of plasma folate and vitamin B12 is reached only in a limited percentage of subjects, thus encouraging consideration for specific public health strategies. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - December 29, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Can the supplementary consumption of baobab ( Adansonia digitata L . ) fruit pulp improve the hemoglobin levels and iron status of schoolchildren in Kenya? Findings of a randomized controlled intervention trial
AbstractPurposeIn the rural Kenyan diet, the bioavailability of iron is low and predisposes the population to iron deficiency. Fruit pulp of the indigenous baobab tree contains significant amounts of vitamin C, which enhances non-heme  iron bioavailability. We studied the impact of baobab fruit pulp (BFP) consumption on the hemoglobin (Hb) and iron status of Kenyan schoolchildren.MethodsThe single-blind randomized controlled intervention trial was implemented daily among apparently healthy schoolchildren aged 6 –12 years with hemoglobin level 
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - December 23, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Association of low plasma antioxidant levels with all-cause mortality and coronary events in healthy middle-aged men from France and Northern Ireland in the PRIME study
ConclusionsLow antioxidant levels contribute to the gradient of all-cause mortality and cardiovascular incidence independent of lifestyle behaviours and traditional cardiovascular and socioeconomic risk factors. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - December 23, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Correction to: A single dose of purple grape juice improves physical performance and antioxidant activity in runners: a randomized, crossover, double-blind, placebo study
The article A single dose of purple grape juice improves physical performance and antioxidant activity in runners. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - December 23, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Correction to: The impact of Hayward green kiwifruit on dietary protein digestion and protein metabolism
The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake. Unfortunately, the Figs. 3 and 4 overlapped. Figures 3 and 4 should be. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - December 11, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Correction to: Dietary folate intake and metabolic syndrome in participants of PREDIMED ‑Plus study: a cross‑sectional study
The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake. Jos é M. Gámez was not listed among the authors. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - December 5, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Post-weight loss changes in fasting appetite- and energy balance-related hormone concentrations and the effect of the macronutrient content of a weight maintenance diet: a randomised controlled trial
AbstractPurposeWe investigated the effects of the macronutrient composition of diets with differing satiety values on fasting appetite-related hormone concentrations after weight loss and examined whether the hormone secretion adapted to changes in body fat mass (FM) and fat-free mass (FFM) during the weight maintenance period (WM).MethodsEighty-two men and women with obesity underwent a 7-week very-low-energy diet (VLED) and were then randomised to a higher-satiety food (HSF) group or a lower-satiety food (LSF) group during 24-weeks of the WM. The groups consumed isoenergetic foods with different satiety ratings and macro...
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - December 2, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

A bridge for short-chain fatty acids to affect inflammatory bowel disease, type 1 diabetes, and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease positively: by changing gut barrier
ConclusionsInfluencing gut barrier health may be a bridge for SCFAs (especially butyrate) to have positive effects on IBD, T1D, and NAFLD. It is expected that this article can provide new ideas for the subsequent research on the treatment of diseases by SCFAs and help SCFAs be better applied to precise and personalized treatment. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - November 12, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Vitamin D supplementation associated with physical exercise promotes a tolerogenic immune environment without effect on mammary tumour growth in C57BL/6 mice
This study aimed to evaluate the impact of VitD supplementation and imposed physical Ex on mammary tumour growth and immune response in ovariectomised mice fed high-fat (HF) diet.MethodsOvariectomised 33-week-old mice C57BL/6 (n = 60), housed in enriched environment (EE), were fed HF diet (450 kcal/100 g) supplemented or not with VitD (HF/HF + D: 125/1225 IU/100 g) for 12 weeks and submitted or not to Ex (HF + Ex; HF + D + Ex) on treadmill (45 min/day, 5 days/week). At w8, syngeneic tumour cells EO771 were orthotopicall...
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - November 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Association between flavonoid intake and risk of hypertension in two cohorts of Australian women: a longitudinal study
ConclusionHigher intakes of total flavonoids and subclasses were associated with a lower risk of hypertension in Australian women. These findings can be used in nutrition messaging and policies for improved cardiovascular health of women. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - November 7, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Glycemic control improvement in individuals with type 2 diabetes with vitamin K 2 supplementation: a randomized controlled trial
ConclusionDaily intake of 360  µg Vitamin K2 in the form of MK-7 for 12-weeks reduces FPG and HbA1c in patients with T2DM but does not have a lipid-lowering effect. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - November 7, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The association of dietary and plasma fatty acid composition with FTO gene expression in human visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissues
In this study, 97 participants aged  ≥ 18 years were selected from patients admitted to the hospital for abdominal surgeries. Habitual dietary intake of participants was collected using a valid and reliable food frequency questionnaire (FFQ), from which the intake of fatty acids was quantified. Plasma fatty acids were assessed by gas–liquid chromatography. The mRNA expression of the FTO gene in visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissues obtained by biopsy was measured by Real-Time Quantitative Reverse Transcription PCR. Standardized β-coefficients were calculated by multivariable linear regr...
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - November 6, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Association between animal source foods consumption and risk of hypertension: a cohort study
ConclusionThe compositional transformation substitution analysis considers the constrained and relative nature of food consumption. It is a flexible approach to estimating substitution effects using different patterns to obtain personalised estimation effects and provide individualised dietary recommendations. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - November 5, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

100% Fruit juice intake and cardiovascular risk: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective and randomised controlled studies
AbstractPurposeThe relationship between 100% fruit juice (100%FJ) consumption and cardiovascular risk is object of debate: indeed, recently published investigations provided new but discrepant evidence on this important question and International dietary guidelines are not in agreement on recommendations about fruit juice consumption. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis of the prospective studies and the randomised controlled trials (RCTs) that explored the relationship between 100%FJ intake, cardiovascular risk profile and risk of cardiovascular events.MethodsWe performed a systematic search of publications up to Augu...
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - November 4, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Effect of the intake of dietary protein on insulin resistance in subjects with obesity: a randomized controlled clinical trial
AbstractPurposeWe compared the effect of diets with different amounts and sources of dietary protein on insulin sensitivity (IS) in subjects with obesity and insulin resistance (IR).MethodsEighty subjects with obesity (BMI  ≥ 30 kg/m2) and IR (Matsuda index  
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - November 3, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The effect of obesity, macronutrients, fasting and nutritional status on drug-metabolizing cytochrome P450s: a systematic review of current evidence on human studies
ConclusionThe activity of drug-metabolizing CYPs are altered by body composition, dietary intake and nutritional status. This relationship might contribute to drug toxicity or reduce treatment efficacy and influence cost-effectiveness of medical care. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - November 3, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The overall diet quality in childhood is prospectively associated with the timing of puberty
ConclusionsOur data suggested a later puberty onset and later timing of progressed puberty stages in children with a high diet quality, which were independent of pre-pubertal body fat. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - November 2, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

CYP1A2 genotype and acute ergogenic effects of caffeine intake on exercise performance: a systematic review
ConclusionsCYP1A2 genotype variations may modulate caffeine ’s ergogenic effects, but the differences between genotypes were small, inconsistent, or limited to specific exercise scenarios. Future studies with larger sample sizes are needed to fully elucidate this research area. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - November 2, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The relationship between dietary patterns and grip strength in the general population: the TCLSIH cohort study
AbstractPurposePrevious studies have shown that many nutrients play an essential role in maintaining skeletal muscle strength. Hand grip strength (HGS) is frequently used as an objective and reliable method to evaluate overall body muscle strength and physical function. Some studies have demonstrated that some specific single nutrients such as PUFA, fiber, vitamin C, fruits and vegetables are associated with muscle strength. However, few studies have explored the relationship between dietary patterns and HGS in the adult population. The aim of this study was to investigate how dietary patterns are related to HGS in a large...
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - November 1, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Association between dietary patterns and prediabetes, undetected diabetes or clinically diagnosed diabetes: results from the KORA FF4 study
ConclusionTo our knowledge, the present study is one of the few investigating the association between dietary patterns and prediabetes or undetected diabetes. The use of a reference group exclusively including participants with normal glucose tolerance might explain the strong associations observed in our study. These results suggest a very important role of dietary habits in the prevention of prediabetes and type 2 diabetes. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - October 30, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Response of adult stem cell populations to a high-fat/high-fiber diet in skeletal muscle and adipose tissue of growing pigs divergently selected for feed efficiency
AbstractPurposeThe control of body composition by genetics and dietary nutrients is of the upmost importance for both human and animal physiology. Adult stem cells (aSC) may represent a relevant level of tissue adaptation. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of macronutrient composition on aSC populations isolated from adipose tissue or muscle in growing pigs.MethodsPigs from two lines divergently selected for feed efficiency were fed ad libitum either a high-fat/high-fiber (HF) diet or a low-fat/low-fiber (LF) diet (n = 6 per line and diet) from 74 to 132 days of age. Stroma vascular c...
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - October 30, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Association between coffee consumption and total dietary caffeine intake with cognitive functioning: cross-sectional assessment in an elderly Mediterranean population
ConclusionsCoffee consumption and total dietary caffeine intake were associated with better cognitive functioning as measured by various neuropsychological tests in a Mediterranean cohort of elderly individuals with MetS.Trial registrationISRCTN89898870. Registration date: July 24, 2014. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - October 30, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Possible association of vitamin D status with lung involvement and outcome in patients with COVID-19: a retrospective study
AbstractPurposeVitamin D deficiency has been reported as a key factor in the development of infectious diseases such as respiratory tract infections and inflammatory processes like acute respiratory distress syndrome. However, the impact of vitamin D on the severity and outcome of COVID-19 is still not fully known. Herein, we aimed to evaluate the prognostic role of serum vitamin D concentration on the extent of lung involvement and final outcome in patients with COVID-19.MethodsSeventy-three subjects with confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19 were investigated in this study. The patients had been admitted to our academic hospit...
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - October 30, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Effects of high intake of cod or salmon on gut microbiota profile, faecal output and serum concentrations of lipids and bile acids in overweight adults: a randomised clinical trial
ConclusionA high intake of cod or salmon fillet modulated gut microbiota but did not affect faecal output or serum concentrations of lipids and total bile acids.Clinical trial registrationThis trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT02350595. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - October 27, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Inulin supplementation ameliorates hyperuricemia and modulates gut microbiota in Uox -knockout mice
ConclusionsOur findings showed that inulin may be a promising therapeutic candidate for the treatment of hyperuricemia. Moreover, alleviation of hyperuricemia by inulin supplementation was, at least, partially conciliated by modulation of gut microbiota and its metabolites. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - October 26, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research