Association between traditional Korean fermented vegetables (kimchi) intake and serum lipid profile: using the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study (KoGES) cohort
ConclusionsAmong Korean adults, consumption of kimchi, particularly Baechu kimchi, was found to be associated with improvements in serum lipid profiles. Further studies are required to conduct additional interventions to confirm the association between kimchi and serum lipid profiles. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - May 21, 2024 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Environmental impact of the diet of young Portuguese and its relationship with adherence to the Mediterranean Diet
ConclusionsHigher adherence to the MD is associated with lower environmental impact, particularly in terms of acidification, eutrophication, and land use. Reducing meat consumption can contribute to greater environmental sustainability. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - May 19, 2024 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Saccharomyces boulardii improves clinical and paraclinical indices in overweight/obese knee osteoarthritis patients: a randomized triple-blind placebo-controlled trial
ConclusionProbiotic S. boulardii supplementation in patients with KOA significantly improved pain intensity, some dimensions of QoL, and inflammatory and oxidative stress biomarkers with no severe side effects.Trial registryRegistered on the Iranian clinical trial website (http://www.irct.ir: IRCT20161022030424N4) on 2019-09-02. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - May 18, 2024 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The effect of niacin on inflammatory markers and adipokines: a systematic review and meta-analysis of interventional studies
ConclusionNiacin treatment is associated with significant reductions in CRP and TNF- α levels, suggesting potential anti-inflammatory effects. Additionally, niacin positively influences adipokines, increasing Adiponectin and Leptin levels. These findings provide insights for future research and clinical applications targeting inflammation and metabolic dysregulation. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - May 18, 2024 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Higher plant-derived nitrate intake is associated with lower odds of frailty in a cross-sectional study of community-dwelling older women
ConclusionCommunity-dwelling older women consuming low amounts of plant-derived nitrate were more likely to present with frailty. Consuming at least one daily serving (~  75 g) of nitrate-rich green leafy vegetables may be beneficial in preventing frailty. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - May 18, 2024 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

N-3 PUFA supplementation alleviates anxiety symptoms by manipulating erythrocyte fatty acid levels in depression
ConclusionThese data suggest that the anxiolytic effect exerted by n-3 PUFAs in first-diagnosed, drug-na ïve depression is manipulated by erythrocyte fatty acid levels. Saturated fatty acid levels have an important role in predicting the severity of anxiety symptoms. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - May 17, 2024 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Low β-carotene bioaccessibility and bioavailability from high fat, dairy-based meal
ConclusionThe low β-carotene bioavailability is probably due to a combination of the metabolism of β-carotene to retinol by BCMO1 and interactions of β-carotene with the food matrix, decreasing the bioaccessibility.Trail registrationThe human trail was retrospectively registered (ClinicalTrail.gov ID: NCT05840848). (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - May 16, 2024 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Associations of plant-based foods, red and processed meat, and dairy with gut microbiome in Finnish adults
ConclusionOur results suggest a potential association between plant-based foods and dairy or their subgroups with microbial diversity measures. Furthermore, our findings indicated that all the food groups were associated with distinct overall microbial community compositions. Plant-based food consumption particularly was associated with a larger number of putative beneficial species. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - May 16, 2024 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Dietary omega-3 fatty acids modulate the production of platelet-derived microvesicles in an in vivo inflammatory arthritis model
ConclusionOur study provides insight into the contribution of ω-3 PUFA supplementation in modulating the pro-inflammatory phenotype of platelets in RA pathology. Furthermore, our study suggests that low concentrations of dietaryB. arvensis oil may have similar anti-inflammatory potential seen with dietary fish oil supplementation. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - May 16, 2024 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Plant-based diet adherence is associated with metabolic health status in adults living with and without obesity
ConclusionThese findings provide evidence that more unhealthful plant-based diets may be linked with unfavourable metabolic health status, irrespective of BMI. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - May 16, 2024 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The combination of Butyricicoccus pullicaecorum and 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid prevents postmenopausal osteoporosis by modulating gut microbiota and Th17/Treg
ConclusionThe combination therapy ofBp and 3-HAA can prevent PMO by modulating the gut microbiota and restoring Th17/Treg immune homeostasis. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - May 16, 2024 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Ginseng-DF ameliorates intestinal mucosal barrier injury and enhances immunity in immunosuppressed mice by regulating MAPK/NF- κB signaling pathways
ConclusionGinseng-DF can be used as a safe dietary supplement to enhance body immunity and reduce intestinal mucosal injury caused by CTX. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - May 15, 2024 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The impact of nutrition on psycho-affective status in an older Cretan population: a cross-sectional study
ConclusionA predominantly vegetable-based diet —with the notable exception of fruits and legumes—was associated with better cognitive status in males, albeit not in females. A higher intake of fruit, as well as fish, chicken meat, and cheese among males was associated with a better affective status, indicating that adequate protein supply ma y play a role in maintaining emotional balance. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - May 14, 2024 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Effects of chronic exposure to a high fat diet, nutritive or non-nutritive sweeteners on hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) and -gonadal (HPG) axes of male Sprague-Dawley rats
ConclusionLong-term consumption of HFD, fructose or sucralose manifested deleterious effects on endocrine system and resulted in the dysregulation of HPA and HPG axes. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - May 14, 2024 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Lactobacillus paracasei Jlus66 relieves DSS-induced ulcerative colitis in a murine model by maintaining intestinal barrier integrity, inhibiting inflammation, and improving intestinal microbiota structure
ConclusionIn conclusion, these data indicate that Jlus66 can alter the intestinal biota and slow the progression of UC, providing new insights into potential therapeutic strategies for UC. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - May 11, 2024 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research