A single dose of purple grape juice improves physical performance and antioxidant activity in runners: a randomized, crossover, double-blind, placebo study
ConclusionThe single-dose intake of purple grape juice demonstrated an ergogenic effect in recreational runners by increasing run time to exhaustion and increasing antioxidant activity. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - September 19, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Tuscany Sangiovese grape juice imparts cardioprotection by regulating gene expression of cardioprotective C-type natriuretic peptide
ConclusionsOur results open new avenue in the development of functional foods aimed at enhancing cardioprotection of infarcted hearts through action on the myocardial epigenome. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - September 19, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The ‘Seal’ of Sir Shackleton
(Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - September 19, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Reply to: The ‘Seal’ of Sir Shackleton
(Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - September 19, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Introduction to: The ‘Seal’ of Sir Shackleton
(Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - September 19, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Association of sugar-sweetened beverage and artificially sweetened beverage intakes with mortality: an analysis of US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
ConclusionHigher SSB intakes were associated with higher risks of all-cause mortality and heart disease mortality. High ASB intakes were not significantly associated with mortality. ASBs, unsweetened coffees and teas, and plain water might be optional alternatives for reducing SSB intakes. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - September 18, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Anthocyanins regulate serum adipsin and visfatin in patients with prediabetes or newly diagnosed diabetes: a randomized controlled trial
ConclusionPurified anthocyanins supplementation for 12  weeks increased serum adipsin and decreased serum visfatin in patients with prediabetes or newly diagnosed diabetes.Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov, identifier: NCT02689765. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - September 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Sex-dependent association between selenium status and cognitive performance in older adults
ConclusionThis study provides the first evidence for sex differences in the association between Se status and cognitive performance in older adults. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - September 12, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Possible links between gut –microbiota and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorders in children and adolescents
The objective of this review was to summarize the diversity of the gut–microbiota and taxonomic profiles in children and adolescents with ADHD. In this review, we have provided an overview of the association between ADHD and gut–microbiota. The evidence pertinent to potentially distinctive gut–microbiota in children and adolescents with ADHD is also discussed and compared to that of their non-ADHD peers. Finally, the implications and future directions for investigation into the gut microbiome in ADHD patients are proposed. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - September 11, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Betaine and choline status modify the effects of folic acid and creatine supplementation on arsenic methylation in a randomized controlled trial of Bangladeshi adults
AbstractPurposeMethylation of ingested inorganic arsenic (InAs) to monomethyl- (MMAs) and dimethyl-arsenical species (DMAs) facilitates urinary arsenic elimination. Folate and creatine supplementation influenced arsenic methylation in a randomized controlled trial. Here, we examine if baseline status of one-carbon metabolism nutrients (folate, choline, betaine, and vitamin B12) modified the effects of FA and creatine supplementation on changes in homocysteine, guanidinoacetate (GAA), total blood arsenic, and urinary arsenic metabolite proportions and indices.MethodsStudy participants (N = 622) received 400 or...
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - September 11, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Chitosan alleviated menopausal symptoms and modulated the gut microbiota in estrogen-deficient rats
The objective of the present study was to assess whether consuming the prebiotics chitosan and citrus pectin can improve postmenopausal symptoms, possibly by modulating the gut microbiota in ovariectomized (OVX) rats, and the mechanism of action was examined.MethodsThe OVX rats were given 4.5% cellulose (OVX-Control), chitosan (OVX-Chitosan), or citrus pectin (OVX-Pectin) in a 43% fat diet and the sham rats were given the same diet as the OVX-Control for 12  weeks. Sham-operated rats had the same diet as OVX-Control (Normal-Control). Body-weight, visceral fat mass, tail skin temperature, serum 17β-estradiol, gluc...
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - September 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Correction to: Comparison of the effects of weight loss from a high-protein versus standard-protein energy-restricted diet on strength and aerobic capacity in overweight and obese men
The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - September 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Omega-3 fatty acid intake and decreased risk of skin cancer in organ transplant recipients
ConclusionAmong organ transplant recipients, relatively high intakes of long-chain omega-3 PUFAs and of α-linolenic acid may reduce risks of SCC and BCC, respectively. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - September 9, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Anxiety is a potential effect modifier of the association between red and processed meat consumption and cancer risk: findings from the NutriNet-Sant é cohort
ConclusionsOur results strengthen the existing body of evidence supporting that red and processed meat consumption and heme iron intake are associated with an increased risk of overall and more specifically colorectal cancer, and suggest that anxiety modifies these associations, with an increased risk in anxious participants. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - September 5, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Using wearable cameras to monitor eating and drinking behaviours during transport journeys
ConclusionThis study confirms that transport is a potential setting for intervention. Young adults are consuming discretionary food and beverages during transport which may contribute to energy-dense diets and compromise diet quality. Substituting unhealthy with healthy food advertising and potentially prohibiting eating and drinking whilst on public transport is suggested. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - September 4, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The effect of Nigella sativa supplementation on cardiovascular risk factors in obese and overweight women: a crossover, double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial
AbstractPurposeTo assess the effect ofNigella sativa (N.S) oil supplements on CVD risk factors in a crossover design for the first time.MethodsObese and overweight healthy women were randomized to receive N.S oil (2000  mg/day) and placebo. This intervention period lasted for 8 weeks and separated by a 4-week washout period. An iso-caloric diet was given to every individual throughout the study. Blood pressure, lipid profile, atherogenic indices and liver enzymes were measured. Pkcross procedure was performed fo r statistical analyses using Stata software.Cohen ’s d was estimated as effect size for all outc...
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - September 2, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Protein and amino acid digestibility of 15 N Spirulina in rats
ConclusionThe nitrogen and amino acid digestibility of Spirulina is relatively low, and showed no effect of prior sonication. Its amino acid composition is relatively well balanced but not enough to compensate for the poor digestibility. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - September 1, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Maternal high-protein diet modulates hepatic growth axis in weaning piglets by reprogramming the IGFBP - 3 gene
ConclusionsTaken together, these results suggest that a maternal high-protein diet during gestation epigenetically reprogramsIGFBP-3 gene expression to modulate the hepatic growth axis in weaning piglets. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - August 13, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Within-group comparisons led to unsubstantiated conclusions in “Low-phytate wholegrain bread instead of high-phytate wholegrain bread in a total diet context did not improve iron status of healthy Swedish females: a 12-week, randomized, parallel-design intervention Study”
(Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - August 13, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Sodium and potassium intakes in the Kazakhstan population estimated using 24-h urinary excretion: evidence for national action
ConclusionMean sodium consumption in Kazakhstan was more than triple the WHO ’s recommended maximum, and mean potassium consumption was below the recommended minimum. National efforts to lower sodium intake and increase potassium intake are needed and would likely prevent ample premature deaths and disease burden. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - August 4, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Improved metabolic function and cognitive performance in middle-aged adults following a single dose of wild blueberry
ConclusionsThis study indicated acute cognitive benefits of WBB intake in cognitively healthy middle-aged individuals, particularly in the context of demanding tasks and cognitive fatigue. WBB improved glucose and insulin responses to a meal. Further research is required to elucidate the underlying mechanism by which WBB improves cognitive function. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - August 3, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Daily intake of wheat germ-enriched bread may promote a healthy gut bacterial microbiota: a randomised controlled trial
ConclusionsAdding wheat germ to industrially made white bread without altering sensory properties may promote a healthy gut bacterial microbiota and the gastrointestinal health. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - July 11, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Probiotics modulate the gut microbiota composition and immune responses in patients with atopic dermatitis: a pilot study
ConclusionThe results indicated a positive correlation between decreased SCORAD index and CCFM8610 treatment, and that CCFM8610 regulated the immune responses in AD patients. CCFM8610 treatment influences the gut microbiota composition and functional changes. In conclusion,L. plantarum CCFM8610 exerts the strain-specific amelioration effects on patients with AD.Trial registration: ChiCTR1800015330 (Clinicaltrials.gov Identifier). (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - July 11, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Long-term dietary adherence and changes in dietary intake in coronary patients after intervention with a Mediterranean diet or a low-fat diet: the CORDIOPREV randomized trial
ConclusionsA comprehensive dietary intervention results in an overall long-term improvement and maintenance of adherence to the Mediterranean and low-fat diets. In our population, the Mediterranean diet group achieved a high level of adherence in the short term which was maintained in the long term. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - July 11, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Intake of fibre and plant foods and the risk of abdominal aortic aneurysm in a large prospective cohort study in Sweden
ConclusionsA high intake of fruits and berries and vegetables, in particular leaf vegetables, are associated with a decreased risk of developing AAA. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - July 11, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

A healthy lifestyle pattern is associated with a metabolically healthy phenotype in overweight and obese adults: a cross-sectional study
This study tried at  identifying lifestyle patterns in a sample of Lebanese adults and investigating their association with metabolically healthy overweight and obesity (MHOv/O).MethodsThis study used data from a community-based survey of Lebanese adults living in Greater Beirut (n = 305). Dietary intake was assessed using an 80-item food frequency questionnaire. MHOv/O was defined as having one or none of the following metabolic abnormalities: triglycerides ≥ 150 mg/dL; systolic blood pressure ≥ 130 mmHg; diastolic blood pressure ≥ 85 mmH...
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - July 11, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Estimation and consumption pattern of free sugar intake in 3-year-old Irish preschool children
ConclusionsA large majority of 3-year-old Irish children do not meet the WHO recommended guidelines for FS intake and almost none meet the desired conditional recommendation. SFQs only capture two-thirds of FS intake at this early age. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - July 11, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Dietary protein and appetite sensations in individuals with overweight and obesity: a systematic review
ConclusionOur results suggest that among individuals with overweight or obesity, higher dietary protein intake may influence appetite sensations by enhancing fullness or satiety. The low level of evidence, due to the heterogeneity of the protocols and the high risk of bias, highlights the need for further studies to confirm these results. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - July 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Short-term, but not acute, intake of New Zealand blackcurrant extract improves insulin sensitivity and free-living postprandial glucose excursions in individuals with overweight or obesity
AbstractImpaired postprandial glucose handling and low-grade systemic inflammation are risk factors for developing insulin resistance in individuals with overweight or obesity. Acute ingestion of anthocyanins improves postprandial glucose responses to a single carbohydrate-rich meal under strictly controlled conditions.PurposeExamine whether acute and short-term supplementation with anthocyanin-rich New Zealand blackcurrant (NZBC) extract can improve postprandial glucose responses to mixed-macronutrient meals.MethodsTwenty-five overweight (BMI  >  25 kg m2) sedentary individuals participated in o...
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - July 9, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Reply to: Pelargonidin and its glycosides as dietary chemopreventives attenuating inflammatory bowel disease symptoms through the aryl hydrocarbon receptor
(Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - July 9, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Correction to: Low-phytate wholegrain bread instead of high-phytate wholegrain bread in a total diet context did not improve iron status of healthy Swedish females: a 12 week, randomized, parallel-design intervention study
ue to author error the paper was published wit (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - July 9, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Reply to the comments by Vorland et al. on our paper: “low-phytate wholegrain bread instead of high-phytate wholegrain bread in a total diet context did not improve iron status of healthy Swedish females: a 12-week, randomized, parallel-design intervention study”
(Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - July 9, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Pelargonidin and its glycosides as dietary chemopreventives attenuating inflammatory bowel disease symptoms through the aryl hydrocarbon receptor
(Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - July 9, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Effect of a functional fibre supplement on glycemic control when added to a year-long medically supervised weight management program in adults with type 2 diabetes
ConclusionAdding PGX to a weight management program for individuals with T2D provides a sustained reduction in HbA1c compared to placebo. Improvements in other metabolic outcomes suggest that PGX may be a promising adjunct to weight loss programs in patients with T2D.Clinical trialThis trial was registered at ClinicalTrials.gov as NCT01644201. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - July 8, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Hydration for health hypothesis: a narrative review of supporting evidence
ConclusionIn order to ensure optimal hydration, it is proposed that optimal total water intake should approach 2.5 to 3.5 L  day−1 to allow for the daily excretion of 2 to 3  L of dilute (
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - July 6, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Correction to: Prebiotic effect of inulin ‑type fructans on faecal microbiota and short‑chain fatty acids in type 2 diabetes: a randomised controlled trial
The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake. The presentation of Fig.  4 was incorrect. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - July 6, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Caribbean nutrition transition: what can we learn from dietary patterns in the French West Indies?
ConclusionThe co-existing dietary patterns in the French West Indies, marked by a generational contrast, seem to reflect different steps in dietary change as described in the literature, suggesting an ongoing nutrition transition. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - July 4, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Baseline iron and low-grade inflammation modulate the effectiveness of iron supplementation: evidence from follow-up of pregnant Sri Lankan women
AbstractPurposeWe evaluated the effectiveness of iron supplementation in relation to baseline iron and inflammatory status of pregnant women and their offspring in Sri Lanka.MethodsApparently healthy women aged 18 –36 years at   5 
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - July 1, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Traditional Eastern European diet and mortality: prospective evidence from the HAPIEE study
ConclusionOur results suggest that traditional eating habits may contribute to the poor health status, particularly the high CVD mortality rates, of populations in Eastern Europe. Adequate public health nutritional interventions in this region are essential. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - July 1, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Serum choline in extremely preterm infants declines with increasing parenteral nutrition
AbstractPurposeCholine is an essential nutrient for fetal and infant growth and development. Parenteral nutrition used in neonatal care lack free choline but contain small amounts of lipid-bound choline in the form of phosphatidylcholine (PC). Here, we examined the longitudinal development of serum free choline and metabolically related compounds betaine and methionine in extremely preterm infants and how the concentrations were affected by the proportion of parenteral fluids the infants received during the first 28 postnatal days (PNDs).MethodsThis prospective study included 87 infants born at gestational age (GA)  
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - June 25, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Depressive symptoms, fruit and vegetables consumption and urinary 3-indoxylsulfate concentration: a nested case –control study in the French Nutrinet-Sante cohort
AbstractPurposePrevious epidemiologic studies have provided some evidence of an inverse association between fruit and vegetables consumption and risk of developing recurrent depressive symptoms. This association could possibly be explained by the role of such dietary factors on the gut microbiota. Especially, indole, a metabolite of tryptophan produced by gut bacteria, may be associated with the development of mood disorders. Thus, the purpose of this study was to investigate relationships between fruit and vegetables intake, recurrent depressive symptoms and indole, using measurement of its main urinary excretion form, i....
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - June 25, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Unmetabolized folic acid is associated with TNF- α, IL-1β and IL-12 concentrations in a population exposed to mandatory food fortification with folic acid: a cross-sectional population-based study in Sao Paulo, Brazil
ConclusionUMFA concentrations were inversely associated with elevated proinflammatory markers (TNF- α, IL-1β and IL-12). These results signalize a link between folate metabolism and the inflammatory status of adults in an apparently folate-replete population. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - June 25, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Whole milk consumption is associated with lower risk of coronary artery calcification progression: evidences from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis
In this study, we attempted to investigate the relationship between whole milk consumption and CAC progression, and the potential effect of SCFA in it.MethodsWe analyzed a population-based cohort with 5273 participants from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) who completed a dietary questionnaire at baseline. CAC was measured at baseline and subsequent follow-up examinations by multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) scans with Agatston scores. CAC progression was defined as increased CAC scores in the follow-up from the baseline exam.ResultsParticipants consuming whole milk exhibited lower baseline CAC and ...
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - June 24, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Assessing the impact of drinking water iodine concentrations on the iodine intake of Chinese pregnant women living in areas with restricted iodized salt supply
AbstractPurposeThe supply of non-iodized salt and the water improvement project have been conducted to reduce the iodine concentration in drinking water in areas with elevated water iodine. We aimed to assess the impact of water iodine concentration (WIC) on the iodine intake of pregnant women in areas with restricted iodized salt supply, and determine the cutoff values of WIC in areas with non-iodized salt supply.MethodsOverall, 534 pregnant women who attended routine antenatal outpatient visits in Zibo Maternal and Child Health Hospital in Gaoqing County were recruited. The 24-h urine iodine excretion (UIE) in 534 sample...
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - June 23, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Association of antenatal vitamin B complex supplementation with neonatal vitamin B 12 status: evidence from a cluster randomized controlled trial
AbstractPurposeEvidence about the effect of maternal vitamin B12 supplementation on offspring ’s vitamin B12 status is limited. The present interventional study sought to evaluate the association of antenatal vitamin B complex supplementation with neonatal vitamin B12 status.MethodsIn an ongoing cluster randomized controlled trial conducted in three rural counties in northwest China, pregnant women  
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - June 23, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Dietary glycemic index, glycemic load and risk of bladder cancer: a prospective study
ConclusionIn summary, analysis of the PLCO cohort did not provide evidence that higher GI or GL diets were associated with greater bladder cancer risk. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - June 23, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Extended healthy lifestyle index and colorectal cancer risk in the Moroccan population
ConclusionCombined healthy lifestyle factors are associated with a significantly lower incidence of CRC in Moroccan populations. Prevention strategies should consider targeting of multiple lifestyle factors. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - June 22, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Whey protein consumption following fasted exercise reduces early postprandial glycaemia in centrally obese males: a randomised controlled trial
ConclusionFollowing fasted low –moderate-intensity exercise, consuming whey protein before breakfast may improve postprandial glucose excursions, without influencing appetite or subsequent energy intake, in centrally obese males.Trial registration numberNCT02714309. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - June 22, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Breast milk n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids and blood pressure: an individual participant meta-analysis
ConclusionIn this individual participant meta-analysis, we found no evidence for an association between breast milk n-3 LC PUFAs and BP. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - June 20, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Comparative transcriptome and microbiota analyses provide new insights into the adverse effects of industrial trans fatty acids on the small intestine of C57BL/6 mice
ConclusionOur research demonstrated multiple adverse effects ofiTFA that may have originated from the small intestine. This finding could be to facilitate the development of new strategies to suppressiTFA-related diseases by reversing the adverse effects ofiTFA on intestinal health. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - June 20, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research