Advances in dietary pattern analysis in nutritional epidemiology
ConclusionBiological factors like the metabolome and the microbiome are crucial to understand diet-disease relationships. Therefore, the inclusion of these factors in DP analysis might provide deeper insights. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - November 9, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Biomarkers of fatty acid intake are independently associated with preclinical atherosclerosis in individuals with type 1 diabetes
AbstractPurposeInformation on the association between diet and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in type 1 diabetes (T1D) is scarce. We assessed the association between biomarkers of fatty acid (FA) intake and the presence of carotid plaques (a surrogate marker of future CVD events) in this high-risk population.MethodsCross-sectional study in 167 consecutive T1D patients without CVD and with at least one of the following:  ≥ 40 years, diabetic nephropathy, or ≥ 10 years of T1D duration with another CVD risk factor. The FA profile of erythrocyte membranes was determined by gas chromato...
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - November 9, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Impact of dietary supplementation with resistant dextrin (NUTRIOSE ®) on satiety, glycaemia, and related endpoints, in healthy adults
AbstractPurposeResistant dextrin (RD) supplementation has been shown to alter satiety, glycaemia, and body weight, in overweight Chinese men; however, there are limited data on its effects in other demographic groups. Here, we investigated the effects of RD on satiety in healthy adults living in the United Kingdom.Methods20 normal weight and 16 overweight adults completed this randomised controlled cross-over study. Either RD (14  g/day NUTRIOSE® FB06) or maltodextrin control was consumed in mid-morning and mid-afternoon preload beverages over a 28-day treatment period with crossover after a 28-day washout. During...
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - November 9, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Less than half of the European dietary recommendations for fish consumption are satisfied by national seafood supplies
ConclusionsOur findings emphasise the need to not only consider consumer health outcomes when developing and advocating dietary recommendations, but also the sustainability of food production systems. As many foods are not necessarily locally sourced but traded as part of global production and distribution systems, it is important to consider greater consistency between national dietary recommendations to facilitate more sustainable marine food systems. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - November 9, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The associations of gut microbiota and fecal short-chain fatty acids with bone mass were largely mediated by weight status: a cross-sectional study
ConclusionsThe associations of gut microbiota composition and fecal SCFA concentrations with bone mass in children were largely mediated by body weight. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - November 9, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Independent and opposing associations of dietary phytosterols intake and PLCE1 rs2274223 polymorphisms on esophageal squamous cell carcinoma risk
This study was to evaluate the associations of dietary intake of total and specific phytosterols and risk of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and to explore their joint effects with PLCE1 rs2274223 polymorphisms.MethodsA population-based case –control study was conducted in a Chinese rural population and 856 eligible incident ESCC cases and 856 controls were included. A validated food frequency questionnaire was used to collect dietary consumption and PLCE1 rs2274223 polymorphisms were genotyped. Unadjusted and adjusted odds ratios (OR s) with 95% confidence interval (CI) were assessed via logistic regressio...
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - November 9, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The determinants and longitudinal changes in vitamin D status in middle-age: a Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966 study
We examined the effect of VitD intake from the diet and supplementation, body mass index and previous 25(OH)D concentration on 25(OH)D concentration at 46 years using a multivariable linear regression analysis. A 25(OH)Dz score adjusted for sex, season, latitude and technical effect was used  in the analysis.ResultsWe observed an increase of 10.6  nmol/L in 25(OH)D, when the baseline 25(OH)D was 54.3 nmol/L. The prevalence of serum 25(OH)D below 
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - November 9, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

A metabolome and microbiome wide association study of healthy eating index points to the mechanisms linking dietary pattern and metabolic status
ConclusionsOur multi-omic analysis demonstrated that changes in metabolism, measured by either circulatory/gut metabolites or metabolic pathways, are influenced by not only diet quality but also gut microbiome alterations shaped by the quality of diet consumed. Future work is needed to explore the causality in the interplay between HEI and gut-microbiome composition in metabolism. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - November 9, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Dietary vitamin D intake and colorectal cancer risk: a longitudinal approach within the PREDIMED study
ConclusionA higher dietary intake of vitamin D was significantly associated with a reduced CRC risk in individuals at high cardiovascular risk. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - November 9, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Organic food use, meat intake, and prevalence of gestational diabetes: KOALA birth cohort study
ConclusionsDue to the low number of participants with GD, results have to be interpreted cautiously. Consumption of organic food during pregnancy does not seem to be markedly associated with a lower GD prevalence; lower intake of meat and cheese, irrespective of its origin (organic or conventional), does. The latter supports previous studies suggesting a causal association between consumption of animal products and GD. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - November 9, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Modulation of gut microbiota protects against viral respiratory tract infections: a systematic review of animal and clinical studies
ConclusionModulation of gut microbiota represents a promising approach against viral RTIs via host innate and adaptive immunity regulation. Further research should focus on next generation probiotics specific to viral types in prevention and treatment of emerging viral RTIs. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - November 9, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Effects of yeast β-glucans for the prevention and treatment of upper respiratory tract infection in healthy subjects: a systematic review and meta-analysis
AbstractPurposeYeast β-glucans are known for their immune-modulating effects; however, their effects on human upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) remain unclear. The aim of the present study was to use a systematic review and meta-analysis approach to investigate the effects of yeast β-glucans for the preventio n and treatment of URTIs in healthy subjects.MethodsDatabases including Pubmed, Web of Science, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library were searched and 13 RCTs investigating the effects of yeast β-glucans on the incidence, duration, and severity of URTIs in healthy subjects were included.ResultsThe r...
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - November 9, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The endocannabinoid system is modulated in reward and homeostatic brain regions following diet-induced obesity in rats: a cluster analysis approach
ConclusionsTranscriptional data are consistent with observations of altered dopamine function in rodents that have access to an obesogenic diet and point to cannabinoid receptors as GPCR targets involved in neuroplasticity mechanisms associated with maladaptive intake of palatable food. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - November 9, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Extraction and characterisation of arabinoxylan from brewers spent grain and investigation of microbiome modulation potential
In this study, the application of a simultaneous saccharification and fermentation process for the extraction and solubilisation of arabinoxylan from BSG is demonstrated.ResultsProcessing of the BSG was varied to modulate the physicochemical and molecular characteristic of the released arabinoxylan. The maximum level of arabinoxylan solubilisation achieved was approximately 21%, compared to the unprocessed BSG which contained no soluble arabinoxylan (AX). Concentration of the solubilised material produced a sample containing 99% soluble AX. Samples were investigated for their microbiome modulating capacity inin-vitro faeca...
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - November 9, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Effects of very low-carbohydrate vs. high-carbohydrate weight loss diets on psychological health in adults with obesity and type 2 diabetes: a 2-year randomized controlled trial
This study reports the effects of a LC diet on mood and cognitive function after 2 years and explores the potential predictors of changes in psychological health.Methods115 adults (57% males; age: 58.5  ± 7.1 years) with obesity and T2DM were randomized to consume an energy reduced (~ 500 to 1000 kcal/day deficit), LC diet [14% energy as carbohydrate, 28% protein, 58% fat (
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - November 9, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

p value variability and subgroup testing
This article discusses the variability and randomness ofp values, the most widely used currency of evidence in nutritional and health studies. One implication of this, the importance of always testing interaction terms when subgroups are examined and presented separately is also discussed. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - November 9, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Correction to: Impact of dietary supplementation with resistant dextrin (NUTRIOSE ®) on satiety, glycaemia, and related endpoints, in healthy adults
(Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - November 9, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Independent and opposing associations of dietary phytosterols intake and PLCE1 rs2274223 polymorphisms on esophageal squamous cell carcinoma risk
This study was to evaluate the associations of dietary intake of total and specific phytosterols and risk of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and to explore their joint effects with PLCE1 rs2274223 polymorphisms.MethodsA population-based case –control study was conducted in a Chinese rural population and 856 eligible incident ESCC cases and 856 controls were included. A validated food frequency questionnaire was used to collect dietary consumption and PLCE1 rs2274223 polymorphisms were genotyped. Unadjusted and adjusted odds ratios (OR s) with 95% confidence interval (CI) were assessed via logistic regressio...
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - November 7, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

A metabolome and microbiome wide association study of healthy eating index points to the mechanisms linking dietary pattern and metabolic status
ConclusionsOur multi-omic analysis demonstrated that changes in metabolism, measured by either circulatory/gut metabolites or metabolic pathways, are influenced by not only diet quality but also gut microbiome alterations shaped by the quality of diet consumed. Future work is needed to explore the causality in the interplay between HEI and gut-microbiome composition in metabolism. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - November 7, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Dietary vitamin D intake and colorectal cancer risk: a longitudinal approach within the PREDIMED study
ConclusionA higher dietary intake of vitamin D was significantly associated with a reduced CRC risk in individuals at high cardiovascular risk. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - November 7, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Extraction and characterisation of arabinoxylan from brewers spent grain and investigation of microbiome modulation potential
In this study, the application of a simultaneous saccharification and fermentation process for the extraction and solubilisation of arabinoxylan from BSG is demonstrated.ResultsProcessing of the BSG was varied to modulate the physicochemical and molecular characteristic of the released arabinoxylan. The maximum level of arabinoxylan solubilisation achieved was approximately 21%, compared to the unprocessed BSG which contained no soluble arabinoxylan (AX). Concentration of the solubilised material produced a sample containing 99% soluble AX. Samples were investigated for their microbiome modulating capacity inin-vitro faeca...
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - November 7, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Correction to: Impact of dietary supplementation with resistant dextrin (NUTRIOSE ®) on satiety, glycaemia, and related endpoints, in healthy adults
(Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - November 7, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Exploration of the optimal range of urinary iodine concentration in Chinese pregnant women in mildly iodine-deficient and -sufficient areas
This study aimed to explore associations between maternal UIC and thyroid function in iodine sufficient and mildly iodine deficient areas.MethodsIt was a cross-sectional study in which 1461 healthy pregnant women were enrolled to collect their blood and urine samples during their routine antenatal care in Tianjin and Wuqiang, China. Wuqiang was a mildly iodine-deficient region, while Tianjin was iodine sufficient. UIC, free triiodothyronine (FT3), free thyroid hormone (FT4), thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb), thyroglobulin antibody (TgAb), serum iodine concentration (SIC) including tota...
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - November 5, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Higher bacterial DNAemia can affect the impact of a polyphenol-rich dietary pattern on biomarkers of intestinal permeability and cardiovascular risk in older subjects
ConclusionsThis study shows that older subjects with higher bacterial DNAemia experienced a beneficial effect from a polyphenol-rich diet. Bacterial DNAemia may be a further relevant marker for the identification of target populations that could benefit more from a protective dietary treatment.RegistrationThis trial was retrospectively registered atwww.isrctn.org (ISRCTN10214981) on April 28, 2017. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - November 2, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The effect of l-carnitine supplementation on insulin resistance, sex hormone-binding globulin and lipid profile in overweight/obese women with polycystic ovary syndrome: a randomized clinical trial
Conclusion12-weekl-carnitine supplementation in overweight or obese women with PCOS ameliorate insulin resistance, but has no effect on SHBG and lipid profile. Studies with higher dosages and duration ofl-carnitine intake are required. The trial was registered on 30 December 2019 at Iranian Registry of Clinical Trials IRCT20191016045131N1.Trial registrationRegistered on 30th December 2019 at Iranian Registry of Clinical Trials (IRCT20191016045131N1). (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - November 2, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Dairy intake and long-term body weight status in German children and adolescents: results from the DONALD study
ConclusionIncreases in TD, LD, and LSD intake showed small but significant increases in BMI and concomitant increases in fat mass and lean mass. However, the observed changes were too small to expect biological or physiological meaningful effects. Overall, our results showed that policies to promote dairy intake in childhood are to be welcomed, as no negative effects on body composition are expected, while the intake of important nutrients for growth is ensured. The type of dairy does not seem to matter. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - October 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

FADS1 rs174550 genotype and high linoleic acid diet modify plasma PUFA phospholipids in a dietary intervention study
ConclusionOur findings show that bothFADS1 rs174550 genotype and high-LA diet modify plasma phospholipid composition.Trial registrationThe study was registered to ClinicalTrials: NCT02543216, September 7, 2015 (retrospectively registered). (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - October 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Adapted dietary inflammatory index and differentiated thyroid carcinoma risk in two French population-based case –control studies
ConclusionOur study suggests that a pro-inflammatory diet is associated with an increased risk of DTC, especially when combined with other inflammatory conditions such as tobacco smoking or overweight. Our findings will help better understand the role of diet-induced inflammation in DTC etiology. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - October 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Dairy intake and long-term body weight status in German children and adolescents: results from the DONALD study
ConclusionIncreases in TD, LD, and LSD intake showed small but significant increases in BMI and concomitant increases in fat mass and lean mass. However, the observed changes were too small to expect biological or physiological meaningful effects. Overall, our results showed that policies to promote dairy intake in childhood are to be welcomed, as no negative effects on body composition are expected, while the intake of important nutrients for growth is ensured. The type of dairy does not seem to matter. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - October 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

FADS1 rs174550 genotype and high linoleic acid diet modify plasma PUFA phospholipids in a dietary intervention study
ConclusionOur findings show that bothFADS1 rs174550 genotype and high-LA diet modify plasma phospholipid composition.Trial registrationThe study was registered to ClinicalTrials: NCT02543216, September 7, 2015 (retrospectively registered). (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - October 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Adapted dietary inflammatory index and differentiated thyroid carcinoma risk in two French population-based case –control studies
ConclusionOur study suggests that a pro-inflammatory diet is associated with an increased risk of DTC, especially when combined with other inflammatory conditions such as tobacco smoking or overweight. Our findings will help better understand the role of diet-induced inflammation in DTC etiology. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - October 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Hemp and buckwheat are valuable sources of dietary amino acids, beneficially modulating gastrointestinal hormones and promoting satiety in healthy volunteers
This study evaluated the postprandial effects following consumption of buckwheat, fava bean, pea, hemp and lupin compared to meat (beef); focussing on biomarkers of satiety, gut hormones, aminoacids and plant metabolites bioavailability and metabolism.MethodsTen subjects (n = 3 men;n = 7 women; 42 ± 11.8 years of age; BMI 26 ± 5.8 kg/m2) participated in six 1-day independent acute interventions, each meal containing 30  g of protein from buckwheat, fava bean, pea, hemp, lupin and meat (beef). Blood samples were collected during 24-h and VA...
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - October 30, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Extra virgin olive oil high in polyphenols improves antioxidant status in adults: a double-blind, randomized, controlled, cross-over study (OLIVAUS)
ConclusionsAlthough there were no significant differences between treatments, the changes observed after HPOO consumption demonstrate the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effect of this oil, which is more pronounced in adults with high cardiometabolic risk (Clinical Trial Registration: ACTRN12618000706279). (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - October 30, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Hemp and buckwheat are valuable sources of dietary amino acids, beneficially modulating gastrointestinal hormones and promoting satiety in healthy volunteers
This study evaluated the postprandial effects following consumption of buckwheat, fava bean, pea, hemp and lupin compared to meat (beef); focussing on biomarkers of satiety, gut hormones, aminoacids and plant metabolites bioavailability and metabolism.MethodsTen subjects (n = 3 men;n = 7 women; 42 ± 11.8 years of age; BMI 26 ± 5.8 kg/m2) participated in six 1-day independent acute interventions, each meal containing 30  g of protein from buckwheat, fava bean, pea, hemp, lupin and meat (beef). Blood samples were collected during 24-h and VA...
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - October 30, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Extra virgin olive oil high in polyphenols improves antioxidant status in adults: a double-blind, randomized, controlled, cross-over study (OLIVAUS)
ConclusionsAlthough there were no significant differences between treatments, the changes observed after HPOO consumption demonstrate the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effect of this oil, which is more pronounced in adults with high cardiometabolic risk (Clinical Trial Registration: ACTRN12618000706279). (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - October 30, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Dietary bovine milk miRNAs transported in extracellular vesicles are partially stable during GI digestion, are bioavailable and reach target tissues but need a minimum dose to impact on gene expression
ConclusionMilk EVs protect miRNAs from degradation and facilitate cellular uptake. miRNA concentration in EVs from bovine milk might be insufficient to produce gene modulation. Nevertheless, sizable amounts of exogenous miRNAs may be loaded into EVs, and orally delivered EV-loaded miRNAs can reach tissues in vivo, increasing the possibility of exerting biological effects. Further investigation is justified as this could have an impact in the field of nutrition and health (i.e., infant formulas elaboration). (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - October 29, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Vitamin D status is not associated with clinical severity of COVID-19 in pregnant women
ConclusionThe clinical severity and pulmonary involvement of COVID-19 may not be associated with vitamin D status in pregnant women. Vitamin D deficiency/adequacy rates were comparable in pregnant women infected with SARS-CoV-2 and healthy pregnant women. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - October 28, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Individual participant data (IPD)-level meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials to estimate the vitamin D dietary requirements in dark-skinned individuals resident at high latitude
ConclusionsOur IPD-derived vitamin D intakes required to maintain 97.5% of winter 25(OH)D concentrations  ≥ 25, 30 and 50 nmol/L are substantially higher than the equivalent estimates for White individuals. These requirement estimates are also higher than those currently recommended internationally by several agencies, which are based predominantly on data from Whites and derived from standard m eta-regression based on aggregate data. Much more work is needed in dark-skinned populations both in the dose–response relationship and risk characterisation for health outcomes.Trail registrationPROSPER...
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - October 27, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Effects of branched-chain amino acid-rich supplementation on EWGSOP2 criteria for sarcopenia in older adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis
ConclusionsBCAA-rich supplementation by older people may have beneficial effects on muscle mass and strength. However, the included studies had high heterogeneity, and the results must be interpreted with caution.Prospero registration numberCRD42020206674. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - October 27, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Individual participant data (IPD)-level meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials to estimate the vitamin D dietary requirements in dark-skinned individuals resident at high latitude
ConclusionsOur IPD-derived vitamin D intakes required to maintain 97.5% of winter 25(OH)D concentrations  ≥ 25, 30 and 50 nmol/L are substantially higher than the equivalent estimates for White individuals. These requirement estimates are also higher than those currently recommended internationally by several agencies, which are based predominantly on data from Whites and derived from standard m eta-regression based on aggregate data. Much more work is needed in dark-skinned populations both in the dose–response relationship and risk characterisation for health outcomes.Trail registrationPROSPER...
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - October 27, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Effects of branched-chain amino acid-rich supplementation on EWGSOP2 criteria for sarcopenia in older adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis
ConclusionsBCAA-rich supplementation by older people may have beneficial effects on muscle mass and strength. However, the included studies had high heterogeneity, and the results must be interpreted with caution.Prospero registration numberCRD42020206674. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - October 27, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

A mix of chlorogenic and caffeic acid reduces C/EBP ß and PPAR-γ1 levels and counteracts lipid accumulation in macrophages
This study aimed to evaluate the capacity of CGA and CA to reduce lipid accumulation in macrophages, recognized as a critical stage in the progression of atherosclerosis. Furtherly, the modulation of CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein β (C/EBPβ) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor- γ1 (PPAR-γ1), as transcription factors involved in lipid metabolism, was evaluated.MethodsTHP-1-derived macrophages were treated for 24  h with 0.03, 0.3, 3 and 30 μM of CGA and CA, tested alone or in combination, and a solution of oleic/palmitic acid (500 μM, 2:1 ratio). Lipid storage was assess...
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - October 26, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The relevance of magnesium homeostasis in COVID-19
ConclusionWe propose to reconsider the relevance of magnesium, frequently overlooked in clinical practice. Therefore, magnesemia should be monitored and, in case of imbalanced magnesium homeostasis, an appropriate nutritional regimen or supplementation might contribute to protect against SARS-CoV-2 infection, reduce severity of COVID-19 symptoms and facilitate the recovery after the acute phase. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - October 23, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Tracking of dietary patterns between pregnancy and 6  years post-pregnancy in a multiethnic Asian cohort: the Growing Up in Singapore Towards healthy Outcomes (GUSTO) study
ConclusionsDietary habits of women became less healthy during the transition from pregnancy to 6  years post-pregnancy. However, results should be interpreted with caution due to the different dietary assessment tools used at the two time points. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - October 23, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The relevance of magnesium homeostasis in COVID-19
ConclusionWe propose to reconsider the relevance of magnesium, frequently overlooked in clinical practice. Therefore, magnesemia should be monitored and, in case of imbalanced magnesium homeostasis, an appropriate nutritional regimen or supplementation might contribute to protect against SARS-CoV-2 infection, reduce severity of COVID-19 symptoms and facilitate the recovery after the acute phase. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - October 23, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Tracking of dietary patterns between pregnancy and 6  years post-pregnancy in a multiethnic Asian cohort: the Growing Up in Singapore Towards healthy Outcomes (GUSTO) study
ConclusionsDietary habits of women became less healthy during the transition from pregnancy to 6  years post-pregnancy. However, results should be interpreted with caution due to the different dietary assessment tools used at the two time points. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - October 23, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Boron Intake and decreased risk of mortality in kidney transplant recipients
AbstractPurposeIn a search for potentially modifiable factors to improve long-term outcome among kidney transplant recipients (KTR), we hypothesized that boron exposure is associated with improved long-term outcome in KTR.MethodsWe determined 24  h urinary boron excretion using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry as a measure of boron exposure in 693 stable KTR (57% male, mean age 53y), enrolled in the TransplantLines Food and Nutrition Biobank and Cohort Study. Dietary intake was assessed using validated food-frequency questionna ires.ResultsLinear regression analyses showed that dietary intake of fruit, win...
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - October 22, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research