Thank you to our Peer Reviewers for 2018
No abstract available (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - December 7, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Announcement Source Type: research

Retraction: Visual evaluation of train-of-four and double burst stimulation, fade at various currents, using a rubber band. Saitoh Y, Nakazawa K, Makita K, et al.
No abstract available (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - December 7, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Retraction Source Type: research

Reply to: cerebral oximetry monitoring. To guide physiology, avert catastrophe or both?
No abstract available (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - December 7, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Cerebral oximetry monitoring. To guide physiology, avert catastrophe or both?
No abstract available (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - December 7, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Reply to: prediction of bilateral cerebral oxygen desaturation from a single sensor in adult cardiac surgery
No abstract available (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - December 7, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Prediction of bilateral cerebral oxygen desaturation from a single sensor in adult cardiac surgery
No abstract available (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - December 7, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Reply to: fluid therapy for critical haemorrhage during elective noncardiac surgery
No abstract available (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - December 7, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Fluid therapy for critical haemorrhage during elective noncardiac surgery
No abstract available (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - December 7, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

The effect of pectoral block type II on persistent pain: Follow up of a randomised trial and hypotheses for further analyses
No abstract available (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - December 7, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Assessing the effect of dexmedetomidine in patients with pre-eclampsia
No abstract available (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - December 7, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Continuous haemodynamic effects of left tilting and supine positions during Caesarean section under spinal anaesthesia with a noninvasive cardiac output monitor system
No abstract available (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - December 7, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Ketamine-induced anaphylactic shock during elective parotidectomy: A case report
No abstract available (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - December 7, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Anaesthesia care team improves outcomes in surgical patients compared with solo anaesthesiologist: An observational study
CONCLUSION Anaesthesia given by teams of anaesthesiologists and anaesthesia nurses is associated with decreased 30-day postoperative mortality and shorter length of stay when compared with solo anaesthesiologists. Even without any demonstration of causality, this emphasises the benefits of the anaesthesia care team model. TRIAL REGISTRATION CCB 325201730849. (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - December 7, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Teamwork Source Type: research

Incidence of peri-operative paediatric cardiac arrest and the influence of a specialised paediatric anaesthesia team: Retrospective cohort study
CONCLUSION In this study on incidences of peri-operative paediatric cardiac arrest from a European tertiary care university hospital, implementation of a specialised paediatric anaesthesia team and training programme was associated with lower incidences of peri-operative paediatric cardiac arrest and a reduced probability of anaesthesia-attributable cardiac arrest. (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - December 7, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Teamwork Source Type: research

Efficacy of axillary versus infraclavicular brachial plexus block in preventing tourniquet pain: A randomised trial
BACKGROUND Axillary and infraclavicular brachial plexus blocks are commonly used for upper limb surgery. Clinicians require information on the relative benefits of each to make a rational selection for specific patients and procedures. OBJECTIVES The main objective of the study was to compare axillary and infraclavicular brachial plexus block in terms of the incidence and severity of tourniquet pain. DESIGN Single blinded, randomised trial. SETTING University affiliated hospital, level-1 trauma centre. PATIENTS Age more than 18 years, ASAI-III patients undergoing orthopaedic surgery distal to the elbow, with ...
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - December 7, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Loco-regional anaesthesia Source Type: research

Bilateral suprazygomatic maxillary nerve blocks vs. infraorbital and palatine nerve blocks in cleft lip and palate repair: A double-blind, randomised study
CONCLUSION Bilateral suprazygomatic maxillary nerve block is an effective and safe alternative to the traditional peripheral nerve blocks for cleft lip and cleft palate surgery, in a mixed paediatric and adult population. (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - December 7, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Loco-regional anaesthesia Source Type: research

Short- and long-term impact of remifentanil on thermal detection and pain thresholds after cardiac surgery: A randomised controlled trial
CONCLUSION Earlier reports of increased pain sensitivity 1 year after the use of remifentanil could not be confirmed in this randomised study using Quantitative Sensory Testing. This indicates that remifentanil plays a minor role in the development of chronic thoracic pain. Still, the relatively high incidence of chronic thoracic pain and its accompanying impact on quality of life remain challenging problems. TRIAL REGISTRATION The study was registered at EudraCT (ref: 2013-000201-23) and ClinicalTrials.gov (https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02031016). (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - December 7, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Postoperative pain Source Type: research

Shared decision-making for postoperative analgesia: A semistructured qualitative study
CONCLUSION The results of this study suggest that both patients and professionals did not adhere to some ‘self-evident’ principles of SDM when postoperative analgesia after major thoracic and abdominal surgery was discussed. (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - December 7, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Postoperative pain Source Type: research

Effects of a single subanaesthetic dose of ketamine on pain and mood after laparoscopic bariatric surgery: A randomised double-blind placebo controlled study
BACKGROUND When administered as a continuous infusion, ketamine is known to be a potent analgesic and general anaesthetic. Recent studies suggest that a single low-dose administration of ketamine can provide a long-lasting effect on mood, but its effects when given in the postoperative period have not been studied. OBJECTIVE We hypothesised that a single low-dose administration of ketamine after bariatric surgery can improve pain and mood scores in the immediate postoperative period. DESIGN We performed a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study to compare a single subanaesthetic dose of ketamine (0.4 m...
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - December 7, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Postoperative pain Source Type: research

Low-dose ketamine infusion reduces postoperative hydromorphone requirements in opioid-tolerant patients following spinal fusion: A randomised controlled trial
BACKGROUND The current opioid epidemic highlights the urgent need for effective adjuvant therapies to complement postoperative opioid analgesia. Intra-operative ketamine infusion has been shown to reduce postoperative opioid consumption and improve pain control in opioid-tolerant patients after spinal fusion surgery. Its efficacy for opioid-naïve patients, however, remains controversial. OBJECTIVE We hypothesised that low-dose ketamine infusion after major spinal surgery reduces opioid requirements in opioid-tolerant patients, but not in opioid-naïve patients. DESIGN Randomised placebo-controlled study. ...
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - December 7, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Postoperative pain Source Type: research

Uterine tilt for caesarean section
No abstract available (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - December 7, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Invited commentary Source Type: research

Targeting the affective component of pain with ketamine: A tool to improve the postoperative experience?
No abstract available (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - December 7, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Invited commentary Source Type: research

Ketamine stakes in 2018: Right doses, good choices
No abstract available (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - December 7, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Invited commentary Source Type: research

Paucity of evidence for the effectiveness of prophylactic low-dose oxytocin protocols (
No abstract available (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - November 2, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Reporting of time to rescue analgesia: Would it have made a difference in results?
No abstract available (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - November 2, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Life-threatening ketoacidosis in a lactating woman
No abstract available (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - November 2, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Green blood plasma from a patient with breast cancer after sentinel lymph node biopsy
No abstract available (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - November 2, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Intra-osseous-access-associated lower limb compartment syndrome in a critically injured paediatric patient
No abstract available (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - November 2, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Anaesthesia and orphan disease: a child with Koolen-de Vries syndrome
No abstract available (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - November 2, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

How current transfusion practices in geriatric patients with hip fracture still differ from current guidelines and the effects on outcome: A retrospective observational study
CONCLUSION Most RBC transfusions occur postoperatively, many still according to liberal transfusion thresholds, in particular shortly before discharge and as part of consecutive transfusions. Transfused patients had longer LOS and more infections than patients not transfused, but there was no difference in mortality, LOS or morbidity between patients transfused according to current guidelines and those where guidelines were deviated from. (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - November 2, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Miscalleneous Source Type: research

Incidence of akathisia after postoperative nausea and vomiting prophylaxis with droperidol and ondansetron in outpatient surgery: A multicentre controlled randomised trial
CONCLUSION The use of droperidol or ondansetron for PONV prophylaxis is associated to a low incidence of akathisia (0.8 to 3.4%) after general anaesthesia for ambulatory surgery. TRIAL REGISTRATION Clinicaltrials.gov: NCT01942343. (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - November 2, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Miscalleneous Source Type: research

Comparison of the peripheral antinociceptive effect of somatostatin with bupivacaine and morphine in the rodent postoperative pain model
CONCLUSION Guarding behaviour, which likely represents pain-at-rest following surgery, was attenuated by both bupivacaine and SST to comparable extents. This novel peripherally mediated antinociceptive effect of SST needs further evaluation. (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - November 2, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Miscalleneous Source Type: research

ICU mortality and variables associated with ICU survival in Poland: A nationwide database study
BACKGROUND Recently published international comparison data across European countries revealed high mortality rates in Polish ICUs. OBJECTIVES Estimation of the rate of ICU mortality and identification of variables associated with ICU survival in Poland. DESIGN Retrospective analyses of a database reporting ICU stays in Poland. SETTINGS AND PATIENTS The study included data from all adult patients admitted to an ICU in Poland from 1 January 2012 to 31 December 2012. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES ICU mortality and variables associated with ICU survival. RESULTS A total of 48 282 patients were treated in 347 ICUs (...
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - November 2, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Miscalleneous Source Type: research

The degree of adherence to CONSORT reporting guidelines for the abstracts of randomised clinical trials published in anaesthesia journals: A cross-sectional study of reporting adherence in 2010 and 2016
CONCLUSION Abstracts for many anaesthesiology RCTs are incomplete selective summaries of the entire article. (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - November 2, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Miscalleneous Source Type: research

Ultrasound assessment of gastric emptying time after a standardised light breakfast in healthy children: A prospective observational study
OBJECTIVES Current guidelines recommend 6 h of fasting for solids before anaesthesia. However, prolonged fasting may lead to discomfort, hunger, thirst, misbehaviour and lipolysis. To prevent this, a more liberal fasting regimen has been empirically implemented in our children's hospital, allowing a shorter fasting time of 4 h for a standardised light breakfast. AIM The aim of this study was to determine the gastric emptying time after a standardised light breakfast in healthy children. DESIGN A prospective observational noninterventional study. METHODS After fasting overnight, the children had a standardise...
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - November 2, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Paediatric anaesthesia Source Type: research

Emergence delirium in children is related to epileptiform discharges during anaesthesia induction: An observational study
CONCLUSION Emergence delirium in children is significantly related to interictal spike events occurring during induction of anaesthesia. CLINICAL TRIAL NCT02481999. (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - November 2, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Paediatric anaesthesia Source Type: research

Peri-operative respiratory adverse events in children with upper respiratory tract infections allowed to proceed with anaesthesia: A French national cohort study
CONCLUSION The risk of PRAE in patients anaesthetised in the presence of URTI was similar to previous publications – close to 30%. In the light of our findings, first, current rescheduling indications should be questioned, and second, further medical and organisational strategies should be investigated to reduce PRAE in children with URTI. TRIAL REGISTRATION The study was registered in the European Networks of Centers for Pharmacoepidemiology and Pharmacovigilance (EUPAS16436). (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - November 2, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Paediatric anaesthesia Source Type: research

Peri-operative oral caffeine does not prevent postoperative atrial fibrillation after heart valve surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass: A randomised controlled clinical trial
CONCLUSION Oral caffeine does not prevent POAF after heart valve surgery with CPB but increased the incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION ClinicalTrials.gov, no.: NCT01999829. (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - November 2, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Christmas isue Source Type: research

Near-infrared spectroscopy in vegetables and humans: An observational study
We report NIRS values for some common vegetables and faculty at a world-class medical institution. DESIGN Observational nonblinded study. SETTING Single tertiary care institution and local urban vegetable market. PARTICIPANTS Five yams (Dioscorea cayenensis), five courgettes (Cucurbita pepo) and five butternut squashes (Cucurbita moschata) were studied. Five cardiothoracic surgeons and anaesthesiologists were the control group. INTERVENTIONS None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES NIRS value of each species. RESULTS Mean NIRS value for the control group was 71% [95% confidence interval (CI) 68 to 74] and was similar ...
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - November 2, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Christmas isue Source Type: research

Pitfalls of clinical practice guidelines in the era of broken science: Let's raise the standards
No abstract available (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - November 2, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Translational pain research: an update from European Pain Federation educational platform
No abstract available (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - October 4, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Media review Source Type: research

The role of pre-operative α-blockade in patients with normotensive phaeochromocytoma or paraganglioma: A retrospective cohort study
No abstract available (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - October 4, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Postoperative stroke: The picture is out of focus
No abstract available (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - October 4, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Comparison of noninvasive and minimally invasive pulse contour analysis to measure stroke volume during major surgery: A prospective observational study
No abstract available (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - October 4, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Haemodynamic evaluation and optimisation of brain-dead donors with oesophageal Doppler during organ harvesting: A feasibility study
No abstract available (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - October 4, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Comparison of a novel clinical score to estimate the risk of REsidual neuromuscular block Prediction Score and the last train-of-four count documented in the electronic anaesthesia record: A retrospective cohort study of electronic data on file
BACKGROUND Residual neuromuscular block (rNMB) after surgery is not difficult to identify if proper neuromuscular monitoring is used, but many clinicians do not use quantitative neuromuscular monitoring. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to develop a REsidual neuromuscular block Prediction Score (REPS) to predict postoperative rNMB and compare the predictive accuracy of the prediction score with train-of-four count (TOFC) measurement at the end of a surgical case. DESIGN Retrospective cohort study of data on file. DATA SOURCE Electronic patient data and peri-operative data on vital signs, administered medicati...
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - October 4, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Neuromuscular blocking agents Source Type: research

Deep neuromuscular blockade and surgical conditions during laparoscopic ventral hernia repair: A randomised, blinded study
CONCLUSION Deep compared with no NMB did not change the rating score of the surgical view immediately after introduction of trocars during laparoscopic ventral hernia repair, but the surgical condition were improved during suturing of the hernia. TRIAL REGISTRATION ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02247466. (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - October 4, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Neuromuscular blocking agents Source Type: research

Deep vs. moderate neuromuscular blockade during laparoscopic surgery: A systematic review and meta-analysis
CONCLUSION Deep block was associated with excellent or good surgical rating more frequently than moderate block. However, this finding was not consistent on subgroup analyses based on frequencies of assessment of surgical conditions and abdominal pressure. Further studies are required to address the heterogeneity and power shortage demonstrated by the trial sequential analysis. (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - October 4, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Neuromuscular blocking agents Source Type: research

Duration of the action of rocuronium in patients with BMI of less than 25: An observational study
The objective of this study was to investigate whether a BMI less than 25 kg m−2 affects the duration of rocuronium in doses adjusted for actual body weight. DESIGN A prospective, observational, single-centre study. SETTING The operating room of a teaching hospital from 1 June 2008 to 30 June 2015. PATIENTS Thirty patients with American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I or II who were scheduled to undergo elective surgery (BMI  (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - October 4, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Neuromuscular blocking agents Source Type: research