Mechanical insufflation/exsufflation compared with standard of care in patients with pneumonia: A randomised controlled trial
No abstract available (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - October 9, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Usefulness of computer-assisted ECG analysis in the pre-operative evaluation of noncardiac surgery
No abstract available (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - October 9, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Cognitive decline after carotid endarterectomy: Systematic review and meta-analysis
The objective of this study was to determine pCD incidence and risk factors in CEA patients. DESIGN We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of both randomised and nonrandomised trials following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. DATA SOURCES We searched Cochrane, PubMed/Medline and Embase databases from the date of database inception to 1 December 2018. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA We selected longitudinal studies including CEA patients with both pre-operative and postoperative cognitive assessments. Primary outcome was pCD incidence, differentiating delayed neurocogn...
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - October 9, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Perioperative medicine Source Type: research

Frailty predicts 30-day mortality in intensive care patients: A prospective prediction study
BACKGROUND Frailty is a multidimensional syndrome characterised by a loss of reserve and an increased risk of adverse outcomes. OBJECTIVE To study the impact of frailty on mortality in unselected intensive care patients, and to compare its discriminatory ability to an established model for outcome prediction in intensive care. DESIGN A prospective study with a comparison of two prediction models. SETTING A tertiary mixed ICU, from January 2017 to June 2018. PATIENTS AND MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Data on premorbid frailty (clinical frailty scale; CFS), severity of illness (the simplified acute physiology score, th...
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - October 9, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Perioperative medicine Source Type: research

Predicting postoperative complications with the respiratory exchange ratio after high-risk noncardiac surgery: A prospective cohort study
BACKGROUND The respiratory exchange ratio (RER), defined as the ratio of CO2 production (VCO2) to O2 consumption (VO2), is reported to be a noninvasive marker of anaerobic metabolism. The intubated, ventilated patient's inspired and expired fractions of O2 and CO2 (FiO2, FeO2, FiCO2 and FeCO2) are monitored in the operating room and can be used to calculate RER. OBJECTIVE To investigating the ability of the RER to predict postoperative complications. DESIGN An observational, prospective study. SETTING Two French university hospitals between March 2017 and September 2018. PATIENTS A total of 110 patients under...
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - October 9, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Ventilation Source Type: research

Pulmonary levels of biomarkers for inflammation and lung injury in protective versus conventional one-lung ventilation for oesophagectomy: A randomised clinical trial
CONCLUSION Intra-operative protective ventilation compared with conventional ventilation does not affect changes in pulmonary levels of biomarkers for inflammation and lung injury in patients undergoing one-lung ventilation for oesophagectomy. TRIAL REGISTRATION The ‘Low versus Conventional tidal volumes during one-lung ventilation for minimally invasive oesophagectomy trial’ (LoCo) was registered at the Netherlands Trial Register (study identifier NTR 4391). (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - October 9, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Ventilation Source Type: research

Effects of intra-operative positive end-expiratory pressure setting guided by oesophageal pressure measurement on oxygenation and respiratory mechanics during laparoscopic gynaecological surgery: A randomised controlled trial
BACKGROUND The creation of pneumoperitoneum during laparoscopic surgery can lead to adverse effects on the respiratory system. Positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) plays an important role in mechanical ventilation during laparoscopic surgery. OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether PEEP setting guided by oesophageal pressure (Poeso) measurement would affect oxygenation and respiratory mechanics during laparoscopic gynaecological surgery. DESIGN A randomised controlled study. SETTING A single-centre trial from March 2018 to June 2018. PATIENTS Forty-four adult patients undergoing laparoscopic gynaecological surgery w...
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - October 9, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Ventilation Source Type: research

Effects of high-flow nasal oxygen during prolonged deep sedation on postprocedural atelectasis: A randomised controlled trial
CONCLUSION Our results suggested that HFNO ameliorates lung atelectasis after prolonged deep sedation in patients receiving CT-guided hepatic tumour radiofrequency ablation. TRIAL REGISTRATION Clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT03019354. (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - October 9, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Ventilation Source Type: research

A nebulised antitumour necrosis factor receptor-1 domain antibody in patients at risk of postoperative lung injury: A randomised, placebo-controlled pilot study
BACKGROUND Tumour necrosis factor receptor 1 (TNFR1) signalling mediates the cell death and inflammatory effects of TNF-α. OBJECTIVE The current clinical trial investigated the effects of a nebulised TNFR1 antagonist (GSK2862277) on signs of lung injury in patients undergoing oesophagectomy. DESIGN Randomised double-blind (sponsor unblind), placebo-controlled, parallel group study. SETTING Eight secondary care centres, the United Kingdom between April 2015 and June 2017. PATIENTS Thirty-three patients undergoing elective transthoracic oesophagectomy. INTERVENTIONS Patients randomly received a single ...
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - October 9, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Ventilation Source Type: research

Pulmonary function decline in immediate postoperative period is not necessarily related to residual neuromuscular block: An observational study
BACKGROUND Previous studies have reported an association between the use of neuromuscular blocking (NMB) agents and postoperative pulmonary complications. Postoperative pulmonary function is a key indicator for postoperative pulmonary complications. Several sites can be used to assess depth and recovery from NMB. OBJECTIVES To investigate postoperative pulmonary function change in relation to train-of-four measurements at the adductor pollicis and corrugator supercilii muscles, and anaesthesia-related variables in orthopaedic patients undergoing hip or knee arthroplasty. DESIGN Observational study. SETTING Unive...
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - October 9, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Ventilation Source Type: research

Infraglottic versus supraglottic jet-ventilation for endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration: A randomised controlled trial
CONCLUSION EBUS-TBNA under general anaesthesia using a LMA with SHJV is equal to rigid bronchoscopy with superimposed high-frequency jet ventilation for the variables analysed. TRIAL REGISTRATION ISRCTN (ISRCTN58911367). (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - October 9, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Airway Source Type: research

Development and performance testing of the low-cost, 3D-printed, smartphone-compatible ‘Tansen Videolaryngoscope’ vs. Pentax-AWS videolaryngoscope vs. direct Macintosh laryngoscope: A manikin study
BACKGROUND While videolaryngoscopes help in the management of difficult airways, they remain too expensive for those with limited resources. We have developed a robust, re-usable, low-cost videolaryngoscope at United Mission Hospital Tansen, Nepal, by combining a smartphone-compatible endoscope capable of capturing still and video images with a three dimensional-printed, channelled, hyperangulated blade. The computer-aided design file for the videolaryngoscope blade was emailed and printed in London before evaluation of its performance on a difficult airway manikin. OBJECTIVE To benchmark the intubation performance of...
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - October 9, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Airway Source Type: research

Apolipoprotein E ε4 and cognitive function after surgery in middle-aged and elderly Danish twins
CONCLUSION No evidence was found of more pronounced long-term deterioration in cognitive function after surgery among APOE ε4 carriers, but elderly APOE ε4 carriers in general performed worse on the cognitive tests than noncarriers. (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - October 9, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Regional anaesthesia Source Type: research

Ultrasound-guided interscalene block combined with intermediate or superficial cervical plexus block for clavicle surgery: A randomised double blind study
This study aims to delineate the relative effectiveness between interscalene brachial plexus block with either intermediate cervical plexus or superficial cervical plexus block (CPB) as the anaesthetics for clavicular surgery. DESIGN A randomised, double-blind prospective study. SETTING Single-centre, tertiary care medical college and research institute. PATIENTS Fifty patients with American Society of Anesthesiologist's (ASA) grade I to III, aged 18 to 70 years, scheduled for clavicular surgery, during May 2018 to April 2019 were enrolled in this study. INTERVENTION All patients received interscalene block wit...
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - October 9, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Regional anaesthesia Source Type: research

Effect of two different pre-operative exercise training regimens before colorectal surgery on functional capacity: A randomised controlled trial
CONCLUSION Both MICT and HIIT enhanced pre-operative functional capacity. TRIAL REGISTRATION ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03361150. (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - October 9, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Regional anaesthesia Source Type: research

Genetic variability in postoperative nausea and vomiting: A systematic review
CONCLUSION There is a genetic susceptibility to the development of PONV. Two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), the CHRM3 rs2165870 and the KCNB2 rs349358 SNP, seem to have a major influence on PONV incidence, at least in Caucasians. Both SNPs were primarily identified in a GWAS and this association may lead to a better understanding of the disease aetiology. Further high-quality studies are needed to reveal more insights in genetic PONV susceptibility, particularly so in non-Caucasian ethnicities. (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - October 9, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Regional anaesthesia Source Type: research

BIG FIVE strategies for survival following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest
No abstract available (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - October 9, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Perioperative care of the elderly: clinical and organizational aspects
No abstract available (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - September 12, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Book review Source Type: research

Extracorporeal carbon dioxide removal may prevent the need for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in severe respiratory failure: A cohort study
No abstract available (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - September 12, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

The effectiveness of electromyographic and acceleromyographic-based neuromuscular monitoring in ventilated ICU patients: A prospective feasibility study
No abstract available (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - September 12, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Lung ultrasound modifications induced by fibreoptic bronchoscopy may improve early bedside ventilator-associated pneumonia diagnosis: A case series
No abstract available (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - September 12, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Altmetrics versus traditional bibliometrics: Short-time lag and short-time life?
No abstract available (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - September 12, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Methadone for postoperative analgesia: contribution of N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor antagonism: A randomised controlled trial
CONCLUSION Methadone provides effective control of acute postoperative pain, independently, by modulation of the hyperalgesia mechanism. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION ClinicalTrials.gov, no.: NCT01594047. (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - September 12, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Pain Source Type: research

Pre-operative chronic opioid or glucocorticoid use and mortality after noncardiac surgery: A retrospective cohort study
BACKGROUND The chronic use of opioids and glucocorticoids is associated with serious side effects. Moreover, both medications are related to poor long-term postoperative outcomes. OBJECTIVE The study aimed to investigate the association between pre-operative chronic opioid and glucocorticoid use and 90-day mortality after noncardiac surgery. DESIGN Retrospective, population-based cohort study. SETTING Single tertiary academic hospital. PATIENTS The study enrolled adult (≥18 years of age) patients admitted to Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, between January 2012 and December 2018 for planned, ele...
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - September 12, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Pain Source Type: research

Cardiac output estimation by pulse wave analysis using the pressure recording analytical method and intermittent pulmonary artery thermodilution: A method comparison study after off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery
CONCLUSION Using the system's electronic waveform filter PRAM-CO shows good agreement and trending ability compared with PATD-CO in adults after off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery. (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - September 12, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Cardiac anaesthesia Source Type: research

Presepsin for pre-operative prediction of major adverse cardiovascular events in coronary heart disease patients undergoing noncardiac surgery: Post hoc analysis of the Leukocytes and Cardiovascular Peri-operative Events-2 (LeukoCAPE-2) Study
CONCLUSION Increased pre-operative presepsin independently predicted 30-day MACCE in CAD patients undergoing major noncardiac surgery. Complementing cardiovascular risk prediction by inflammatory biomarkers, such as presepsin, offers potential to improve peri-operative care. However, as prediction accuracy of presepsin was only moderate, further validation studies are needed. TRIAL REGISTRATION Clinicaltrials.gov: NCT03105427. (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - September 12, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Cardiac anaesthesia Source Type: research

Very early changes in serum creatinine are associated with 30-day mortality after cardiac surgery: A cohort study
BACKGROUND Acute kidney injury predicts adverse outcomes after cardiac surgery. OBJECTIVES To determine whether ultra-short-term changes (within 120 min) in serum creatinine (SCrea) levels after cardiac surgery predict clinical outcomes (30-day mortality). DESIGN Observational cohort study. SETTING Austrian tertiary referral centre. PATIENTS A total of 7651 patients scheduled to undergo elective cardiac surgery. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES We analysed SCrea levels measured pre-operatively (baseline) and within 120 min after surgery. We also adjusted the postoperative SCrea levels for fluid balance. Patients ...
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - September 12, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Cardiac anaesthesia Source Type: research

U-shaped relationship between pre-operative plasma fibrinogen levels and severe peri-operative bleeding in cardiac surgery
CONCLUSION We reported a U-shaped relationship between severe peri-operative bleeding and pre-operative fibrinogen levels. While a low-level of fibrinogen appears to be associated with a high risk of bleeding, a high level does not necessarily protect the patient against such a risk and could even be a risk factor for peri-operative bleeding. (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - September 12, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Coagulation Source Type: research

Comparison of fresh frozen plasma vs. coagulation factor concentrates for reconstitution of blood: An in vitro study
BACKGROUND Many trauma centres have adopted the administration of fixed ratios of packed red blood cells (PRBCs), platelet concentrates and fresh frozen plasma (FFP) for bleeding patients. However, the haemostatic efficacy of this concept is not well proven. OBJECTIVE Our objective was to characterise the haemostatic profile of different ratios (2 : 1 : 1, 1 : 1 : 1 and 1 : 1 : 2) of PRBCs, platelet concentrates and FFP in comparison with coagulation factor concentrates (fibrinogen and/or prothrombin complex concentrate). DESIGN An in vitro study. SETTING Research laboratories of the depa...
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - September 12, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Coagulation Source Type: research

Idarucizumab for dabigatran reversal in daily clinical practice: A case series
CONCLUSION Our first experiences with idarucizumab use in daily-care settings support a rapid and efficient decrease in the anticoagulant effect of dabigatran in emergency situations. Late re-occurrence of dabigatran effect was noted in a subset of patients with severe renal failure. (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - September 12, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Coagulation Source Type: research

Development and validation of an instrument to measure nursing workload in the postanaesthesia care unit: An observational study
BACKGROUND There are no instruments specifically developed for the measurement of nursing workload in postanaesthesia care units (PACUs). An objective and valid instrument is essential for planning work flow and staffing in this unique hospital environment that encompasses elements of elective and acute postsurgical care. Previous studies show that increased workload is associated with increased complication rates in ICUs. Thus, workload assessment may be an important tool for improving postsurgical outcomes. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to develop and validate a postanaesthesia workload instrument (PAWI) for m...
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - September 12, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Safety and quality Source Type: research

Erroneous neuraxial administration of neuromuscular blocking drugs: Clinical and human factors analysis
CONCLUSION Following the epidural injection of NMBDs the effects are delayed and prolonged. There was no serious morbidity reported following neuraxial administration of the NMBDs used in current practice. Perceptual errors resulting in incorrect syringe choice were the commonest cause. Four measures can be introduced to reduce such errors. (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - September 12, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Safety and quality Source Type: research

Patient satisfaction with intravenous regional anaesthesia or an axillary block for minor ambulatory hand surgery: A randomised controlled study
CONCLUSION IVRA and axillary brachial plexus block result in comparably high patient satisfaction in ambulatory hand surgery. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION EudraCT 2016-002325-11. (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - September 12, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Safety and quality Source Type: research

Pre-induction checklists and discomfort in patients. An observational study
CONCLUSION Patients experience far less discomfort observing the use of pre-induction checklists than anaesthesia providers expect. Patients value the potential safety benefit significantly higher than anaesthesia providers. These results further support the implementation of peri-operative checklists in the operating room environment. TRIAL REGISTRATION The current observational study had no intervention, therefore, was not registered. (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - September 12, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Safety and quality Source Type: research

Mandatory cardiopulmonary resuscitation competencies for undergraduate healthcare students in Europe: A European Resuscitation Council guidance note
No abstract available (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - September 12, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Editorials Source Type: research

Safety first: Checking the anaesthesia machine
No abstract available (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - September 12, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Editorials Source Type: research

Preoperative ultrasonographic evaluation of inferior vena cava collapsibility index and caval aorta index
No abstract available (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - August 13, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Comparison of continuous versus patient-controlled dosing regimen in peripheral nerve blocks for postoperative pain management after lower extremity surgery: A data-base analysis of 1293 cases
No abstract available (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - August 13, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Efficacy of incisional infiltration and intraperitoneal instillation of ropivacaine for the management of pain after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy: A randomised clinical trial
No abstract available (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - August 13, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Acute thalamic haemorrhagic stroke after combined spinal–epidural anaesthesia in pregnancy: A case report
No abstract available (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - August 13, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

The seventh thoracic vertebral level is more reliably identified by point of care ultrasound than by palpation of the inferior angle of the scapula: A case series
No abstract available (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - August 13, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Ultrasound and pressure-guided thoracic paravertebral block: A preliminary investigation
No abstract available (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - August 13, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Clinical effectiveness of ultrasound-guided dual transversus abdominis plane block for postoperative analgesia in open abdominal aortic surgery patients: The randomised, double-blind ETAP trial
No abstract available (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - August 13, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Reply to: deep neuromuscular blockade reduces intra-operative blood loss
No abstract available (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - August 13, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Deep neuromuscular blockade reduces intra-operative blood loss
No abstract available (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - August 13, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Reply to: reintubation in the ICU versus in the operating room in cardiac surgery patients
No abstract available (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - August 13, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Reintubation in the ICU versus in the operating room in cardiac surgery patients
No abstract available (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - August 13, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Oral fluid intake during the first stage of labour: A randomised trial
CONCLUSION The current study reveals that the percentage of pregnant women with an ‘empty stomach’, defined by an antral CSA less than 300 mm2 in a semirecumbent position with a 45-degree head-up tilt, was comparable at full cervical dilation among those who remained nil by mouth and those allowed to drink up to 400 ml for 90 min after their randomisation. TRIAL REGISTRATION Clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT 02362815. (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - August 13, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Obstetric anaesthesia Source Type: research

Prophylactic norepinephrine infusion or leg wrapping for postspinal hypotension in elective caesarean delivery: A randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial
BACKGROUND Because of its alpha and beta agonist properties, norepinephrine infusion is currently being studied for the prevention of spinal hypotension during caesarean delivery. Vasopressor infusions are not always possible if there is an unavailability of infusion pumps. Leg wrapping with crepe bandage is an effective technique for prevention of postspinal hypotension and could be useful in resource-poor settings. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to compare the incidence of hypotension with norepinephrine infusion or leg wrapping with a control group in women undergoing caesarean delivery with spinal anaesthesia...
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - August 13, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Obstetric anaesthesia Source Type: research

Investigating the association between labour epidural analgesia and postpartum depression: A prospective cohort study
CONCLUSION Our study did not demonstrate an association between PPD at 3 months postdelivery and labour epidural analgesia. TRIAL REGISTRATION NCT01174875. (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - August 13, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Obstetric anaesthesia Source Type: research