Gender differences in health in Havana versus in Mexico City and in the US Hispanic population
In this study, we examined how this pattern is reflected in the gender differences in health among the population aged 60+ in Havana. We compared gender differences in health in samples drawn from Havana, Mexico City, and the US Hispanic population: three geographic settings with very different political, health care, and social systems. The data come from the Survey on Health, Well-Being, and Aging in Latin America and the Caribbean and the 2000 Health and Retirement Study. Age-adjusted prevalence and logistic regressions were estimated for poor self-rated health, limitations on activities of daily living, depression, and...
Source: European Journal of Ageing - March 16, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Towards bridging the grey digital divide: changes in internet access and its predictors from 2002 to 2014 in Germany
AbstractThe internet is an indispensable aspect of modern society. It facilitates long distance communication, access to information, health care interventions, as well as multiple opportunities for social participation. Despite increasing pervasiveness of this technology, persistent inequalities exist in who has access to the internet. In particular, older adults lag behind in having internet access, thus putting them at risk for social exclusion. In order to gain a better understanding about the determinants of thisgrey digital divide, the current study contrasts influencing factors of internet access, comparing samples ...
Source: European Journal of Ageing - March 10, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

The assessment of views on ageing: a review of self-report measures and innovative extensions
AbstractThis is a review of existing self-report measures for assessing views on ageing. It provides an overview of instruments, for which basic psychometric properties are available and describes them according to the purposes for which they are suitable. Literature search resulted in the inclusion of 89 instruments which were categorised along eight dimensions. The majority of measures focus on explicit cognitions about people ’s own age and ageing or other (older) people. A substantial amount of tools account for the multidimensionality and multidirectionality of views on ageing, i.e. the idea that ageing is accom...
Source: European Journal of Ageing - February 24, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Stronger feelings of loneliness among Moroccan and Turkish older adults in the Netherlands: in search for an explanation
AbstractThe prevalence of loneliness among Turkish –Dutch and Moroccan–Dutch older adults is higher than among Dutch older adults of non-migrant origin. Three explanations may account for this difference: (1) differential item functioning might result in scores that vary in intensity and in meaning across categories; (2) the position of migrants is much more vulnerable than that of non-migrants; (3) the lack of protective factors has more severe consequences for older migrants. The Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam interviewed 176 persons born in Morocco and 235 born in Turkey, aged 55–66 and living in u...
Source: European Journal of Ageing - February 22, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Positive and negative aspects of social relations and low-grade inflammation in Copenhagen Aging and Midlife Biobank
In conclusion, this large-scale population-based study among middle-aged men and women showed no association between social relations and low-grade inflammation. (Source: European Journal of Ageing)
Source: European Journal of Ageing - February 20, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

The gender health gap in Europe ’s ageing societies: universal findings across countries and age groups?
AbstractWe provide a systematic country and age group comparison of the gender gap in several generic health indicators and more specific morbidity outcomes. Using data from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement  (SHARE), we examined the gender gap in the prevalence of poor self-rated health, chronic health conditions, activity limitations, multimorbidity, pain, heart attacks, diabetes, and depression in three age groups (50–64, 65–79, and 80+) based on linear probability models with and without adjust ment for covariates. While women were typically disadvantaged regarding poor self-rated health, chr...
Source: European Journal of Ageing - February 17, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Lifestyle factors and multimorbidity among older adults (ELSI-Brazil)
The objective of the study was to evaluate the association between unhealthy lifestyle factors (individual and combined) and multimorbidity stratified by sex, in a national sample representative of Brazilians aged 50  years or older. Data from the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Aging (ELSI-Brazil) baseline, conducted in 2015–2016, were used. Multimorbidity was defined by the existence of two or more of the 19 chronic diseases. Four unhealthy lifestyle factors were considered: (1) at-risk alcohol consumption, (2) current or past smoking, (3) insufficient physical activity and (4) below-recommended consumption of...
Source: European Journal of Ageing - February 14, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Chronic health conditions and work-related stress in older adults participating in the Dutch workforce
This study sought to examine the association between common CHCs [cardiovascular disease (CVD), diabetes, arthritis, respiratory and sleep disorders] and three domains of work stress in older Dutch workers. This study used data from the first wave of the NIDI Pension Panel Study for working adults aged 60 –65 years (n = 6793). Logistic regression models examined the strength of association between CHCs and (1) general work stress, (2) emotional, and (3) physical demands. All five CHC were independently associated with one or more domains of stress. After including all CHCs in the model, CVD, sleep ...
Source: European Journal of Ageing - February 14, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Promoting physical activity in geriatric patients with cognitive impairment after discharge from ward-rehabilitation: a feasibility study
AbstractThe aim of the present study was to examine adherence and acceptance of a home-based program to promote physical activity (PA) in older persons with cognitive impairment (CI) following inpatient rehabilitation. Sixty-three older persons ( ≥ 65 years) with mild to moderate CI (Mini-Mental State Examination score 17–26), allocated to the intervention group of a randomized, controlled intervention trial underwent a 12-week home-based PA intervention including (1) physical training and outdoor walking to improve functional fitness a nd (2) motivational strategies (goal-setting, pedometer-based self-monito...
Source: European Journal of Ageing - February 13, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Older adults ’ perceptions of contexts surrounding their social participation in a digitalized society—an exploration in rural communities in Northern Sweden
AbstractSocial participation and digital engagement can contribute to health and well-being among older adults. Because of older adults ’ decline in abilities, coupled with complex technology and its perceived insufficient relevance to daily life, there is a need to create and tailor social opportunities and services that are supported by digital technologies for older adults to continue participating in society. Thus, it becomes relevant to explore older adults’ perceptions about contexts surrounding their social participation in a digital society. This exploration used a qualitative research design with focus...
Source: European Journal of Ageing - February 11, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

The European Journal of Ageing at the beginning of the Decade of Healthy Ageing
(Source: European Journal of Ageing)
Source: European Journal of Ageing - February 11, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Associations between individual factors, environmental factors, and outdoor independence in older adults
AbstractThe degree to which individuals can accomplish outdoor activity by themselves or require support is an important facet of successful aging. While prior research focuses on participation in outdoor activity, understanding of older adults ’ outdoor independence is limited. We adopt an ecological approach to examine the role of individual factors and environmental factors in explaining outdoor independence. Our sample comprised older adults aged 65 + living in a medium-sized city in Germany (N = 1070). The results show that being male, younger, and healthier was positively associated ...
Source: European Journal of Ageing - February 7, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Sexual well-being is part of aging well
(Source: European Journal of Ageing)
Source: European Journal of Ageing - January 10, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

The pattern of social support seeking and its socio-demographic variations among older adults in China
AbstractThe current study used a nationally representative sample to investigate how older adults in China with different socio-demographic characteristics proactively sought support when social support of different sources and types was available; and whether the pattern of social support seeking varied with age, gender and regions. We found that older adults in China tended to seek social support from family members rather than from non-family members. Moreover, we observed a hierarchically ordered pattern of social support seeking within the family such that older adults preferred to first seek social support from a spo...
Source: European Journal of Ageing - January 1, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Relationships between best-practice and greatest possible life expectancies
AbstractThis paper investigated the relationships between the best-practice and the greatest possible life expectancies by means of gaps, lags and decomposition analyses, from 1950 –1955 up to 2095–2100. The data were gathered from the United Nations’ World Population Prospects (2017), containing abridged period life tables, for both sexes combined, for 201 countries or areas, which allowed the identification of low-mortality regions that are sometimes omitted in previou s studies. It was observed that both best-practice and greatest possible life expectancies rose and are expected to continue to rise lin...
Source: European Journal of Ageing - December 14, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Young people feel wise and older people feel energetic: comparing age stereotypes and self-evaluations across adulthood
AbstractWe use questionnaire data from the MIDUS study (N = 6325 and a subsamplen = 2120) to examine the extent to which people in their late 20s, late 40s and late 60s think that positive characteristics apply to themselves, their age peers and other age groups. Results based on factor analysis confirmed the existence of age stereotypes, such that one constellation of chara cteristics (wise, caring, calm, knowledgeable, generative; “wise”) was seen as more descriptive of older adults, while another constellation of characteristics (energetic, healthy, willing to learn; “energe...
Source: European Journal of Ageing - December 12, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Changes in views on aging in later adulthood: the role of cardiovascular events
AbstractA number of longitudinal studies have pointed to the long-term impact of different views on aging (VoA) on health in later life, whereas the reverse relationship has rarely been examined. Serious cardiovascular events such as myocardial infarction or stroke are life-threatening events which might in turn lead to changes in VoA. The present longitudinal study examined the effect of a cardiovascular event (CVE) on VoA over a three-year period using pooled data from three waves of the German Ageing Survey (2008, 2011, 2014, age range: 40 –95 years). In order to account for alternative explanations for chang...
Source: European Journal of Ageing - November 30, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Network type, transition patterns and well-being among older Europeans
AbstractUsing SHARE data, this study was based on an earlier analysis that derived social network types among adults aged 65 and over in Europe. The current effort investigated the transitions that occurred across these network types after 4  years (N = 13,767). Four general network transition patterns were identified according to network type (close-family networks and other networks) and whether a network transition occurred. The associations between network type, network transitions and well-being (depression and life satisfaction) were e xamined. We regressed depressive symptoms and a life satisfacti...
Source: European Journal of Ageing - November 26, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Internal and external resources, tiredness and the subjective well-being of family caregivers of older adults: a case study from western Thailand, Southeast Asia
This study examined the effects of several aspects of care-giving on the subjective well-being (SWB) of family caregivers of older adults. These aspects were comprised of external resources including social support, affection, and internal resources including confidence, positive appraisal and coping strategies, and tiredness. The level of happiness (0 –10) was used as the gauge of SWB. The data were from a cross-sectional study of 270 primary family caregivers in western Thailand. Multiple regression models controlling for age, gender, kinship to care for recipients, self-rated health, duration and hours of care-giv...
Source: European Journal of Ageing - November 25, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

‘I do it my way’: long-term care staff’s perceptions of residents’ sexual needs and suggestions for improvement in their management
This study is aimed at exploring to what extent staff perceive older residents in long-term care facilities (LTCFs) as still having sexual needs, and how they think care in relation to sexual issues could be improved. The sample was self-selected and comprised 2115 staff members (including managers, technical and care assistants) employed at 152 Spanish LTCFs. Data were collected in the second half of 2016. Participants were asked to estimate the proportion of older residents who had sexual needs in their institution and, by means of open-ended questions, they were also asked about how they satisfied such needs and how to ...
Source: European Journal of Ageing - November 25, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Views on aging: older adults ’ self-perceptions of age and of health
AbstractPerceptions of age and perceptions of health have each been found to predict future health and well-being, yet surprisingly, studies typically focused on one or the other. Studies on perceived age suggested that its effects on longevity may be mediated by perceived health. Within each of these lines of research, the constructs have not been consistently operationalized, making it difficult to generalize across studies. We aimed to investigate the associations of different measures of perceptions of age and of health with one another and with longevity. Data collected at baseline from the 851 participants of the Rut...
Source: European Journal of Ageing - November 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Purchases of medicines among community-dwelling older people: comparing people in the last 2  years of life and those who lived at least 2 years longer
This study shows that purchases of medication are concentrated at the end of life, as is the use of social and health services. However, t he differences between decedents and survivors diminish over time. (Source: European Journal of Ageing)
Source: European Journal of Ageing - November 14, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Mechanisms underlying the association between perceived discrepancy in sexual interest and sexual satisfaction among partnered older adults in four European countries
This study aimed to investigate a conceptual model of sexual satisfaction among coupled older adults which posits that the association between perceived discrepancy in sexual interest and sexual satisfaction is mediated by the frequency of sexual activity an d emotional closeness during sex. Data from a probability-based postal survey that included 2695 partnered heterosexual adults aged 60–75 years from four European countries (Norway, Denmark, Belgium, and Portugal) were used to test the mediation model. Due to expected gender differences in the tw o mediators, all analyses were carried out separately for men ...
Source: European Journal of Ageing - November 6, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

The role of body image in sexual satisfaction among partnered older adults: a population-based study in four European countries
AbstractBody image issues can affect all domains of sexual functioning. The aim of this study was to examine how, in a sociocultural context where physical and sexual attractiveness is equated with young and slim body ideals, appearance dissatisfaction and importance are related to sexual satisfaction in older adults in four European countries. A cross-sectional survey with probability samples of the population aged 60 –75 years was used. Only respondents with a partner were included in this paper, and the countries included Norway (n = 957), Denmark (n = 846), Belgium (n =&thi...
Source: European Journal of Ageing - November 6, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Predictors and correlates of sexual avoidance among partnered older adults among Norway, Denmark, Belgium, and Portugal
AbstractResearch on sex in later life has been concerned with documenting that older people continue to have sex and establishing the links between good health and sexual activity. Although sexual avoidance is common in clinical and nonclinical populations of older adults, little attention has been given to the motives for sexual avoidance. To address gaps in the literature on sexual avoidance, the present study explored the self-reported reasons for, and correlates of, sexual avoidance in older partnered individuals with probability samples of 60 –75-year-olds in four European countries (Norway, Denmark, Belgium, an...
Source: European Journal of Ageing - November 5, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Factors associated with formal volunteering among retirees
AbstractThe present study developed and tested a comprehensive multivariate model designed to assess the relative importance of various factors found or proposed in previous research to be associated with engagement in volunteering among 799 fully retired Australian older adults (62% female; mean age  = 71.92 years (SD = 6.69)). Engagement in volunteering in the 12 months preceding the study and a range of sociodemographic, psychological, physical, social, and attitudinal variables were measured. Respondents’ perceived personal responsibility to volunteer was found to be especial...
Source: European Journal of Ageing - October 22, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Educational differences in macro-level determinants of early exit from paid work: a multilevel analysis of 14 European countries
AbstractThe aim of this study was to identify macro-level determinants of early work exit and investigate whether the effects of these determinants differ across educational groups. We used data from the Survey on Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) (2011 –2013) and the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA) (2010/2011–2012/2013) as well as macro-level data and included 10,584 participants in 14 European countries. We used logistic multilevel analyses to examine educational differences in macro-level determinants of early work exit. Macro-le vel determinants were: minimum unemployment replaceme...
Source: European Journal of Ageing - October 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Physical activity and subjective age across adulthood in four samples
This study provides new evidence on the link between a health-related behavior and subjective age. Physically active individuals may sustain health and an open psychological disposition that is associated with feeling younger. (Source: European Journal of Ageing)
Source: European Journal of Ageing - October 15, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Views on ageing: a lifespan perspective
AbstractViews on ageing (VoA) have special relevance for the ageing process by influencing health, well-being, and longevity. Although VoA form early in life, so far, most research has concentrated on how VoA affect later middle-aged and older adults. In this theoretical article, we argue that a lifespan approach is needed in order to more fully understand the origins of VoA, how they change over ontogenetic time, and how they shape development across the full breadth of the lifespan. We begin by explicitly linking VoA to fundamental principles of lifespan development. We review existing theories of VoA and discuss their r...
Source: European Journal of Ageing - October 11, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Seeking help for sexual difficulties: findings from a study with older adults in four European countries
This study used data from a probability survey (n = 3820) on sexuality and ageing to examine help-seeking in 60–75-year-olds in Norway, Denmark, Belgium, and Portugal. More men (12.2%) than women (6.8%) had sought professional help for a sexual difficulty in the past 5 years. The main reason for help-seeking was that sex was important to th e participant and/or their relationship. The main source of professional help was the primary care physician. Of those who had sought professional help, 48% were satisfied or very satisfied with the help received, 31.6% were neither satisfied nor dissatisfied, a...
Source: European Journal of Ageing - October 11, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

The uniqueness of subjective ageing: convergent and discriminant validity
AbstractAlthough a large body of research has demonstrated the predictive power of subjective ageing for several decisive developmental outcomes, there remains some controversy about whether subjective ageing truly represents a unique construct. Thus, information about the convergent and discriminant validity of different approaches to measuring subjective ageing is still critically needed. Using data from the 2014 wave of the German Ageing Survey, we examined how three established subjective ageing measures (subjective age, global attitude toward own ageing, multidimensional ageing-related cognitions) were inter-related a...
Source: European Journal of Ageing - October 9, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

An exploration of subjective age, actual age, age awareness, and engagement in everyday behaviors
AbstractConsiderable research has documented relationships between subjective age and consequential outcomes such as life satisfaction, daily stress, health, and even mortality. Less is known about associations between the age people perceive themselves to be and everyday behaviors that may serve as the paths to broader life outcomes. To begin to fill this gap, this study explored the frequency with which 196 US adults aged 55 –87 years engaged in behaviors reflecting nine behavioral domains. Respondents also answered questions about their subjective age, age awareness, and actual age. Results showed that wherea...
Source: European Journal of Ageing - October 3, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Nurses ’ emotional tone toward older inpatients: Do cognitive impairment and acute hospital setting matter?
AbstractThe emotional tone of nurses ’ voice toward residents has been characterized as overly controlling and less person-centered. However, it is unclear whether this critical imbalance also applies to acutely ill older patients, who represent a major subgroup in acute hospitals. We therefore examined nurses’ emotional tone in th is setting, contrasting care interactions with severely cognitively impaired (CI) versus cognitively unimpaired older patients. Furthermore, we included a general versus a geriatric acute hospital to examine the role of different hospital environments. A mixed-methods design combinin...
Source: European Journal of Ageing - October 3, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Continuity and change in the transition to retirement: how time allocation, leisure practices and lifestyles evolve when work vanishes in later life
AbstractWith increased longevity and socio-structural as well as socio-cultural changes, ageing research has shown a growing diversity of patterns in retirement lifestyles (Scherger et al. in Ageing Soc 31:146 –172, 2011.https://doi.org/10.1017/s0144686x10000577). The transition from work to retirement is of particular interest to the study of the everyday lives, leisure activities and lifestyles of older adults, as questions on the meaning of work and leisure, activity and productivity are re-negotiated. This paper addresses the questions: how are the everyday lives of older adults re-organised when work vanishes? A...
Source: European Journal of Ageing - September 23, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

For a better me? Or for a better us? Perceived utilities of aging preparatory activities and positive future thinking in Germany, USA and Hong Kong
We examined how perceived self- and other-related utilities of aging preparatory activities were associated with positive future thinking across adulthood, and whether these associations differed by culture. Building upon cross-sectional data from a web-based study conducted in H ong Kong (n = 283,Mage = 55.12, aged 18–85 years), the USA (n = 264,Mage = 51.06, aged 20–85 years) and Germany (n = 402,Mage = 51.65, aged 19–90 years), we observed different patterns of associations across these three cultures. Pe...
Source: European Journal of Ageing - September 20, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Balancing instrumental rationality with value rationality: towards avoiding the pitfalls of the productivist ageing policy in the EU and the UK
AbstractThe current dominant approach to active ageing policy in the EU and the UK is the productivist approach. Drawing on Weber ’s concepts of instrumental rationality and value rationality, this article argues that this approach is principally informed by instrumental rationality and thus has the potential to instrumentalize older persons, to become an oppressive ideological narrative, and to ignore the unique development al meanings in late life. To avoid these pitfalls, the article proposes balancing instrumental rationality with value rationality. The balancing can occur in three dimensions. First, the value of...
Source: European Journal of Ageing - September 20, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Longitudinal change in physical functioning and dropout due to death among the oldest old: a comparison of three methods of analysis
In conclusion, the three methods yield substantially different views on decline in physical functioning: the GEE model may be useful for considering the effect of intervention measures on the outcome among living people, whereas the LME model is biased regarding studying outcomes associated with death. The joint model may be valuable for predicting the future characteristics of the oldest old and planning elderly care as life expectancy continues gradually to rise. (Source: European Journal of Ageing)
Source: European Journal of Ageing - September 18, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Sitting time and associated factors among Portuguese older adults: results from Nutrition UP 65
This study aimed to describe sitting time among Portuguese older adults and to evaluate associated factors. A cross-sectional study including 1423 older adults  ≥ 65 years old was conducted. Sitting time was assessed with the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Socio-demographic, health, anthropometric and functional variables were collected. Bivariate and multivariate linear regression models were conducted to study the association betwe en these variables and sitting time. The median of sitting time was 300 min/day (interquartile range = 240 min/day), which is equa...
Source: European Journal of Ageing - September 12, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Cross-national comparison of sex differences in ADL and IADL in Europe: findings from SHARE
AbstractWomen experience greater longevity than men, but have poorer health, although sex differences vary across health measures and geographical regions. We aim to examine sex differences in Activities of Daily Living (ADL) and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) over age across European regions in a cross-sectional setting including 51,292 men and 62,007 women aged 50+ from a pooled sample of waves 1 (2004 –2005) to 6 (2015) in the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe. ADL and IADL were dichotomised into no limitations and at least one limitation. Binomial regression models were used to est...
Source: European Journal of Ageing - August 14, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Work history, economic resources, and women ’s labour market withdrawal after the birth of the first grandchild
This study examines whether the birth of the first grandchild leads to labour market withdrawal for women, and whether there are differences between grandmothers according to their work history and household eco nomic resources. We considered the work history of women both as a measure of work–family preferences and a source of opportunities and constraints to labour market behaviour later in life. Our analyses of data from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA) 2002–2017 using hybrid logistic models show that the probability of labour market withdrawal increases after the birth of the first grandchild...
Source: European Journal of Ageing - July 12, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Economic hardship over twenty-two consecutive years of adult life and markers of early ageing: physical capability, cognitive function and inflammation
This study assesses the associations between annual measures of economic hardship (EH) across 22  years of adulthood and objective measures of early ageing in a Danish late-middle-aged population (N = 5575). EH (years 
Source: European Journal of Ageing - July 5, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Examination on how emotion regulation mediates the relationship between future time perspective and well-being: a counter-evidence to the socioemotional selectivity theory
AbstractPrevious studies have shown that older people maintain higher well-being than younger people despite their physical and cognitive functioning declining with age. This paradoxical phenomenon has been explained by the socioemotional selectivity theory (SST), in which a limited future time perspective (FTP) is an antecedent that leads to higher well-being through the use of adaptive emotion regulation. However, few empirical studies have examined the mediation process assumed in the SST. Moreover, it is unclear whether time left in life (TLL), which was originally referred to in the SST and is thought to be a differen...
Source: European Journal of Ageing - July 2, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Risk factors for a decrease in high morale in very old people over a 5-year period: data from two Nordic countries
The objective was to identify social and health-related risk factors for a decrease in morale over 5  years in very old people among those with high morale at baseline. The study is based on data derived from the Umeå85+/GERDA study conducted in Northern Sweden and Western Finland. The final sample consisted of 174 individuals who were 85 years and older at baseline and who had completed the fol low-up 5 years later. Morale was measured with The Philadelphia Geriatric Center Morale Scale (PGCMS). A set of social and health-related variables were used to test which factors were associated with a decreas...
Source: European Journal of Ageing - June 19, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Silver surfers from a European perspective: technology communication usage among European seniors
AbstractFilling a gap in our understanding of how senior citizens use information and communication technologies (ICTs), we identified several profiles of technology communication use among European seniors (aged 65+). These profiles include:Digitallyimmersed communicators,Asynchronous communicators andPhoneenjoyers. We outline the importance of a broader distinction, one that surpasses the non-user and user dichotomy, and explores the singularities of the seniors who overcome the challenge of adopting and using ICT. We consider thedigital divide concept as a starting point for the theoretical background that we reviewed i...
Source: European Journal of Ageing - June 18, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Are there educational disparities in health and functioning among the oldest old? Evidence from the Nordic countries
This study examined self-rated health (SRH), mobility and activities of daily living (ADL) according to level of education in the three oldest old age groups 75 –84, 85–94, and 95+, in four Nordic countries. Altogether, 6132 individuals from Danish Longitudinal Study of Ageing, Norwegian Life Course, Ageing and Generation study, Swedish Panel Study of Living Conditions of the Oldest Old, the 5-Country Oldest Old (Sweden) and Vitality 90 + Study were analysed. First, associations of education level with SRH, mobility, and ADL were estimated for each individual study by means of age- and gender-adju...
Source: European Journal of Ageing - June 17, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Childhood and adulthood circumstances predicting affective suffering and motivation among older adults: a comparative study of European welfare systems
AbstractThe aims of the study are, first, to examine the effect of childhood and adulthood predictors on affective suffering and motivational symptoms among older adults in Europe and, second, to assess differentials across European welfare systems. The mediating role of adulthood circumstances is also explored. Data are derived from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) waves 2 (cross-sectional material) and 3 (retrospective information). The sample includes 23,050 respondents aged 50  +. The EUROD subscales were obtained using factor analysis; scores were transformed to binary constructs; l...
Source: European Journal of Ageing - June 12, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Do young people prefer older psychotherapists?
AbstractIn times of demographic change, psychotherapists tend to stay longer in their jobs. Against the background of two contradictory age stereotypes (wise/generous versus senile/outdated old person), this analogue study investigates young adults ’ preference for old over young psychotherapists, depending on presenting problem. In a within-subjects design, therapy-motivated young female participants (N = 79) received two kinds of hypothetical presenting problems, ‘universal problems’ (addressing fundamental questions of life virulent across the adult life span) and ‘young problems&rs...
Source: European Journal of Ageing - June 7, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Level and change in economic, social, and personal resources for people retiring from paid work and other labour market statuses
AbstractWell-being in retirement is thought to depend on person ’s level of resources and how his or her resources change during retirement. However, to date few studies have directly investigated resource trajectories during retirement. The current study therefore examines how economic, personal, and social-relational resources change during the retirement tr ansition for people retiring from paid employment and for people retiring from other, non-working labour market statuses (e.g. disability pension, homemaker, unemployment). Based on four representative baseline samples of the German Ageing Survey (1996, 2002, 2...
Source: European Journal of Ageing - May 11, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Whose responsibility? Elder support norms regarding the provision and financing of assistance with daily activities across economically developed countries
AbstractWe use 2012 data on economically developed countries from the International Social Survey Program to examine variation in “cultural norms” (at the world region and country levels) and “attitudes” (at the individual level) regarding the appropriate roles of family members and formal providers in both the provision and financing of assistance with daily activities at home. Our analysis has two parts: (1) a descri ptive analysis of differences in cultural norms by world region and country (N  =  25 countries) and (2) a multilevel multinomial logistic regression analysis of the imp...
Source: European Journal of Ageing - May 10, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Card playing enhances speech perception among aging adults: comparison with aging musicians
AbstractSpeech perception and auditory processing have been shown to be enhanced among aging musicians as compared to non-musicians. In the present study, the aim was to test whether these functions are also enhanced among those who are engaged in a non-musical mentally challenging leisure activity (card playing). Three groups of 23 aging adults, aged 60 –80 years, were recruited for the study: Musicians, Card players, and Controls. Participants were matched for age, gender, Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-III Matrix Reasoning, and Digit Span scores. Their performance was measured using auditory spectral and s...
Source: European Journal of Ageing - April 13, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research