Effectiveness of a tooth-brushing programme using the picture exchange communication system (PECS) on gingival health of children with autism spectrum disorders
AbstractPurposeThe Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) is a communication system for children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The aim of this study was to assess the effect of a PECS-based tooth-brushing programme on gingival health in children with ASD and assess parents ’ perception of PECS.MethodsThis was a prospective interventional study. Using PECS as a pictures/cards series showing a structured tooth-brushing method, 37 children with ASD (31 males, 6 females) (average age 9.49  ± 4.10, 4–16 years) and their parents/caregivers were trained on tooth-brushing twice, ...
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - October 18, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Craniofacial and occlusal features of children with sickle cell disease compared to normal standards: a clinical and radiographic study of 50 paediatric patients
ConclusionsChildren with sickle cell disease showed delayed eruption of teeth, a tendency towards Class II molar relationship, with increased crowding in the lower anterior region, increased overjet and open bite when compared to the normal children. Children with sickle cell disease had severe and handicapping malocclusion as per DAI and DHC-IOTN indices and a tendency towards skeletal Class II with a vertical growth pattern. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - October 17, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Carers ’ and paediatric dentists’ perceptions of children’s pain during restorative treatment
AbstractPurposeParents/carers ’ and dentists’ evaluations are important when assessing young children’s pain. However, there is little evidence on agreement regarding children’s pain according to proxy reports. The aims of this cross-sectional study were to investigate the agreement among paediatric dentists and parents/ carers about children’s pain during treatment and the association between the reporting of pain and child behaviour.MethodsParticipants were 81 parents/carers of uncooperative children undergoing restorative treatment, and five paediatric dentists. Pain during dental treatment...
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - October 17, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

A systematic review of relative indications and contra-indications for prescribing panoramic radiographs in dental paediatric patients
ConclusionBased on currently available evidence there is a need for high quality diagnostic accuracy efficacy studies to address important diagnostic tasks in these six clinical situations in children, as there is a lack of scientific evidence concerning PRs in children, as there would support the production of guidelines for prescribing PRs in children along with their relative indications and contra-indications. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - October 10, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Acceptability of intravenous propofol sedation for adolescent dental care
ConclusionPropofol TCI sedation is an effective treatment modality for the management of dentally anxious adolescents as a safe alternative to general anaesthesia, allowing the opportunity for increased provision of treatment per visit on those patients with a high dental need. Further randomised controlled trials comparing propofol TCI to other pharmacological managements are required. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - October 8, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Prevalence and presentation patterns of enamel hypomineralisation (MIH and HSPM) among paediatric hospital dental patients in Toronto, Canada: a cross-sectional study
AbstractPurposeThe purpose of the study was to determine the prevalence and presentation patterns of molar incisor hypomineralisation (MIH) and hypomineralised second primary molars (HSPM) in the Division of Paediatric Dentistry at The Hospital for Sick Children (SickKids) in Toronto, Canada.MethodsA cross-sectional study of 429 eligible participants was carried out by nine trained and calibrated examiners. The European Academy of Paediatric Dentists (EAPD) criteria for diagnosis and documentation of MIH and HSPM defects were used.ResultsMolar incisor hypomineralisation and HSPM prevalence was 12.4% and 5.2%, respectively....
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - October 4, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Citation classics in paediatric dentistry: a bibliometric study on the 100 most-cited articles
ConclusionsThe journals with a special interest in paediatric dentistry published the majority of the 100 most-cited articles. The most frequent field of study was caries and EEC. MIH and OHRQL displayed a high number of citations per year. A poor correlation exists between the citation count in the WOS and the AAS. Dimension citation count has a strong correlation with the WOS one. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - September 27, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

A systematic review of risk assessment tools for early childhood caries: is there evidence?
ConclusionsThis systematic review showed a relative paucity of prospective trials validating the existing caries risk assessment tools in preschool children and the question whether or not the CRA process results in better oral care remained unanswered. Although the accuracy was far from excellent, we still recommend the CRA tools in paediatric dentistry practice because the desirable effects most likely outweigh the undesirable effects. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - September 26, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Jaw bones ’ involvement and dental features of type I and type III Gaucher disease: a radiographic study of 42 paediatric patients
ConclusionThinning of cortex, localised rarefaction and generalised rarefaction are the most common jaw bone findings in Gaucher patients. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - September 17, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Root canal morphology of hypomineralised first permanent molars using micro-CT
AbstractAimTo investigate the root canal morphology of hypomineralised first permanent molars (FPMs) using micro-CT ( μCT).MethodologyTwenty-four hypomineralised FPMs and five clinically sound FPMs were scanned using μCT and assessed using the following parameters: (i) root canal configuration, (ii) connecting canal frequency, (iii) enamel, dentin, and pulp volumes, (iv) cusp tip to pulp horn distance, root canal length, root canal width, and dentin thickness, and (v) the influence of the root canal system land marks on access cavity outline forms and canal curvature. A two-way repeated-measures analysis of variance ...
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - September 9, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Developmental dental anomalies assessed by panoramic radiographs in a Greek orthodontic population sample
ConclusionsA significant number of orthodontic patients had at least one DDA. The most common DDA in this sample was oligodontia followed by impaction and supernumerary teeth. Comparison to our data with other studies revealed variation in their prevalence suggesting genetic and environmental influences. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - September 7, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Assessment of orofacial dysfunction using the NOT-S method in a group of Turkish children with cerebral palsy
AbstractObjectivesA healthy determination of orofacial findings of children with cerebral palsy is important as this will lead us to utilize perfect multidisciplinary therapies of orofacial dysfunctions (OFD). Nordic Orofacial Test-Screening (NOT-S) is a comprehensive screening method of OFD which consists of a structured interview and clinical examination. The aim of our study was to evaluate the orofacial dysfunctions in a group of Turkish children with cerebral palsy using Nordic Orofacial Test-Screening (NOT-S) and find out the factors associated with OFD comparatively with a healthy group.Materials and methodsNOT-S wa...
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - September 6, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Biomechanical preparation in primary molars using manual and three NiTi instruments: a cone-beam-computed tomographic in vitro study
ConclusionUnder the conditions of this study, SAF seemed to result in more conservative and meticulous removal of dentine. This is desirable to preserve the integrity of thin-walled primary root canals. SAF also showed less untouched canal areas suggesting better contact with the primary canal walls. The rotary file groups required less clinical time which is important in paediatric treatments. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - September 5, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Oral health-related quality of life in caregivers of individuals with Cerebral Palsy: a case –control study
AbstractAimThe object of this study is to evaluate the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of caregivers of individuals with Cerebral Palsy (CP).MethodsNinety-eight caregivers of individuals with CP (SG) and 196 caregivers of individuals without special needs (CG) completed the reduced version of the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14). In addition, a questionnaire with demographic and socioeconomic questions was used. Groups were matched according to gender, schooling and family income. Fisher ’s exact tests, Chi square and Mann–Whitney, and bi/multivariate logistic regression were used (p 
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - August 30, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Pre-eruptive intra-coronal resorption of dentine: a review of aetiology, diagnosis, and management
ConclusionsEarly diagnosis of PEIR defects by careful viewing of radiographs of unerupted teeth is important as part of clinical examinations to allow early treatment. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - August 14, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Effects of a functional food supplemented with probiotics on biological factors related to dental caries in children: a pilot study
ConclusionsLactic acid probiotics can contribute to the decrease in the number of cariogenic microorganisms. However, the appropriate selection of the bacteria type with regard to its acidogenicity is fundamental to avoid the generation of an effect contrary to that expected, e.g. a significant decrease in salivary pH. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - August 6, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Response to the letter to the Editor from Dr. Alexandre Rezende Vieira, entitled ‘Prevalence of molar incisor hypomineralisation has a North–South gradient between Europe and North Africa’
(Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - August 2, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Tooth brushing habits and prevalence of early childhood caries: a prospective cohort study
AbstractPurposeTo study the relationship between the tooth-brushing habits during the preschool ages and caries prevalence at the age of 5  years and to investigate a possible association with the mode of delivery.MethodsThe study population consisted of 336 children that were orally examined at 2, 3 and 5  years. All stages of caries were scored on tooth and surface level. Data on tooth brushing behaviour were collected through semi-structured interviews.ResultsAt 5  years, the attrition rate was 13.1%. The total caries prevalence (cavitated and non-cavitated lesions) was 18.9%. The vast majority of the par...
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - July 23, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Management of odontogenic infection in paediatric patients: a retrospective clinical study
ConclusionsOverall, treatment and medications prescribed adhered to current guidelines. There was a tendency to solely prescribe antibiotics in 8.6% of outpatients which is contrary to recommendations. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - July 22, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

What children say and clinicians hear: accounts relating to incisor hypomineralisation of cosmetic concern
ConclusionIt is encouraging that dental professionals seem to be aware of the negative psychosocial impacts experienced by some children with enamel opacities, and that children feel able to describe them. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - July 20, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

The Letter to the Editor regarding the paper ‘Evaluation of the efficiency of fluoride-releasing adhesives for preventing secondary caries in-vitro: a systematic review and meta-analysis’
(Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - June 25, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Factors associated with children ’s perception of pain following dental treatment
AbstractPurposeTo assess children ’s perception of pain during routine dental procedures and associated factors.MethodsA cross-sectional study was performed including 192 children aged 6 –13 years, who visited a university paediatric dental clinic. Mothers were interviewed to obtain information about demographic and socioeconomic data, and psychosocial characteristics. During dental treatment, children’s behaviour was assessed using Frankl’s Behaviour Scale. Dental procedures were recorded according to complexity of treatment from dental records. Immediately after the dental procedure, perce...
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - June 24, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Oral health in children with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia: before and after chemotherapy treatment
AbstractAimTo  evaluate changes in the oral health status of children under the age of 14 years with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) attending a cancer centre before and after chemotherapy treatment.Materials and methodsA total of 32 children with ALL without distinction of gender were selected for study. The oral cavity of the patients was evaluated before the induction stage and 17  days later. Clinical evaluation of the submandibular, submental, and cervical lymph nodes was performed. Saliva samples were collected during the early morning hours. Bacterial plaque was assessed by using th...
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - June 18, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Letter to “Evaluation of the efficiency of fluoride-releasing adhesives for preventing secondary caries in vitro: a systematic review and meta-analysis”
(Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - June 15, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Ectopic eruption of the second premolar: an analysis of four different treatment approaches
AbstractPurposeEctopic second premolars may lead to impaction and loss of space in the jaws, and in rare cases even to resorption of the first permanent molar. The aim of this study was to analyse different treatment strategies of ectopic second premolars and if possible give guidelines on when to favour different treatment approaches.Materials and methodsThe study was a retrospective, non-randomised, outcome analysis of treatment on 41 ectopic second premolars in 37 patients (24 females and 13 males). In all cases oral examination, radiographs (pre-, peri-, and post) and full medical history were obtained. The treatment o...
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - June 12, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Impact of soft drinks to health and economy: a critical review
ConclusionsThe consumption of soft drinks with high sugar content and acidity can contribute to detrimental oral health and may also affect general health. Therefore, it is necessary to educate patients about the harmful effects of different types of soft drinks as it is not always easy for individuals to identify from drink labelling the ingredients which they contain. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - June 8, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Smartphones and tooth brushing: content analysis of the current available mobile health apps for motivation and training
ConclusionThe present study explores a new arena for oral healthcare motivation and prevention in children through the use of mobile phone apps. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - June 1, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Association of obesity with the eruption of first and second permanent molars in children: a systematic review
ConclusionThere appears to be a positive correlation between obesity and dental eruption including the  eruption timing of first and second permanent molars. Main risk of bias arises from the cross-sectional nature of included studies and lack of control of potential confounders. Further high-quality evidence is required to elucidate this association.Registration PROSPERO (CRD42017084368).RegistrationPROSPERO (CRD42017084368). (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - May 29, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Children ’s perceptions regarding functional limitations due to oral problems
ConclusionsPain symptoms and the occurrence of TDI can exert an influence on the development of functional limitations. With regard to socioeconomic factors, studying at a public preschool can influence difficulty speaking in children. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - May 29, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Assessment of the effects of a fluoride dentifrice and GC Tooth Mousse on early caries lesions in primary anterior teeth using quantitative light-induced fluorescence: a randomised clinical trial
ConclusionThe topical CPP –ACP crème used alone gave effects similar to the fluoride dentifrice; however, the combination of the two did not give additive benefits over either agent used in isolation. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - May 27, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Orthodontic treatment needs of children with high caries using Index for Preventive and Interceptive Orthodontic Needs (IPION)
This study aimed to use the Index for Preventive and Interceptive Orthodontic Treatment Needs (IPION) in high caries children and to investigate the IPION components that differentiate level of preventive and interceptive orthodontic treatment need (P&I Tx need).MethodsA sample of 202 children (8 –9 years of age) was randomly selected from the schools in urban and rural areas in Songkhla Province, Southern Thailand. Dental models, intra-oral photographs, and the examination of oral function were collected and the P&I Tx need was determined according to IPION. Chi-square or Fisher ’s exact test were...
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - May 25, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Evaluation of the antimicrobial efficacy of two combinations of drugs on bacteria taken from infected primary teeth (in vitro)
ConclusionsReplacement of minocycline with clindamycin in the 3Mix composition is practical and can be generalised to clinical studies and ultimately to the clinical setting. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - May 23, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Comparative evaluation of the effects of human breast milk and plain and probiotic-containing infant formulas on enamel mineral content in primary teeth: an in vitro study
ConclusionsIn conclusion, whereas breast milk might confer some protective effect against enamel demineralisation, infant formulas whether plain or supplemented with some probiotics might promote loss of minerals from enamel surface. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - May 23, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Dental characteristics and according treatments of children under GA in Germany
ConclusionsDental caries and its complications like pulpal problems were the most important reason for children who underwent GA combined with young age (
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - May 23, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

The effect of aloe vera and tea tree oil mouthwashes on the oral health of school children
AbstractPurposeTo evaluate the effect of two herbal mouthwashes containing aloe vera and tea tree oil, on the oral health of school children.MethodsA double-blinded, placebo-controlled prospective interventional study was conducted in school children aged 8 –14 years. The study participants were divided into four groups depending upon the mouthwash used: Group 1 (aloe vera), Group 2 (chlorhexidine), Group 3 (tea tree oil) and Group 4 (placebo). The variables studied included plaque index, gingival index and salivaryStreptococcus mutans counts, which were recorded at baseline, 4  weeks after supervised mouth...
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - May 20, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Feeding practices and early childhood caries among preschool children of Bhubaneswar, India
AbstractPurposeTo assess the prevalence of early childhood caries (ECC) in preschool children of Bhubaneswar city and to determine its relationship with feeding practices and socio-economic status of the family.MethodsA cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on 320 preschool children aged 3 to 6  years from randomly selected preschools of Bhubaneswar. A structured questionnaire was filled by parents for each child. Clinical examination included the recording of dental caries (dmft) using WHO criteria. Chi-square test and ANOVA with post hoc Bonferroni were used for statistical analysis.ResultsMean age of the ...
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - May 20, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Effects of several storage media on viability and proliferation capacity of periodontal ligament cells
ConclusionMilk and HBSS were more effective in maintaining cellular viability and proliferation capacity than any other storage media. At 5  °C, the most viable alternative was milk. At 20 °C, HBSS had better results. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - May 18, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Maternal report underestimates the amount of dentifrice used by children during toothbrushing: a cross-sectional study
ConclusionThe mothers ’ report regarding the amount of dentifrice on the toothbrush by demonstrative figures was not a reliable method to estimate the inadvertent ingestion of fluoride from dentifrices. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - May 13, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

The influence of clinical and psychosocial characteristics on children behaviour during sequential dental visits: a longitudinal prospective assessment
ConclusionsThe results provide evidence that, even with the familiarization of child with the dental environment, maternal dental anxiety, dental pain in the last month, and the complexity of dental treatment negatively affect the children ’s behaviour aged 7–12 years. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - May 7, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Prevalence, defect characteristics and distribution of other phenotypes in 3- to 6-year-old children affected with Hypomineralised Second Primary Molars
ConclusionsHypomineralised primary second molars are a fairly common condition affecting approximately 7.9% of the population thus warranting early recognition and management. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - May 3, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Do expectant mothers know how early childhood caries can be prevented? A cross-sectional study
ConclusionExpectant mothers lack adequate knowledge about ECC prevention. There is a need for interventions that deliver advice on child toothbrushing, dietary practices, and dental attendance as part of wider general-health promotion. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - April 19, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Comparative analysis of microleakage of temporary filling materials used for multivisit endodontic treatment sessions in primary teeth: an in vitro study
ConclusionAmong the four materials tested, Dia-Temp exhibited the best sealing ability and its use is recommended in between sessions of endodontic treatment in primary teeth. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - April 17, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Fissure sealants or fluoride varnish? Routines and attitudes among dental health personnel in Norway
AbstractPurposeTo investigate routines and attitudes among dentists and dental hygienists concerning use of fissure sealants and fluoride varnish for non-operative management of occlusal caries.MethodsAll dentists and dental hygienists working in child dental care in three counties in Norway were invited to answer a questionnaire on routines for use of fissure sealants and fluoride varnish. Nine statements regarding attitudes towards use of sealants were scored using a five-point Likert scale. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed to assess indicators associated with reported routines for use of sealant...
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - April 12, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Editorial
(Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - April 12, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Postoperative pain profile in 10 –15-year-olds after bilateral extraction of maxillary premolars
ConclusionsThe majority of the participants who undergo uncomplicated bilateral extraction of maxillary premolars experience mild to moderate levels of postoperative pain during a short period of time, with no differences between the first and second extractions. Bilateral tooth extractions is a suitable model for further studies on pain management. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - April 8, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Response to the Letter to the Editor by Drs Marina de Deus Moura de Lima, Renara Nat ália Cerqueira Silva and Lúcia de Fátima Almeida de Deus Moura. European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry (2019), 20: 63–63
(Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - April 3, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Do preschoolers with adverse birth outcomes have more distress during dental examination?
ConclusionsHealth professionals can help to disseminate the knowledge that children with history of low birth weight are more prone to perceive distress with apparently painless procedures. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - April 2, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Caries prevalence, clinical consequences and self-reported pain experienced by children living in the West Bank
ConclusionDeprived children living in the West Bank experience high levels of untreated dental caries, with significant clinical consequences and self-reported pain. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - March 25, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

A comparison of decontamination methods of tried-in preformed metal crowns: an in-vivo study
AbstractAimTo compare the effectiveness of different decontamination methods on tried-in preformed metal crowns (PMCs).MethodsSixty unused PMCs and 90 tried-in PMCs from patients were assessed for contamination after culturing for 24  h on liquid media, solid media and differential media for identification ofStreptococcus mutans, Staphylococcus aureus, andEscherichia coli. Subsequently, these PMCs were divided equally into the following six groups: autoclave (121  °C, 15 psi for 15 min), 5% sodium hypochlorite (5 min), 5% glutaraldehyde (5 min), 70% isopropyl alcohol (1 min) and normal sal...
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - March 25, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Primary failure of eruption of teeth in two siblings with a novel mutation in the PTH1R gene
ConclusionIn the present study, the proband initially only had a minor clinical problem, lack of eruption of the primary second left mandibular molar. However, over time several problems appeared in the permanent dentition. Clinical signs of PFE should lead one to look for similar dental problems in related family members and to molecular DNA testing. Confirmation of the diagnosis PFE in young children has the advantage that unnecessary treatment can be avoided, since early orthodontic intervention for these patients is futile. Once growth is complete, several multidisciplinary treatment strategies can partially solve the ...
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - March 23, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research