Editorial
(Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - July 29, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Regenerative endodontic therapy of immature permanent molars with pulp necrosis: a cases series and a literature review
ConclusionsRegenerative endodontic approach may be applied in posterior non-vital molar teeth with a possible favorable outcome. However, the literature support for the documentation of the procedure as a predictable and reproducible treatment option in posterior immature molar teeth is at present limited. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - July 16, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Black stain and dental caries in primary teeth of Tunisian preschool children
ConclusionPreschool children with black tooth stain had lower dental caries experience. The results of the present study suggest that black stains are a protective factor for early childhood caries. More studies are needed to explore the risk factors of black stains. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - July 8, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

The role of Polish school nurses in the oral health promotion for 7 –19 year-old children and adolescents
AbstractPurposeThe assessment of the role of school nurses in the oral health education and counselling of children and adolescents aged 7 –19 years.MethodsA self-administered questionnaire was used to evaluate nurses ’ practice in oral health education, previous training in caries prevention, collaboration with a dentist and self-assessment of knowledge. Data were analysed with the Chi square test.ResultsThe study group consisted of 140 Polish school nurses. Respondents declared the following activities: dietary counselling (99.2%), oral hygiene education (92.8%), NHS-funded supervised fluoride prophylaxi...
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - June 24, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

General dental practitioners ’ approach to caries prevention in high-caries-risk children
ConclusionsAdvice delivered by GDPs to high-caries-risk children in Jordan does not meet the standards of an evidence-based guideline. Future initiatives for oral-health-promotion should aim to address the barriers reported, especially outside the capital. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - June 22, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Global and regional estimates of dental pain among children and adolescents —systematic review and meta-analysis
AbstractAimWe aimed to evaluate the pooled prevalence of dental pain amongst children and adolescents.MethodsStudies conducted in children and adolescents up to18  years of age and where prevalence of dental is reported or calculated were included. Search was performed in four major databases from inception to June 1st, 2019. Prevalence estimate at the maximal recall for the dental pain for the individual study was used to calculate the overall pooled estima te.ResultsThe prevalence of dental pain ranged from 1.33 to 87.8% in the included publications for quantitative synthesis (n = 97). More than half o...
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - June 16, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Assessment of paediatric dental guidelines and caries management alternatives in the post COVID-19 period. A critical review and clinical recommendations
Conclusion Specific recommendations for dental management of paediatric patients during and in the post-COVID-19 era are suggested. Minimisation of AGP procedures, and case-based selection of biological, non-invasive or minimally invasive methods are recommended. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - June 16, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Outcomes of different radioprotective precautions in children undergoing dental radiography: a systematic review
ConclusionThe following radioprotective measures can reduce the exposure dose.For lateral cephalometry: collimation, filtration, the fastest receptor type and circumstantial thyroid shielding.For oblique lateral radiographs: the shortest exposure time, a smaller horizontal angulation, a longer focus to skin distance.For intraoral radiography: rectangular collimation, the fastest image receptor speed and thyroid shielding when the thyroid gland is in line of or very close to the primary beam.For panoramic radiographs: collimation, the fastest receptor type and the use of automatic exposure control (AEC) or manual adjustment...
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - June 16, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Regenerative endodontic therapy (RET) for managing immature non-vital teeth: experiences and opinions of paediatric dental practitioners in the European and Arabian regions
ConclusionsAlthough RET is being practised by European and Arabian paediatric dentists, different protocols are being used with clear deviations from the current evidence-based guidelines. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - June 13, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Aesthetic perception in children with molar incisor hypomineralization
ConclusionsChildren with MIH showed more negative perceptions toward tooth health, tooth alignment and tooth discoloration. However, none of the clinically investigated variables negatively impacted the reported pleasant colour question. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - June 10, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Distribution and morphology of enamel hypomineralisation defects in second primary molars
ConclusionThe distribution and morphology pattern of HSPM defects was similar to that in MIH, supporting the notion of a common hypomineralisation entity. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - June 10, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

In vivo correlation of near-infrared transillumination and visual inspection with bitewing radiography for the detection of interproximal caries in permanent and primary teeth
ConclusionNILT cannot be recommended as a single diagnostic tool for interproximal caries detection in primary teeth. The number of false negatives for dentine caries, especially in first primary molars, was too high. For the use in permanent teeth, NILT could be more accurate than BW radiography. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - June 9, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Parenting styles and preschool children's behaviour in a Saudi Arabian postgraduate dental setting
ConclusionIn the KSU sample studied, two parenting styles were identified among Saudi parents, authoritative and permissive parenting styles. Parenting style was correlated to parental dental anxiety and had an influence on a child ’s dental behaviour. Clinically, interesting correlations were identified regarding factors affecting child/s first dental visit behaviour. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - June 8, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Factors associated with gagging during radiographic and intraoral photographic examinations in 4 –12-year-old children
ConclusionOf the variables which we studied, GPA-de-c/SF most strongly affected the odds of gagging during taking radiographs and/or intraoral photographs. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - May 21, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

In vitro effect of children ’s toothpaste on brushing abrasion of eroded primary enamel
ConclusionsThe findings suggest that fluoride toothpaste could protect primary enamel against erosion. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - May 18, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Associations between obesity, dental caries, erosive tooth wear and periodontal disease in adolescents: a case –control study
ConclusionObese adolescents presented significantly higher caries experience, gingivitis and plaque, although after adjusting, obesity became significantly associated only with the presence of dental plaque. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - May 18, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

The effect of parenting styles on enforcement of oral health behaviours in children
ConclusionsAuthoritative parenting was associated with positive attitudes regarding both preventive dietary and oral hygiene practices. Actual oral hygiene practices were more ideal in children with authoritative parents, but parenting styles had no impact on actual dietary habits. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - May 16, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

A service evaluation of an intervention to increase application of topical fluoride varnish in general dental practice in South Yorkshire
ConclusionThis study demonstrated that a simple intervention, mandating that primary care dental practitioners record the most recent application of topical fluoride before referring a patient to secondary care, can improve the rates of topical fluoride varnish application in the UK. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - May 16, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Diagnostic efficacy of and indications for intraoral radiographs in pediatric dentistry: a systematic review
ConclusionThere is insufficient high-quality evidence for the use of intraoral radiographs in pediatric dentistry and current guidelines are based largely on expert opinion. There is a clear need for well-conducted and standardized studies regarding the use of intraoral radiography in pediatric dentistry. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - May 10, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Correction to: Children ’s dental anxiety (self and proxy reported) and its association with dental behaviour in a postgraduate dental hospital
In the original publication of the article the third author ’s name “M. Kowash” was submitted as “K. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - May 9, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Child perceptions questionnaire: translation, cultural adaptation and initial validation in a Greek adolescent population with malocclusion
AbstractPurposeSeveral studies have shown that orthodontic anomalies may affect young people ’s Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL). The purpose the present study was to translate in the Greek language, culturally adapt and initially validate the CPQ11-14 ISF-16 for a Greek adolescent population with malocclusion.MethodsFollowing relevant methodological recommendations, after translation, the comprehensiveness of the Greek version of CPQ11-14 ISF-16 (CPQ11-14 ISF-16-GR) was verified in a pilot study of 20 Greek adolescents. The main study was undertaken in a sample of 200 adolescents that presented for an in...
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - May 5, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Does previous dental care experience make the child less anxious? An evaluation of anxiety and fear of pain
This study aimed to determine the prevalence of dental anxiety in Brazilian schoolchildren and to evaluate the association between previous experience with the dentist and anxiety and fear of pain.MethodsThis was a cross-sectional descriptive study carried out in two cities in Brazil with 1191 schoolchildren aged 6 –12 years. The data were collected through interviews and clinical examination. The interviews followed theDental Anxiety Question (DAQ), theFear of Dental Pain Questionnaire Short Form (S-FDPQ) adapted to children, and some sociodemographic questions.ResultsDental anxiety was more prevalent in the yo...
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - April 29, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Masticatory efficiency in children with cerebral palsy
ConclusionChildren with CP had significantly poorer quality of chewing which is not affected by tooth functionality, but rather the primary condition. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - April 28, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Shaping ability of hand, rotary and reciprocating files in primary teeth: a micro-CT study in vitro
AbstractPurposeCompare canal transportation and dentin removal using micro computed tomography (micro-CT) and measure instrumentation time in the root canal preparation of primary molars using K-files, ProDesign Logic and Reciproc files.MethodsA representative sample of 81 root canals of primary molars was randomised into three groups: K-files (#15-40), ProDesign Logic (#25) and Reciproc (R25). A single-trained operator prepared all root canals. A standardised micro-CT evaluation was performed before and after instrumentation using the CTan® program. Instrumentation time was also recorded. Statistical analysis involved...
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - April 28, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

A 24-month retrospective study of preformed metal crowns: the Hall technique versus the conventional preparation method
ConclusionHT and conventionally placed PMCs, when placed in a postgraduate paediatric dentistry setting, were clinically and radiographically very successful at 6, 12, 18 and 24  months post operatively with a slightly higher success of the HT at 24 months. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - April 27, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Trends in CBCT current practice within three UK paediatric dental departments
ConclusionThe quantity of CBCT examination in paediatric dental patients is increasing to assist treatment planning but more often to enable improved surgical planning. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - April 24, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Validating and assessing the oral health-related quality of life among Hungarian children with cleft lip and palate using Child-OIDP scale
ConclusionThe Hungarian Child-OIDP was a reliable and valid measure. There was a substantial impact on OHRQoL among Hungarian children and adolescents with CLP. Age, gender, cleft type and dental caries were associated with poor OHRQoL. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - April 22, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Antibacterial characteristics of glass ionomer cements containing antibacterial agents: an in vitro study
ConclusionThe results of this in vitro investigation demonstrated that AB agents added to the GIC can exhibit AB effects against SM and LC without seriously damaging the physical and chemical properties of the material. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - April 15, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Physiologic and behavioural signs during a dental appointment in children and teenagers with Cerebral Palsy: a comparative cross-sectional study
AbstractAimTo evaluate the heart rate (HR) and behaviour of children and teenagers with Cerebral Palsy (CP) when having a dental appointment.MethodsA comparative cross-sectional study was carried out with 60 participants with CP, between 2 and 14  years old (study group—SG), and 60 normotypical individuals (CG). The sample was paired according to age, gender and socioeconomic status. Behaviour was evaluated during dental prophylaxis using the Frankl Scale, and HR was measured at five moments: before the appointment, when sitting in the de ntal chair, during the clinical examination, during prophylaxis and immedi...
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - April 11, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Nonsyndromic oral clefts and associated risk factors in the state of Bahia, Brazil
This study aims to determine demographic characteristics and the epidemiologic profile of NSCL ± P in Bahia, Brazil.Subject and methods692 patients of three Cleft Lip and Palate Treatment Centers were interviewed.ResultsCleft lip and palate (CLP) was the most frequent type of oral cleft (52.8%), particularly unilateral (34.8%) and affecting the left side (p 
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - April 9, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Prevalence of hypomineralised second primary molars (HSPM) in Syrian preschool children
The objective of this research was to determine the incidence and severity of HSPM and its association with caries in 4 –5 year-old children in Latakia, Syria.MethodsA cross-sectional study was carried out with 600 preschool children. The European Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (EAPD) criteria were used for scoring HSPM. The decayed, missing and filled teeth (dmft) index was used to evaluate caries status.ResultsThe prevalence of HSPM was 41%. The difference in HSPM prevalence between males and females was not statistically significant (p >  0.05). Children with HSPM are more likely to have dent...
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - April 7, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Mini-screw implant-supported pontics for the transitional management of missing permanent maxillary lateral incisors in children and adolescents: a review of currently available evidence
ConclusionsThe limited evidence shows that MSI-supported pontics are useful transitional restorations for missing permanent maxillary lateral incisors in children and adolescents; however, further well-designed clinical trials are needed in this regard. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - April 7, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Comparison of nerve fibers in the deciduous first and second molar teeth: an in vitro study
AbstractIntroductionSensory nerves of the tooth pulp have been evolved in both deciduous and permanent teeth for conducting possible damages to the teeth. Although it has been reported that the deciduous tooth ’s pulp is histologically similar to permanent teeth, the difference in the density of nerves between the first and second deciduous molars has been reported in no studies.AimThe aim of the study was to investigate the histological assay of pulpal nerves and assess the relationship between diameter and density of nerve fibres in the first and second deciduous molar teeth.Materials and methodsIn this in vitro st...
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - March 19, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Clinical evaluation of instrumentation time and quality of obturation using paediatric hand and rotary file systems with conventional hand K-files for pulpectomy in primary mandibular molars: a double-blinded randomized controlled trial
ConclusionsOn comparative evaluation, a marked reduction in instrumentation time and superior quality of obturation was found with rotary Kedo-SG Blue file system followed by Kedo-SH, Kedo-S and hand K-files. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - March 17, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

A questionnaire study on perception and clinical management of molar incisor hypomineralisation (MIH) by Irish dentists
ConclusionsMIH is frequently encountered by Irish general dentists. The overall wide disparity of responses is in line with other studies, and further highlights the need for the development of strong treatment guidelines and continuing dental education to assist dentists in treatment planning for MIH. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - March 17, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Children ’s dental anxiety (self and proxy reported) and its association with dental behaviour in a postgraduate dental hospital
AbstractPurposeChild dental anxiety (CDA) and uncooperative dental behaviour are common. We aimed to assess the prevalence of CDA (self- and proxy- reported) in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) children related to their dental behaviour.MethodsData were collected from 312 questionnaires obtained from 156 parent/child (mean age 9.95  ± 2.17 years) pairs attending a postgraduate dental hospital. Demographics, self/proxy- reported CDA scores via a six-question, five-point Likert scale, of theModified CDA Scale-faces version (MCDAS-f: where  ≥ 19 was severe CDA) andFrankl Behaviour Rati...
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - March 13, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Role of attachment style in prediction of behavior of 3 to 6-year-old children
ConclusionsThe current findings revealed no significant difference in the attachment styles of cooperative and uncooperative children. Significant associations only existed between the insecure ambivalent attachment style and child –dentist communication, and also between mother–child separation and secure attachment style. Thus, the children’s behavior in dental office cannot be predicted based on their attachment style. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - March 10, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Root canal morphology of primary maxillary second molars: a micro-computed tomography analysis
ConclusionThe root canal systems of primary maxillary second molars were not only complex but had a range of configurations that may contribute to unfavourable clinical outcomes after endodontic treatment. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - February 25, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Can child safeguarding training be improved?: findings of a multidisciplinary audit
ConclusionFocused training on diagnosis and local protocols, accompanied by bespoke teaching for specific specialties would be the most constructive tool for safeguarding children. Exploring modern methods such as simulation-based training could be effective. Structured forms and local policies that are familiar to clinicians prevent omissions and encourage professional awareness. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - February 15, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Attitudes of EAPD members toward using the “knee-to-knee” position
ConclusionsMost of the paediatric dentists who responded to this survey reported performing dental examinations in toddlers up to 2  years old using the “knee-to-knee” position. Majority of respondents also used this position to instruct parents regarding oral hygiene and to apply fluoride varnish. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - February 13, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

In vitro inhibitory effect of two commercial probiotics on chromogenic actinomycetes
ConclusionsThe obtained results demonstrate a potent antagonistic ability of probiotics to reduce the growth of microorganisms associated with black tooth stains. Therefore, these strains could be evaluated for a therapeutic use against dental pigmentations. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - February 7, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Orofacial granulomatosis: a questionnaire study among  Norwegian dental clinicians
AbstractAimsTo evaluate awareness on orofacial granulomatosis (OFG) and oral Crohn disease (oral CD) among Norwegian dental clinicians.MethodsA precoded questionnaire (QuestBack) was sent electronically to dentists and dental hygienists treating children and adolescents in the public dental service (PDS) in Norway. Data on the clinicians ’ knowledge of OFG and oral CD related to working experience were analysed by Chi square tests and bivariate logistic regression analyses.ResultsA total of 1097 clinicians were invited to participate, 778 dentists and 319 dental hygienists; 48.2% returned the completed form. Fifty-fo...
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - February 4, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Correction to: Diagnostic efficacy of cone beam computed tomography in paediatric dentistry: a systematic review
In the original publication of the article the fifth author ’s name “A. Littlewood” was submitted as “A. Littewood” which was left unnoticed in the later stages. The correct name is as published in this erratum. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - February 3, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Effect of cerebral palsy and dental caries on dental plaque index, salivary parameters and oxidative stress in children and adolescents
ConclusionCerebral palsy exerts an influence on the salivary profile, oral health and oxidative stress. The individuals with CP had more acidic saliva and a higher dental plaque index, which were positively correlated with caries activity. CP was associated with high salivary levels of reactive species and lipid peroxidation, demonstrating an imbalance in salivary redox that was particularly associated with caries activity. These factors facilitate the development of oral diseases in individuals with cerebral palsy. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - February 1, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Oral health of Brazilian individuals with mucopolyssaccaridosis
This study described and compared the oral characteristics of Brazilian individuals with mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) and without MPS.MethodsA cross-sectional study was performed with 29 individuals with MPS and 29 without MPS and their parents/guardians. The individuals were aged between 3 and 21  years and attended at two hospitals in Belo Horizonte, southeastern Brazil. The dental characteristics were evaluated by clinical examination of dental caries, gingivitis, malocclusion, dental anomalies and developmental defects of enamel. The parents/guardians answered a questionnaire about the s ociodemographic and behavio...
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - January 31, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Dentists, dental hygienists and dental students ’ knowledge regarding recommended fluoride concentration in toothpaste for children
ConclusionsIsraeli dental practitioners should be educated about the Israeli Ministry of Health fluoride concentrations in toothpaste guidelines. The guidelines should be emphasised at annual meetings and in continuing education courses. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - January 2, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Self-induced soft-tissue injuries following dental anesthesia in children with and without intellectual disability. A prospective study
ConclusionsSSI are common complications of local anesthesia in young children and individuals with intellectual disability. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - January 2, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Molar incisor hypomineralisation in Lebanon: prevalence and clinical characteristics
The objectives of this study were to investigate the prevalence of MIH in 7 –9-year-old Lebanese children, with relevance to gender, jaw and side distribution, and to assess the clinical status, extent and severity of MIH lesions of the affected teeth.DesignRepresentative sample (n = 659) of 7–9-year-old Lebanese children attending private and public schools distributed throughout Lebanon was examined for MIH. Clinical status, extent and severity of MIH lesions on FPMs and permanent incisors were scored using the short-form grading method (MIH index) of Ghanim et al. (E ur Arch Paediatr Dent 16:23...
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - December 21, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Diagnostic efficacy of cone beam computed tomography in paediatric dentistry: a systematic review
ConclusionsNo strong recommendations on CBCT are possible, except that it should not be used as a primary diagnostic tool for caries. Guidelines on use of CBCT in the paediatric age group should be developed cautiously, taking into account the greater radiation risk and the higher economic costs compared with radiography. CBCT should only be used when adequate conventional radiographic examination has not answered the question for which imaging was required. Clinical research in paediatric patients is required at the higher levels of diagnostic efficacy of CBCT. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - December 19, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Comparison of the efficacy of a standard inferior alveolar nerve block versus articaine infiltration for invasive dental treatment in permanent mandibular molars in children: a pilot study
ConclusionThis study showed that invasive dental treatment on a mandibular molar tooth can be completed successfully in children using a BI of articaine. In addition, the perceived pain of injection and treatment when using a BI of articaine is comparable to an IDB with lidocaine. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - December 12, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research