Social Determinants of Health and Implementation Research: Three Decades of Progress and a Need for Convergence.
Authors: Mensah GA, Riley WT PMID: 33519149 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - February 3, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Social Determinants of Health and Implementation Research: Lessons from the COVID-19 Pandemic.
Authors: Riley WT, Mensah GA Abstract During the past three decades, the world has experienced many clinical and public health challenges that require implementation of practices and policies informed by an understanding of social determinants of health and health inequities, but perhaps none as global and pervasive as the current COVID-19 pandemic. In the context of this special themed issue on Social Determinants of Health and Implementation Research: Three Decades of Progress and a Need for Convergence, we highlight the application of social determinants of health and implementation research on various aspects o...
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - February 3, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Should We Implement Geographic or Patient-Reported Social Determinants of Health Measures In Cardiovascular Patients.
Conclusions: The Brokamp ADI is associated with mortality in hospitalized patients with CVD. In the absence of available patient-reported data, hospitals could implement the Brokamp ADI as an approximation for patient-reported data to enhance risk stratification of patients with CVD. PMID: 33519151 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - February 3, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Eliciting the Social Determinants of Cancer Prevention and Control in the Catchment of an Urban Cancer Center.
Conclusions: The implications of our study are three-fold. First, they highlight the strengths of the nominal group technique as a methodology for engaging community stakeholders. Second, our analysis led to identifying a smaller set of social priorities for which tailored screening and practical solutions could be implemented within our health care system. Third, the results provide insight into the actual types of interventions and resources that communities expect from the health care sector. PMID: 33519152 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - February 3, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Determinants of Adherence to National Infant Feeding Guidelines by Black Mothers Living with HIV.
Conclusion: City-level factors were not found to influence adherence to infant feeding guidelines; however, socio-cultural and psychosocial factors at community, family and individual levels were significant. Policy formulation and targeted interventions must be cognizant of cultural expectations of motherhood and mindful of psychosocial determinants of adherence to infant feeding guidelines. PMID: 33519153 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - February 3, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Social Determinants of Emergency Department Visits among Persons Diagnosed with Coronary Heart Disease and Stroke.
Authors: Baptiste DL, Turkson-Ocran RA, Han HR, Himmelfarb CD, Commodore-Mensah Y Abstract Background: Social determinants of health (SDOH) are associated with a variety of health outcomes, yet their relation to emergency department (ED) visits among individuals with coronary heart disease (CHD) or stroke is unclear. Methods: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of the 2010-2018 National Health Interview Survey, examining ED visits among individuals who self-reported CHD or stroke diagnosis. The outcome was defined as reporting ≥1 ED visit in the previous 12 months vs none. The SDOH examined were race, em...
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - February 3, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Social Determinants of Health as Potential Influencers of a Collaborative Care Intervention for Patients with Hypertension.
Conclusions: A patient's social determinants of health influence the extent of engagement in a collaborative care intervention and nurse care manager appraisals of the need for supplementary support provided by community health workers. PMID: 33519155 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - February 3, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Diabetes-Related Stigma and its Influence on Social Networks, Social Support, and HbA1c in Ghana.
Authors: Botchway M, Davis RE, Merchant AT, Appiah LT, Moore S Abstract Objective: We applied a social network approach to examine if three types of diabetes-related stigma (self-stigma, perceived stigma and enacted stigma) moderated associations between social network characteristics (network size, kin composition, household composition, and network density), social support, and blood glucose among Ghanaians with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods: Data were obtained through a cross-sectional survey of 254 adults at a diabetes clinic in Ghana that assessed participants' social networks, social support, a...
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - February 3, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Disparities in ADHD Diagnosis and Treatment by Race/Ethnicity in Youth Receiving Kentucky Medicaid in 2017.
Conclusions: Diagnosis and treatment modalities differed for children by race/ethnicity, population density, and sex. More data are needed to better understand whether differences are due to provider bias, child characteristics, or cultural variations impacting the utilization of different treatment options. PMID: 33519157 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - February 3, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Native American Ancestry and Air Pollution Interact to Impact Bronchodilator Response in Puerto Rican Children with Asthma.
Conclusions: Decreased Native American ancestry coupled with increased air pollution exposure was associated with increased BDR in Puerto Rican children with asthma. Our study acknowledges BDR's phenotypic complexity, and emphasizes the importance of integrating social, environmental, and biological data to further our understanding of complex disease. PMID: 33519158 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - February 3, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Homelessness and Medicaid Churn.
Conclusions: Medicaid policies would do well to take into consideration the barriers to continued enrollment for the Medicaid population. Measures ought to be enacted to reduce Medicaid churn, especially for individuals experiencing homelessness. PMID: 33519159 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - February 3, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Association of Perceived Stress and Discrimination on Medication Adherence among Diverse Patients with Uncontrolled Hypertension.
Authors: Alvarez C, Hines AL, Carson KA, Andrade N, Ibe CA, Marsteller JA, Cooper LA, RICH LIFE Project Investigators Abstract Background: Uncontrolled hypertension is a significant risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. In the United States, many patients remain uncontrolled, in part, due to poor medication adherence. Efforts to improve hypertension control include not only attending to medical management of the disease but also the social determinants of health, which impact medication adherence, and ultimately blood pressure control. Purpose: To determine which social determinants - health c...
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - February 3, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Application of the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research to Facilitate Delivery of Trauma-Informed HIV Care.
Conclusions: Through identification of CFIR inner and outer setting factors that might influence adoption of TIC within an HIV primary care clinic, our findings begin to fill key knowledge gaps in understanding barriers and facilitators for adopting TIC in HIV primary care settings and highlight implementation strategies that could be employed to support successful TIC implementation. PMID: 33519161 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - February 3, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Trust and Mistrust in Shaping Adaptation and De-Implementation in the Context of Changing Screening Guidelines.
Conclusion: Findings highlight that trust and mistrust are important but understudied social determinants of health among AAs that should be considered in implementation science as they: 1) have critical implications for shaping health inequities; and 2) help explain and contextualize why new screening guidelines may not be fully embraced in the AA community. PMID: 33519162 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - February 3, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Policy Implementation Science - An Unexplored Strategy to Address Social Determinants of Health.
Authors: Emmons KM, Chambers DA Abstract This commentary explores the ways in which robust research focused on policy implementation will increase our ability to understand how to - and how not to - address social determinants of health. We make three key points in this commentary. First, policies that affect our lives and health are developed and implemented every single day, like it or not. These include "small p" policies, such as those at our workplaces that influence whether we have affordable access to healthy food at work, as well as "large P" policies that, for example, determine at a la...
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - February 3, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Is It "True" Pain? Pain Treatment Discharge Planning for Seriously Injured Patients.
Conclusions: Trauma care providers described a range of factors, beyond patient-elicited pain reports, in order to interpret their patients' analgesic needs. These included consideration of both the risks of under treatment and unnecessary suffering, and overtreatment and contribution to opioid overdoses. PMID: 33519164 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - February 3, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

The Influence of Health Insurance Stability on Racial/Ethnic Differences in Diabetes Control and Management.
Conclusion: Stable insurance coverage was associated with improved DM outcomes for all racial / ethnic groups, but did not eliminate racial ethnic disparities. PMID: 33519165 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - February 3, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Examination of Food Insecurity, Socio-Demographic, Psychosocial, and Physical Factors among Residents in Public Housing.
Conclusion: Among this sample of public housing residents, food insecurity was associated with higher stress, more personal problems, higher experiences of physical symptoms, and lower social support. PMID: 33519166 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - February 3, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Together We Make the Difference: National Strategy for Recruitment and Participation in Alzheimer's and Related Dementias Clinical Research.
Authors: Elliott CL Abstract The National Alzheimer's Project Act identifies the effective treatment and prevention of Alzheimer's by 2025 as an urgent public health mission. This priority is reflected in the recent increases in public funding that is accelerating Alzheimer's and related dementias research. Many drugs and clinical interventions are in rapid development, with the promising ones moving to clinical trials to be tested. There are currently more than 200 on-going clinical trials, seeking more than 270,000 participants, which will require screening of more than a million individuals. With the race to tre...
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - December 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Perceived Impediments to Completed Brain Autopsies Among Diverse Older Adults Who Have Signed a Uniform Anatomical Gift Act for Brain Donation for Clinical Research.
Discussion: Diverse older adults expressed different perceived impediments to having brain autopsies completed upon their death. Continuous education for diverse older adults and their family members regarding brain donation for clinical research, including clear guidelines and processes, may facilitate completed brain autopsies among diverse older adults. PMID: 33250618 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - December 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Earning the Trust of African American Communities to Increase Representation in Dementia Research.
Authors: Portacolone E, Palmer NR, Lichtenberg P, Waters CM, Hill CV, Keiser S, Vest L, Maloof M, Tran T, Martinez P, Guerrero J, Johnson JK Abstract Black/African American populations are underrepresented as participants in dementia research. A major barrier to participation of African American older adults in dementia research is a tendency to distrust research institutions owing to both historical and contemporary racism. Building on the Ford framework, the objective of our study was to examine factors that influence participation in dementia research among African American older adults and caregivers, with an e...
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - December 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Evaluation of Recruitment of Older Adults of Color into a Community-Based Chronic Disease Self-Management Wellness Pathway Program in Los Angeles County.
Conclusions: MPC-based EBPs were associated with improvements in disease management skills among older adults; a proposed Wellness Pathway shows early evidence of feasibility and warrants further investigation. Future efforts to implement this model of recruiting older adults of color into EBPs should address barriers for implementation and sustainability. PMID: 33250620 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - December 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Guidelines for Evaluating the Feasibility of Recruitment in Pilot Studies of Diverse Populations: An Overlooked but Important Component.
Conclusions: These guidelines provide a first step in thinking systematically about recruitment feasibility, to advance the field of measuring feasibility. Feasibility indicators also can be used to track the effectiveness of innovative recruitment strategies as part of building the science of recruitment, especially in disparities populations. PMID: 33250621 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - December 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Building and Sustaining a Community Advisory Board of African American Older Adults as the Foundation for Volunteer Research Recruitment and Retention in Health Sciences.
Authors: Mitchell J, Perry T, Rorai V, Ilardo J, Lichtenberg PA, Jackson JS Abstract Older African Americans' participation in health-related research is severely limited; they are not involved in sufficient numbers to ensure the applicability of advancements in medical and behavioral health. This research participation gap exacerbates older African Americans' vulnerability to poor health outcomes and disparities. The Michigan Center for Urban African American Aging Research employs a progressive community-based participatory model that utilizes a structured community advisory board (CAB) of African American older ...
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - December 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Partnering with Middle Eastern/Arab American and Latino Immigrant Communities to Increase Participation in Alzheimer's Disease Research.
Conclusion: Partnership with communities to develop culturally targeted and sensitive community health events can fill a significant gap in addressing ADRD health disparities by establishing sustainable relationships to increase participation in ADRD research. PMID: 33250623 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - December 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Addressing Neurocognitive Disorders, Dementias, and Alzheimer's Disease in Colonias of the Lower Rio Grande Valley: Establishing a Research Foundation Using Promotores.
Authors: Garza N, Uscamayta-Ayvar M, Maestre GE Abstract Several Texas communities along the Mexican border, including the Lower Rio Grande Valley (LRGV), are home to low-income Hispanic populations, many of whom live in underserved communities known as colonias. These areas have high incidences of neurocognitive disorders, dementia, and Alzheimer's disease (AD); health care strategies that are culturally and linguistically appropriate for the area are needed. We aim to build capacity to reduce risk, facilitate treatment, and provide caregiver support for affected individuals. However, gaining trust of communities ...
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - December 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Lessons from my Elders on Recruitment and Retention into Health Research.
Authors: Harawa NT Abstract In this brief report, the author shares lessons from Loretta Jones, MA and William Jenkins, PhD, two elders who shaped her research with communities that occupy intersecting marginalized categories. These lessons were echoed and amplified by the community panelists at the RCMAR workshop on recruitment and retention of diverse elders. They include centering the priorities of communities themselves, helping community members envision the types of positive transformations that research can help bring about, engaging and valuing the contributions of diverse sectors of the community, and reco...
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - December 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Early Stage Investigators: Emerging Research Supporting Health Equity.
Authors: Echeverria S, Onukwugha E PMID: 32989350 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - September 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Gender Norms, Discrimination, Acculturation, and Depressive Symptoms among Latino Men in a New Settlement State.
Conclusions: Our results suggest a potential future avenue for intervention research: testing whether changing gender norms could result in improvements to mental health. PMID: 32989351 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - September 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Revisiting the Association between Race, Ethnicity, and Beliefs about Pregnancy.
Conclusions: Our findings suggest that once more nuanced beliefs about pregnancy prevention are considered, Black and Latinx individuals do not hold strongly different beliefs than Whites. Efforts that exclusively focus on people of color to change beliefs about pregnancy appear unwarranted. PMID: 32989352 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - September 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

"Just Because You Have Ears Doesn't Mean You Can Hear"-Perception of Racial-Ethnic Discrimination During Childbirth.
Conclusions: Perceived racial-ethnic discrimination during childbirth influences patient-provider communication and is an important and potentially modifiable aspect of the patient experience. Interventions to reduce obstetric health care disparities should address perceived discrimination, both from the provider and patient perspectives. PMID: 32989353 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - September 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

The Impact of Fibroids and Histologic Subtype on the Performance of US Clinical Guidelines for the Diagnosis of Endometrial Cancer among Black Women.
Conclusions: Among a simulated cohort of US Black women, the recommended 4+mm ET threshold to trigger diagnostic biopsy for EC diagnosis performed poorly, with more than 50% of cases missed and an 8-fold higher frequency of false negative results than reported for the general population. PMID: 32989354 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - September 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Determinants of Depression Risk among Three Asian American Subgroups in New York City.
Conclusions: Depression risk and determinants differed by Asian American ethnic subgroup. Identifying factors associated with depression risk among these groups is key to targeting limited public health resources for these underserved communities. PMID: 32989355 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - September 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Mechanisms of Racial Health Disparities: Relationships between Coping and Psychological and Physiological Stress Responses.
Conclusions: Findings revealed complex relationships between coping and psychological and physiological stress responses and suggest the importance of differing approaches to reducing associated racial health disparities among men. PMID: 32989356 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - September 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Heart Failure Training and Job Satisfaction: A Survey of Home Care Workers Caring for Adults with Heart Failure in New York City.
Conclusions: The majority of HCWs have not received HF training. HF training was associated with higher job satisfaction, suggesting that HF training programs may improve HCWs' experience caring for this patient population. PMID: 32989357 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - September 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Ethnic Restaurant Nutrition Environments and Cardiovascular Health: Examining Hispanic Caribbean Restaurants in New York City.
Authors: Fuster M, Pouget ER, Handley MA, Ray K, Elbel B, Sakowitz EN, Halvey K, Huang T Abstract Objective: To adapt and apply the Nutrition Environment Measures Survey for Restaurants (NEMS-R) to Hispanic Caribbean (HC) restaurants and examine associations between restaurant characteristics and nutrition environment measures. Methods: We adapted the NEMS-R for HC cuisines (Cuban, Puerto Rican, Dominican) and cardiovascular health-promoting factors, and applied the instrument (NEMS-HCR) to a random sample of HC restaurants in New York City (NYC) (N=89). Multivariable linear regression was used to assess indepe...
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - September 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Acculturation and Cancer Risk Behaviors among Pacific Islanders in Hawaii.
Conclusions: Cancer prevention programs are greatly needed for PIs in HI. This study provides knowledge concerning the efficiency of RDS to recruit participants, and the role of culture in communications influencing cancer risk behaviors, which may be generalizable to migrant PIs in the United States. PMID: 32989359 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - September 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Culturally and Linguistically Appropriate Hospital Services Reduce Medicare Length of Stay.
Authors: Schiaffino MK, Ruiz M, Yakuta M, Contreras A, Akhavan S, Prince B, Weech-Maldonado R Abstract Introduction: Almost 40% of the 63 million Americans who speak a language other than English have limited English proficiency (LEP). This communication barrier can result in poor quality care and potentially adverse health outcomes. Of particular interest is that the greatest proportion of LEP adults are aged>65 years and will face barriers and delays in accessing high-quality care. Age cohort variation of LEP burden has not been widely addressed. Culturally and linguistically appropriate hospital care delivery...
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - September 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Examining Racial Differences in Access to Primary Care for People Living with Lupus: Use of Ambulatory Care Sensitive Conditions to Measure Access.
Conclusions: Our data show that middle-aged minorities living with lupus and on public health insurance have a higher likelihood of poor access to primary care. Health care workers and policymakers should develop plans to identify patients, explore issues affecting access, and place patients with a community health worker or social worker to promote better access to primary care. PMID: 32989361 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - September 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Trends in Obesity and Medical Expenditure among Women with Diabetes, 2008-2016: Differences by Race/Ethnicity.
Authors: Williams JS, Lu K, Akinboboye O, Olukotun O, Zhou Z, Nagavally S, Egede LE Abstract Objectives: Diabetes results in $327 billion in medical expenditures annually, while obesity, a risk factor for type 2 diabetes, leads to more than $147 billion in expenditure annually. The aims of this study were: 1) to evaluate racial/ethnic trends in obesity and medical expenditures; and 2) to assess incremental medical expenditures among a nationally representative sample of women with diabetes. Methods: Nine years of data (2008-2016) from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Full Year Consolidated File (unweighted ...
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - September 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Association between Income and Obesity in Black Men: The Role of Work-Life Interference.
Authors: Bell CN, Thorpe RJ Abstract Obesity rates increase as household income increases among Black men, yet only a few studies have sought to understand this unique association. Scholars have posited that gendered stressors like role strain that are work-related could play a role in obesity among Black men. Work-life interference is a concept that captures the conflict between work life and family/personal life. Work-life interference is associated with obesity-related behaviors but has been understudied in Black men. The aim of this study was to determine the interrelationship between work-life interference, in...
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - September 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Sociodemographic Determinants of Life's Simple 7: Implications for Achieving Cardiovascular Health and Health Equity Goals.
Authors: Egan BM, Li J, Sutherland SE, Jones DW, Ferdinand KC, Hong Y, Sanchez E Abstract Background: Life's Simple 7 (LS7; nutrition, physical activity, cigarette use, body mass index, blood pressure, cholesterol, glucose) predicts cardiovascular health. The principal objective of our study was to define demographic and socioeconomic factors associated with LS7 to better inform programs addressing cardiovascular health and health equity. Methods: National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys 1999-2016 data were analyzed on non-Hispanic White [NHW], NH Black [NHB], and Hispanic adults aged ≥20 years with...
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - September 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Discrimination Is Associated with Elevated Cardiovascular Disease Risk among African Immigrants in the African Immigrant Health Study.
Authors: Turkson-Ocran RN, Szanton SL, Cooper LA, Golden SH, Ahima RS, Perrin N, Commodore-Mensah Y Abstract Background: African Americans and other persons of African descent in the United States are disproportionately affected by cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Discrimination is associated with higher CVD risk among US adults; however, this relationship is unknown among African immigrants. Methods: The African Immigrant Health Study was a cross-sectional study of African immigrants in Baltimore-Washington, DC, with recruitment and data collection taking place between June 2017 and April 2019. The main outcome ...
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - September 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

HPV Vaccination Hesitancy Among Latina Immigrant Mothers Despite Physician Recommendation.
Conclusions: A recommendation by a health care provider may be not enough to motivate Latina immigrant mothers to vaccinate their daughters. Further efforts should focus on increasing awareness regarding HPV and cervical cancer, heightening perceived risk of HPV infection among daughters and boosting self-efficacy to get their children vaccinated against HPV. PMID: 32989366 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - September 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Risk Factors for Alzheimer's Disease and Related Dementia Diagnoses in American Indians.
Authors: Carty CL, Noonan C, Muller C, Saner D, Reiman EM, Buchwald D, Bell RA, Nelson LA Abstract The burden of Alzheimer's disease and related dementias (ADRD) has increased substantially in the United States, particularly in health disparity populations. Little is known about the epidemiology of ADRD in American Indian (AI) adults, although they have a high prevalence of ADRD risk factors including hypertension, diabetes, obesity, and smoking. Using electronic health records from a large health care organization during 2016-18, we describe characteristics of AI patients aged ≥55 years with and without an ADRD...
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - September 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Baseline Characteristics of the 2015-2019 First Year Student Cohorts of the NIH Building Infrastructure Leading to Diversity (BUILD) Program.
This article describes baseline characteristics of four incoming, first-year student cohorts at the primary BUILD institutions who completed the Higher Education Research Institute, The Freshmen Survey between 2015-2019. These freshmen are the primary student cohorts for longitudinal analyses comparing outcomes of BUILD program participants and non-participants. Design: Baseline description of first-year students entering college at BUILD institutions during 2015-2019. Setting: Ten colleges/universities that each received
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - September 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Sub-Saharan Africa Tackles COVID-19: Challenges and Opportunities.
Authors: Mezue K, Edwards P, Nsofor I, Goha A, Anya I, Madu K, Baugh D, Nunura F, Gaulton G, Madu E Abstract As of May 2020, the global COVID-19 pandemic had reached 187 countries with more than 3.7 million confirmed cases and 263,000 deaths. While sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) has not been spared, the extent of disease is currently far less than in Europe or North America leading some to posit that climatic, genetic or other conditions will self-limit disease in this location. Nonetheless, infections in tropical Africa continue to rise at an alarming pace with the potential to soon exceed health resource availability a...
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - September 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Mental Health Community and Health System Issues in COVID-19: Lessons from Academic, Community, Provider and Policy Stakeholders.
Authors: Arevian AC, Jones F, Moore EM, Goodsmith N, Aguilar-Gaxiola S, Ewing T, Siddiq H, Lester P, Cheung E, Ijadi-Maghsoodi R, Gabrielian S, Sugarman OK, Bonds C, Benitez C, Innes-Gomberg D, Springgate B, Haywood C, Meyers D, Sherin JE, Wells K Abstract The coronavirus pandemic of 2019 (COVID-19) has created unprecedented changes to everyday life for millions of Americans due to job loss, school closures, stay-at-home orders and health and mortality consequences. In turn, physicians, academics, and policymakers have turned their attention to the public mental health toll of COVID-19. This commenta...
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - September 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

To the Editor.
Authors: Raj GM, Mathaiyan J PMID: 32989371 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - September 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

The Authors Reply.
Authors: Clement Y, Singh S, Motilal S, Maharaj R, Nunez-Smith M PMID: 32990691 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - September 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research