Racism and Health.
Authors: Thorpe RJ PMID: 32742138 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - August 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Art, Anti-Racism and Health Equity: "Don't Ask Me Why, Ask Me How!"
Conclusion: Art can be an important tool to facilitate moving past intellectual arguments that seek to explain, justify and excuse racism. Art may be particularly important in efforts to illuminate how racism operates in organizational or institutional contexts and to communicate hope, resilience, and strength amid what seems impossible. PMID: 32742139 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - August 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Building the Transdisciplinary Resistance Collective for Research and Policy: Implications for Dismantling Structural Racism as a Determinant of Health Inequity.
Authors: Transdisciplinary Resistance Collective for Research and Policy, Neely AN, Ivey AS, Duarte C, Poe J, Irsheid S Abstract Structural racism is a multilevel system of ideologies, institutions, and processes that have created and reified racial/ethnic inequities. As a system, it works in concert across institutions to propagate racial injustice. Thus, efforts to address structural racism and its implications for health inequity require transdisciplinary collaboration. In this article, we begin by describing the process through which we have leveraged our discipline-specific training -- spanning education, epid...
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - August 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Structural Racial Inequities in Socioeconomic Status, Urban-Rural Classification, and Infant Mortality in US Counties.
Conclusions: Factors related to structural racism may not be homogenous or have the same impacts on overall IMR, race-specific IMR, and racial differences in IMR across places. Understanding these differential impacts can help public health professionals and policymakers improve Black infant health and eliminate racial inequities in IMR. PMID: 32742141 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - August 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Cost-Related Non-Utilization of Health Services and Self-Perceived Reactions to Race.
Conclusions: Negative perceptions of reactions to race during the time of health services utilization is positively associated with CRNU, ie, foregoing physician visits and prescription fills due to cost. PMID: 32742142 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - August 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Associations between Perceived Racial Discrimination and Tobacco Cessation among Diverse Treatment Seekers.
Conclusions: Perceived racial/ethnic discrimination was greater among African American/Black smokers compared with non-Hispanic Whites. Perceived discrimination was negatively associated with tobacco cessation in the full sample, and for African Americans at 6-months post-intervention. These data have implications for intervention delivery and health disparities. PMID: 32742143 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - August 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Incorporating Health Equity and Community Perspectives During COVID-19: Commonalities with Cardiovascular Health Equity Research.
Authors: Payton Foh E, Echeverria SE Abstract The COVID-19 pandemic is revealing the deeply entrenched structural inequities in health that exist in the United States. We draw parallels between the COVID-19 pandemic and our cardiovascular health equity research focused on physical activity and diabetes to highlight three common needs: 1) access to timely and disaggregated data; 2) how to integrate community-engaged approaches in telehealth; and 3) policy initiatives that explicitly integrate health equity and social justice principles and action. We suggest that a similar sense of urgency regarding COVID-19 should ...
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - August 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

COVID-19 and African American Religious Institutions.
Authors: Bruce MA Abstract Religious institutions have historically been an essential resource in African American communities and can serve as indispensable partners during a public health crisis. The purpose of this perspective is to establish African American churches, mosques, and temples as essential for an immediate, comprehensive, and sustained response to the elevated risk for and spread of COVID-19 among African Americans. PMID: 32742145 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - August 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Impact of COVID-19 on Clinical Research and Inclusion of Diverse Populations.
Authors: Lackland DT, Sims-Robinson C, Jones Buie JN, Voeks JH Abstract The randomized clinical trial (RCT) has long been recognized as the 'gold standard' for developing evidence for clinical treatments and vaccines; however, the successful implementation and translation of these findings is predicated upon external validity. The generalization of RCT findings are jeopardized by the lack of participation of at-risk groups such as African Americans, with long-recognized disproportional representation. Distinct factors that deter participation in RCTs include distrust, access, recruitment strategies, perceptions of ...
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - August 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Applying Community-Partnered Participatory Research Approaches to Develop COVID-19 Solutions.
Authors: Wells KB, Jones F, Norris KC PMID: 32742147 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - August 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Contact Tracing: A Clarion Call for National Training Standards.
Authors: Beech BM, Woodard L Abstract As of late May 2020, more than 1.5 million people had tested positive for coronavirus infection in the United States; however, only 3% of Americans had been tested. However, testing is only one of the key elements in the effort to control communicable diseases. There is a need to investigate others who may have been exposed to the virus; this can be accomplished through a foundational public health strategy - contact tracing. Most public health students and professionals have been introduced to the concept of contact tracing; however, competency in this area is undetermined. Th...
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - August 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Adiposity and Leukocyte Telomere Length in US Adults by Sex-Specific Race/Ethnicity: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.
Conclusions: LTL is associated with an obesity phenotype in AA women. Tailored intervention is needed to ameliorate the burden of excess adiposity and subsequent cellular aging. PMID: 32742149 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - August 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Does Home Remedy Use Contribute to Medication Nonadherence Among Blacks with Hypertension?
Conclusion: The use of HR and the number of HRs used may be associated with medication nonadherence, and higher systolic and diastolic blood pressure among Blacks with hypertension. Medication nonadherence is of critical importance for individuals with hypertension, and it is essential that health care providers be aware of health behaviors that may serve as barriers to medication adherence, such as use of home remedies. PMID: 32742150 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - August 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Sociocultural Factors Associated with Awareness of Palliative Care and Advanced Care Planning among Asian Populations.
Conclusion: The low levels of palliative care and advanced care planning awareness and knowledge in the diverse Asian groups living in the United States raise concerns and shed light on the critical need for culturally appropriate education programs. PMID: 32742151 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - August 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Racial/Ethnic Differences in Sleep Quality among Older Adults: Kaiser Healthy Aging and Diverse Life Experiences (KHANDLE) Study.
Conclusions: In this cohort, racial/ethnic differences in sleep quality were common. PMID: 32742152 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - August 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Sociodemographic Disparities in the Tobacco Retail Environment in Washington, DC: A Spatial Perspective.
Conclusions: Associations between neighborhood sociodemographics and retail density were significant, although findings regarding African Americans are inconsistent with previous findings. Future studies should analyze other geographic areas, and account for spatial autocorrelation within their analytic framework. PMID: 32742153 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - August 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Conceptualizing Ethnicity: How Dimensions of Ethnicity Affect Disparities in Health Outcomes Among Latinxs in the United States.
Conclusion: Multidimensional measures of ethnicity that distinguish between characteristics associated with ethnicity (attributional) or race (relational) offer a nuanced explanation of health disparities by revealing aspects of ethnicity that shape health outcomes differently, contributing to the goals of health equity. PMID: 32742154 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - August 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Cross-Sectional Study of Homeless High Service Utilizers in Los Angeles County Jails: Race, Marginalization and Opportunities for Diversion.
Conclusion: These data highlight the compounding effects of homelessness, race, and mental illness on carceral and social vulnerability. Findings suggest homeless high utilizers in jail with mental illness are likely to benefit from court-based diversion efforts aimed at housing and treatment. PMID: 32742155 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - August 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Gentrification: A Priority for Environmental Justice and Health Equity Research.
Authors: Smith GS, Thorpe RJ Abstract Although gentrification is occurring at increasing rates across the United States, our understanding of what this means for public health is limited. While positive changes, such as increases in property values and reduced crime rates occur, negative consequences, such as residential displacement, also ensue. Individuals living through gentrification experience major changes in social and environmental conditions often in short periods of time, which can result in disrupted social networks and stress, both associated with decrements in health. As neighborhoods across the United...
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - August 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Addressing Asian American Misrepresentation and Underrepresentation in Research.
Authors: Shah NS, Kandula NR Abstract Asian Americans are the fastest growing racial/ethnic minority group in the United States and have unique, heterogenous health status and outcomes across a range of conditions between disaggregated Asian subgroups. Despite the rapid growth of this group, clinical and epidemiologic research lags considerably in adequately and appropriately representing Asian Americans. Too often, Asian American participants and populations are inappropriately aggregated into a single race category in research, masking important differences between ethnic subgroups. In this commentary, actionable...
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - August 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

The Paradigm Shift-The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Black Women and Families: Speaking Truth to Power.
Authors: Wyatt GE, Davis C PMID: 32346268 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - May 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Valuing the Vulnerable - The Important Role of Transgender Communities in Biomedical Research.
Authors: Cargill VA Abstract Every cell has a genetic sex that is determined at the time of fertilization. However, the natal sex of cells may not match the hormonal environment in which they reside in transgender individuals. This discordance provides a unique opportunity to study the short- and long-term effects across a range of cellular functions, health conditions, physiologic processes and psychosocial outcomes to the benefit of transgender and cisgender communities. While there is a growing body of knowledge as the literature on sex differences in virtually every organ system accumulates, there remains a pau...
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - May 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

HIV Testing Behaviors among Black Rural Women: The Moderating Role of Conspiracy Beliefs and Partner Status Disclosure.
Conclusion: Findings suggest that interventions may benefit from accounting for conspiracy beliefs and the dyadic status disclosure when encouraging young rural women to test for HIV. PMID: 32346270 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - May 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Barriers to Testing for Sexually Transmitted Infections among HIV-Serodiscordant Couples: The Influence of Discrimination.
Conclusions: It is often women who are the gatekeepers for health seeking in families and the same may be for these couples. Experiences of discrimination may impede STI testing, and heighten several health risks, particularly among HIV-positive African American women in HIV-serodiscordant relationships. Addressing the impact of discrimination experiences may be important for STI prevention and treatment efforts in interventions promoting health care utilization. PMID: 32346271 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - May 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

"It Had a Lot of Cultural Stuff in It": HIV-Serodiscordant African American Couples' Experiences of a Culturally Congruent Sexual Health Intervention.
Conclusions: Couples at risk for HIV transmission benefit from strengthening skills and knowledge related to healthy sexuality. A behavioral intervention that aligns with cultural values and imparts culturally congruent sexual health information appeals to couples who seek ways to enhance their intimacy and sexual options while also reducing risk. PMID: 32346272 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - May 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Utilizing a Life Course Approach to Examine HIV Risk for Black Adolescent Girls and Young Adult Women in the United States: A Systematic Review of Recent Literature.
Conclusions: Our findings highlighted several gaps in the literature, including failure to recognize the ethnic and cultural differences among Black women that may contribute to behavioral differences within this population and insufficient acknowledgment of the role of HIV protective factors (eg, resilience and community assets). Implications and future directions are discussed. PMID: 32346273 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - May 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

HIV Prevention Programming for Older African American Women: The Impact of a Faith-Based and Behavioral Science Partnership on Depressive Symptoms.
Conclusions: This study demonstrates the utility of faith-based/behavioral-scientist partnerships in HIV programming. Findings contribute to the evidence on interventions that might reduce depressive symptoms and HIV risk among older African American women. PMID: 32346274 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - May 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Writing Accountability Groups Are a Tool for Academic Success: The Obesity Health Disparities PRIDE Program.
Conclusion: By providing a structured approach to developing and/or enhancing a practice of consistent writing, time management skills, and collaborative relationships, the WAG has promise for enhancing scientific writing skills for many trainees and early-career faculty. Longer term follow-up is needed to more fully assess the potential impact of WAGs. PMID: 32346275 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - May 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Mentoring Programs by and for a New Generation of Latino Investigators in Behavioral-Social Science HIV Research.
Authors: Stoff DM, Zea MC, Rodriguez-Diaz CE Abstract Latinos represent a critical resource of talent that could be cultivated to expand the HIV research workforce. However, their rapid growth, as the largest and fastest growing ethnic minority group in the US population, has yet to translate into a significant increase in Latino health academic researchers. Historically, strategies to build a diverse research workforce have grouped together individuals from underrepresented minority populations obscuring significance between and within group differences. This limits approaches that are responsive to the diversity ...
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - May 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

An Examination of Factors Deterring the Pursuit of Advanced Degrees Among Alumni of a Minority Research and Training Program.
Authors: Schneider Burton G, Vicente MDGH Abstract Minority research and training (MRT) programs utilize interventions aimed at increasing student persistence toward the completion of undergraduate degrees and continuation into doctoral degrees. Numerous studies identify these support interventions as essential components for positive outcomes among underrepresented students, including research experiences, social integration, mentorship, and financial support. Many of these previous studies utilize quantitative design involving current program participants or program alumni who continued into graduate programs. Th...
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - May 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Peer Mentor Development Program: Lessons Learned in Mentoring Racial/Ethnic Minority Faculty.
Conclusions: The PMDP may be a model for higher education and academic medicine programs committed to mentoring and retaining racially/ethnically diverse faculty and ultimately contributing to reducing entrenched health disparities between majority and minority populations. PMID: 32346278 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - May 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

A Structural Model of Social Determinants of the Metabolic Syndrome.
Conclusions: Neither race nor self-reported racial discrimination had direct effects on MetS level in our structural model. The large effects of socioeconomic position and male gender were not mediated by the other variables in the model. PMID: 32346279 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - May 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Racial Disparities in Stroke Recovery Persistence in the Post-Acute Stroke Recovery Phase: Evidence from the Health and Retirement Study.
We examined Health and Retirement Study (HRS) longitudinal interview data collected from adults living with stroke who were aged>50 years during 2000-2014. Analysis of 1,002 first-time, non-Hispanic, Black (210) or White (792) stroke survivors with data on activities of daily living (ADL), fine motor skills (FMS) and gross motor skills (GMS) was conducted. Ordinal regression analysis was used to assess the impact of sex, race, household residents, household income, comorbidities, and the time since having a stroke on functional outcomes. Results: Black stroke survivors were younger compared with Whites (69 ± ...
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - May 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Do the Same Central Anthropometric Variables that Best Predict Blood Pressure in European Americans also Best Predict Blood Pressure in African Americans?
Authors: Brandon LJ, Proctor LD Abstract Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine if central anthropometric variables that best estimate blood pressure risks in European Americans also best estimate blood pressure risks in African Americans. Design: The participants were 357 normotensive African and European American volunteers with a mean age of 32.6 ± 12.4 years. Participants were evaluated for central adiposity with dual energy X-ray absorptiometry, abdomen and thigh skinfolds, waist and hip circumferences, waist/hip ratio, waist/height ratio, body mass index, and systolic and diastolic b...
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - May 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Testicular Cancer Incidence and Mortality in New Mexico.
Authors: Taylor ZD, McLeod E, Gard CC, Woods ME Abstract Objective: To examine incidence and survival of testicular cancer in New Mexico, overall and separately for border and non-border counties. Methods: Incidence and 5-year survival rates for testicular cancer were obtained from the SEER18 database using the SEER*Stat program following established NCI protocols. Incidence data were compared using Student's t-test. Age-adjusted 5-year survival and Kaplan-Meier method were used to estimate survival. Log-rank tests were used to compare survival for New Mexico to the remaining17 geographical areas of the SEER 18...
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - May 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Black Resilience - Broadening the Narrative and the Science on Cardiovascular Health and Disease Disparities.
Authors: Taylor HA, Washington-Plaskett T, Quyyumi AA Abstract The health of African Americans has been largely described in terms of deficits, disease and death. Little attention has been historically given to the fact that African Americans as a population show the sustained ability to survive an evolving array of social, economic and environmental adversities that date back to more than a century before the founding of the United States. While these inequities have indeed taken (and continue to take) a devastating toll, there is also wide heterogeneity in outcomes, suggesting the existence of substantial individ...
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - May 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Precision Medicine Approaches to Health Disparities Research.
Authors: Griffith DM PMID: 32269453 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - April 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

NIMHD Transdisciplinary Collaborative Centers for Health Disparities Research Focused on Precision Medicine.
Authors: Rajapakse N, Sayre MH, Pérez-Stable EJ Abstract The NIMHD Transdisciplinary Collaborative Centers for Health Disparities Research Focused on Precision Medicine (PM TCCs) comprise regional coalitions of research institutions and consortium partners focused on priority research topics in minority health and health disparities. In April 2016, NIMHD, in partnership with the National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) and the National Cancer Institute (NCI), launched the PM TCC program to fund five centers across the United States to stimulate health disparities research with an emphasis on precisio...
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - April 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Perspectives on Precision Health Among Racial/Ethnic Minority Communities and the Physicians That Serve Them.
Conclusions: Engagement of racial/ethnic minority communities and the providers who serve them is important for advancing a precision health approach to addressing health disparities. PMID: 32269455 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - April 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Can Precision Medicine Actually Help People Like Me? African American and Hispanic Perspectives on the Benefits and Barriers of Precision Medicine.
Conclusions: While these groups believed precision medicine might yield benefits for health outcomes, they are also skeptical about whether African Americans and Hispanics would actually benefit from precision medicine given current structural limitations and disparities in health care access and quality. PMID: 32269456 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - April 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Why African Americans say "No": A Study of Pharmacogenomic Research Participation.
Why African Americans say "No": A Study of Pharmacogenomic Research Participation. Ethn Dis. 2020;30(Suppl 1):159-166 Authors: Nooruddin M, Scherr C, Friedman P, Subrahmanyam R, Banagan J, Moreno D, Sathyanarayanan M, Nutescu E, Jeyaram T, Harris M, Zhang H, Rodriguez A, Shaazuddin M, Perera M, Tuck M, ACCOuNT Investigators Abstract Objective: To identify reasons for nonparticipation by African Americans in cardiovascular pharmacogenomic research. Design: Prospective, open-ended, qualitative survey. Setting: Research staff approached patients eligible for the Discovery Project of The ...
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - April 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Participatory Genomic Testing Can Effectively Disseminate Cardiovascular Pharmacogenomics Concepts within Federally Qualified Health Centers: A Feasibility Study.
Conclusions: We have determined that a pharmacogenomics educational program tailored for an underrepresented community is feasible and acceptable. Outcomes will advise methodology for larger implementation studies. PMID: 32269458 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - April 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Resiliency and Allostatic Load among Veterans at Risk for Adverse Prostate Cancer Outcomes.
Conclusion: It may be important to target resiliency training programs to Veterans based on their social determinants and to examine the effects of these programs on allostatic load. PMID: 32269459 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - April 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Co-morbidities in a Retrospective Cohort of Prostate Cancer Patients.
Conclusion: Better chronic disease management is needed among prostate cancer survivors through more effective survivorship care planning and interventions that promote health behaviors. PMID: 32269460 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - April 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Toward Reducing Health Information Inequities in the Caribbean: Our Experience Building a Participatory Health Informatics Project.
We describe a participatory informatics approach to sharing data as a potential mechanism to reducing inequities in the existing data infrastructure. PMID: 32269461 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - April 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Developing a "Tailor-Made" Precision Lifestyle Medicine Intervention for Weight Control among Middle-aged Latino Men.
Conclusions: We found key candidate mechanisms that may be novel yet critical foundations on which to build a precision lifestyle medicine intervention for Latino men. We identified actionable psychosocial factors that map onto motivational constructs that can shape behaviors that are essential for weight control and be a useful foundation for improving the health of middle-aged Latino men. PMID: 32269462 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - April 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

A Protocol for the Study of Polymorphisms and Response to Metformin in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes in Trinidad.
This study aims to determine the allele and genotype frequencies of three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs; ATM rs11212617, SLC22A1 rs594709 and SLC47A1 rs2289669) most commonly associated with failure to respond to metformin. Setting: Ten primary health care facilities in the North Central Regional Health Authority region of Trinidad. Patients: The study population will include 216 patients with diabetes adherent to metformin monotherapy for at least three months. Methods: Following a 12-hour overnight fast, blood samples will be taken to measure fasting insulin and HbA1c. DNA would be isolated and PCR wi...
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - April 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Machine Learning Methods for Precision Medicine Research Designed to Reduce Health Disparities: A Structured Tutorial.
Authors: Basu S, Faghmous JH, Doupe P Abstract Precision medicine research designed to reduce health disparities often involves studying multi-level datasets to understand how diseases manifest disproportionately in one group over another, and how scarce health care resources can be directed precisely to those most at risk for disease. In this article, we provide a structured tutorial for medical and public health researchers on the application of machine learning methods to conduct precision medicine research designed to reduce health disparities. We review key terms and concepts for understanding machine learning...
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - April 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Exploring Biologic Predictors Response Disparities to Atypical Antipsychotics among Blacks: A Quasi-Systematic Review.
Conclusions: The current analysis can help tailor management among Blacks using an atypical antipsychotic. Heterogeneity in genetic variation effects and response allele frequency suggests that pharmacogenetics approaches for atypical antipsychotics will need to explicitly incorporate race and ethnicity. PMID: 32269465 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - April 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Training the Next Generation of Health Equity Researchers: Exploring STEM Pathways and Best Practices.
Authors: Jones HP PMID: 31969777 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ethnicity and Disease)
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - January 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research