Prenatal PM2.5 Exposure and the Risk of Adverse Births Outcomes: Results from Project ELEFANT.
CONCLUSIONS: Exposure to high levels of PM2.5 from the second trimester onwards were most strongly associated with increased risk of pre-term birth and low birthweight, with a dose-response relationship. Our data demonstrates the need to account for both level and timing of exposure in analysis of PM2.5-associated birth outcomes. PMID: 32961173 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - September 19, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Fang J, Kang CM, Osorio-Yáñez C, Barrow TM, Zhang R, Zhang Y, Li C, Liu H, Li PH, Guo L, Byun HM Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Service-oriented Interface Design for Open Distributed Environmental Simulations.
This study evaluated the case of PM2.5 concentration distribution simulation by meteorological data, land cover data and a random forest model in 2014. Using the designed interface, this study conducted the simulation and explored the influence of different interpolation methods (inverse distance weighting (IDW) and kriging) for meteorological data in the random forest-based PM2.5 concentration simulation. For this case, the results show that kriging is a more suitable interpolation method than IDW for meteorological data in the simulation, and this interface design can organize simulation resources, configure tasks, and b...
Source: Environmental Research - September 18, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Zhang F, Chen M, Yue S, Wen Y, Lü G, Li F Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Settling and Rising Velocities of Environmentally Weathered Micro- and Macroplastic Particles.
rumpf H Abstract Microplastic is exposed to numerous weathering processes in the environment, which change particle properties and thus influence transport behaviors, including settling and rising velocities in aquatic environments. However, the extent to which particles in the environment differ from virgin particles in their transport behaviors has not yet been investigated. The settling and rising velocities of weathered fluvial microplastic and macroplastic particles collected from environmental samples are determined in this study and the transferability of theoretical approaches to predicting their transport...
Source: Environmental Research - September 18, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Waldschläger K, Born M, Cowger W, Gray A, Schüttrumpf H Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Assessing personal exposure using Agent Based Modelling informed by sensors technology.
This study provides details of a new methodology that permits the cost-effective construction of refined time-activity diaries and daily exposure profiles, taking into account different microenvironments and sociodemographic characteristics. The proposed method leads to a refined exposure assessment model, addressing effectively vulnerable subgroups of population. It can be used for evaluating the probable impacts of different public health policies prior to implementation reducing, therefore, the time and expense required to identify efficient measures. PMID: 32956655 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - September 18, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Chapizanis D, Karakitsios S, Gotti A, Sarigiannis DA Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Mercury exposure in relation to sleep duration, timing, and fragmentation among adolescents in Mexico City.
CONCLUSIONS: There were mostly null associations between Hg exposure and sleep characteristics among Mexican children. Yet, in both boys and girls, higher Hg exposure in mid-childhood (measured in urine and blood, respectively) was related to later sleep timing in adolescence. PMID: 32956656 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - September 18, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Jansen EC, Hector EC, Goodrich JM, Cantoral A, Téllez Rojo MM, Basu N, Song PXK, Olascoaga LT, Peterson KE Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Impacts of urbanization on the temperature-cardiovascular mortality relationship in Beijing, China.
Abstract The effect of temperature on cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality has been extensively studied. However, it remains largely unknown over whether there is any difference between urban and suburban areas within the same city and how urbanization modifies the relationship between temperature and CVD mortality. In order to examine whether the association between temperature and CVD mortality existed difference in urban and suburban areas, and how urbanization modified this association, we used a distributed lag nonlinear model and a generalized additive model to investigate temperature-related CVD mortality...
Source: Environmental Research - September 18, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Xing Q, Sun Z, Tao Y, Zhang X, Miao S, Canjun Zheng, Tong S Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Simulation-based interval chance-constrained quadratic programming model for water quality management: A case study of the central Grand River in Ontario, Canada.
Abstract Effective river water quality management and planning is a complex issue challenged by various complexities and uncertainties. A simulation-based interval chance-constrained quadratic programming (ICCQP) model is developed for the seasonal planning of water quality management (WQM) under various uncertainties. The proposed model incorporates interval quadratic programming, chance-constrained programming, and a seasonal water quality simulation model within a general framework for WQM. Uncertainties associated with the objective and the coefficients in the left-hand side of the constraints are tackled as i...
Source: Environmental Research - September 18, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Zhang Q, Li Z, Huang W Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Association between household fuel use and sleep quality in the oldest-old: Evidence from a propensity-score matched case-control study in Hainan, China.
CONCLUSIONS: Exposure to HAP from solid fuel combustion increases the risk of poor sleep quality at oldest-old ages. Our findings point to the need of reducing HAP from polluted fuel combustion and implementing cooking ventilation as a public health priority for healthy aging initiatives. PMID: 32950513 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - September 17, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Chen C, Liu GG, Sun Y, Gu D, Zhang H, Yang H, Lu L, Zhao Y, Yao Y Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Local Atmospheric Factors that enhance Air-borne Dispersion of Coronavirus - High-fidelity Numerical Simulation of COVID19 case study in Real-Time.
Abstract The spatial patterns of the spreading of the COVID19 indicate the possibility of airborne transmission of the coronavirus. As the cough-jet of an infected person is ejected as a plume of infected viral aerosols into the atmosphere, the conditions in the local atmospheric boundary layer together dictate the fate of the infected plume. For the first time - a high-fidelity numerical simulation study - using Weather-Research-Forecast model coupled with the Lagrangian Hybrid Single-Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory model (WRF-HYSPLIT) model has been conducted to track the infected aerosol plume in real...
Source: Environmental Research - September 17, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Bhaganagar K, Bhimireddy S Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Assessment of Agricultural Waste-Derived Activated Carbon in Multiple Applications.
Abstract To minimize waste production and reduce reliance on fossil fuels, agricultural waste such as rice straw has been actively used in biochemical production. In Taiwan, cellulosic waste has been used in anaerobic digestion for bioethanol production. This process produces a large amount of biomass-associated sludge that may become a serious environmental issue. Therefore, in this study, the anaerobic digestion sludge was recycled for the production of activated carbon via pyrolysis and activation by KOH. Surface characterization showed increased surface area and development of microporous structure upon activa...
Source: Environmental Research - September 17, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Wu HY, Chen SS, Liao WS, Wang W, Jang MF, Chen WH, Ahamad T, Alshehri SM, Hou CH, Lin KS, Charinpanitkul T, Wu KC Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Interaction mechanism between multi-layered MoS2 and H2O2 for self-generation of reactive oxygen species.
Abstract Elucidating the generation mechanism of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is essential for advanced oxidation processes with respect to environmental and biological sciences. Herein, self-generation of ROS such as hydroxyl radicals (·OH), superoxide radicals (O2•-) and singlet oxygen (1O2) from the interaction between multi-layered flowerlike MoS2 nanosheets and H2O2 is presented. The results demonstrate that H2O2 can exfoliate multi-layered MoS2 into quantum dots and promote a 2H to 1T phase change accompanied by the dissolution of MoS2 to produce H+, MoO42- and SO42-. Electron spin resonance (ES...
Source: Environmental Research - September 17, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Li Q, Hu B, Yang Q, Cai X, Nie M, Jin Y, Zhou L, Xu Y, Pan Q, Fang L Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Insight into the influence of humic acid and sodium alginate fractions on membrane fouling in coagulation-ultrafiltration combined system.
In this study, the influence of humic acid (HA)/sodium alginate (SA) fractions in the structure and resistance of cake layer on the membrane surface was investigated. The presence of SA at an appropriate fraction could facilitate the formation of large and loosely branched flocs and thereby form a more permeable cake layer on the membrane surface due to good bridging and charge neutralization abilities of SA molecules. The particle image velocimetry (PIV) technique was employed for monitoring the dynamic formation process of cake layer under different HA/SA fractions. The cake layer with a higher thickness was observed to ...
Source: Environmental Research - September 17, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Zhao C, Song T, Yu Y, Qu L, Cheng J, Zhu W, Wang Q, Li P, Tang W Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Multi-omics analysis reveals that co-exposure to phthalates and metals disturbs urea cycle and choline metabolism.
In conclusion, this study provides the mechanistic evidence that co-exposure to phthalates and metals disturb biochemical processes related to mitochondrial respiration during critical developmental stages, which are clinically linked to neurodevelopmental perturbations. PMID: 32949613 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - September 16, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Papaioannou N, Distel E, de Oliveira E, Gabriel C, Frydas IS, Anesti O, Attignon EA, Odena A, Díaz R, Aggerbeck Μ, Horvat M, Barouki R, Karakitsios S, Sarigiannis DA Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Numerical analysis on the hygrothermal behavior of building envelope according to CLT wall assembly considering the hygrothermal-environmental zone in Korea.
In this study, the hygrothermal environmental zone considering not only the thermal environment but also the hygric environment was derived by analyzing the climate environment in Korea. The hygrothermal environmental zone has the advantage of being able to take into account the hygrothermal environment of the unexplored regions and to cope with climate change by quantifying the thermal and hygric environmental indexes in each region. Finally, the long-term moisture risk of the building envelopes was evaluated. As the results, it is considered that the proposed hygrothermal environmental zone is appropriate and it is neces...
Source: Environmental Research - September 16, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Chang SJ, Yoo J, Wi S, Kim S Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Analysis of PON1 gene polymorphisms (rs662 and rs854560) and inflammatory markers in organophosphate pesticides exposed cohorts from two distinct populations.
CONCLUSIONS: PON1 is noticeably less in Cameroonian than Pakistani, albeit both groups have significant decrease in PON1 actity. In addition, the study concludes that OPs induce low grade inflammation, an aetiology of many diseases. SelectedPON1 SNPs analysis showed a significant toxicogenetics association with OPs exposure marker enzymes. The results of this study may help in regulation of usage of OPs anticholinesterases in different populations. The study will further open new avenues in toxicogenetic and exploration of SNPs based strategies on organophosphate intoxication. PMID: 32949615 [PubMed - as supplied by p...
Source: Environmental Research - September 16, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Leonel Javeres MN, Habib R, Judith N, Iqbal M, Nepovimova E, Kuca K, Batool S, Nurulain SM Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Features of the chemical structure of different organic matter pools in Haplic Chernozem of the Streletskaya steppe: 13C MAS NMR study.
Abstract The aim of the current research was to study structural features of four organic matter (OM) pools isolated by the modified method of granulo-densimetric fractionation from two Сhernozems. We purposed to relate these features to the OM allocation and the transformation processes. The pools included: 1) free light fraction located in an inter-aggregate space, 2) light fraction occluded inside the microaggregates, 3) OM bound with clay particles, and 4) OM bound with a residual heavy fraction left after light fractions and clay separation. Soils of contrasting land uses: steppe and long-term permanent bare...
Source: Environmental Research - September 16, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Danchenko NN, Artemyeva ZS, Kolyagin YG, Kogut BM Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Associations between socioeconomic status and ultrafine particulate exposure in the school commute: An environmental inequality study for Toronto, Canada.
We examined UFP dosage disparities experienced by children during routine school commutes. We estimated single trip dosages that accounted for variation in ambient UFP concentration, route morphology (distance, slope) and their effect on inhalation rate and trip duration. We aggregated these values at the dissemination-area level and collected socioeconomic status descriptors from the 2016 census. Our OLS model showed significant spatial autocorrelation (MI = 0.59, p
Source: Environmental Research - September 16, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Elford S, Adams MD Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Occurrence, distribution and human exposure of phthalic esters in road dust samples across China.
Abstract 203 road dust samples were conducted across China covering 28 provinces from January to February,2016 to comprehensively investigates the occurrence, distribution and human exposure of 21 phthalic esters (PAEs). The concentration of Σ21PAEs in road dust ranged from 2.3 to 531 mg/kg, with a mean concentration of 64.1 ± 57.2 mg/kg. DEHP, DnBP and DiBP were the dominant components accounting for 63.3 - 97.9% (mean: 92.1%) of the Σ21PAEs. Significant Pearson correlation (r=0.51, p
Source: Environmental Research - September 15, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Li B, Zhao ZB, Thapa S, Sun SJ, Ma LX, Geng JL, Wang K, Qi H Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Short-term effects of air pollution on cause-specific mental disorders in three subtropical Chinese cities.
CONCLUSION: Acute exposure to air pollution, especially NO2, might be an important trigger of mental disorders. PMID: 32946889 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - September 15, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Li H, Zhang S, Qian ZM, Xie XH, Luo Y, Han R, Hou J, Wang C, McMillin SE, Wu S, Tian F, Deng WF, Lin H Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Graphite-bridged indirect Z-scheme system TiO2-C-BiVO4film with enhanced photoelectrocatalytic activity towards serial bisphenols.
Abstract Due to the increase in the occurrence of bisphenols (BPs) in the environments, it is urgent to develop efficient and ecofriendly methods for their removal. A novel, indirect Z-scheme TiO2-C-BiVO4 film was prepared by a sol-gel method combined with hydrothermal carbonization. The doped graphite carbon was generated in situ from glucose, which acted as an electron-transfer bridge for the Z-scheme system to enhance the heterojunction tightness between TiO2 and BiVO4. This resulted in an increasing separation efficiency of photogenerated electrons and holes and a stronger redox ability of the TiO2-C-BiVO4 fil...
Source: Environmental Research - September 15, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Wang Y, Guan J, Li L, Wang Z, Yuan X, Yan Y, Li X, Lu N Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Temporal variability measurements of PM2.5 and its associated metals and microorganisms on a suburban atmosphere in the Central Iberian Peninsula.
-Doimeadios RDCR, Fariñas NR Abstract A novel and multidisciplinary observational analysis of atmospheric components in the Central Iberian Peninsula is presented here. PM2.5 concentrations and both populations of cultivable and non-cultivable microorganisms and concentrations of a wide range of trace elements associated have been simultaneously studied during multiple events along one year. The aim has been to characterize their potential relations and dependencies, and their seasonal, daily and hourly evolution. Tools that could explain the atmospheric mechanisms and sources from all these elements have b...
Source: Environmental Research - September 15, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Rodríguez A, Seseña S, Sánchez E, Rodríguez M, Palop ML, Martín-Doimeadios RDCR, Fariñas NR Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Bisphenol A and benzophenone-3 exposure alters milk protein expression and its transcriptional regulation during functional differentiation of the mammary gland in vitro.
ass L Abstract The plastic monomer and plasticizer bisphenol A (BPA), and the UV-filter benzophenone-3 (BP3) have been shown to have estrogenic activities that could alter mammary gland development. Our aim was to analyze whether BPA or BP3 direct exposure affects the functional differentiation of the mammary gland using an in vitro model. Mammary organoids were obtained and isolated from 8 week-old virgin female C57BL/6 mice and were differentiated on Matrigel with medium containing lactogenic hormones and exposed to: a) vehicle (0.01% ethanol); b) 1x10-9M or 1x10-6M BPA; or c) 1x10-12M, 1x10-9M or 1x10-6M BP3 fo...
Source: Environmental Research - September 15, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Altamirano GA, Gomez AL, Schierano-Marotti G, Muñoz-de-Toro M, Rodriguez HA, Kass L Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

How socio-economic and atmospheric variables impact COVID-19 and Influenza outbreaks in tropical and subtropical regions of Brazil.
ns JA Abstract COVID-19 has been disturbing human society with an intensity never seen since the Influenza epidemic (Spanish flu). COVID-19 and Influenza are both respiratory viruses and, in this study, we explore the relations of COVID-19 and Influenza with atmospheric variables and socio-economic conditions for tropical and subtropical climates in Brazil. Atmospheric variables, mobility, socio-economic conditions and population information were analyzed using a generalized additive model for daily COVID-19 cases from March 1st to May 15th, 2020, and for daily Influenza hospitalizations (2017-2019) in Brazilian s...
Source: Environmental Research - September 15, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Martins LD, da Silva I, Batista WV, de Fátima Andrade M, Dias de Freitas E, Martins JA Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Antioxidant response in arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi inoculated wetland plant under Cr stress.
This study investigated the effects of AMF on wetland plant (Iris wilsonii) growth and antioxidant response under Cr stress at different water depths. Results showed that AMF inoculated I. wilsonii had higher antioxidant response than non-inoculated controls, with shoot superoxide dismutase (SOD), root SOD, shoot peroxidase (POD), and root POD contents increased by 4.7-39.6%, 7.5-29.5%, 11.2-68.6%, 16.8-50.3%, respectively. Meanwhile, shoot (root) proline, malondialdehyde (MDA) and superoxide anion (O2.-) contents in the AMF inoculated I. wilsonii were 10.2-44.3% (2.8-37.2%), 11.5-35.4% (16.9-28.2), and 14.9-30.5% (-0.9-26...
Source: Environmental Research - September 15, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Hu S, Hu B, Chen Z, Vosátka M, Vymazal J Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Vehicular traffic density and cognitive performance in the ELSA-Brasil study.
CONCLUSION: Air pollutants were not associated with worse cognitive performance in a large sample of middle-aged and older adults. PMID: 32941838 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - September 14, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Rocha D, Suemoto CK, de Souza Santos I, Lotufo PA, Benseñor I, Gouveia N Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Exposure to environmental neurotoxic substances and neurodevelopment in children from Latin America and the Caribbean.
ea JG Abstract Environmental (and occupational) exposure to neurotoxic substances is a worldwide problem that can affect children's neurodevelopment (ND). In Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) countries there are over 300 million children living under the threat of neurodevelopmental delays due to toxic environmental exposure. Large industrial centers, intense mining and agricultural activities, along with changing complex ecosystems constitute a mosaic that drives contamination of air, water and the food chain. Neurotoxic contaminants such as pesticides (organochlorines, organophosphates, carbamates, pyrethroids,...
Source: Environmental Research - September 14, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Dórea JG Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Calculation of evapotranspiration in different climatic zones combining the long-term monitoring data with bootstrap method.
This study develops a new method to estimate evapotranspiration at regional scales using long-term monitoring data and the bootstrap resampling approach to calculate the ET unit area per year for China. This study applies the deviance information criterion as a goodness-of-fit index to select the most optimal formula for estimating regional ET for different climatic zones in China. The bootstrap resampling method was used to estimate parameter distribution in different climatic zones based on the outcome of 2000 trials. The results show that the predicted ET of adjacent climates overlaps with each other. The subtropical mo...
Source: Environmental Research - September 14, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Zhang H, Hu Y, Cai J, Li X, Tian B, Zhang Q, An W Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

The associations of zinc and GRIN2B genetic polymorphisms with the risk of dyslexia.
CONCLUSIONS: The associations between zinc levels and dyslexia risk were modified by polymorphism of rs1805502 in gene GRIN2B. PMID: 32937172 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - September 13, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Liu Q, Zhu B, Xue Q, Xie X, Zhou Y, Zhu K, Wan Z, Wu H, Zhang J, Song R Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Assessment of the effects of atmospheric pollutants using the animal model Caenorhabditis elegans.
In conclusion, our study showed that C. elegans is a valuable tool to investigate in vivo possible effects of atmospheric dusts. PMID: 32937173 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - September 13, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Ficociello G, Inverni A, Massimi L, Buccini G, Canepari S, Uccelletti D Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Ambient Air Pollution and Risk of Pregnancy Loss among Women Undergoing Assisted Reproduction.
Study Team Abstract Accumulating evidence suggests that air pollution increases pregnancy loss; however, most previous studies have focused on case identification from medical records, which may underrepresent early pregnancy losses. Our objective was to investigate the association between acute and chronic exposure to ambient air pollution and time to pregnancy loss among women undergoing assisted reproductive technologies (ART) who are closely followed throughout early pregnancy. We included 275 women (345 human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)-confirmed pregnancies) undergoing ART at a New England academic fertili...
Source: Environmental Research - September 13, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Gaskins AJ, Mínguez-Alarcón L, Williams PL, Chavarro JE, Schwartz JD, Kloog I, Souter I, Hauser R, Laden F, EARTH Study Team Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Biomarkers of Metabolic Disorders and Neurobehavioral Diseases in a PCB- Exposed Population: What We Learned and the Implications for Future Research.
Abstract Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are one of the original twelve classes of toxic chemicals covered by the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POP), an international environmental treaty signed in 2001. PCBs are present in the environment as mixtures of multiple isomers at different degree of chlorination. These compounds are manmade and possess useful industrial properties including extreme longevity under harsh conditions, heat absorbance, and the ability to form an oily liquid at room temperature that is useful for electrical utilities and in other industrial applications. They have b...
Source: Environmental Research - September 13, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Simhadri JJ, Loffredo CA, Trnovec T, Murinova LP, Nunlee-Bland G, Koppe JG, Schoeters G, Jana SS, Ghosh S Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Proteomics analysis of lung reveals inflammation and cell death induced by atmospheric H2S exposure in pig.
In this study, pig lung was selected as a H2S exposure model for the first time. We first examined the histological damage and the mRNA expression of pro-inflammatory genes of lung in pigs exposed to H2S. Histopathology change and increased mRNA level of pro-inflammatory cytokines demonstrated that H2S exposure indeed induced inflammatory injury in the porcine lung. We then performed TMT-based quantitative proteomics analysis to probe the injury molecular mechanism. The proteomics results showed that 526 proteins have significant changes in abundance between control and H2S treated swine. Further validation analysis of som...
Source: Environmental Research - September 13, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Liu Z, Fu Q, Tang S, Xie Y, Meng Q, Tang X, Zhang S, Zhang H, Schroyen M Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Assessment of high-solid mesophilic and thermophilic anaerobic digestion of mechanically-separated municipal solid waste.
ute;dová K Abstract Mechanically-sorted organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW) was tested to determine its biogas and biomethane generation efficiency. Methane production capability of OFMSW was examined in biochemical methane potential (BMP) tests. The factors affecting the high-solid anaerobic digestion (AD) of feedstock were investigated in a series of long-term semi-continuous digestion tests performed at dry mesophilic and thermophilic conditions in a continuously rotating drum reactor with working volume of 0.013 m3. OFMSW presented low biogas and methane generation capacity due to its cont...
Source: Environmental Research - September 12, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Basinas P, Rusín J, Chamrádová K Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Sandy beaches as hotspots of bisphenol A.
This study presents the global monitoring of BPA on oceanic sandy beaches. According to monitoring results, many beach sands contain a harmful concentrations of BPA. Likewise, styrene oligomers (SOs), anthropogenic chemicals derived from polystyrene plastics, show similar concentrations as BPA. This study shows a strong, positive correlation between BPA and SOs. The results indicate that probably BPA-containing materials including micro- and nano-plastics can be an important source of BPA to the sand beaches. Therefore, BPA presents potential health risks to people spending considerable time on the beach. PMID: 329317...
Source: Environmental Research - September 12, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Kwon BG, Chung SY, Saido K Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Bacteria-affinity aminated carbon nanotubes bridging reduced graphene oxide for highly efficient microbial electrocatalysis.
Abstract Bioelectrochemical systems (BESs) exhibit great potential for simultaneous wastewater treatment and energy recovery. However, the efficiency of microbial electrocatalysis is fundamentally limited by the high resistance and poor biocompatibility of electrode materials. Herein, we construct a novel "binder-free" 3D biocompatible bioelectrode consists of 1D aminated carbon nanotubes (CNTs-NH2) and 2D conductive reduced graphene oxide (rGO) nanosheets through one-step electrodeposition. As expected, the maximum current density reached to 3.25 ± 0.03 mA cm-2 with the rGO@CNTs-NH2 electrode, wh...
Source: Environmental Research - September 12, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Yi G, Cui D, Yang L, Fang D, Chang Z, Cheng H, Shao P, Luo X, Wang A Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

RF-EMF exposure effects on sleep - Age doesn't matter in men!
CONCLUSIONS: As effects of a short-term all-night RF-EMF exposure on sleep occurred only sporadically in young and elderly men, it seems that age doesn't matter in this respect. However, as long as there are no corresponding data from young healthy women that would allow a comparison with the data from elderly women, this assumption cannot be conclusively verified. Nevertheless, the present results are not indicative of any adverse health effects. PMID: 32931791 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - September 12, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Eggert T, Dorn H, Sauter C, Schmid G, Danker-Hopfe H Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Effects of long-term exposure to air pollutants on the spatial spread of COVID-19 in Catalonia, Spain.
CONCLUSION: Although it is possible that there are biological mechanisms that explain, at least partially, the association between long-term exposure to air pollutants and COVID-19, we hypothesize that the spatial spread of COVID-19 in Catalonia is attributed to the different ease with which some people, the hosts of the virus, have infected others. That facility depends on the heterogeneous distribution at a small area level of variables such as population density, poor housing and the mobility of its residents, for which exposure to pollutants has been a surrogate. PMID: 32931792 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] ...
Source: Environmental Research - September 12, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Saez M, Tobias A, Barceló MA Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Dynamics of microbial populations and diversity in NAPL contaminated peat soil under varying water table conditions.
This study investigates the impacts of hydrocarbons on peat microbial communities. Column experiments were conducted on non-aqueous phase liquid (NAPL) contaminated undisturbed peat core (0-35 cm) under static and fluctuating water table conditions. Water table fluctuations reduced residual NAPL saturation from 8.1-11.3% to 7.7-9.5%. Biodegradation of n-C8 and n-C12 along with oxidation of CH4 together produced high CO2 concentrations in the headspace. Clear patterns in dynamics in the microbial community structure were observed, with a more pronounced population growth. However, a significant loss of microbial richness wa...
Source: Environmental Research - September 11, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Gupta PK, Gharedaghloo B, Lynch M, Cheng J, Strack M, Charles TC, Price JS Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Associations between ambient air pollution and medical care visits for atopic dermatitis.
CONCLUSION: This study suggests relationships of ambient PM10, ozone, and sulfur dioxide levels with medical care visits for AD. PMID: 32926890 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - September 11, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Baek JO, Cho J, Roh JY Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Exploring bioactivity potential of polyphenolic water-soluble lignin derivative.
Abstract Many natural substances exhibit anti-inflammatory activity and considerable potential in prophylaxis and treatment of allergies. Knowing exact molecular targets, which is required for developing these as medicinal products, is often challenging for multicomponent compositions. In the present study we examined novel polyphenolic substance, a water-soluble fraction of wood lignin (laboratory code BP-Cx-1). In our previous study, a number of polyphenolic components of BP-Cx-1 (flavonoids, sapogenins, phenanthrenes etc.) were identified as the major carriers of biological activity of BP-Cx drug family, and se...
Source: Environmental Research - September 11, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Fedoros EI, Baldueva IA, Perminova IV, Badun GA, Chernysheva MG, Grozdova ID, Melik-Nubarov NS, Danilova AB, Nekhaeva TL, Kuznetsova AI, Emelyanova NV, Ryakhovskiy AA, Pigarev SE, Semenov AL, Tyndyk ML, Gubareva EA, Panchenko AV, Bykov VN, Anisimov VN Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Sn-MOF@CNT Nanocomposite: An Efficient Electrochemical Sensor for Detection of Hydrogen Peroxide.
This study has explored a new strategy for the deposition of CNT over Sn-MOF via a simple sonochemical methodology for successfully electrochemical detection of H2O2, an approach that can be imitated for other applications. PMID: 32926892 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - September 11, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Rani S, Sharma B, Malhotra R, Kumar S, Varma RS, Dilbaghi N Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Insights into palladium nanoparticles produced by Shewanella oneidensis MR-1: roles of NADH dehydrogenases and hydrogenases.
This study provides mechanistic insights into the production of biogenic metal nanoparticles towards their possible use in industrial and environmental applications. PMID: 32919957 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - September 10, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Yang ZN, Hou YN, Zhang B, Cheng HY, Yong YC, Liu WZ, Han JL, Liu SJ, Wang AJ Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Biomonitoring and temporal trends of bisphenols exposure in Japanese school children.
In this study, we aimed to 1) investigated the internal exposure to seven bisphenols in morning void urine samples (n = 396) from 7-year-old children from Hokkaido, Japan and 2) assess possible time trends in the concentrations of bisphenols between 2012 and 2017. Information on demographic, indoor environment and dietary characteristics of participants were acquired through a self-administered questionnaire. All bisphenols were detected in the study population, with BPA, BPF and BPS showing detection frequencies> 50%. Concentrations of bisphenols measured in the Japanese children in our study were generally lower compa...
Source: Environmental Research - September 10, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Gys C, Bamai YA, Araki A, Bastiaensen M, Caballero-Casero N, Kishi R, Covaci A Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Association between prenatal exposure to ambient particulate matter and risk of hypospadias in offspring: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
CONCLUSION: This study suggested a modest association between prenatal PM2.5 exposure during 1 month before pregnancy or within the first trimester and the risk of hypospadias in offspring. Further large-scale cohort studies are required to verify this association. PMID: 32919959 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - September 10, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Lin HC, Guo JM, Ge P, Ou P Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Static and dynamic studies of lanthanum(III) ion adsorption/desorption from acidic solutions using chelating ion exchangers with different functionalities.
Abstract Increasing the number of applications of rare earth elements (REEs) has led to increased release of these metals into the environment. Removal of REEs from e-wastes is very important considering the increasing demand for these elements, the limited resource availability of them as well as the significant environmental issues. In this present study, optimization of the La(III) ions sorption from acidic solutions on chelating ion exchangers containing different functional groups, i.e. Amberlite IRC748, Purolite S930, Lewatit® Monoplus TP208, Amberlite IRC747, Purolite S940, and Purolite S950, was carrie...
Source: Environmental Research - September 10, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Kołodyńska D, Fila D, Hubicki Z Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Pesticide use and incident Parkinson's disease in a cohort of farmers and their spouses.
CONCLUSIONS: We found evidence of increased PD risk for some pesticides. Our results also suggest higher susceptibility for pesticide-associated PD among individuals with head injury as well as protection with use of chemical resistant gloves, although further research is needed to understand the impact of head injury. Research on current and newer pesticides, including mechanisms relevant to PD, is important given widespread pesticide use. PMID: 32919961 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - September 10, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Shrestha S, Parks CG, Umbach DM, Richards-Barber M, Hofmann JN, Chen H, Blair A, Beane Freeman LE, Sandler DP Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Chemical speciation and distribution of potentially toxic elements in soilless cultivation of cucumber with sewage sludge biochar addition.
In this study, we investigated the chemical speciation and cucumber plant uptake of potentially toxic elements in soilless cultivation when the growth substrate was amended with sewage sludge biochar (0, 5, 10, 15, and 20 wt.%). It was found that the addition of 10 wt.% biochar was optimal with respect to obtaining a high cucumber biomass and achieving low environmental risk considering the occurrence of hormesis. When the substrate was amended with 10 wt.% biochar, cucumber fruit contained lower concentrations of As, Cr, and Zn and smaller bioavailable fractions of As, Cd, Cr, Ni, Cu, and Zn compared with the fruit of con...
Source: Environmental Research - September 10, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Xie S, Yu G, Ma J, Wang G, Wang Q, You F, Li J, Wang Y, Li C Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Asymmetric link between environmental pollution and COVID-19 in the top ten affected states of US: A novel estimations from quantile-on-quantile approach.
This study draws the link between COVID-19 and air pollution (ground ozone O3) from 29 February 2020 to 10 July 2020 in the top 10 affected States of the US. Utilizing quantile-on-quantile (QQ) estimation technique, we examine in what manner the quantiles of COVID-19 affect the quantiles of air pollution and vice versa. The primary findings confirm overall dependence between COVID-19 and air pollution. Empirical results exhibit a strong negative effect of COVID-19 on air pollution in New York, Texas, Illinois, Massachusetts, and Pennsylvania; especially at medium to higher quantiles, while New Jersey, Illinois, Arizona, an...
Source: Environmental Research - September 10, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Razzaq A, Sharif A, Aziz N, Irfan M, Jermsittiparsert K Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Ozone weekend effect in cities: Deep insights for urban air pollution control.
Abstract Studying weekend-weekday variation in ground-level ozone (O3) allows one to better understand O3 formation conditions, with a potential for developing effective strategies for O3 control. Reducing inappropriately the O3 precursors emissions can either produce no reduction or increase surface O3 concentrations. This paper analyzes the weekend-weekday differences of O3 at 300 rural and 808 urban background stations worldwide from 2005 to 2014, in order to investigate the O3 weekend effect over time and assess the effectiveness of the precursors emissions control policies for reducing O3 levels. Data were an...
Source: Environmental Research - September 10, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sicard P, Paoletti E, Agathokleous E, Araminienė V, Proietti C, Coulibaly F, De Marco A Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW OF RISK ASSESSMENT TOOLS FOR CONTAMINATED SITES - Current Perspectives and Future Prospects.
Abstract Health hazards associated with the redevelopment of contaminated sites can be complex and pose considerable risks. A systematic literature review was conducted on risk assessment tools for contaminated sites. These tools have been identified from searching through leading academic databases and other professional sources. For each of the identified tools the relevant risk assessment stages, harm type, hazard category, receptor type and pathways are reported. Findings reveal that despite growing interest in the development of risk assessment tools, there are persistent knowledge gaps identified in this stu...
Source: Environmental Research - September 10, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Mahammedi CE, Mahdjoubi L, Booth CA, Akram H, Butt TE Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research