Association between noise exposure and diabetes: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate an increased risk of diabetes mellitus associated with noise exposure, mainly related to air and road traffic. PMID: 30006240 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - July 10, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Zare Sakhvidi MJ, Zare Sakhvidi F, Mehrparvar AH, Foraster M, Dadvand P Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Contribution of climate and land cover changes to reduction in soil erosion rates within small cultivated catchments in the eastern part of the Russian Plain during the last 60 years.
Abstract The eastern part of the Russian Plain is an important agricultural region of European Russia with high proportion of cultivated lands in the steppe, forest-steppe and forest (southern part) landscape zones. Soil erosion is the main process of land degradation and surface water contamination there. Climate and land cover changes have been observed in this region during the last 30 years. However, field quantitative assessments of soil erosion rates are not available for the eastern part of European Russia due to the lack of monitoring data as well as the evaluation of erosion/deposition processes in cultiv...
Source: Environmental Research - July 9, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Gusarov AV, Golosov VN, Sharifullin AG Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Brain methylmercury uptake in fetal, neonate, weanling, and adult rats.
Abstract Fetuses and neonates are known to be highly susceptible to methylmercury (MeHg) toxicity, but little is known about the relative uptake of MeHg from blood to the developing brain. We measured time-course changes in mercury (Hg) concentrations in the brain of fetal, neonate, weanling, and adult rats after an injection of 0.08 μg (0.4 nmol) Hg/g MeHg. In the prenatal experiment, MeHg was subcutaneously injected to pregnant dams on embryonic days 17, 18, 18.5, 19, 19.5, or 20, and Hg concentrations in tissues were measured in both mothers and fetuses on embryonic day 21 (1 day before parturition). Bra...
Source: Environmental Research - July 5, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sakamoto M, Tatsuta N, Chan HM, Domingo JL, Murata K, Nakai K Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

The health benefits of the great outdoors: A systematic review and meta-analysis of greenspace exposure and health outcomes.
Abstract BACKGROUND: The health benefits of greenspaces have demanded the attention of policymakers since the 1800s. Although much evidence suggests greenspace exposure is beneficial for health, there exists no systematic review and meta-analysis to synthesise and quantify the impact of greenspace on a wide range of health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To quantify evidence of the impact of greenspace on a wide range of health outcomes. METHODS: We searched five online databases and reference lists up to January 2017. Studies satisfying a priori eligibility criteria were evaluated independently by two authors. ...
Source: Environmental Research - July 5, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Twohig-Bennett C, Jones A Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Legionella pneumophila recurrently isolated in a Spanish hospital: Two years of antimicrobial resistance surveillance.
CONCLUSION: Colonization of water systems by Legionella spp. is still occurring, although all the prevention rules were strictly followed. Antibiotic resistance monitoring may help us to find resistance in bacteria with environmental reservoirs but difficult to isolate from patients. The knowledge of the antibiotic susceptibility in environmental strains may help us to predict changes in clinical strains. This study might also help reconsidering Legionnaires' disease (LD) diagnostic methods. L. pneumophila serogroups 2-14 present all along the time of the investigation in the water distribution system can cause LD. However...
Source: Environmental Research - July 5, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Graells T, Hernández-García M, Pérez-Jové J, Guy L, Padilla E Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Assessment of heat- and cold-related emergency department visits in cities of China and Australia: Population vulnerability and attributable burden.
CONCLUSIONS: Exposure to heat and cold had adverse but divergent impacts on EDV in China and Australia. Further mitigation policy efforts incorporating region-specific population vulnerability to temperature impacts are necessary in both countries. PMID: 29982149 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - July 3, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Cheng J, Zhang Y, Zhang W, Xu Z, Bambrick H, Hu W, Tong S Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Association between exposure to desalinated sea water and ischemic heart disease, diabetes mellitus and colorectal cancer; A population-based study in Israel.
CONCLUSIONS: We found that the risk for IHD increased during the study period. The risks for DM and CRC were unchanged. Long term studies are needed for assessing the risk for CRC due to the long latency. The higher risk for IHD has practical public health implications and raise the need to add magnesium to DSW. PMID: 29982150 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - July 3, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Shlezinger M, Amitai Y, Akriv A, Gabay H, Shechter M, Leventer-Roberts M Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Chronic toxicity of nanodiamonds can disturb development and reproduction of Acheta domesticus L.
Abstract The use of nanodiamonds in numerous materials designed for industry and medicine is growing rapidly. Consequently health and environmental risks associated with the exposure of humans and other biota to nanodiamonds-based materials are of the utmost importance. Scarcity of toxicological data for these particles led us to examine the potentially deleterious effects of nanodiamonds in model insect species, Acheta domesticus (Orthoptera) chronically exposed to ND in its diet. Organism-level end-point indices (lifespan, body weight, consumption, caloric value of faeces, reproduction) revealed adverse changes ...
Source: Environmental Research - July 2, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Karpeta-Kaczmarek J, Kędziorski A, Augustyniak-Jabłokow MA, Dziewięcka M, Augustyniak M Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Exploring the association between polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and diabetes among adults in the United States.
CONCLUSIONS: High levels of exposure to PAHs are positively associated with diabetes in the U.S. general population and these effects are modified by BMI. These findings suggest the importance of strong environmental regulation of PAHs to protect population health. PMID: 29982146 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - June 30, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Stallings-Smith S, Mease A, Johnson TM, Arikawa AY Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Short-and medium-term associations of particle number concentration with cardiovascular markers in a Puerto Rican cohort.
We examined the association of each metric with C-reactive protein (CRP) and blood pressure. Each model included subject-specific random intercepts to account for multiple measurements. An interquartile range (IQR) increase in PNC was associated with CRP for all metrics, notably a 3-day increase in PNC was associated with a 7.1% (95% CI: 2.0%, 12.2%) increase in CRP. Significant associations with CRP were seen in women, but not men; with current and former (but not non-) smokers; participants younger (but not older) than 65 y; those without diabetes (but not with), and those with (but not without), hypertension. Our stud...
Source: Environmental Research - June 30, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Fuller CH, O'Neill MS, Sarnat JA, Chang HH, Tucker KL, Brugge D Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Impact of meteorological factors on mumps and potential effect modifiers: An analysis of 10 cities in Guangxi, Southern China.
CONCLUSIONS: Meteorological factors, such as temperature and wind speed, exert a significant impact on the incidence of mumps. The relationship varies depending on gender and age. Socioeconomic factors such as vaccination, GDP, geographical latitude, etc. may substantially affect the weather-related mumps incidence. PMID: 29966878 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - June 29, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Yu G, Yang R, Yu D, Cai J, Tang J, Zhai W, Wei Y, Chen S, Chen Q, Zhong G, Qin J Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

The association between whole blood concentrations of heavy metals in pregnant women and premature births: The Japan Environment and Children's Study (JECS).
Abstract BACKGROUND: Heavy metals are widely distributed in the environment. Recent reports have demonstrated the risk of preterm birth following heavy metal exposure. Preterm births are classified as early and late, depending on the duration of pregnancy, and are associated with increased risk of congenital illnesses such as heart failure, asthma, etc. Particularly, early preterm births carry a higher risk of mortality; however, the differential effects of heavy metal exposure on early and late preterm births are unknown. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the association between maternal whole blood concentrations of h...
Source: Environmental Research - June 28, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tsuji M, Shibata E, Morokuma S, Tanaka R, Senju A, Araki S, Sanefuji M, Koriyama C, Yamamoto M, Ishihara Y, Kusuhara K, Kawamoto T, Japan Environment & Children's Study Group Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Cross sectional association of arsenic and seroprevalence of hepatitis B infection in the United States (NHANES 2003-2014).
CONCLUSION: In the U.S. general public, higher urinary arsenic levels were associated with a greater odds of having a serological classification consistent with a past natural hepatitis B infection after adjusting for other risk factors. Additionally, higher urinary arsenic levels were linked to a greater odds of not receiving hepatitis B vaccinations. Given the cross-sectional nature of this analysis, more research is needed to test the hypothesis that environmentally relevant exposure to arsenic modulates host susceptibility to hepatitis B virus. PMID: 29966877 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - June 28, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Cardenas A, Smit E, Welch BM, Bethel J, Kile ML Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Google search patterns monitoring the daily health impact of heatwaves in England: How do the findings compare to established syndromic surveillance systems from 2013 to 2017?
Abstract One of the implications of climate change is a predicted increase in frequent and severe heatwaves. The impact of heatwaves on the health of the population is captured through real-time syndromic healthcare surveillance systems monitored daily in England during the summer months. Internet search data could potentially provide improved timeliness and help to assess the wider population health impact of heat by capturing a population sub-group who are symptomatic but do not seek healthcare. A retrospective observational study was carried out from June 2013 to September 2017 in England to compare daily trend...
Source: Environmental Research - June 28, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Green HK, Edeghere O, Elliot AJ, Cox IJ, Morbey R, Pebody R, Bone A, McKendry RA, Smith GE Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Urinary concentrations of environmental phenols and their association with type 2 diabetes in a population in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
Abstract A few epidemiologic studies suggest that exposure to bisphenol A (BPA) is associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, little is known about association between other phenolic endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) and T2DM. In this case-control study, we measured urinary concentrations of 23 phenolic EDCs in 101 individuals from Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, to examine the association of parabens, antimicrobials, bisphenols, benzophenones and bisphenol A diglycidyl ethers with T2DM. Urine samples were collected from 54 T2DM cases and 47 non-diabetic individuals (controls), aged 28-68 years old, durin...
Source: Environmental Research - June 27, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Li AJ, Xue J, Lin S, Al-Malki AL, Al-Ghamdi MA, Kumosani TA, Kannan K Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Integrating population connectivity into pollution assessment: Overwintering mixing reveals flame retardant contamination in breeding areas in a migratory raptor.
te; D, Eljarrat E Abstract Determining the exposure and magnitude at which various pollutants are differentially assimilated at the breeding and non-breeding grounds of migratory wildlife is challenging. Here, the possibility of applying the migratory connectivity framework to understanding contamination in birds is illustrated by considering flame retardants in inviable eggs of a migratory raptor, the black kite (Milvus migrans). The occurrence and concentration of legacy and emerging compounds in eggs from the southeastern peri-urban area of Madrid city, central Spain, were compared with those from Doñana...
Source: Environmental Research - June 27, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Blanco G, Sergio F, Frías Ó, Salinas P, Tanferna A, Hiraldo F, Barceló D, Eljarrat E Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Associations between urinary cotinine and symptoms of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and autism spectrum disorder.
Abstract BACKGROUND: The present study investigated associations between urinary cotinine levels as a biomarker of secondhand smoke exposure and symptoms of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHODS: A total of 520 child participants (200 with ADHD, 67 with ASD, and 253 normal control subjects) were assessed using the Korean version of the ADHD rating scale (K-ARS), Autism spectrum screening questionnaire (ASSQ), and Behavioral Assessment System for Children, second edition (BASC-2). The Korean version of the computer-based continuous performance test was used...
Source: Environmental Research - June 26, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Kim KM, Lim MH, Kwon HJ, Yoo SJ, Kim EJ, Kim JW, Ha M, Paik KC Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Spatial modeling of daily concentrations of ground-level ozone in Montreal, Canada: A comparison of geostatistical approaches.
Abstract Ground-level ozone (O3) is a powerful oxidizing agent and a harmful pollutant affecting human health, forests and crops. Estimating O3 exposure is a challenge because it exhibits complex spatiotemporal patterns. The aim in this study was to provide high-resolution maps (100 × 100 m) of O3 for the metropolitan area of Montreal, Canada. We assessed the kriging with external drift (KED) model to estimate O3 concentration by synoptic weather classes for 2010. We compared these results with ordinary kriging (OK), and a simple average of 12 monitoring stations. We also compared the estimates obtaine...
Source: Environmental Research - June 26, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Ramos Y, Requia WJ, St-Onge B, Blanchet JP, Kestens Y, Smargiassi A Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Photocatalytic inactivation of Vibrio fischeri using Fe2O3-TiO2-based nanoparticles.
Abstract Biofouling is a major problem in water membrane processes, especially in seawater reverse osmosis plants. Inactivation of Vibrio fischeri (a well-known marine bacterium forming biofilm) through photocatalysis via visible light was investigated in this work using active Fe2O3-TiO2 nanoparticles. Five Fe2O3-TiO2 photocatalysts with different weight percentage of Fe2O3 (0-5 wt%) were synthesized using an ultrasonic-assisted co-precipitation method. The photocatalysts were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), BET surface area, transmission electron Æ (TEM) plus selected area electron diffr...
Source: Environmental Research - June 26, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Baniamerian H, Safavi M, Alvarado-Morales M, Tsapekos P, Angelidaki I, Shokrollahzadeh S Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Multiple-metal exposure, diet, and oxidative stress in Uruguayan school children.
We examined the cross-sectional association between urinary concentrations of arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), and lead (Pb) and urinary markers of OS: F2-8α isoprostane and 8-hydroxy-2-deoxy-guanosine (8-OHdG). We also tested effect modification by dietary intakes. Of the 211 children aged 6-8 years living in Montevideo who were eligible for the study because they had at least one OS marker measured via ELISA, 143 were included in a complete-case analysis. Urinary metals were measured with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS: Pb, Cd) and high-performance liquid chromatography online with hydride genera...
Source: Environmental Research - June 26, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Kordas K, Roy A, Vahter M, Ravenscroft J, Mañay N, Peregalli F, Martínez G, Queirolo EI Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Odor mitigation and bacterial community dynamics in on-site biocovers at a sanitary landfill in South Korea.
Abstract Unpleasant odors emitted from landfills have been caused environmental and societal problems. For odor abatement, two pilot-scale biocovers were installed at a sanitary landfill site in South Korea. Biocovers PBC1 and PBC2 comprised a soil mixture with different ratios of earthworm casts as an inoculum source and were operated for 240 days. Their odor removal efficiencies were evaluated, and their bacterial community structures were characterized using pyrosequencing. In addition, the correlation between odor removability and bacterial community dynamics was assessed using network analysis. The removal ef...
Source: Environmental Research - June 26, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Yun J, Jung H, Ryu HW, Oh KC, Jeon JM, Cho KS Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Associations between environmental quality and adult asthma prevalence in medical claims data.
Abstract As of 2014, approximately 7.4% of U.S. adults had current asthma. The etiology of asthma is complex, involving genetics, behavior, and environmental factors. To explore the association between cumulative environmental quality and asthma prevalence in U.S. adults, we linked the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Environmental Quality Index (EQI) to the MarketScan® Commercial Claims and Encounters Database. The EQI is a summary measure of five environmental domains (air, water, land, built, sociodemographic). We defined asthma as having at least 2 claims during the study period, 2003-2013. We used a...
Source: Environmental Research - June 26, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Gray CL, Lobdell DT, Rappazzo KM, Jian Y, Jagai JS, Messer LC, Patel AP, DeFlorio-Barker SA, Lyttle C, Solway J, Rzhetsky A Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Exposure to perfluoroalkyl substances and associations with serum thyroid hormones in a remote population of Alaska Natives.
Abstract Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are known to accumulate in traditional food animals of the Arctic, and arctic indigenous peoples may be exposed via consumption of subsistence-harvested animals. PFASs are suspected of disrupting thyroid hormone homeostasis in humans. The aim of this study is to assess the relationship between serum PFASs and thyroid function in a remote population of Alaska Natives. Serum samples were collected from 85 individuals from St. Lawrence Island, Alaska. The concentrations of 13 PFASs, as well as free and total thyroxine (T4), free and total triiodothyronine (T3), and thyrotrop...
Source: Environmental Research - June 26, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Byrne SC, Miller P, Seguinot-Medina S, Waghiyi V, Buck CL, von Hippel FA, Carpenter DO Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Effects of carbon and silicon nanotubes and carbon nanofibers on marine microalgae Heterosigma akashiwo.
Abstract The effect of carbon and silicon nanotubes (CNTs and SiNTs) and carbon nanofibers (CNFs) to microscopic marine algae Heterosigma akashiwo was studied, using algal growth inhibition for 3 days (acute effect) and 7 days (chronic effect) as toxicity endpoints. The criterion of the toxic effect was the statistically significant reduction of the number of algal cells in the exposed samples compared to the control. Samples did not demonstrate toxic effects at doses 1 mg/l and 10 mg/l. CNTs and SiNTs samples at 100 mg/l exhibited both acute and chronic toxic effects. We assume that the main cause of cell d...
Source: Environmental Research - June 25, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Pikula KS, Zakharenko AM, Chaika VV, Vedyagin AA, Orlova TY, Mishakov IV, Kuznetsov VL, Park S, Renieri EA, Kahru A, Tsatsakis AM, Golokhvast KS Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Effects of incomplete residential histories on studies of environmental exposure with application to childhood leukaemia and background radiation.
n A Abstract When evaluating environmental exposures, residential exposures are often most relevant. In most countries, it is impossible to establish full residential histories. In recent publications, childhood leukaemia and background radiation have been studied with and without full residential histories. This paper investigates the consequences of lacking such full data. Data from a nationwide Finnish Case-Control study of Childhood Leukaemia and gamma rays were analysed. This included 1093 children diagnosed with leukaemia in Finland in 1990-2011. Each case was matched by gender and year of birth to three con...
Source: Environmental Research - June 22, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Nikkilä A, Kendall G, Raitanen J, Spycher B, Lohi O, Auvinen A Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Methylmercury levels in commonly consumed fish and methylmercury exposure of children and women of childbearing age in Hong Kong, a high fish consumption community.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Despite high fish consumption levels of Hong Kong residents, little is known about the MeHg exposure levels of Hong Kong high-risk populations (i.e. young children and women of childbearing age). OBJECTIVES: To investigate the MeHg levels in fish commonly consumed in Hong Kong and assess the exposure levels of local kindergarten children and women of childbearing age. METHODS: A community-based survey was conducted in randomly recruited local kindergartens. The MeHg concentrations of the most commonly consumed fish items were measured. Based on their fish consumption data, subjects' ...
Source: Environmental Research - June 22, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Chan PHY, Chan MHM, Li AM, Cheung RCK, Yu XT, Lam HS Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

A respiratory health survey of a subsurface smoldering landfill.
Abstract In late 2010, a subsurface smoldering event was detected in the Bridgeton Sanitary Landfill in St. Louis County, Missouri. This was followed by complaints from nearby residents of foul odors emanating from the landfill. In 2016 a health survey was conducted of residents near the landfill and, as a comparison, other regions of St. Louis County. The survey was a two-stage cluster sample, where the first stage was census blocks, and the second stage was households within the census blocks. The health survey, which was conducted by face-to-face interviews of residents both near the landfill and away from the ...
Source: Environmental Research - June 22, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Kret J, Dalidowitz Dame L, Tutlam N, DeClue RW, Schmidt S, Donaldson K, Lewis R, Rigdon SE, Davis S, Zelicoff A, King C, Wang Y, Patrick S, Khan F Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Long-term exposure to air pollution and the incidence of multiple sclerosis: A population-based cohort study.
CONCLUSIONS: In this large population-based cohort, we did not observe significant associations between MS incidence and long-term exposures to PM2.5, NO2, and O3 in adults in Ontario, 2001-2013. PMID: 29940476 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - June 22, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Bai L, Burnett RT, Kwong JC, Hystad P, van Donkelaar A, Brook JR, Tu K, Copes R, Goldberg MS, Martin RV, Murray BJ, Kopp A, Chen H Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Urinary tungsten and incident cardiovascular disease in the Strong Heart Study: An interaction with urinary molybdenum.
CONCLUSIONS: The association between W and CVD incidence and mortality was positive although non-significant at lower urinary Mo levels and significant and inverse at higher urinary Mo levels. Although prior cross-sectional epidemiologic studies in the general US population found positive associations between urinary tungsten and prevalent cardiovascular disease, our prospective analysis in the Strong Heart Study indicates this association may be modified by molybdenum exposure. PMID: 29940477 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - June 22, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Nigra AE, Howard BV, Umans JG, Best L, Francesconi KA, Goessler W, Devereux R, Navas-Acien A Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

PM10 exposure is associated with increased hospitalizations for respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis among infants in Lombardy, Italy.
Abstract Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the primary cause of acute lower respiratory infections in children, bronchiolitis in particular. Airborne particulate matter (PM) may influence the children's immune system and foster the spread of RSV infection. We aimed to verify whether PM10 exposure is associated with hospitalization due to RSV bronchiolitis. We selected hospital discharge records (HRD) with ICD-9-CM code 466.11 of infants
Source: Environmental Research - June 22, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Carugno M, Dentali F, Mathieu G, Fontanella A, Mariani J, Bordini L, Milani GP, Consonni D, Bonzini M, Bollati V, Pesatori AC Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Pathways linking residential noise and air pollution to mental ill-health in young adults.
CONCLUSION: We found evidence that increased residential noise was related to mental ill-health through several indirect pathways. Air pollution was associated with mental health only indirectly. PMID: 29940479 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - June 22, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Dzhambov AM, Markevych I, Tilov B, Arabadzhiev Z, Stoyanov D, Gatseva P, Dimitrova DD Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Cold-related mortality vs heat-related mortality in a changing climate: A case study in Vilnius (Lithuania).
CONCLUSION: Thermal extremes, both heat and cold, constitute a serious public health threat in Vilnius, and in a changing climate the decrease in mortality attributable to cold will not compensate for the increase in mortality attributable to heat. Study results reinforce the notion that public health prevention against thermal extremes should be designed as a dynamic, adaptive process from the inception. PMID: 29936286 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - June 21, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Martinez GS, Diaz J, Hooyberghs H, Lauwaet D, De Ridder K, Linares C, Carmona R, Ortiz C, Kendrovski V, Adamonyte D Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Effect of arsenic (III and V) on oxidative stress parameters in resistant and susceptible Staphylococcus aureus.
Abstract The presented study deals with the observation of properties of methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) in the toxic arsenic environment and influence of arsenic on antioxidant capacity. Two forms of arsenic (As(III), As(V)) with different concentrations were used for induction of the oxidative stress in tested strains. Microbiological methods showed that the growth inhibition of MSSA was higher than that of MRSA in presence of both arsenic ions. As(III) showed 24% and 33% higher anti-microbial effects than As(V) against MSSA and MRSA respectively. A...
Source: Environmental Research - June 21, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Jelinkova P, Vesely R, Cihalova K, Hegerova D, Ananbeh HAAA, Richtera L, Smerkova K, Brtnicky M, Kynicky J, Moulick A, Adam V Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Unconventional natural gas development and pediatric asthma hospitalizations in Pennsylvania.
CONCLUSIONS: Community-level UNGD exposure metrics were associated with increased odds of pediatric asthma-related hospitalization among young children and adolescents. This study provides evidence that additional regulations may be necessary to protect children's respiratory health from UNGD activities. PMID: 29936288 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - June 21, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Willis MD, Jusko TA, Halterman JS, Hill EL Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Can explicit suggestions about the harmfulness of EMF exposure exacerbate a nocebo response in healthy controls?
Abstract While there has been consistent evidence that symptoms reported by individuals who suffer from Idiopathic Environmental Intolerance attributed to Electromagnetic Fields (IEI-EMF) are not caused by EMF and are more closely associated with a nocebo effect, whether this response is specific to IEI-EMF sufferers and what triggers it, remains unclear. The present experiment tested whether perceived EMF exposure could elicit symptoms in healthy participants, and whether viewing an 'alarmist' video could exacerbate a nocebo response. Participants were randomly assigned to watch either an alarmist (N = 22) or...
Source: Environmental Research - June 21, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Verrender A, Loughran SP, Dalecki A, Freudenstein F, Croft RJ Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

More green space is related to less antidepressant prescription rates in the Netherlands: A Bayesian geoadditive quantile regression approach.
CONCLUSION: Our findings imply that an increased availability of green space within a municipality may contribute to a reduction in the number of antidepressant prescriptions dispensed. Green space is thus a central health and community asset, whilst a minimum level of 28% needs to be established for health gains. The highest effectiveness occurred at a municipality surface percentage higher than 79%. This inverse dose-dependent relation has important implications for setting future community-level health and planning policies. PMID: 29936285 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - June 20, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Helbich M, Klein N, Roberts H, Hagedoorn P, Groenewegen PP Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Alzheimer's disease and alpha-synuclein pathology in the olfactory bulbs of infants, children, teens and adults ≤ 40 years in Metropolitan Mexico City. APOE4 carriers at higher risk of suicide accelerate their olfactory bulb pathology.
Alzheimer's disease and alpha-synuclein pathology in the olfactory bulbs of infants, children, teens and adults ≤ 40 years in Metropolitan Mexico City. APOE4 carriers at higher risk of suicide accelerate their olfactory bulb pathology. Environ Res. 2018 Jun 20;166:348-362 Authors: Calderón-Garcidueñas L, González-Maciel A, Reynoso-Robles R, Kulesza RJ, Mukherjee PS, Torres-Jardón R, Rönkkö T, Doty RL Abstract There is growing evidence that air pollution is a risk factor for a number of neurodegenerative diseases, most notably Alzheimer's (AD) and Parkinson's ...
Source: Environmental Research - June 20, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Calderón-Garcidueñas L, González-Maciel A, Reynoso-Robles R, Kulesza RJ, Mukherjee PS, Torres-Jardón R, Rönkkö T, Doty RL Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Modelling soil erosion in a Mediterranean watershed: Comparison between SWAT and AnnAGNPS models.
In this study, the simulations generated by two of the most widely used hydrological basin-scale models, the Annualized Agricultural Non-Point Source (AnnAGNPS) and the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT), were compared in a Mediterranean watershed, the Carapelle (Apulia, Southern Italy). Input data requirements, time and efforts needed for input preparation, strength and weakness points of each model, ease of use and limitations were evaluated in order to give information to users. Models were calibrated and validated at monthly time scale for hydrology and sediment load using a four year period of observations (streamf...
Source: Environmental Research - June 20, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Abdelwahab OMM, Ricci GF, De Girolamo AM, Gentile F Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

The effects of environmental conditions on the enrichment of antibiotics on microplastics in simulated natural water column.
In this study, the effects of environmental factors (ageing conditions), such as pH, temperature, ionic strength, ageing time, and humic acid (HA) concentration, on the characteristics of MPs and their adsorption toward tetracycline (TC) were systematically investigated. The results showed that ageing factors such as pH, ionic strength, and temperature were found to have little impact on the adsorptive capacity of MPs for TC. However, MPs aged in HA solution exhibited a significant decreased adsorptive capacity for TC. HA, which has numerous functional groups, can cover the surface of MPs and change their hydrophobicity, t...
Source: Environmental Research - June 20, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Shen XC, Li DC, Sima XF, Cheng HY, Jiang H Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

"How do you know those particles are from cigarettes?": An algorithm to help differentiate second-hand tobacco smoke from background sources of household fine particulate matter.
CONCLUSIONS: Applying this algorithm to Dylos particle count measurements may help identify the presence of SHS in homes or other indoor environments. Future research should adapt it to detect individual smoking periods within a 24 h or longer measurement period. PMID: 29929126 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - June 18, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Dobson R, Semple S Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Assessment of exposure to air pollution in children: Determining whether wearing a personal monitor affects physical activity.
Abstract Personal air pollution monitoring in research studies should not interfere with usual patterns of behavior and bias results. In an urban pediatric cohort study we tested whether wearing an air monitor impacted activity time based on continuous watch-based accelerometry. The majority (71%) reported that activity while wearing the monitor mimicked normal activity. Correspondingly, variation in activity while wearing versus not wearing the monitor did not differ greatly from baseline variation in activity (P = 0.84). PMID: 29913435 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - June 15, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Lovinsky-Desir S, Lawrence J, Jung KH, Rundle AG, Hoepner LA, Yan B, Perera F, Perzanowski MS, Miller RL, Chillrud SN Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

The effect of flavor content in e-liquids on e-cigarette emissions of carbonyl compounds.
Abstract The effect of flavors on carbonyl compound (CC) emission factors (EF) from electronic cigarettes (ECs) vaping was investigated at the default vaping (voltage) setting in all experiments using a total of 21 lab-made e-liquid samples (five different types of retail flavorant bases: beverage/dessert/fruit/mint/tobacco). Each flavorant base was added to a separate unflavored base composed of a 1:1 mixture of propylene glycol/vegetable glycerol (PG/VG) at four levels (5/10/30/50% (v/v)). The e-liquid CC levels increased linearly with flavorant base content, 1.3-10.5 times (R2: 0.762-0.999). The vaping CC EFs...
Source: Environmental Research - June 14, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Qu Y, Kim KH, Szulejko JE Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Road traffic noise, air pollution, and risk of dementia - results from the Betula project.
CONCLUSION: We found no evidence that exposure to road traffic noise, either independently or in combination with traffic air pollution, was associated with risk of dementia in our study area. Our results suggest that pollution should be considered the main component in the association between traffic related exposures and dementia. PMID: 29909174 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - June 14, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Andersson J, Oudin A, Sundström A, Forsberg B, Adolfsson R, Nordin M Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Framework for the assessment of PEMS (Portable Emissions Measurement Systems) uncertainty.
Abstract European regulation 2016/427 (the first package of the so-called Real-Driving Emissions (RDE) regulation) introduced on-road testing with Portable Emissions Measurement Systems (PEMS) to complement the chassis dynamometer laboratory (Type I) test for the type approval of light-duty vehicles in the European Union since September 2017. The Not-To-Exceed (NTE) limit for a pollutant is the Type I test limit multiplied by a conformity factor that includes a margin for the additional measurement uncertainty of PEMS relative to standard laboratory equipment. The variability of measured results related to RDE tri...
Source: Environmental Research - June 13, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Giechaskiel B, Clairotte M, Valverde-Morales V, Bonnel P, Kregar Z, Franco V, Dilara P Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Sleep disorders among Yusho patients highly intoxicated with dioxin-related compounds: A 140-case series.
CONCLUSIONS: Symptoms of insomnia were frequent, and the prevalence of RLS/WED was high in patients with Yusho. In addition to the presence of RLS/WED, a higher blood concentration of 2,3,4,7,8-PeCDF was associated with lower subjective sleep quality. PMID: 29908457 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - June 13, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Kondo H, Tanio K, Nagaura Y, Nagayoshi M, Mitoma C, Furue M, Maeda T Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Body burden of toxic metals and rare earth elements in non-smokers, cigarette smokers and electronic cigarette users.
uez-Hernández LA Abstract Smoking is considered an important source for inorganic elements, most of them toxic for human health. During the last years, there has been a significant increase in the use of e-cigarettes, although the role of them as source of inorganic elements has not been well established. A cross-sectional study including a total of 150 subjects from Brasov (Romania), divided into three groups (non-smokers, cigarette smokers and electronic cigarettes smokers) were recruited to disclose the role of smoking on the human exposure to inorganic elements. Concentration of 42 elements, including t...
Source: Environmental Research - June 13, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Badea M, Luzardo OP, González-Antuña A, Zumbado M, Rogozea L, Floroian L, Alexandrescu D, Moga M, Gaman L, Radoi M, Boada LD, Henríquez-Hernández LA Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Analyzing urban ecosystem variation in the City of Dongguan: A stepwise cluster modeling approach.
In this study, a stepwise cluster modeling approach (SCMA) is developed for analyzing urban ecosystem variation via Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI). NDVI is an indicator of vegetation growth and coverage and useful in reflecting urban ecosystem. SCMA is established on a cluster tree that can characterize the complex relationship between independent and dependent variables. SCMA is applied to the City of Dongguan for simulating the urban NDVI and identifying associated drivers of human activity, topography and meteorology without specific functions. Results show that SCMA performances better than conventional ...
Source: Environmental Research - June 13, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sun J, Li YP, Gao PP, Suo C, Xia BC Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Evaluation of NOx emissions of a retrofitted Euro 5 passenger car for the Horizon prize "Engine retrofit".
Evaluation of NOx emissions of a retrofitted Euro 5 passenger car for the Horizon prize "Engine retrofit". Environ Res. 2018 Jun 13;166:298-309 Authors: Giechaskiel B, Suarez-Bertoa R, Lähde T, Clairotte M, Carriero M, Bonnel P, Maggiore M Abstract The Horizon 2020 prize for the "Engine Retrofit for Clean Air" aims at reducing the pollution in cities by spurring the development of retrofit technology for diesel engines. A Euro 5 passenger car was retrofitted with an under-floor SCR (Selective Catalytic Reduction) for NOx catalyst in combination with a solid ammonia based dosin...
Source: Environmental Research - June 13, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Giechaskiel B, Suarez-Bertoa R, Lähde T, Clairotte M, Carriero M, Bonnel P, Maggiore M Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Air pollution and the fetal origin of disease: A systematic review of the molecular signatures of air pollution exposure in human placenta.
CONCLUSIONS: Integration of placental biomarkers in an environmental epidemiological context enables researchers to address fundamental questions essential in unraveling the fetal origin of disease and helps to better define the pregnancy exposome of air pollution. PMID: 29908461 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - June 13, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Luyten LJ, Saenen ND, Janssen BG, Vrijens K, Plusquin M, Roels HA, Debacq-Chainiaux F, Nawrot TS Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Toxic metal(loid)-based pollutants and their possible role in autism spectrum disorder.
This article reviews the most relevant toxic metals, commonly found, environmental pollutants, i.e., lead (Pb), mercury (Hg), aluminum (Al), and the metalloid arsenic (As). Additionally, it discusses how pollutants can be a possible pathogenetic cause of ASD through various mechanisms including neuroinflammation in different regions of the brain, fundamentally occurring through elevation of the proinflammatory profile of cytokines and aberrant expression of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB). Due to the worldwide increase in toxic environmental pollution, studies on the role of pollutants in neurodevelopmental disorders,...
Source: Environmental Research - June 11, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Bjørklund G, Skalny AV, Rahman MM, Dadar M, Yassa HA, Aaseth J, Chirumbolo S, Skalnaya MG, Tinkov AA Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research