Variability in the spatial density of vacant properties contributes to background lead (Pb) exposure in children.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Heightened blood lead levels (BLL) are associated with cognitive deficiencies and adverse behavioral outcomes. Lead-contaminated house dust is the primary source of exposure in U.S. children, and evidence suggests that even background (low-level) exposure has negative consequences. Identifying sources of background exposure is of great public health significance because of the larger number of children that can be affected. METHODS: Blood lead was assessed in a bi-racial sample of children from Syracuse, NY, aged 9-11, using established biomonitoring methods. The spatial density of vacant...
Source: Environmental Research - January 6, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Castro IE, Larsen DA, Hruska B, Parsons PJ, Palmer CD, Gump BB Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Determinants of oil-spill cleanup participation following the Deepwater Horizon oil spill.
CONCLUSIONS: Understanding the demographics of cleanup participants may help inform civilian recruitment for future oil spill responses. PMID: 30640081 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - January 6, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sharpe JD, Kaufman JA, Goldman ZE, Wolkin A, Gribble MO Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Estimated exposure to mercury from fish consumption among women anglers of childbearing age in the Great Lakes region.
Abstract Women of childbearing age (WCBA) are advised by state, tribal, and federal agencies to limit their consumption of certain fish, in part, because of concerns about the ingestion of methylmercury and its impact on the development of fetuses. We studied the fish-eating habits of WCBA who had a fishing license and lived near the Great Lakes, where mercury in locally-caught fish is a concern, as these women were likely at greater risk of elevated mercury exposure than the general population. We used a web-based diary method to gather fish consumption data from WCBA anglers over a 4-month period in the summer o...
Source: Environmental Research - January 6, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Connelly NA, Lauber TB, McCann PJ, Niederdeppe J, Knuth BA Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Perinatal polychlorinated biphenyls and polychlorinated dibenzofurans exposure are associated with DNA methylation changes lasting to early adulthood: Findings from Yucheng second generation.
Abstract Epigenome-wide DNA methylation has not been studied in men perinatally exposed to PCBs and dioxins. Therefore, we examined whether perinatal exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) induces sustained methylation changes lasting to early adulthood. We used the Illumina HumanMethylation450 BeadChip to assess DNA methylation in whole blood among Yucheng second generation (people perinatal exposed to high PCBs and PCDFs) compared with referents. Thirty male offspring from the Yucheng cohort were randomly selected and matched with 30 male offspring from the Yucheng...
Source: Environmental Research - January 3, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Su KY, Li MC, Lee NW, Ho BC, Cheng CL, Chuang YC, Yu SL, Guo YL Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Risk tradeoffs associated with traditional food advisories for Labrador Inuit.
Abstract The traditional Inuit diet includes wild birds, fish and marine mammals, which can contain high concentrations of the neurotoxicant methylmercury (MeHg). Hydroelectric development may increase MeHg concentrations in traditional foods. Consumption advisories are often used to mitigate such risks and can result in reduced intake of traditional foods. Data from a dietary survey, MeHg exposure assessment and risk analysis for individuals in three Inuit communities in Labrador, Canada (n = 1145) in 2014 indicate reducing traditional food intake is likely to exacerbate deficiencies in n-3 polyunsaturated fa...
Source: Environmental Research - November 29, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Calder RSD, Bromage S, Sunderland EM Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Prenatal particulate air pollution exposure and cord blood homocysteine in newborns: Results from the ENVIRONAGE birth cohort.
CONCLUSIONS: Exposure to particulate air pollution in utero is associated with higher cord blood homocysteine levels, possibly through generating oxidative stress. Increased air pollution-induced homocysteine levels in early life might predispose for cardiovascular and other diseases later in life. PMID: 30477822 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - November 29, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Hogervorst JGF, Madhloum N, Saenen ND, Janssen BG, Penders J, Vanpoucke C, De Vivo I, Vrijens K, Nawrot TS Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Degradation of dimethyl phthalate using a liquid phase plasma process with TiO2 photocatalysts.
Abstract The liquid phase plasma (LPP) method with a TiO2 photocatalyst and hydrogen peroxide was used to decompose dimethyl phthalate (DMP). As the applied voltage, pulse width, and frequency were increased, the rate of decomposition was increased and the decomposition rate was 63% for 180 min under plasma optimum conditions. The addition of TiO2 photocatalyst and hydrogen peroxide increased the DMP decomposition reaction rate, but an excess cause a decrease in decomposition rate due to a decrease in conductivity, blocking of ultraviolet light, and scavenger effect. When the TiO2 photocatalyst and hydrogen pero...
Source: Environmental Research - November 17, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Lee H, Park YK, Kim JS, Park YH, Jung SC Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Early-life intake of major trace elements, bisphenol A, tetrabromobisphenol A and fatty acids: Comparing human milk and commercial infant formulas.
macher M, Nadal M Abstract In the present study, the presence of a wide spectrum of major and trace elements (As, Ag, Al, Ba, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Hg, Mn, Ni, Sr, Sb, Se, Sn, Pb, V, and Zn), fatty acids, as well as some pollutants like free and total BPA and tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA), was analysed in human milk (n = 53) and infant formula (n = 50) samples. In addition, the infant exposure to these chemicals was assessed. The content of free BPA and several elements (Al, Ca, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Na, Ni, Sn, Sr, and Zn) was higher (p 
Source: Environmental Research - November 16, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Martínez MÁ, Castro I, Rovira J, Ares S, Rodríguez JM, Cunha SC, Casal S, Fernandes JO, Schuhmacher M, Nadal M Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Risk assessment of toxicants on WHO TobReg priority list in mainstream cigarette smoke using human-smoked yields of Korean smokers.
In conclusion, we assessed the risk level of the 38 toxicants on the priority list developed by the WHO TobReg and provided a Korean-specific priority list for the regulations on the emission of cigarette smoke. PMID: 30469000 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - November 15, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Pack EC, Kim HS, Jang DY, Koo YJ, Yu HH, Lee SH, Lim KM, Choi DW Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

children: A pilot study.
CONCLUSIONS: Children living in vineyard rural areas are at a higher risk of airborne dithiocarbamates exposure during the summer period. Despite the limited size of our sample, our results suggest possible links between some pesticide measurements and respiratory and allergic symptoms such as rhinitis. PMID: 30466012 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - November 10, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Raherison C, Baldi I, Pouquet M, Berteaud E, Moesch C, Bouvier G, Canal-Raffin M Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Heterogeneous condensation of magnetized water vapor on fine SiO2 particles.
Abstract The emission of fine particles from coal-fired power plants is one of the major healthy and environmental concerns. The enlargement of particles seems to be a promising pretreatment technology due to the low removal efficiency of traditional dusting devices. The study of particle amplification by heterogeneous condensation of magnetized water vapor was carried out based on the growth tube. And, the major component of particles from coal combustion SiO2 was tested. The experimental results indicate that the particle growth is more favored by the magnetized water compared with non-magnetized water. And the ...
Source: Environmental Research - November 9, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Yu Y, Zhang J, Zhong H Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Climate change and occupational heat stress risks and adaptation strategies of mining workers: Perspectives of supervisors and other stakeholders in Ghana.
Abstract Increasing air temperatures as a result of climate change are worsening the impact of heat exposure on working populations, including mining workers, who are at risk of suffering heat-related illnesses, injury and death. However, inadequate awareness of climate change-related occupational heat stress risks and adaptation strategies have been shown to render occupational heat stress management ineffective. A concurrent mixed-methods approach was used to assess the perceptions of climate change and occupational heat stress risks and adaptation strategies of mining workers among supervisory personnel and oth...
Source: Environmental Research - November 5, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Nunfam VF, Van Etten EJ, Oosthuizen J, Adusei-Asante K, Frimpong K Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Serum perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) and risk of asthma and various allergies in adolescents. The Troms ø study Fit Futures in Northern Norway.
CONCLUSIONS: This study of Norwegian adolescents showed a positive association between several PFASs and asthma, as well as between PFOS and nickel allergy. PMID: 30447498 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - November 5, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Averina M, Brox J, Huber S, Furberg AS, Sørensen M Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Wind erosion on arable lands, associated with extreme blizzard conditions within the hilly area of Eastern Romania.
Abstract The removal of wind-blown soils from cultivated fields is often expensive. It physically removes the most fertile portion of the soil that can lead to yield reduction in areas where wind erosion is a recurring problem. Soil nutrients and surface-applied chemicals can also be carried along with soil particles, contributing to off-site impacts. An extreme blizzard event has been investigated as case study within the Moldavian Plateau of eastern Romania. The results obtained, based on 45 snow core samples, show that the deposited sediment widely varied depending on land-use. The highest mean value of 5967 ...
Source: Environmental Research - November 3, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Niacsu L, Sfica L, Ursu A, Ichim P, Bobric DE, Breaban IG Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Temporal changes in temperature-related mortality in Spain and effect of the implementation of a Heat Health Prevention Plan.
Basagaña X Abstract Exposure to extreme ambient temperatures has been widely described to increase mortality. Exploring changes in susceptibility to temperatures over time can provide useful information for policy planning and can provide insights on the effectiveness of health preventive plans. The aims of this study were i) to compare changes in temperature-related mortality in Spain during a 20-year period and ii) to assess whether the number of actions implemented in each region as part of a Heat Health Prevention Plan (HHPP) was associated with the temporal changes in heat-related mortality. Daily coun...
Source: Environmental Research - November 3, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Martínez-Solanas È, Basagaña X Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Nitrogen dioxide air pollution and preterm birth in Shanghai, China.
CONCLUSION: NO2 may increase the risk of preterm birth, especially for exposures during the third trimester, the month and the week before delivery in Shanghai, China. PMID: 30423521 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - November 3, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Ji X, Meng X, Liu C, Chen R, Ge Y, Kan L, Fu Q, Li W, Tse LA, Kan H Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Decarbromodiphenyl ether (BDE-209) promotes monocyte-endothelial adhesion in cultured human aortic endothelial cells through upregulating intercellular adhesion molecule-1.
Abstract There is growing evidence that exposure to persistent organic pollutants (POPs) is statistically associated with incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) or its risk factors. Decarbromodiphenyl ether (BDE-209) is a new POP which exists extensively in human tissues, but its potential effects on CVD have so far received less focus. The adhesion of circulating monocytes to endothelial cells is one of the critical underlying steps in the initiation and development of CVD. In the present study, we investigated the effect of BDE-209 on the adhesion of THP-1 monocytes to human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs) a...
Source: Environmental Research - November 1, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Zhi H, Wu JP, Lu LM, Zhang XM, Chen XY, Wu SK, Tao J, Mai BX Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Retraction notice to "Paraoxonase I polymorphisms and attention/hyperactivity in school-age children from Mexico City, Mexico" Environmental Research (2014) 342 -349.
Retraction notice to "Paraoxonase I polymorphisms and attention/hyperactivity in school-age children from Mexico City, Mexico" Environmental Research (2014) 342 -349. Environ Res. 2018 Nov;167:776 Authors: Fortenberry GZ, Meeker JD, Sánchez BN, Bellinger D, Peterson K, Schnaas L, Solano-González M, Ettinger AS, Hernandez-Avila M, Hu H, Tellez-Rojo MM PMID: 30286872 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - October 7, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Fortenberry GZ, Meeker JD, Sánchez BN, Bellinger D, Peterson K, Schnaas L, Solano-González M, Ettinger AS, Hernandez-Avila M, Hu H, Tellez-Rojo MM Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Human health risks due to exposure to inorganic and organic chemicals from textiles: A review.
Abstract It is well known that a number of substances used in the textile industry can mean not only environmental, but also health problems. The scientific literature regarding potential adverse health effects of chemical substances in that industry is mainly related with human exposure during textile production. However, information about exposure of consumers is much more limited. Although most research on the health effects of chemicals in textiles concern allergic skin reactions, contact allergy is not the only potential human health problem. In this paper, we have reviewed the current scientific information ...
Source: Environmental Research - September 24, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Rovira J, Domingo JL Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Self-reported myocardial infarction and fatal coronary heart disease among oil spill workers and community members 5 years after Deepwater Horizon.
CONCLUSIONS: Residential proximity to the spill and duration of clean-up work were associated with a suggested 29-43% higher hazard of heart disease events. Associations were robust to censoring. PMID: 30278364 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - September 22, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Strelitz J, Keil AP, Richardson DB, Heiss G, Gammon MD, Kwok RK, Sandler DP, Engel LS Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Green synthesis of CuO nanomaterials and their proficient use for organic waste removal and antimicrobial application.
Abstract Copper oxide (CuO) nanomaterials (NMs) of different size and morphology were synthesized by Chemical precipitation, Microwave irradiation and Hydrothermal method and characterized by TEM, BET, FTIR, XRD and EDX analysis. As synthesized CuO NMs were utilized for elimination of harmful dyes viz. Direct Red 81 (DR-81) and Coomassie Brilliant blue R-250 (BBR-250) and pathogenic bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus). Owing to their morphology, smaller size and relatively high surface area (40.320 m2 g-1), CuO NMs prepared by chemical precipitation method were observed to show better adsorption capacity for both t...
Source: Environmental Research - September 21, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Chauhan M, Sharma B, Kumar R, Chaudhary GR, Hassan AA, Kumar S Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Commentary on the utility of the National Toxicology Program study on cell phone radiofrequency radiation data for assessing human health risks despite unfounded criticisms aimed at minimizing the findings of adverse health effects.
This study was designed to test the (null) hypothesis that cell phone radiation at non-thermal exposure intensities could not cause adverse health effects, and to provide dose-response data for any detected toxic or carcinogenic effects. Partial findings released from that study showed significantly increased incidences and/or trends for gliomas and glial cell hyperplasias in the brain and schwannomas and Schwann cell hyperplasias in the heart of exposed male rats. These results, as well as the findings of significantly increased DNA damage (strand breaks) in the brains of exposed rats and mice, reduced pup birth weights w...
Source: Environmental Research - September 19, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Melnick RL Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Pregnancy exposure to wind turbine noise and adverse birth outcomes: a nationwide cohort study.
sh;rensen M Abstract Noise from wind turbines (WTs) is reported as more annoying than traffic noise at similar levels, raising concerns as to whether WT noise (WTN) may negatively affect health, as reported for traffic noise. We aimed to investigate whether residential WTN is associated with adverse birth outcomes. Based on national registries, we identified all Danish dwellings situated within ≤ 20 wt heights radius and a random selection of 25% of dwellings situated within 20-40 wt heights radius of a WT. We identified 135,795 pregnant women living in the dwellings from 1982 to 2013, and collected infor...
Source: Environmental Research - September 10, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Poulsen AH, Raaschou-Nielsen O, Peña A, Hahmann AN, Nordsborg RB, Ketzel M, Brandt J, Sørensen M Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Stress axis variability is associated with differential ozone-induced lung inflammatory signaling and injury biomarker response.
on EM Abstract Ozone (O3), a ubiquitous urban air pollutant, causes adverse pulmonary and extrapulmonary effects. A large variability in acute O3-induced effects has been observed; however, the basis for interindividual differences in susceptibility is unclear. We previously demonstrated a role for the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) stress axis and glucocorticoid response in acute O3 toxicity. Glucocorticoids have important anti-inflammatory actions, and have been shown to regulate lung inflammatory responses. We hypothesised that a hyporesponsive HPA axis would be associated with greater O3-dependent lung i...
Source: Environmental Research - September 8, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Thomas J, Guénette J, Thomson EM Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Extracellular vesicle-enriched microRNAs interact in the association between long-term particulate matter and blood pressure in elderly men.
In this study, we investigated the role of evmiRNAs in the association between PM and blood pressure, as well as their epigenetic regulation by DNA methylation. METHODS: Participants (n = 22, men) were randomly selected from the Veterans Affairs Normative Aging Study (NAS). Long-term (1-year and 6-month average) PM2.5 exposure was estimated at 1 × 1-km resolution using spatio-temporal prediction models and BC was estimated using validated time varying land use regression models. We analyzed 31 evmiRNAs detected in ≥ 90% of all individuals and for statistical analysis, we used mixed effects models wi...
Source: Environmental Research - September 5, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Rodosthenous RS, Kloog I, Colicino E, Zhong J, Herrera LA, Vokonas P, Schwartz J, Baccarelli AA, Prada D Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Comment on "Wi-Fi is an important threat to human health".
Comment on "Wi-Fi is an important threat to human health". Environ Res. 2018 Aug 24;167:639 Authors: Arribas E, Ramirez-Vazquez R, Escobar I PMID: 30173116 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - August 24, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Arribas E, Ramirez-Vazquez R, Escobar I Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Association of maternal serum concentration of hydroxylated polychlorinated biphenyls with maternal and neonatal thyroid hormones: The Hokkaido birth cohort study.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that maternal exposure to OH-PCBs during pregnancy may increase both maternal and neonatal FT4 levels. Neonatal FT4 is presumed to be increased by prenatal 4-OH-CB187 indirectly, and this process may be mediated by maternal THs and neonatal TSH. PMID: 30173115 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - August 23, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Itoh S, Baba T, Yuasa M, Miyashita C, Kobayashi S, Araki A, Sasaki S, Kajiwara J, Hori T, Todaka T, Fujikura K, Nakajima S, Kato S, Kishi R Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Cardiovascular benefits of short-term indoor air filtration intervention in elderly living in Beijing: An extended analysis of BIAPSY study.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Adverse cardiovascular effects associated with air pollution exposure have been widely demonstrated. However, inconsistent cardiovascular responses were observed from reducing indoor air pollution exposure. We aimed to assess whether short-term air filtration intervention could benefit cardiovascular health in elderly living in high pollution area. METHODS: A randomized crossover intervention study of short-term indoor air filtration intervention on cardiovascular health was conducted among 35 non-smoking elderly participants living in Beijing in the winter of 2013, as part of Beijing Ind...
Source: Environmental Research - August 23, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Liu S, Chen J, Zhao Q, Song X, Shao D, Meliefste K, Du Y, Wang J, Wang M, Wang T, Feng B, Wu R, Xu H, Bei H, Brunekreef B, Huang W Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

System dynamics for predicting the impact of traffic noise on cardiovascular mortality in Madrid.
;az J Abstract The impact of road traffic noise on health is an important issue worldwide. In Madrid (Spain), the existing high daily noise levels all year round have been associated with short-term cardiovascular mortality. A system dynamics model is constructed to estimate the evolution of the traffic noise impact on the population older than 65 in Madrid over the upcoming years. This strategy allows to make predictions based on yearly variations in traffic intensity, population at risk, motor vehicle-related technological advances and lifestyles, and urban planning policies. Madrid harbours a persisting noise e...
Source: Environmental Research - August 21, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Recio A, Linares C, Díaz J Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Rainfall erosivity in Slovenia: Sensitivity estimation and trend detection.
zak N Abstract Slovenia is one of the EU countries with the largest values and largest amounts of variability in rainfall erosivity, with maximum annual values exceeding 10,000 MJ mm ha-1 h-1 yr-1. Five-minute rainfall data was analysed from 10 Slovenian rainfall stations with data-length availability longer than 25 years with a maximum data length of 69 years and a total data-station length equal to 443 years. Trends in the rainfall erosivity R-factor were detected for four different sub-samples using monthly, half-year, and annual rainfall erosivity values. The results indicate that rainfall erosivity tren...
Source: Environmental Research - August 15, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Petek M, Mikoš M, Bezak N Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

The estimated change in the level and distribution of PM2.5-attributable health impacts in the United States: 2005-2014.
CONCLUSIONS: Between 2005 and 2014, the level of PM2.5 concentrations fall, and the risk of premature death, declined and became more equitably distributed across the U.S. POPULATION: PMID: 30142626 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - August 13, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Fann N, Coffman E, Timin B, Kelly JT Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Organophosphorus esters (OPEs) in PM2.5 in urban and e-waste recycling regions in southern China: concentrations, sources, and emissions.
In this study, 12 OPEs were measured in fine particulate matter (PM2.5) at 20 industrial sites in an urban region and four e-waste recycling facilities in a rural region in southern China. There was no significant difference in the concentrations of ∑OPEs between the urban region (519-62,747 pg/m3, median = 2854 pg/m3) and the rural e-waste region (775-13,823 pg/m3, 3321 pg/m3). High OPE concentrations in urban PM2.5 were generally associated with the electrical, electronic, plastic, and chemical industries. There were no significant correlations between most OPEs in these two regions, suggesting different emis...
Source: Environmental Research - August 11, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Wang T, Ding N, Wang T, Chen SJ, Luo XJ, Mai BX Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Projected monthly temperature changes of the Great Lakes Basin.
This study furthermore identifies some fluctuations of latitudinal temperature gradients in the Great Lakes Basin, these areas covering the north latitude 40.5-41.5°, 43.5-44.0°, 45.5-46.5°, and 47.5-49.5°. PMID: 30125764 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - August 11, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Zhang L, Zhao Y, Hein-Griggs D, Ciborowski JJH Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

The burden of overall and cause-specific respiratory morbidity due to ambient air pollution in Sichuan Basin, China: A multi-city time-series analysis.
This study aimed to estimate the short-term effects of ambient air pollutants (PM10, PM2.5, NO2 and SO2) on hospital admissions (HAs) for overall and cause-specific respiratory diseases, as well as the associated burden in 17 cities of Sichuan Basin, China during 2015-2016. Firstly, city-specific effect estimates for each pollutant on respiratory HAs were obtained using generalized additive model with quasi-Poisson link, and then random- or fixed-effects meta-analysis was applied to pool the effect estimates at the regional level. Subgroup analyses by sex, age, season and region were also performed. A total of 757,712 resp...
Source: Environmental Research - August 9, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Qiu H, Yu H, Wang L, Zhu X, Chen M, Zhou L, Deng R, Zhang Y, Pu X, Pan J Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Lifetime-ever pneumonia among pre-school children across China - Associations with pre-natal and post-natal early life environmental factors.
CONCLUSIONS: Perinatal and postnatal exposure to mould, mould odour and window pane condensation at home can be early life risk factors for childhood pneumonia in China. Moreover, pre-natal and post-natal exposure to chemical emissions from new furniture and renovation could increase the risk of childhood pneumonia. Breastfeeding, farm exposure, and living in rural or suburban areas could be protective. PMID: 30121466 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - August 6, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Norbäck D, Lu C, Zhang Y, Li B, Zhao Z, Huang C, Zhang X, Qian H, Sun Y, Sundell J, Wang J, Liu W, Deng Q Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Age-sex specific and sequela-specific disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) due to dental caries preventable through water fluoridation: An assessment at the national and subnational levels in Iran, 2016.
Abstract We assessed disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) due to dental caries preventable through water fluoridation apportioned by sex, age group, sequela, province, and community type in Iran, 2016. The burden of disease due to dental caries was extracted from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016 (GBD 2016) and the caries preventive effect of water fluoridation was calculated using a database of fluoride levels in drinking water. All the preventable DALYs were caused by years lived with disability (YLDs) because of the non-fatal character of dental caries. DALYs and DALY rate (per 100,000 people) preventab...
Source: Environmental Research - August 4, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Abtahi M, Dobaradaran S, Jorfi S, Koolivand A, Mohebbi MR, Montazeri A, Khaloo SS, Keshmiri S, Saeedi R Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

The concentration-response between long-term PM2.5 exposure and mortality; A meta-regression approach.
CONCLUSIONS: This meta-analysis provides strong evidence for the adverse effect of PM2.5 on mortality, that studies with poorer exposure have lower effect size estimates, that more control for SES increases effect size estimates, and that significant effects are seen below 10 µg/m3. The concentration -response function produced here can be further applied in the global health risk assessment of air particulate matter. PMID: 30077140 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - August 1, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Vodonos A, Awad YA, Schwartz J Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Effects of rows arrangement, soil management, and rainfall characteristics on water and soil losses in Italian sloping vineyards.
This study reports the erosive events recorded in two different rain-fed hillslope vineyards with different rows orientation located in the Monferrato region, NW Italy. The study is addressed at compare the effects of different inter-row managements and rainfall characteristics on runoff and soil loss in hillslope vineyards (average slope from 15% to 35%). Rainfall, runoff and erosion variables were monitored in hydraulically bounded vineyard plots, where the inter-rows were managed with tillage and grass cover. Seventy-two erosive events were recorded in the period 1992-1996 in two vineyard plots with rows along the conto...
Source: Environmental Research - July 31, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Bagagiolo G, Biddoccu M, Rabino D, Cavallo E Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Obesity and increased susceptibility to arsenic-related type 2 diabetes in Northern Chile.
Abstract BACKGROUND: The prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) has nearly doubled since 1980. Elevated body mass index (BMI) is the leading risk factor for T2D, mediated by inflammation and oxidative stress. Arsenic shares similar pathogenic processes, and may contribute to hyperglycemia and β-cell dysfunction. OBJECTIVES: We assessed a unique situation of individuals living in Northern Chile with data on lifetime arsenic exposure to evaluate the relationship between arsenic and T2D, and investigate possible interactions with BMI. METHODS: We analyzed data collected from October 2007-December 2010 fro...
Source: Environmental Research - July 27, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Castriota F, Acevedo J, Ferreccio C, Smith AH, Liaw J, Smith MT, Steinmaus C Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Toxics (Pb, Cd) and trace elements (Zn, Cu, Mn) in women during pregnancy and at delivery, South Benin, 2014-2015.
Abstract During pregnancy, fetal development can be hindered by maternal exposure to toxic elements and abnormal concentrations of trace elements. Few data are available in African countries. Our goal was to assess the body burden of lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), manganese (Mn), zinc (Zn) and copper (Cu) in pregnant women in Benin. The study was carried out in Sô-Ava district, from November 2015 to April 2016. Sixty women were recruited from the RECIPAL pre-conceptional cohort study. In all women, blood samples were collected during the first trimester of pregnancy. Thirty-two women had additional maternal and co...
Source: Environmental Research - July 20, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Guy M, Accrombessi M, Fievet N, Yovo E, Massougbodji A, Le Bot B, Glorennec P, Bodeau-Livinec F, Briand V Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Partial replacement of fossil fuels in a cement plant: Assessment of human health risks by metals, metalloids and PCDD/Fs.
Domingo JL Abstract In 2009, a cement plant located in Alcanar (South Catalonia, Spain) started co-processing a special kind of refuse-derived fuel (RDF) called ENERFUEL™. In April 2014 and 2017, 5 and 8 years after RDF co-processing, the concentrations of metals and metalloids (As, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Hg, Mn, Ni, Pb, Sb, Tl, V and Zn) and PCDD/Fs were measured in samples of soils, herbage and air collected in the vicinity of the facility. The comparison of the current concentrations with those obtained in a baseline study (2008), when fossil fuels were used solely, has shown that the environmental concentratio...
Source: Environmental Research - July 19, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Mari M, Rovira J, Sánchez-Soberón F, Nadal M, Schuhmacher M, Domingo JL Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Are ingested plastics a vector of PCB contamination in northern fulmars from coastal Newfoundland and Labrador?
We examined northern fulmars (Fulmarus glacialis) from the Labrador Sea region Canada, and the ingested plastics from these same birds for comparative PCB concentrations. We found no significant correlations between the PCB concentrations in the birds and the mass or number of retained ingested plastic pieces in the stomach, this held true when PCBs were considered by a number of different ways, including ∑4PCB, ∑PCB, lower-chlorinated, high-chlorinated, non-ortho PCB, and mono-ortho congeners. PCB concentrations were lower in plastics as compared with livers. We found significant differences in congener profiles b...
Source: Environmental Research - July 17, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Provencher JF, Avery-Gomm S, Liboiron M, Braune BM, Macaulay JB, Mallory ML, Letcher RJ Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Effect on blood pressure and eye health symptoms in a climate-financed randomized cookstove intervention study in rural India.
CONCLUSIONS: Health benefits were limited due to stacking and lower-than-predicted efficiency of the intervention stove in the field. Stove adoption and use behavior, in addition to stove technology, affects achievement of health co-benefits. Carbon-financing schemes need to align with international guidelines that have been set based on health outcomes to maximize health co-benefits from cookstove interventions. PMID: 30015250 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - July 12, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Aung TW, Baumgartner J, Jain G, Sethuraman K, Reynolds C, Marshall JD, Brauer M Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

The inhalation effects of by-products from chlorination of heated indoor swimming pools on spinal development in pup mice.
CONCLUSION: We have demonstrated the ability to influence spinal development in pup mice through environmental factors and shown that the developmental deformity became evident only after a significant latent period. PMID: 30015251 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - July 12, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: McMaster ME, Ashley-Sing C, Dos Santos Tavares AA, Corral CA, McGill K, McNeil D, Jansen MA, Simpson AHRW Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Association between noise exposure and diabetes: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate an increased risk of diabetes mellitus associated with noise exposure, mainly related to air and road traffic. PMID: 30006240 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - July 10, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Zare Sakhvidi MJ, Zare Sakhvidi F, Mehrparvar AH, Foraster M, Dadvand P Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Contribution of climate and land cover changes to reduction in soil erosion rates within small cultivated catchments in the eastern part of the Russian Plain during the last 60 years.
Abstract The eastern part of the Russian Plain is an important agricultural region of European Russia with high proportion of cultivated lands in the steppe, forest-steppe and forest (southern part) landscape zones. Soil erosion is the main process of land degradation and surface water contamination there. Climate and land cover changes have been observed in this region during the last 30 years. However, field quantitative assessments of soil erosion rates are not available for the eastern part of European Russia due to the lack of monitoring data as well as the evaluation of erosion/deposition processes in cultiv...
Source: Environmental Research - July 9, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Gusarov AV, Golosov VN, Sharifullin AG Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Brain methylmercury uptake in fetal, neonate, weanling, and adult rats.
Abstract Fetuses and neonates are known to be highly susceptible to methylmercury (MeHg) toxicity, but little is known about the relative uptake of MeHg from blood to the developing brain. We measured time-course changes in mercury (Hg) concentrations in the brain of fetal, neonate, weanling, and adult rats after an injection of 0.08 μg (0.4 nmol) Hg/g MeHg. In the prenatal experiment, MeHg was subcutaneously injected to pregnant dams on embryonic days 17, 18, 18.5, 19, 19.5, or 20, and Hg concentrations in tissues were measured in both mothers and fetuses on embryonic day 21 (1 day before parturition). Bra...
Source: Environmental Research - July 5, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sakamoto M, Tatsuta N, Chan HM, Domingo JL, Murata K, Nakai K Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

The health benefits of the great outdoors: A systematic review and meta-analysis of greenspace exposure and health outcomes.
Abstract BACKGROUND: The health benefits of greenspaces have demanded the attention of policymakers since the 1800s. Although much evidence suggests greenspace exposure is beneficial for health, there exists no systematic review and meta-analysis to synthesise and quantify the impact of greenspace on a wide range of health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To quantify evidence of the impact of greenspace on a wide range of health outcomes. METHODS: We searched five online databases and reference lists up to January 2017. Studies satisfying a priori eligibility criteria were evaluated independently by two authors. ...
Source: Environmental Research - July 5, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Twohig-Bennett C, Jones A Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Legionella pneumophila recurrently isolated in a Spanish hospital: Two years of antimicrobial resistance surveillance.
CONCLUSION: Colonization of water systems by Legionella spp. is still occurring, although all the prevention rules were strictly followed. Antibiotic resistance monitoring may help us to find resistance in bacteria with environmental reservoirs but difficult to isolate from patients. The knowledge of the antibiotic susceptibility in environmental strains may help us to predict changes in clinical strains. This study might also help reconsidering Legionnaires' disease (LD) diagnostic methods. L. pneumophila serogroups 2-14 present all along the time of the investigation in the water distribution system can cause LD. However...
Source: Environmental Research - July 5, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Graells T, Hernández-García M, Pérez-Jové J, Guy L, Padilla E Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Assessment of heat- and cold-related emergency department visits in cities of China and Australia: Population vulnerability and attributable burden.
CONCLUSIONS: Exposure to heat and cold had adverse but divergent impacts on EDV in China and Australia. Further mitigation policy efforts incorporating region-specific population vulnerability to temperature impacts are necessary in both countries. PMID: 29982149 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - July 3, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Cheng J, Zhang Y, Zhang W, Xu Z, Bambrick H, Hu W, Tong S Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research