Boosting light-driven CO < sub > 2 < /sub > reduction towards solar fuels: Mainstream avenues for engineering ZnO-based photocatalysts
Environ Res. 2021 Apr 6:111134. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.111134. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe realization of artificial photosynthesis in the photocatalytic CO2 transformation into valuable chemicals or solar fuels (such as CO, CH4, HCOOH, and CH3OH) by solar-light harvesting is a promising solution to both global-warming and energy-supply issues. Recently, zinc oxide (ZnO) has emerged as an excellent oxidative photocatalyst among non-titanium metal oxide due to its availability, outstanding semiconducting and optical properties, non-toxicity, affordability, and ease of synthesis. However, its wide bandgap and inabi...
Source: Environmental Research - April 9, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Shilpa Patial Rohit Kumar Pankaj Raizada Pardeep Singh Quyet Van Le Eric Lichtfouse Dang Le Tri Nguyen Van-Huy Nguyen Source Type: research

Impacts of climate variations on non-stationarity of streamflow over Canada
In this study, tempo-spatial and scaling effects in the impacts of 18 climate variations on nonstationary streamflow for 279 watersheds across Canada are explored. Specifically, the change point and trends of streamflow are examined through Pettitt's test and Mann-Kendall test. Spatial patterns of correlations between the climate variations and flow rates over Canada, especially their non-stationarity, are investigated at seasonal and decadal scales. The patterns are also quantified by seven spatial classification algorithms under method uncertainty. A series of findings regarding the impacts are revealed. For instance, no...
Source: Environmental Research - April 8, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: F Wang G H Huang G H Cheng Y P Li Source Type: research

Novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic: From transmission to control with an interdisciplinary vision
Environ Res. 2021 Apr 5:111126. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.111126. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThere a lot of review papers addressing specific COVID-19 research sectors, then devoted to specialists. This review provides an in-depth summary of the available information about SARS-CoV-2 and the corresponding disease (also known as COVID-19), with a multi-disciplinary approach. After the paper introduction, the first section treats the virological characteristics of SARS-CoV-2, the medical implications of the infection, and the human susceptivity. Great attention is devoted to the factor affecting the infection routes, dis...
Source: Environmental Research - April 8, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Uttpal Anand Carlo Cabreros Joyabrata Mal Florencio Ballesteros Mika Sillanp ää Vijay Tripathi Elza Bontempi Source Type: research

Comparison of nitrogen and VFA removal pathways in autotrophic and organotrophic anammox reactors
Environ Res. 2021 Apr 5:111065. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.111065. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOrganotrophic anammox is a promising process for treating both nitrogen and organic containing wastewater than that of the traditional autotrophic anammox for sole nitrogen removal. However pathways of nitrogen removal particularly at metagenomic level in both processes are still unknown. Here we report, metabolic pathways of nitrogen removal in two lab-scale sequencing batch reactors (SBR), one autotrophic and another organotrophic (TOC/TN=0.1) anammox bacteria incubated over 220 days. Both reactors showed satisfactory nitroge...
Source: Environmental Research - April 8, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Xuejiao Yin Md Hasibur Rahaman Wenbo Liu Jacek M ąkinia Jun Zhai Source Type: research

Future scenarios impact on land use change and habitat quality in Lithuania
Environ Res. 2021 Apr 5:111101. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.111101. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAnticipating future land use and land cover (LULC) changes can improve our knowledge of the complexity of human-environment interactions that lead to transformations in the landscape. Therefore, it is key to understand these LULC changes under different scenarios and how they affect habitat quality (HQ) a key indicator for ecosystem services (ES) supply quality. This work aims to study the impacts of LULC changes under different scenarios: business as usual (A0), urbanisation (A1), land abandonment and afforestation (A2) and ag...
Source: Environmental Research - April 8, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Eduardo Gomes Miguel In ácio Kata žyna Bogdzevič Marius Kalinauskas Donalda Karnauskait ė Paulo Pereira Source Type: research

Impacts of climate variations on non-stationarity of streamflow over Canada
In this study, tempo-spatial and scaling effects in the impacts of 18 climate variations on nonstationary streamflow for 279 watersheds across Canada are explored. Specifically, the change point and trends of streamflow are examined through Pettitt's test and Mann-Kendall test. Spatial patterns of correlations between the climate variations and flow rates over Canada, especially their non-stationarity, are investigated at seasonal and decadal scales. The patterns are also quantified by seven spatial classification algorithms under method uncertainty. A series of findings regarding the impacts are revealed. For instance, no...
Source: Environmental Research - April 8, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: F Wang G H Huang G H Cheng Y P Li Source Type: research

Novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic: From transmission to control with an interdisciplinary vision
Environ Res. 2021 Apr 5:111126. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.111126. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThere a lot of review papers addressing specific COVID-19 research sectors, then devoted to specialists. This review provides an in-depth summary of the available information about SARS-CoV-2 and the corresponding disease (also known as COVID-19), with a multi-disciplinary approach. After the paper introduction, the first section treats the virological characteristics of SARS-CoV-2, the medical implications of the infection, and the human susceptivity. Great attention is devoted to the factor affecting the infection routes, dis...
Source: Environmental Research - April 8, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Uttpal Anand Carlo Cabreros Joyabrata Mal Florencio Ballesteros Mika Sillanp ää Vijay Tripathi Elza Bontempi Source Type: research

Comparison of nitrogen and VFA removal pathways in autotrophic and organotrophic anammox reactors
Environ Res. 2021 Apr 5:111065. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.111065. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOrganotrophic anammox is a promising process for treating both nitrogen and organic containing wastewater than that of the traditional autotrophic anammox for sole nitrogen removal. However pathways of nitrogen removal particularly at metagenomic level in both processes are still unknown. Here we report, metabolic pathways of nitrogen removal in two lab-scale sequencing batch reactors (SBR), one autotrophic and another organotrophic (TOC/TN=0.1) anammox bacteria incubated over 220 days. Both reactors showed satisfactory nitroge...
Source: Environmental Research - April 8, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Xuejiao Yin Md Hasibur Rahaman Wenbo Liu Jacek M ąkinia Jun Zhai Source Type: research

Future scenarios impact on land use change and habitat quality in Lithuania
Environ Res. 2021 Apr 5:111101. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.111101. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAnticipating future land use and land cover (LULC) changes can improve our knowledge of the complexity of human-environment interactions that lead to transformations in the landscape. Therefore, it is key to understand these LULC changes under different scenarios and how they affect habitat quality (HQ) a key indicator for ecosystem services (ES) supply quality. This work aims to study the impacts of LULC changes under different scenarios: business as usual (A0), urbanisation (A1), land abandonment and afforestation (A2) and ag...
Source: Environmental Research - April 8, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Eduardo Gomes Miguel In ácio Kata žyna Bogdzevič Marius Kalinauskas Donalda Karnauskait ė Paulo Pereira Source Type: research

Effect of arsenic-contaminated irrigation water on growth and elemental composition of tomato and cabbage cultivated in three different soils, and related health risk assessment
This study was carried out to determine the effect of arsenic on tomato and cabbage cultivated in sand, sandy silt, and silt soil, and irrigated with water containing arsenic at concentrations 0.05 and 0.2 mg/L. Increasing arsenic in irrigation water did not affect the photosynthetic machinery. The chlorophyll content index increased in case of all soils and was dependent on the soil nitrogen, phosphorous, and plant biomass. Arsenic concentrations of 0.05 and 0.2 mg/L did not display any phytotoxic symptoms other than reduction in biomass in some cases. In cabbage, arsenic treatment of 0.2 mg/L increased the overall plant ...
Source: Environmental Research - April 7, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sirat Sandil Mih ály Óvári P éter Dobosy Vikt ória Vetési Anett Endr édi Anita Tak ács Anna F üzy Gyula Z áray Source Type: research

Effect of arsenic-contaminated irrigation water on growth and elemental composition of tomato and cabbage cultivated in three different soils, and related health risk assessment
This study was carried out to determine the effect of arsenic on tomato and cabbage cultivated in sand, sandy silt, and silt soil, and irrigated with water containing arsenic at concentrations 0.05 and 0.2 mg/L. Increasing arsenic in irrigation water did not affect the photosynthetic machinery. The chlorophyll content index increased in case of all soils and was dependent on the soil nitrogen, phosphorous, and plant biomass. Arsenic concentrations of 0.05 and 0.2 mg/L did not display any phytotoxic symptoms other than reduction in biomass in some cases. In cabbage, arsenic treatment of 0.2 mg/L increased the overall plant ...
Source: Environmental Research - April 7, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sirat Sandil Mih ály Óvári P éter Dobosy Vikt ória Vetési Anett Endr édi Anita Tak ács Anna F üzy Gyula Z áray Source Type: research

Are temporal trends of some persistent organochlorine and organobromine compounds in Swedish breast milk slowing down?
Environ Res. 2021 Apr 3:111117. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.111117. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTWe investigated body burdens of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in Swedish first-time mothers by measurements in breast milk, and followed up the temporal trends between 1996 and 2017. POPs were analysed in individual samples (n=539) from participants from Uppsala county, Sweden. This made it possible to adjust temporal trends for age of the mother, pre-pregnancy BMI, weight gain during pregnancy, weight loss after delivery, and education, the main determinants for POP body burdens, apart from sampling year. We also compar...
Source: Environmental Research - April 6, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Irina Gyllenhammar Marie Aune Ulrika Frid én Tatiana Cantillana Anders Bignert Sanna Lignell Anders Glynn Source Type: research

Considering Environmental Exposures to Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS) as Risk Factors for Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy
Environ Res. 2021 Apr 3:111113. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.111113. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTHypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP), including preeclampsia and gestational hypertension, lead to significant maternal morbidity and in some cases, maternal mortality. Environmental toxicants, especially those that disrupt normal placental and endothelial function, are emerging as potential risk factors for HDP. Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are a large group of ubiquitous chemicals found in consumer products, the environment, and increasingly in drinking water. PFAS have been associated with a multitude of a...
Source: Environmental Research - April 6, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Abigail Erinc Melinda B Davis Vasantha Padmanabhan Elizabeth Langen Jaclyn M Goodrich Source Type: research

Experimental studies on water matrix and Influence of textile effluents on photocatalytic degradation of organic wastewater using Fe-TiO < sub > 2 < /sub > nanotubes: Towards commercial application
Environ Res. 2021 Apr 3:111120. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.111120. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe application of photocatalysis for the effective removal of textile dyes is dependent on various parameters related with both water quality and different chemicals discharge during the dying process. Because the oxidation rates of the particular mixtures mainly influenced by the elements of the water matrix. These elements comprised of organic, inorganic salts, heavy metals, and ions. The impact of water matrices (Tap water, DI water, seawater, surface water, and ultra-pure water) on the Congo red decolorization, total organ...
Source: Environmental Research - April 6, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Zulakha Zafar Rida Fatima Jong-Oh Kim Source Type: research

Per- and polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS) as Contaminants of Emerging Concern in Asia's Freshwater Resources
Environ Res. 2021 Apr 3:111122. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.111122. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe occurrence of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) in water resources is an emerging concern because of their environmental persistence and bioaccumulation in humans. In Western countries, health advisories regarding PFAS exposure have been released to warn the public of its potential adverse effects. However, awareness regarding PFAS exposure in Asia is still at its infancy as reflected by the minimal safeguards imposed to protect the population from exposure. Here, we reviewed studies on PFAS contamination in Asia w...
Source: Environmental Research - April 6, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Jobriell C Baluyot Emmanuel Marc C Reyes Michael C Velarde Source Type: research

Photolytic Fate of (E)- and (Z)-Endoxifen in Water and Treated Wastewater Exposed to Sunlight
This study elucidated the fate and susceptibility of (E)- and (Z)-endoxifen (2 μg mL-1, 1:1 weight ratio between the two easily interchangeable isomers) in wastewater and receiving surface water to sunlight. Phototransformation by-products (PBPs) and their toxicity were determined. Sunlight reduced at least 83% of endoxifen concentration in wastewater samples, whereas in surface water samples, 60% of endoxifen was photodegraded after 180 min of the irradiation. In ultrapure water samples spiked with endoxifen, PBPs were mainly generated via con-rotatory 6π-photocyclization, followed by oxidative aromatization. These ...
Source: Environmental Research - April 6, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Marina Ari ño Martin Jayaraman Sivaguru John McEvoy Prinpida Sonthiphand Eakalak Khan Source Type: research

Global PM2.5-attributable health burden from 1990 to 2017: estimates from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017
CONCLUSION: In conclusion, ambient PM2.5-attributable NCDs have threatened public health in middle and low SDI countries, while household PM2.5-attributable LRI still caused the largest burden in low SDI countries. More positive strategies should be tailored to reduce PM2.5-attributable burdens considering specific settings globally.PMID:33823194 | DOI:10.1016/j.envres.2021.111123 (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - April 6, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Xiang Bu Zhonglei Xie Jing Liu Linyan Wei Xiqiang Wang Mingwei Chen Hui Ren Source Type: research

Differences between cigarette smoking and biomass smoke exposure: An in silico comparative assessment of particulate deposition in the lungs
In this study, we assessed the lung deposition from biomass and cigarette smoke exposures and examined whether differences due to inherently different particle size distributions and inhalation conditions may contribute to the differences between biomass- and tobacco-related COPD phenotypes. Using high-fidelity three-dimensional computational fluid-particle dynamics in a representative upper airway geometry, coupled to one-dimensional models of the lower airways, we computed total deposited doses and examined regional deposition patterns based on exposure data from a randomized control trial in Peru and from the literature...
Source: Environmental Research - April 6, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Laura Nicolaou William Checkley Source Type: research

Selected restrictions in specific places are better policy responses than full lockdown
Environ Res. 2021 Apr 2:111099. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.111099. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe goal of this study is a comparative analysis of the first and second wave of the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) to assess the impact on health of people for designing effective policy responses to constrain negative effects of future infectious diseases similar to COVID-19 in society. The research here focuses on a case study of Italy, one of the first countries to experience a rapid increase in numbers of COVID-19 related infected individuals and deaths. Statistical analyses, based on daily data from February 2020 to ...
Source: Environmental Research - April 5, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Mario Coccia Source Type: research

Selected restrictions in specific places are better policy responses than full lockdown
Environ Res. 2021 Apr 2:111099. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.111099. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe goal of this study is a comparative analysis of the first and second wave of the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) to assess the impact on health of people for designing effective policy responses to constrain negative effects of future infectious diseases similar to COVID-19 in society. The research here focuses on a case study of Italy, one of the first countries to experience a rapid increase in numbers of COVID-19 related infected individuals and deaths. Statistical analyses, based on daily data from February 2020 to ...
Source: Environmental Research - April 5, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Mario Coccia Source Type: research

How do pollutants change post-pandemic? Evidence from changes in five key pollutants in nine Chinese cities most affected by the COVID-19
Environ Res. 2021 Apr 1:111108. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.111108. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTUnder the COVID-19 global pandemic, China has weakened the large-scale spread of the epidemic through lockdown and other measures. At the same time, with the recovery of social production activities, China has become the only country among the major economies that will achieve positive growth in 2020. It has entered the post epidemic period. These measures have improved the local environmental quality. However, whether this improvement can be sustained is also a problem that needs to be solved. So, this study investigated the c...
Source: Environmental Research - April 4, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Qiang Wang Xuan Yang Source Type: research

A review on the emerging applications of cellulose, cellulose derivatives and nanocellulose in carbon capture
Environ Res. 2021 Apr 1:111100. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.111100. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTCarbon capture can be implemented at a large scale only if the CO2 selective materials are abundantly available at low cost. Since the sustainable requirement also elevated, the low-cost and biodegradable cellulosic materials are developed into CO2 selective adsorbent and membranes recently. The applications of cellulose, cellulosic derivatives and nanocellulose as CO2 selective adsorbents and membranes are reviewed here. The fabrication and modification strategies are discussed besides comparing their CO2 separation performanc...
Source: Environmental Research - April 4, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: H ồ Ngô Anh Đào C P Leo Source Type: research

Interactions between magnetic particles and polyaluminum chloride on the coagulation behavior in humic acid-kaolin synthetic water treatment
This study provides new insights into the interaction mechanism of MPs and PACl in the MSC process.PMID:33812872 | DOI:10.1016/j.envres.2021.111093 (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - April 4, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Miao Lv Tongtong Liu Fan Chen Zhaohan Zhang Dongyi Li Muchen Sun Yujie Feng Source Type: research

Sources of indoor PM < sub > 2.5 < /sub > gross α and β activities measured in 340 homes
This study investigated sources contributing to indoor PM2.5 gross α- and β-radioactivity levels. We measured activity from long-lived radon progeny radionuclides from archived PM2.5 samples collected in 340 homes in Massachusetts during the period 2006 - 2010. We analyzed the data using linear mixed effects models and positive matrix factorization (PMF) analysis. Indoor PM2.5 gross α-activity levels were correlated with sulfur (S), iron (Fe), bromine (Br), vanadium (V), sodium (Na), lead (Pb), potassium (K), calcium (Ca), silicon (Si), zinc (Zn), arsenic (As), titanium (Ti), radon (222Rn) and black carbon...
Source: Environmental Research - April 4, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Vasileios N Matthaios Man Liu Longxiang Li Choong-Min Kang Carolina L Z Vieira Diane R Gold Petros Koutrakis Source Type: research

Semen quality and windows of susceptibility: A case study during COVID-19 outbreak in China
CONCLUSION(S): Male exposure to different air pollutants have different correlations with semen quality parameters during different exposure windows of spermatogenesis. Findings from current study help to further elucidate the importance of sensitive periods during spermatogenesis and could provide evidence for future intervention in male fertility.PMID:33812874 | DOI:10.1016/j.envres.2021.111085 (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - April 4, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tingting Yang Li Deng Boyu Sun Shifu Zhang Yang Xian Xiao Xiao Yu Zhan Kehui Xu Jonathan Buonocore Ya Tang Fuping Li Yang Qiu Source Type: research

Combination of Microwave Discharge Electrodeless Lamp and a TiO < sub > 2 < /sub > /HZSM-5 Composite for the Photocatalytic Degradation of Dimethyl Sulphide
In this study, an integrated photocatalytic system consisting of a microwave discharge electrodeless lamp (MDEL) and TiO2/HZSM-5 was established to investigate the intensified degradation of dimethyl sulphide (DMS). The system targets optimisation of the reactive oxygen species (ROS) and photocatalytic degradation pathways without catalyst deactivation. TiO2/HZSM-5, containing highly dispersed TiO2 nanoparticles, was prepared through the sol-gel method. TiO2/HZSM-5 exhibits strong acidity and can adsorb DMS in multiple adsorption forms. Thus, the adsorption capacity of TiO2/HZSM-5 is 20 and 53 times higher than that of Aer...
Source: Environmental Research - April 4, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Zhen Zhu Jiang Yu Source Type: research

Prediction of batch sorption of barium and strontium from saline water
Environ Res. 2021 Apr 1:111107. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.111107. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTCelestite and barite formation results in contamination of barium and strontium ions hinder oilfield water purification. Conversion of bio-waste sorbent products deals with a viable, sustainable and clean remediation approach for removing contaminants. Biochar sorbent produced from rice straw was used to remove barium and strontium ions of saline water from petroleum industries. The removal efficiency depends on biochar amount, pH, contact time, temperature, and Ba/Sr concentration ratio. The interactions and effects of these p...
Source: Environmental Research - April 4, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: B S Reddy A K Maurya V E Sathishkumar P L Narayana M H Reddy Alaa Baazeem Kwon-Koo Cho N S Reddy Source Type: research

Synergetic effect of Sn doped ZnO nanoparticles synthesized via ultrasonication technique and its photocatalytic and antibacterial activity
Environ Res. 2021 Apr 1:111115. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.111115. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe current work reports the photocatalytic and antibacterial performance of tin (Sn) doped zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles synthesized via ultrasonic aided co-precipitation technique. The increase of Sn concentration decreased the lattice parameter and increased the crystallite size without changing the ZnO structure. The hexagonal shaped particles and sheets obtained for 3% and 5% Sn substituted ZnO, respectively. The increase of dopant concentration reduced the reflectance and optical band gap energy of Sn doped ZnO. The vibr...
Source: Environmental Research - April 4, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Steplinpaulselvin Selvinsimpson Gnanamozhi P Pandiyan V Mani Govindasamy Mohamed A Habila Najla AlMasoud Yong Chen Source Type: research

Exposure to biomass fuel is associated with high blood pressure and fasting blood glucose impairment in females in southern rural China
Environ Res. 2021 Apr 1:111072. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.111072. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVES: We sought to investigate the association between household exposure to biomass fuel and metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components including blood pressure, triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), fasting blood glucose (FBG) and waist circumference among females in southern rural China.METHODS: We surveyed 1664 residents in the Chronic Disease and Risk Factors Surveillance, conducted in 14 districts of Guangdong province. We recorded the use of biomass fuel, MetS and its components, and ot...
Source: Environmental Research - April 4, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Xue-Yan Zheng Si-Li Tang Wei-Jie Guan Shu-Li Ma Chuan Li Yan-Jun Xu Rui-Lin Meng Li-Feng Lin Source Type: research

How do pollutants change post-pandemic? Evidence from changes in five key pollutants in nine Chinese cities most affected by the COVID-19
Environ Res. 2021 Apr 1:111108. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.111108. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTUnder the COVID-19 global pandemic, China has weakened the large-scale spread of the epidemic through lockdown and other measures. At the same time, with the recovery of social production activities, China has become the only country among the major economies that will achieve positive growth in 2020. It has entered the post epidemic period. These measures have improved the local environmental quality. However, whether this improvement can be sustained is also a problem that needs to be solved. So, this study investigated the c...
Source: Environmental Research - April 4, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Qiang Wang Xuan Yang Source Type: research

A review on the emerging applications of cellulose, cellulose derivatives and nanocellulose in carbon capture
Environ Res. 2021 Apr 1:111100. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.111100. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTCarbon capture can be implemented at a large scale only if the CO2 selective materials are abundantly available at low cost. Since the sustainable requirement also elevated, the low-cost and biodegradable cellulosic materials are developed into CO2 selective adsorbent and membranes recently. The applications of cellulose, cellulosic derivatives and nanocellulose as CO2 selective adsorbents and membranes are reviewed here. The fabrication and modification strategies are discussed besides comparing their CO2 separation performanc...
Source: Environmental Research - April 4, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: H ồ Ngô Anh Đào C P Leo Source Type: research

Interactions between magnetic particles and polyaluminum chloride on the coagulation behavior in humic acid-kaolin synthetic water treatment
This study provides new insights into the interaction mechanism of MPs and PACl in the MSC process.PMID:33812872 | DOI:10.1016/j.envres.2021.111093 (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - April 4, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Miao Lv Tongtong Liu Fan Chen Zhaohan Zhang Dongyi Li Muchen Sun Yujie Feng Source Type: research

Sources of indoor PM < sub > 2.5 < /sub > gross α and β activities measured in 340 homes
This study investigated sources contributing to indoor PM2.5 gross α- and β-radioactivity levels. We measured activity from long-lived radon progeny radionuclides from archived PM2.5 samples collected in 340 homes in Massachusetts during the period 2006 - 2010. We analyzed the data using linear mixed effects models and positive matrix factorization (PMF) analysis. Indoor PM2.5 gross α-activity levels were correlated with sulfur (S), iron (Fe), bromine (Br), vanadium (V), sodium (Na), lead (Pb), potassium (K), calcium (Ca), silicon (Si), zinc (Zn), arsenic (As), titanium (Ti), radon (222Rn) and black carbon...
Source: Environmental Research - April 4, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Vasileios N Matthaios Man Liu Longxiang Li Choong-Min Kang Carolina L Z Vieira Diane R Gold Petros Koutrakis Source Type: research

Semen quality and windows of susceptibility: A case study during COVID-19 outbreak in China
CONCLUSION(S): Male exposure to different air pollutants have different correlations with semen quality parameters during different exposure windows of spermatogenesis. Findings from current study help to further elucidate the importance of sensitive periods during spermatogenesis and could provide evidence for future intervention in male fertility.PMID:33812874 | DOI:10.1016/j.envres.2021.111085 (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - April 4, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tingting Yang Li Deng Boyu Sun Shifu Zhang Yang Xian Xiao Xiao Yu Zhan Kehui Xu Jonathan Buonocore Ya Tang Fuping Li Yang Qiu Source Type: research

Combination of Microwave Discharge Electrodeless Lamp and a TiO < sub > 2 < /sub > /HZSM-5 Composite for the Photocatalytic Degradation of Dimethyl Sulphide
In this study, an integrated photocatalytic system consisting of a microwave discharge electrodeless lamp (MDEL) and TiO2/HZSM-5 was established to investigate the intensified degradation of dimethyl sulphide (DMS). The system targets optimisation of the reactive oxygen species (ROS) and photocatalytic degradation pathways without catalyst deactivation. TiO2/HZSM-5, containing highly dispersed TiO2 nanoparticles, was prepared through the sol-gel method. TiO2/HZSM-5 exhibits strong acidity and can adsorb DMS in multiple adsorption forms. Thus, the adsorption capacity of TiO2/HZSM-5 is 20 and 53 times higher than that of Aer...
Source: Environmental Research - April 4, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Zhen Zhu Jiang Yu Source Type: research

Prediction of batch sorption of barium and strontium from saline water
Environ Res. 2021 Apr 1:111107. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.111107. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTCelestite and barite formation results in contamination of barium and strontium ions hinder oilfield water purification. Conversion of bio-waste sorbent products deals with a viable, sustainable and clean remediation approach for removing contaminants. Biochar sorbent produced from rice straw was used to remove barium and strontium ions of saline water from petroleum industries. The removal efficiency depends on biochar amount, pH, contact time, temperature, and Ba/Sr concentration ratio. The interactions and effects of these p...
Source: Environmental Research - April 4, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: B S Reddy A K Maurya V E Sathishkumar P L Narayana M H Reddy Alaa Baazeem Kwon-Koo Cho N S Reddy Source Type: research

Synergetic effect of Sn doped ZnO nanoparticles synthesized via ultrasonication technique and its photocatalytic and antibacterial activity
Environ Res. 2021 Apr 1:111115. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.111115. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe current work reports the photocatalytic and antibacterial performance of tin (Sn) doped zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles synthesized via ultrasonic aided co-precipitation technique. The increase of Sn concentration decreased the lattice parameter and increased the crystallite size without changing the ZnO structure. The hexagonal shaped particles and sheets obtained for 3% and 5% Sn substituted ZnO, respectively. The increase of dopant concentration reduced the reflectance and optical band gap energy of Sn doped ZnO. The vibr...
Source: Environmental Research - April 4, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Steplinpaulselvin Selvinsimpson Gnanamozhi P Pandiyan V Mani Govindasamy Mohamed A Habila Najla AlMasoud Yong Chen Source Type: research

Exposure to biomass fuel is associated with high blood pressure and fasting blood glucose impairment in females in southern rural China
Environ Res. 2021 Apr 1:111072. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.111072. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVES: We sought to investigate the association between household exposure to biomass fuel and metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components including blood pressure, triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), fasting blood glucose (FBG) and waist circumference among females in southern rural China.METHODS: We surveyed 1664 residents in the Chronic Disease and Risk Factors Surveillance, conducted in 14 districts of Guangdong province. We recorded the use of biomass fuel, MetS and its components, and ot...
Source: Environmental Research - April 4, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Xue-Yan Zheng Si-Li Tang Wei-Jie Guan Shu-Li Ma Chuan Li Yan-Jun Xu Rui-Lin Meng Li-Feng Lin Source Type: research

The Structural equivalence of tourism cooperative network in the Belt and Road Initiative Area
This study constructed the international tourism cooperation network (ITCN) in the Belt and Road Initiative area and further analyzed the structural equivalence of the tourism cooperative network by block-modeling approach through Convergence of iterated Correlations CONCOR algorithm in UCINET 6 data set. The results displayed the layout of subgroups: The East Europe, North Asia-Pacific and South Asia were in core positions; Middle East, the Americas and Africa were at margins of the network. Besides, each inter-block relational pattern and the status of each block had been presented. The sociogram of inter-block density h...
Source: Environmental Research - April 3, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Jianyin Bai Yin Chen Yong Long Source Type: research

Tetracycline-induced decoupling of symbiosis in microalgal-bacterial granular sludge
This study investigated the influence of tetracycline on non-aerated microalgal-bacterial granular sludge cultivated for municipal wastewater treatment. It was found that ammonia-N removal rate decreased at the tetracycline concentrations of 1 and 10 mg/L. A mass balance on nitrogen further revealed that the observed ammonia-N removal could be mainly attributed to microalgal assimilation which was inhibited by tetracycline at the concentrations studied. In fact, reduced production of chlorophyll in microalgae was observed in the presence of tetracycline, leading to decreased ammonia-N removal rate. Meanwhile, decreased dis...
Source: Environmental Research - April 3, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Shulian Wang Bin Ji Meng Zhang Jun Gu Yingqun Ma Yu Liu Source Type: research

Urinary excretion of herbicide co-formulants after oral exposure to Roundup MON 52276 in rats
Environ Res. 2021 Mar 31:111103. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.111103. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe toxicity of surfactants, which are an integral component of glyphosate-formulated products is an underexplored and highly debated subject. Since biomonitoring human exposure to glyphosate co-formulants is considered as a public health priority, we developed and validated a high-resolution mass spectrometry method to measure the urinary excretion of surfactants present in Roundup MON 52276, the European Union (EU) representative formulation of glyphosate-based herbicides. Quantification was performed measuring the 5 most ab...
Source: Environmental Research - April 3, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Robin Mesnage Francesca Mazzacuva Anna Caldwell John Halket Michael N Antoniou Source Type: research

SARS-CoV-2 infection incidence during the first and second COVID-19 waves in Italy
Environ Res. 2021 Mar 31:111097. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.111097. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTWe assessed the relation between Covid-19 waves in Italy, which was severely affected during the pandemic. We evaluated the hypothesis that a larger impact from the first wave (February-March 2020) predicts a smaller peak during the second wave (September-October), in the absence of local changes in public health interventions and area-specific differences in time trends of environmental parameters. Based on publicly available data on province-specific SARS-CoV-2 infections and both crude and multivariable cubic spline regress...
Source: Environmental Research - April 3, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Marco Vinceti Tommaso Filippini Kenneth J Rothman Silvia Di Federico Nicola Orsini Source Type: research

Particle electrode materials dependent Tetrabromobisphenol A degradation in three-dimensional biofilm electrode reactors
In this study, the electroactive biofilm is cultured and acclimated on two types of particle electrodes, granular activated carbon (GAC) and granular zeolite (GZ), to degrade the target pollutant TBBPA in 3DBERs. Compared to GZ, GAC materials are more favorable for biofilm formation in terms of high specific surface area and good conductivity. The genus of Thauera is efficiently enriched on both GAC and GZ particles, whose growth is promoted by the electricity. By applying 5 V voltage, TBBPA can be removed by over 95% in 120 min whether packing GAC or GZ particle electrodes in 3DBERs. The synergy of electricity and biofilm...
Source: Environmental Research - April 3, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Xiu-Yan Li Pin Peng Wei-Kang Wang Si-Yuan Wang Lei Feng Yan-Chen Zhang Juan Xu Source Type: research

Residential Proximity to Pesticide Application as a Risk Factor for Childhood Central Nervous System Tumors
CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that exposure to certain pesticides through residential proximity to agricultural applications during pregnancy may increase the risk of childhood central nervous system tumors.PMID:33798513 | DOI:10.1016/j.envres.2021.111078 (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - April 2, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Christina Lombardi Shiraya Thompson Beate Ritz Myles Cockburn Julia E Heck Source Type: research

Soil erosion modelling: A bibliometric analysis
This study revealed that the selection of the soil erosion model has the largest impact on the number of publication citations, followed by the modelling scale and the publication's CiteScore. Some of the other GASEMT database attributes such as model calibration and validation have negligible influence on the number of citations according to the BRT model. Although it is true that studies that conduct calibration, on average, received around 30% more citations, than studies where calibration was not performed. Moreover, the bibliographic coupling and citation networks show a clear continental pattern, although the co-auth...
Source: Environmental Research - April 2, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Nejc Bezak Matja ž Mikoš Pasquale Borrelli Christine Alewell Pablo Alvarez Jamil Alexandre Ayach Anache Jantiene Baartman Cristiano Ballabio Marcella Biddoccu Artemi Cerd à Devraj Chalise Songchao Chen Walter Chen Anna Maria De Girolamo Gizaw Desta Ges Source Type: research

Association between short-term ambient air pollution and outpatient visits of anxiety: A hospital-based study in northwestern China
Environ Res. 2021 Mar 31:111071. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.111071. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAnxiety, a common and devastating mental disorder, has raised widespread interests. The impacts of air pollution on physical health are well known, whereas few studies have explored the association of atmospheric pollution, especially short-term air pollution exposure, with the risk of anxiety disorders. In addition, there are increasing concerns in emerging evidence supporting a possible etiological link. Therefore, our aim was to evaluate the relationship between short-term exposure to atmospheric pollutants and anxiety outp...
Source: Environmental Research - April 2, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Yu-Meng Zhou Yan-Ni Fan Chun-Yan Yao Chen Xu Xiao-Ling Liu Xiang Li Wei-Jia Xie Zheng Chen Xiao-Yue Jia Ting-Ting Xia Ya-Fei Li Ai-Ling Ji Tong-Jian Cai Source Type: research

Robust magnetic ZnO-Fe < sub > 2 < /sub > O < sub > 3 < /sub > Z-scheme hetereojunctions with in-built metal-redox for high performance photo-degradation of sulfamethoxazole and electrochemical Dopamine detection
This study is beneficial because it reports utilization of popular and well-tested semiconductor metal oxides to form heterojunctions with dual capabilities of environmental detoxification and cost-effective electrochemical detection of biomolecules.PMID:33798516 | DOI:10.1016/j.envres.2021.111074 (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - April 2, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Pooja Dhiman Amit Kumar Mehdihasan Shekh Gaurav Sharma Garima Rana Dai-Viet N Vo Najla Saad Almasoud Mu Naushad Zeid A AlOthman Source Type: research

METABOLIC pathways, alterations in MIRNAS expression and effects of genetic polymorphisms of bisphenol a analogues: A SYSTEMATIC review
Environ Res. 2021 Mar 30:111062. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.111062. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBisphenol A (BPA) is one of the most common endocrine disruptors found in the environment and its harmful health effects in humans and wildlife have been extensively reported One of the main aims of this review was to examine the metabolic pathways of BPA and BPA substitutes and the endocrine disrupting properties of their metabolites. According to the available literature, phase I and phase II metabolic reactions play an important role in the detoxification process of bisphenols (BPs), but their metabolism can also lead to th...
Source: Environmental Research - April 2, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Viviana Ram írez Yolanda G álvez-Ontiveros Patricia Porras-Quesada Luis Javier Martinez-Gonzalez Ana Rivas Mar ía Jesús Álvarez-Cubero Source Type: research

Metabolomic mechanisms of short chain chlorinated paraffins toxicity in rats
In this study, a UPLC-Q-TOF-MS based plasma metabolomics approach was used to investigate the toxicity of SCCPs in rats. Liver and kidney injury occurred rapidly after high-dose SCCP exposure, and the most relevant pathways affected were energy metabolism, amino acid metabolism, glycerophospholipid metabolism, nucleotide metabolism, and vitamin B metabolism. Exposure to SCCPs inhibited the tricarboxylic acid cycle and accelerated degradation. Fluctuating levels of phospholipids and nucleotides may have contributed to the neurotoxicity of SCCPs. In addition, the down regulation of folic acid induced by SCCPs may have led to...
Source: Environmental Research - April 2, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Lixin Yang Yinping Liu Ze Cui Yongmao Zhang Jianbo Zhang Kaoqi Lian Source Type: research

The Relationship between Traffic-Related Air Pollution Exposures and Allostatic Load Score among Youth with Type 1 Diabetes in the SEARCH Cohort
Environ Res. 2021 Mar 30:111075. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.111075. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: We investigated the effects of chronic exposures to particulate and traffic-related air pollution on allostatic load (AL) score, a marker of cumulative biological risk, among youth with type 1 diabetes.RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Participants were drawn from five clinical sites of the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth (SEARCH) study (n=2,338). Baseline questionnaires, anthropometric measures, and a fasting blood test were taken at a clinic visit between 2001 and 2005. AL was operationalized using 10 biomarkers reflectin...
Source: Environmental Research - April 2, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Jessica A Montresor-L ópez Stephanie R Reading Jeffrey D Yanosky Murray A Mittleman Ronny A Bell Tessa L Crume Dana Dabelea Lawrence Dolan Ralph B D'Agostino Santica M Marcovina Catherine Pihoker Kristi Reynolds Elaine Urbina Angela D Liese Lesliam Quir Source Type: research