Critical windows of perinatal particulate matter (PM < sub > 2.5 < /sub > ) exposure and preadolescent kidney function
Environ Res. 2021 Sep 16:112062. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.112062. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAir pollution exposure, especially particulate matter ≤2.5 μm in diameter (PM2.5), is associated with poorer kidney function in adults and children. Perinatal exposure may occur during susceptible periods of nephron development. We used distributed lag nonlinear models (DLNMs) to examine time-varying associations between early life daily PM2.5 exposure (periconceptional through age 8 years) and kidney parameters in preadolescent children aged 8-10 years. Participants included 427 mother-child dyads enrolled in the PROGRE...
Source: Environmental Research - September 19, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Maria Jos é Rosa Maria D Politis Marcela Tamayo-Ortiz Elena Colicino Ivan Pantic Guadalupe Estrada-Gutierrez Mari Cruz Tolentino Aurora Espejel-Nu ñez Maritsa Solano-Gonzalez Itai Kloog Nadya Rivera Rivera Andrea A Baccarelli Martha M Tellez-Rojo Robert Source Type: research

Synthesis and characterization of ZnGa < sub > 2 < /sub > O < sub > 4 < /sub > composites and its photocatalytic properties for energy applications
Environ Res. 2021 Sep 16:112073. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.112073. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTZnGa2O4 nanocomposites have been widely used for photocatalytic degradation of industrial dyes. In this work, ZnGa2O4 was synthesized from zinc sulphate heptahydrate ZnSO4.10H2O and Gallium (III) oxide (Ga2O3) by hydrothermal method. As prepared, ZnGa2O4 nanocomposites was used as a photocatalyst degradation of three organic dyes rhodamine-B, methylene blue, and methyl orange, under ultraviolet (UV) light irradiation. The ZnGa2O4 nanocomposites structure, morphology, size and optical properties were studied by X-ray diffractio...
Source: Environmental Research - September 19, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: D Nathiya N M I Alhaji A R Mohamed Jahangir M Ismail Fathima Mansour K Gatasheh Ashraf Atef Hatamleh Sadaf Zehra A Ayeshamariam Source Type: research

Associations between solar and geomagnetic activity and peripheral white blood cells in the Normative Aging Study
Environ Res. 2021 Sep 16:112066. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.112066. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTIt has been hypothesized that solar and geomagnetic activity can affect the function of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) and melatonin secretion, which both may influence immune response. We investigated the association between solar geomagnetic activity and white blood cell counts in the Normative Aging Study (NAS) Cohort between 2000 and 2013. Linear mixed effects models with moving day averages ranging from 0 to 28 days were used to evaluate the effects of solar activity measures, Interplanetary Magnetic Field (IMF), and ...
Source: Environmental Research - September 19, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Samantha M Tracy Carolina L Z Vieira Eric Garshick Veronica Wang Barrak Alahmad Ryan Eid Joel Schwartz Jessica E Schiff Pantel Vokonas Petros Koutrakis Source Type: research

Recent advancements in modification of membrane materials over membrane separation for biomedical applications
Environ Res. 2021 Sep 15:112045. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.112045. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTA comprehensive overview of various modifications carried out on polymeric membranes for biomedical applications has been presented in this review paper. In particular, different methods of carrying out these modifications have been discussed. The uniqueness of the review lies in the sense that it discusses the surface modification techniques traversing the timeline from traditionally well-established technologies to emerging new techniques, thus giving an intuitive understanding of the evolution of surface modification techni...
Source: Environmental Research - September 18, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Pooja Hariharan Sujithra Sundarrajan G Arthanareeswaran Sunanda Seshan Diganta B Das A F Ismail Source Type: research

Synthesis of new composite based on TiO < sub > 2 < /sub > immobilized in glass fibers for photo-catalytic degradation of chlorobenzene in aqueous solutions
In conclusion, present hybrid composite could successfully and safely remove chlorobenzene from synthetic aqueous solution.PMID:34536370 | DOI:10.1016/j.envres.2021.112018 (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - September 18, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Ahmad Jonidi Jafari Mehrdad Moslemzadeh Ali Esrafili Roshanak Rezaei Kalantary Source Type: research

Using Bayesian networks for environmental health risk assessment
Environ Res. 2021 Sep 15:112059. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.112059. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe study investigated the potential relationships between air pollution, socio-economy, and proven pathologies (e.g., respiratory, cardiovascular) within an industrial area in Southern France (Etang de Berre), gathering steel industries, oil refineries, shipping, road traffic and experiencing a Mediterranean climate. A total of 178 variables were simultaneously integrated within a Bayesian model at intra-urban scale. Various unsupervised and supervised algorithms (maximum spanning tree, tree-augmented naive classifier) as wel...
Source: Environmental Research - September 18, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sandra P érez Catherine German-Labaume S ébastien Mathiot Sylvaine Goix Philippe Chamaret Source Type: research

Anthropogenic land ‒use impacts on the size structure of macroinvertebrate assemblages are jointly modulated by local conditions and spatial processes
Environ Res. 2021 Sep 15:112055. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.112055. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBody size descriptors and associated resemblance measurements may provide useful tools for forecasting ecological responses to increasing anthropogenic land‒use disturbances. Yet, the influences of agriculture and urbanisation on the size structure of biotic assemblages have seldom been investigated in running waters. Using a comprehensive dataset on stream macroinvertebrates from 21 river basins across Western Finland, we assessed whether the structure of assemblages via changes in taxonomic composition and body size distri...
Source: Environmental Research - September 18, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Jorge Garc ía-Girón Kimmo T Tolonen Janne Soininen Henna Sn åre Virpi Pajunen Jani Heino Source Type: research

Genomic DNA hydroxymethylation reveals potential role in identification of lung injury in coal-burning arsenicosis populations
Environ Res. 2021 Sep 15:112053. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.112053. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTArsenic (As) is a toxic metalloid element that causes lung cancer and multiple non-malignant respiratory diseases. The toxicity of arsenic is mediated in part by epigenetic mechanisms, such as alterations in DNA methylation. While increasing studies have highlighted the potential importance of arsenic exposure to DNA methylation patterns and the subsequent risks for arsenic toxicity, there has been little focus on DNA hydroxymethylation-a negative regulation mechanism of DNA methylation. Therefore, this study aimed to investig...
Source: Environmental Research - September 18, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Qingling Wang Wenjuan Wang Baofei Sun Aihau Zhang Source Type: research

Physiological and molecular responses of the Antarctic harpacticoid copepod Tigriopus kingsejongensis to salinity fluctuations - A multigenerational study
In this study, the effects of salinity range of 0-75 practical salinity unit (PSU) on the Antarctic harpacticoid copepod Tigriopus kingsejongensis was investigated by measurement of 96 h survival rate, lifespan, and sex ratio with further analysis of multigenerational growth parameters and mRNA expressions under salinity of 15-45 PSU. Different stages of the copepods (i.e., nauplius, male, and female) generally showed tolerance to hypo- and hypersalinity, wherein female copepods were more tolerant than males when exposed to salinity fluctuations. Lifespan was significantly shortened by hypo- and hypersalinity compared to c...
Source: Environmental Research - September 18, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Bo-Mi Kim Yeonhui Lee Jhee-Yeong Hwang Young-Ki Kim Tae Wan Kim Il-Nam Kim Seunghyun Kang Jin-Hyoung Kim Jae-Sung Rhee Source Type: research

New fabrication of CuFe2O4/PAMAM nanocomposites by an efficient removal performance for organic dyes: Kinetic study
Environ Res. 2021 Sep 15:112048. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.112048. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTToday, removing pollutants from water sources is essential because of the population increase and the growing need for safe drinking water. Dyes are one of the most critical pollutants from industrial effluents such as paper and textile industries that profoundly affect the environment. There are several ways to remove environmental contaminants. Magnetic nanoparticles have a high ability to adsorb dyes. Of course, increasing the interaction between magnetic nanomaterials and pollutants is also essential, which can be done usi...
Source: Environmental Research - September 18, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Elham Ashrafzadeh Afshar Mohammad Ali Taher Source Type: research

Size-segregated physicochemical properties of inhalable particulate matter in a tunnel-ventilated layer house in China
This study investigated the physicochemical properties of the particles in a typical commercial laying hen barn in Southeast China. Mass concentrations and size distributions of the particulate matter (PM) and the key components (incl. organic carbon (OC), element carbon (EC), and the water-soluble inorganic ions (WSIIs)) were analyzed. The result shows that the mass concentrations of PM accumulated along with the airflow inside the house, with the total mass of the sampling particles increasing from 843.66 ± 160.74 μg/m3 at the center of the house to 1264.93 ± 285.70 μg/m3 at the place close to exhaust...
Source: Environmental Research - September 17, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Xiaoshuai Wang Xiaorong Dai Ailun Wang Lingjuan Wang-Li Mengrong Yang Hang Xiao Yong He Kaiying Wang Source Type: research

Ambient air pollution and COVID-19 risk: Evidence from 35 observational studies
Environ Res. 2021 Sep 14;204:112065. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.112065. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND AND AIMS: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is severely threatening and challenging public health worldwide. Epidemiological studies focused on the influence of outdoor air pollution (AP) on COVID-19 risk have produced inconsistent conclusions. We aimed to quantitatively explore this association using a meta-analysis.METHODS: We searched for studies related to outdoor AP and COVID-19 risk in the Embase, PubMed, and Web of Science databases. No language restriction was utilized. The search date ent...
Source: Environmental Research - September 17, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Si-Tian Zang Jie Luan Ling Li Hui-Xin Yu Qi-Jun Wu Qing Chang Yu-Hong Zhao Source Type: research

Cluster analysis of PM < sub > 2.5 < /sub > pollution in China using the frequent itemset clustering approach
Environ Res. 2021 Sep 14:112009. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.112009. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTIn recent years, severe air pollution has frequently occurred in China at the regional scale. The clustering method to define joint control regions is an effective approach to address severe regional air pollution. However, current cluster analysis research on the determination of joint control areas relies on the Pearson correlation coefficient as a similarity measure. Due to nonlinearity and outliers in air pollution data, the correlation coefficient cannot accurately reveal the similarity in air quality between different ci...
Source: Environmental Research - September 17, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Liankui Zhang Guangfei Yang Source Type: research

Curcumin ameliorated the mercuric chloride induced depression and anxiety in female mice offspring
Environ Res. 2021 Sep 14:112031. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.112031. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTIn the present investigation, the effect of mercuric chloride on gestation and lactation periods in mice was studied. The animals were treated with 10 ppm of HgCl2 and its complications were evaluated by supplementing 150 and 300 ppm of curcumin, respectively. Results indicated that HgCl2 increased depression-like behavior in treated animals compared to control and effects of depression in offspring significantly (p˂0.001) enhanced. Interestingly, the Tail suspension test clearly confirmed that the administration of curcumin ...
Source: Environmental Research - September 17, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Gasem Mohammad Abu-Taweel Hassan Ahmed Rudayni Source Type: research

A unique microbiome in a highly polluted and alkalic lake in a seasonally frozen area
Environ Res. 2021 Sep 14;204(Pt B):112056. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.112056. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTHighly polluted waters profoundly promoted microbial activities and vice versa. Although microbial community structures and bioprocesses in polluted environments have been fully investigated, they are rarely uncovered in abandoned and highly polluted aquatic environment, especially in a seasonally frozen area. East Lake had been polluted by surrounding paper mills and dairy plants from the 1960s to the early 2000s. Under low biodegradability (BOD5/COD ratio 9) conditions, a unique microbiome was discovered in East la...
Source: Environmental Research - September 17, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tiefu Xu Yu Tao Lan Song Haoyu Wang Binqiao Ren Source Type: research

A review and analysis of personal and ambient PM < sub > 2.5 < /sub > measurements: Implications for epidemiology studies
Environ Res. 2021 Sep 14:112019. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.112019. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: In epidemiology studies, ambient measurements of PM2.5 are often used as surrogates for personal exposures. However, it is unclear the degree to which ambient PM2.5 reflects personal exposures.OBJECTIVE: In order to examine potential sources of bias in epidemiology studies, we conducted a review and meta-analysis of studies to determine the extent to which short-term measurements of ambient PM2.5 levels are related to short-term measurements of personal PM2.5 levels.METHODS: We conducted a literature search of stud...
Source: Environmental Research - September 17, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Steven R Boomhower Christopher M Long Wenchao Li Tatiana D Manidis Arunika Bhatia Julie E Goodman Source Type: research

Nanochitosan/carboxymethyl cellulose/TiO < sub > 2 < /sub > biocomposite for visible-light-induced photocatalytic degradation of crystal violet dye
Environ Res. 2021 Sep 13:112047. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.112047. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTDevelopment of novel bionanomaterials for water and wastewater treatment has gained increased attraction and attention in recent times. The present study reports an effective biocomposite-based nano-photocatalyst comprised of nanochitosan (NCS), carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC), and titanium dioxide (TiO2) synthesized by sol-gel technique. The as-prepared NCS/CMC/TiO2 photocatalyst was systematically characterized by X-ray diffraction, Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy, Scanning Electron Microscopy with energy dispersive X-...
Source: Environmental Research - September 16, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: S Sugashini T Gomathi R Aruna Devi P N Sudha K Rambabu Fawzi Banat Source Type: research

Phthalates in skin wipes: Distribution, sources, and exposure via dermal absorption
In this study, we measured the levels of phthalates in skin wipes collected from 30 undergraduate volunteers. The body surfaces wiped include the forehead, forearms, hands, back, calves, and insteps. We analyzed the characteristics and possible sources of phthalates on the skin surface and used Monte Carlo simulations to estimate dermal exposure. The mean total dermal exposure was in the range of 0.129-8.25 μg/(kg·day). Seven phthalates were detected, with a detection frequency of 57-100%. Phthalate levels were not significantly different between symmetrical locations, but differed significantly at the same sampl...
Source: Environmental Research - September 16, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Anqi Zhao Lixin Wang Xueying Pang Fang Liu Source Type: research

ZIF-8 derived defect-rich nitrogen-doped carbon with enhanced catalytic activity for efficient non-radical activation of peroxydisulfate
Environ Res. 2021 Sep 14;204(Pt B):112060. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.112060. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe non-radical oxidation processes of persulfate activation by carbon materials have shown great potential for industrial and saline wastewater treatment. Recently, metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) as an emerging precursor have been widely used for fabricating functional carbon materials. Herein, we reported ZIF-8 derived defect-rich nitrogen-doped carbon (ZCNs) via NaCl-assisted pyrolysis for efficient non-radical activation of peroxydisulfate to degrade rhodamine B (RB). All samples exhibited excellent catalytic ac...
Source: Environmental Research - September 16, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Rui Luo Junwen Wu Jing Zhao Dong Fang Zongtang Liu Lin Hu Source Type: research

Effects of air pollution on dementia over Europe for present and future climate change scenarios
Environ Res. 2021 Sep 13:112012. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.112012. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe scientific literature is scarce when referring to the influence of atmospheric pollutants on neurodegenerative diseases for present and future climate change scenarios. In this sense, this contribution evaluates the incidence of dementia (Alzheimer's disease, AD, and dementia from unspecified cause, DU) occurring in Europe associated with the exposure to air pollution (essentially NO2 and PM2.5) for the present climatic period (1991-2010) and for a future climate change scenario (RCP8.5, 2031-2050). The GEMM methodology ha...
Source: Environmental Research - September 16, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Patricia Guzm án Patricia Tar ín-Carrasco Mar ía Morales-Suárez-Varela Pedro Jim énez-Guerrero Source Type: research

Reinforced nitrite supplement by cathode nitrate reduction with a bio-electrochemical system coupled anammox reactor
This study showed that NO2- can be supplied by reducing the by-product NO3- with denitrification cathode at Anammox environment in-situ.PMID:34529971 | DOI:10.1016/j.envres.2021.112051 (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - September 16, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Liang Qiao Ye Yuan Chang Mei Wanxin Yin Chao Zou Yanan Yin Qingyuan Guo Tianming Chen Cheng Ding Source Type: research

Practical scale evaluation of a photocatalytic air purifier equipped with a Titania-zeolite composite bead filter for VOC removal and viral inactivation
Environ Res. 2021 Sep 14;204(Pt B):112036. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.112036. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTA practical scale photocatalytic air purifier equipped with a TiO2/H-ZSM-5 composite bead filter was demonstrated to be able to effectively remove indoor volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and viruses with sustainable performances under UVA-LED illumination. TiO2 hybridized with 5 wt% H-ZSM-5 zeolite significantly enhanced its photocatalytic activity for degrading VOCs including formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, and toluene, than bare TiO2. H-ZSM-5 provided strong adsorption sites for these compounds, thus accelerating thei...
Source: Environmental Research - September 16, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sungwon Kim Saemi Kim Hee-Jin Park Soomin Park Jee Yeon Kim Yong Won Jeong Hae Heon Yang Youngsup Choi Minjoo Yeom Daesub Song Changha Lee Source Type: research

Assessment of burden of disease induced by exposure to heavy metals through drinking water at national and subnational levels in Iran, 2019
Environ Res. 2021 Sep 14;204(Pt B):112057. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.112057. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe burden of disease attributable to exposure to heavy metals via drinking water in Iran (2019) was assessed at the national and regional levels. The non-carcinogenic risk, carcinogenic risk, and attributable burden of disease of heavy metals in drinking water were estimated in terms of hazard quotient (HQ), incremental lifetime cancer risk (ILCR), and disability-adjusted life year (DALY), respectively. The average drinking water concentrations of arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), lead (Pb), mercury (Hg), a...
Source: Environmental Research - September 16, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Kazem Naddafi Alireza Mesdaghinia Mehrnoosh Abtahi Mohammad Sadegh Hassanvand Ayoub Beiki Gholamreza Shaghaghi Mansour Shamsipour Fatemeh Mohammadi Reza Saeedi Source Type: research

Assessment of genotoxicity and oxidative stress in pregnant women contaminated to organochlorine pesticides and its correlation with pregnancy outcome
Environ Res. 2021 Sep 11;204(Pt B):112010. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.112010. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe present study was aimed to assess the correlation between transplacental transfer of xenobiotics and resulting biochemical alterations (including genotoxicity and oxidative stress) in non-occupational pregnant women of North India along with the effect on pregnancy outcomes. Maternal and cord blood samples were collected from 221 healthy mother-infant couples and divided according to their gestational age and birth weight. Genotoxic effects in mother and cord blood were examined using comet assay. The quantitativ...
Source: Environmental Research - September 14, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Naina Dwivedi Abbas Ali Mahdi Sujata Deo Mohammad Kaleem Ahmad Durgesh Kumar Source Type: research

Prenatal exposure to neurotoxic metals and micronutrients and neurodevelopmental outcomes in early school age children from Poland
Environ Res. 2021 Sep 11:112049. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.112049. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTExposure to environmental factors, such as neurotoxic metals and micronutrients, during critical periods of development can contribute to long-term consequences in offspring's health, including neurodevelopmental outcomes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between simultaneous prenatal exposure to metals [lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), mercury (Hg)] and micronutrients [selenium (Se), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu)] and neurodevelopmental outcomes in school-age children from the Polish Mother and Child Cohort (REPRO_PL). ...
Source: Environmental Research - September 14, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Merc è Garí Mariusz Grzesiak Micha ł Krekora Piotr Kaczmarek Agnieszka Jankowska Anna Kr ól Dorota Kaleta Joanna Jerzy ńska Beata Janasik Renata Kura ś Anna Maria Tartaglione Gemma Calamandrei Wojciech Hanke Kinga Pola ńska Source Type: research

Global burden of lung cancer attributable to ambient fine particulate matter pollution in 204 countries and territories, 1990-2019
CONCLUSIONS: The number of ambient PM2.5-related lung cancer deaths and DALYs has largely increased because of the increase of exposure to PM2.5, population growth, and aging. Local governments should do economic activities under the consideration of public health, especially in high-burden areas.PMID:34520750 | DOI:10.1016/j.envres.2021.112023 (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - September 14, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Xiaorong Yang Tongchao Zhang Xiangwei Zhang Chong Chu Shaowei Sang Source Type: research

Assessment of genotoxicity and oxidative stress in pregnant women contaminated to organochlorine pesticides and its correlation with pregnancy outcome
Environ Res. 2021 Sep 11:112010. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.112010. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe present study was aimed to assess the correlation between transplacental transfer of xenobiotics and resulting biochemical alterations (including genotoxicity and oxidative stress) in non-occupational pregnant women of North India along with the effect on pregnancy outcomes. Maternal and cord blood samples were collected from 221 healthy mother-infant couples and divided according to their gestational age and birth weight. Genotoxic effects in mother and cord blood were examined using comet assay. The quantitative determin...
Source: Environmental Research - September 14, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Naina Dwivedi Abbas Ali Mahdi Sujata Deo Mohammad Kaleem Ahmad Durgesh Kumar Source Type: research

Prenatal exposure to neurotoxic metals and micronutrients and neurodevelopmental outcomes in early school age children from Poland
Environ Res. 2021 Sep 11:112049. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.112049. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTExposure to environmental factors, such as neurotoxic metals and micronutrients, during critical periods of development can contribute to long-term consequences in offspring's health, including neurodevelopmental outcomes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between simultaneous prenatal exposure to metals [lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), mercury (Hg)] and micronutrients [selenium (Se), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu)] and neurodevelopmental outcomes in school-age children from the Polish Mother and Child Cohort (REPRO_PL). ...
Source: Environmental Research - September 14, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Merc è Garí Mariusz Grzesiak Micha ł Krekora Piotr Kaczmarek Agnieszka Jankowska Anna Kr ól Dorota Kaleta Joanna Jerzy ńska Beata Janasik Renata Kura ś Anna Maria Tartaglione Gemma Calamandrei Wojciech Hanke Kinga Pola ńska Source Type: research

Global burden of lung cancer attributable to ambient fine particulate matter pollution in 204 countries and territories, 1990-2019
CONCLUSIONS: The number of ambient PM2.5-related lung cancer deaths and DALYs has largely increased because of the increase of exposure to PM2.5, population growth, and aging. Local governments should do economic activities under the consideration of public health, especially in high-burden areas.PMID:34520750 | DOI:10.1016/j.envres.2021.112023 (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - September 14, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Xiaorong Yang Tongchao Zhang Xiangwei Zhang Chong Chu Shaowei Sang Source Type: research

Assessment of genotoxicity and oxidative stress in pregnant women contaminated to organochlorine pesticides and its correlation with pregnancy outcome
Environ Res. 2021 Sep 11:112010. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.112010. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe present study was aimed to assess the correlation between transplacental transfer of xenobiotics and resulting biochemical alterations (including genotoxicity and oxidative stress) in non-occupational pregnant women of North India along with the effect on pregnancy outcomes. Maternal and cord blood samples were collected from 221 healthy mother-infant couples and divided according to their gestational age and birth weight. Genotoxic effects in mother and cord blood were examined using comet assay. The quantitative determin...
Source: Environmental Research - September 14, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Naina Dwivedi Abbas Ali Mahdi Sujata Deo Mohammad Kaleem Ahmad Durgesh Kumar Source Type: research

Prenatal exposure to neurotoxic metals and micronutrients and neurodevelopmental outcomes in early school age children from Poland
Environ Res. 2021 Sep 11:112049. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.112049. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTExposure to environmental factors, such as neurotoxic metals and micronutrients, during critical periods of development can contribute to long-term consequences in offspring's health, including neurodevelopmental outcomes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between simultaneous prenatal exposure to metals [lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), mercury (Hg)] and micronutrients [selenium (Se), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu)] and neurodevelopmental outcomes in school-age children from the Polish Mother and Child Cohort (REPRO_PL). ...
Source: Environmental Research - September 14, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Merc è Garí Mariusz Grzesiak Micha ł Krekora Piotr Kaczmarek Agnieszka Jankowska Anna Kr ól Dorota Kaleta Joanna Jerzy ńska Beata Janasik Renata Kura ś Anna Maria Tartaglione Gemma Calamandrei Wojciech Hanke Kinga Pola ńska Source Type: research

Global burden of lung cancer attributable to ambient fine particulate matter pollution in 204 countries and territories, 1990-2019
CONCLUSIONS: The number of ambient PM2.5-related lung cancer deaths and DALYs has largely increased because of the increase of exposure to PM2.5, population growth, and aging. Local governments should do economic activities under the consideration of public health, especially in high-burden areas.PMID:34520750 | DOI:10.1016/j.envres.2021.112023 (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - September 14, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Xiaorong Yang Tongchao Zhang Xiangwei Zhang Chong Chu Shaowei Sang Source Type: research

Assessment of genotoxicity and oxidative stress in pregnant women contaminated to organochlorine pesticides and its correlation with pregnancy outcome
Environ Res. 2021 Sep 11:112010. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.112010. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe present study was aimed to assess the correlation between transplacental transfer of xenobiotics and resulting biochemical alterations (including genotoxicity and oxidative stress) in non-occupational pregnant women of North India along with the effect on pregnancy outcomes. Maternal and cord blood samples were collected from 221 healthy mother-infant couples and divided according to their gestational age and birth weight. Genotoxic effects in mother and cord blood were examined using comet assay. The quantitative determin...
Source: Environmental Research - September 14, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Naina Dwivedi Abbas Ali Mahdi Sujata Deo Mohammad Kaleem Ahmad Durgesh Kumar Source Type: research

Prenatal exposure to neurotoxic metals and micronutrients and neurodevelopmental outcomes in early school age children from Poland
Environ Res. 2021 Sep 11:112049. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.112049. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTExposure to environmental factors, such as neurotoxic metals and micronutrients, during critical periods of development can contribute to long-term consequences in offspring's health, including neurodevelopmental outcomes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between simultaneous prenatal exposure to metals [lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), mercury (Hg)] and micronutrients [selenium (Se), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu)] and neurodevelopmental outcomes in school-age children from the Polish Mother and Child Cohort (REPRO_PL). ...
Source: Environmental Research - September 14, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Merc è Garí Mariusz Grzesiak Micha ł Krekora Piotr Kaczmarek Agnieszka Jankowska Anna Kr ól Dorota Kaleta Joanna Jerzy ńska Beata Janasik Renata Kura ś Anna Maria Tartaglione Gemma Calamandrei Wojciech Hanke Kinga Pola ńska Source Type: research

Global burden of lung cancer attributable to ambient fine particulate matter pollution in 204 countries and territories, 1990-2019
CONCLUSIONS: The number of ambient PM2.5-related lung cancer deaths and DALYs has largely increased because of the increase of exposure to PM2.5, population growth, and aging. Local governments should do economic activities under the consideration of public health, especially in high-burden areas.PMID:34520750 | DOI:10.1016/j.envres.2021.112023 (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - September 14, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Xiaorong Yang Tongchao Zhang Xiangwei Zhang Chong Chu Shaowei Sang Source Type: research

Assessment of genotoxicity and oxidative stress in pregnant women contaminated to organochlorine pesticides and its correlation with pregnancy outcome
Environ Res. 2021 Sep 11:112010. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.112010. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe present study was aimed to assess the correlation between transplacental transfer of xenobiotics and resulting biochemical alterations (including genotoxicity and oxidative stress) in non-occupational pregnant women of North India along with the effect on pregnancy outcomes. Maternal and cord blood samples were collected from 221 healthy mother-infant couples and divided according to their gestational age and birth weight. Genotoxic effects in mother and cord blood were examined using comet assay. The quantitative determin...
Source: Environmental Research - September 14, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Naina Dwivedi Abbas Ali Mahdi Sujata Deo Mohammad Kaleem Ahmad Durgesh Kumar Source Type: research

Prenatal exposure to neurotoxic metals and micronutrients and neurodevelopmental outcomes in early school age children from Poland
Environ Res. 2021 Sep 11:112049. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.112049. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTExposure to environmental factors, such as neurotoxic metals and micronutrients, during critical periods of development can contribute to long-term consequences in offspring's health, including neurodevelopmental outcomes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between simultaneous prenatal exposure to metals [lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), mercury (Hg)] and micronutrients [selenium (Se), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu)] and neurodevelopmental outcomes in school-age children from the Polish Mother and Child Cohort (REPRO_PL). ...
Source: Environmental Research - September 14, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Merc è Garí Mariusz Grzesiak Micha ł Krekora Piotr Kaczmarek Agnieszka Jankowska Anna Kr ól Dorota Kaleta Joanna Jerzy ńska Beata Janasik Renata Kura ś Anna Maria Tartaglione Gemma Calamandrei Wojciech Hanke Kinga Pola ńska Source Type: research

Global burden of lung cancer attributable to ambient fine particulate matter pollution in 204 countries and territories, 1990-2019
CONCLUSIONS: The number of ambient PM2.5-related lung cancer deaths and DALYs has largely increased because of the increase of exposure to PM2.5, population growth, and aging. Local governments should do economic activities under the consideration of public health, especially in high-burden areas.PMID:34520750 | DOI:10.1016/j.envres.2021.112023 (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - September 14, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Xiaorong Yang Tongchao Zhang Xiangwei Zhang Chong Chu Shaowei Sang Source Type: research

Passive sampling, a practical method for wastewater-based surveillance of SARS-CoV-2
Environ Res. 2021 Sep 10:112058. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.112058. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTIn search of practical and affordable tools for wastewater-based surveillance of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), three independent field experiments were conducted using three passive sampler sorbents (electronegative membrane, cotton bud, and gauze) in Guelph, Ontario, Canada. Total daily cases during this study ranged from 2 to 17/100,000 people and 43/54 traditionally collected wastewater samples were positive for SARS-CoV-2 with mean detectable concentrations ranging from 8.4 to 1780 copies/ml...
Source: Environmental Research - September 13, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Jemaneh Habtewold David McCarthy Edward McBean Ilya Law Larry Goodridge Marc Habash Heather M Murphy Source Type: research

One-step synthesis of carbonaceous adsorbent from soybean bio-residue by microwave heating: Adsorptive, antimicrobial and antifungal behavior
Environ Res. 2021 Sep 10:112044. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.112044. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTIn this work, the transformation of soybean industrial bio-residue with limited practical applications, into a multifunctional carbonaceous adsorbent (SBAC) via one-step microwave-irradiation has been succeeded. The surface porosity, chemical compositions, functionalities and surface chemistry were featured by microscopic pore-textural analysis, elemental constitution analysis, morphological characterization and Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy. The adsorptive performance of SBAC was evaluated in a batch experiment by ...
Source: Environmental Research - September 13, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Kah Yee Lim Keng Yuen Foo Source Type: research

Arsenic exposure and human blood DNA methylation and hydroxymethylation profiles in two diverse populations from Bangladesh and Spain
CONCLUSIONS: While we identified common 5-hmC and 5-mC signatures in two populations exposed to varying levels of inorganic As, differences in As-related epigenetic sites across the study populations may additionally reflect low and high As-specific associations. This work contributes a deeper understanding of potential epigenetic dysregulations of As. However, further research is needed to confirm biological consequences associated with DIP2C epigenetic regulation and to investigate the role of 5-hmC and 5-mC separately in As-induced health disorders at different exposure levels.PMID:34516978 | DOI:10.1016/j.envres.2021.1...
Source: Environmental Research - September 13, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Arce Domingo-Relloso Anne Bozack Samara Kiihl Zulema Rodriguez-Hernandez Pilar Rentero-Garrido J Antonio Casasnovas Montserrat Leon-Latre Tamara Garcia-Barrera J Luis Gomez-Ariza Belen Moreno Ana Cenarro Griselda de Marco Faruque Parvez Abu B Siddique Has Source Type: research

Bioaccumulation and human health risks of potentially toxic elements in fish species from the southeastern Caraj ás Mineral Province, Brazil
The objectives were to determine the quality parameters of surface water and bottom sediments, and to assess the bioaccumulation and risks of Al, Fe, Ba, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Mn, Mo, Ni, Pb, Ti, V and Zn in fish species from the southeastern Carajás Mineral Province. Water, sediments and fish species (Colossoma macropomum, Leporinus trifasciatus, Curimata cyprinoides, Geophagus sp., and Serrasalmus eigenmanni) were collected in 14 areas in the municipalities of Parauapebas, Marabá and Canaã dos Carajás, contemplating the Gelado Stream and the Parauapebas, Tapirapé and Itacaiúnas Rivers....
Source: Environmental Research - September 13, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Mauricio Willians de Lima Wendel Valter da Silveira Pereira Edna Santos de Souza Renato Alves Teixeira Dulcid éia da Conceição Palheta Kelson do Carmo Freitas Faial Hain Figueiredo Costa Antonio Rodrigues Fernandes Source Type: research

Sono-photo hybrid process for the synergistic degradation of levofloxacin by FeVO < sub > 4 < /sub > /BiVO < sub > 4 < /sub > : Mechanisms and kinetics
Environ Res. 2021 Sep 10:112032. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.112032. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTA novel FeVO4/BiVO4 heterojunction photocatalyst was synthesized by hydrothermal method. The FeVO4/BiVO4 nanostructures were characterized by XRD, SEM, XPS, UV-vis, and photoluminescence spectroscopy. The effects of catalyst dosage, contaminant concentration, initial hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) concentration, and pH value on the degradation of levofloxacin were investigated and several repeated experiments were conducted to evaluate the stability and reproducibility. The optimized process parameters were used for mineralization e...
Source: Environmental Research - September 13, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Gongduan Fan Shangwu Yang Banghao Du Jing Luo Xin Lin Xia Li Source Type: research

Tuning the interfacial electronic transitions of bi-dimensional nanocomposites (pGO/ZnO) towards photocatalytic degradation and energy application
Environ Res. 2021 Sep 10:112050. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.112050. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe two-dimensional carbonaceous nanocomposites tend to have extreme capacitance and catalysis activity because of their surface tunability of oxygenated moieties aiding in photocatalytic degradation. Herewith, we performed microwave-assisted alkaline treatment of graphene oxide sheets to attain defective sites on the graphitic surface by altering microwave parameters. The synergism of zinc oxide (ZnO) on the graphitic surface impacts electronic transitions paving paths for vacant oxygen sites to promote photocatalytic degrada...
Source: Environmental Research - September 13, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Shiva Kumar Arumugasamy Shanmugam Ramakrishnan Dong Jin Yoo Saravanan Govindaraju Kyusik Yun Source Type: research

Antibiotic residues in poultry tissues in Iran: A systematic review and meta-analysis
This study was a systematic review and meta-analysis about studies of antibiotic residues in slaughtered poultry carcasses, in Iran. The information was first collected and analyzed throughout six international databases, and four Iranian national databases. According to the data, the total prevalence of antibiotic residues was obtained as 39.41%, 5.40%, and 0.30% using four-plate test (FPT), High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC), and Enzyme-linked immuno_sorbent assay (ELISA) methods, respectively. The highest prevalence of the residues was shown in the liver by both methods of HPLC (47.75%) and ELISA (14.35%). Mo...
Source: Environmental Research - September 12, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Majid Mohammadzadeh Maryam Montaseri Saeid Hosseinzadeh Majid Majlesi Enayat Berizi Morteza Zare Zahra Derakhshan Margherita Ferrante Gea Oliveri Conti Source Type: research

Distribution of perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in water, sediment, and fish tissue, and the potential human health risks due to fish consumption in Lake Hawassa, Ethiopia
This study showed no potential health risk due to consumption of contaminated fish based on mean concentrations and fish consumption. However, it is expected that peoples who consume more fish (fishermen and local peoples living close to Lake Hawassa) may suffer health risks due to PFASs contamination.PMID:34509478 | DOI:10.1016/j.envres.2021.112033 (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - September 12, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Bealemlay Abebe Melake Lieven Bervoets Bossissi Nkuba Thimo Groffen Source Type: research

Bioaccessibility-based monitoring and risk assessment of indoor dust-bound PAHs collected from housing and public buildings: Effect of influencing factors
Environ Res. 2021 Sep 9:112039. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.112039. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTPolycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) bounded in indoor dust have significant effects in residents' health. Although various researches has evaluated exposure to PAHs in some indoor areas around the world, no work has been conducted on bioaccessibility of indoor PAHs in the buildings of Bushehr city. Therefore, dust samples were collected from various indoor microenvironments including residential buildings (RB), office buildings (OB), commercial buildings (CB), industrial buildings (IB), school classroom (SC), laboratory (LR...
Source: Environmental Research - September 12, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Leila Arfaeinia Taybeh Tabatabaie Mohammad Miri Hossein Arfaeinia Source Type: research

The alteration of gut microbiome community play an important role in mercury biotransformation in largemouth bass
This study elucidated the importance of gut microbiome in Hg biotransformation process, and helped to develop a novel perspective to understand the Hg bioaccumulation of fish in realistic environment.PMID:34509480 | DOI:10.1016/j.envres.2021.112026 (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - September 12, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sha Tan Xiaowei Xu Hao Cheng Junjie Wang Xun Wang Source Type: research

Black carbon over a high altitude Central Himalayan Glacier: Variability, transport, and radiative impacts
Environ Res. 2021 Sep 9:112017. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.112017. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAmbient equivalent black carbon (BC) measurements spanning from June to October have been carried out over an adjoining location of Satopanth and Bhagirath-Kharak Glaciers (3858m, amsl) of Central Himalaya during the year 2019. Hourly BC varied from 12 ng m-3 to 439 ng m-3 during the entire period of observation. Monthly averaged BC values showed the highest concentration during June (230.96 ± 85.46 ng m-3) and the lowest in August (118.02 ± 71.63 ng m-3). The decrease in BC during monsoon months is attributed to ...
Source: Environmental Research - September 12, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: K Sandeep A S Panicker Alok Sagar Gautam G Beig Naveen Gandhi Sanjeev S None R Shankar H C Nainwal Source Type: research

Use of official municipal demographics for the estimation of mortality in cities suffering from heavy environmental pollution: Results of the first study on all the neighborhoods of Taranto from 2011 to 2020
CONCLUSION: The use of official mortality data allows a timely, reliable and costless assessment of population health in cities heavily impacted by environmental pollution like Taranto.PMID:34509482 | DOI:10.1016/j.envres.2021.112007 (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - September 12, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Valerio Gennaro Stefano Cervellera Carlo Cusatelli Alessandro Miani Francesco Pesce Gianluigi De Gennaro Alessandro Distante Luigi Vimercati Loreto Gesualdo Prisco Piscitelli Source Type: research