Vietnam Climate Change and Health Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessment, 2018.
Conclusions: Adaptation actions of the health sector are urgently needed to reduce the vulnerability to climate change in coming decades. Eight adaptation solutions, among recommendations of V&A assessment, were adopted in the National Health Climate Change Adaptation Plan. PMID: 32612364 [PubMed] (Source: Environmental Health Insights)
Source: Environmental Health Insights - July 4, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tuyet Hanh TT, Huong LTT, Huong NTL, Linh TNQ, Quyen NH, Nhung NTT, Ebi K, Cuong ND, Van Nhu H, Kien TM, Hales S, Cuong DM, Tho NTT, Toan LQ, Bich NN, Van Minh H Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Common Gastrointestinal Symptoms and Associated Factors Among Under-5 Children in Rural Dembiya, Northwest Ethiopia: A Community-Based Cross-Sectional Study.
This study was, therefore, conducted to assess common GI symptoms among children in rural Dembiya, northwest Ethiopia. Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in May 2017 among 225 randomly selected under-5 children. We primarily used mothers' report to assess GI symptoms. Health professionals also diagnosed for some symptoms. Direct stool examination technique was used to identify parasitic infections. Bacteriological analysis of drinking water was done to determine the quality of drinking water. Food safety, environmental sanitation, and hygiene condition of children were assessed using observ...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - July 1, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Gizaw Z, Addisu A, Guadie D Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Long-Lasting Insecticidal Net Utilization and Associated Factors Among Pregnant Women in Asgede Tsimbla District, Northern Ethiopia, 2017.
Conclusion: Utilization of long-lasting insecticidal net was low, and place of residence, exposure status to malaria during their current pregnancy, and family size were the factors associated with long-lasting insecticidal net utilization. PMID: 32528222 [PubMed] (Source: Environmental Health Insights)
Source: Environmental Health Insights - June 14, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Angesom T, Gebreyesus H, Gebremariam B Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Chromium, Cadmium, Lead, and Arsenic Concentrations in Water, Vegetables, and Seafood Consumed in a Coastal Area in Northern Vietnam.
Conclusions: This is the first report of heavy metal contamination of common sources of food and water in the northern coastal area of Vietnam. Significantly, the concentrations of heavy metals detected in study samples exceeded the regulatory limits. These results underscore the importance of continued monitoring and the development of intervention measures to ensure that the quality of food and water meets established standards and protects the health of the local population. PMID: 32435129 [PubMed] (Source: Environmental Health Insights)
Source: Environmental Health Insights - May 22, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Ngoc NTM, Chuyen NV, Thao NTT, Duc NQ, Trang NTT, Binh NTT, Sa HC, Tran NB, Ba NV, Khai NV, Son HA, Han PV, Wattenberg EV, Nakamura H, Thuc PV Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Cockroaches and Food-borne Pathogens.
This article aims to elucidate the possible role of cockroaches in food-borne infections by reviewing the relevant research publications. PMID: 32425541 [PubMed] (Source: Environmental Health Insights)
Source: Environmental Health Insights - May 21, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Donkor ES Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Connecting Air Quality with Emotional Well-Being and Neighborhood Infrastructure in a US City.
Abstract Cities in the United States have announced initiatives to become more sustainable, healthy, resilient, livable, and environmentally friendly. However, indicators for measuring all outcomes related to these targets and the synergies between them have not been well defined or studied. One such relationship is the linkage between air quality with emotional well-being (EWB) and neighborhood infrastructure. Here, regulatory monitoring, low-cost sensors (LCSs), and air quality modeling were combined to assess exposures to PM2.5 and traffic-related NOx in 6 Minneapolis, MN, neighborhoods of varying infrastructur...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - May 21, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Lal RM, Das K, Fan Y, Barkjohn KK, Botchwey N, Ramaswami A, Russell AG Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Human Health Risk Assessment of Trace Metals in the Commonly Consumed Fish Species in Nakuru Town, Kenya.
Abstract The present study was conducted to determine daily intake of cadmium (Cd), copper (Cu), and lead (Pb) and to assess noncarcinogenic human health risk caused by these trace metals in the commonly consumed fish species (Oreochromis niloticus, Rastrineobola argentea, Lates niloticus, and Protopterus aethiopicus) in Nakuru town, Kenya. Trace metal determination in the composite samples of the commonly consumed fish species was done using flame atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Cd, Cu, and Pb content in the muscle tissues of the commonly consumed fish species ranged from 0.11 ± 0.045 to...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - May 21, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Esilaba F, Moturi WN, Mokua M, Mwanyika T Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Multiple Interventions for Improving Food Safety Practices in 2 Small Beef Abattoirs of Honduras and Associated Impacts on Risk-Mitigation Management.
Abstract Mitigation of risk for Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) and Salmonella contamination was evaluated after a multiple-intervention approach (comprising food safety education and training, implementation of customized food safety practices and programs, and environmental monitoring programs with audits and corrective actions) in 2 small Honduran beef abattoirs. Previously, neither abattoir had food safety programs in place nor were they subjected to strict food safety regulatory surveillance. Abattoirs A and B were sampled on 4 nonconsecutive months each. Swab samples of abattoir A (n =&t...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - May 5, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Casas D, Calle A, Bueso M, Huerta-Leidenz N, Miller MF, Brashears MM Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Examining the Relationship Between Low Birth Weight Occurrence and Passive Measures of Environmental Arsenic by Census Tract in Escambia and Santa Rosa Counties, Florida.
The objective of this study was to examine whether mothers living in areas of Escambia and Santa Rosa counties with varying levels of background arsenic in surface soil and water were associated with the occurrence of LBW. Inverse distance weight in ArcGIS was used to interpolate arsenic concentrations from environmental samples and estimate arsenic concentrations by census tracts in the two counties. After excluding multiple births and displaced geocoding addresses, birth data were obtained for the years of 2005 (n = 5845), 2010 (n = 5569), and 2015 (n = 5770) from the Bureau of V...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - April 30, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Scott-Richardson M, Ruiz MO, Smith RL Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Leveraging Existing Cohorts to Study Health Effects of Air Pollution on Cardiometabolic Disorders: India Global Environmental and Occupational Health Hub.
Abstract Air pollution is a growing public health concern in developing countries and poses a huge epidemiological burden. Despite the growing awareness of ill effects of air pollution, the evidence linking air pollution and health effects is sparse. This requires environmental exposure scientist and public health researchers to work more cohesively to generate evidence on health impacts of air pollution in developing countries for policy advocacy. In the Global Environmental and Occupational Health (GEOHealth) Program, we aim to build exposure assessment model to estimate ambient air pollution exposure at a very ...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - April 30, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Walia GK, Mandal S, Jaganathan S, Jaacks LM, Sieber NL, Dhillon PK, Krishna B, Magsumbol MS, Madhipatla KK, Kondal D, Cash RA, Reddy KS, Schwartz J, Prabhakaran D Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Determinants of Sanitation and Hygiene Status Among Food Establishments in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Conclusions: Above average of the food establishments were found to be in poor sanitation and hygiene state. Many core determinant factors that influence sanitation and hygienic status of food establishments were identified. The researchers suggest that formal training on sanitation and hygiene for managers of food establishments should be provided to reduce the occurrence of foodborne diseases. Moreover, strong food and water safety policy and strategy should be promulgated to improve sanitation and hygiene status of food establishments. PMID: 32341652 [PubMed] (Source: Environmental Health Insights)
Source: Environmental Health Insights - April 30, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Girmay AM, Gari SR, Mengistie Alemu B, Evans MR, Gebremariam AG Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Exploring Well Water Testing Behaviour Through the Health Belief Model.
Abstract Health problems can arise from consuming contaminated well water. Well water testing can help prevent negative health outcomes associated with consuming contaminated water. The aim of this study was to understand the factors influencing well owner decisions to conduct water testing through the theoretical lens of the Health Belief Model. We conducted semi-structured interviews with 20 well owners and used framework analysis to sort and analyse the data. The results demonstrated that well owners' perceived susceptibility to well water contamination was low, while the perceived severity of contamination, be...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - March 26, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Munene A, Lockyer J, Checkley S, Hall DC Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Evidence of Households' Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) Performance Improvement Following a WASH Education Program in Rural Dembiya, Northwest Ethiopia.
This study was, therefore, conducted to evaluate the effectiveness WASH education program on households' WASH performance in rural Dembiya, northwest Ethiopia. Method: An uncontrolled before-and-after intervention study was conducted. Baseline and endline surveys were done among 225 and 302 randomly selected households with under-5 children, respectively, using a structured questionnaire and observational checklists. Percent point change was used to see the effect of the intervention. Pearson χ2 and Fisher exact tests were used to test for statistically significant percentage point changes on the basis of P 
Source: Environmental Health Insights - February 22, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Gizaw Z, Addisu A Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Volatile Organic Compound Emissions From Heated Synthetic Hair: A Pilot Study.
Abstract Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are emitted from a variety of household and personal care products. Many VOCs are known to be potentially toxic or carcinogenic. Synthetic hair is used in hair-styling practices, including practices in African American communities that involve singeing or heating the synthetic hair. The research questions that we sought to answer were as follows: Are VOCs emitted from singed or heated synthetic hair? If so, what are the VOC species and relative masses identified in singed or heated synthetic hair? We tested samples from 2 sources of singed and heated synthetic hair in a m...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - February 20, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Auguste D, Miller SL Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Insecticide Resistance Profile of Anopheles gambiae Mosquitoes: A Study of a Residential and Industrial Breeding Sites in Kano Metropolis, Nigeria.
In conclusion, the study revealed a highly pyrethroid-resistant A coluzzii population with low PBO recovery rate. Furthermore, the data suggested the involvement of kdr mutation, detoxification enzyme, and possibly abiotic factors of the breeding sites. PMID: 31975780 [PubMed] (Source: Environmental Health Insights)
Source: Environmental Health Insights - January 26, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Ononamadu CJ, Datit JT, Imam AA Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Comparison Between Larval Survey Index and Positive Ovitrap Index in the Evaluation of Populations of Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti (Linnaeus, 1762) North of Paran á, Brazil.
Comparison Between Larval Survey Index and Positive Ovitrap Index in the Evaluation of Populations of Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti (Linnaeus, 1762) North of Paraná, Brazil. Environ Health Insights. 2020;14:1178630219886570 Authors: Nascimento KLC, da Silva JFM, Zequi JAC, Lopes J Abstract Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti (Linnaeus, 1762) is one of the world's most widely distributed mosquitoes and is the vector of the dengue virus, one of the most important reemerging diseases. Besides dengue, A. aegypti can also transmit urban yellow fever, chikungunya, and Zika virus, making it of great medical importa...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - January 16, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Nascimento KLC, da Silva JFM, Zequi JAC, Lopes J Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Occupational Health Risks and Hazards Among the Fisherfolk in Kampi Samaki, Lake Baringo, Kenya.
This study sought to understand the exposure of fisherfolk to human health risks, through fish handling and processing in Lake Baringo, Kenya. The study adopted a cross-sectional social survey design. A systematic random sampling technique was used to select respondents for this study. A semi-structured questionnaire was administered to the respondents to collect data on risks involved during the handling and processing of fish. Key informant interviews and observation checklists were also used to collect more information. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze data. Inferential statistics include...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - October 31, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Ngaruiya FW, Ogendi GM, Mokua MA Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Spatiotemporal Patterns of Small for Gestational Age and Low Birth Weight Births and Associations With Land Use and Socioeconomic Status.
Abstract In addition to small for gestational age (SGA) and low birth weight at term (LBWT), critically ill cases of SGA/LBWT are significant events from outcomes and economic perspectives that require further understanding of risk factors. We aimed to assess the spatiotemporal distribution of locations where there were consistently higher numbers of critically ill SGA/LBWT (hot spots) in comparison with all SGA/LBWT and all births. We focused on Edmonton (2008-2010) and Calgary (2006-2010), Alberta, and used a geographical information system to apply emerging hot spot analysis, as a new approach for understanding...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - September 7, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Nielsen CC, Amrhein CG, Shah PS, Aziz K, Osornio-Vargas AR Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

A Pilot Survey of Potentially Hazardous Trace Elements in the Aquatic Environment Near a Coastal Coal-Fired Power Plant in Taiwan.
Conclusions: The EPA must set an explicit regulation limit for aluminum, boron, iron, and strontium in the aquatic environment. This exploratory research will inform policymaking regarding certain trace elements that could potentially have an adverse impact on public health and wildlife. PMID: 31367176 [PubMed] (Source: Environmental Health Insights)
Source: Environmental Health Insights - August 3, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Kok VC, Winn PR, Hsieh YJ, Chien JW, Yang JM, Yeh GP Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Lessons Learned From the Creating Active Communities and Healthy Environments Toolkit Pilot: A Qualitative Study.
This study sought to improve its implementation process and assess subsequent Action Plan Guides' utility at 5 military installations. Baseline data included a knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs survey (N = 34); post-Toolkit implementation data included focus groups (N = 2) and interviews (N = 10). Although>80% of participants agreed the built environment affects healthy living, only 44%, 53%, and 35% agreed their installations' built environments promoted healthy eating, physical activity, and tobacco-free living, respectively. Emerging themes comprised "Opportunities to Im...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - July 21, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Shams-White MM, Cuccia A, Ona F, Bullock S, Chui K, McKeown N, Must A Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Disarmament is the New War, Gold is the New Opium, and Ecohealth is the Historic Victim.
Abstract In Colombia, the convergence of drug trafficking, illegal armed groups, and gold production and trade threatens peace and stability in the post-FARC (Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia) era, as had the narcotics trade previously. Armed groups and criminal organizations have increased and consolidated their influence over illegal mining and may be diverting US$5 billion from Colombia's annual economy. As of 2014, 46% of the total area (78 939 ha) exploited for alluvial gold was in the Afro-Colombian Pacific States, in which unregulated mining was the main driver of deforestation. The info...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - July 21, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Villar D, Schaeffer DJ Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Salmonella and Shigella Among Asymptomatic Street Food Vendors in the Dire Dawa city, Eastern Ethiopia: Prevalence, Antimicrobial Susceptibility Pattern, and Associated Factors.
Conclusions: The carrier rate of Salmonella and Shigella was relatively low. Most isolates have developed resistance to amoxicillin, ampicillin, and tetracycline. The odds of Salmonella and Shigella was high among those who lack a habit of hand washing with soap after the use of the toilet and with untrimmed fingernails. Regular screening and appropriate hygienic control measures are needed in place to reduce the risk of infections. PMID: 31263372 [PubMed] (Source: Environmental Health Insights)
Source: Environmental Health Insights - July 4, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tadesse G, Mitiku H, Teklemariam Z, Marami D Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

A Review of Studies Evaluating Insecticide Barrier Treatments for Mosquito Control From 1944 to 2018.
Conclusions: Many of the basic questions on the effectiveness of barrier insecticide applications have been answered, but several important details still must be investigated to improve precision and impact on vector-borne pathogen transmission. Recommendations are made to assist future evaluations of barrier treatments for mosquito control and to limit the potential development of insecticide resistance. PMID: 31263373 [PubMed] (Source: Environmental Health Insights)
Source: Environmental Health Insights - July 4, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Stoops CA, Qualls WA, Nguyen TT, Richards SL Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Modelling the Mediating Effect of Health Care Healing Environment on Core Health Care Delivery and Patient Satisfaction in Ghana.
Conclusion: Stakeholders of the Ghanaian health care sector should take initiatives to constantly improve the quality of health care healing environment as it has an influence on patient satisfaction of the overall core health care delivery. PMID: 31217690 [PubMed] (Source: Environmental Health Insights)
Source: Environmental Health Insights - June 22, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Amankwah O, Weng-Wai C, Mohammed AH Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Impairment of Mitochondrial-Nuclear Cross Talk in Lymphocytes Exposed to Landfill Leachate.
Abstract Landfill leachate, a complex mixture of different solid waste compounds, is widely known to possess toxic properties. However, the fundamental molecular mechanisms engaged with landfill leachate exposure inducing cellular and sub-cellular ramifications are not well explicated. Therefore, we aim to examine the potential of leachate to impair mitochondrial machinery and its associated mechanisms in human peripheral blood lymphocytes. On assessment, the significant increase in the dichlorofluorescein (DCF) fluorescence, accumulation of 8-Oxo-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxo-dG), and levels of nuclear factor erythroi...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - June 8, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Gupta P, Bhargava A, Kumari R, Lodhi L, Tiwari R, Gupta PK, Bunkar N, Samarth R, Mishra PK Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

A Qualitative Exploration of a Worksite Wellness Mini-Grant Program.
Abstract Mini-grant programs are an increasingly popular method for outside organizations (eg, non-profits, state agencies) to support wellness initiatives. However, little is known about mini-grant programs in worksites. The present study explored the implementation and outcomes of a worksite wellness mini-grant program. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 12 wellness champions representing 12 worksites that were involved in a mini-grant program over a 4-year span. Interviews focused on general use, barriers and facilitators, and outcomes of the mini-grant initiatives. Mini-grants were generally used t...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - June 8, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Warehime S, Coyle B, Abel K, Sedani A, Holes J, Dinkel D Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Nutrition and Environmental Pollution Extension Curriculum Improved Diet-Related Behaviors and Environmental Health Literacy.
Abstract Kentucky experiences some of the nation's worst health outcomes related to obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure, and other age-related chronic diseases linked with oxidative stress and inflammation, which in turn are associated with poor diet, lack of physical activity, and exposure to certain environmental pollutants. In the Commonwealth, deteriorating infrastructure, inappropriate waste disposal, and potential occupational injury related to mining, agriculture, and other regionally important industries exacerbate the need for residents to have basic knowledge of potential environmental health threats....
Source: Environmental Health Insights - April 9, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Brewer D, Bellamy H, Hoover A, Koempel A, Gaetke L Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Exploring Association Between Individuals' Stature and Type 2 Diabetes Status: Propensity Score Analysis.
This study uses Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS) 2011 data collected from an observational study. Considering height (tall/normal/short) based on percentiles separately for men and women, logistic regression model was fitted to the propensity score (PS)-adjusted weighted data. No significant relationship between respondents' height and diabetes was observed. We also found that the occurrence of diabetes significantly varies with respect to sex, education level, wealth index, body mass index (BMI), and region/division. As, in general, women are shorter than men by nature, we strongly argue that height categor...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - March 27, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Talukder A, Akter N, Sazzad Mallick T Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Access to Soft-Surface, Green Exercise Trails in Mountainous, Urban Municipalities.
This study characterizes trail access and predictors among urban, mountainous municipalities in the Utah Wasatch Front region. Access was determined using two-standard deviation ellipses (2SDE) activity space analysis, and predictors were identified using multiple linear regression. About 42% municipalities had no trailhead access (ie no trailhead within its corresponding activity space). Trail density and trailheads were significantly correlated (r = 0.49, P = .004). There was a significant trail density cluster in the southern area of the study region, centered all over the city of Alpine. Red...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - March 26, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Chaney RA, Stones EJ Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Microbial Quality of Drinking Water and Prevalence of Water-Related Diseases in Marigat Urban Centre, Kenya.
Abstract Background: Accessibility to potable water is a fundamental right for dignity and well-being. Despite this observation, more than 1.1 billion people lack access to safe drinking water. This is particularly true in the Sub-Saharan Africa and South East Asia regions. Objective: The main aim of this study was to assess microbial quality of drinking water and prevalence of water-related diseases in Marigat town, Baringo County, Kenya. Methods: Samples of drinking water were collected from water sources (boreholes, rivers, and wells) and at the point of use (households) and analyzed for Escher...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - March 23, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Osiemo MM, Ogendi GM, M'Erimba C Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Open Defecation Practices in Lodwar, Kenya: A Mixed-Methods Research.
This article reports on both qualitative and quantitative aspects of a cross-sectional study. A partially mixed sequential dominant (quantitative) status was used to understand various socioeconomic factors associated with OD practice in Lodwar's human settlements, Turkana County. Simple random sampling technique was chosen to select participants for this study with the sample drawn from various administrative units of Lodwar. Standardized questionnaires, focus group discussions, and key informant interviews were used to collect data. Results: The quantitative findings revealed that culture was the leading factor as t...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - March 4, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Busienei PJ, Ogendi GM, Mokua MA Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Pesticide poisoning: A response to Eddleston.
ane D PMID: 30728720 [PubMed] (Source: Environmental Health Insights)
Source: Environmental Health Insights - February 9, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: London L, Jørs E, Neupane D Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Health Dynamics in the Built Environment: An Urban Intensity Perspective - An Exploratory Study in Trinidad and Tobago.
In this study, health dynamics in the built environment are explored along the urban-rural gradient in Trinidad and Tobago. The gradient is measured by a statistically validated Urban Intensity Index developed previously, using physical data from the built environment. Published physical health data from National Surveys as well as data collected on perceptions of health care access and environmental quality are utilised in conjunction with the Urban Intensity Index values to model chronic illness. Multivariate statistical analysis and maps are used to explore and illustrate these dynamics. Ultimately, the outputs of this ...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - December 15, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Chadee S, Stoute V Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

The Effects of Natural Daylight on Length of Hospital Stay.
Conclusions: Clinical trials that test evidence-based designs of physical environments in wards or hospital rooms are usually difficult to perform. As an alternative strategy, using accumulated electronic medical data, we assessed this key element of hospital design. PMID: 30546262 [PubMed] (Source: Environmental Health Insights)
Source: Environmental Health Insights - December 15, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Park MY, Chai CG, Lee HK, Moon H, Noh JS Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

The Restorative Value of the Urban Environment: A Systematic Review of the Existing Literature.
Discussion: Certain urban environments hold a restorative potential. However, the literature on restoration in urban environments is still quite scarce and therefore has been of little practical use. Even though applying the findings to real-life environments is desirable, it might prove difficult, considering the overall sparse evidence. More research on the predictors of restoration likelihood (eg, social factors), generational and cultural differences, and comparisons between natural and urban environments is recommended. PMID: 30505146 [PubMed] (Source: Environmental Health Insights)
Source: Environmental Health Insights - December 8, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Weber AM, Trojan J Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Adverse Human Health Impacts in the Anthropocene.
This study quantified the influence of environmental contaminants, relative to human exposures and the consequence of developing nephroblastomatosis in the human population. PMID: 30479484 [PubMed] (Source: Environmental Health Insights)
Source: Environmental Health Insights - November 29, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Olawoyin R Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Contamination of Household Open Wells in an Urban Area of Trivandrum, Kerala State, India: A Spatial Analysis of Health Risk Using Geographic Information System.
Conclusion: Despite the presence of wells with high risk of contamination and inadequate chlorination practices, the apparent rarity of Water-borne diseases in the area may be attributed to the widespread boiling and water purification practices at the consumption level by the households. GIS technology proves useful in picking environmental determinants like polluting sources near the well and to plan control activities. PMID: 30369786 [PubMed] (Source: Environmental Health Insights)
Source: Environmental Health Insights - October 30, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Ananth M, Rajesh R, Amjith R, A L A, Valamparampil MJ, Harikrishnan M, Resmi MS, Sreekanth KB, Sara V, Sethulekshmi S, Prasannakumar V, Deepthi SK, Jemin AJ, Krishna DS, Anish TS, Insija IS, Nujum ZT Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Heat-Related Training and Educational Material Needs among Oil Spill Cleanup Responders.
This study assessed heat-related training and educational materials currently used and desired by oil spill cleanup responders. A needs assessment was completed by 65 oil spill cleanup responders regarding their occupational heat-related experiences and training needs. Oil spill cleanup responders reported participating on average in 37 oil spill cleanup activities per year. Most reported experiencing additional HRI risk factors, such as high temperatures and humidity and wearing personal protective equipment and clothing ensembles, respirators, and personal flotation devices. Many reported experiencing symptoms of HRI (pr...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - September 30, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Jacklitsch BL, King KA, Vidourek RA, Merianos AL Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Fate, Transformation, and Toxicological Impacts of Pharmaceutical and Personal Care Products in Surface Waters.
Abstract With the growth of the human population, a greater quantity of pharmaceutical and personal care products (PPCPs) have been released into the environment. Although research has addressed the levels and the impact of PPCPs in the environment, the fate of these compounds in surface waters is neither well known nor characterized. In the environment, PPCPs can undergo various transformations that are critically dependent on environmental factors such as solar radiation and the presence of soil particles. Given that the degradation products of PPCPs are poorly characterized, these "secondary residues"...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - September 8, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Maldonado-Torres S, Gurung R, Rijal H, Chan A, Acharya S, Rogelj S, Piyasena M, Rubasinghege G Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Spatio-Temporal Variation of Particulate Matter(PM2.5) Concentrations and Its Health Impacts in a Mega City, Delhi in India.
This study was designed to analyze the spatial and temporal variations of particulate matter (PM2.5) concentrations in a mega city, Delhi. The daily PM2.5 concentrations monitored by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), New Delhi during November 2016 to October 2017 in different locations distributed in the region of the study were used for the analysis. The descriptive statistics indicate that the spatial mean of monthly average PM2.5 concentrations ranged from 45.92 μg m-3 to 278.77 μg m-3. The maximum and minimum spatial variance observed in the months of March and September, res...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - August 29, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Gorai AK, Tchounwou PB, Biswal SS, Tuluri F Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Response to Jors et al, Environmental Health Insights.
PMID: 30046242 [PubMed] (Source: Environmental Health Insights)
Source: Environmental Health Insights - July 28, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Eddleston M Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Insights Into the Environmental Health Burden of Childhood Asthma.
PMID: 29497308 [PubMed] (Source: Environmental Health Insights)
Source: Environmental Health Insights - March 3, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Kelley T, Kearney GD Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

An Operational Evaluation of 3 Methoprene Larvicide Formulations for Use Against Mosquitoes in Catch Basins.
Abstract Effectiveness in controlling mosquitoes in storm water catch basins in the North Shore Mosquito Abatement District (northeastern Cook County, Illinois) was determined for 3 formulations of methoprene-based larvicides (Altosid XR 150-day Briquets, Altosid 30-day Pellets, Altosid 30-day Granules) in 2017 using a pass/fail evaluation criterion, in which emergence of a single adult from pupae collected from the basin constituted a control failure. Over the course of the 16-week study, basins receiving the 150-day briquets were treated once and basins receiving the pellet and granular formulations were treated...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - March 3, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Harbison JE, Runde AB, Henry M, Hulsebosch B, Meresh A, Johnson H, Nasci RS Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Using Watershed Boundaries to Map Adverse Health Outcomes: Examples From Nebraska, USA.
This article is a follow-up to that original article. From an environmental perspective, watersheds segregate landscapes into geospatial units that may be relevant to human health outcomes. From an epidemiologic perspective, the watershed concept places anthropogenic health data into a geospatial framework that has environmental relevance. Research discussed in this article includes information gathered from the literature, as well as recent data collected and analyzed by this research group. It is our contention that the use of watersheds to stratify geospatial information may be both environmentally and epidemiologically...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - February 7, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Corley B, Bartelt-Hunt S, Rogan E, Coulter D, Sparks J, Baccaglini L, Howell M, Liaquat S, Commack R, Kolok AS Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Pesticide Poisonings in Low- and Middle-Income Countries.
don L Abstract Aims and scope This editorial is an introduction to the papers making up the special issue on 'pesticide poisonings in low- and middle income countries'. PMID: 29326530 [PubMed] (Source: Environmental Health Insights)
Source: Environmental Health Insights - January 14, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Jørs E, Neupane D, London L Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Potential Effectiveness of Point-of-Use Filtration to Address Risks to Drinking Water in the United States.
Abstract Numerous contemporary incidents demonstrate that conventional control strategies for municipal tap water have limited ability to mitigate exposures to chemicals whose sources are within distribution systems, such as lead, and chemicals that are not removed by standard treatment technologies, such as perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA)/perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS). In these situations, point-of-use (POU) controls may be effective in mitigating exposures and managing health risks of chemicals in drinking water, but their potential utility has not been extensively examined. As an initial effort to fill this...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - December 23, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Brown KW, Gessesse B, Butler LJ, MacIntosh DL Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Plasma Cholinesterase Levels of Nepalese Farmers Following Exposure to Organophosphate Pesticides.
Conclusions: Increase in acute intoxication signs/symptoms and decrease in PChE indicate a serious public health problem among farmers who use organophosphate pesticides. Appropriate training to the farmers is needed to reduce exposure to organophosphate pesticide. PMID: 29225470 [PubMed] (Source: Environmental Health Insights)
Source: Environmental Health Insights - December 13, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Neupane D, Jørs E, Brandt LPA Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Linking Air Quality and Human Health Effects Models: An Application to the Los Angeles Air Basin.
Abstract Proposed emission control strategies for reducing ozone and particulate matter are evaluated better when air quality and health effects models are used together. The Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) model is the US Environmental Protection Agency's model for determining public policy and forecasting air quality. CMAQ was used to forecast air quality changes due to several emission control strategies that could be implemented between 2008 and 2030 for the South Coast Air Basin that includes Los Angeles. The Environmental Benefits Mapping and Analysis Program-Community Edition (BenMAP-CE) was used to...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - November 23, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Stewart DR, Saunders E, Perea RA, Fitzgerald R, Campbell DE, Stockwell WR Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Open Defaecation and Its Effects on the Bacteriological Quality of Drinking Water Sources in Isiolo County, Kenya.
CONCLUSIONS: The water sources exhibited high levels of contamination with microbial pathogens attributed to poor sanitation. Practising safe faecal disposal in particular is recommended as this will considerably reverse the situation and thus lead to improved human health. PMID: 29051705 [PubMed] (Source: Environmental Health Insights)
Source: Environmental Health Insights - October 22, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Okullo JO, Moturi WN, Ogendi GM Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Prevalence, Circumstances, and Management of Acute Pesticide Poisoning in Hospitals in Kampala City, Uganda.
This study was aimed at assessing prevalence, circumstance, and management of acute pesticide poisoning in hospitals in Kampala. It was a retrospective cross-sectional study that involved reviewing of 739 poisoning patient records from 5 hospitals in Kampala. Of the 739 patients, 212 were due to pesticide poisoning resulting in a prevalence of 28.8%. About 91.4% (191/210) of the cases were due to organophosphate poisoning, 63.3% (133/210) were intentional, and 98.1% (206/210) were exposed through ingestion. Diagnosis was majorly based on poisoning history 91.2% (187/205), and clinical features such as airways, breathing, a...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - September 16, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Ssemugabo C, Halage AA, Neebye RM, Nabankema V, Kasule MM, Ssekimpi D, Jørs E Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research