Environmental Health Services and Professionals Level of Engagement in Different Sectors in Eastern Ethiopia: A Mixed Methods Study Design
CONCLUSION: The current study showed low level of professionals' engagement and factors associated with the quality of environmental health services in different sectors. Therefore, Ethiopian Federal Ministry of Health and other concerned ministries, agencies, and authorities should intervene accordingly to improve the service and level of professionals' engagement.PMID:33642861 | PMC:PMC7829608 | DOI:10.1177/1178630220988554 (Source: Environmental Health Insights)
Source: Environmental Health Insights - March 1, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Yohannes Tefera Damtew Binyam Negussie Desta Adey Sileshi Source Type: research

COVID-19 Pandemic and Environmental Health: Effects and the Immediate Need for a Concise Risk Analysis
Environ Health Insights. 2021 Feb 17;15:1178630221996352. doi: 10.1177/1178630221996352. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTCOVID-19 pandemic, as another disease emerging in the interface between animals and humans, has revealed the importance of interdisciplinary collaborations such as the One Health initiative. Environmental Health, whose role in the One Health concept is well established, has been associated with COVID-19 pandemic via various direct and indirect pathways. Modern lifestyle, climate change, environmental degradation, exposure to chemicals such as endocrine disruptors, and exposure to psychological stress factors im...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - March 1, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sotirios Maipas Ioannis G Panayiotides Sotirios Tsiodras Nikolaos Kavantzas Source Type: research

Environmental Health Services and Professionals Level of Engagement in Different Sectors in Eastern Ethiopia: A Mixed Methods Study Design
CONCLUSION: The current study showed low level of professionals' engagement and factors associated with the quality of environmental health services in different sectors. Therefore, Ethiopian Federal Ministry of Health and other concerned ministries, agencies, and authorities should intervene accordingly to improve the service and level of professionals' engagement.PMID:33642861 | PMC:PMC7829608 | DOI:10.1177/1178630220988554 (Source: Environmental Health Insights)
Source: Environmental Health Insights - March 1, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Yohannes Tefera Damtew Binyam Negussie Desta Adey Sileshi Source Type: research

COVID-19 Pandemic and Environmental Health: Effects and the Immediate Need for a Concise Risk Analysis
Environ Health Insights. 2021 Feb 17;15:1178630221996352. doi: 10.1177/1178630221996352. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTCOVID-19 pandemic, as another disease emerging in the interface between animals and humans, has revealed the importance of interdisciplinary collaborations such as the One Health initiative. Environmental Health, whose role in the One Health concept is well established, has been associated with COVID-19 pandemic via various direct and indirect pathways. Modern lifestyle, climate change, environmental degradation, exposure to chemicals such as endocrine disruptors, and exposure to psychological stress factors im...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - March 1, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sotirios Maipas Ioannis G Panayiotides Sotirios Tsiodras Nikolaos Kavantzas Source Type: research

Environmental Health Services and Professionals Level of Engagement in Different Sectors in Eastern Ethiopia: A Mixed Methods Study Design
CONCLUSION: The current study showed low level of professionals' engagement and factors associated with the quality of environmental health services in different sectors. Therefore, Ethiopian Federal Ministry of Health and other concerned ministries, agencies, and authorities should intervene accordingly to improve the service and level of professionals' engagement.PMID:33642861 | PMC:PMC7829608 | DOI:10.1177/1178630220988554 (Source: Environmental Health Insights)
Source: Environmental Health Insights - March 1, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Yohannes Tefera Damtew Binyam Negussie Desta Adey Sileshi Source Type: research

COVID-19 Pandemic and Environmental Health: Effects and the Immediate Need for a Concise Risk Analysis
Environ Health Insights. 2021 Feb 17;15:1178630221996352. doi: 10.1177/1178630221996352. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTCOVID-19 pandemic, as another disease emerging in the interface between animals and humans, has revealed the importance of interdisciplinary collaborations such as the One Health initiative. Environmental Health, whose role in the One Health concept is well established, has been associated with COVID-19 pandemic via various direct and indirect pathways. Modern lifestyle, climate change, environmental degradation, exposure to chemicals such as endocrine disruptors, and exposure to psychological stress factors im...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - March 1, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sotirios Maipas Ioannis G Panayiotides Sotirios Tsiodras Nikolaos Kavantzas Source Type: research

Environmental Health Services and Professionals Level of Engagement in Different Sectors in Eastern Ethiopia: A Mixed Methods Study Design
CONCLUSION: The current study showed low level of professionals' engagement and factors associated with the quality of environmental health services in different sectors. Therefore, Ethiopian Federal Ministry of Health and other concerned ministries, agencies, and authorities should intervene accordingly to improve the service and level of professionals' engagement.PMID:33642861 | PMC:PMC7829608 | DOI:10.1177/1178630220988554 (Source: Environmental Health Insights)
Source: Environmental Health Insights - March 1, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Yohannes Tefera Damtew Binyam Negussie Desta Adey Sileshi Source Type: research

COVID-19 Pandemic and Environmental Health: Effects and the Immediate Need for a Concise Risk Analysis
Environ Health Insights. 2021 Feb 17;15:1178630221996352. doi: 10.1177/1178630221996352. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTCOVID-19 pandemic, as another disease emerging in the interface between animals and humans, has revealed the importance of interdisciplinary collaborations such as the One Health initiative. Environmental Health, whose role in the One Health concept is well established, has been associated with COVID-19 pandemic via various direct and indirect pathways. Modern lifestyle, climate change, environmental degradation, exposure to chemicals such as endocrine disruptors, and exposure to psychological stress factors im...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - March 1, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sotirios Maipas Ioannis G Panayiotides Sotirios Tsiodras Nikolaos Kavantzas Source Type: research

Evaluation of Long-Lasting Insecticidal Nets (DuraNet ®) Under laboratory and Semi-Field Conditions Using Experimental Huts Against Anopheles Mosquitoes in Jimma Zone, Southwestern Ethiopia.
Evaluation of Long-Lasting Insecticidal Nets (DuraNet®) Under laboratory and Semi-Field Conditions Using Experimental Huts Against Anopheles Mosquitoes in Jimma Zone, Southwestern Ethiopia. Environ Health Insights. 2021;15:1178630220974730 Authors: Gebremariam B, Birke W, Zeine W, Ambelu A, Yewhalaw D Abstract Background: Long-Lasting Insecticidal Nets (LLINs) efficacy could be compromised due to a lot of influences together with user compliance and vector population insecticide resistance status. Thus, this study was to assess the biological efficacy of DuraNet® with the help of the World Hea...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - January 27, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Gebremariam B, Birke W, Zeine W, Ambelu A, Yewhalaw D Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

A Qualitative Study of NIMBYism for Waste in Smaller Urban Areas of a Low-Income Country, Mzuzu, Malawi.
This study aims to understand the forms of resistance that may develop in such contexts, focusing on 2 solid waste and 1 liquid waste management site within Mzuzu City, Malawi. At the newest solid waste site, community resistance had grown to the extent that the site was reportedly destroyed by the local community. Interviews and observations of the sites are complemented by examining historic and recent satellite images. It was found that, at the new solid waste site, community engagement had not been conducted effectively prior to construction and as part of ongoing site operations. This was compounded by poor site manag...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - January 27, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Holm RH, Chunga BA, Mallory A, Hutchings P, Parker A Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Change in Compliance of Staff at 4 Vietnam Universities after the Enactment of Smoke-free Environment Decree.
Abstract Background: The Tobacco Control Law in Vietnam was adopted in 2012 and came into force from May 2013, followed by a number of guiding sub-law legal documents. Smoke-free campus policy in university is considered an important measure to protect people from secondhand smoking as well as staffs and students will be in favour of the policy. Furthermore, there has been evidence suggested that smoke-free policy had positive impact on active smoking as well as anti-smoking attitude. Methods: A cross-sectional self-administered study of staff at 4 universities were conducted in 2 phases, Phase 1 as early int...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - December 20, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Nguyen NB, Capra M, Johnstone K, Vu HL, Tran V, Nguyen MT, Nguyen KN, Cook M Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Correlates of Indoor Concentration of Carbon Monoxide in Residential Buildings in Gondar Town, Northwest Ethiopia.
Abstract This community-based cross-sectional study was conducted to investigate the indoor concentration of carbon monoxide (CO) and associated factors in residential buildings of Gondar town, northwest Ethiopia. Data were collected from 384 occupied buildings and occupants using CO meter, interviewers administered questionnaire, and observation checklists. Multivariable binary logistic regression analysis was used for controlling the possible effect of confounders and to identify factors associated with indoor concentration of CO on the basis of adjusted odds ratio (AOR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) and P 
Source: Environmental Health Insights - December 20, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Gizaw Z, Teka Z Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Asbestos Contamination in Talc-Based Cosmetics: An Invisible Cancer Risk.
In this study, transmission electron microscopy analysis revealed that 3 of 21 powder-based cosmetic products tested were contaminated with amphibole asbestos. One of these contaminated products is expressly marketed for use by children. The presence of asbestos found in products demonstrates the urgency to revise cosmetics policy. Further, talc-based cosmetics may be an overlooked and difficult to characterize source of exposure to asbestos, a known carcinogen. PMID: 33281454 [PubMed] (Source: Environmental Health Insights)
Source: Environmental Health Insights - December 8, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Stoiber T, Fitzgerald S, Leiba NS Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Prevalence and Factors Associated with Respiratory Symptoms Among Bahir Dar Textile Industry Workers, Amhara Region, Ethiopia.
This study was aimed at assessing the prevalence of respiratory symptoms and associated factors among textile factories workers in Bahir Dar, Amhara region, Ethiopia, 2015. Methods: Institutional based cross-sectional study design was employed among randomly selected 384 textile workers using pre-tested interviewer-administered questionnaire. We stratified workers by their working section in the textile industries. Then the proportional numbers of workers were selected from each working section of the factory by using a random number generator. The identification number of workers from each factory was used for select...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - October 31, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Kifle M, Gebremariam B, Alemu K, Woldeyohannes SM Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Understanding Antibiotic Residues and Pathogens Flow in Wastewater from Smallholder Pig Farms to Agriculture Field in Ha Nam Province, Vietnam.
Conclusions: This study suggests that livestock wastewater carried potential harmful pathogens and antibiotic residues that could come into contact with humans in the community. Thus, appropriate operation and application of livestock wastewater treatment (such as biogas or composting) and management should be a continued focused. PMID: 33088179 [PubMed] (Source: Environmental Health Insights)
Source: Environmental Health Insights - October 24, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Pham-Duc P, Nguyen-Viet H, Luu-Quoc T, Cook MA, Trinh-Thi-Minh P, Payne D, Dao-Thu T, Grace D, Dang-Xuan S Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Determinants of Hand Hygiene Practice at Critical Times among Food Handlers in Educational Institutions of the Sagnarigu Municipality of Ghana: A Cross-Sectional Study.
Conclusion: Good hand hygiene practice at critical times was relatively good. Food safety training, knowledge of hand hygiene and attitudes towards hand hygiene were independent predictors of hand hygiene practice at critical times. Concerned stakeholders and organizations should focus on WASH interventions that seek to improve educational institutions food handlers' knowledge and attitudes towards hand hygiene, coupled with training on food safety. PMID: 33088180 [PubMed] (Source: Environmental Health Insights)
Source: Environmental Health Insights - October 24, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Amegah KE, Addo HO, Ashinyo ME, Fiagbe L, Akpanya S, Akoriyea SK, Dubik SD Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Engaging Citizens Via Journey Maps to Address Urban Health Issues.
Abstract Effectively addressing urban health challenges requires engagement of citizens. However, citizens often face barriers providing feedback, and city officials likewise face difficulties incorporating feedback in a meaningful and systematic way. This paper shares one innovative approach to capturing citizens' stories about urban health concerns, developed by the Building Healthy Cities (BHC) project in 2 Asian cities (Indore, India, and Makassar, Indonesia). Using ethnographic methods, BHC developed "journey maps" as a monitoring tool to follow key service issues over time. Several urban health-rel...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - October 24, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Pomeroy-Stevens A, Afdhal M, Mishra N, Farnham Egan K, Christianson K, Bachani D Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Short-Term, Large-Area Survey of Container Aedes spp. (Diptera: Culicidae): Presence and Abundance is Associated with Fine-scale Landscape Factors in North Carolina, USA.
In this study, we surveyed 327 sites over 2 weeks in late June and early July in 2017 in North Carolina, USA for the presence and abundance of Aedes spp. eggs in an effort to better target potential Ae. aegypti collections. We examined the ability of 2 types of landscape data, Light Detection And Ranging (LIDAR) and National Land Cover Database (NLCD) to explain the presence and abundance of eggs using principal component analysis to deal with collinearity, followed by generalized linear regression. We explained variation of both egg presence and abundance for Aedes albopictus (Skuse) and Aedes triseriatus (Say) usi...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - October 6, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Reiskind MH, Styers DM, Hayes I, Richards SL, Doyle MS, Reed EM, Hollingsworth B, Byrd BD Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Evaluation of Drinking Water Quality in Schools in a District Area in Hanoi, Vietnam.
Conclusions and recommendations: Contaminants such as bacterial and chemical agents in to drinking water could be occurred during transport, storage and handling before using by the consumer without regular surveillance. A periodic treatment procedure and monitoring system to keep the level of microbial and chemical contamination of drinking water in schools under control should be performed. PMID: 33013160 [PubMed] (Source: Environmental Health Insights)
Source: Environmental Health Insights - October 6, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Hung DT, Thi Cuc V, Thi Bich Phuong V, Thi Thanh Diu D, Thi Huyen Trang N, Phuong Thoa N, Thi Tuyet Chinh D, Manh Hung T, Manh Linh C, Van Long N Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Impact of Open Burning Refuse on Air Quality: In the Case of "Hidar Sitaten" at Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Impact of Open Burning Refuse on Air Quality: In the Case of "Hidar Sitaten" at Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Environ Health Insights. 2020;14:1178630220943204 Authors: Bulto TW Abstract Open burning of refuse is one of the key sources that causes high air pollution in Metropolitan cities. This paper identifies pollutant concentration of particulate matter (PM2.5) emission and air quality index categories with the peak hour interval on Hidar Sitaten day, and present analysis of air quality in Addis Ababa from August 2016 to November 2019. Daily records, with a 1-hour interval, of raw concentration ...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - September 23, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Bulto TW Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Assessing Insecticide Resistance in Adult Mosquitoes: Perspectives on Current Methods.
Abstract Mosquito insecticide resistance (IR) is a growing global issue that must be addressed to protect public health. Vector control programs (VCPs) should regularly monitor local mosquito populations for IR and plan control measures accordingly. In some cases, state/federal resources financially support this testing with expertise and/or training programs. Standardization of methods (eg, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention bottle bioassay, World Health Organization tube testing, dose-mortality bioassay) for monitoring IR must be prioritized. One solution is regional hubs of IR monitoring at the state or...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - September 23, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Richards SL, Byrd BD, Reiskind MH, White AV Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Erratum to a "Pilot survey of potentially hazardous trace elements in the aquatic environment near a coastal coal-fired power plant in Taiwan".
Erratum to a "Pilot survey of potentially hazardous trace elements in the aquatic environment near a coastal coal-fired power plant in Taiwan". Environ Health Insights. 2020;14:1178630220954546 Authors: Abstract [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1177/1178630219862236.]. PMID: 32922027 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Environmental Health Insights)
Source: Environmental Health Insights - September 16, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

An Investigation of Potential Health Risks from Zoonotic Bacterial Pathogens Associated with Farm Rats.
Abstract Background: The 21st century has seen a wide range of diseases resulting from zoonotic infections, of which bacterial infections have led to outbreaks of food-borne diseases. Aim: The study looks at bacterial pathogen carriage by farm rats and their antimicrobial susceptibility, with the view of providing insights for antimicrobial surveillance. Method: Farm rats of Rattus rattus species where randomly collected alive from farms in Al-Ahsa using food baits. They were anaesthetize with urethane within 4 h of collection and were unconscious for the collection of samples. Basic bacteriologic...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - September 3, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Badger-Emeka L, Al-Mulhim Y, Al-Muyidi F, Busuhail M, Alkhalifah S, AlEid N Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Recurrent Indoor Environmental Pollution and Its Impact on Health and Oxidative Stress of the Textile Workers in Bangladesh.
This study was designed to investigate the indoor environmental quality of textile industries and correlate its effect on the occupational health and well-being of the textile workers by measuring plasma oxidative stress status in textile workers and healthy control subjects. Environmental samples were collected from 15 textile industries located in Dhaka division, and 30 volunteer textile workers and 30 volunteer office workers (control) aged 18 to 57 years participated in the study. The concentration of plasma ascorbic acid (P-ASC), plasma malondialdehyde (P-MDA), and plasma conjugated diene (P-CD) was measured in...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - August 29, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Rahman T, Faisal AM, Khanam T, Shekhar HU Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Access to Improved Water Sources and Sanitation in Minority Ethnic People in Vietnam and Some Sociodemographic Associations: A 2019 National Survey.
Abstract Background: Achieving access to clean water and basic sanitation remains as major challenges in Vietnam, especially for vulnerable groups such as minority people, despite all the progress made by the Millennium Development Goal number 7.C. Objectives: The study aimed to describe the access to improved water sources and sanitation of the ethnic minority people in Vietnam based on a national survey and to identify associated factors. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2019 with a sample size of 1385 ethnic minority households in 12 provinces in Vietnam. Multivariate logistic regress...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - August 23, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Huong LTT, Tuyet-Hanh TT, Minh HV, Ha BTT, Anh NQ, Huong NT, Trang PTT, Long KQ, Ha NT, Trang NTT, Quang CH, Oanh LTK, Thuy TTT Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Health Literacy Toward Zoonotic Diseases Among Livestock Farmers in Vietnam.
Conclusion: Comprehensive health education related to zoonotic diseases is recommended to improve overall knowledge, including routes of transmission, symptoms and consequences of diseases, and antibiotic usage. In addition, guidance should be provided to farmers on how to treat sick animals, the appropriate use of antibiotics, and waste management. Local veterinarians and health workers are important contact points and should work closely with the farmers to prevent zoonotic diseases. PMID: 32733124 [PubMed] (Source: Environmental Health Insights)
Source: Environmental Health Insights - August 2, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Cao Ba K, Kaewkungwal J, Pacheun O, Nguyen Thi To U, Lawpoolsri S Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Making a Case for Infection Control at Public Places of Convenience in Accra, Ghana.
In conclusion, door handles of places of convenience in Accra harbour several pathogenic microorganisms, especially enteric organisms. This study highlights the need for proper disinfection of door handles of places of convenience in Accra as well as handwashing after visiting such places. PMID: 32704231 [PubMed] (Source: Environmental Health Insights)
Source: Environmental Health Insights - July 28, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Donkor ES, S Anyen NE, Akumwena A Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Improvement in Compliance With Smoke-Free Environment Regulations at Hotels and Restaurants in Vietnam After an Administrative Intervention.
Conclusions: The intervention with participation of the police officers proved to be effective in improving compliance with smoke-free regulations. It is recommended to continue this intervention in the same areas as well as to expand the intervention to other areas. PMID: 32684748 [PubMed] (Source: Environmental Health Insights)
Source: Environmental Health Insights - July 21, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Giang KB, Diep PB, Van Minh H, Huong NTD, Lam NT, Nga PQ, Takeuchi M, Park K Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Review of Public Financing for Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Sectors in Vietnam.
Conclusion: The main source of financing for WASH was from the government, yet its public expenditure has been decreased. A refined roadmap with specific steps for a sustainable WASH financing system in Vietnam, particularly to leverage government and private sector resources, is required to ensure no one is left behind. PMID: 32669851 [PubMed] (Source: Environmental Health Insights)
Source: Environmental Health Insights - July 17, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Mai VQ, Ngoc Anh HT, Thao Anh H, Van Minh H Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Hygienic Practices and Structural Conditions of the Food Processing Premises Were the Main Drivers of Microbiological Quality of Edible Ice Products in Binh Phuoc Province, Vietnam 2019.
Conclusions: The food safety conditions and the quality of ice cubes at manufacturing premises in Binh Phuoc Province were not acceptable. Hygiene deficiencies in ice producing and handling processes, inadequate knowledge of staff, inadequate food safety management practices, and hygiene conditions of the premises were important factors in producing contaminated ice products. We recommend more staff training and crediting the staff when performing adequate practices, paying attention to broken floors or difficulty in cleaning, structural deficiency, and ensuring regular monitoring of premises. This study adds a special int...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - July 10, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tuyet Hanh TT, Hanh MH Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Vietnam Climate Change and Health Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessment, 2018.
Conclusions: Adaptation actions of the health sector are urgently needed to reduce the vulnerability to climate change in coming decades. Eight adaptation solutions, among recommendations of V&A assessment, were adopted in the National Health Climate Change Adaptation Plan. PMID: 32612364 [PubMed] (Source: Environmental Health Insights)
Source: Environmental Health Insights - July 4, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tuyet Hanh TT, Huong LTT, Huong NTL, Linh TNQ, Quyen NH, Nhung NTT, Ebi K, Cuong ND, Van Nhu H, Kien TM, Hales S, Cuong DM, Tho NTT, Toan LQ, Bich NN, Van Minh H Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Common Gastrointestinal Symptoms and Associated Factors Among Under-5 Children in Rural Dembiya, Northwest Ethiopia: A Community-Based Cross-Sectional Study.
This study was, therefore, conducted to assess common GI symptoms among children in rural Dembiya, northwest Ethiopia. Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in May 2017 among 225 randomly selected under-5 children. We primarily used mothers' report to assess GI symptoms. Health professionals also diagnosed for some symptoms. Direct stool examination technique was used to identify parasitic infections. Bacteriological analysis of drinking water was done to determine the quality of drinking water. Food safety, environmental sanitation, and hygiene condition of children were assessed using observ...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - July 1, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Gizaw Z, Addisu A, Guadie D Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Long-Lasting Insecticidal Net Utilization and Associated Factors Among Pregnant Women in Asgede Tsimbla District, Northern Ethiopia, 2017.
Conclusion: Utilization of long-lasting insecticidal net was low, and place of residence, exposure status to malaria during their current pregnancy, and family size were the factors associated with long-lasting insecticidal net utilization. PMID: 32528222 [PubMed] (Source: Environmental Health Insights)
Source: Environmental Health Insights - June 14, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Angesom T, Gebreyesus H, Gebremariam B Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Chromium, Cadmium, Lead, and Arsenic Concentrations in Water, Vegetables, and Seafood Consumed in a Coastal Area in Northern Vietnam.
Conclusions: This is the first report of heavy metal contamination of common sources of food and water in the northern coastal area of Vietnam. Significantly, the concentrations of heavy metals detected in study samples exceeded the regulatory limits. These results underscore the importance of continued monitoring and the development of intervention measures to ensure that the quality of food and water meets established standards and protects the health of the local population. PMID: 32435129 [PubMed] (Source: Environmental Health Insights)
Source: Environmental Health Insights - May 22, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Ngoc NTM, Chuyen NV, Thao NTT, Duc NQ, Trang NTT, Binh NTT, Sa HC, Tran NB, Ba NV, Khai NV, Son HA, Han PV, Wattenberg EV, Nakamura H, Thuc PV Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Cockroaches and Food-borne Pathogens.
This article aims to elucidate the possible role of cockroaches in food-borne infections by reviewing the relevant research publications. PMID: 32425541 [PubMed] (Source: Environmental Health Insights)
Source: Environmental Health Insights - May 21, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Donkor ES Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Connecting Air Quality with Emotional Well-Being and Neighborhood Infrastructure in a US City.
Abstract Cities in the United States have announced initiatives to become more sustainable, healthy, resilient, livable, and environmentally friendly. However, indicators for measuring all outcomes related to these targets and the synergies between them have not been well defined or studied. One such relationship is the linkage between air quality with emotional well-being (EWB) and neighborhood infrastructure. Here, regulatory monitoring, low-cost sensors (LCSs), and air quality modeling were combined to assess exposures to PM2.5 and traffic-related NOx in 6 Minneapolis, MN, neighborhoods of varying infrastructur...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - May 21, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Lal RM, Das K, Fan Y, Barkjohn KK, Botchwey N, Ramaswami A, Russell AG Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Human Health Risk Assessment of Trace Metals in the Commonly Consumed Fish Species in Nakuru Town, Kenya.
Abstract The present study was conducted to determine daily intake of cadmium (Cd), copper (Cu), and lead (Pb) and to assess noncarcinogenic human health risk caused by these trace metals in the commonly consumed fish species (Oreochromis niloticus, Rastrineobola argentea, Lates niloticus, and Protopterus aethiopicus) in Nakuru town, Kenya. Trace metal determination in the composite samples of the commonly consumed fish species was done using flame atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Cd, Cu, and Pb content in the muscle tissues of the commonly consumed fish species ranged from 0.11 ± 0.045 to...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - May 21, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Esilaba F, Moturi WN, Mokua M, Mwanyika T Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Multiple Interventions for Improving Food Safety Practices in 2 Small Beef Abattoirs of Honduras and Associated Impacts on Risk-Mitigation Management.
Abstract Mitigation of risk for Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) and Salmonella contamination was evaluated after a multiple-intervention approach (comprising food safety education and training, implementation of customized food safety practices and programs, and environmental monitoring programs with audits and corrective actions) in 2 small Honduran beef abattoirs. Previously, neither abattoir had food safety programs in place nor were they subjected to strict food safety regulatory surveillance. Abattoirs A and B were sampled on 4 nonconsecutive months each. Swab samples of abattoir A (n =&t...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - May 5, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Casas D, Calle A, Bueso M, Huerta-Leidenz N, Miller MF, Brashears MM Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Examining the Relationship Between Low Birth Weight Occurrence and Passive Measures of Environmental Arsenic by Census Tract in Escambia and Santa Rosa Counties, Florida.
The objective of this study was to examine whether mothers living in areas of Escambia and Santa Rosa counties with varying levels of background arsenic in surface soil and water were associated with the occurrence of LBW. Inverse distance weight in ArcGIS was used to interpolate arsenic concentrations from environmental samples and estimate arsenic concentrations by census tracts in the two counties. After excluding multiple births and displaced geocoding addresses, birth data were obtained for the years of 2005 (n = 5845), 2010 (n = 5569), and 2015 (n = 5770) from the Bureau of V...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - April 29, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Scott-Richardson M, Ruiz MO, Smith RL Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Leveraging Existing Cohorts to Study Health Effects of Air Pollution on Cardiometabolic Disorders: India Global Environmental and Occupational Health Hub.
Abstract Air pollution is a growing public health concern in developing countries and poses a huge epidemiological burden. Despite the growing awareness of ill effects of air pollution, the evidence linking air pollution and health effects is sparse. This requires environmental exposure scientist and public health researchers to work more cohesively to generate evidence on health impacts of air pollution in developing countries for policy advocacy. In the Global Environmental and Occupational Health (GEOHealth) Program, we aim to build exposure assessment model to estimate ambient air pollution exposure at a very ...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - April 29, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Walia GK, Mandal S, Jaganathan S, Jaacks LM, Sieber NL, Dhillon PK, Krishna B, Magsumbol MS, Madhipatla KK, Kondal D, Cash RA, Reddy KS, Schwartz J, Prabhakaran D Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Determinants of Sanitation and Hygiene Status Among Food Establishments in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Conclusions: Above average of the food establishments were found to be in poor sanitation and hygiene state. Many core determinant factors that influence sanitation and hygienic status of food establishments were identified. The researchers suggest that formal training on sanitation and hygiene for managers of food establishments should be provided to reduce the occurrence of foodborne diseases. Moreover, strong food and water safety policy and strategy should be promulgated to improve sanitation and hygiene status of food establishments. PMID: 32341652 [PubMed] (Source: Environmental Health Insights)
Source: Environmental Health Insights - April 29, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Girmay AM, Gari SR, Mengistie Alemu B, Evans MR, Gebremariam AG Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Exploring Well Water Testing Behaviour Through the Health Belief Model.
Abstract Health problems can arise from consuming contaminated well water. Well water testing can help prevent negative health outcomes associated with consuming contaminated water. The aim of this study was to understand the factors influencing well owner decisions to conduct water testing through the theoretical lens of the Health Belief Model. We conducted semi-structured interviews with 20 well owners and used framework analysis to sort and analyse the data. The results demonstrated that well owners' perceived susceptibility to well water contamination was low, while the perceived severity of contamination, be...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - March 26, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Munene A, Lockyer J, Checkley S, Hall DC Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Evidence of Households' Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) Performance Improvement Following a WASH Education Program in Rural Dembiya, Northwest Ethiopia.
This study was, therefore, conducted to evaluate the effectiveness WASH education program on households' WASH performance in rural Dembiya, northwest Ethiopia. Method: An uncontrolled before-and-after intervention study was conducted. Baseline and endline surveys were done among 225 and 302 randomly selected households with under-5 children, respectively, using a structured questionnaire and observational checklists. Percent point change was used to see the effect of the intervention. Pearson χ2 and Fisher exact tests were used to test for statistically significant percentage point changes on the basis of P 
Source: Environmental Health Insights - February 22, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Gizaw Z, Addisu A Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Volatile Organic Compound Emissions From Heated Synthetic Hair: A Pilot Study.
Abstract Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are emitted from a variety of household and personal care products. Many VOCs are known to be potentially toxic or carcinogenic. Synthetic hair is used in hair-styling practices, including practices in African American communities that involve singeing or heating the synthetic hair. The research questions that we sought to answer were as follows: Are VOCs emitted from singed or heated synthetic hair? If so, what are the VOC species and relative masses identified in singed or heated synthetic hair? We tested samples from 2 sources of singed and heated synthetic hair in a m...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - February 20, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Auguste D, Miller SL Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Insecticide Resistance Profile of Anopheles gambiae Mosquitoes: A Study of a Residential and Industrial Breeding Sites in Kano Metropolis, Nigeria.
In conclusion, the study revealed a highly pyrethroid-resistant A coluzzii population with low PBO recovery rate. Furthermore, the data suggested the involvement of kdr mutation, detoxification enzyme, and possibly abiotic factors of the breeding sites. PMID: 31975780 [PubMed] (Source: Environmental Health Insights)
Source: Environmental Health Insights - January 26, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Ononamadu CJ, Datit JT, Imam AA Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Comparison Between Larval Survey Index and Positive Ovitrap Index in the Evaluation of Populations of Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti (Linnaeus, 1762) North of Paran á, Brazil.
Comparison Between Larval Survey Index and Positive Ovitrap Index in the Evaluation of Populations of Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti (Linnaeus, 1762) North of Paraná, Brazil. Environ Health Insights. 2020;14:1178630219886570 Authors: Nascimento KLC, da Silva JFM, Zequi JAC, Lopes J Abstract Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti (Linnaeus, 1762) is one of the world's most widely distributed mosquitoes and is the vector of the dengue virus, one of the most important reemerging diseases. Besides dengue, A. aegypti can also transmit urban yellow fever, chikungunya, and Zika virus, making it of great medical importa...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - January 16, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Nascimento KLC, da Silva JFM, Zequi JAC, Lopes J Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Occupational Health Risks and Hazards Among the Fisherfolk in Kampi Samaki, Lake Baringo, Kenya.
This study sought to understand the exposure of fisherfolk to human health risks, through fish handling and processing in Lake Baringo, Kenya. The study adopted a cross-sectional social survey design. A systematic random sampling technique was used to select respondents for this study. A semi-structured questionnaire was administered to the respondents to collect data on risks involved during the handling and processing of fish. Key informant interviews and observation checklists were also used to collect more information. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze data. Inferential statistics include...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - October 31, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Ngaruiya FW, Ogendi GM, Mokua MA Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Spatiotemporal Patterns of Small for Gestational Age and Low Birth Weight Births and Associations With Land Use and Socioeconomic Status.
Abstract In addition to small for gestational age (SGA) and low birth weight at term (LBWT), critically ill cases of SGA/LBWT are significant events from outcomes and economic perspectives that require further understanding of risk factors. We aimed to assess the spatiotemporal distribution of locations where there were consistently higher numbers of critically ill SGA/LBWT (hot spots) in comparison with all SGA/LBWT and all births. We focused on Edmonton (2008-2010) and Calgary (2006-2010), Alberta, and used a geographical information system to apply emerging hot spot analysis, as a new approach for understanding...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - September 7, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Nielsen CC, Amrhein CG, Shah PS, Aziz K, Osornio-Vargas AR Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

A Pilot Survey of Potentially Hazardous Trace Elements in the Aquatic Environment Near a Coastal Coal-Fired Power Plant in Taiwan.
Conclusions: The EPA must set an explicit regulation limit for aluminum, boron, iron, and strontium in the aquatic environment. This exploratory research will inform policymaking regarding certain trace elements that could potentially have an adverse impact on public health and wildlife. PMID: 31367176 [PubMed] (Source: Environmental Health Insights)
Source: Environmental Health Insights - August 3, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Kok VC, Winn PR, Hsieh YJ, Chien JW, Yang JM, Yeh GP Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research

Lessons Learned From the Creating Active Communities and Healthy Environments Toolkit Pilot: A Qualitative Study.
This study sought to improve its implementation process and assess subsequent Action Plan Guides' utility at 5 military installations. Baseline data included a knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs survey (N = 34); post-Toolkit implementation data included focus groups (N = 2) and interviews (N = 10). Although>80% of participants agreed the built environment affects healthy living, only 44%, 53%, and 35% agreed their installations' built environments promoted healthy eating, physical activity, and tobacco-free living, respectively. Emerging themes comprised "Opportunities to Im...
Source: Environmental Health Insights - July 21, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Shams-White MM, Cuccia A, Ona F, Bullock S, Chui K, McKeown N, Must A Tags: Environ Health Insights Source Type: research