Tuberculosis and anemia —cause or effect?
(Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - September 21, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Effect of COVID-19-restrictive measures on ambient particulate matter pollution in Yangon, Myanmar
AbstractBackgroundParticulate matter (PM) is recognized as the most harmful air pollutant to the human health. The Yangon city indeed suffers much from PM-related air pollution. Recent research has interestingly been focused on the novel subject of changes in the air quality associated with the restrictive measures in place during the current coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. The first case of COVID-19 in Myanmar was diagnosed on March 23, 2020. In this article, we report on our attempt to evaluate any effects of the COVID-19-restrictive measures on the ambient PM pollution in Yangon.MethodsWe measured the PM c...
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - September 18, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

The association between urinary bisphenol A levels and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in Korean adults: Korean National Environmental Health Survey (KoNEHS) 2015-2017
ConclusionsUrinary BPA levels are positively associated with the risk of NAFLD in adults. Further experimental studies are needed to understand the molecular mechanisms of BPA on NAFLD prevalence. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - September 14, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Biological and socioeconomic factors as moderator in relationship between leisure-time physical activity and cardiometabolic risk in adolescents from southern Brazil
ConclusionsThe association between LTPA and cardiometabolic risk was moderated by sex, skin color, and school system in adolescents from southern Brazil. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - September 14, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Analysis of furans and pyridines from new generation heated tobacco product in Japan
ConclusionsUsing the new collection and analytical method for furans and pyridines in the mainstream smoke of HTPs, the level of each compound to which smokers are exposed could be clarified. By comprehensively combining information on the amount of ingredients and toxicity, it will be possible to perform a more detailed calculation of the health risks of using HTPs. In addition, the components detected in this study may be the causative substances of indoor pollution through exhaled smoke and sidestream smoke; therefore, environmental research on the chemicals generated from HTPs would be warranted in future studies. (Sou...
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - September 13, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Education and household income and carotid intima-media thickness in Japan: baseline data from the Aidai Cohort Study in Yawatahama, Uchiko, Seiyo, and Ainan
ConclusionsHigher educational level may be associated with a lower prevalence of carotid wall thickening and a decrease in maximum CIMT only in participants aged 70 years or older. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - September 9, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Correction to: Association between household solid fuel use and tuberculosis: cross-sectional data from the Mongolian National Tuberculosis Prevalence Survey
(Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - September 7, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Associations of exposure to secondhand smoke with hypertension risk and blood pressure values in adults
ConclusionsOur results suggest a potential association between high SHS exposure and the risk of hypertension. Further research is needed to elucidate the underlying mechanisms. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - September 6, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Associations of negative life events and coping styles with sleep quality among Chinese adolescents: a cross-sectional study
AbstractBackgroundLimited published research has examined the relationships of negative life events and coping styles with sleep quality in Chinese junior high school students. We aimed to investigate the prevalence of poor sleep quality and to clarify the role of coping styles between negative life events and sleep quality.MethodsA cross-sectional study of 3081 students was conducted in Ganzhou City, Jiangxi Province, Southeastern China. Adolescent Self-Rating Life Events Checklist, Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire, and Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index were applied to assess negative life events, coping styles, and slee...
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - September 4, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Factors associated with food safety knowledge and practices among meat handlers in Bangladesh: a cross-sectional study
ConclusionsPoor knowledge and practices regarding food safety were found among Bangladeshi meat handlers. Findings may help public health professionals and practitioners develop targeted strategies to improve food safety knowledge and practices among this population. Such strategies may include education and sensitization on good food safety practices. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - August 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Association between height-related polymorphism rs17081935 and reduced handgrip strength in relation to status of atherosclerosis: a cross-sectional study
AbstractBackgroundAging is a process that increases oxidative stress. Increased oxidative stress leads to the development of atherosclerosis and mitochondrial dysfunction. Mitochondria contribute to energy production that might have a beneficial influence on maintaining muscle strength. Therefore, the height-related single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs17081935, which is also reported to be associated with mitochondrial metabolism, might be associated with reduced muscle strength and this association might be affected by atherosclerosis status. To clarify those associations, a cross-sectional study of 1374 elderly Japane...
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - August 26, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Correlation between estimated plasma remnant-like particle cholesterol and vegetable fat intake in Uku town, Japan
This study was performed in Uku town, Nagasaki prefecture, Japan in 2019. A total of 225 subjects were enrolled and directly measured RLP-C levels. Estimated RLP-C levels were defined as the following formula [total cholesterol − (LDL-cholesterol) − (HDL-cholesterol)]. Multivariate analyses were used to assess the relationship between estimated RLP-C and atherogenic factors. We calculated cut-off values on dichotomized RLP-C (
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - August 24, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Correction to: Classes of childhood adversities and their associations to the mental health of college undergraduates: a nationwide cross-sectional study
(Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - August 19, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Interaction of smoking and being bullied on suicidal behaviors: a school-based cross-sectional survey in China
ConclusionsThese finding suggest that smoking exacerbates the association between being bullied and suicidal behaviors. Future research should explore how and why smoking appears to more bully-victims than for those without smoking and how to mitigate it. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - August 13, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Paradoxical effects of arsenic in the lungs
AbstractHigh levels (> 100 ug/L) of arsenic are known to cause lung cancer; however, whether low ( ≤ 10 ug/L) and medium (10 to 100 ug/L) doses of arsenic will cause lung cancer or other lung diseases, and whether arsenic has dose-dependent or threshold effects, remains unknown. Summarizing the results of previous studies, we infer that low- and medium-concentration arsenic cause lung diseases in a dose-dependent manner. Arsenic trioxide (ATO) is recognized as a chemotherapeutic drug for acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL), also having a significant effect on lung cancer. The anti-lung cancer mechanisms of ATO include...
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - August 13, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

The effect of health literacy on health status among residents in Qingdao, China: a path analysis
ConclusionsHealth literacy was identified to be a critical factor in health status. The results emphasized that the dissemination of health knowledge, development of healthy behavior, and cultivation of self-efficacy should be jointly promoted to reinforce the level of health status among residents in future work. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - August 12, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Factors associated with adults ’ actions to confirm their own rubella immune status in Japan’s drive toward rubella elimination: Cross-sectional online survey of non-healthcare workers in their 20s to 40s
ConclusionsCurrently, insufficient voluntary action is being taken by high-risk adult populations to close the identified immunity gaps. In this last mile to rubella elimination, our findings and suggested potential interventions via annual health check-ups and occupational health and public health initiatives could prove helpful in developing further countermeasures that actively promote and implement supplementary immunization activities targeting all adult generations. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - August 11, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Association between household solid fuel use and tuberculosis: cross-sectional data from the Mongolian National Tuberculosis Prevalence Survey
ConclusionThe use of solid fuels for heating was significantly associated with active TB in Mongolian adults. Increased public awareness is needed on the use of household solid fuels, a source of IAP. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - August 9, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Regional disparity of certified teaching hospitals on physicians ’ workload and wages, and popularity among medical students in Japan
AbstractBackgroundRegional disparities in the working conditions of medical doctors have not been fully assessed in Japan. We aimed to clarify these differences in hospital characteristics: doctors ’ workload, wages, and popularity among medical students by city population sizes.MethodsWe targeted 423 teaching hospitals certified by the Japanese Society of Internal Medicine and assessed the working conditions of physicians specializing in internal medicine. We calculated their workload (the annual number of discharged patients per physician) and retrieved data on junior residents ’ monthly wages from the Resina...
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - July 20, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Impact of birth season on the years of life lost from respiratory diseases in the elderly related to ambient PM2.5 exposure in Ningbo, China
ConclusionsBirth season which reflects the early-life PM2.5 exposure level that may influence the lung development has a potential effect on the disease burden of respiratory diseases related to ambient PM2.5 exposure in later life. The results would provide theoretical basis to protect vulnerable population defined by birth season when exploring the adverse effects of ambient PM2.5 in the respiratory health. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - July 17, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Classes of childhood adversities and their associations to the mental health of college undergraduates: a nationwide cross-sectional study
ConclusionsExperiencing multiple ACEs and household violence in conjunction with CSEs significantly predict psychological distress and subjective well-being. Contextual interventions for the early identification of ACEs and the management of CSEs may play a crucial role in the prevention of mental health problems. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - July 17, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Air pollution and children ’s health—a review of adverse effects associated with prenatal exposure from fine to ultrafine particulate matter
ConclusionPolicies to reduce maternal exposure and health consequences in children should be a high priority. PM2.5 levels are regulated, yet it is recognized that minority and low socioeconomic status groups experience disproportionate exposures. Moreover, PM0.1 levels are not routinely measured or currently regulated. Consequently, preventive strategies that inform neighborhood/regional planning and clinical/nutritional recommendations are needed to mitigate maternal exposure and ultimately protect children ’s health. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - July 12, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Associations of education and income with hazardous drinking among postpartum women in Japan: results from the TMM BirThree Cohort Study
ConclusionsPostpartum women with lower education and lower income had higher risks of hazardous drinking in Japan. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - July 3, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Morphology and epidemiological study of idiopathic scoliosis among primary school students in Chaozhou, China
ConclusionsThe prevalence of IS among primary school students in Chaozhou was at an average level, and it was significantly higher in females than in males. Lower body mass, having myopia, insufficient sleep time, and lower physical activity were associated with IS. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - July 3, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Seasonality of mortality under a changing climate: a time-series analysis of mortality in Japan between 1972 and 2015
ConclusionSeasonality of mortality is driven partly by temperature, and its amplitude may be decreasing under a warming climate. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - July 3, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

When physical activity meets the physical environment: precision health insights from the intersection
ConclusionsAlthough at present non-personalized approaches may be more widespread than those tailored to one person ’s physical environment, targeting intrinsic personal elements (e.g., medical conditions, sex, age, socioeconomic status) has interesting potential to enhance the likelihood and ability of individuals to participate in physical activity. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - June 30, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Symptoms of mental health problems among Italian adolescents in 2017 –2018 school year: a multicenter cross-sectional study
ConclusionsTobacco and alcohol use, screen time, bullying, and school climate were independently associated with symptoms of mental health problems in a large sample of 15 –16-year-old Italian adolescents without substantial gender and geographical differences. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - June 21, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Associations of novel 24-h accelerometer-derived metrics with adiposity in children and adolescents
AbstractBackgroundFurther research is required to explore the associations between 24-h movement behaviours and health outcomes in the paediatric population. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the associations between novel data-driven 24-h activity metrics and adiposity among children and adolescents.MethodsThe sample included 382 children (8 –13 years) and 338 adolescents (14–18 years). The average acceleration (AvAcc) of activity, intensity gradient (IG), and metrics representing the initial acceleration for the most active time periods of the 24-h cycle were calculated from raw acceleration data. Adipos...
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - June 12, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Geographical variations and associated factors of defaulting from immunization among children aged 12 to 23 months in Ethiopia: using spatial and multilevel analysis of 2016 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey
AbstractBackgroundIn Ethiopia, despite the considerable improvement in immunization coverage, the burden of defaulting from immunization among children is still high with marked variation among regions. However, the geographical variation and contextual factors of defaulting from immunization were poorly understood. Hence, this study aimed to identify the spatial pattern and associated factors of defaulting from immunization.MethodsAn in-depth analysis of the 2016 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS 2016) data was used. A total of 1638 children nested in 552 enumeration areas (EAs) were included in the analysis. ...
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - June 12, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

A cross-sectional study to assess knowledge of women about cervical cancer: an urban and rural comparison
AbstractIntroductionCervical cancer and its etiopathogenesis, the age of women in whom it is diagnosed, average life expectancy, and prognosis are information widely covered in scientific reports. However, there is no coherent information regarding which regions —urban or rural—it may occur more often. This is important because the literature on the subject reports that people living in rural areas have a worse prognosis when it comes to detection, treatment, and life expectancy than city dwellers.Material and methodsThe subjects of the study were women and their knowledge about cervical cancer. The research wa...
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - June 7, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Dietary supplement use in elementary school children: a Japanese web-based survey
ConclusionThis study showed that Japanese children primarily use non-vitamin, non-mineral supplements. Non-vitamin, non-mineral supplements should thus be included in future studies aimed at monitoring dietary supplement use. We also found that dietary supplement use in children was associated with sports participation. Guidelines for dietary supplement use for children, in particular sport participants, are needed. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - June 5, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Associations between handgrip strength and hypertension in relation to circulating CD34-positive cell levels among Japanese older men: a cross-sectional study
ConclusionThe positive association between handgrip strength and hypertension is limited to high CD34-positive cells. This result may help clarify the role of vascular homeostasis in maintaining muscle strength. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - June 4, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Hepatitis B and C virus infection among healthcare workers in Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis
This study aimed to determine the pooled prevalence of hepatitis B and C infections among health care workers in Africa.MethodsStudies reporting the prevalence of HBV and HCV were identified from major databases and gray literature. PubMed, CINAHL, POPLINE, ScienceDirect, African Journals Online (AJOL), and Google Scholar were systematically searched to identify relevant studies. A random-effect model was used to estimate the pooled prevalence of hepatitis B and C among health care workers in Africa. The heterogeneity of studies was assessed using Cochran Q statistics and I2 tests. Publication bias was assessed using Begg ...
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - June 2, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

A comparative analysis on risk communication between international and Chinese literature from the perspective of  knowledge domain visualization
ConclusionsIn summary, both domestic and international researchers are concerned about risk communication, risk perception, trust, and risk information. International research on risk communication is systematic and comprehensive relatively. However, Chinese scholars take severe acute respiratory syndrome as the research background and reviewing foreign knowledge as the research starting point. With the purpose of practical and applied research based on a public emergency, the risk communication research lacks continuity in Chinese academy in the past years. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - May 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Hokkaido birth cohort study on environment and children ’s health: cohort profile 2021
ConclusionsChemical exposure to children can occur both before and after birth. Longer follow-up for children is crucial in birth cohort studies to reinforce the Developmental Origins of Health and Disease hypothesis. In contrast, considering shifts in the exposure levels due to regulation is also essential, which may also change the association to health outcomes. This study found that individual susceptibility to adverse health effects depends on the genotype. Epigenome modification of DNA methylation was also discovered, indicating the necessity of examining molecular biology perspectives. International collaborations c...
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - May 22, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

The willingness for dietary and behavioral changes in frontline epidemic prevention workers after experiencing the outbreak of COVID-19 in China: a cross-sectional study
ConclusionsThe dietary and behavioral habits of frontline epidemic prevention workers were worse than that those of other participants before COVID-19. They had a greater willingness to adopt healthy dietary and behavioral habits after experiencing the outbreak of COVID-19. However, frontline epidemic prevention workers with poor dietary and behavioral habits before COVID-19 continued in engage in these poor habits. Dietary and behavioral intervention policies should be drafted to protect their health, especially frontline epidemic prevention workers with poor habits at baseline. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - May 18, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Association between socioeconomic status and prolonged television viewing time in a general Japanese population: NIPPON DATA2010
This study included 2752 adults. SES was classified according to the employment status, educational attainment, living status, and equivalent household expenditure (EHE). Prolonged TV viewing time was defined as more than or equal to 4 h of TV viewing per day. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were conducted to examine the association of SES with prolonged TV viewing time.ResultsThe mean TV viewing time was 2.92 h in all participants. Of 2752 participants, 809 (29.4%) prolonged TV viewing, and the mean TV viewing time of them was 5.61 h. The mean TV viewing time in participants without prolonged TV viewing time wa...
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - May 7, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

The relationship between socioeconomic status and childhood overweight/obesity is linked through paternal obesity and dietary intake: a cross-sectional study in Chongqing, China
This study aimed to reveal the prevalence of childhood obesity and examine the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and z-body mass index (z-BMI) via parental obesity and dietary intake using path analysis.MethodsStratified cluster sampling was used to select 17,007 participants aged 6 –12 years on two avenues per region in urban, suburban, and rural areas. Path analysis was conducted to examine the mediators between SES and z-BMI.ResultsThe prevalence rates of overweight and obesity were 13.36% and 8.60%, respectively, and were positively correlated with the father ’s education level, family income,...
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - May 4, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Food safety knowledge, attitude, and hygiene practices of street-cooked food handlers in North Dayi District, Ghana
This study aimed at assessing knowledge, attitude, and hygiene practices (KAP) of food safety among street-cooked food handlers (SCFHs) in North Dayi District, Ghana.MethodsThis was a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted on 407 SCFHs in North Dayi District, Ghana. The World Health Organization ’s Five Keys to Safer Food for food handlers and a pretested structured questionnaire were adapted for data collection among stationary SCFHs along principal streets. Significant parameters such as educational status, average monthly income, registered SCFHs, and food safety training course were u sed in bivariate and mu...
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - May 3, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Effect of diurnal temperature range on emergency room visits for acute upper respiratory tract infections
ConclusionsDTR was associated with a higher risk for ER visits for URI. In addition, the results suggested that the lag effects and relative risks of DTR on URI were quite different according to age. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - May 3, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Correction to: Prediction of 11-year incidence of psychophysically dependent status or death among community-dwelling younger elderlies: from an age-specified community-based cohort study (the NISSIN project)
(Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - May 1, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Survival of HIV/AIDS patients treated under ART follow-up at the University hospital, northwest Ethiopia
ConclusionsFewer deaths were reported in a study area due to high patient adherence, compared to previous similar studies. Age, educational status, family size, alcohol consumption, tobacco and chat usage, baseline and current weight, baseline CD4 cell count, baseline hemoglobin, and tuberculosis (TB) diseases were all significant predictors of survival of HIV/AIDS patients. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - April 30, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Determinants of bone health in elderly Japanese men: study design and key findings of the Fujiwara-kyo Osteoporosis Risk in Men (FORMEN) cohort study
AbstractBackgroundThe Fujiwara-kyo Osteoporosis Risk in Men (FORMEN) study was launched to investigate risk factors for osteoporotic fractures, interactions of osteoporosis with other non-communicable chronic diseases, and effects of fracture on QOL and mortality.MethodsFORMEN baseline study participants (in 2007 and 2008) included 2012 community-dwelling men (aged 65 –93 years) in Nara prefecture, Japan. Clinical follow-up surveys were conducted 5 and 10 years after the baseline survey, and 1539 and 906 men completed them, respectively. Supplemental mail, telephone, and visit surveys were conducted with non-particip...
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - April 23, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Effect of IL-15 addition on asbestos-induced suppression of human cytotoxic T lymphocyte induction
ConclusionThese findings indicate that CTLs induced upon exposure to asbestos possess dysfunctional machinery that can be partly compensated by IL-15 supplementation, and that IL-15 is more effective in the recovery of proliferation and granzyme B levels from asbestos-induced suppression of CTL induction compared with IL-2. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - April 19, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Associations between floods and bacillary dysentery cases in main urban areas of Chongqing, China, 2005 –2016: a retrospective study
ConclusionsThis study confirms that floods can increase the risk of bacillary dysentery incidence in main urban areas of Chongqing within an accurate time scale, the risk of bacillary dysentery caused by floods is still serious. The key population includes male, people under 5  years old, students, workers, and children. Considering the lag effect of floods on bacillary dysentery, the government and public health emergency departments should advance to the emergency health response in order to minimize the potential risk of floods on public. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - April 19, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Early childhood traffic-related air pollution and risk of allergic rhinitis at 2 –4 years of age modification by family stress and male gender: a case-control study in Shenyang, China
ConclusionsFamily stress and male gender may increase the risk of AR in preschool children with early exposure to PM10 and NO2. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - April 17, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Urinary N-terminal pro –B-type natriuretic peptide as a biomarker for cardiovascular events in a general Japanese population: the Hisayama Study
AbstractBackgroundEpidemiological evidence has shown that serum N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) concentrations, a diagnostic biomarker for heart failure, are positively associated with cardiovascular risk. Since NT-proBNP in serum is excreted in urine, it is hypothesized that urinary NT-proBNP concentrations are correlated with serum concentrations and linked with cardiovascular risk in the general population.MethodsA total of 3060 community-dwelling residents aged ≥ 40 years without history of cardiovascular disease (CVD) were followed up for a median of 8.3 years (2007–2015). Serum and urina...
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - April 12, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Prediction of 11-year incidence of psychophysically dependent status or death among community-dwelling younger elderlies: from an age-specified community-based cohort study (the NISSIN project)
ConclusionsWe developed a prediction model for older adults to forecast 11-year incidence of dependent status requiring nursing care or death in each sex. The predictability was fair, but we could not evaluate the external validity of this model. It could be of some help for healthcare planners, policy makers, clinicians, older individuals, and their family members to weigh the priority of support. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - April 10, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Association between the type of physical activity and metabolic syndrome in middle-aged and older adult residents of a semi-mountainous area in Japan
ConclusionsCompared to middle-aged and older women residents  with exercise in a semi-mountainous area of Japan, those with daily physical activity may effectively prevent metabolic syndrome. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - April 10, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

The association between overweight and prevalence of food allergy in Japanese children: a cross-sectional study
ConclusionsOur results showed that being overweight was significantly associated with a higher prevalence of FA in girls, but not in boys. Further prospective studies are necessary to find the causal relationship between overweight and FA. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - April 5, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research