Cross-sectional survey of depressive symptoms and suicide-related ideation at a Japanese national university during the COVID-19 stay-home order
ConclusionsNegative lifestyles of smoking and drinking, and being a woman, may be important risk factors for depressive symptoms, whereas exercise and having someone to consult about worries may be protective factors. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - March 5, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Public perceptions, individual characteristics, and preventive behaviors for COVID-19 in six countries: a cross-sectional study
ConclusionsThese findings suggest that higher perceived effectiveness may be a common factor to encourage preventive behaviors in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. These results may provide a better understanding of the homogeneity and heterogeneity of factors related to preventive behaviors and improve public health policies in various countries and groups. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - March 3, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Reproducibility and validity of food group intake in a short food frequency questionnaire for the middle-aged Japanese population
ConclusionThe FFQ demonstrated high reproducibility and reasonable validity for food group intake. This questionnaire is short and remains appropriate for identifying associations between diet and health/disease among adults in Japan. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - March 2, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

The prevalence of psychological distress during pregnancy in Miyagi Prefecture for 3 years after the Great Eas t Japan Earthquake
ConclusionsThe lack of pre-disaster data in the Japan Environment and Children ’s Study made it impossible to compare the incidence of psychological distress before and after the March 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake. However, 3 years after the Great East Japan Earthquake, the prevalence of pregnant women with psychological distress did not improve in Miyagi Regional Center . Further, the prevalence of mental illness in inland areas was consistently higher than that in the 13 regional centers after the disaster. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - February 26, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Effectiveness of community and school-based sanitation interventions in improving latrine coverage: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled interventions
AbstractIntroductionApproximately 1000 children die each year due to preventable water and sanitation-related diarrheal diseases. Six in 10 people lacked access to safely managed sanitation facilities in 2015. Numerous community- and school-based approaches have been implemented to eradicate open defecation practices, promote latrine ownership, improve situation sanitation, and reduce waterborne disease.ObjectiveGiven that current evidence for sanitation interventions seem promising, the aim of this study was to systematically summarize existing research on the effectiveness of community- and school-based randomized contro...
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - February 24, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Lower albumin levels are associated with frailty measures, trace elements, and an inflammation marker in a cross-sectional study in Tanushimaru
ConclusionsLower albumin levels, even in the normal range, were found to be related factors of frailty measures, trace elements, and an inflammation marker in a general population. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - February 19, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Time trends of socioeconomic inequalities in adolescent smoking in Okinawa, Japan, 2008 –2016: a repeated cross-sectional study
ConclusionsSmoking among Japanese adolescents has been declining and time trends of socioeconomic inequalities in smoking varied by absolute and relative measures. Further policies and/or interventions to reduce smoking inequalities should focus on the context of schools, especially in vocational high schools. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - February 17, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Correction to: Effects of short-term exposure to ambient airborne pollutants on COPD-related mortality among the elderly residents of Chengdu city in Southwest China
An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - February 16, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Rapid respiratory panel test for non-COVID-19 pathogen examinations among frontline medical personnel in Taiwan
(Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - February 13, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Dental caries and associated factors in Ethiopia: systematic review and meta-analysis
ConclusionOur meta-analysis found that the prevalence of dental caries was comparatively high, and sweet food consumption was the most risk issue for dental caries in Ethiopia. The Ethiopian Federal Ministry of Health ought to offer a lot of attention to strengthen the oral health care system and also the implementation of community-level interference programs. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - February 12, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Outdoor air pollution and diminished ovarian reserve among infertile Korean women
AbstractBackgroundMounting evidence implicates an association between ambient air pollution and impaired reproductive potential of human. Our study aimed to assess the association between air pollution and ovarian reserve in young, infertile women.MethodsOur study included 2276 Korean women who attended a single fertility center in 2016 –2018. Women’s exposure to air pollution was assessed using concentrations of particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), carbon monoxide (CO), sulfur dioxide (SO2), and ozone (O3) that had been collected at 269 air quality monitoring sites. Exposure estimates w...
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - February 11, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Influence of height on endothelial maintenance activity: a narrative review
AbstractRecent studies have revealed an inverse association between height and cardiovascular disease. However, the background mechanism of this association has not yet been clarified. Height has also been reported to be positively associated with cancer. Therefore, well-known cardiovascular risk factors, such as increased oxidative stress and chronic inflammation, are not the best explanations for this inverse association because these risk factors are also related to cancer. However, impaired blood flow is the main pathological problem in cardiovascular disease, while glowing feeding vessels (angiogenesis) are the main c...
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - February 6, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Increasing hepatitis virus screening uptake at worksites in Japan using nudge theory and full subsidies
ConclusionsWhile fully subsidized screening led to the highest hepatitis screening rates, modifying client reminders using nudge theory significantly increased hepatitis screening uptake at lower costs per person. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - February 1, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Possible mechanisms underlying the association between human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) and hypertension in elderly Japanese population
ConclusionAsymptomatic HTLV-1 infection is inversely associated with hypertension, possibly by activating endothelial maintenance, including atherosclerosis progression. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - January 29, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Replacing school and out-of-school sedentary behaviors with physical activity and its associations with adiposity in children and adolescents: a compositional isotemporal substitution analysis
ConclusionsA reduction of out-of-school SB in favor of light PA should be advocated as an appropriate target for interventions and strategies to prevent childhood obesity. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - January 27, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Association between exposure to ambient air pollution and hospital admission, incidence, and mortality of stroke: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis of more than 23 million participants
ConclusionsExposure to air pollution was positively associated with an increased risk of stroke hospital admission (PM2.5, PM10, SO2, NO2, CO, and O3), incidence (PM2.5, SO2, and NO2), and mortality (PM2.5, PM10, SO2, and NO2). Our study would provide a more comprehensive evidence of air pollution and stroke, especially SO2 and NO2. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - January 26, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Effects of exposure to low-dose ionizing radiation on changing platelets: a prospective cohort study
ConclusionWe concluded that although the exposure dose was below the limit, medical workers exposed to low-dose ionizing radiation for a short period of time might have increased first and then decreased platelets, and there was a dose-response relationship between the cumulative radiation dose and platelets changing. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - January 25, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Anemia as a risk factor for tuberculosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis
ConclusionAccording to the current systematic review and meta-analysis, we can conclude that anemia was a risk factor for tuberculosis. Therefore, anemia screening, early diagnose, and treatment should be provoked in the community to reduce the burden of tuberculosis. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - January 23, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Determinants of alcohol consumption and marijuana use among young adults in the Republic of Palau
This study aimed to describe the status of alcohol consumption and drug use among young adults as well as their determinants.MethodsWe conducted a cross-sectional study of 356 young adults (aged 18 to 24 years) living in Palau in 2013. The prevalence of self-reported alcohol and marijuana usage were compared within and between sexes, age groups, ethnicities, and education levels.ResultsThe proportion of current drinking was higher in people aged 21 –24 than in those aged 18–20 (73.2% vs. 60.9%,p = 0.09 in men and 48.3% vs. 30.0%,p = 0.02 in women), while that of marijuana use did not differ between the age grou...
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - January 22, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Prevalence of an incompetent lip seal during growth periods throughout Japan: a large-scale, survey-based, cross-sectional study
AbstractBackgroundSystemic and local factors may lead to disruption of craniofacial growth and development, causing an imbalance between the orofacial skeleton, muscle and soft tissue, dental occlusion, and the dental arch during growth periods. We aimed to reveal whether the prevalence of incompetent lip seal (ILS) varies with age and region, as well as to clarify the factors related to an ILS, in a national, large-scale epidemiological study.MethodsWe surveyed 3399 children, from 3 to 12  years of age, visiting 66 pediatric dental clinics throughout Japan. For this survey, we employed a questionnaire consisting of...
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - January 21, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Examining geographical disparities in the incubation period of the COVID-19 infected cases in Shenzhen and Hefei, China
ConclusionCase studies of the COVID-19 outbreak in Shenzhen and Hefei indicated that the incubation period of COVID-19 had exhibited evident geographical disparities, although the pathological causality between meteorological conditions and incubation period deserves further investigation. Methodologies based on big data released by local public health authorities are applicable for identifying incubation period and relevant epidemiological research. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - January 18, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Cross-sectional study of individual and environmental factors associated with life-space mobility among community-dwelling independent older people
ConclusionsOur findings suggest that modifiable individual factors and environmental factors are related to life-space mobility among community-dwelling older people. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - January 18, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

The mechanism of enriched environment repairing the learning and memory impairment in offspring of prenatal stress by regulating the expression of activity-regulated cytoskeletal-associated and insulin-like growth factor-2 in hippocampus
ConclusionsThe learning and memory impairment in offspring of prenatal stress can be rectified by the enriched environment, the mechanism of which is related to the decreasing plasma corticosterone and increasing hippocampal IGF-2 and Arc of offspring rats following maternal chronic stress during pregnancy. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - January 15, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Effects of short-term exposure to ambient airborne pollutants on COPD-related mortality among the elderly residents of Chengdu city in Southwest China
This study is the first to examine the association between short-term exposure to ambient airborne pollutants and COPD-related mortality among elderly people in the central Sichuan Basin of southwestern China.MethodsData on COPD-related mortality among elderly people aged 60 and older were obtained from the Population Death Information Registration and Management System (PDIRMS). Data on airborne pollutants comprised of particulate matter
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - January 12, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Effect of professional certification on employees ’ return-to-work rate after occupational injuries in Korea: focusing on vulnerable groups
ConclusionIn conclusion, injured workers with a certification generally had a higher RTW rate. In particular, the RTW rate was higher among female workers and daily workers with a certification than among those without. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - January 12, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

National, regional, and global prevalence of cigarette smoking among women/females in the general population: a systematic review and meta-analysis
ConclusionsThe prevalence of cigarette smoking among women is very high, which is significant in all subgroups of adolescents, adults, and pregnant women. Therefore, it is necessary to design and implement appropriate educational programs for them, especially in schools, to reduce the side effects and prevalence of smoking among women. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - January 8, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Regional-level risk factors for severe hand-foot-and-mouth disease: an ecological study from mainland China
ConclusionExcept for the type of infected pathogen, the case-severity rate of HFMD was closely related to city development and meteorological factor. These findings suggest that social and environmental factors may also play an important role in the progress of severe HFMD. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - January 8, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Early childhood screen time as a predictor of emotional and behavioral problems in children at 4  years: a birth cohort study in China
ConclusionsHigher ST exposure at early childhood is associated with later emotional and behavioral problems. In particular, sustained high ST exposure is a risk factor for behavioral problems. These findings suggested the importance of controlling ST to prevent the occurrence of emotional and behavioral problems in the early years. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - January 7, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Biomass-fuelled improved cookstove intervention to prevent household air pollution in Northwest Ethiopia: a cluster randomized controlled trial
ConclusionsThe biomass-fuelled improved cookstove intervention significantly reduces the concentration of household air pollution compared to the traditional method. This suggests that the implementation of these cookstove technologies may be necessary to achieve household air pollution exposure reductions.Trial registrationThe trial project was retrospectively registered on August 2, 2018, at the clinicaltrials.gov registry database (https://clinicaltrials.gov/) with theNCT03612362 registration identifier number. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - January 4, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

The CEBPE rs2239633 genetic polymorphism on susceptibility to childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia: an updated meta-analysis
ConclusionThis meta-analysis found no significant association between the CEBPE rs2239633 polymorphism and susceptibility to CALL. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - January 4, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Optimization and validation of a highly sensitive method for determining glyphosate in human urine by solid-phase extraction and liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry: a methodological study
AbstractBackgroundGlyphosate and its salt formulations are nonselective herbicides that have been extensively used worldwide, both for residential and agricultural purposes. The possible carcinogenicity and teratogenicity of glyphosate remain to be elucidated. We developed a sensitive and high-throughput analytical method for urinary glyphosate using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry with the aim of contributing to glyphosate exposure assessment in epidemiological studies.MethodsAfter urine dilution (creatinine matching dilution to 0.05  g creatinine/L), glyphosate was extracted using two types of solid...
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - December 12, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Association between high psychological distress and poor oral health-related quality of life (OHQoL) in Japanese community-dwelling people: the Nagasaki Islands Study
AbstractBackgroundWe investigated the association between psychological distress and oral health status/oral health-related quality of life (OHQoL) in Japanese community-dwelling people.MethodsWe conducted a cross-sectional study using data from the Nagasaki Islands Study. A total of 1183 (455 men and 728 women) has been analyzed in this study. Psychological distress was measured using the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K6). Oral health status was measured by dental examination. The OHQoL was measured using the General Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI). We defined the total score of ≥5 points on the K6 as high...
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - December 10, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Households with unimproved water sources in Ethiopia: spatial variation and point-of-use treatment based on 2016 Demographic and Health Survey
ConclusionAn apparent clustering trend with high unimproved water coverage was observed between regions and among wealth quintiles hence indicates priority areas for future resource allocation and the need for regional and national policies to address the issue. Promoting households to treat water prior to drinking is essential to reduce health problems. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - December 7, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

An age-period-cohort analysis of mortality rates for stomach, colorectal, liver, and lung cancer among prefectures in Japan, 1999 –2018
ConclusionsThe decreasing rates of cohort effects for stomach and liver cancer varied widely among prefectures. It is possible that this will influence cancer mortality rates in each prefecture in the future. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - December 5, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Lack of association between multiple polymorphisms in aryl hydrocarbon receptor ( AhR ) gene and cancer susceptibility
ConclusionThis meta-analysis provides evidence that the rs2066853, rs7796976, or rs2074113 polymorphism inAhR gene is not a susceptible predictor of cancer. Further clinical and functional investigation betweenAhR polymorphisms and cancer susceptibility are needed. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - December 5, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Association between self-reported snoring and hypertension among Chinese Han population aged 30 –79 in Chongqing, China
AbstractBackgroundWe aim to explore the association between self-reported snoring and hypertension among adults aged 30 –79 in Chongqing, China.MethodsA total of 23,342 individuals aged 30 –79 were included at baseline from August 2018 to January 2019, and the final sample size for the analysis was 22,423. Face-to-face interviews and physical examinations were conducted by trained investigators. Logistic regression was performed to study age-specific and gender-specific associations between snoring and hypertension.ResultsFrequent snoring was associated with the risk of hypertension for each age and gender grou...
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - December 3, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Acute effect of ambient fine particulate matter on heart rate variability: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis of panel studies
ConclusionShort-term exposure to PM2.5 was associated with decreased HRV levels. Future studies are warranted to clarity the exact mechanism of exposure to PM2.5 on the cardiovascular system through disturbance of autonomic nervous function. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - December 1, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

The use of geographical analysis in assessing the impact of patients ’ home addresses on their participation in outpatient cardiac rehabilitation: a prospective cohort study
AbstractPurposeGeographical analysis is becoming a powerful tool for evaluating the quality of medical services and acquiring fundamental data for medical decision-making. Using geographical analysis, we evaluated the impact of the distance from patients ’ homes to the hospital on their participation in outpatient cardiac rehabilitation (OCR).MethodsAll patients hospitalized for percutaneous coronary intervention, coronary artery bypass grafting, valvular surgery, congestive heart failure, and aortic diseases were advised to participate in an OCR program after discharge. Using the dataset of our cohort study of OCR f...
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - November 28, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Estimation of daily sodium and potassium excretion from overnight urine of Japanese children and adolescents
ConclusionWe obtained validated equations to estimate daily Na and K excretion with accessible variables such as Na, K, and Cr concentrations of overnight urine, body height and weight, and age for children and adolescents. When using the obtained equations, caution should be paid to small but definite biases and measurement errors. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - November 27, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Effects of the built environment on physical activity: a systematic review of longitudinal studies taking sex/gender into account
ConclusionThis review sheds light on the relevance of the built environment on PA. By focusing on sex/gender differences, a new aspect was addressed that should be further analyzed in future research and considered by urban planners and other practitioners. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - November 27, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Associations of socioeconomic status and lifestyle factors with dental neglect of elementary school children: the MEXT Super Shokuiku School Project
ConclusionsSocioeconomic status was the strongest factor associated with dental neglect despite the fact that the children ’s medical expenses are paid in full by the National Health Insurance in Toyama, Japan. Future studies should investigate what factors prevent parents of non-affluent families from taking their children to dental clinics and how they can be socially supported to access adequate medical care. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - November 25, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Spectator medicine at an international mega sports event: Rugby World Cup 2019 in Japan
ConclusionPreparation and provision of appropriate medical service for spectators is a key factor for mass-gathering events. During RWC 2019, the majority (91.5%) of patients who sought medical attention did so for minor complaints, which were easily assessed and managed. On the other hand, a higher WBGT situation contributes significantly to an increased PPR ( 25, 2.04 versus 4.27,p = 0.04). Careful medical preparation, management, and development of public education programs for higher WBGT situations will be required in the future for similar international mega sports events. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - November 24, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Analysis of multidimensional factors in attempts to quit using tobacco by Korean adolescents
ConclusionsSchools and public healthcare providers must consider multidimensional factors when providing support for successful tobacco cessation in adolescents and focus particularly on elements relating to physical activity and environmental factors. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - November 20, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Resveratrol inhibits Ca 2+ signals and aggregation of platelets
ConclusionsThe results suggest that resveratrol inhibits thrombin-induced platelet aggregation through decreasing Ca2+ release from its stores and inhibiting store-operated Ca2+ influx into platelets. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - November 7, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

PM 2.5 exposure and DLEC1 promoter methylation in Taiwan Biobank participants
AbstractBackgroundParticulate matter (PM)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - November 5, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Associations between thyroid-stimulating hormone and hypertension according to thyroid cyst status in the general population: a cross-sectional study
AbstractBackgroundThe absence of thyroid cysts may indicate latent thyroid damage, as demonstrated in our previous study. However, the association between the absence of thyroid cysts and latent functional damage of the thyroid is unknown. At low thyroid hormone productivity, which may be associated with latent functional damage of the thyroid, the association between thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and hypertension might be enhanced. Therefore, we evaluated the association between TSH level and hypertension stratified by thyroid cyst status.MethodsWe conducted a cross-sectional study of 1724 euthyroid Japanese individua...
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - November 5, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Household air pollution and under-five mortality in sub-Saharan Africa: an analysis of 14 demographic and health surveys
ConclusionsHAP exposure may be associated with an increased risk of under-five mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. More carefully designed longitudinal studies are required to contribute to these findings. In addition, awareness campaigns on the effects of HAP exposure and interventions to reduce the use of biomass fuels are required in SSA. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - November 4, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Environmental factors involved in SARS-CoV-2 transmission: effect and role of indoor environmental quality in the strategy for COVID-19 infection control
This article summarizes the environmental factors involved in SARS-CoV-2 transmission, including a strategy to prevent SARS-CoV-2 transmission in a building environment. SARS-CoV-2 can persist on surfaces of fomites for at least 3  days depending on the conditions. If SARS-CoV-2 is aerosolized intentionally, it is stable for at least several hours. SARS-CoV-2 is inactivated rapidly on surfaces with sunlight. Close-contact aerosol transmission through smaller aerosolized particles is likely to be combined with respiratory dr oplets and contact transmission in a confined, crowded, and poorly ventilated indoor environm...
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - November 3, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

An overview of occupational noise-induced hearing loss among workers: epidemiology, pathogenesis, and preventive measures
AbstractOccupational noise-induced hearing loss (ONIHL) is the most prevalent occupational disease in the world. The goal of this study was to review the epidemiology, pathogenesis, and preventive measures of ONIHL among workers and provide evidence for the implementation of control measures. Literature studies were identified from the MEDLINE, PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Google Scholar using the search terms “noise-induced hearing loss” “prevalence”, “pathogenesis”, and “preventive measures”. The articles reviewed in this report were limited from 2000 to 2020. Articl...
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - October 31, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Study design and baseline characteristics of a population-based prospective cohort study of dementia in Japan: the Japan Prospective Studies Collaboration for Aging and Dementia (JPSC-AD)
ConclusionsThe prospective cohort data from the JPSC-AD will provide valuable insights regarding the risk factors and etiology of dementia as well as for the development of predictive models and diagnostic markers for the future onset of dementia. The findings of this study will improve our understanding of dementia and provide helpful information to establish effective preventive strategies for dementia in Japan. (Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine)
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - October 31, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research