Is Routine Genetic Testing Warranted in Head and Neck Paragangliomas?
All individuals presenting with an extratympanic paraganglioma of the head and neck should undergo genetic testing. (Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices)
Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices - November 11, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Nidhi Gupta, MD, Scott E. Strome, MD, and Kyle M. Hatten, MD Tags: Head and Neck Practice Focus TRIO Best Practices clinical best practices genetic testing head and neck cancer paragangliomas Source Type: research

Should Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea Be Screened for Depression?
Screening for depression in patients with OSA would be worthwhile because there is a high rate of comorbidity. (Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices)
Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices - November 11, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Josie Xu, MD, Kenny P. Pang, FRCS, and Brian Rotenberg, MD, MPH Tags: Practice Focus Sleep Medicine TRIO Best Practices depression Obstructive sleep apnea patient care Source Type: research

Are Diuretics Useful in the Treatment of Meni ére’s Disease?
There is a critical need for high-quality randomized control trials to determine if diuretics are effective for treating Meniére’s disease. (Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices)
Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices - November 11, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Sagit Stern Shavit, MD, and Anil K. Lalwani, MD Tags: Otology/Neurotology Practice Focus TRIO Best Practices Meniere's disease Source Type: research

Is Acupuncture Effective in Reducing Overall Symptomatology in Chronic Rhinosinusitis?
There is insufficient evidence to support the use of acupuncture in CRS. (Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices)
Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices - October 14, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Andy J. Jin, MSc, Christopher J. Chin, MD Tags: Practice Focus Rhinology TRIO Best Practices acupuncture chronic rhinosinusitis CRS Source Type: research

When Should Parotidectomy and a Neck Dissection Be Performed in Cutaneous SCC of the Head and Neck?
There is no uniformity or consensus on the effective management of the N zero nodal basin in cSCC. (Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices)
Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices - October 14, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Ameya Asarkar, MD, Paige Bundrick, MD and Cherie-Ann O. Nathan, MD Tags: Head and Neck Practice Focus TRIO Best Practices cuteneous squamous cell carcinoma head and neck cancer neck dissection parotidectomy Source Type: research

What Defines Asymmetric Sensorineural Hearing Loss?
Defining significant asymmetric sensorineural hearing loss (ASNHL) is important to determine if a patient requires further evaluation for retrocochlear pathology. (Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices)
Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices - October 14, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Nedim Durakovic, MD, Michael Valente, PhD, Joel A. Goebel, MD, and Cameron C. Wick, MD Tags: Otology/Neurotology Practice Focus TRIO Best Practices asymmetric sensorineural hearing loss Source Type: research

Does the Intracochlear Position of an Electrode Array Impact Performance?
A look at the major advantages and disadvantages of these electrodes to help guide surgeons considering electrode type. (Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices)
Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices - September 6, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Richard K. Tilton, MD, and Marlan R. Hansen, MD Tags: Otology/Neurotology TRIO Best Practices clinical best practices surgery treatment Source Type: research

When Should Pediatric Septoplasty Be Performed for Nasal Airway Obstruction?
Septoplasty should be performed in patients with functional problems related to congenital anomalies or trauma. (Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices)
Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices - August 13, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Natalie Justicz, MD, Sukgi Choi, MD, MBA Tags: Pediatric TRIO Best Practices nasal airway obstruction pediatrics septoplasty Source Type: research

Does Supraglottoplasty Improve Outcomes in Children with Laryngomalacia?
Current retrospective studies and meta-analyses support the thesis that SGP improves PSG measures in children with congenital laryngomalacia and sleep dependent laryngomalacia. (Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices)
Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices - July 8, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Craig Miller, MD, and Sanjay R. Parikh, MD Tags: Pediatric TRIO Best Practices laryngomalacia pediatrics supraglottoplasty Source Type: research

Is a Schirmer ’s Test Necessary Before Blepharoplasty?
Given the lack of reliability of the Schirmer's Test, it is not essential in the preoperative evaluation of blepharoplasty patients. (Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices)
Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices - July 8, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jacqueline A. Wulu, MD, MS, and Jeffrey H. Spiegel, MD Tags: Facial Plastic/Reconstructive TRIO Best Practices blepharoplasty Source Type: research

Do All Patients With Head and Neck Cancer Require a PET Scan at Diagnosis?
The use of PET scan is recommended at diagnosis for patients presenting at clinical stages III and IV for head and neck cancer. (Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices)
Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices - July 8, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Eugene Zheng, BA, and Samir S. Kariwala, MD, MS Tags: Head and Neck TRIO Best Practices diagnosis head and neck cancer Source Type: research

Should the Contralateral Tonsil Be Removed in Cases of HPV-Positive Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Tonsil?
The contralateral tonsil should routinely be removed in cases of suspected or known unilateral HPV+ TSCC. (Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices)
Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices - June 10, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Cristine M. Kim, MD, and Maie A. St. John, MD, PhD Tags: Head and Neck Practice Focus TRIO Best Practices head and neck cancer HPV squamous cell carcinoma Source Type: research

Do Preoperative Corticosteroids Benefit Patients with Chronic Rhinosinusitis with Nasal Polyposis?
Multiple therapeutic options may be effective for treating mild pediatric OSA including observation, management with anti-inflammatory medications, and surgery. (Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices)
Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices - May 5, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Daniel A. Carlton, MD, and Alexander G. Chiu, MD Tags: Practice Focus Rhinology TRIO Best Practices chronic rhinosinusitis corticosteroids CRS CRSwNP Nasal polyposis Source Type: research

Mild Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Children: What Is the Best Management Option?
Multiple therapeutic options may be effective for treating mild pediatric OSA including observation, management with anti-inflammatory medications, and surgery. (Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices)
Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices - May 5, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Cristina M. Baldassari, MD, and Sukgi Choi, MD Tags: Pediatric Practice Focus Sleep Medicine TRIO Best Practices Obstructive sleep apnea OSA pediatrics Source Type: research

Is Core Needle Biopsy Effective for Assessment of Head and Neck Lesions?
Ultrasound guided core needle biopby is a minimally invasive and accurate diagnostic option for the assessment of head and neck lesions, including lymphoma. (Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices)
Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices - May 5, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Sydney T. Jiang, MD, and Richard V. Smith, MD Tags: Head and Neck Practice Focus TRIO Best Practices core needle biopsy fine needle aspiration lesions Source Type: research

Is Hearing Preserved Following Radiotherapy for Vestibular Schwannoma?
A common question by patients with newly diagnosed vestibular schwannomas (VS) is, Which treatment will best preserve my hearing?” (Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices)
Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices - April 7, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Adam R. Coughlin, MD, Anastasia A. Hunt, BS, and Samuel P. Grubbels, MD Tags: Otology/Neurotology Practice Focus TRIO Best Practices vestibular schwannomas Source Type: research

Is Topical Epinephrine Safe for Hemostasis in Endoscopic Sinus Surgery?
Topical epinephrine is generally safe for use in endoscopic sinus surgery, with caution in adult patients with cardiovascular comorbidities. (Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices)
Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices - February 6, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Edward C. Kuan, MD, MBA, Bobby A. Tajudeen, MD, Naveen D. Bhandarkar, MD, Maie A. St. John, MD, PhD, James N. Palmer, MD, and Nithin D. Adappa, MD Tags: Practice Focus Rhinology TRIO Best Practices clinical best practices endoscopic sinus surgery ESS Source Type: research

Is it Safe to Kiss in Era of HPV Head and Neck Cancer ‘ Epidemic ’ ?
Patients in both the general (noncancer) and HPV-OPC populations may enquire whether they should avoid open-mouth kissing to prevent either acquiring or transmitting oral HPV infection. (Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices)
Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices - February 6, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Eleni M. Rettig, MD, Carole Fakhry, MD, MPH, and Cherie‐Ann O. Nathan, MD Tags: Head and Neck Practice Focus TRIO Best Practices clinical best practices HPV human papillomavirus Source Type: research

Should Children with an Enlarged Vestibular Aqueduct Be Restricted from Contact Sports?
Patients with EVA are commonly discouraged from playing contact sports due to concerns about a possible risk for sudden hearing drops or vestibular dysfunction following even minor head trauma. (Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices)
Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices - January 8, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jacob R. Brodsky, MD, and Sukgi S. Choi, MD Tags: Pediatric Practice Focus TRIO Best Practices clinical best practices clinical care pediatrics sports vestibular aqueduct Source Type: research

Does the Use of Steroids Perioperatively in Parotid Surgery Affect Facial Nerve Outcomes?
Facial nerve paralysis (FNP) is a potential complication following parotid surgery. (Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices)
Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices - January 8, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Shabnam Ghazizadeh, MD, Karam W. Badran, MD, Edward C. Kuan, MD, MBA, and Maie A. St. John, MD, PhD Tags: Head and Neck Practice Focus TRIO Best Practices clinical outcomes parotidectomy treatment Source Type: research

Is Anticoagulation Beneficial in Acute Mastoiditis Complicated by Sigmoid Sinus Thrombosis?
Sigmoid sinus thrombosis (SST) remains a rare but serious intracranial complication of acute mastoiditis. (Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices)
Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices - January 8, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Michael Mather, MBBS, MRes, PGCert, Kate Musgrave, MBBS, BA (Hons), MRCP, PGCert, and Nicholas Dawe, MBBS, MRes, FRCSEd (ORL‐HNS), PGDipMedEd Tags: Otology/Neurotology Practice Focus TRIO Best Practices acute mastoiditis anticoagulation Source Type: research

When Should a Level IIB Neck Dissection Be Performed In Treatment of Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma?
In elective neck dissections for most HNSCC primary sites, level IIB nodes can be left intact, thus minimizing risk of damage to the spinal accessory nerve. (Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices)
Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices - December 11, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Brooke M. Su, MD, MPH, Roxana Moayer, MD, MA, Edward C. Kuan, MD, MBA, and Maie A. St. John, MD, PhD Tags: Head and Neck TRIO Best Practices clinical best practices head and neck cancer treatment Source Type: research

Does Perioperative Skin Preparation Reduce Surgical Site Infection?
A look at the ideal methods of skin preparation to reduce surgical site infection (SSI) in head and neck surgery. (Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices)
Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices - December 11, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Margeaux Corby, MD, Catherine Meller, MBBS(Hons), and Stephen Park, MD Tags: Facial Plastic/Reconstructive TRIO Best Practices clinical best practices head and neck surgery surgical site infection Source Type: research

How Old Is Too Old for Cochlear Implantation for Congenital Bilateral Sensorineural Hearing Loss?
Earlier age at the time of cochlear implantation in congenitally deafened children has been demonstrated to be significantly correlated to improved outcomes. (Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices)
Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices - November 8, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tiffany N. Chao, MD, Jessica Levi, MD, and Robert C. O’Reilly, MD Tags: Otology/Neurotology TRIO Best Practices cochlear implants hearling loss outcome Source Type: research

Is Multidisciplinary Team Care for Head and Neck Cancer Worth It?
The benefits of group discussion, care coordination, and shared decision making are apparent, and they frequently are addressed in review and opinion publications. (Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices)
Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices - November 8, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Karam W. Badran, MD, Thomas E. Heineman, MD, Edward C. Kuan, MD, MBA, and Maie A. St. John, MD, PhD Tags: Head and Neck TRIO Best Practices head and neck cancer treatment multidisciplinary team Source Type: research

Is Deep Plane Rhytidectomy Superior to Superficial Musculoaponeurotic System Plication Facelift?
Facelift techniques have evolved over the years, and modifications will continue into the future in pursuit of producing the best long-lasting aesthetic results. (Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices)
Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices - November 8, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jacqueline A. Wulu, MD, and Jeffrey H. Spiegel, MD Tags: Facial Plastic/Reconstructive TRIO Best Practices facelifts outcomes patient care Source Type: research

Does a Single Dose of Pregabalin Help with Postoperative Pain After Septoplasty?
Pregabalin given one hour before septoplasty decreases postoperative pain and lowers the requirement for postoperative analgesics, with no significant increase in side effects (Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices)
Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices - October 14, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Ni Chen, BS, Christian Soneru, MD, and Ashutosh Kacker, MBBS, MD Tags: Otology/Neurotology TRIO Best Practices pregabalin septoplasty Source Type: research

Does Intraglandular Injection of Botulinum Toxin Improve Pediatric Sialorrhea?
Botulinum toxin injection may be ideal, especially for patients who are candidates for injections under local anesthesia. (Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices)
Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices - October 14, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Amy Hughes, MD, and Sukgi Choi, MD Tags: Pediatric TRIO Best Practices botulinum toxin Source Type: research

What Is the Best Timing for Endoscopic and Radiographic Surveillance Following Sinonasal Malignancies Treatment?
Close, routine endoscopic and imaging surveillance is needed in the post-treatment setting. (Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices)
Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices - October 14, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Arjun K. Parasher, MD, MPhil, Edward C. Kuan MD, MBA, Maie A. St. John MD, PhD, Bobby A. Tajudeen MD, and Nithin D. Adappa, MD Tags: Allergy TRIO Best Practices endoscopic surveillance sinonasal malignancies Source Type: research

What Is the Optimal Time for Removing Drains in Uncomplicated Head and Neck Surgery?
Drains have been ubiquitously used in head and neck procedures to obliterate dead space, approximate skin flaps, and thereby promote wound healing. (Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices)
Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices - September 17, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Juliette O. Flam, MD, and Richard V. Smith, MD Tags: Head and Neck TRIO Best Practices drains Source Type: research

Is Acupuncture Effective within Otolaryngological Perioperative Care?
Acupuncture has shown encouraging results when utilized within a variety of ear, nose, and throat procedures. (Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices)
Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices - September 17, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Aron Kallush, BA, and Ashutosh Kacker, MBBS, MD Tags: Otology/Neurotology TRIO Best Practices acupuncture perioperative care Source Type: research

When Should You Perform Injection Medialization for Pediatric Unilateral Vocal Fold Immobility?
Injection medialization with a temporary injectable can improve symptoms of hoarseness, dysphonia, feeding difficulties, and aspiration in pediatric patients with unilateral VFI. (Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices)
Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices - September 17, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Anne Hseu, MD, and Sukgi Choi, MD Tags: Pediatric TRIO Best Practices injection medialization vocal fold immobility Source Type: research

What Antibiotic Should Be Used in Management of Adult with a Peritonsillar Abscess?
Peritonsillar abscess (PTA) is one of the most common deep space head and neck infections. (Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices)
Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices - August 7, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Fred S. Herzon, MD, Duncan A. Meiklejohn, MD, and Elizabeth A. Hobbs, MD Tags: Otology/Neurotology Practice Focus TRIO Best Practices peritonsillar abscess Source Type: research

When Should Therapeutic Anticoagulation Be Restarted Following Major Head and Neck Surgery?
A look at the periprocedural management of anticoagulation and antiplatelet medications, including aspirin, warfarin, and clopidogrel. (Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices)
Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices - August 7, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Ashok R. Jethwa, MD, and Samir S. Khariwala, MD, MS Tags: Head and Neck TRIO Best Practices head and neck surgery therapeutic anticoagulation treatment Source Type: research

Is Topical High-Volume Budesonide Sinus Irrigation Safe?
The use of topical high-volume budesonide irrigation does not appear to have a significant effect on IOP and carries a low risk of HPA axis suppression when used long term. (Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices)
Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices - July 8, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Yi Cai, MD, and David A. Gudis, MD Tags: Rhinology TRIO Best Practices chronic rhinosinusitis CRS topical high-volume budesonide irrigation Source Type: research

What Is Role of Imaging in Evaluating Patient Presenting with Unilateral Facial Paralysis?
Imaging is indicated in the initial evaluation of unilateral facial paralysis in the presence of symptoms inconsistent with Bell’s palsy. (Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices)
Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices - July 8, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Brooke M. Su, MD, MPH, Edward C. Kuan, MD, MBA, and Maie A. St. John, MD, PhD Tags: Otology/Neurotology TRIO Best Practices diagnosis Imaging patient care treatment unilateral facial paralysis Source Type: research

Is Acupuncture an Effective Complementary Tool Within Otolaryngological Perioperative Care?
Acupuncture has shown encouraging results when utilized within a variety of ear, nose, and throat procedures. (Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices)
Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices - July 8, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Aron Kallush, BA, and Ashutosh Kacker, MBBS, MD Tags: Otology/Neurotology TRIO Best Practices acupuncture acupuncture treatment perioperative care Source Type: research

Should Infants Who Fail their Newborn Hearing Screen Undergo Cytomegalovirus Testing?
Given the current evidence available, it is recommended that infants who fail their newborn hearing screening should undergo CMV testing. (Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices)
Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices - June 11, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Albert H. Park, MD, and Angela G. Shoup, PhD Tags: Pediatric TRIO Best Practices hearing loss pediatric sensorineural hearing loss pediatrics Source Type: research

What Is the Potential Clinical Utility of vHIT When Assessing Adult Patients with Dizziness
vHIT provides information complementary to other available vestibular tests and may be a key part of evaluating suspected peripheral vestibular deficits. (Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices)
Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices - June 11, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Madelyn N. Stevens, BA, Douglas B. Garrison, AuD, and David M. Kaylie, MD Tags: Sleep Medicine TRIO Best Practices diagnosis dizziness vestibular tests vHIT Source Type: research

Does Mutational Analysis Influence the Management of Differentiated Thyroid Cancers?
It is evident that BRAF does predict recurrence and unfavorable characteristics in differentiated thyroid cancers (DTC). (Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices)
Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices - June 11, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Ameya Asarkar, MD, Manish Shaha, MD, Ashok Shaha, MD, and Cherie‐Ann O. Nathan, MD Tags: TRIO Best Practices diagnosis differentiated thyroid cancers DTC treatment Source Type: research

What Additional Treatment Is Indicated for Oral Cavity Cancer with Isolated Perineural Invasion?
Perineural invasion has been validated an important pathologic diagnosis in OCSCC that should be carefully examined because it significantly contributes to prognosis and oncologic management. (Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices)
Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices - April 8, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Kyle M. Hatten, MD, Nidhi Gupta, MD, and Scott E. Strome, MD Tags: Head and Neck TRIO Best Practices diagnosis oral cancer oral cavity cancer treatment Source Type: research

Does Endoscopic Sinus Surgery Improve Olfaction in Nasal Polyposis?
Endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) is an effective treatment for medically refractory CRSwNP (Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices)
Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices - April 8, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Juliana K. Litts, MA, CCC‐SLP, and Mona M. Abaza, MD, MS Tags: Rhinology TRIO Best Practices endoscopic sinus surgery ESS Nasal polyposis surgical outcome Source Type: research

Does a Multidisciplinary Approach to Voice and Swallowing Disorders Improve Therapy Outcomes?
TRIO Best Practice articles are brief, structured reviews designed to provide the busy clinician with a handy outline and reference for day-to-day clinical decision making. The ENTtoday summaries below include the Background and Best Practice sections of the original article. To view the complete Laryngoscope articles free of charge, visit Laryngoscope. Background Otolaryngologists and speech-language […] (Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices)
Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices - April 8, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Juliana K. Litts, MA, CCC‐SLP, and Mona M. Abaza, MD, MS Tags: Head and Neck TRIO Best Practices multidisciplinary clinic swallowing disorder thearpy outcomes voice disorder voice therapy Source Type: research

Is Middle Ear Pressure Affected by Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Use?
Obstructive sleep apnea patients are likely to experience increased middle ear pressure from using a CPAP machine. (Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices)
Source: ENTtoday - TRIO Best Practices - March 6, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Ni Chen, BS, and Ashutosh Kacker, MBBS, MD Tags: Otology/Neurotology TRIO Best Practices CPAP Obstructive sleep apnea OSA Source Type: research