Prenatal and Childhood Traffic-Related Pollution Exposure and Childhood Cognition in the Project Viva Cohort (Massachusetts, USA)
Author Affiliations open 1Department of Environmental Health, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA; 2Channing Laboratory, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA; 3Department of Environmental Health, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA; 4Department of Population Medicine, Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute, Boston, Massachusetts, USA; 5Department of Biostatistics, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA; 6Department of Hygiene, Epidemiology and ...
Source: EHP Research - April 3, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Children's Health Source Type: research

The Association of Prenatal Exposure to Perfluorinated Chemicals with Maternal Essential and Long-Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids during Pregnancy and the Birth Weight of their Offspring: The Hokkaido Study
Author Affiliations open 1Center for Environmental and Health Sciences, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan; 2College of Life and Health Sciences, Chubu University, Kasugai, Japan; 3Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan; 4Department of Public Health, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan; 5Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Hoshi University, Tokyo, Japan PDF Version (1.3 MB) Abstract About This Article Supplemental Material Article-Level Metrics Backg...
Source: EHP Research - April 3, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Children's Health Source Type: research

Air Pollution and Lung Function in Dutch Children: A Comparison of Exposure Estimates and Associations Based on Land Use Regression and Dispersion Exposure Modeling Approaches
Author Affiliations open 1Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands; 2TNO, Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research, Utrecht, the Netherlands; 3Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland; 4University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland; 5University of Groningen, Department of Pulmonology, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands; 6Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, the Netherlands PDF Version (985 KB) Abstract About This Article Supplemen...
Source: EHP Research - April 3, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Children's Health Source Type: research

Understanding the Radioactive Ingrowth and Decay of Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials in the Environment: An Analysis of Produced Fluids from the Marcellus Shale
Conclusions: Accurate predictions of radioactivity concentrations are critical for estimating doses to potentially exposed individuals and the surrounding environment. These predictions must include an understanding of the geochemistry, decay properties, and ingrowth kinetics of radium and its decay product radionuclides. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to the article. This document will be replaced with the copyedited and formatted version as soon as it is available. T...
Source: EHP Research - April 2, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Neurodevelopmental Disorders and Agricultural Pesticide Exposures: Shelton and Hertz-Picciotto Respond
1Independent consultant, Vienna, Austria; 2University of California, Davis, Davis, California, USA About This Article open Citation: Shelton JF, Hertz-Picciotto I. 2015. Neurodevelopmental disorders and agricultural pesticide exposures: Shelton and Hertz-Picciotto respond. Environ Health Perspect 123:A79–A80; http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1409124R E-mail: janie.shelton@gmail.com J.F.S. declares she has no actual or potential competing financial interests. I.H.-P. has received travel reimbursements and grant support from Autism Speaks, an autism advocacy group. Final Publication: 1 April 2015 PDF Version (87 K...
Source: EHP Research - April 1, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Web Admin Tags: Correspondence April 2015 Source Type: research

Neurodevelopmental Disorders and Agricultural Pesticide Exposures
1The Dow Chemical Company, Midland, Michigan, USA; 2Environmental & Turf Services, Inc., Wheaton, Maryland, USA; 3Bayer CropScience, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, USA About This Article open Citation: Burns CJ, Cohen SZ, Lunchick C. 2015. Neurodevelopmental disorders and agricultural pesticide exposures. Environ Health Perspect 123:A79; http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1409124 E-mail: cjburns@dow.com C.J.B. and C.L. are employees of companies that manufacture and sell pesticides. S.Z.C. owns an environmental consulting firm that includes among its clients pesticide users and producers, as well as those impacte...
Source: EHP Research - April 1, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Web Admin Tags: Correspondence April 2015 Source Type: research

New Developments at EHP
1Interim Editor-in-Chief and 2News Editor, Environmental Health Perspectives, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, USA About This Article open Citation: Schroeder JC, Booker SM. 2015. New developments at EHP. Environ Health Perspect 123:A78; http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1509968 E-mail: schroederjc@niehs.nih.gov The authors declare they have no actual or potential competing financial interests. Final Publication: 1 April 2015 PDF Version (231 KB) As many of you may recall, Hugh A. Tilson retired as Editor-in-Chief of EHP in August 2014. Historically, the Edito...
Source: EHP Research - April 1, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Web Admin Tags: Editorial April 2015 Source Type: research

Erratum: A Longitudinal Cohort Study of Body Mass Index and Childhood Exposure to Secondhand Tobacco Smoke and Air Pollution: The Southern California Children’s Health Study
About This Article open Final Publication: 1 April 2015 PDF Version (38 KB) McConnell R, Shen E, Gilliland FD, Jerrett M, Wolch J, Chang CC, et al. 2015. Environ Health Perspect 123(4):360–366; http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1307031 In Table S4 of the Supplemental Material, numbers of observations (N) and corresponding percentages (%) were mislabeled as mean values (kg/m2) ± SD. The table has been corrected, and the online PDF reflects these changes. The authors regret the errors. (Source: EHP Research)
Source: EHP Research - April 1, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Web Admin Tags: Erratum April 2015 Source Type: research

Managing Marine Plastic Pollution: Policy Initiatives to Address Wayward Waste
This study [by Jambeck et al.] provides a first cut at how you could focus efforts in places around the world and then build some strategies to stem that flow of plastics,” says George H. Leonard, chief scientist of Ocean Conservancy, an advocacy organization based in Washington, DC. “Marine debris is a global problem, but this study shows that you can work on a smaller suite of geographies [and] that you could solve a big part of the problem at the global level.” The key, he says, is to improve waste management in a relatively small number of countries. Extended Producer Responsibility Some European nati...
Source: EHP Research - April 1, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Web Admin Tags: Featured News Spheres of Influence and Policy April 2015 Industry Issues International Environmental Health Laws Marine and Coastal Science Plastics Recycling Regulations Waste Disposal Source Type: research

Warming Trend: How Climate Shapes Vibrio Ecology
Color-enhanced transmission electron micrograph of Vibrio cholerae, one of multiple pathogenic vibrios whose ecology is closely tied to changes in temperature.© James Cavallini/Science Source The cholera epidemic that ravaged Haiti after its January 2010 earthquake resulted from a confluence of environmental factors, including unusually heavy rains following an intensely hot summer.© Reuters/Carlos Barria It’s been suggested that the island nation’s limestone foundation may have contributed to the cholera epidemic by increasing the alkalinity of Haiti’s riv...
Source: EHP Research - April 1, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Web Admin Tags: Featured Focus News April 2015 Climate Change Ecology and Wildlife Gastrointestinal Health Infectious Disease International Environmental Health Microbial Agents Natural Disasters Sanitation Surveillance and Monitoring Temperatur Source Type: research

Air Pollution and Neonatal Blood Pressure: Examining Earlier Exposures
Wendee Nicole has written for Discover, Scientific American, and other publications. About This Article open Citation: Nicole W. 2015. Air pollution and neonatal blood pressure: examining earlier exposures. Environ Health Perspect 123:A94; http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.123-A94 News Topics: Air Pollution, Cardiovascular Health, Children’s Health, Combustion Emissions, Ozone, Particulate Matter (PM) Published: 1 April 2015 PDF Version (679 KB) Related EHP Article Prenatal Air Pollution Exposure and Newborn Blood Pressure Lenie van Rossem, Sheryl L. Rifas-Shiman, Steven J. Melly, Itai Kloog, Heike Luttmann-Gibson,...
Source: EHP Research - April 1, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Web Admin Tags: Featured News Science Selection Air Pollution April 2015 Cardiovascular Health Children's Health Combustion Emissions Ozone Particulate Matter (PM) Source Type: research

New Tool for EDC Research: In Vivo Assay Screens for Estrogenic Effects
Carrie Arnold is a freelance science writer living in Virginia. Her work has appeared in Scientific American, Discover, New Scientist, and more. About This Article open Citation: Arnold C. 2015. New tool for EDC research: in vivo assay screens for estrogenic effects. Environ Health Perspect 123:A95; http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.123-A95 News Topics: Chemical Testing, Endocrine Disruptors, Alternative Test Models Published: 1 April 2015 PDF Version (519 KB) Related EHP Article Development of Phenotypic and Transcriptional Biomarkers to Evaluate Relative Activity of Potentially Estrogenic Chemicals in Ovariectomi...
Source: EHP Research - April 1, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Web Admin Tags: Featured News Science Selection Alternative Test Models April 2015 Chemical Testing Endocrine Disruptors Source Type: research

Dust Emissions from Cattle Feed Yards: A Source of Antibiotic Resistance?
Nate Seltenrich covers science and the environment from Petaluma, CA. His work has appeared in High Country News, Sierra, Yale Environment 360, Earth Island Journal, and other regional and national publications. About This Article open Citation: Seltenrich N. 2015. Dust emissions from cattle feed yards: a source of antibiotic resistance? Environ Health Perspect 123:A96; http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.123-A96 News Topics: Agriculture and Farming, Antibiotic Resistance, Livestock Issues, Microbial Agents, Particulate Matter (PM), Pharmaceuticals Published: 1 April 2015 PDF Version (374 KB) Related EHP Article Anti...
Source: EHP Research - April 1, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Web Admin Tags: Featured News Science Selection Agriculture and Farming Antibiotic Resistance April 2015 Livestock Issues Microbial Agents Particulate Matter (PM) Pharmaceuticals Source Type: research

Urinary Biomarkers as Exposure Surrogates: Controlling for Possible Bias
Julia R. Barrett, MS, ELS, a Madison, WI–based science writer and editor, is a member of the National Association of Science Writers and the Board of Editors in the Life Sciences. About This Article open Citation: Barrett JR. 2015. Urinary biomarkers as exposure surrogates: controlling for possible bias. Environ Health Perspect 123:A97; http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.123-A97 News Topics: Exposure Science, Research Issues and Initiatives, Surveillance and Monitoring Published: 1 April 2015 PDF Version (453 KB) Related EHP Article Variation in Urinary Flow Rates According to Demographic Characteristics a...
Source: EHP Research - April 1, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Web Admin Tags: Featured News Science Selection April 2015 Exposure Science Research Issues and Initiatives Surveillance and Monitoring Source Type: research

Perinatal Exposure to Traffic-Related Air Pollution and Atopy at 1 Year of Age in a Multi-Center Canadian Birth Cohort Study
Conclusion: Using refined exposure estimates that incorporated temporal variability and residential mobility, traffic-related air pollution during the first year of life was associated with atopy. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to the article. This document will be replaced with the copyedited and formatted version as soon as it is available. Through the DOI number used in the citation, you will be able to access this document at each stage of the publication process. ...
Source: EHP Research - March 31, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Children's Health Source Type: research

Quantitative Guidance for Stove Usage and Performance to Achieve Health and Environmental Targets
Author Affiliations open 1Berkeley Air Monitoring Group, Berkeley, California, USA; 2Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves, Washington, DC, USA PDF Version (1.7 MB) Abstract About This Article Supplemental Material Article-Level Metrics Background: Displacing the use of polluting and inefficient cookstoves in developing countries is necessary to achieve the potential health and environmental benefits sought through clean cooking solutions. Yet little quantitative context has been provided on how much displacement of traditional technologies is needed to achieve targets for household air pollutant concentrati...
Source: EHP Research - March 27, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Association of Parkinson’s Disease and Its Subtypes with Agricultural Pesticide Exposures in Men: A Case–Control Study in France
We examined quantitative aspects of occupational pesticide exposure associated with PD and investigated whether associations were similar across PD subtypes. Methods: As part of a French population-based case-control study including men enrolled in the health insurance plan for farmers and agricultural workers, cases with clinically confirmed PD were identified through antiparkinsonian drug claims. Two controls were matched to each case. Using a comprehensive occupational questionnaire, we computed indicators for different dimensions of exposure (duration, cumulative exposure, intensity). We used conditional logistic regre...
Source: EHP Research - March 27, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Air Pollution from Road Traffic and Systemic Inflammation in Adults: A Cross-Sectional Analysis in the European ESCAPE Project
Conclusions: Living close to busy traffic was associated with increased CRP concentrations, a known risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. However, it remains unclear which specific air pollutants are responsible for the association. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to the article. This document will be replaced with the copyedited and formatted version as soon as it is available. Through the DOI number used in the citation, you will be able to access this document at ...
Source: EHP Research - March 27, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Association between Arsenic Exposure from Drinking Water and Longitudinal Change in Blood Pressure among HEALS Cohort Participants
Conclusion: Our findings suggest that long-term arsenic exposure may accelerate age-related increases in blood pressure. These findings may help explain associations between arsenic exposure and cardiovascular disease. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to the article. This document will be replaced with the copyedited and formatted version as soon as it is available. Through the DOI number used in the citation, you will be able to access this document at each stage of the...
Source: EHP Research - March 27, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

In Utero Fine Particle Air Pollution and Placental Expression of Genes in the Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor Signaling Pathway: An ENVIRONAGE Birth Cohort Study
Conclusions: Placental expression of BDNF and SYN1, two genes implicated in normal neurodevelopmental trajectories, decreased with increasing in utero exposure to PM2.5. Future studies are needed to confirm our findings and evaluate the potential relevance of associations between PM2.5 and placental expression of BDNF and SYN1 on neurodevelopment. We provide the first molecular epidemiological evidence concerning associations between in utero fine particle air pollution exposure and the expression of genes that may influence neurodevelopmental processes. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revise...
Source: EHP Research - March 27, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Children's Health Source Type: research

Long-Term Ambient Residential Traffic–Related Exposures and Measurement Error–Adjusted Risk of Incident Lung Cancer in the Netherlands Cohort Study on Diet and Cancer
Conclusions: These findings add support to a growing body of literature on the effects of air pollution on lung cancer. In addition, they highlight variation in measurement error by pollutant and support the implementation of measurement error corrections when possible. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to the article. This document will be replaced with the copyedited and formatted version as soon as it is available. Through the DOI number used in the citation, you will ...
Source: EHP Research - March 27, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Urinary Bisphenol A Levels during Pregnancy and Risk of Preterm Birth
Conclusions: These results provide little evidence of a relationship between BPA and prematurity, though further research may be warranted given the generalizability of participant recruitment from a tertiary teaching hospital, limited sample size, and significant associations among females and within the clinical subcategories of PTB. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to the article. This document will be replaced with the copyedited and formatted version as soon as it i...
Source: EHP Research - March 27, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Children's Health Source Type: research

Anthropometry in 5- to 9-Year-Old Greenlandic and Ukrainian Children in Relation to Prenatal Exposure to Perfluorinated Alkyl Substances
Conclusions: The results indicate that prenatal PFOA and PFOS exposure may be associated with child waist-to-height ratio> 0.5. Prenatal PFOA and PFOS exposure were not associated with overweight. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to the article. This document will be replaced with the copyedited and formatted version as soon as it is available. Through the DOI number used in the citation, you will be able to access this document at each stage of the publication proces...
Source: EHP Research - March 26, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Children's Health Source Type: research

Association of Roadway Proximity with Fasting Plasma Glucose and Metabolic Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease in a Cross-Sectional Study of Cardiac Catheterization Patients
Conclusion: Proxy measures of TRAP exposure were associated with intermediate metabolic traits associated with cardiovascular disease, including fasting plasma glucose and possibly HDL cholesterol. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to the article. This document will be replaced with the copyedited and formatted version as soon as it is available. Through the DOI number used in the citation, you will be able to access this document at each stage of the publication process....
Source: EHP Research - March 24, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Obesogens beyond Vertebrates: Lipid Perturbation by Tributyltin in the Crustacean Daphnia magna
Conclusions: TBT disrupted the dynamics of neutral lipids impairing the transfer of triacylglycerols to eggs and hence promoting their accumulation in adult individuals. TBT disruptive effects translated into a lower fitness for offspring and adults. Co-regulation of gene transcripts suggests that TBT activates the ecdysone, JH and RXR receptor signaling pathways, presumably through the already proposed interaction with RXR. This is the first clear evidence of obesogenic effects in a non-vertebrate species. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Pub...
Source: EHP Research - March 24, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Space–Time Covariation of Mortality with Temperature: A Systematic Study of Deaths in France, 1968–2009
Conclusions: Results of this spatiotemporal analysis indicated some human adaptation to climate change, even in rural areas. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to the article. This document will be replaced with the copyedited and formatted version as soon as it is available. Through the DOI number used in the citation, you will be able to access this document at each stage of the publication process. Citation: Todd N, Valleron AJ. Space–Time Covariation of Mort...
Source: EHP Research - March 23, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Epidemiology and Ecology of Opportunistic Premise Plumbing Pathogens: Legionella pneumophila, Mycobacterium avium, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Conclusions: As broadly effective community-level engineering interventions for the control of OPPPs have yet to be identified, and as the number of at-risk individuals will continue to rise, it is likely that OPPP-related infections will continue to increase. However, it is possible that individuals can take measures (e.g., raise hot water heater temperatures and filter water) to reduce home-exposures. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to the article. This document will ...
Source: EHP Research - March 20, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Review Source Type: research

Associations between Long-Term Air Pollutant Exposures and Blood Pressure in Elderly Residents of Taipei City: A Cross-Sectional Study
Author Affiliations open 1Institute of Occupational Medicine and Industrial Hygiene, College of Public Health, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan; 2Division of Surgical Intensive Care, Department of Critical Care Medicine, E-Da Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; 3IUF-Leibniz Research Institute for Environmental Medicine and Medical Faculty, Heinrich Heine University of Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, Germany; 4Helmhotz Zentrum München – German Research Center for Environmental Health Neuherberg, Germany; 5Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, University of Utrecht, Utrecht, t...
Source: EHP Research - March 20, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Association of Atmospheric Particulate Matter and Ozone with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus
Conclusion: This population-based study suggests that exposure to air pollution during pregnancy is associated with increased risk of GDM in Florida, USA. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to the article. This document will be replaced with the copyedited and formatted version as soon as it is available. Through the DOI number used in the citation, you will be able to access this document at each stage of the publication process. Citation: Hu H, Ha S, Henderson BH, W...
Source: EHP Research - March 20, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Forest Fire Smoke Exposures and Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrests in Melbourne, Australia: A Case-Crossover Study
Conclusions: This study found an association between exposure to forest fire smoke and an increased in the rate of OHCA. These findings have implications for public health messages to raise community awareness and for planning of emergency services during forest fire seasons. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to the article. This document will be replaced with the copyedited and formatted version as soon as it is available. Through the DOI number used in the citation, you...
Source: EHP Research - March 20, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Blood Pressure Changes in Relation to Arsenic Exposure in a U.S. Pregnancy Cohort
Conclusions: In our US cohort of pregnant women, arsenic exposure was associated with greater increases in blood pressure over the course of pregnancy. These findings may have important implications as even modest increases in blood pressure impact cardiovascular disease risk. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to the article. This document will be replaced with the copyedited and formatted version as soon as it is available. Through the DOI number used in the citation, yo...
Source: EHP Research - March 20, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Assessment of Short- and Long-Term Mortality Displacement in Heat-Related Deaths in Brisbane, Australia, 1996–2004
Conclusions: We found evidence of both short- and long-term harvesting effects on heat-related mortality in Brisbane, Australia. Our finding may clarify temperature-related health risks and inform effective public health interventions to manage the health impacts of climate change. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to the article. This document will be replaced with the copyedited and formatted version as soon as it is available. Through the DOI number used in the citatio...
Source: EHP Research - March 20, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Carotid Intima–Media Thickness and Long-Term Exposure to Traffic-Related Air Pollution in Middle-Aged Residents of Taiwan: A Cross-Sectional Study
Conclusions: Long-term exposures to traffic-related air pollution of PM2.5 abs, PM10, NO2, and NOx were positively associated with subclinical atherosclerosis in middle-aged adults. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to the article. This document will be replaced with the copyedited and formatted version as soon as it is available. Through the DOI number used in the citation, you will be able to access this document at each stage of the publication process. Citation: ...
Source: EHP Research - March 20, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Measurement of Total and Free Urinary Phenol and Paraben Concentrations over the Course of Pregnancy: Assessing Reliability and Contamination of Specimens in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study
Conclusions: Using conjugated concentrations improved reliability estimates only for BPA. Measuring total and free concentrations, an approach which may be useful for future studies, allowed us to identify likely BPA and butyl paraben contamination of archived MoBa urine specimens. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to the article. This document will be replaced with the copyedited and formatted version as soon as it is available. Through the DOI number used in the citatio...
Source: EHP Research - March 17, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

A Case-Only Study of Vulnerability to Heat Wave–Related Mortality in New York City (2000–2011)
Conclusion: Mortality during heat waves varies widely within a city. Understanding which individuals and neighborhoods are most vulnerable can help guide local preparedness efforts. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to the article. This document will be replaced with the copyedited and formatted version as soon as it is available. Through the DOI number used in the citation, you will be able to access this document at each stage of the publication process. Citation: ...
Source: EHP Research - March 17, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

A Standard of Knowledge for the Professional Practice of Toxicology
Conclusion: This work was conducted toward ensuring the scientific integrity of the products produced by professional toxicologists. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to the article. This document will be replaced with the copyedited and formatted version as soon as it is available. Through the DOI number used in the citation, you will be able to access this document at each stage of the publication process. Citation: Hulla JE, Kinter LB, Kelman B. A Standard of Know...
Source: EHP Research - March 17, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Bisphenol S and F: A Systematic Review and Comparison of the Hormonal Activity of Bisphenol A Substitutes
Conclusions: Based on the current literature, BPS and BPF are as hormonally active as BPA, and have endocrine disrupting effects. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to the article. This document will be replaced with the copyedited and formatted version as soon as it is available. Through the DOI number used in the citation, you will be able to access this document at each stage of the publication process. Citation: Rochester JR, Bolden AL. Bisphenol S and F: A System...
Source: EHP Research - March 16, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Review Source Type: research

Paternal Urinary Concentrations of Parabens and Other Phenols in Relation to Reproductive Outcomes among Couples from a Fertility Clinic
Conclusions: To our knowledge, these are some of the first data on the association of paternal urinary phenol concentrations with reproduction and pregnancy outcomes. Although these results do not preclude possible adverse effects of paternal paraben exposures on such outcomes, given the modest sample size, further understanding could result from confirmation using a larger and more diverse population. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to the article. This document will b...
Source: EHP Research - March 13, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Measured Prenatal and Estimated Postnatal Levels of Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) and ADHD-Related Behaviors in 8-Year-Old Children
Conclusions: Associations between estimated postnatal PCB-153 exposures and ADHD-related behaviors at 8 years of age were weaker than associations with PCB-153 concentrations measured in cord serum at birth. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to the article. This document will be replaced with the copyedited and formatted version as soon as it is available. Through the DOI number used in the citation, you will be able to access this document at each stage of the publicatio...
Source: EHP Research - March 13, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Children's Health Source Type: research

The Genetic Architecture of Arsenic Metabolism Efficiency: A SNP-Based Heritability Study of Bangladeshi Adults
Author Affiliations open 1Department of Public Health Sciences and 2Department of Human Genetics, The University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA; 3UChicago Research Bangladesh (URB), Dhaka, Bangladesh; 4Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York, USA; 5Comprehensive Cancer Center, The University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA; 6Department of Medicine, The University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA PDF Version (638 KB) Abstract About This Article Supplemental Material Article-Level Metrics Background: Con...
Source: EHP Research - March 13, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Persistent Organic Pollutants Modify Gut Microbiota–Host Metabolic Homeostasis in Mice Through Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Activation
Conclusion: These findings provide new insights into the biochemical consequences of TCDF exposure involving the alteration of the gut microbiota, modulation of nuclear receptor signaling, and disruption of host metabolism. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to the article. This document will be replaced with the copyedited and formatted version as soon as it is available. Through the DOI number used in the citation, you will be able to access this document at each stage o...
Source: EHP Research - March 13, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Beyond the Mean: Quantile Regression to Explore the Association of Air Pollution with Gene-Specific Methylation in the Normative Aging Study
Conclusions: In our study population of older men, air pollution exposures were associated with a left shift in the lower tails of the IFN-γ and ICAM-1 methylation distributions. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to the article. This document will be replaced with the copyedited and formatted version as soon as it is available. Through the DOI number used in the citation, you will be able to access this document at each stage of the publication process. Citation:&nb...
Source: EHP Research - March 13, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Insights into PBDE Uptake, Body Burden, and Elimination Gained from Australian Age–Concentration Trends Observed Shortly after Peak Exposure
Conclusions: In the bottom-up approach, PBDE uptake is underestimated; currently known pathways are not sufficient to explain measured PBDE concentrations, especially in young children. While PBDE exposure of toddlers has declined in the past years, pre- and postnatal exposure to PBDEs has remained almost constant because the mothers’ PBDE body burden has not yet decreased substantially. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to the article. This document will be replace...
Source: EHP Research - March 13, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Air Pollution and Mortality in Seven Million Adults: The Dutch Environmental Longitudinal Study (DUELS)
Conclusions: Long-term exposure to PM10 and NO2 was associated with non-accidental and cause-specific mortality in the Dutch population of 30 years and older. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to the article. This document will be replaced with the copyedited and formatted version as soon as it is available. Through the DOI number used in the citation, you will be able to access this document at each stage of the publication process. Citation: Fischer PH, Marra M, Am...
Source: EHP Research - March 11, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Blood Pressure and Same-Day Exposure to Air Pollution at School: Associations with Nano-Sized to Coarse PM in Children
Conclusion: Children attending school on days with higher UFP concentrations (diameter smaller than 100 nm) had higher systolic blood pressure. The association was dependent on UFP size, and there was no association with the PM2.5 mass concentration. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to the article. This document will be replaced with the copyedited and formatted version as soon as it is available. Through the DOI number used in the citation, you will be able to access th...
Source: EHP Research - March 10, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Children's Health Source Type: research

Relation of Prenatal Methylmercury Exposure from Environmental Sources to Childhood IQ
Conclusions: To our knowledge, this is the first study to document an association of prenatal mercury exposure with poorer performance on a school-age assessment of IQ, a measure whose relevance for occupational success in adulthood is well established. This association was seen at levels in the range within which many U.S. children of Asian American background are exposed. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to the article. This document will be replaced with the copyedite...
Source: EHP Research - March 10, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Children's Health Source Type: research

Long-Term Air Pollution Exposure and Blood Pressure in the Sister Study
We examined the cross-sectional relationship between long-term (annual average) residential air pollution exposure and BP in the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences’ Sister Study, a large U.S. cohort study investigating risk factors for breast cancer and other outcomes. Methods: This analysis included 43,629 women aged 35-76, enrolled 2003 to 2009, who had a sister with breast cancer. Geographic information systems contributed to satellite-based nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and fine particulate matter (PM2.5) predictions at participant residences at study entry. Generalized additive models were used to exam...
Source: EHP Research - March 6, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Placental DNA Methylation Related to Both Infant Toenail Mercury and Adverse Neurobehavioral Outcomes
Author Affiliations open 1Penn State Tobacco Center of Regulatory Science, College of Medicine, Department of Public Health Sciences, Hershey, Pennsylvania, USA; 2Department of Biostatistics, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas, USA; 3Center for the Study of Children at Risk and Departments of Psychiatry and Human Behavior and Pediatrics, Alpert Medical School of Brown University and Women and Infants Hospital, Providence, Rhode Island, USA; 4College of Public Health and Human Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, USA; 5Department of Pathology and Laborato...
Source: EHP Research - March 6, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Children's Health Source Type: research

Analysis of Environmental Chemical Mixtures and Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Risk in the NCI-SEER NHL Study
Conclusions: An index of chemical mixtures was significantly associated with NHL. Our results show the importance of evaluating chemical mixtures when studying cancer risk. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to the article. This document will be replaced with the copyedited and formatted version as soon as it is available. Through the DOI number used in the citation, you will be able to access this document at each stage of the publication process. Citation: Czarnota ...
Source: EHP Research - March 6, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Ambient Heat and Sudden Infant Death: A Case-Crossover Study Spanning 30 Years in Montreal, Canada
Conclusions: High ambient temperature may be a novel risk factor for sudden infant death syndrome, especially at 3 or more months of age. Climate change and the higher temperatures that result may account for a potentially greater proportion of sudden infant deaths in the future. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to the article. This document will be replaced with the copyedited and formatted version as soon as it is available. Through the DOI number used in the citation,...
Source: EHP Research - March 6, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sam Duvall Tags: Children's Health Source Type: research