Linking Fruit and Vegetable Consumption, Food Safety and Health Risk Attitudes and Happiness in Thailand: Evidence from a Population-based Survey.
Authors: Phulkerd S, Thapsuwan S, Thongcharoenchupong N, Chamratrithirong A, Gray RS Abstract The purpose of this nationally-representative cross-sectional study was to investigate the association of fruit and vegetable consumption and food safety and health risk attitudes with happiness among Thai people. The study employed a multi-stage sampling design. A total of 6,955 Thai residents age 15 years or older from four geographic regions and Bangkok in Thailand participated in the study. Information on self-reported happiness, daily fruit, and vegetable consumption, sociodemographic characteristics, and risk at...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - November 25, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Association of Obesity with Depressive Symptomatology, Eating Habits, Interleukin-8 and Cortisol in a Young Population.
In conclusion, these results indicate that high adiposity is related to changes in the concentrations of interleukin-8 and eating habits, confirming that obesity is the consequence of a complex network of various factors. PMID: 33176493 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition)
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - November 14, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)-Authorized Retailers' Perceived Costs to Use Behavioral Economic Strategies to Encourage Healthy Product Sales.
Authors: Houghtaling B, Serrano E, Chen S, Kraak VI, Harden SM, Davis GC, Misyak S Abstract SNAP-authorized retailers could use marketing-mix and choice-architecture (MMCA) strategies to improve SNAP purchases, but associated costs are unknown. Perceived cost and inconvenience to implement eight MMCA strategies were assessed among 29 U.S. retailers. Differences in perspective were explored (owners vs. managers, corporate vs. independent retailers, and by format). Place changes (e.g., added refrigeration) were perceived more costly and prompting (e.g., shelf labeling) less costly. Managers rated the perceived i...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - November 12, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Consumer Nutrition Knowledge and Dietary Behavior in Urban Ethiopia: A Comprehensive Study.
Authors: Melesse MB, van den Berg M Abstract This paper studies the association between nutrition knowledge and consumer dietary behavior using large survey data from 996 respondents in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. We find that health was the most important factor in individuals' food choice. However, most consumers were found to have imperfect understanding of the link between food and health. Especially, the causes and consequences of obesity were poorly understood. A considerable proportion of respondents also endorsed harmful food taboos. We found that nutrition knowledge was positively associated with more diversifi...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - November 11, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Migration, Gender, Staple Food Choices, and Food Supplementation.
Authors: Khanna SK PMID: 33040608 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition)
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - October 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Prevalence of Anemia in View of Socio-demographic and Health Status of Adolescent Girls Enrolled in Government School at Border-belt of Indian Punjab.
Authors: Dhillon PK, Kumar B, Verma HK Abstract Poor socio-demographic and health status are considered key factors for prevalence of anemia in school-going adolescent girls in developing countries. A cross-sectional study was conducted (2019-2020) on 32 adolescent girls, randomly selected from 9th, 10th, 11th, and 12th standards at Government School, Harike Pattan to assess magnitude of anemia and its associated factors. Hemoglobin level of adolescent girls was assessed using cyanmethaemoglobin method. Subsequently, adolescent girls were interviewed about their hygiene and health status through a pre-structured in...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - October 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

"Sow, Grow, Know, and Show": The Impact of School Gardens on Student Self-Perception in the Mississippi Delta.
"Sow, Grow, Know, and Show": The Impact of School Gardens on Student Self-Perception in the Mississippi Delta. Ecol Food Nutr. 2020 Oct 13;:1-23 Authors: Holmes EA, Campbell MF, James W, Matthews K Abstract This research evaluates the impact of participation in school garden programs on fifth grade student garden knowledge, self-perception, and standardized test scores in the Mississippi Delta. We collected pre and posttest participant data for two years, compared garden participants' standardized test scores with non-participants, and conducted participant observation and interviews in three...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - October 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Mediterranean Diet Adherence among Preschoolers and its Association with Parents' Beliefs, Attitudes, and Practices.
Authors: Sanlier N, Ulusoy HG, Kocabaş S, Çelik B, Göbel P, Yilmaz S Abstract The effect of parents on nutritional habits in preschool children is undeniable. It is known that parental control in child nutrition can affect the child's eating habits, and bodyweight. Mediterranean Diet (MD) adherence of children (KIDMED), parents' beliefs, attitudes and practices (Preschool Feeding Questionnaire-PFQ2) were investigated. The questionnaire prepared was applied by researchers face-to-face to 1413 families who agreed to participate voluntarily in the research with preschool children. Parental beliefs, attitu...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - October 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Factors Affecting Undernutrition among School Children in Cebu, Philippines.
This study investigated the factors associated with the nutritional status of school children in a rural municipality in Cebu, Philippines. Children aged 6-12 years (n = 327) and their parents were asked to participate. Children's anthropometric measurements were taken in schools, while interviews and measurements of parents were conducted at home. Children's nutritional status was assessed using height-for-age (HAZ) and weight-for-age (WAZ) z scores, while body mass index (BMI) was used for parents. Children's dietary patterns and physical activity, and household characteristics, such as food insecurity, eating ...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - October 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Food Insecurity and Cardiovascular Risk Factors among Iranian Women.
Authors: Hamedi-Shahraki S, Mir F, Amirkhizi F Abstract We evaluated whether food insecurity is associated with clinical evidence of diet-sensitive cardiovascular diseases (CVD) risk factors, including obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and diabetes. In this population-based cross-sectional study, 630 women aged 18-50 years under cover of health centers in Iran randomly selected and interviewed face-to-face. Food insecurity was evaluated using a household food insecurity access scale (HFIAS) questionnaire, which its validity and reliability was determined in the Iranian population. Logistic regression was us...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - September 3, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

An Evaluation of Awareness, Knowledge, and Use of Folic Acid and Dietary Folate Intake among Non-Pregnant Women of Childbearing Age and Pregnant Women: A Cross-Sectional Study from Turkey.
This study was carried out to evaluate awareness, knowledge, and use of folic acid and dietary folate intake among non-pregnant women of childbearing age and pregnant women. A cross-sectional study was completed with 1442 women (1106 non-pregnant and 336 pregnant) in Ankara, Turkey. The individuals' awareness, knowledge, and use of folic acid were questioned and food consumption were taken. More than two-thirds of the non-pregnant and pregnant women had heard of folic acid (77.2% and 89.0%, respectively). The pregnant women (53.9%) knew more that folic acid should be used before conception in order to prevent congenital an...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - August 30, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Dietary Diversity and Food Coping Strategies in Zimbabwe: Do Resilience and Food Insecurity Status Matter?
This study assessed how dietary diversity and food coping strategies differ by resilience and food insecurity status. Proportionate sampling technique was used to interview 3440 households in 18 districts of Zimbabwe. Results show that resilient and food secure households had good diet diversification and were less likely to adopt food coping strategies when compared to less resilient and food insecure ones. Adaptive and absorptive resilience capacities and income reduced the use of food coping strategies. Interventions that improve household resilience capacities and income should be promoted to reduce the use of food cop...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - August 30, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Association between Dietary Calcium Intake and Bone Mineral Density in Older Adults.
In conclusion, for older adults aged ≥ 60, higher dietary calcium intake is associated with a higher lumbar BMD in women, but not in men. PMID: 32779476 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition)
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - August 12, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Food Acquisition Behaviors and Perceptions of Food Pantry Use among Food Pantry Clients in Rural Appalachia.
This article explores how food pantries fit into a broader scope of food acquisition strategies of rural Appalachian households and aims to contextualize this with an understanding of how food pantry users perceive their food pantry use. Semi-structured interviews (n=20) were conducted with food pantry users in Eastern Tennessee, followed by a survey for collection of demographic data. NVivo 11.4 software was used for thematic analysis and theory formulation. In addition to pantry use, participants reported reliance on grocery stores, and reciprocal, informal, food-sharing social networks to get food. Lack o...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - July 22, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Seasonal Variation of Household Food Insecurity and Household Dietary Diversity on Wasting and Stunting among Young Children in A Drought Prone Area in South Ethiopia: A Cohort Study.
This study was conducted to evaluate seasonal patterns of household food insecurity, dietary diversity, and household characteristics on wasting and stunting among children in households followed for 1 year in the drought-prone areas of Sidama, Ethiopia. A cohort study design was employed. Data were collected on the pre-harvest season (March and June) and post-harvest season (September and December) of 2017. We studied 935 children aged 6 to 47 months. At four seasons over a year, we had 3,449 observations from 897 households and 82% (2,816) (95% CI: 80.3-82.9) were food in-secured households. Severe food insecurity w...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - July 18, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

The Impact of Household Food Insecurity on Health and Well-Being of Women and Children.
Authors: Khanna SK PMID: 32633641 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition)
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - July 8, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Socio-economic Determinants of Increasing Household Food Insecurity during and after a Drought in the District of iLembe, South Africa.
Authors: Drysdale RE, Bob U, Moshabela M Abstract In 2015 and 2016, South Africa experienced a severe drought resulting in water restrictions and food price inflation. A year later, while the proportion of food secure households remained constant, the proportion of those experiencing severe food insecurity increased. This paper investigates the socio-economic determinants of increasing food insecurity during and after the drought. Two cross-sectional household surveys were carried out in the district of iLembe in November 2016 and 2017. Household food insecurity was measured using the Coping Strategies Index. The r...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - July 2, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Study on Breakfast Consumption Pattern and Its Outcomes in Relation to Hematological and Body Composition Indices among Adolescent Girls.
Authors: Jain D, Grover K, Choudhary M Abstract Breakfast consumption is of utmost importance for adolescents to attain nutritional adequacy. The association of breakfast skipping with overall nutritional status has been supported with little causal evidences. Therefore, the present investigation was undertaken to examine this conjecture. A total of 500 adolescent girls from rural and urban government schools of Ludhiana District in the Punjab State of India in the age group of 16-18 years were randomly interviewed to assess their breakfast consumption pattern. Based on their breakfast consumption pattern, 90 ...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - June 24, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Distributing and Sourcing Local Produce in Latino-focused Food Stores: A Qualitative Study with Stores and Small Farmers in San Diego County.
Authors: Sanchez-Flack J, Wasserman R Abstract A strategy to address challenges in sourcing and maintaining produce in tiendas is to build a new localized food economy. Key informant interviews were conducted with tienda owners and managers and small produce farmers to understand produce distribution and sourcing behaviors, and to identify the potential to connect tiendas with small produce farmers. Interviews were analyzed using an inductive coding approach and were summarized into three themes: people, place, and product. Results provide context for understanding factors that affect access to local produce in Lat...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - June 5, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Global Perspectives on Assessing and Improving the Health and Nutritional Status of Mothers and Children.
Authors: Khanna SK PMID: 32478615 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition)
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - June 2, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Development and Application of Interactive, Culturally Specific Strategies for the Consumption of High-fiber Foods in Puerto Rican Adolescents.
Authors: Correa-Matos N, Rodríguez MC, Rodríguez-Pérez R Abstract Healthy eating practices in the adolescents can prevent the development of obesity and other chronic diseases in the adulthood. The consumption of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains in Puerto Rican adolescents is low and might be contributing to the high prevalence of food-related chronic diseases, such as obesity in this group. The purpose of the study was to develop and apply interactive methods and strategies that help adolescents make healthy food choices. Over time, healthy food choices can delay or prevent food-related ch...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - May 22, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Predictors of Intention to Integrate Biofortified Orange-fleshed Sweetpotato in Child Feeding: A Field Information Experiment in Rural Kenya.
Authors: Lagerkvist CJ, Mutiso JM, Okello JJ, Muoki P, Oluoch-Kosura W, Heck S Abstract The study assesses the psychosocial predictors of intention to integrate biofortified pro-vitamin A orange-fleshed sweet potato (OFSP) in proper complementary feeding (PCF) among women who received either verbal or verbal and visual demonstrations on OFSP-based foods. A total of 764 randomly selected women grouped into four categories, namely pregnant women, women with infants, women with young children, and potential mothers, participated in this study. Using a structural equation model of predicted intentions based on an exten...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - May 16, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Feasibility and Acceptability of Implementing a Culturally Adapted Cooking Curriculum for Burundian and Congolese Refugee Families.
Authors: McElrone M, Colby S, Fouts HN, Spence M, Kavanagh K, Franzen-Castle L, Olfert MD, Kattelmann KK, White AA Abstract Pika Pamoja (Cook Together) is an eight-session cooking curriculum for Burundian and Congolese refugee families, culturally adapted from the evidence-based iCook 4-H curriculum to address dietary acculturation barriers to and facilitators of food security. The goal of this study was to determine the feasibility and acceptability of implementing Pika Pamoja.Researchers and a multilingual community aid implemented Pika Pamoja in a pre-post pilot intervention with randomized control (n =&nbs...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - May 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Seasonal Nutritional Food Security to Indian Women through Community-level Implementation of Domestic Solar Conduction Dryer.
This study explores the impact of a house-hold, post-harvest processing unit on the nutritional, economic, and social status of rural women. Solar Conduction Dryer (SCD) is an electricity-free, solar-powered food dehydrator for the production of dried vegetables, fruits, marine, and meat-based products. SCD was provided to 200 rural women farmers in the Aurangabad district of India. The availability of the dryer enabled the women to preserve seasonal produce during the surplus season and consume it during the lean period. An increase of 36% in the Women's Dietary Diversity Score was observed in the intervention group as co...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - May 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Dietary Intake of Upper Midwest and Southwest Native American Adults.
Authors: Loh IH, Trude ACB, Setiono F, Redmond L, Jock B, Gittelsohn J Abstract Limited information on current dietary patterns of Native American (NA) adults exists. This paper describes the dietary intake of 582 NA adults, aged 19-75 years, living in six communities in New Mexico and Wisconsin in 2016-2017 and compares macronutrient and micronutrient intakes, estimated via a semi-quantitative 30-day Block Food Frequency Questionnaire, among different age and sex groups. NA adults consumed a diet high in % energy from total fat, saturated fat, added sugars, and sodium. A general trend of lower micronutrient i...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - May 8, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Supplementation of Ocean-Based Advance Protein Powder (APP) for Restoration of Body Growth, Bone Development and Immune Functions in Protein Malnourished Mice: Implications for Preventing Child Malnutrition.
In conclusion, APP is an alternative source of protein to effectively restore body weight, bone growth and immune function of PM mice. PMID: 32364411 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition)
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - May 6, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

"Keep Yourself Alive": From Healthy Eating to Progression to Orthorexia Nervosa A Mixed Methods Study among Young Women in the Netherlands.
This study aimed to understand the factors influencing people's choice to follow a diet considered healthy, and if and how these factors may contribute progress toward a higher (unhealthy) degree of preoccupation with healthy eating: orthorexia nervosa. This was achieved through mixed methods (interviews, n = 12; questionnaire, n = 82). The target group was young females in the Netherlands. Several biological, psychological, and social factors contribute to people's healthy eating. Having concerns about chronic conditions were found to be significantly associated with a higher degree of preoccupation with healthy eating, r...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - May 6, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Women Eat More Rice and Banana: The Influence of Gender and Migration on Staple Food Choice in East Africa.
Authors: Bechoff A, Forsythe L, Njau M, Martin A, Audifas G, Abass A, Tomlins K Abstract An original approach was used to examine how staple food choice differs by gender and migration: this consisted of a quantitative survey (six locations with urban consumers from various economic classes (n = 123)), a qualitative in-depth interview with a subset of those consumers (n = 18), and focus group discussions (n = 13). Men and women had similar results in terms of their preferred staple food choice attributes; yet women indicated consuming more rice and banana, and men, more maize and cassa...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - April 29, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Changing Perception through a Participatory Approach by Involving Adolescent School Children in Evaluating Smart Food Dishes in School Feeding Programs - Real-Time Experience from Central and Northern Tanzania.
Authors: Wangari C, Mwema C, Siambi M, Silim S, Ubwe R, Malesi K, Anitha S, Kane-Potaka J Abstract The study aimed to test the prospects for, and acceptance of, pigeonpea and finger millet-based dishes in a school feeding program for 2822 adolescents' in Central Tanzania. The focus was on incorporating nutritious and resilient crops like finger millet and pigeonpea through a participatory approach involving series of theoretical and practical training sessions, for the period of 6 months on the nutritional quality and sensory characteristics of these two unexplored foods in Tanzania. Sharing knowledge on the n...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - April 3, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Promoting Adolescent and Maternal Health through School-Based and Community-Based Interventions.
Authors: Khanna SK PMID: 32191545 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition)
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - March 20, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Food Insecurity Was Associated with Lower Fruits and Vegetables Consumption but Not with Overweight and Obesity in Children from Mexican Fishing Communities.
Authors: Murillo-Castillo KD, Frongillo EA, Corella-Madueño MA, Quizán-Plata T Abstract Food insecurity has been associated with decreased household food supplies, which could affect children's fruit and vegetables intakes and increases their risk of being overweight or obese. The aim of this study was to determine if food insecurity was associated with lower fruit and vegetables consumption and overweight and obesity in children from Mexican fishing communities. A cross-sectional study was 4conducted with 100 elementary-school children aged 6-12 years. A survey that evaluated socioeconomic condi...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - March 13, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Go the Whole Nine Yards? How Extent of Meat Restriction Impacts Individual Dietary Experience.
This study examined three meat-restricted diets-a vegetarian diet, a reduced-meat diet, and a chicken-free diet-with a focus on the differences in lived dietary experiences operationalized using measures such as satisfaction with food-related life and the theory of planned behavior. The data comes from an online survey of a census-balanced sample of 30,000+ U.S. residents. The findings showed that meat reducers are a larger group than suspected and that there was a statistically significant difference in dietary experiences with vegetarians reporting better experiences with their diet. This research speaks to how the type ...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - March 13, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Health Risks in Different Age Group of Nitrate in Spring Water Used for Drinking in Harnai, Balochistan, Pakistan.
This study aims to determine the nitrate exposure and their health assessment in spring water used for drinking in Harnai. Total 24 water samples were collected from four springs used for drinking. Three samples from starting point and three from the end point of each spring were collected. DR/890 multi-parameter portable calorimeter was used for the measurement of nitrate. The concentration of nitrate was ranged from 0.1 to 1.1 mg/l with an average of 0.389 mg/l. The results show that the concentration of nitrate in spring water is 93%, and 99% less than permissible limits recommended by Pakistan Standards & Quality C...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - March 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Assessing the Food Availability and Food Insecurity Situation among Communities of Matam Region, Senegal.
Authors: Akpaki K, Galibois I, Sall M, Blaney S Abstract Matam is one of the poorest and most food-insecure regions of Senegal. In the past years, repeated environmental shocks such as drought have limited the access to food and it is unclear whether food insecurity is more a function of food availability (FA) and accessibility at the community level (CL) or more related to FA at the household level (HL). To better understand the FA and food security (FS) situation in this region, in 2018, a cross-sectional study was conducted in 103 households living in four villages. Through focus group discussions and direct obs...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - March 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Dietary Iron Intake and Availability in Hill Tribe and Urban Women, Chiang Rai Province, Northern Thailand.
The objectives were to compare dietary intakes of iron and enhancers and inhibitors of non-heme iron absorption in hill tribe and urban women of Chiang Rai province, northern Thailand, and compare iron- and vitamin C- containing foods sold in markets in both settings. Dietary data were collected using three 24- hour recalls from 128 women aged 19-50 years (hill tribe: n = 65; urban n = 63), and proportions of low-, medium- and high-iron/vitamin C containing foods were surveyed in local markets. Hill tribe women consumed less iron, animal protein, vitamin C and calcium, but market availability of iron/vitamin...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - March 6, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Timely Initiation of Complementary Feeding Practices in Gondar Town Northwest Ethiopia: A Cross-sectional Study.
Authors: Bazezew K, Worku W, Abebe Z Abstract Background: The time of introduction and nutritionally adequate, safe, age-appropriate complementary feeding is extremely important for the child's optimal growth, development, and health within the first 2 years of life. Despite a number of interventions to improve infant and young child feeding practices and nutritional status, appropriate feeding practices are far away from the recommendation. Therefore, the study aimed to assess timely initiation of complementary feeding practices and associated factors among children aged 6-23 months in Gondar town, northwest ...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - March 6, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Dual-Malnutrition Burden in Lower Socioeconomic Status Women in Mumbai.
This study aimed to record the prevalence of underweight and overweight in low-socioeconomic status women. The study included 100 women selected by the snowball sampling technique. Their anthropometric measurements were recorded. BMI and WHR were calculated. Mean BMI and WHR of subjects were 23.56 ± 4.82 kg/m2 and 0.82 ± 0.07 cm, respectively. In the lower-class, there were 18.2% underweight and 45.4% overweight/pre-obese subjects. In the upper-lower class. 49.3% subjects had WC≥80 cm and 42.3% subjects had WC≥80. Overweight/obesity was observed to over-power under-nutrition burden a...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - March 6, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Food Insecurity and Age at Menarche in Tampa Bay, Florida.
Authors: Burris M, Miller E, Romero-Daza N, Himmelgreen D Abstract The aim of this study was to assess whether household food insecurity is associated with delayed or early menarche among girls in the United States. Thirty-six dyadic household interviews were conducted with mothers and adolescent girls. The interviews included a socio-demographic survey, the USDA Six-Item Short Form Household Food Security Survey Module, anthropometric measurements, and the self-administered Youth-Adolescent Food Frequency Questionnaire. Using non-parametric quantitative analyses, we examined the associations among food insecurity,...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - February 16, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Service Providers' Perspectives on Barriers of Healthy Eating to Prevent Obesity among Low-income Children Attending Community Childcare Centers in South Korea: A Qualitative Study.
This study aimed to identify individual and socio-ecological barriers in managing healthy eating among low-income children from the perspective of community childcare (CCC) center workers (n = 18) through focus group interviews. They perceived the increase in obesity among low-income children. The interviews revealed that the child's eating habits are affected by not only individual determinants including self-regulation and risk awareness but also environmental factors such as family, CCC centers, policy and social structure. To enhance children's health and behavior, it is necessary to consider the interactions...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - February 8, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Engaging Ethnic Restaurants to Improve Community Nutrition Environments: A Qualitative Study with Hispanic Caribbean Restaurants in New York City.
This study used interviews with New York City Hispanic Caribbean (HC) restaurant owners, managers, and cooks/chefs (n=19) to examine perceptions concerning the healthfulness of the HC diet and diet-related disparities in the HC community, and document factors potentially influencing their engagement in community nutrition interventions. The interviews revealed high awareness of diet-related issues. Respondents had mixed notions concerning their role in improving community food environments, noting important barriers for collaboration to consider in future interventions. The study underscores the important role of ethnic re...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - January 23, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Food Availability, Food Security, and Maternal Mental Health.
Authors: Khanna SK PMID: 31895599 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition)
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - January 3, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Incipient Neighborhood and Socioeconomic Stratification Associated to Nutritional Status in Indigenous Qom Preschoolers from Formosa, Argentina.
This study describes the nutritional status of Qom preschoolers in general, and by neighborhood area and family's socioeconomic characteristics in a peri-urban village of Formosa, Argentina. Across-sectional study was carried out between January and December 2016, with 160 Qom children between 2 and 5 years of age. Interviews and anthropometric measures were conducted at the children's homes. Nutritional status was determined by body mass index. The prevalence of excess weight (overweight + obesity) and of stunting were associated with neighborhood area and socioeconomic level. The overall prevalence of stunting was 15.6% ...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - December 11, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Reducing Child Undernutrition through Dietary Diversification, Reduced Aflatoxin Exposure, and Improved Hygiene Practices: The Immediate Impacts in Central Tanzania.
Authors: Anitha S, Muzanila Y, Tsusaka TW, Kachulu L, Kumwenda N, Musoke M, Swai E, Shija J, Siambi M, Monyo ES, Bekunda M, Okori P Abstract The study aimed to quantify the immediate effects of dietary diversification, food safety, and hygiene interventions on child undernutrition in four rural villages in Kongwa district of central Tanzania. One hundred mothers with their children of less than 24 months old were recruited for this study. The difference-in-difference (DID) method was used to assess the effects of intensive intervention through a learning-by-doing process on the topic of aflatoxin free diversified f...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - November 30, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Food Preference, Infant and Child Feeding, and Household Food Security.
Authors: Khanna SK PMID: 31771362 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition)
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - November 28, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Assessment of Nutritional Status and Dietary Intake of Pregnant Women in Rural Area of Vhembe District, Limpopo Province.
Authors: Motadi SA, Matsea Z, Mogane PH, Masidwali P, Makwarela M, Mushaphi L Abstract Poor consumption of balanced diet could result in poor weight gain during pregnancy increasing the risk of premature delivery, low birth weight, and birth defects. To assess the nutritional status and dietary intake of pregnant women in rural areas of Vhembe district. A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out among 240pregnant women who were selected conveniently from 16 clinics in Vhembe District. An interviewer-administered questionnaire was used for data collection. Anthropometric measurements were measured following...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - November 27, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Dietary Practices and Meal Patterns among Overweight and Obese School Children in Malaysia: Baseline Data from a School-Based Intervention Study.
In conclusion, urgent actions to address improper dietary practices and meal patterns of overweight and obese school children in Malaysia are warranted. PMID: 31755310 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition)
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - November 24, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

A Novel School-based Intermittent Delivery System of Iron Supplements for Highly Marginalized Tarahumara Indigenous Women of Reproductive Age of Northern Mexico.
Authors: Crispino V, Monárrez-Espino J Abstract To develop a novel delivery scheme to bridge the Mexican health system with highly isolated indigenous communities by involving naturally occurring social links: households and boarding schools. This was a school-based placebo-controlled trial with a follow-up period of 16 weeks. Children whose mothers fulfilled the inclusion criteria for anemia acted as iron supplement carriers between schools and homes. Adherence was measured based on teachers' and mothers' records. An effectiveness sub-analysis assessed changes in biochemical profiles according to rando...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - November 13, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Determination of Nutrition and Physical Activity Status of Early Adolescents in Secondary Schools in Anatolian Side of Istanbul.
This study was conducted to determine the nutritional and physical activity statuses of adolescents and to examine the relationship between their nutritional and physical activity levels and anthropometric measurements. The sample of this study was composed of 2.000 students from 20 secondary schools in Istanbul, Turkey. The physical activity levels were also examined using the survey, food consumption levels were determined by applying the 24-h Dietary Recall. The height and weight were measured and evaluated by World Health Organization (WHO) growth references. Among the male students (n = 888), 50.9% were normal weighte...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - November 8, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Dialogues and Tensions in the Eating Habits of Syrian Refugees Living in S ão Paulo, Brazil.
This study investigates the processes of acculturation, interculturality and interactions in the eating habits of Syrian refugees who had a Syrian food venue in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. We conducted a qualitative study, with an ethnographical design, with ten participants, using semi-structured interviews and participant and non-participant observation. There were changes in the preparation of consumed and served food products. These changes were accompanied by tensions, connected to the acculturation strategies and intercultural relations. Even with these changes, consuming Syrian food allowed our participant...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - October 31, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Anemia and Associated Factors among Pregnant Women Attending Prenatal Care in Rural Dembia District, North West Ethiopia: A cross-Sectional Study.
Conclusion: The present study suggests anemia among pregnant women attending prenatal in Dembia district was high. Working to enhance adherence to iron supplementation and partner involvement for joint decision-making is recommended to avert prenatal anemia. Health-care providers and programmers are advised to pay special attention to rural and fasting pregnant mothers. Abbreviations: AOR: Adjusted Odd Ratio; CMHS: College of medicine and health sciences; CI: Confidence Interval; HFIAS: Household Food Insecurity Access Scale; RCSI: Reduced Coping Strategies Index; Hgb: Hemoglobin; MCMC: Marco Chain Monte Carlo; EPV: Events...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - October 29, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research