The influence of cultural food security on cultural identity and well-being: a qualitative comparison between second-generation American and international students in the United States
Ecol Food Nutr. 2021 Feb 25:1-27. doi: 10.1080/03670244.2021.1875455. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe purpose of this study was to explore the impact of cultural food insecurity on identity and well-being in second-generation American and international university students. Thirty-one semi-structured interviews were conducted from January-April 2020. Audio transcripts were analyzed using continuous and abductive thematic analysis. Students indicated that cultural foodways enhanced their well-being by facilitating their cultural/ethnic identity maintenance, connection, and expression. Conversely, cultural food insecurity d...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - February 26, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Kathrine E Wright Julie E Lucero Jenanne K Ferguson Michelle L Granner Paul G Devereux Jennifer L Pearson Eric Crosbie Source Type: research

Global Perspectives on Food Sovereignty, Household Resilience, and Dietary Diversity.
Authors: Khanna SK PMID: 33573409 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition)
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - February 14, 2021 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Food Profiles of Indigenous Households in Brazil: Results of the First National Survey of Indigenous Peoples' Health and Nutrition.
The objective of the present study was to characterize the food profiles in Indigenous households participating in the First National Survey of Indigenous People's Health and Nutrition in Brazil. Multiple correspondence analysis was used to estimate distances between regions and foods from three sources (local Indigenous production, purchased, and external donation), in addition to "not consumed." The combined distribution of the first two dimensions revealed three distinct profiles of food acquisition. Observed proximities between geopolitical regions and distinct modes of food acquisition speak to regional cont...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - February 14, 2021 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Food Insecurity and Lipid Profile Abnormalities Are Associated with an Increased Risk of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD): A Case-Control Study.
Authors: Tutunchi H, Saghafi-Asl M, Ebrahimi-Mameghani M, Ostadrahimi A Abstract This case-control study aimed to assess the relationship between food insecurity, its related risk factors and NAFLD among 210 subjects. The demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, anthropometric indices, and food insecurity and depression status were assessed. The prevalence of food insecurity was 56.8% and 26.1% in cases and controls (p
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - February 14, 2021 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

The Development of a Quantified Food Frequency Questionnaire for Assessing Iron Nutrition in Schoolchildren from Resource-Limited Settings in Cape Town, South Africa.
Authors: Goosen C, Blaauw R Abstract Children are vulnerable to developing iron deficiency anemia, especially in resource-limited settings. Information on habitual dietary intake informs dietary interventions aimed at improving iron deficiency. Dietary assessment in school-aged children is challenging and requires concerted efforts to mitigate the pitfalls of long complex methods. Nested within an intervention trial, we aimed to obtain dietary intake information to assess iron nutrition in 8 to 13-year-old children from resource-limited settings in Cape Town, South Africa. Following careful consideration of the stu...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - February 7, 2021 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Examining Sociodemographic Factors, Food Insecurity and Obesity of Food Pantry Clients in Alaska: A Cross Sectional Study.
Authors: Walch A, Holland K Abstract Food insecurity continues to be high despite the increasing use of emergency food assistance. Research shows that food insecurity among food pantry clients is over 50-70%. Despite the high rates, there remains the paradox of people who are both food insecure and obese. Limited research has examined links between obesity, food insecurity, and food pantry clients. This cross-sectional study examined the relationship between food security, weight, and sociodemographic factors of clients at the largest food pantry in Alaska. On-site surveys were completed with 148 clients between Fe...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - January 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Risk Factors of Mid-upper Arm Circumference (MUAC) Based Child Malnutrition in the Flood-affected Areas of Pakistan: A Cross-sectional Study.
Authors: Haq IU, Mehmood Z, Khan N, Khan MN, Israr M, Ali Khan E, Nisar M, Ahmad MI, Ali M Abstract Low- and middle-income countries are usually at high risk of malnutrition. Not only that but the prevalence of malnutrition is much higher. It is important to evaluate the determinants of malnutrition in flood-affected areas of Pakistan. The present study examined the prevalence and risk factors of MUAC-based child malnutrition in flood-hit regions of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Multi-stage sampling was employed to select 656 households. Finally, 298 children of 6-59 months were selected. MUAC, an independent ...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - January 22, 2021 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

The Effect of Social Isolation during COVID-19 Pandemic on Nutrition and Exercise Behaviors of Nursing Students.
This study aims to examine the effect of social isolation during COVID-19 pandemic on nutrition and exercise behaviors of nursing students. This descriptive study was conducted with nursing students of a university in eastern Turkey. The sample of the study consisted of 1,011 nursing students. The data were collected via e-mail using the Questionnaire of Descriptive Characteristics and the Nutrition Exercise Behavior Scale. Nutrition and exercise behaviors were affected by lockdown. During lockdown due to the COVID-19 pandemic, nearly half of students (46.9%) gained weight, and the majority (56.7%) did not exercise regular...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - January 22, 2021 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Food Selection Factors and Perceived Influence on Household Foods Post-Arrival to the U.S. of Newcomer Immigrant and Refugee Adolescents.
The objective of this study was to examine food selection factors and influence on household food selection by newcomer immigrant and refugee adolescents. Participants (n = 68) reported healthfulness (70.1%) and taste (44.2%) as their primary influencing factors. Adolescents' Refugee camp experience, BMI, sex, and ethnicity were associated with reported influences on food selection. Most (85.3%) had tried new foods, reported influence on household food selection (81%) and new food consumption was associated with adolescents' influence on the overall household's food selection. In summary, a variety of factors influenc...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - January 22, 2021 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Social Ecological Barriers for Healthy Eating of Obese Children and Their Caregivers in Low-income Families in South Korea.
Authors: Park J, Ten Hoor GA, Baek S, Baek S, Lee JY, Lee H Abstract In this qualitative study, the focus is on healthy eating in children from low-income families who visit a Community Child Care center (CCC) in South Korea. Barriers for healthy eating were identified using focus group interviews with low-income overweight and obese children and their caregivers and applying a social ecological model as well as the framework analysis for qualitative data. The need for theory- and evidence-based health promotion interventions is indicated, at the level of the family, but also at the level of collaboration among all...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - January 21, 2021 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Healthy Diet Perceptions of Pregnant Women from Sub-Saharan Africa Residing in the U.S.
Authors: Iradukunda F, Poudel-Tandukar K Abstract Several consumers lack a clear understanding of what makes a healthy diet. This uncertainty may be worsened by immigration due to socio-cultural differences. The purpose of this study was to explore Sub-Saharan African (SSA) pregnant women's perceptions of a healthy diet and the sources of dietary information available to them in the context of immigration. We used narrative interviews and photo-food diaries, followed by photo-elucidated interviews to obtain data. Participants defined and illustrated a healthy diet as having four characteristics: (a) Familiar, (b) b...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - January 21, 2021 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Undernutrition and Associated Factors Among School Adolescent Girls Attending Schools in Mirab-Armachiho District, Northwest Ethiopia.
Authors: Mersha J, Tariku A, Gonete KA Abstract Substantial proportions of adolescent girls are suffering from undernutrition; despite they are considered as future mothers. Undernourished mothers are more likely to give birth to an offspring with impaired growth and development. Hence, investigating adolescents' undernutrition had a pivotal role to tackle the problem. Therefore, this study aimed to assess undernutrition and associated factors among adolescent girls in Mirabarmacho district, Ethiopia. An institution-based cross-sectional study was conducted from March to April 20, 2018, in the Mirab Armachiho distr...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - January 12, 2021 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Understanding Students' and Science Educators' Eco-Labeled Food Purchase Behaviors: Extension of Theory of Planned Behavior with Self-Identity, Personal Norm, Willingness to Pay, and Eco-Label Knowledge.
This study aims to understand antecedents of students' and science educators' purchasing behaviors for eco-labeled foods with the extended Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) model including self-identity, personal norm, willingness to pay, and eco-label knowledge in the Turkish context. A web-based survey was used to collect data from 3,393 people including middle school students, high school students, pre-service science teachers, science teachers, and academic staff. The results revealed that both the original (32%) and extended (37%) TPB models successfully explained intentions to purchase eco-labeled foods. In addition, ...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - January 8, 2021 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

A Mixed-methods Study to Understand Food Environments and Grocery Shopping Patterns of Community Residents in Underserved Neighborhoods in Tampa, Florida.
Authors: Gray HL, Berumen JH, Lovett SM, Himmelgreen D, Biswas D, Bohn J, Peacock C, Buro AW Abstract A mixed methods study was conducted to better understand food access, food retail store environment, and perspectives of community residents on their grocery store shopping patterns and access to healthy foods in underserved, predominantly African American neighborhoods. GIS mapping, grocery store observations (n = 4), a food access and grocery store environment survey (n = 126), and focus groups (n = 48) were used. The results indicate that these neighborhoods have a low density of gr...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - December 29, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Prevalence and Determinants of Early Initiation (EI), Exclusive Breastfeeding (EBF), and Prelacteal Feeding among Children Aged 0-24 Months in Slums of Pune City, in Maharashtra.
Authors: Jeyakumar A, Jungari S, Nair R, Menon P, Babar P, Bhushan B, Yogita H, Ali J, Saddichha M, Bhagyashree M, Monika P, Sakshi S Abstract Infant and young child feeding practices remain a public health challenge in India. We determined the socio-demographic risk factors for early initiation, exclusive breastfeeding and prelacteal feeding in the urban slums of Pune city. A cross sectional survey of mother (N=1443) children (
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - December 19, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Determinants of Household Food Insecurity in Rural Areas of the Hilly Region of Kumaun, Uttarakhand, India: A Pilot Study.
This study aimed to determine the extent and determinants of household food insecurity in rural-hilly areas of Kumaun, Uttarakhand. A cross-sectional, interview-administered survey was conducted among 155 households. Food insecurity, as measured by Household Food Insecurity Access Scale, was found in a large number of households; 2.6% of households were categorized as severely food-insecure, 53.3% as moderately food-insecure, 7.1% as mildly food-insecure, and 36.8% as food-secure. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that food insecurity was significantly associated with the poverty level of the family, numbe...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - December 19, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Rural Midwestern Mexican Fathers' Perspectives on Family Food, Mealtimes, and Physical Activity.
Authors: Greder K, Zaman A, Routh B, Hammons A, Villegas E Abstract Two focus group interviews with eight low-income Mexican fathers in two communities in a rural Midwestern state explored fathers' perceptions, behaviors, and roles related to child and family food consumption, mealtimes, and physical activity. On average, fathers were 34 years of age, had 10 years of formal education, and annual household incomes ranged from $36,250 to $46,249. Findings include the identification of fifteen themes through the process of thematic analysis that are organized by five thematic areas of interest (family food patterns, s...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - December 19, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Cultural Preference, Food Fortification, and Healthy Eating.
Authors: Khanna SK PMID: 33301377 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition)
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - December 12, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Socio-economic Variables Associated with Motivational Barriers of Food Choice among Lactating Women from Central Ethiopia: A Cross-sectional Study.
Authors: Kibr G, Mulugeta A, Bosha T Abstract Understanding the drivers of food choice is essential to guide the nutrition interventions and tailor nutrition counseling messages. There is strong evidence from a published study, which demonstrate attention for the need to consider the wide range of drivers during food choice. Due to the large variety of food products on the market, consumers make a multitude of food choice daily. The study aimed to assess major motivational drivers of food choice among randomly selected lactating women aged 15-49 years (423) from Debrebirhan Town using face to face interview. L...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - December 9, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Rapid Ethnonutrition Assessment Method Is Useful to Prototype Dietary Assessments with a Focus on Local Biodiverse Food Plants.
Authors: Jacob MCM, Feitosa IS, de Araujo JYM, Batista NADN, Silva TLLD, Motta VWL, de Albuquerque UP Abstract Ethnonutrition is the study of diets in the context of food systems of different peoples and cultures. Its scope comprises native or local categories used to classify food, and also includes biodiverse food availability, local culinary techniques, seasonality, and cultural perceptions related to diet with nutritional implications. Here, we describe a method useful for gathering ethnonutrition data to design dietary interventions or assessments, the Rapid Ethnonutrition Assessment (REA). REA is a tool that ...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - December 9, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Do Market-oriented Engendered Agriculture-health Interventions Affect Household Nutrition Outcomes: Evidence from an Orange-fleshed Sweetpotato Project in Rwanda.
In this study, we assess the impact of a market-oriented gender-sensitive agriculture-health project on household food consumption and food security. We use gender-disaggregated data from 842 sweetpotato farmers and a series of econometric techniques to assess the project's impact on food consumption household food security. The study finds unambiguous and strong impact of the project on both household food consumption and food security. Moreover, female-headed participant households benefitted much more from participation than did male-headed households. We further find that nonparticipant households would also have benef...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - December 2, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Linking Fruit and Vegetable Consumption, Food Safety and Health Risk Attitudes and Happiness in Thailand: Evidence from a Population-based Survey.
Authors: Phulkerd S, Thapsuwan S, Thongcharoenchupong N, Chamratrithirong A, Gray RS Abstract The purpose of this nationally-representative cross-sectional study was to investigate the association of fruit and vegetable consumption and food safety and health risk attitudes with happiness among Thai people. The study employed a multi-stage sampling design. A total of 6,955 Thai residents age 15 years or older from four geographic regions and Bangkok in Thailand participated in the study. Information on self-reported happiness, daily fruit, and vegetable consumption, sociodemographic characteristics, and risk at...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - November 25, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Association of Obesity with Depressive Symptomatology, Eating Habits, Interleukin-8 and Cortisol in a Young Population.
In conclusion, these results indicate that high adiposity is related to changes in the concentrations of interleukin-8 and eating habits, confirming that obesity is the consequence of a complex network of various factors. PMID: 33176493 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition)
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - November 14, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)-Authorized Retailers' Perceived Costs to Use Behavioral Economic Strategies to Encourage Healthy Product Sales.
Authors: Houghtaling B, Serrano E, Chen S, Kraak VI, Harden SM, Davis GC, Misyak S Abstract SNAP-authorized retailers could use marketing-mix and choice-architecture (MMCA) strategies to improve SNAP purchases, but associated costs are unknown. Perceived cost and inconvenience to implement eight MMCA strategies were assessed among 29 U.S. retailers. Differences in perspective were explored (owners vs. managers, corporate vs. independent retailers, and by format). Place changes (e.g., added refrigeration) were perceived more costly and prompting (e.g., shelf labeling) less costly. Managers rated the perceived i...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - November 12, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Consumer Nutrition Knowledge and Dietary Behavior in Urban Ethiopia: A Comprehensive Study.
Authors: Melesse MB, van den Berg M Abstract This paper studies the association between nutrition knowledge and consumer dietary behavior using large survey data from 996 respondents in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. We find that health was the most important factor in individuals' food choice. However, most consumers were found to have imperfect understanding of the link between food and health. Especially, the causes and consequences of obesity were poorly understood. A considerable proportion of respondents also endorsed harmful food taboos. We found that nutrition knowledge was positively associated with more diversifi...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - November 11, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Migration, Gender, Staple Food Choices, and Food Supplementation.
Authors: Khanna SK PMID: 33040608 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition)
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - October 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Prevalence of Anemia in View of Socio-demographic and Health Status of Adolescent Girls Enrolled in Government School at Border-belt of Indian Punjab.
Authors: Dhillon PK, Kumar B, Verma HK Abstract Poor socio-demographic and health status are considered key factors for prevalence of anemia in school-going adolescent girls in developing countries. A cross-sectional study was conducted (2019-2020) on 32 adolescent girls, randomly selected from 9th, 10th, 11th, and 12th standards at Government School, Harike Pattan to assess magnitude of anemia and its associated factors. Hemoglobin level of adolescent girls was assessed using cyanmethaemoglobin method. Subsequently, adolescent girls were interviewed about their hygiene and health status through a pre-structured in...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - October 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

"Sow, Grow, Know, and Show": The Impact of School Gardens on Student Self-Perception in the Mississippi Delta.
"Sow, Grow, Know, and Show": The Impact of School Gardens on Student Self-Perception in the Mississippi Delta. Ecol Food Nutr. 2020 Oct 13;:1-23 Authors: Holmes EA, Campbell MF, James W, Matthews K Abstract This research evaluates the impact of participation in school garden programs on fifth grade student garden knowledge, self-perception, and standardized test scores in the Mississippi Delta. We collected pre and posttest participant data for two years, compared garden participants' standardized test scores with non-participants, and conducted participant observation and interviews in three...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - October 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Mediterranean Diet Adherence among Preschoolers and its Association with Parents' Beliefs, Attitudes, and Practices.
Authors: Sanlier N, Ulusoy HG, KocabaƟ S, Çelik B, Göbel P, Yilmaz S Abstract The effect of parents on nutritional habits in preschool children is undeniable. It is known that parental control in child nutrition can affect the child's eating habits, and bodyweight. Mediterranean Diet (MD) adherence of children (KIDMED), parents' beliefs, attitudes and practices (Preschool Feeding Questionnaire-PFQ2) were investigated. The questionnaire prepared was applied by researchers face-to-face to 1413 families who agreed to participate voluntarily in the research with preschool children. Parental beliefs, attitu...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - October 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Factors Affecting Undernutrition among School Children in Cebu, Philippines.
This study investigated the factors associated with the nutritional status of school children in a rural municipality in Cebu, Philippines. Children aged 6-12 years (n = 327) and their parents were asked to participate. Children's anthropometric measurements were taken in schools, while interviews and measurements of parents were conducted at home. Children's nutritional status was assessed using height-for-age (HAZ) and weight-for-age (WAZ) z scores, while body mass index (BMI) was used for parents. Children's dietary patterns and physical activity, and household characteristics, such as food insecurity, eating ...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - October 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Food Insecurity and Cardiovascular Risk Factors among Iranian Women.
Authors: Hamedi-Shahraki S, Mir F, Amirkhizi F Abstract We evaluated whether food insecurity is associated with clinical evidence of diet-sensitive cardiovascular diseases (CVD) risk factors, including obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and diabetes. In this population-based cross-sectional study, 630 women aged 18-50 years under cover of health centers in Iran randomly selected and interviewed face-to-face. Food insecurity was evaluated using a household food insecurity access scale (HFIAS) questionnaire, which its validity and reliability was determined in the Iranian population. Logistic regression was us...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - September 3, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

An Evaluation of Awareness, Knowledge, and Use of Folic Acid and Dietary Folate Intake among Non-Pregnant Women of Childbearing Age and Pregnant Women: A Cross-Sectional Study from Turkey.
This study was carried out to evaluate awareness, knowledge, and use of folic acid and dietary folate intake among non-pregnant women of childbearing age and pregnant women. A cross-sectional study was completed with 1442 women (1106 non-pregnant and 336 pregnant) in Ankara, Turkey. The individuals' awareness, knowledge, and use of folic acid were questioned and food consumption were taken. More than two-thirds of the non-pregnant and pregnant women had heard of folic acid (77.2% and 89.0%, respectively). The pregnant women (53.9%) knew more that folic acid should be used before conception in order to prevent congenital an...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - August 30, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Dietary Diversity and Food Coping Strategies in Zimbabwe: Do Resilience and Food Insecurity Status Matter?
This study assessed how dietary diversity and food coping strategies differ by resilience and food insecurity status. Proportionate sampling technique was used to interview 3440 households in 18 districts of Zimbabwe. Results show that resilient and food secure households had good diet diversification and were less likely to adopt food coping strategies when compared to less resilient and food insecure ones. Adaptive and absorptive resilience capacities and income reduced the use of food coping strategies. Interventions that improve household resilience capacities and income should be promoted to reduce the use of food cop...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - August 30, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Association between Dietary Calcium Intake and Bone Mineral Density in Older Adults.
In conclusion, for older adults aged ≥ 60, higher dietary calcium intake is associated with a higher lumbar BMD in women, but not in men. PMID: 32779476 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition)
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - August 12, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Food Acquisition Behaviors and Perceptions of Food Pantry Use among Food Pantry Clients in Rural Appalachia.
This article explores how food pantries fit into a broader scope of food acquisition strategies of rural Appalachian households and aims to contextualize this with an understanding of how food pantry users perceive their food pantry use. Semi-structured interviews (n=20) were conducted with food pantry users in Eastern Tennessee, followed by a survey for collection of demographic data. NVivo 11.4 software was used for thematic analysis and theory formulation. In addition to pantry use, participants reported reliance on grocery stores, and reciprocal, informal, food-sharing social networks to get food. Lack o...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - July 22, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Seasonal Variation of Household Food Insecurity and Household Dietary Diversity on Wasting and Stunting among Young Children in A Drought Prone Area in South Ethiopia: A Cohort Study.
This study was conducted to evaluate seasonal patterns of household food insecurity, dietary diversity, and household characteristics on wasting and stunting among children in households followed for 1 year in the drought-prone areas of Sidama, Ethiopia. A cohort study design was employed. Data were collected on the pre-harvest season (March and June) and post-harvest season (September and December) of 2017. We studied 935 children aged 6 to 47 months. At four seasons over a year, we had 3,449 observations from 897 households and 82% (2,816) (95% CI: 80.3-82.9) were food in-secured households. Severe food insecurity w...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - July 18, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

The Impact of Household Food Insecurity on Health and Well-Being of Women and Children.
Authors: Khanna SK PMID: 32633641 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition)
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - July 8, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Socio-economic Determinants of Increasing Household Food Insecurity during and after a Drought in the District of iLembe, South Africa.
Authors: Drysdale RE, Bob U, Moshabela M Abstract In 2015 and 2016, South Africa experienced a severe drought resulting in water restrictions and food price inflation. A year later, while the proportion of food secure households remained constant, the proportion of those experiencing severe food insecurity increased. This paper investigates the socio-economic determinants of increasing food insecurity during and after the drought. Two cross-sectional household surveys were carried out in the district of iLembe in November 2016 and 2017. Household food insecurity was measured using the Coping Strategies Index. The r...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - July 2, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Study on Breakfast Consumption Pattern and Its Outcomes in Relation to Hematological and Body Composition Indices among Adolescent Girls.
Authors: Jain D, Grover K, Choudhary M Abstract Breakfast consumption is of utmost importance for adolescents to attain nutritional adequacy. The association of breakfast skipping with overall nutritional status has been supported with little causal evidences. Therefore, the present investigation was undertaken to examine this conjecture. A total of 500 adolescent girls from rural and urban government schools of Ludhiana District in the Punjab State of India in the age group of 16-18 years were randomly interviewed to assess their breakfast consumption pattern. Based on their breakfast consumption pattern, 90 ...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - June 24, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Distributing and Sourcing Local Produce in Latino-focused Food Stores: A Qualitative Study with Stores and Small Farmers in San Diego County.
Authors: Sanchez-Flack J, Wasserman R Abstract A strategy to address challenges in sourcing and maintaining produce in tiendas is to build a new localized food economy. Key informant interviews were conducted with tienda owners and managers and small produce farmers to understand produce distribution and sourcing behaviors, and to identify the potential to connect tiendas with small produce farmers. Interviews were analyzed using an inductive coding approach and were summarized into three themes: people, place, and product. Results provide context for understanding factors that affect access to local produce in Lat...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - June 5, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Global Perspectives on Assessing and Improving the Health and Nutritional Status of Mothers and Children.
Authors: Khanna SK PMID: 32478615 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition)
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - June 2, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Development and Application of Interactive, Culturally Specific Strategies for the Consumption of High-fiber Foods in Puerto Rican Adolescents.
Authors: Correa-Matos N, Rodríguez MC, Rodríguez-Pérez R Abstract Healthy eating practices in the adolescents can prevent the development of obesity and other chronic diseases in the adulthood. The consumption of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains in Puerto Rican adolescents is low and might be contributing to the high prevalence of food-related chronic diseases, such as obesity in this group. The purpose of the study was to develop and apply interactive methods and strategies that help adolescents make healthy food choices. Over time, healthy food choices can delay or prevent food-related ch...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - May 22, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Predictors of Intention to Integrate Biofortified Orange-fleshed Sweetpotato in Child Feeding: A Field Information Experiment in Rural Kenya.
Authors: Lagerkvist CJ, Mutiso JM, Okello JJ, Muoki P, Oluoch-Kosura W, Heck S Abstract The study assesses the psychosocial predictors of intention to integrate biofortified pro-vitamin A orange-fleshed sweet potato (OFSP) in proper complementary feeding (PCF) among women who received either verbal or verbal and visual demonstrations on OFSP-based foods. A total of 764 randomly selected women grouped into four categories, namely pregnant women, women with infants, women with young children, and potential mothers, participated in this study. Using a structural equation model of predicted intentions based on an exten...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - May 16, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Feasibility and Acceptability of Implementing a Culturally Adapted Cooking Curriculum for Burundian and Congolese Refugee Families.
Authors: McElrone M, Colby S, Fouts HN, Spence M, Kavanagh K, Franzen-Castle L, Olfert MD, Kattelmann KK, White AA Abstract Pika Pamoja (Cook Together) is an eight-session cooking curriculum for Burundian and Congolese refugee families, culturally adapted from the evidence-based iCook 4-H curriculum to address dietary acculturation barriers to and facilitators of food security. The goal of this study was to determine the feasibility and acceptability of implementing Pika Pamoja.Researchers and a multilingual community aid implemented Pika Pamoja in a pre-post pilot intervention with randomized control (n =&nbs...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - May 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Seasonal Nutritional Food Security to Indian Women through Community-level Implementation of Domestic Solar Conduction Dryer.
This study explores the impact of a house-hold, post-harvest processing unit on the nutritional, economic, and social status of rural women. Solar Conduction Dryer (SCD) is an electricity-free, solar-powered food dehydrator for the production of dried vegetables, fruits, marine, and meat-based products. SCD was provided to 200 rural women farmers in the Aurangabad district of India. The availability of the dryer enabled the women to preserve seasonal produce during the surplus season and consume it during the lean period. An increase of 36% in the Women's Dietary Diversity Score was observed in the intervention group as co...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - May 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Dietary Intake of Upper Midwest and Southwest Native American Adults.
Authors: Loh IH, Trude ACB, Setiono F, Redmond L, Jock B, Gittelsohn J Abstract Limited information on current dietary patterns of Native American (NA) adults exists. This paper describes the dietary intake of 582 NA adults, aged 19-75 years, living in six communities in New Mexico and Wisconsin in 2016-2017 and compares macronutrient and micronutrient intakes, estimated via a semi-quantitative 30-day Block Food Frequency Questionnaire, among different age and sex groups. NA adults consumed a diet high in % energy from total fat, saturated fat, added sugars, and sodium. A general trend of lower micronutrient i...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - May 8, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research