Promoting Adolescent and Maternal Health through School-Based and Community-Based Interventions.
Authors: Khanna SK PMID: 32191545 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition)
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - March 20, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Food Insecurity Was Associated with Lower Fruits and Vegetables Consumption but Not with Overweight and Obesity in Children from Mexican Fishing Communities.
Authors: Murillo-Castillo KD, Frongillo EA, Corella-Madueño MA, Quizán-Plata T Abstract Food insecurity has been associated with decreased household food supplies, which could affect children's fruit and vegetables intakes and increases their risk of being overweight or obese. The aim of this study was to determine if food insecurity was associated with lower fruit and vegetables consumption and overweight and obesity in children from Mexican fishing communities. A cross-sectional study was 4conducted with 100 elementary-school children aged 6-12 years. A survey that evaluated socioeconomic condi...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - March 13, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Go the Whole Nine Yards? How Extent of Meat Restriction Impacts Individual Dietary Experience.
This study examined three meat-restricted diets-a vegetarian diet, a reduced-meat diet, and a chicken-free diet-with a focus on the differences in lived dietary experiences operationalized using measures such as satisfaction with food-related life and the theory of planned behavior. The data comes from an online survey of a census-balanced sample of 30,000+ U.S. residents. The findings showed that meat reducers are a larger group than suspected and that there was a statistically significant difference in dietary experiences with vegetarians reporting better experiences with their diet. This research speaks to how the type ...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - March 13, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Health Risks in Different Age Group of Nitrate in Spring Water Used for Drinking in Harnai, Balochistan, Pakistan.
This study aims to determine the nitrate exposure and their health assessment in spring water used for drinking in Harnai. Total 24 water samples were collected from four springs used for drinking. Three samples from starting point and three from the end point of each spring were collected. DR/890 multi-parameter portable calorimeter was used for the measurement of nitrate. The concentration of nitrate was ranged from 0.1 to 1.1 mg/l with an average of 0.389 mg/l. The results show that the concentration of nitrate in spring water is 93%, and 99% less than permissible limits recommended by Pakistan Standards & Quality C...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - March 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Assessing the Food Availability and Food Insecurity Situation among Communities of Matam Region, Senegal.
Authors: Akpaki K, Galibois I, Sall M, Blaney S Abstract Matam is one of the poorest and most food-insecure regions of Senegal. In the past years, repeated environmental shocks such as drought have limited the access to food and it is unclear whether food insecurity is more a function of food availability (FA) and accessibility at the community level (CL) or more related to FA at the household level (HL). To better understand the FA and food security (FS) situation in this region, in 2018, a cross-sectional study was conducted in 103 households living in four villages. Through focus group discussions and direct obs...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - March 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Dietary Iron Intake and Availability in Hill Tribe and Urban Women, Chiang Rai Province, Northern Thailand.
The objectives were to compare dietary intakes of iron and enhancers and inhibitors of non-heme iron absorption in hill tribe and urban women of Chiang Rai province, northern Thailand, and compare iron- and vitamin C- containing foods sold in markets in both settings. Dietary data were collected using three 24- hour recalls from 128 women aged 19-50 years (hill tribe: n = 65; urban n = 63), and proportions of low-, medium- and high-iron/vitamin C containing foods were surveyed in local markets. Hill tribe women consumed less iron, animal protein, vitamin C and calcium, but market availability of iron/vitamin...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - March 6, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Timely Initiation of Complementary Feeding Practices in Gondar Town Northwest Ethiopia: A Cross-sectional Study.
Authors: Bazezew K, Worku W, Abebe Z Abstract Background: The time of introduction and nutritionally adequate, safe, age-appropriate complementary feeding is extremely important for the child's optimal growth, development, and health within the first 2 years of life. Despite a number of interventions to improve infant and young child feeding practices and nutritional status, appropriate feeding practices are far away from the recommendation. Therefore, the study aimed to assess timely initiation of complementary feeding practices and associated factors among children aged 6-23 months in Gondar town, northwest ...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - March 6, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Dual-Malnutrition Burden in Lower Socioeconomic Status Women in Mumbai.
This study aimed to record the prevalence of underweight and overweight in low-socioeconomic status women. The study included 100 women selected by the snowball sampling technique. Their anthropometric measurements were recorded. BMI and WHR were calculated. Mean BMI and WHR of subjects were 23.56 ± 4.82 kg/m2 and 0.82 ± 0.07 cm, respectively. In the lower-class, there were 18.2% underweight and 45.4% overweight/pre-obese subjects. In the upper-lower class. 49.3% subjects had WC≥80 cm and 42.3% subjects had WC≥80. Overweight/obesity was observed to over-power under-nutrition burden a...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - March 6, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Food Insecurity and Age at Menarche in Tampa Bay, Florida.
Authors: Burris M, Miller E, Romero-Daza N, Himmelgreen D Abstract The aim of this study was to assess whether household food insecurity is associated with delayed or early menarche among girls in the United States. Thirty-six dyadic household interviews were conducted with mothers and adolescent girls. The interviews included a socio-demographic survey, the USDA Six-Item Short Form Household Food Security Survey Module, anthropometric measurements, and the self-administered Youth-Adolescent Food Frequency Questionnaire. Using non-parametric quantitative analyses, we examined the associations among food insecurity,...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - February 16, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Service Providers' Perspectives on Barriers of Healthy Eating to Prevent Obesity among Low-income Children Attending Community Childcare Centers in South Korea: A Qualitative Study.
This study aimed to identify individual and socio-ecological barriers in managing healthy eating among low-income children from the perspective of community childcare (CCC) center workers (n = 18) through focus group interviews. They perceived the increase in obesity among low-income children. The interviews revealed that the child's eating habits are affected by not only individual determinants including self-regulation and risk awareness but also environmental factors such as family, CCC centers, policy and social structure. To enhance children's health and behavior, it is necessary to consider the interactions...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - February 8, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Engaging Ethnic Restaurants to Improve Community Nutrition Environments: A Qualitative Study with Hispanic Caribbean Restaurants in New York City.
This study used interviews with New York City Hispanic Caribbean (HC) restaurant owners, managers, and cooks/chefs (n=19) to examine perceptions concerning the healthfulness of the HC diet and diet-related disparities in the HC community, and document factors potentially influencing their engagement in community nutrition interventions. The interviews revealed high awareness of diet-related issues. Respondents had mixed notions concerning their role in improving community food environments, noting important barriers for collaboration to consider in future interventions. The study underscores the important role of ethnic re...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - January 23, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Food Availability, Food Security, and Maternal Mental Health.
Authors: Khanna SK PMID: 31895599 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition)
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - January 3, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Incipient Neighborhood and Socioeconomic Stratification Associated to Nutritional Status in Indigenous Qom Preschoolers from Formosa, Argentina.
This study describes the nutritional status of Qom preschoolers in general, and by neighborhood area and family's socioeconomic characteristics in a peri-urban village of Formosa, Argentina. Across-sectional study was carried out between January and December 2016, with 160 Qom children between 2 and 5 years of age. Interviews and anthropometric measures were conducted at the children's homes. Nutritional status was determined by body mass index. The prevalence of excess weight (overweight + obesity) and of stunting were associated with neighborhood area and socioeconomic level. The overall prevalence of stunting was 15.6% ...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - December 11, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Reducing Child Undernutrition through Dietary Diversification, Reduced Aflatoxin Exposure, and Improved Hygiene Practices: The Immediate Impacts in Central Tanzania.
Authors: Anitha S, Muzanila Y, Tsusaka TW, Kachulu L, Kumwenda N, Musoke M, Swai E, Shija J, Siambi M, Monyo ES, Bekunda M, Okori P Abstract The study aimed to quantify the immediate effects of dietary diversification, food safety, and hygiene interventions on child undernutrition in four rural villages in Kongwa district of central Tanzania. One hundred mothers with their children of less than 24 months old were recruited for this study. The difference-in-difference (DID) method was used to assess the effects of intensive intervention through a learning-by-doing process on the topic of aflatoxin free diversified f...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - November 30, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Food Preference, Infant and Child Feeding, and Household Food Security.
Authors: Khanna SK PMID: 31771362 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition)
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - November 28, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Assessment of Nutritional Status and Dietary Intake of Pregnant Women in Rural Area of Vhembe District, Limpopo Province.
Authors: Motadi SA, Matsea Z, Mogane PH, Masidwali P, Makwarela M, Mushaphi L Abstract Poor consumption of balanced diet could result in poor weight gain during pregnancy increasing the risk of premature delivery, low birth weight, and birth defects. To assess the nutritional status and dietary intake of pregnant women in rural areas of Vhembe district. A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out among 240pregnant women who were selected conveniently from 16 clinics in Vhembe District. An interviewer-administered questionnaire was used for data collection. Anthropometric measurements were measured following...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - November 27, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Dietary Practices and Meal Patterns among Overweight and Obese School Children in Malaysia: Baseline Data from a School-Based Intervention Study.
In conclusion, urgent actions to address improper dietary practices and meal patterns of overweight and obese school children in Malaysia are warranted. PMID: 31755310 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition)
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - November 24, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

A Novel School-based Intermittent Delivery System of Iron Supplements for Highly Marginalized Tarahumara Indigenous Women of Reproductive Age of Northern Mexico.
Authors: Crispino V, Monárrez-Espino J Abstract To develop a novel delivery scheme to bridge the Mexican health system with highly isolated indigenous communities by involving naturally occurring social links: households and boarding schools. This was a school-based placebo-controlled trial with a follow-up period of 16 weeks. Children whose mothers fulfilled the inclusion criteria for anemia acted as iron supplement carriers between schools and homes. Adherence was measured based on teachers' and mothers' records. An effectiveness sub-analysis assessed changes in biochemical profiles according to rando...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - November 13, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Determination of Nutrition and Physical Activity Status of Early Adolescents in Secondary Schools in Anatolian Side of Istanbul.
This study was conducted to determine the nutritional and physical activity statuses of adolescents and to examine the relationship between their nutritional and physical activity levels and anthropometric measurements. The sample of this study was composed of 2.000 students from 20 secondary schools in Istanbul, Turkey. The physical activity levels were also examined using the survey, food consumption levels were determined by applying the 24-h Dietary Recall. The height and weight were measured and evaluated by World Health Organization (WHO) growth references. Among the male students (n = 888), 50.9% were normal weighte...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - November 8, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Dialogues and Tensions in the Eating Habits of Syrian Refugees Living in S ão Paulo, Brazil.
This study investigates the processes of acculturation, interculturality and interactions in the eating habits of Syrian refugees who had a Syrian food venue in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. We conducted a qualitative study, with an ethnographical design, with ten participants, using semi-structured interviews and participant and non-participant observation. There were changes in the preparation of consumed and served food products. These changes were accompanied by tensions, connected to the acculturation strategies and intercultural relations. Even with these changes, consuming Syrian food allowed our participant...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - October 31, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Anemia and Associated Factors among Pregnant Women Attending Prenatal Care in Rural Dembia District, North West Ethiopia: A cross-Sectional Study.
Conclusion: The present study suggests anemia among pregnant women attending prenatal in Dembia district was high. Working to enhance adherence to iron supplementation and partner involvement for joint decision-making is recommended to avert prenatal anemia. Health-care providers and programmers are advised to pay special attention to rural and fasting pregnant mothers. Abbreviations: AOR: Adjusted Odd Ratio; CMHS: College of medicine and health sciences; CI: Confidence Interval; HFIAS: Household Food Insecurity Access Scale; RCSI: Reduced Coping Strategies Index; Hgb: Hemoglobin; MCMC: Marco Chain Monte Carlo; EPV: Events...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - October 30, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Conditional Cash Transfers in the Amazon: From the Nutrition Transition to Complex Dietary Behavior Change.
Authors: De Lima ACB, Brondízio E, Nardoto GB, Do Nascimento ACS Abstract Nutrition transition theory describes a progressive substitution of local staples for industrialized processed foods in local diets, a process documented diversely across world regions, and increasingly observed in rural areas of the global south. Here we examine the role of conditional cash transfer programs, in particular the emblematic Brazilian Bolsa Família (BFP), in driving nutritional transition in rural areas of the Amazon. Based on ethnographic research with both participating and nonparticipating women in the Aman&atil...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - October 22, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Is Nutrition Knowledge Related to Diet Quality and Obesity?
Authors: Akkartal Ş, Gezer C Abstract The aim of this study is to assess the relationship between nutrition knowledge and diet quality. It was conducted with 382 individuals aged 18-64 living in Famagusta, Cyprus. Data was obtained through face-to-face interviews. Individuals with a high-quality diet had high nutrition knowledge (p
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - October 10, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Tranquility is a child with a full belly: Pathways linking food insecurity and maternal mental distress in Nicaragua.
Authors: Piperata BA, Salazar M, Schmeer KK, Herrera Rodríguez A Abstract A growing body of literature identifies food insecurity (FI) as a critical social determinant of mental health. Across settings, quantitative studies report positive correlations between FI and mental distress, especially among women. Less understood are the pathways by which FI undermines women's mental well-being. To address this gap, we conducted six focus group discussions with 45 Nicaraguan mothers. Thematic analysis identified three themes linking the management of FI and maternal mental well-being in this setting. The theme, la ...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - October 2, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Food Choice Trajectories, Transitions, and Indigenous Knowledge.
Authors: Khanna SK PMID: 31549536 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition)
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - September 25, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Best Practices Among Food-Based Community Organizations: A Qualitative Analysis.
Authors: Poulos NS, Golaszewski NM, Laska MN, Pasch KE Abstract Food-based community organizations (FBCO) have positive impacts on community health, yet little is known about best practices that facilitate organization sustainability. To identify strategies among FBCOs used to facilitate member engagement/retention, reach future members/participants, and support organizational growth, key informants from four FBCOs in Texas participated in in-depth interviews. Semi-structured interviews were informed by grounded theory, voice recorded, and transcribed. Results from eight interviews, representing four organizations,...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - September 25, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Appalachian Store Owners' and Managers' Perspectives on the Role of Their Store in the Community and in Providing Healthier Food to the Community.
Authors: Anderson Steeves ET, McElrone M, Grier-Welch A, Zimmer MC, Daves P Abstract Appalachian communities have lower access to healthier food sources like grocery stores. Through semi-structured interviews with owner/managers of convenience stores in Appalachian communities, this qualitative study explored perceived roles and business practices of small food retailers using a grounded theory approach. Five themes emerged including strong relationships between stores and customers, the role of the store in community, food and beverage stocking decisions, store owner/managers' perceived demand for healthier option...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - September 20, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Identification of Body Composition, Dietary Patterns and Its Associated Factors in Medical University Students in China.
This study aimed to measure the body composition, dietary patterns and its associated factors in medical students. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 695 students studying at Nanjing medical university, China. Data regarding dietary intake factors was collected by a validated food frequency questionnaire. Principle component analysis and multivariate linear regressions were used. Body composition including BMI and visceral fats index of the males were significantly higher (P
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - September 11, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

The Role of Social Issues on Food Procurement among Corner Store Owners and Shoppers.
CONCLUSIONS: Social issues such as housing quality, corner store owner sense of community, and acculturation should be addressed when considering food environment in limited resource communities. PMID: 31475574 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition)
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - September 4, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Halo It's Meat! the Effect of the Vegetarian Label on Calorie Perception and Food Choices.
Authors: Besson T, Bouxom H, Jaubert T Abstract In the last few years, vegetarian products have become a widespread dietary option in food industry to the point that large retail chains such as McDonald's has offered a vegetarian burger to their customers (e.g., the Grand Veggie). In the present research, two studied investigated the influence of a vegetarian label on calorie perception, frequency consumption and food choices. In the first study (N = 211) participants were randomly assigned to an experimental design 2 (burger type: Grand Veggie vs Big Mac). In the second study (N = 915), partici...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - August 28, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Household food security status and its associated factors in Baft-Kerman, IRAN: a cross-sectional study.
This study aimed to examine the food security status and its related sociodemographic factors among the households living in Baft city of Iran. A sample of 702 households was selected by a simple random sampling method from January to March 2017. Using U.S. Department of Agriculture Food Security questionnaire, 34.3% of households showed some degree of food insecurity. Lower household size (OR = 0.84, CI: 0.73-0.97, P = .02), higher welfare facilities (OR = 1.55, CI: 1.32-1.81, P
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - August 28, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Partnering with Panama: Exploring Anthropometrics, Dietary Patterns, and the Built Food Environment of School-aged Children.
Authors: Kakkad A, Chandler C, Coel M, Spann A, Struhar S, Wilkinson S, Crocker T Abstract Childhood obesity is a global public health concern in developed and developing countries. Approximately 3 in 10 Panamanian children suffer from obesity, and overweight/obesity is responsible for the highest number of premature or avoidable deaths in this country. A formative community assessment and exploration of the built food environment was conducted. Analysis suggests that almost one-third of the children measured were overweight or obese, and the availability of foods recommended for optimal health is limited in this c...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - August 22, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Food and Nutrition Security of Selected Farm Households of Sonipat and Karnal Districts in North India.
Authors: Punia A, Kaushik S Abstract Food is essential to be alive, no one can pretend when a natural disaster will sweep out all crop area, which perhaps by flood, drought and other irregularities in weather leads to loss of production, therefore, food is necessary to feed the population during these conditions. The present study was conducted in two districts of Rohtak division and data were collected in September, 2016-April, 2017. Two districts viz. Sonipat and Karnal were selected randomly and by selecting one block from each selected district and two villages from each of the selected blocks at random. From t...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - August 11, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

"It's Sort Of, Like, in My Family's Blood": Exploring Latino Pre-adolescent Children and Their Parents' Perceived Cultural Influences on Food Practices.
This study examined the perceived connections between culture and food practices among Latino pre-adolescents (n = 17) and their parents (n = 15) through semi-structured interviews. Results show that pre-adolescents have formed perceptions concerning the association between their eating behaviors and cultural background that coincide with their parent's notions. Participants associated culture to both healthy and unhealthy food practices. Latin American food environments were described as healthier than in the US. The interviews revealed conflict between traditional foods preferences and perceptions of ...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - August 11, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Dietary Diversity and Meal Frequency Practices among Children Aged 6-23 Months in Agro Pastoral Communities in Afar Region, Ethiopia: A Cross-sectional Study.
Authors: Wuneh AG, Ahmed W, Bezabih AM, Reddy PS Abstract Introduction: Inappropriate infant and young child feeding practices in the first two years of life are among the major causes of childhood malnutrition in developing countries, including Ethiopia. Dietary diversity refers to increasing the consumption of a variety of foods across and within the food groups. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the minimum dietary diversity and minimum meal frequency practices among children aged 6-23 months in Agro pastoral communities, Afar Region, Ethiopia. Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conduc...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - July 30, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Association between the Frequency of Dining Out and the Risk of Obesity, Diabetes Mellitus, and Dyslipidemia among Korean Adults.
This study aimed to clarify the association between the frequency of dining out and the risk of obesity, diabetes mellitus, and dyslipidemia among Korean adults. This cross-sectional study surveyed 640 participants aged 20-69 years in Korea. Daily intake of energy, fat, protein, and cholesterol significantly increased as the frequency of dining out increased (P
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - July 23, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Nutritional Knowledge, Parenting Styles and Feeding Practices of a South African Sample of Parents.
Authors: Brown M, Roman NV Abstract Parenting can be considered as being an all-encompassing network of development for children. Children learn about eating not only through their own experiences but also by watching others. Mothers and children show similar patterns of food acceptance and food preferences. Children's intake of fruit and vegetables was positively related to parents' intake of fruit and vegetables. The current study used self-reported data from parents/primary caregivers' children aged 3-18 covering sociodemographic characteristics, feeding style dimensions ('control overeating', 'emotional feeding...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - July 20, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Where the Rubber Meats the Road: Relationships between Vegetarianism and Socio-political Attitudes and Voting Behavior.
Authors: Nezlek JB, Forestell CA Abstract Previous research has found that omnivores are more hierarchical and more authoritarian than vegetarians. To examine if such differences extend to political behavior a sample of American undergraduates (N = 1211) described their diets, endorsement of social policies, political orientation, and voting behavior. Consistent with previous research, we found that compared to vegetarians and semi-vegetarians, omnivores favored conservative policies more strongly and liberal polices less strongly, identified more closely with the Republican party and less closely with th...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - July 16, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Growing Roots: A Newcomer Nutrition Program Designed Using Action Research Methods.
Authors: Henderson A, Slater J Abstract Many newcomers to Canada struggle with food insecurity and the health impacts of dietary acculturation. "Growing Roots" is a newcomer nutrition program designed through a community development approach to help immigrants and refugees adapt positively to the Canadian food environment. This qualitative action research project documented the development, implementation and impacts of the program in an inner city neighbourhood of Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. Data was collected through oral questionnaires and interviews. Impacts included: 1) Healthy adaptation to the Cana...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - July 10, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Stunting and Its Determinants among Adolescent Girls: Findings from the Nutrition Surveillance Project, Northwest Ethiopia.
Authors: Tariku A, Belew AK, Gonete KA, Hunegnaw MT, Muhammad EA, Demissie GD, Biks GA, Awoke T, Gelaye KA, Zeleke EG, Abebe Z, Gete AA, Yesuf ME, Abebe SM, Gete YK, Gelagay AA, Fekadu A, Muchie KF, Wassie MM Abstract Under nutrition among adolescents is a major public health problem in Ethiopia and its causes are under investigated. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the prevalence of stunting and its determinants among adolescent girls in Dabat district. A total of 1556 adolescent girls were included in the study. The WHO's Anthro-plus software was used to generate the height for age z-scores. Variables having a p-value
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - July 6, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Food Insecurity, ICT, and Food Culture Mismatch.
Authors: Khanna SK PMID: 31274336 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition)
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - July 6, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Global perspectives on ethnicity, health, and food security.
Authors: Khanna SK PMID: 31267786 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition)
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - July 5, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

School Teachers' Awareness about National Obesity Prevention Programs in Turkey.
Authors: Gezmen-Karadağ M, Yildiran H, Köksal E, Ertaş Öztürk Y Abstract Nutritional programs are one of the most important public health policies in order to prevent obesity. School teachers are role models for students and their nutrition knowledge about these policies can affect children's dietary habits. The aim of this observational descriptive study was to evaluate the school teachers' awareness about nutrition programs for the prevention of obesity of the Ministry of Education in Turkey. It was conducted to 87,070 classroom teachers working at state schools from all the cities of Turkey. Dat...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - May 29, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Dietary Transition, Food Security, and Health Promotion.
Authors: Khanna SK PMID: 31131658 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition)
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - May 29, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Prevalence and Risk Factors of Undernutrition among Children Less than 2 Years in Urban Slums of Pune, Maharashtra, India.
Authors: Jeyakumar A, Nikam S, Nayak S Abstract Undernutrition and its risk factors among children aged 0-23 months in urban slums of Pune was studied. Maternal and child characteristics, household food security and anthropometric measurements of 400 children were recorded. Results identified prevalence of stunting to be 34%, wasting 15.3% and underweight 21.8%. Odds of stunting was higher among children 7 to 12 months of age (AOR=7.064, 95% CI: 1.908-26.150). Odds of wasting was higher among children 7 to 12 months (AOR=3.144, 95% CI: 1.631-6.060), age
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - May 16, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Association of Overweight and Obesity with High Fast Food Consumption by Gulf Cooperation Council Medical Students.
Authors: Ahmed J, Alnasir F, Jaradat A, Al Marabheh AJ, Hamadeh RR Abstract Fast food and sugar-sweetened soft drink consumption, adiposity, and physical activity behavior were determined through a cross-sectional study with 251 medical students from the Gulf Cooperation Council countries. Approximately 38% of the students were overweight or obese, and 56.2% consumed fast food in the past 24 h. Main reasons for consuming fast foods were lack of time to cook healthy food (51%), pleasant taste (26%) and the influence of family and friends (15%). Overweight status or obesity was more prevalent among males (50%), those...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - May 9, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Perceptions and Practices of Infant Feeding among African American Women.
Authors: Deubel TF, Miller EM, Hernandez I, Boyer M, Louis-Jacques A Abstract A large urban hospital in Florida implemented changes to achieve the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) designation in 2015 resulting in an increase of exclusive breastfeeding rates at hospital discharge; however, African American women continue to have the lowest rates overall. Qualitative interviews were conducted with 20 African American women who received prenatal care at a low-income women's clinic and gave birth at an affiliated BFHI hospital. Using a medical anthropology analytical framework to examine predisposing, enabling,...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - May 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

"Men like to Eat More Rice and Beans and Things like That": The Influence of Childhood Experience and Life Course Events on Dietary Acculturation.
This study examined the influence of childhood experiences and life events on eating behaviors of Dominican born women in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, and New York City. Findings revealed that women developed traditional or non-traditional food choice trajectories. These food choice trajectories remained stable through transition points, such as immigration, marriage, and divorce. Women discussed changes in the amount of food that was eaten, which may explain weight gain after immigration. These findings highlight the limitations of acculturation theory in understanding the eating behaviors of immigrants and provide ...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - May 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Food Consumption and Accessibility in Hill Tribe and Urban Women, Chiang Rai Province, Northern Thailand.
Authors: Sang-Ngoen D, Hutchinson C, Satheannoppakao W, Tipayamongkholgul M Abstract This analytical cross-sectional study aimed to examine the associations between setting and food consumption and accessibility in two districts of Chiang Rai province, northern Thailand. 128 women (65 in hill tribe setting and 63 in urban setting) were surveyed using an interviewer-administered questionnaire. Traditional and mobile markets were well utilized in both settings, in spite of the growth of multinational retailers. Consumption of ready-to-eat food and home-grown/reared or wild foods was associated with socioeconomic stat...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - April 26, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

Traditional Knowledge of Edible Wild Plants Used by Indigenous Communities in Zongolica, Mexico.
Authors: Díaz-José J, Guevara-Hernández F, Morales-Ríos V, López-Ayala JL Abstract Edible wild plants (EWP) continue to be an important food source for indigenous communities. A survey was conducted to identify the consumption and management of EWP known as quelites in the Zongolica region of Mexico. 15 species of quelites are consumed mainly during the rainy season, whose local name is associated with the plant's shape, smell and flavor. Changes in food patterns and land use threaten the permanence and consumption of these species. Indigenous and local knowledge is crucial for th...
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - April 26, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research