Psychometric evaluation of the power of food scale in a diverse college sample: Measurement invariance across gender, ethnicity, and weight status.
Abstract The Power of Food Scale (PFS) is an instrument designed to examine individual differences in the drive to eat for pleasure (as opposed to in response to physiological hunger) and the effect of living in an obesogenic environment. Previous research supports the validity and reliability of the PFS, however, it had yet to be validated in an ethnically diverse college sample. The purpose of the current study was to test the factor structure and measurement invariance of the PFS across gender, ethnicity, and weight status. A sample of 432 college students completed the PFS (males=113, females = 319; non-Hispan...
Source: Eating Behaviors - November 19, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Serier KN, Belon KE, Smith JM, Smith JE Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Intolerance of uncertainty moderates the relationship between high personal standards but not evaluative concerns perfectionism and eating disorder symptoms cross-sectionally and prospectively.
Abstract Two dimensions of perfectionism related to eating disorder (ED) symptoms are evaluative concerns and high standards. Evaluative concerns are consistently linked with ED symptoms, whereas there are conflicting results regarding high standards and ED symptoms. High standards are unrelated to ED symptoms in some studies and are linked to higher ED symptoms in others. Intolerance of uncertainty (IU) may influence the relation between high standards and ED symptoms; individuals elevated in both IU and high standards may find it distressing to be uncertain about future situations for fear of not living up to hi...
Source: Eating Behaviors - November 19, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Brosof LC, Egbert AH, Reilly EE, Wonderlich JA, Karam A, Vanzhula I, Steward T, Levinson CA Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Emotional disorder symptoms, anhedonia, and negative urgency as predictors of hedonic hunger in adolescents.
This report examined baseline emotional disorder symptoms, negative urgency (i.e., tendency to act impulsively in response to negative affect), and anhedonia (i.e., loss of interest in activities and decreased pleasure) as prospective predictors of increases in hedonic hunger in adolescents; associations between changes in emotional disturbance problems and hedonic hunger were also examined. Ninth-grade students (N = 2598) from high schools completed paper-and-pencil surveys at baseline and a 1-year follow-up. In a multivariable model controlling for the covariance of emotional problems, higher negative urgency, genera...
Source: Eating Behaviors - November 7, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Mason TB, Dunton GF, Gearhardt AN, Leventhal AM Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

An identity mis-match? The impact of self-reported competition level on the association between athletic identity and disordered eating behaviors.
DISCUSSION: A mismatch between athletic identity and sport competition level was associated disordered eating behaviors. Individuals engaging in sport at a "non-competitive" level may be an under-identified and under-served population. A mis-match between athletic identity and sport competition level may be a risk factor for disordered eating. DATA AVAILABILITY STATEMENT: The data that support the findings of this study are available from the corresponding author upon reasonable request. PMID: 31715452 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating Behaviors)
Source: Eating Behaviors - November 6, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Palermo M, Rancourt D Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Obesity is associated with poor working memory in women, not men: Findings from a nationally representative dataset of U.S. adults.
Abstract A growing body of research has linked obesity to lower working memory performance. However, sex differences are often found in associations between obesity and cognition, and little work has examined potential sex differences in the association between obesity and working memory. To address this issue, the present research uses data from Wave IV of The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (N = 4,769, mean age = 29) to examine whether sex moderated the association between excess weight and working memory. As expected, we found that obesity was associated wit...
Source: Eating Behaviors - October 31, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Yang Y, Shields GS, Wu Q, Liu Y, Guo C Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Barriers to self-compassion in the eating disorders: The factor structure of the fear of self-compassion scale.
CONCLUSION: Future research is needed to determine the value of addressing barriers related to meeting standards versus emotional vulnerability in helping individuals with EDs develop self-compassion and recover from their illness. PMID: 31491665 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating Behaviors)
Source: Eating Behaviors - August 24, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Geller J, Iyar MM, Kelly AC, Srikameswaran S Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

A systematic review of the methodology used to study weight change among young adults attending college.
CONCLUSIONS: The body of literature examining weight change among college students suffers from limitations that may have contributed to overestimations in the percent of students who gain weight, and simultaneous underestimations of the magnitude of weight gain among those who gain weight. Weight gain may be limited to approximately 30% of students in a sample, and weight gain among this subset of students may be substantial (>4 kg). Going forward, use of both an evidence-supported weight gain definition and fasting measurement protocol will likely enhance accuracy in characterizing weight gain among college students...
Source: Eating Behaviors - August 23, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Fazzino TL, Serwatka C, Schneider H, Sullivan D Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Development and validation of the eating disorder fear questionnaire and interview: Preliminary investigation of eating disorder fears.
Abstract Anxiety is highly characteristic of eating disorders (ED). Despite high levels of anxiety, little is known about ED specific fears. The current study developed and tested the psychometric properties of two measures of ED fears in two samples (N = 513 undergraduates; N = 129 clinical EDs): a self-report measure (Eating Disorder Fear Questionnaire; EFQ) and interview (Eating Disorder Fear Interview; EFI). We found strong support for a five-factor EFQ consisting of subscales assessing fear of weight gain, social consequences, personal consequences, physical sensations, and social eating. We found str...
Source: Eating Behaviors - August 15, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Levinson CA, Vanzhula IA, Christian C Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

The reinforcing value of food and non-food alternative: Associations with BMI z-score and percent fat mass.
This study investigated the association between the RRVF (measured as the food reinforcing ratio (FRR)) and body mass index (BMI) z-score and percent fat mass (%FM), in 3 year-old children. The sample was comprised of 33 children who were 3 years of age (36-47 months). Children selected their favourite food reinforcer (cookie) and non-food (audiobook) reinforcer to be used in the FRR task, which was delivered using a sequential progressive fixed ratio reward schedule. Child height, weight and percent body fat using bioelectrical impedance analysis were assessed by trained research staff. Linear regression analyses sh...
Source: Eating Behaviors - August 2, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Wong S, Kong KL, Buchholz AC, Haines J Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Emotion regulation strategy use and eating disorder symptoms in daily life.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that certain eating disorder symptoms are associated with difficulties in regulating emotions at the trait-level and in daily life. PMID: 31357115 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating Behaviors)
Source: Eating Behaviors - July 22, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Mikhail ME, Kring AM Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Validation of the translated Negative Physical Self Scale in a female North American sample: Preliminary examination.
Abstract In an increasingly multicultural society, there is a need for cross-cultural research on measures of body dissatisfaction, a construct often influenced by sociocultural differences. The current study assessed the psychometric properties of an English translation of the Negative Physical Self Scale (NPSS; Chen, Jackson, & Huang, 2006). A sample of 646 young adult North American women completed an online survey including the NPSS and two widely used measures of body image and eating concerns. Exploratory factor analysis revealed a four-factor structure of the NPSS, three of which (Thinness, Shortness, a...
Source: Eating Behaviors - July 19, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Ly M, Misener K, Libben M Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

The effect of the spatial positioning of a healthy food cue on food choice from a pictorial-style menu.
Abstract The present study aimed to investigate the effect of the spatial positioning of a healthy food cue in the context of unhealthy food cues on subsequent food choice. Undergraduate women (N = 143) were asked to choose a food from a pictorial-style menu that presented a salad and three unhealthier food options in a horizontal line. The position of the salad was manipulated to be presented either (a) in the middle, (b) at the end, or (c) separated by 5 cm to the right of the line of unhealthier food options. Participants also completed a questionnaire measure of dietary restraint. Participants were signi...
Source: Eating Behaviors - July 16, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Keegan E, Kemps E, Prichard I, Polivy J, Herman CP, Tiggemann M Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Intuitive eating and gestational weight gain.
Abstract This observational study was designed to establish whether there is a relationship between intuitive eating and gestational weight gain. Intuitive eating involves eating according to hunger and satiety cues, rather than following diet rules or eating in response to external triggers or emotions. Higher levels of intuitive eating are associated with bodyweight in the normal range in women during young and middle adulthood. Excess gestational weight gain is associated with an increased incidence of adverse health outcomes for mothers and children, including many pregnancy related conditions and, following p...
Source: Eating Behaviors - July 9, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Paterson H, Treharne GJ, Horwath C, Haszard JJ, Herbison P, Hay-Smith EJC Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Lack of conflict during food choice is associated with the failure of restrained eating.
Abstract Restrained eaters tend to sustain a restriction in caloric intake to lose or maintain body weight; however, only a few restrained eaters can achieve the goal of restricting their caloric intake to lose or maintain body weight. Those who are effective restrained eaters habitually adhere to their intentions to avoid eating certain palatable foods, whereas those who are ineffective restrained eaters are generally unable to translate their intentions into behavior. To restrain eating regardless of temptation, an individual must first identify potential conflicts between achieving restrained eating and temptat...
Source: Eating Behaviors - July 6, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Zhang X, Luo Y, Liu Y, Yang C, Chen H Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

The relationships between perfectionism, anxiety and depression across time in paediatric eating disorders.
CONCLUSIONS: Despite perfectionism being significantly associated with anxiety and depression, further research is required to explore the relationships between perfectionism, anxiety and depression over time. PMID: 31226667 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating Behaviors)
Source: Eating Behaviors - June 13, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Morgan-Lowes KL, Clarke PJF, Hoiles KJ, Shu CY, Watson HJ, Dunlop PD, Egan SJ Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Promoting positive body image and intuitive eating in women with overweight and obesity via an online intervention: Results from a pilot feasibility study.
CONCLUSION: everyBody fit seems a feasible program for improving body image and reducing disordered eating in overweight and obese women, with medium to large effects on various outcomes. The efficacy of the intervention needs to be established in a randomized controlled trial. PMID: 31220739 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating Behaviors)
Source: Eating Behaviors - June 11, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Beintner I, Emmerich OLM, Vollert B, Taylor CB, Jacobi C Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Family mealtime negativity and adolescent binge-eating: A replication and extension study in a community sample.
DISCUSSION: Adolescents who binge-eat experience significantly greater negative emotional responses to family mealtimes than their peers. Further research should explore why these experiences are more negative, including broader familial factors and interactions. PMID: 31226668 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating Behaviors)
Source: Eating Behaviors - June 8, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: White HJ, Haycraft E, Meyer C Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Obsessions are strongly related to eating disorder symptoms in anorexia nervosa and atypical anorexia nervosa.
Abstract Anorexia nervosa (AN) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) are highly comorbid. However, little research has examined which specific cognitive-behavioral aspects (e.g., checking, obsessing) of OCD are most relevant in those with AN. Furthermore, there is no research examining aspects of OCD in Atypical AN. The current two studies (N = 139 and N = 115 individuals diagnosed with AN/Atypical AN) examined a) which aspects of OCD were most related to AN symptomatology and b) if there were differences in OCD between individuals diagnosed with AN vs Atypical AN. We found that obsessing was most relate...
Source: Eating Behaviors - May 31, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Levinson CA, Brosof LC, Ram SS, Pruitt A, Russell S, Lenze EJ Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Intuitive eating is associated with weight and glucose control during pregnancy and in the early postpartum period in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM): A clinical cohort study.
CONCLUSIONS: Increase adherence to IE could represent a novel approach to weight and glucose control during and after pregnancy in women with GDM. PMID: 31154153 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating Behaviors)
Source: Eating Behaviors - May 25, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Quansah DY, Gross J, Gilbert L, Helbling C, Horsch A, Puder JJ Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Donuts on our daughters: Gender differences in food categories on children's apparel.
CONCLUSIONS: Food-graphics on children's apparel are fairly common, especially on apparel marketed for girls. Children's apparel may represent a novel cultural influence on children's eating and food perceptions. PMID: 31154152 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating Behaviors)
Source: Eating Behaviors - May 21, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Pesch MH, Munzer T, Pont CM, Lauer CS, Appugliese DP Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Lack of prospective relationships of the Power of Food Scale with Body Mass Index and dieting over 2  years in U.S. emerging adults.
CONCLUSIONS: Greater PFS is associated with dieting cross-sectionally but was not a reliable indicator of susceptibility to future weight outcomes or dieting in young adults. PMID: 31153024 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating Behaviors)
Source: Eating Behaviors - May 17, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Lipsky LM, Nansel TR, Haynie DL, Liu D, Eisenberg Colman MH, Simons-Morton B Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Disordered eating behaviors and attitudes and their correlates among a community sample of older women.
This study provided a descriptive report of disordered eating behaviors and attitudes among older women and evaluated correlates (maladaptive perfectionism, appearance-related criticism). Participants were 97 women, ages 65-90, who completed questionnaires. Per the Eating Attitudes Test - 26, approximately 6% of participants met clinical cut-offs for a likely eating disorder. Maladaptive perfectionism was significantly correlated with an array of disordered eating attitudes as well as bulimic symptoms, but appearance-related criticism from significant others was not significantly correlated with disordered eating behaviors...
Source: Eating Behaviors - May 11, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Thompson KA, Bardone-Cone AM Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Risk of disordered eating at the intersection of gender and racial/ethnic identity among U.S. high school students.
CONCLUSIONS: Findings illustrate the advantages of adopting an intersectional approach to disordered eating research. Future research should investigate the mechanisms of these disparities. PMID: 31153023 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating Behaviors)
Source: Eating Behaviors - May 9, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Beccia AL, Baek J, Jesdale WM, Austin SB, Forrester S, Curtin C, Lapane KL Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Emotion dysregulation and body mass index: The explanatory role of emotional eating among adult smokers.
Abstract There is limited understanding of the relationship between emotion dysregulation and weight gain among smokers, although available data suggest there are potential relationships that may be of clinical importance. The present study explored a potential mechanism in the relationship between emotion dysregulation and body mass index (BMI). Specifically, the current study examined the indirect effects of emotional eating on the association between emotion dysregulation and BMI among smokers. Participants included 136 (52.2% female; Mage = 42.25, SD = 11.24) adults who were treatment-seeking smokers. ...
Source: Eating Behaviors - May 4, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Jones J, Kauffman BY, Rosenfield D, Smits JAJ, Zvolensky MJ Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

The relationship between intuitive eating and body image is moderated by measured body mass index.
Abstract Intuitive eating (IE) is a pattern of adaptive eating that has been associated with positive psychosocial and physical factors (e.g., positive body image, lower body mass index; BMI). However, BMI has also been negatively associated with body image. Our goal was to evaluate whether IE is uniquely associated with body image, independent of objective weight status (measured BMI). Further, as a secondary aim, this study analyzed potential moderators (BMI, sex, race-ethnicity) in the IE-body image relationship. Data from 136 adults (34 ± 15 years old, 74% female, 56% Caucasian) were analyzed. BMI...
Source: Eating Behaviors - April 23, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Keirns NG, Hawkins MAW Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

A longitudinal investigation of perceived weight status as a mediator of sexual orientation disparities in maladaptive eating behaviors.
This study examined longitudinal associations between adolescent sexual minority status and three maladaptive eating behaviors (restrictive dieting, diet pill use, and drug-related dieting) in young adulthood and tested higher perceived weight status as a mediator of observed disparities. Data were drawn from Waves 2 (11th grade in 2010/2011) to 7 (4 years post high school in 2015/2016) of the NEXT Generation Health Study, a U.S. national longitudinal cohort of adolescents (n = 1925). Logistic regression analyses revealed that, relative to heterosexual females, sexual minority females were more likely to report any r...
Source: Eating Behaviors - April 18, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Luk JW, Miller JM, Lipsky LM, Gilman SE, Haynie DL, Simons-Morton BG Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Translating, modifying, and validating the Adult Picky Eating Questionnaire for use in China.
CONCLUSION: Findings suggested that the Chinese version of the APEQ demonstrated sound psychometric properties. Thus, the C-APEQ can be a useful tool in future studies to accurately assess picky eating among adult population and explore the relationships between picky eating and other physical and psychological outcomes in a Chinese context. PMID: 31005684 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating Behaviors)
Source: Eating Behaviors - April 13, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: He J, Ellis JM, Zickgraf HF, Fan X Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Sex differences in eating related behaviors and psychopathology among adolescent military dependents at risk for adult obesity and eating disorders.
Abstract Stressors unique to military families may place dependents of military service members of both sexes at high-risk for disordered-eating. Yet, there are no data examining sex-related differences in eating pathology and distress among this population. Therefore, we examined disordered-eating attitudes and associated psychosocial characteristics in adolescent military dependents at high-risk for both eating disorders and adult obesity (i.e., BMI ≥ 85th percentile and elevated anxiety symptoms and/or loss-of-control eating). One-hundred-twenty-five (55.2% female) adolescent (12-17 y) military depende...
Source: Eating Behaviors - April 11, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Quattlebaum M, Burke NL, Higgins Neyland MK, Leu W, Schvey NA, Pine A, Morettini A, LeMay-Russell S, Wilfley DE, Stephens M, Sbrocco T, Yanovski JA, Jorgensen S, Olsen C, Klein D, Quinlan J, Tanofsky-Kraff M Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Parent perceptions of restrictive feeding on the relationship between youth BMI z-score and weight control behavior use in African American youth: A mediational study.
CONCLUSION: Results from the current study suggest parent restrictive feeding in African American populations may encourage health promoting youth weight management behaviors. Additional research is warranted to investigate how cultural factors may impact the relationships between parent restrictive feeding practices and youth weight control behaviors as there may be important clinical implications when working with diverse populations. PMID: 30991154 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating Behaviors)
Source: Eating Behaviors - March 29, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Stromberg SE, Wheeler PB, Chardon ML, Janicke DM Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Taste manipulation during a food cue-reactivity task: Effects on cue-elicited food craving and subsequent food intake among individuals with overweight and obesity.
Abstract Food cue-reactivity tasks are used to induce and evaluate food cravings. Extant research has implicated the role of tasting foods in heightening cue-elicited food craving. The present study was the first to evaluate a taste manipulation during a food cue-reactivity task to optimize cue-elicited craving and predict food intake. Participants with overweight/obesity (N = 35; M age = 33.46 years [SD = 13.27]; M BMI = 32.91 kg/m2 [SD = 5.34]) engaged in one laboratory session and were randomized to a 'No Taste' or 'Taste' condition. All participants reported baseline food craving and ob...
Source: Eating Behaviors - March 29, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Germeroth LJ, Wallace ML, Levine MD Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Online interpersonal sexual objectification experiences and Chinese adolescent girls' intuitive eating: The role of broad conceptualization of beauty and body appreciation.
This study examined the association between online interpersonal sexual objectification (OISO) experiences and intuitive eating, as well as the mediating role of broad conceptualization of beauty and body appreciation. Participants were 1152 Chinese adolescent girls aged 11 to 15 years who completed a questionnaire survey measuring OISO experiences, broad conceptualization of beauty, body appreciation, and intuitive eating. The results showed a negative association of OISO experiences with broad conceptualization of beauty and intuitive eating. Mediation analysis using structural equation modeling showed a negative assoc...
Source: Eating Behaviors - March 24, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Luo YJ, Niu GF, Kong FC, Chen H Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Negative affect, dietary restriction, and food choice in bulimia nervosa.
DISCUSSION: Induction of negative affect was successful, yet was not related to an increase in proportion of high-fat food choices in the group of individuals with BN. The Food Choice Task captured dietary restriction in individuals with BN and results highlight the utility of this task as a probe to examine how the values of healthiness and tastiness impact food choice in individuals with BN. PMID: 30903862 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating Behaviors)
Source: Eating Behaviors - March 14, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Gianini L, Foerde K, Walsh BT, Riegel M, Broft A, Steinglass JE Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Weight-related shame and guilt, intuitive eating, and binge eating in female college students.
This study examined the relationships among weight-related shame and guilt and binge eating symptomatology in a sample of 196 undergraduate women. Further, we assessed the role of intuitive eating as a moderator of these relationships. Female college students completed an online questionnaire assessing demographics, weight-related shame and guilt, intuitive eating, and binge eating. After accounting for covariates, including body mass index, multiple regression analyses revealed that weight-related shame and guilt were related to increased binge eating symptomatology. Further, intuitive eating attenuated the relationship b...
Source: Eating Behaviors - March 13, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Craven MP, Fekete EM Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Association between emotional eating, energy-dense foods and overeating in Latinos.
CONCLUSION: In this Latino sample, EE was positively associated with overeating and intake of energy-dense foods partially mediated this association. Examination of longitudinal associations between EE, energy-dense foods, overeating and obesity is warranted. Understanding these associations may provide information to develop effective interventions to prevent and manage obesity among Latinos. PMID: 30889426 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating Behaviors)
Source: Eating Behaviors - March 7, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Lopez-Cepero A, Frisard CF, Lemon SC, Rosal MC Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Self-efficacy and cooking confidence are associated with fruit and vegetable intake in a cross-sectional study with rural women.
Abstract BACKGROUND: In comparison to their urban and suburban counterparts, midlife and older rural women are less likely to consume adequate fruit and vegetables (F&V). The present study aimed to examine the relationships between psychological, social, and environmental factors and F&V intake among midlife and older rural women in the United States. METHODS: This cross-sectional study utilized data from 513 midlife and older rural women (mean age = 67.0, mean BMI = 26.8) living in 22 states. Linear regression models were used to examine the associations between women's daily F&V intake a...
Source: Eating Behaviors - March 1, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Lo BK, Loui C, Folta SC, Flickinger A, Connor LM, Liu E, Megiel S, Seguin RA Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Factor analysis of the eating disorder diagnostic scale in individuals with bipolar disorder.
CONCLUSIONS: The 3-factor solution of the EDDS in a bipolar disorder sample is consistent with major eating disorder symptom domains. Future research is necessary to replicate these findings in eating disorder samples with diverse comorbid psychopathology. PMID: 30852343 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating Behaviors)
Source: Eating Behaviors - February 18, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Crow S, Blom TJ, Sim L, Cuellar-Barboza AB, Biernacka JM, Frye MA, McElroy SL Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Intuitive eating mediates the relationship between self-regulation and BMI - Results from a cross-sectional study in a community sample.
Abstract Self-regulation is a dispositional skill of regulating attention and emotion to attain a certain goal. Poor self-regulation is associated with a higher body mass index (BMI) and is a risk factor for the development of obesity. Intuitive eating, an adaptive eating style characterized by eating in response to internal cues of hunger and satiety, is associated with a lower BMI. Using cross-sectional data, this study examined whether intuitive eating mediates the relationship between self-regulation and BMI in a community sample of adults. Participants (N = 530) completed the Self-Regulation Scale, the In...
Source: Eating Behaviors - February 18, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Ruzanska UA, Warschburger P Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

My fitness pal usage in men: Associations with eating disorder symptoms and psychosocial impairment.
Abstract My Fitness Pal (MFP) is a calorie-tracking smartphone application that is gaining popularity worldwide. Although MFP has the potential to be a cheap and efficient weight-loss tool, concerns that MFP could trigger, maintain, or exacerbate eating disorder symptoms have been raised. Preliminary research has documented associations between MFP use and eating disorder symptoms in women with eating disorders and in undergraduate students. However, whether these associations exist additionally in a male-only sample has not been tested. Thus, we aimed to estimate MFP usage and examine its association with eating ...
Source: Eating Behaviors - February 10, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Linardon J, Messer M Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Movie violence acutely affects food choices in young adults.
CONCLUSION: Movie violence affects eating behavior and may promote weight gain. PMID: 30771596 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating Behaviors)
Source: Eating Behaviors - February 10, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Mattar L, Farran N, Abi Kharma J, Zeeni N Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Implicit evaluation of chocolate and motivational need states interact in predicting chocolate intake in everyday life.
Abstract Snack food consumption has a high relevance for health and is partially controlled by implicit, motivational processes that make self-control difficult at certain times. Specifically, research suggests that individuals with a more positive implicit food evaluation consume more snack foods in the laboratory under conditions of high motivational needs (e.g., hunger and food craving). Yet, no study investigated if and under which circumstances implicit evaluation of food predicts snack food intake in real life. In the present study, 60 female undergraduate students (mean age: 22.3 ± 2.34 years) ...
Source: Eating Behaviors - January 26, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Richard A, Meule A, Blechert J Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

A review of food craving measures.
CONCLUSIONS: It is recommended that researchers adequately assess the contextual factors that may trigger craving and the multi-sensory nature of craving for food. It would be beneficial for researchers to evaluate the psychometrics of food craving measures in more diverse samples (in terms of sex, race, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, weight status, and eating disorder psychopathology). More longitudinal studies should be conducted to provide information on the predictive validity of food craving measures regarding response to eating disorder treatment. Furthermore, it is suggested that researchers assess which tactics p...
Source: Eating Behaviors - January 19, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Taylor M Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Unpacking cognitive emotion regulation in eating disorder psychopathology: The differential relationships between rumination, thought suppression, and eating disorder symptoms among men and women.
Abstract While previous literature suggests that emotion dysregulation is a salient factor contributing to the onset and maintenance of eating disorders (EDs), less is known about how maladaptive, cognitively oriented regulation strategies such as rumination and thought suppression may be uniquely related to ED symptoms in men and women. The present study sought to examine the independent associations of ruminative brooding and thought suppression with ED symptoms, after controlling for negative affect intensity, and assess whether these associations differ by gender. Participants were 263 undergraduates who compl...
Source: Eating Behaviors - January 15, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Smith KE, Mason TB, Anderson NL, Lavender JM Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Binge eating-related concerns and depressive symptoms in young adulthood: Seven-year longitudinal associations and differences by race/ethnicity.
This study used longitudinal data from Waves III (baseline; mean age = 21.77 years) and IV (follow-up; mean age = 28.76 years) of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (N = 12,040). Linear regression models were run to examine associations between binge eating-related concerns at baseline and depressive symptoms at follow-up, adjusting for demographic covariates, baseline body mass index, and baseline depressive symptoms. RESULTS: At baseline, 5.9% of participants reported embarrassment over amount eaten, 2.1% reported fear of losing control over eating, and 0.9% reported both b...
Source: Eating Behaviors - January 15, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Hazzard VM, Hahn SL, Bauer KW, Sonneville KR Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Patient expectations, eating disorder severity and personality features: Impact on eating pathology in psychological therapy for eating disorders.
This study explored the impact of eating disorder severity, personality features and patient expectations regarding treatment suitability and success, on eating pathology at treatment end. Participants were 128 adults with diagnosed eating disorders who completed a course of evidence-based psychological therapy in a community eating disorders service in the UK. Patients completed measures of eating disorder psychopathology and personality features at treatment commencement, and a measure of patient expectations regarding change after session six. They repeated the measure of eating disorder psychopathology at treatment end...
Source: Eating Behaviors - January 11, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Turner H, Bryant-Waugh R, Marshall E, Wood F Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Parental intuitive eating behaviors and their association with infant feeding styles among low-income families.
This study examined how parental intuitive eating, where parents follow their own hunger and satiety cues, relates to infant feeding styles in a low-income, predominately Black population. METHODS: Parents of healthy infants aged 5.5-12.5 months were recruited during well-child visits at two urban primary care clinics. Parent's intuitive eating behaviors and infant feeding styles were measured using the Intuitive Eating Scale-2 (IES-2) and the Infant Feeding Style Questionnaire (IFSQ), respectively. Multivariable regression analysis, controlling for maternal and child demographic variables, was conducted to determin...
Source: Eating Behaviors - January 11, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Khalsa AS, Woo JG, Kharofa RY, Geraghty SR, DeWitt TG, Copeland KA Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Longitudinal associations between emotion regulation skills, negative affect, and eating disorder symptoms in a clinical sample of individuals with binge eating.
DISCUSSION: Data suggest that momentary interventions targeting negative affect and emotion regulation skills may decrease eating disorder cognitions, but not binge eating frequency, among adults with binge eating. PMID: 30654193 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating Behaviors)
Source: Eating Behaviors - December 28, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Bodell LP, Pearson CM, Smith KE, Cao L, Crosby RD, Peterson CB, Crow SJ, Berg KC Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

An examination of emotion-related facets of impulsivity in binge eating disorder.
DISCUSSION: The present findings suggest that those with BED exhibit greater NU than those without BED and that this may play role in BED symptomatology. Furthermore, the association between various impulsivity factors and ED psychopathology suggests that additional research is needed to understand these relationships in BED. PMID: 30654194 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating Behaviors)
Source: Eating Behaviors - December 28, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Kenny TE, Singleton C, Carter JC Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Low body esteem and dietary restraint among 7-year old children: The role of perfectionism, low self-esteem, and belief in the rewards of thinness and muscularity.
Abstract Body image concerns and dietary restraint have been shown to emerge among young children (aged 5 to 8 years). However, to date, little is known regarding the way in which individual characteristics and endorsement of sociocultural appearance ideals are associated with these concerns and behaviors in this age group. The aim of the current study was to examine perceived rewards of thinness and muscularity as a mediator of the relationships between personality traits (perfectionism and self-esteem), and body esteem and dietary restraint among 7-year-old children. Participants were 261 children, Mage (SD)...
Source: Eating Behaviors - December 20, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Rodgers RF, Nichols TE, Damiano SR, Wertheim EH, Paxton SJ Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Momentary predictors of binge eating: An attachment perspective.
DISCUSSION: Depressed mood often triggers binge eating. Additionally, attachment anxiety seems to predict binge eating through emotion dysregulation. Interventions for binge eating should address both attachment anxiety and emotion dysregulation in order to maximize therapeutic benefit. PMID: 30594107 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating Behaviors)
Source: Eating Behaviors - December 19, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Keating L, Mills JS, Rawana JS Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

An examination of direct, indirect and reciprocal relationships between perfectionism, eating disorder symptoms, anxiety, and depression in children and adolescents with eating disorders.
DISCUSSION: The results highlight the importance of further research to determine whether targeting perfectionism is helpful in the treatment of eating disorders and comorbid anxiety and depression in young people. It would be useful for clinicians to consider assessing for and treating perfectionism directly when it is elevated in children and adolescents with eating disorders. PMID: 30594108 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating Behaviors)
Source: Eating Behaviors - December 19, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Drieberg H, McEvoy PM, Hoiles KJ, Shu CY, Egan SJ Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research