Attitudes toward sweetened soft drinks and consumption patterns among Saudi women: A cross-sectional study.
This study assessed the pattern of sweetened SDC and its associated behavioral and theoretical factors, with focus on attitude and expectations related to SDC among Saudi women. Participants (n = 773) answered an online questionnaire on SDC patterns (frequency of consumption and quantity) and attitudes influencing those patterns. Association of attitudes with frequency of sweetened SDC was assessed using Spearman's test that revealed a positive and significant association between frequency and quantity of SDC (Spearman's rho = 0.34, df = 771, p 
Source: Eating Behaviors - July 23, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Benajiba N, Bernstein J, Aboul-Enein BH Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Body image and disordered eating in older women: A Tripartite Sociocultural model.
Abstract Evidence suggests that body image concerns and disordered eating exist in women even at older ages. Few studies have examined the factors that are related with body image and eating concerns in this age group. In particular, the roles of sociocultural influences and thin-ideal internalization remain unclear. In the present study, we tested a modified tripartite sociocultural model of body image and disordered eating behaviors in a sample of 222 women aged 60 to 75 years, using structural equation modeling. After adjustment, a model similar to that observed in young women was a good fit to the data. P...
Source: Eating Behaviors - July 12, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Carrard I, Rothen S, Rodgers RF Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Emotion dysregulation as a correlate of food and alcohol disturbance in undergraduate students.
Abstract Disordered eating behaviors (e.g., binge eating, food restriction, self-induced vomiting, and laxative use) as well as alcohol use and related issues are prevalent in undergraduate students and are often comorbid with one another. Recently, the unique combination of these behaviors, termed food and alcohol disturbance (FAD), has received empirical attention. FAD involves compensatory behaviors performed in preparation for, or in response to, alcohol use in order to counteract calories consumed from alcohol and/or to increase intoxication. Research on FAD is sparse; in particular, there is a lack of consen...
Source: Eating Behaviors - June 20, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Horvath SA, Shorey RC, Racine SE Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Interpersonal psychotherapy for the prevention of binge-eating disorder and adult obesity in an African American adolescent military dependent boy.
DISCUSSION: Although the mechanism of change may manifest differently than for girls, adapted IPT may be an effective intervention strategy for adolescent boys with LOC-eating and obesity who endorse elevated mood symptoms. PMID: 32585564 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating Behaviors)
Source: Eating Behaviors - June 18, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Burke NL, Higgins Neyland MK, Young JF, Wilfley DE, Tanofsky-Kraff M Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Classification of Orthorexia Nervosa: Further evidence for placement within the eating disorders spectrum.
CONCLUSION: Our results support ON being classified on the ED spectrum; however, whether ON represents a precursor to an ED, an ED with added health concerns, or a disorder that evolves from an ED is not certain. Future longitudinal research is necessary to test these alternate possibilities. PMID: 32540715 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating Behaviors)
Source: Eating Behaviors - June 6, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Bartel SJ, Sherry SB, Farthing GR, Stewart SH Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Factor structure of the Eating Disorder Examination - Questionnaire among heterosexual and sexual minority males.
This study aimed to determine the most appropriate factor structure of the EDE-Q by evaluating proposed factor structures in a large, non-clinical sample consisting of heterosexual and SM men. Additionally, this study examined differences in the factor structures and severities of ED pathology between SM and heterosexual males. Confirmatory Factor Analyses examining existing factor structures of the EDE-Q indicated that the brief three-factor model was the best fitting model for both heterosexual and SM males. Subsequent comparisons of factor scores between groups indicated that SM males in our sample experienced higher le...
Source: Eating Behaviors - May 29, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Scharmer C, Donahue JM, Heiss S, Anderson DA Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Negative childhood experiences and disordered eating in adolescents in a weight management program: The role of depressive symptoms.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: Stress negatively impacts adolescent weight status and eating behaviors. Previous research investigating this association has focused on traumatic events in childhood, but little is known about the impact of commonly experienced stressful life events and weight-related outcome. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to examine the association between negative life events and weight-related outcomes (i.e., weight status, disordered eating behaviors, insulin sensitivity) in a sample of treatment-seeking adolescents with overweight and obesity. A further aim of the study was to examine the pote...
Source: Eating Behaviors - May 22, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Darling KE, Ranzenhofer LM, Hadley W, Villalta D, Kasper V, Jelalian E Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Binge eating, but not dietary restraint, moderates the association between unhealthy food marketing exposure and sugary food consumption.
Abstract Restrained eaters, those who exercise dietary restraint and often experience dietary lapses, may be particularly susceptible to food marketing. Findings are mixed as to whether restrained eaters consume more food after exposure to unhealthy food marketing, and little is known about whether food marketing may have more impact on those who exercise successful dietary restraint as compared with those who experience dietary lapses, such as binge eating. In the current study, participants were 38 young women, ages 18-22 years old. Both dietary restraint and binge eating were measured by the Eating Disorde...
Source: Eating Behaviors - May 20, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Egbert AH, Nicholson L, Sroka A, Silton R, Bohnert AM Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Examining the contribution of weight-bias internalization to the associations between weight suppression and disordered eating in undergraduates.
Abstract Weight suppression (WS) is consistently, positively associated with eating disorder (ED) symptoms, but variables that contribute to these associations remain understudied. The current study examined weight-bias internalization as a potential contributor to the link between weight suppression (WS) and disordered eating in an undergraduate sample. Men (n = 285) and women (n = 610) completed assessments of weight history, weight-bias internalization, and ED symptoms. Absolute (difference in highest and current BMI) and relative WS (%BMI change) were calculated. Hierarchical linear and cou...
Source: Eating Behaviors - May 5, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Burnette CB, Mazzeo SE Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

A preliminary systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized-controlled trials of cognitive remediation therapy for anorexia nervosa.
Abstract Cognitive remediation therapy (CRT) for anorexia nervosa (AN) was developed as an adjuvant treatment to target set-shifting and central coherence inefficiencies important in AN and to ultimately improve clinical outcomes of those with AN. The primary aim of this preliminary systematic review and meta-analysis was to determine the effect of CRT for AN relative to control treatments in randomized-controlled trials (RCTs) on neuropsychological inefficiencies at end-of-treatment. Secondary aims were to assess the effect of CRT for AN on dropout, eating-disorder-related, and other psychological outcomes at end...
Source: Eating Behaviors - May 3, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Hagan KE, Christensen KA, Forbush KT Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Brief report: Differences in nonsuicidal self-injury according to binge eating and purging status in an adolescent sample seeking eating disorder treatment.
Abstract Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is elevated in adults with eating disorders (EDs), with a particularly increased incidence among individuals who engage in binge eating and/or purging (B/P) behaviors. Despite substantially elevated prevalence of NSSI in adolescence in general, NSSI in child and adolescent ED samples is understudied. There is some evidence for elevated prevalence of NSSI between B/P and restriction-only groups; however, this finding is not consistently reported and research in this area has excluded certain diagnostic groups (e.g., other specified feeding or eating disorder). Our aim was to ...
Source: Eating Behaviors - April 18, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Dzombak JWP, Haynos AF, Rienecke RD, Van Huysse JL Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Perceived discrimination, emotion dysregulation and loss of control eating in young men.
This study examined the link between perceived discrimination and loss of control (LOC) eating in 798 African American, Asian/Asian American, and Hispanic/Latino men (18-30y; M = 24.0 ± 3.6). Emotion dysregulation was examined as a moderator. Participants completed an online survey assessing perceived discrimination; emotion dysregulation; and LOC eating frequency in the last 28 days. Negative binomial regression models were conducted within each racial/ethnic group, as each group completed different measures of perceived discrimination. In Hispanic/Latino men, perceived ethnic discrimination was positivel...
Source: Eating Behaviors - April 18, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Kelly NR, Cotter EW, Guidinger C, Williamson G Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Cognitive Restructuring vs. Defusion: Impact on craving, healthy and unhealthy food intake.
This study compared the effects of two cognitive techniques (Restructuring vs. Defusion) for dealing with food cravings in terms of their impact on healthy vs. unhealthy eating behavior (i.e., consumption of chocolate and/or carrots following the intervention). Sixty-five participants (Mage = 19.65 years) received either a 30-minute face-to-face instruction on cognitive restructuring (CR) or cognitive defusion (CD) along with 15 min of practice, or 45 min of obesity education and discussion (control). To examine craving and eating choices following the intervention, participants received bags of ch...
Source: Eating Behaviors - April 13, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Karekla M, Georgiou N, Panayiotou G, Sandoz EK, Kurz AS, Constantinou M Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Negative beliefs about the self prospectively predict eating disorder severity among undergraduate women.
Abstract Social anxiety disorder (SAD) and eating disorders (EDs) are highly comorbid. Negative self-portrayal, or 'perceived flaws in the self,' is a key feature of SAD and consists of three self-critical aspects that are presumed to be flawed: social competence, physical appearance, and signs of anxiety. Negative self-portrayal has yet to be studied among EDs, despite research suggesting that individuals with EDs have a greater negative self-image and self-criticism. The identification of negative self-portrayal as a shared risk factor for SAD and EDs may have important implications for both prevention and treat...
Source: Eating Behaviors - April 13, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Williams BM, Levinson CA Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Impulsivity and anxiety-related dimensions in adults with bulimic-spectrum disorders differentially relate to eating disordered behaviors.
Abstract While facets of both anxiety and impulsivity appear central to the development and maintenance of bulimia nervosa (BN), specific BN behaviors may be propagated by differing profiles of risk. The current study examined associations between dimensions of anxiety and impulsivity and BN symptoms (binge eating, vomiting, laxative misuse, driven exercise), both in terms of the presence of such behaviors and their frequency. Two hundred and four women (Mage = 25.7 years) who met DSM-IV criteria for full or subthreshold BN completed self-report measures of perfectionism (Frost Multidimensional Perf...
Source: Eating Behaviors - March 28, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Schaumberg K, Wonderlich S, Crosby R, Peterson C, Le Grange D, Mitchell JE, Crow S, Joiner T, Bardone-Cone AM Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Relationship between trait suggestibility and eating-related behaviors in overweight and obesity.
This study explored relationships between suggestibility, body mass index (BMI), and self-reported eating-related behaviors that vary among those with obesity. A sample of ethnically diverse adults (N = 73) with a BMI ≥25 completed the Short Suggestibility Scale (SSS), Palatable Eating Motives Scale (PEMS), Binge Eating Scale (BES), Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire-Restraint (DEBQ-R), and Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS). Impulsiveness was controlled in analyses due to its strong association with suggestibility. Analyses revealed that BMI was not related to SSS scores, consistent with studies using hypnoti...
Source: Eating Behaviors - March 2, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Ray MK, Zachmann AE, Caudill CV, Boggiano MM Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Examining associations between emotion-based rash action and dysregulated eating symptoms in men and women.
This study aimed to replicate and extend upon prior work. We examined the extent to which NU and/or PU are uniquely associated with dysregulated eating, using a latent factor comprised of dimensional symptoms, and directly tested whether effects differ by sex. Two independent cross-sectional samples of women and men were used (Sample 1: Midwestern university, 437 females, 348 males; Sample 2: Southwestern university, 301 females, 236 males). NU and PU were assessed with the UPPS-P Impulsive Behavior Scale, and dysregulated eating symptoms (i.e., binge eating, loss of control eating, eating concerns) were assessed with well...
Source: Eating Behaviors - February 28, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Shope MM, Prows SD, Racine SE, Culbert KM Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Prevalence of eating disorder is lower in migrants than in the Australian-born population.
CONCLUSIONS: First-generation migrants to Australia may be at lower risk of eating disorders compared to their Australia-born peers, suggesting support for a 'healthy immigrant effect'. PMID: 32087555 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating Behaviors)
Source: Eating Behaviors - February 14, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Cheah SL, Jackson E, Touyz S, Hay P Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Emotion differentiation and disordered eating behaviors: The role of appearance schemas.
This study sought to expand existing research by examining: 1) the relationships between emotion differentiation and self-reported eating disorder symptomatology, and 2) strength of implicit appearance schemas as a moderator of these relationships. Participants were 118 female undergraduate students who completed a self-report disordered eating symptomatology questionnaire and a word stem completion task (measuring implicit appearance schemas) at baseline. Participants then reported their daily disordered eating behaviors and emotions through ecological momentary assessment for seven days. Emotion differentiation indices w...
Source: Eating Behaviors - February 13, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Williams-Kerver GA, Crowther JH Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Dieting for weight-control among older adults: The role of perceived health and perceived overweight status.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Despite the ever-growing literature on weight-control diets, data about dieting among older adults are scarce. PURPOSE: To describe the prevalence of weight-control dieting across age groups and weight statuses (from healthy-weight to overweight and obese). To identify cross-sectional associations of perceived health and perceived overweight status with dieting among older adults. METHODS: Secondary analyses of the second and third waves of the Midlife in the US study (MIDUS). Sample included 2588 participants (40-93 years old, 54.5% females, age = 64.4 ±&n...
Source: Eating Behaviors - February 6, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Elran-Barak R, Segel-Karpas D Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Eating behavior and weight gain during pregnancy.
Abstract OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the relationship between eating behavior and weight gain during pregnancy. PURPOSE: Our objective was to assess the relationship among self-reported cognitive restraint, disinhibition, and hunger, and excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) as defined by the Institute of Medicine's (IOM) 2009 guidelines. Based on previous research examining eating behaviors and weight gain in non-pregnant women, we hypothesized that excessive GWG would be related to higher cognitive restraint, higher disinhibition, and higher perception of hunger. METHODS: 190 pregnant women fro...
Source: Eating Behaviors - January 21, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tang X, Andres A, West DS, Lou X, Krukowski RA Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Associations between weight loss difficulty, disordered eating behaviors and poor weight loss outcomes in Arab female university students.
This study aimed to explore the relationship between eating behaviors, weight loss outcomes, and perceived weight loss difficulties (PWLD) among young Arab women trying to lose weight. A cross-sectional probability sample was used to recruit female university students aged 18 years and older in the state of Qatar. Participants (N = 937) completed an online survey measuring their attitudes and behaviors towards healthy eating, body image, and weight loss. More than two third (67.2%) reported facing difficulties when trying to lose weight and around one-third (31.2%) screened positive for disordered eating. Ch...
Source: Eating Behaviors - January 20, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Nasrallah C, Kimmel L, Khaled SM Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Obesity risk in Hispanic children: Bidirectional associations between child eating behavior and child weight status over time.
Abstract Individual differences in eating behaviors have been associated with obesity among young children. Food responsiveness tends to be positively associated with childhood obesity, satiety responsiveness tends to show a negative association, and the results for emotional overeating are mixed. Previous studies in this area, however, have generally employed cross-sectional designs. The purpose of the present study was to examine, in a sample of Hispanic children from families with low-income levels, the degree to which individual differences in child eating behaviors in the preschool years predicted changes in ...
Source: Eating Behaviors - January 15, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Power TG, Hidalgo-Mendez J, Fisher JO, O'Connor TM, Micheli N, Hughes SO Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Sensitivity to punishment and eating pathology among undergraduate women: The mediating role of shame.
Abstract Punishment sensitivity can contribute to eating pathology, but the mechanisms of this relationship are understudied. In a longitudinal study of undergraduate females (N = 95), results supported an indirect association between sensitivity to punishment and eating pathology via shame. Findings suggest that sensitivity to punishment was associated with greater shame, which in turn predicted greater eating pathology over time. Further, there was an indirect effect of sensitivity to punishment on eating pathology via greater levels of behavioral shame. Future studies may wish to examine the potential...
Source: Eating Behaviors - January 3, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Brockdorf AN, Tomaso CC, Keel PK Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

The influence of social media on child feeding practices and beliefs among Hispanic mothers: A mixed methods study.
CONCLUSIONS: Hispanic mothers had high rates of social media use and most desired social media/internet/text messaging interventions to promote child health. PMID: 31923649 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating Behaviors)
Source: Eating Behaviors - December 24, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Griauzde DH, Kieffer EC, Domoff SE, Hess K, Feinstein S, Frank A, Pike D, Pesch MH Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

A self-help carer intervention as an adjunct to adult outpatient eating disorder treatment.
PMID: 31923650 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating Behaviors)
Source: Eating Behaviors - December 24, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Keshen A, Helson T, Ali S, Dixon L, Ivanova I, Masson PC, Treasure J, Warren K, Scattolon Y, Aubie C, Town J Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Personality as predictor of outcome in internet-based treatment of bulimic eating disorders.
g C Abstract Internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (ICBT) for bulimic eating disorders has demonstrated clinical utility and cost efficiency, but is associated with low patient preference, low credibility, sizeable dropout and only moderate symptom reduction. To improve outcome it is imperative to learn more about who might benefit from internet-based interventions. To do this, the current study investigated the Five Factor Model of personality as predictor of outcome in patients with full or sub-threshold bulimia nervosa (n = 109). Patients in a randomized controlled trial of ICBT were assessed pr...
Source: Eating Behaviors - December 21, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Levallius J, Clinton D, Högdahl L, Norring C Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Compulsive exercise and weight suppression: Associations with eating pathology in distance runners.
Abstract Some athletes, particularly those who participate in activities that emphasize leanness such as competitive running, are at greater risk for eating disorder (ED) pathology. Compulsive exercise (CE) is linked with ED pathology among female athletes, with evidence that CE for weight control is most strongly correlated with ED thoughts and behaviors. Weight suppression (WS), the discrepancy between highest adult weight and current weight, is also linked with ED symptoms. Taken together, runners with greater WS may be more likely to engage in CE to influence their weight or shape and may subsequently report o...
Source: Eating Behaviors - December 19, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Gorrell S, Scharmer C, Kinasz K, Anderson D Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Psychometric evaluation of the power of food scale in a diverse college sample: Measurement invariance across gender, ethnicity, and weight status.
Abstract The Power of Food Scale (PFS) is an instrument designed to examine individual differences in the drive to eat for pleasure (as opposed to in response to physiological hunger) and the effect of living in an obesogenic environment. Previous research supports the validity and reliability of the PFS, however, it had yet to be validated in an ethnically diverse college sample. The purpose of the current study was to test the factor structure and measurement invariance of the PFS across gender, ethnicity, and weight status. A sample of 432 college students completed the PFS (males=113, females = 319; non-Hispan...
Source: Eating Behaviors - November 19, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Serier KN, Belon KE, Smith JM, Smith JE Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Intolerance of uncertainty moderates the relationship between high personal standards but not evaluative concerns perfectionism and eating disorder symptoms cross-sectionally and prospectively.
Abstract Two dimensions of perfectionism related to eating disorder (ED) symptoms are evaluative concerns and high standards. Evaluative concerns are consistently linked with ED symptoms, whereas there are conflicting results regarding high standards and ED symptoms. High standards are unrelated to ED symptoms in some studies and are linked to higher ED symptoms in others. Intolerance of uncertainty (IU) may influence the relation between high standards and ED symptoms; individuals elevated in both IU and high standards may find it distressing to be uncertain about future situations for fear of not living up to hi...
Source: Eating Behaviors - November 19, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Brosof LC, Egbert AH, Reilly EE, Wonderlich JA, Karam A, Vanzhula I, Steward T, Levinson CA Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Emotional disorder symptoms, anhedonia, and negative urgency as predictors of hedonic hunger in adolescents.
This report examined baseline emotional disorder symptoms, negative urgency (i.e., tendency to act impulsively in response to negative affect), and anhedonia (i.e., loss of interest in activities and decreased pleasure) as prospective predictors of increases in hedonic hunger in adolescents; associations between changes in emotional disturbance problems and hedonic hunger were also examined. Ninth-grade students (N = 2598) from high schools completed paper-and-pencil surveys at baseline and a 1-year follow-up. In a multivariable model controlling for the covariance of emotional problems, higher negative urgency, genera...
Source: Eating Behaviors - November 7, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Mason TB, Dunton GF, Gearhardt AN, Leventhal AM Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

An identity mis-match? The impact of self-reported competition level on the association between athletic identity and disordered eating behaviors.
DISCUSSION: A mismatch between athletic identity and sport competition level was associated disordered eating behaviors. Individuals engaging in sport at a "non-competitive" level may be an under-identified and under-served population. A mis-match between athletic identity and sport competition level may be a risk factor for disordered eating. DATA AVAILABILITY STATEMENT: The data that support the findings of this study are available from the corresponding author upon reasonable request. PMID: 31715452 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating Behaviors)
Source: Eating Behaviors - November 6, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Palermo M, Rancourt D Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Obesity is associated with poor working memory in women, not men: Findings from a nationally representative dataset of U.S. adults.
Abstract A growing body of research has linked obesity to lower working memory performance. However, sex differences are often found in associations between obesity and cognition, and little work has examined potential sex differences in the association between obesity and working memory. To address this issue, the present research uses data from Wave IV of The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (N = 4,769, mean age = 29) to examine whether sex moderated the association between excess weight and working memory. As expected, we found that obesity was associated wit...
Source: Eating Behaviors - October 31, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Yang Y, Shields GS, Wu Q, Liu Y, Guo C Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Barriers to self-compassion in the eating disorders: The factor structure of the fear of self-compassion scale.
CONCLUSION: Future research is needed to determine the value of addressing barriers related to meeting standards versus emotional vulnerability in helping individuals with EDs develop self-compassion and recover from their illness. PMID: 31491665 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating Behaviors)
Source: Eating Behaviors - August 24, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Geller J, Iyar MM, Kelly AC, Srikameswaran S Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

A systematic review of the methodology used to study weight change among young adults attending college.
CONCLUSIONS: The body of literature examining weight change among college students suffers from limitations that may have contributed to overestimations in the percent of students who gain weight, and simultaneous underestimations of the magnitude of weight gain among those who gain weight. Weight gain may be limited to approximately 30% of students in a sample, and weight gain among this subset of students may be substantial (>4 kg). Going forward, use of both an evidence-supported weight gain definition and fasting measurement protocol will likely enhance accuracy in characterizing weight gain among college students...
Source: Eating Behaviors - August 23, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Fazzino TL, Serwatka C, Schneider H, Sullivan D Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Development and validation of the eating disorder fear questionnaire and interview: Preliminary investigation of eating disorder fears.
Abstract Anxiety is highly characteristic of eating disorders (ED). Despite high levels of anxiety, little is known about ED specific fears. The current study developed and tested the psychometric properties of two measures of ED fears in two samples (N = 513 undergraduates; N = 129 clinical EDs): a self-report measure (Eating Disorder Fear Questionnaire; EFQ) and interview (Eating Disorder Fear Interview; EFI). We found strong support for a five-factor EFQ consisting of subscales assessing fear of weight gain, social consequences, personal consequences, physical sensations, and social eating. We found str...
Source: Eating Behaviors - August 15, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Levinson CA, Vanzhula IA, Christian C Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

The reinforcing value of food and non-food alternative: Associations with BMI z-score and percent fat mass.
This study investigated the association between the RRVF (measured as the food reinforcing ratio (FRR)) and body mass index (BMI) z-score and percent fat mass (%FM), in 3 year-old children. The sample was comprised of 33 children who were 3 years of age (36-47 months). Children selected their favourite food reinforcer (cookie) and non-food (audiobook) reinforcer to be used in the FRR task, which was delivered using a sequential progressive fixed ratio reward schedule. Child height, weight and percent body fat using bioelectrical impedance analysis were assessed by trained research staff. Linear regression analyses sh...
Source: Eating Behaviors - August 2, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Wong S, Kong KL, Buchholz AC, Haines J Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Emotion regulation strategy use and eating disorder symptoms in daily life.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that certain eating disorder symptoms are associated with difficulties in regulating emotions at the trait-level and in daily life. PMID: 31357115 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating Behaviors)
Source: Eating Behaviors - July 22, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Mikhail ME, Kring AM Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Validation of the translated Negative Physical Self Scale in a female North American sample: Preliminary examination.
Abstract In an increasingly multicultural society, there is a need for cross-cultural research on measures of body dissatisfaction, a construct often influenced by sociocultural differences. The current study assessed the psychometric properties of an English translation of the Negative Physical Self Scale (NPSS; Chen, Jackson, & Huang, 2006). A sample of 646 young adult North American women completed an online survey including the NPSS and two widely used measures of body image and eating concerns. Exploratory factor analysis revealed a four-factor structure of the NPSS, three of which (Thinness, Shortness, a...
Source: Eating Behaviors - July 19, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Ly M, Misener K, Libben M Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

The effect of the spatial positioning of a healthy food cue on food choice from a pictorial-style menu.
Abstract The present study aimed to investigate the effect of the spatial positioning of a healthy food cue in the context of unhealthy food cues on subsequent food choice. Undergraduate women (N = 143) were asked to choose a food from a pictorial-style menu that presented a salad and three unhealthier food options in a horizontal line. The position of the salad was manipulated to be presented either (a) in the middle, (b) at the end, or (c) separated by 5 cm to the right of the line of unhealthier food options. Participants also completed a questionnaire measure of dietary restraint. Participants were signi...
Source: Eating Behaviors - July 16, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Keegan E, Kemps E, Prichard I, Polivy J, Herman CP, Tiggemann M Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Intuitive eating and gestational weight gain.
Abstract This observational study was designed to establish whether there is a relationship between intuitive eating and gestational weight gain. Intuitive eating involves eating according to hunger and satiety cues, rather than following diet rules or eating in response to external triggers or emotions. Higher levels of intuitive eating are associated with bodyweight in the normal range in women during young and middle adulthood. Excess gestational weight gain is associated with an increased incidence of adverse health outcomes for mothers and children, including many pregnancy related conditions and, following p...
Source: Eating Behaviors - July 9, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Paterson H, Treharne GJ, Horwath C, Haszard JJ, Herbison P, Hay-Smith EJC Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Lack of conflict during food choice is associated with the failure of restrained eating.
Abstract Restrained eaters tend to sustain a restriction in caloric intake to lose or maintain body weight; however, only a few restrained eaters can achieve the goal of restricting their caloric intake to lose or maintain body weight. Those who are effective restrained eaters habitually adhere to their intentions to avoid eating certain palatable foods, whereas those who are ineffective restrained eaters are generally unable to translate their intentions into behavior. To restrain eating regardless of temptation, an individual must first identify potential conflicts between achieving restrained eating and temptat...
Source: Eating Behaviors - July 6, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Zhang X, Luo Y, Liu Y, Yang C, Chen H Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

The relationships between perfectionism, anxiety and depression across time in paediatric eating disorders.
CONCLUSIONS: Despite perfectionism being significantly associated with anxiety and depression, further research is required to explore the relationships between perfectionism, anxiety and depression over time. PMID: 31226667 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating Behaviors)
Source: Eating Behaviors - June 13, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Morgan-Lowes KL, Clarke PJF, Hoiles KJ, Shu CY, Watson HJ, Dunlop PD, Egan SJ Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Promoting positive body image and intuitive eating in women with overweight and obesity via an online intervention: Results from a pilot feasibility study.
CONCLUSION: everyBody fit seems a feasible program for improving body image and reducing disordered eating in overweight and obese women, with medium to large effects on various outcomes. The efficacy of the intervention needs to be established in a randomized controlled trial. PMID: 31220739 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating Behaviors)
Source: Eating Behaviors - June 11, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Beintner I, Emmerich OLM, Vollert B, Taylor CB, Jacobi C Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Family mealtime negativity and adolescent binge-eating: A replication and extension study in a community sample.
DISCUSSION: Adolescents who binge-eat experience significantly greater negative emotional responses to family mealtimes than their peers. Further research should explore why these experiences are more negative, including broader familial factors and interactions. PMID: 31226668 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating Behaviors)
Source: Eating Behaviors - June 8, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: White HJ, Haycraft E, Meyer C Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Obsessions are strongly related to eating disorder symptoms in anorexia nervosa and atypical anorexia nervosa.
Abstract Anorexia nervosa (AN) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) are highly comorbid. However, little research has examined which specific cognitive-behavioral aspects (e.g., checking, obsessing) of OCD are most relevant in those with AN. Furthermore, there is no research examining aspects of OCD in Atypical AN. The current two studies (N = 139 and N = 115 individuals diagnosed with AN/Atypical AN) examined a) which aspects of OCD were most related to AN symptomatology and b) if there were differences in OCD between individuals diagnosed with AN vs Atypical AN. We found that obsessing was most relate...
Source: Eating Behaviors - May 31, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Levinson CA, Brosof LC, Ram SS, Pruitt A, Russell S, Lenze EJ Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Intuitive eating is associated with weight and glucose control during pregnancy and in the early postpartum period in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM): A clinical cohort study.
CONCLUSIONS: Increase adherence to IE could represent a novel approach to weight and glucose control during and after pregnancy in women with GDM. PMID: 31154153 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating Behaviors)
Source: Eating Behaviors - May 25, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Quansah DY, Gross J, Gilbert L, Helbling C, Horsch A, Puder JJ Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Donuts on our daughters: Gender differences in food categories on children's apparel.
CONCLUSIONS: Food-graphics on children's apparel are fairly common, especially on apparel marketed for girls. Children's apparel may represent a novel cultural influence on children's eating and food perceptions. PMID: 31154152 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating Behaviors)
Source: Eating Behaviors - May 21, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Pesch MH, Munzer T, Pont CM, Lauer CS, Appugliese DP Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Lack of prospective relationships of the Power of Food Scale with Body Mass Index and dieting over 2  years in U.S. emerging adults.
CONCLUSIONS: Greater PFS is associated with dieting cross-sectionally but was not a reliable indicator of susceptibility to future weight outcomes or dieting in young adults. PMID: 31153024 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating Behaviors)
Source: Eating Behaviors - May 17, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Lipsky LM, Nansel TR, Haynie DL, Liu D, Eisenberg Colman MH, Simons-Morton B Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research

Disordered eating behaviors and attitudes and their correlates among a community sample of older women.
This study provided a descriptive report of disordered eating behaviors and attitudes among older women and evaluated correlates (maladaptive perfectionism, appearance-related criticism). Participants were 97 women, ages 65-90, who completed questionnaires. Per the Eating Attitudes Test - 26, approximately 6% of participants met clinical cut-offs for a likely eating disorder. Maladaptive perfectionism was significantly correlated with an array of disordered eating attitudes as well as bulimic symptoms, but appearance-related criticism from significant others was not significantly correlated with disordered eating behaviors...
Source: Eating Behaviors - May 11, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Thompson KA, Bardone-Cone AM Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research