Fully legal or only medical and religious purposes? Public support for cannabis policies in the Eastern Caribbean
This study is unique in its cross-country analysis in the Caribbean and providing valuable insight into the levels public support for cannabis legalisation. Its findings can help shape targeted public education in these countries. (Source: Drugs and Alcohol Today)
Source: Drugs and Alcohol Today - November 29, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Alana Griffith Mahalia Jackman Peter Wickham Source Type: research

The misuse of drugs act – a user perspective
The misuse of drugs act – a user perspective Mat Southwell Drugs and Alcohol Today, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- This paper aims to demonstrate the ways in which the Misuse of Drugs Act (MDA) militates against the interests and situations of people who use drugs. The author reflects on the author’s journey as a drug user, drugs workers and drug user organiser to critique the MDA. The author describes the impact of the MDA on the author’s early experimentation with substances and highlights the limitations of simplistic drugs prevention. The author describes how the MDA m...
Source: Drugs and Alcohol Today - November 23, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Mat Southwell Source Type: research

More harm than good? Cannabis, harm and the misuse of drugs act
Gary R. Potter, Hattie Wells Drugs and Alcohol Today, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- This paper aims to consider the nature of cannabis-related harms under the UK’s Misuse of Drugs Act (MDA). Written for the specific context of this four-paper special section on 50 years of the MDA, it argues that the MDA may cause more harm than it prevents. An opinion piece offering a structured overview of cannabis-related harms under prohibition. It summarises existing evidence of the ways in which prohibition may exacerbate existing – and create new – harms related to the p...
Source: Drugs and Alcohol Today - November 23, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Gary R. Potter Hattie Wells Source Type: research

Risk perception, health stressors and reduction in sharing cannabis products during the COVID-19 outbreak: a cross-sectional study
This study aimed to understand the extent to which cannabis-related risk perception and COVID-19-related health worries were associated with the reported reduction in sharing cannabis smoking products to mitigate the risk of the coronavirus transmission or infection. This association was tested in two different periods in terms of toughness of national lockdown policy imposed in the first months of the pandemic in Israel. The study population included adult recreational cannabis users who completed one of the two online cross-sectional surveys dedicated to COVID-19 and the cannabis use situation in Israel in the first h...
Source: Drugs and Alcohol Today - October 21, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Dennis Rosenberg Sharon Sznitman Source Type: research

From law to regulation: re-appraising the misuse of Drugs Act 1971
Toby Seddon Drugs and Alcohol Today, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- The purpose of this paper is to re-appraise the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971 in order to develop alternative and new ideas for drug law reform. The approach is to analyse the Act from historical and socio-legal perspectives, drawing on the inter-disciplinary field of regulation studies. The Act has its roots in radical counter-cultural reform activism in the 1960s. Its innovative legal structure has enabled a diverse range of policy approaches to be possible over the last 50 years. Future drug law reform efforts n...
Source: Drugs and Alcohol Today - October 15, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Toby Seddon Source Type: research

Fifty years of the UK Misuse of Drugs Act 1971: the legislative contexts
Blaine Stothard Drugs and Alcohol Today, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- The purpose of this paper is to illustrate the history of relevant legislation before and after the 1971 Misuse of Drugs Act (MDA). A chronological narrative of laws and reports with concluding discussion. That UK legislators have not made use of the evidence base available to them and have favoured enforcement rather than treatment approaches. That current UK practice has exacerbated not contain the use of and harms caused by illegal drugs. The paper does not cover all relevant documents, especially those fro...
Source: Drugs and Alcohol Today - October 12, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Blaine Stothard Source Type: research

Benefits and barriers associated with take-home-naloxone in the view of Italian service providers
Sara Rolando, Franca Beccaria, Susanna Ronconi Drugs and Alcohol Today, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- Spanning almost 30 years, Italy’s experience with take-home-naloxone (THN) provides an interesting case study on the international scene because of its specific history, regulation and trends in overdose (OD) rates. Accordingly, this study aims to contribute to the evidence base for THN and its delivery in a different setting. The study focuses on service providers’ perceptions of the benefits, risks and barriers associated with THN provision. Data was collected usin...
Source: Drugs and Alcohol Today - October 5, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Sara Rolando Franca Beccaria Susanna Ronconi Source Type: research

“We don’t have any answers within the current framework”: tensions within cannabis policy change in Ireland
This study aims to explore policymaker’s attitudes towards the decriminalisation and legal regulation of cannabis for recreational use in the midst of an unfolding policy process, examining the degree which a “policy window” might be open for the implementation of cannabis policy change. Semi-structured interviews were held with eight key informants within the policy field in Dublin, Ireland. Kingdon’s (2014) Multiple Streams framework was used to consider whether the problems, policy and political streams were aligning to support progressive policy change. Irish policymakers indicated ...
Source: Drugs and Alcohol Today - September 30, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Chris Ó. Rálaigh Sarah Morton Source Type: research

Guest editorial
Mélina Germes, Bernd Werse, Marie Jauffret-Roustide Drugs and Alcohol Today, Vol. 21, No. 3, pp.173-177 (Source: Drugs and Alcohol Today)
Source: Drugs and Alcohol Today - September 6, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: M élina Germes Bernd Werse Marie Jauffret-Roustide Source Type: research

Mapping “drug places” from below. The lived cities of marginalized drug users
Mapping “drug places” from below. The lived cities of marginalized drug users Mélina Germes, Luise Klaus, Svea Steckhan Drugs and Alcohol Today, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- On top of their legal, economic, social and institutional marginalization, marginalized drug users (MDUs) also experience political marginalization: drug policies shape their lives without their political participation. From a scientific as well as a political perspective, the inclusion of their various viewpoints and situated knowledge is a major challenge, and one to which this paper aims to contr...
Source: Drugs and Alcohol Today - August 26, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: M élina Germes Luise Klaus Svea Steckhan Source Type: research

Marginalised identities between fatalism and desperation – experiences of low-level cannabis street dealers in Frankfurt
Marginalised identities between fatalism and desperation – experiences of low-level cannabis street dealers in Frankfurt Bernd Werse Drugs and Alcohol Today, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- This paper aims to research people who sell cannabis in public spaces known as “drug places” in Frankfurt, Germany. A particular focus is set to the relations of identity formation, relations to other dealers and law enforcement, taking into account the concept of “street capital” as social and cultural capital accumulated in the practice of drug dealing in public. Nine bi...
Source: Drugs and Alcohol Today - August 13, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Bernd Werse Source Type: research

Sociological and spatial dynamics of an evolving Parisian open drug scene: the case of the “Colline du Crack”
Sociological and spatial dynamics of an evolving Parisian open drug scene: the case of the “Colline du Crack” Candy Jangal, Mathieu Lovera, Sayon Dambélé, Marie Jauffret-Roustide Drugs and Alcohol Today, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- In November 2019, an open drug scene, commonly called “Colline du crack” and located in Paris was forcibly closed after 10 years of existence. This paper aims to understand how that space has evolved over the years to become a major hub for drug use. The authors used a qualitative approach that included interview...
Source: Drugs and Alcohol Today - August 1, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Candy Jangal Mathieu Lovera Sayon Damb élé Marie Jauffret-Roustide Source Type: research

Tolerance zones: a pragmatic approach to respond to problems related to open alcohol and drug scenes in Bremen/Germany
This study aims to describe and analyse an approach in the city of Bremen (Germany) to establish streetwork-supported tolerance zones for local open drug and alcohol scenes to reduce related disorder and nuisance in public spaces. The qualitative methodology included systematic participant observations at public sites of drug and alcohol use, and problem-centred interviews with different groups of respondents (residents, passers-by, trades people, drug users, experts from addiction help and police). In residential districts, tolerance zones were well accepted by their target group and found to reduce perceived disord...
Source: Drugs and Alcohol Today - July 26, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Susanna Prepeliczay Henning Schmidt-Semisch Source Type: research

Love & hate in the Downtown Eastside of Vancouver: features of an unusual drug scene
Love & hate in the Downtown Eastside of Vancouver: features of an unusual drug scene Anke Stallwitz Drugs and Alcohol Today, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- According to conventional research and political conceptions, illicit drug scenes are often characterised by cultures of crime, violence and deceit and customarily met by repressive law enforcement. However, a growing body of research demonstrates the very diverse nature of drug subcultures. This paper aims to explore this diversity and thereby investigates the psychosocial and socio-spatial features people selling and/or using drugs...
Source: Drugs and Alcohol Today - July 26, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Anke Stallwitz Source Type: research

Investigating the experiences of individuals in recovery from problem substance use and their perceptions of the COVID-19 pandemic
Emma Smith, Melody Carter, Elaine Walklet, Paul Hazell Drugs and Alcohol Today, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- This paper aims to explore how enforced forms of social isolation arising from the first COVID-19 lockdown influenced experiences of problem substance use, relapse and coping strategies for recovery in individuals engaging with harm reduction recovery services. A qualitative semi-structured interview design was adopted for this research. Seven participants were recruited from a harm reduction recovery organisation. During their initial interview, participants volunteered inform...
Source: Drugs and Alcohol Today - June 22, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Emma Smith Melody Carter Elaine Walklet Paul Hazell Source Type: research

Drug places and spaces of problematisation: the melancholy case of a Hungarian needle exchange programme
Endre Dányi, Róbert Csák Drugs and Alcohol Today, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- This paper aims to explore multiple problematisation processes through a former needle exchange programme run by Kék Pont (a non-governmental organisation) in the 8th district of Budapest. By presenting a collage of ethnographic stories, this paper attempts to preserve tacit knowledge associated with the programme and thereby keep its office alive as a “drug place”, the operation of which was made impossible in 2014. Drawing on the insights of Foucauldian governmental...
Source: Drugs and Alcohol Today - June 19, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Endre D ányi R óbert Csák Source Type: research

How do former smokers perceive information about nicotine products? Evidence from Sweden
This study therefore aimed at investigating the trustworthiness and consistency of risk information, as well as respondent perceptions of the adequacy of amount received among a representative sample of former smokers, and how this information is related to gender, age, education level and whether using nicotine or not. The respondents are part of a seven-year follow-up of former smokers in Sweden. Initially, 1400 respondents were contacted, whereof 705 (response rate 50%) answered a Web-survey. The majority (85 %) was still nicotine-free but some made use of nicotine in different forms. The data analysis includes descr...
Source: Drugs and Alcohol Today - June 8, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Tove Sohlberg Patrik Karlsson Source Type: research

Producing gender-blind drug knowledge and representations in prison spaces
Niki Jana White Drugs and Alcohol Today, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- This paper aims to examine knowledge production and problem representation with regard to new psychoactive substances (NPS) in Her Majesty’s Chief Inspector of Prisons (HMCIP) annual reports. Seven annual reports published by HMCIP for England and Wales between 2014 and 2020 have been systematically reviewed drawing on thematic analysis. This paper demonstrates how framing in HMCIP annual reports produced a characterisation of NPS in prisons that inadvertently obstructed gender-sensitive knowledge productio...
Source: Drugs and Alcohol Today - June 1, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Niki Jana White Source Type: research

Guest editorial
Karenza Moore, Angus Bancroft Drugs and Alcohol Today, Vol. 21, No. 2, pp.97-101 (Source: Drugs and Alcohol Today)
Source: Drugs and Alcohol Today - May 14, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Karenza Moore Angus Bancroft Source Type: research

Increased propensity for violence among female jail detainees with PTSD, panic disorder and alcohol use disorder
This study aims to examine the associations between these disorders among females charged with violent offenses. The sample consists of 167 female detainees from local rural jails in the USA. To assess participants’ behavioral health, the Comprehensive Addictions and Psychological Evaluation – 5 (CAAPE-5) was administered. The associations between PTSD, PD, AUD and violent offenses were investigated using bivariate statistics and multivariate logistic regression. Over half of the female detainees in the sample met criteria individually for PTSD, PD or AUD, substantiating previous work on prevalence rate. ...
Source: Drugs and Alcohol Today - May 6, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Stephanie L. Taylor Alexa J. Barrett Albert M. Kopak Norman G. Hoffmann Source Type: research

Chemsex, identity processes and coping among gay and bisexual men
Rusi Jaspal Drugs and Alcohol Today, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- Chemsex constitutes a significant public health concern among gay and bisexual men (GBM). Using the identity process theory, this study focuses on GBM’s motivations for engaging in chemsex and the functions that the practice performs for constructing a positive sense of self and for coping with psychological stress. Sixteen GBM were interviewed, and the qualitative data were analyzed using thematic analysis. Individuals reported facing various stressors, such as homonegativity, rejection and HIV stigma, which w...
Source: Drugs and Alcohol Today - April 8, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Rusi Jaspal Source Type: research

When policy fails try something different integrated practice improve outcomes for dual diagnosis co-occurring service users accessing mental health services
Lois Dugmore, Saskia Bauweraerts Drugs and Alcohol Today, Vol. 21, No. 2, pp.157-170 This paper aims to discuss an initiative developed between, Leicestershire Partnership National Health Service Trust and Turning Point, which is the locally commissioned drug and alcohol service in Leicester, Leicestershire and Rutland. The aim was to improve outcomes for clients with dual diagnosis (co-occurring mental health and substance misuse) issues. The purpose of the change in working practice was to engage with local substance misuse agencies more effectively to improve clinical outcomes within this service user...
Source: Drugs and Alcohol Today - February 22, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Lois Dugmore Saskia Bauweraerts Source Type: research

Concentration of tetrahidrocannabinol in joints
This study aims to assess the potency and dose of Δ-9-Tetrahidrocannabinol (THC) and Cannabidiol (CBD) in cannabis joints. This will enable better estimates of the degree of exposure in a user and contribute towards a better understanding of potential harmful effects. Analysis of intact joints confiscated by law enforcement on the street in the autonomous region of Castilla y León (Spain) during the years 2017–2019. This study analysed THC, CBN and CBD in marijuana joints (N = 744). Joints contain cannabis and tobacco (N = 729), had a median net weight 0.69 g (IQR...
Source: Drugs and Alcohol Today - February 11, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Eduardo Tejedor Tejada Domiciana De la Fuente Marcos Maria Jesus Cuesta Lozano Juana Bened í González Jes ús Moro Aguado Jes ús Miguel Tejedor Muñoz Source Type: research

The role of sexuality in religious responses to problematic drug use in Argentina
This study addresses the relationships between problematic drug use, rehabilitation and sexuality from the perspectives of both professionals and men and women who consume drugs. This paper adopts a critical perspective on gender and sexual diversity to analyze how therapeutic institutions reproduce certain gender stereotypes and heteronormativity. In doing so, the research intends to contribute to discussions that can lead to more comprehensive policies regarding problematic drug use. (Source: Drugs and Alcohol Today)
Source: Drugs and Alcohol Today - February 2, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Daniel Eduardo Jones Paloma Dulbecco Santiago L. Cunial Source Type: research

Drugs, brands and consumer culture: the sign-value of the products sold on the darknet marketplaces
Nicolae Eduard Craciunescu Drugs and Alcohol Today, Vol. 21, No. 2, pp.124-134 The purpose of this study is to explore drug consumption from a cultural perspective, in the context of the consumer culture. It aims to identify if, through the branding process, cryptomarket vendors are attaching a sign-value to their products to facilitate the process by which consumers will recognize and appreciate it. The study was done by performing a qualitative content analysis loosely inspired from semiotics on a sample of 40 seller pages from the Dream Market and samples of their listings, collected in 2018. The v...
Source: Drugs and Alcohol Today - December 30, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Nicolae Eduard Craciunescu Source Type: research

Relevance of cryptomarkets, characteristics of purchasers and possibilities for survey research: experience from the European Web Survey on Drugs
Julian Strizek, Alexandra Karden, João Matias Drugs and Alcohol Today, Vol. 21, No. 2, pp.102-111 The purpose of this paper is to assess the relevance of cryptomarkets, characteristics of purchasers and possibilities for survey research by approaching users directly on cryptomarkets. Cross-country comparison of the results from the European Web Survey on Drugs (EWSD) and summarizing lessons learned during the data collection was carried out. Purchasers of drugs on cryptomarkets are still a rather small segment of all drug purchasers, and most people who use cryptomarkets also use other sourc...
Source: Drugs and Alcohol Today - October 30, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Julian Strizek Alexandra Karden Jo ão Matias Source Type: research

Psychedelic substance use in the Reddit psychonaut community. A qualitative study on motives and modalities
Jani Pestana, Franca Beccaria, Enrico Petrilli Drugs and Alcohol Today, Vol. 21, No. 2, pp.112-123 The purpose of this paper is to investigate motives and modalities of psychedelic substance use in the psychonaut community that is hosted on the Reddit platform (r/psychonaut). Psychonauts are sometimes described as responsible drug users. Elements of responsible use include sharing stories, advice and experiences, reagent testing substances, proper dosing and education on harm reduction and its practical implication. Investigating psychonauts’ substance use can highlight what responsible use means f...
Source: Drugs and Alcohol Today - August 3, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Jani Pestana Franca Beccaria Enrico Petrilli Source Type: research

Pricing of illicit drugs on darknet markets: a conceptual exploration
Andreas Zaunseder, Angus Bancroft Drugs and Alcohol Today, Vol. 21, No. 2, pp.135-145 Trading illicit drugs on cryptomarkets differs in many ways from material retail markets. This paper aims to contribute to existing studies on pricing by studying the relationship between price changes in relation to changes in nominal value of the cryptocurrency. To this, the authors qualitatively study product descriptions and images to expand the knowledge on price formation. The authors analysed 15 samples based on visual and textual scrapes from two major drug markets – for Dream Market between January 201...
Source: Drugs and Alcohol Today - July 13, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Andreas Zaunseder Angus Bancroft Source Type: research

The role of critical moments in young offenders ’ drug-using trajectories
Drugs and Alcohol Today, Ahead of Print. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore the relationship between drug use and offending by using the concept of critical moments as an analytical tool. Design/methodology/approach In total, 41 semi-structured individual interviews with young people (15 –25 years) using drugs and in touch with the criminal justice system (CJS) were conducted. Findings Analysing critical moments in young people’s drug use contributes to explaining some of the multiple, possible links between drug use and offending. Institutional factors emerged as important, a s well as social and ...
Source: Drugs and Alcohol Today - June 17, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Critical reflections on quality standards within drug demand reduction
Drugs and Alcohol Today, Ahead of Print. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to critically reflect on the usefulness of quality standards aimed at prevention interventions for drug using young offenders. Design/methodology/approach This paper uses critical literature on quality standards, readings of quality standards and qualitative interviews as well as focus-group discussions with professionals working in services targeting drug use among young offenders. Findings The findings show discrepancies between the idea that quality standards provide a tool for supporting the implementation of more effective interventions and ...
Source: Drugs and Alcohol Today - June 17, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Let ’s talk about chemsex and pleasure: the missing link in chemsex services
Drugs and Alcohol Today, Ahead of Print. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to document the experience of current and former methamphetamine users on their crystal meth use patterns and on their use of services related to their chemsex practice. Design/methodology/approach For qualitative component, two focus groups were formed with nine current users of methamphetamine and eight former users. Thematic analysis was performed to know their experiences. Findings All participants were already engaging in chemsex with various substances before they first started using methamphetamine. Methamphetamine use led some to slam (me...
Source: Drugs and Alcohol Today - June 17, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Development of an alcohol withdrawal risk stratification tool based on patients referred to an addiction liaison nursing service in Glasgow
Drugs and Alcohol Today, Ahead of Print. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to develop an alcohol withdrawal syndrome risk stratification tool that could support the safe discharge of low risk patients from the emergency department. Design/methodology/approach A retrospective cohort study that included all patients referred to the acute addiction liaison nursing service over one calendar month (n=400, 1 –30 April 2016) was undertaken. Bivariate and multivariate modelling identified the significant variables that supported the prediction of severe alcohol withdrawal syndrome (SAWS) in the cohort population. Findings...
Source: Drugs and Alcohol Today - June 17, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The role of critical moments in young offenders ’ drug-using trajectories
Drugs and Alcohol Today, Ahead of Print. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore the relationship between drug use and offending by using the concept of critical moments as an analytical tool. Design/methodology/approach In total, 41 semi-structured individual interviews with young people (15 –25 years) using drugs and in touch with the criminal justice system (CJS) were conducted. Findings Analysing critical moments in young people’s drug use contributes to explaining some of the multiple, possible links between drug use and offending. Institutional factors emerged as important, a s well as social and ...
Source: Drugs and Alcohol Today - June 17, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Critical reflections on quality standards within drug demand reduction
Drugs and Alcohol Today, Ahead of Print. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to critically reflect on the usefulness of quality standards aimed at prevention interventions for drug using young offenders. Design/methodology/approach This paper uses critical literature on quality standards, readings of quality standards and qualitative interviews as well as focus-group discussions with professionals working in services targeting drug use among young offenders. Findings The findings show discrepancies between the idea that quality standards provide a tool for supporting the implementation of more effective interventions and ...
Source: Drugs and Alcohol Today - June 17, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Let ’s talk about chemsex and pleasure: the missing link in chemsex services
Drugs and Alcohol Today, Ahead of Print. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to document the experience of current and former methamphetamine users on their crystal meth use patterns and on their use of services related to their chemsex practice. Design/methodology/approach For qualitative component, two focus groups were formed with nine current users of methamphetamine and eight former users. Thematic analysis was performed to know their experiences. Findings All participants were already engaging in chemsex with various substances before they first started using methamphetamine. Methamphetamine use led some to slam (me...
Source: Drugs and Alcohol Today - June 17, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Development of an alcohol withdrawal risk stratification tool based on patients referred to an addiction liaison nursing service in Glasgow
Drugs and Alcohol Today, Ahead of Print. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to develop an alcohol withdrawal syndrome risk stratification tool that could support the safe discharge of low risk patients from the emergency department. Design/methodology/approach A retrospective cohort study that included all patients referred to the acute addiction liaison nursing service over one calendar month (n=400, 1 –30 April 2016) was undertaken. Bivariate and multivariate modelling identified the significant variables that supported the prediction of severe alcohol withdrawal syndrome (SAWS) in the cohort population. Findings...
Source: Drugs and Alcohol Today - June 17, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Underage drinking as a natural part of growing up: a UK study of parental beliefs
Drugs and Alcohol Today, Ahead of Print. Purpose Parental beliefs about underage drinking are known to influence the drinking behaviours of their children. The purpose of this paper is to explore parental beliefs about their own child drinking alcohol and young people in general, in order to ascertain whether there is a need to target such beliefs in the design of public health interventions. Design/methodology/approach Parents of 11 –18 year olds attending one of nine schools in the Midlands of England, UK were invited to take part. Participants completed a newly designed 40-item questionnaire measuring parental bel...
Source: Drugs and Alcohol Today - June 2, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Do risk factors increase measurement of hepatitis B, C signs and HIV-AIDS among middle-aged and older IDUs in southwest Iran?
Drugs and Alcohol Today, Ahead of Print. Purpose Injecting drug use addiction is a main factor in hepatitis B, C infection and HIV –AIDS infection. The purpose of this paper is to measure seroprevalence of hepatitis B, C virus and HIV–AIDS amongst injecting drug users (IDUs) and its influencing factors. Design/methodology/approach The cross-sectional method was used in mid-2017 in Ahwaz city, southwest Iran. In total, 133 IDUs, aged 29–71 years (mean age=48.21 ± 10.4), were chosen from Aria addiction treatment centre. The data were collected on demographic and behavioural characteristics. In additi...
Source: Drugs and Alcohol Today - June 2, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Underage drinking as a natural part of growing up: a UK study of parental beliefs
Drugs and Alcohol Today, Ahead of Print. Purpose Parental beliefs about underage drinking are known to influence the drinking behaviours of their children. The purpose of this paper is to explore parental beliefs about their own child drinking alcohol and young people in general, in order to ascertain whether there is a need to target such beliefs in the design of public health interventions. Design/methodology/approach Parents of 11 –18 year olds attending one of nine schools in the Midlands of England, UK were invited to take part. Participants completed a newly designed 40-item questionnaire measuring parental bel...
Source: Drugs and Alcohol Today - June 2, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Do risk factors increase measurement of hepatitis B, C signs and HIV-AIDS among middle-aged and older IDUs in southwest Iran?
Drugs and Alcohol Today, Ahead of Print. Purpose Injecting drug use addiction is a main factor in hepatitis B, C infection and HIV –AIDS infection. The purpose of this paper is to measure seroprevalence of hepatitis B, C virus and HIV–AIDS amongst injecting drug users (IDUs) and its influencing factors. Design/methodology/approach The cross-sectional method was used in mid-2017 in Ahwaz city, southwest Iran. In total, 133 IDUs, aged 29–71 years (mean age=48.21 ± 10.4), were chosen from Aria addiction treatment centre. The data were collected on demographic and behavioural characteristics. In additi...
Source: Drugs and Alcohol Today - June 2, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Editorial
Drugs and Alcohol Today,Volume 19, Issue 2, Page 57-58, June 2019. (Source: Drugs and Alcohol Today)
Source: Drugs and Alcohol Today - April 4, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Substance use by social workers and implications for professional regulation
This study has implications for social conceptualisations of professionalism and for decisions regarding professional regulation. Previous literature about substance use by professionals has focussed predominantly on implications for increased surveillance, monitoring, and disciplinary action. We contend that since substance use among professionals tends to be concealed, there may be exacerbated social misconceptions about degree of risk and when it is appropriate to intervene. (Source: Drugs and Alcohol Today)
Source: Drugs and Alcohol Today - March 11, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Examining cannabis protective behavioral strategy use using multiple methods
Drugs and Alcohol Today, Ahead of Print. Purpose Cannabis use among young adults is increasing, despite being associated with several negative consequences. Protective behavioral strategies (PBSs) are a potential mechanism of behavior change for reducing substance use, yet PBS use for cannabis is not well understood. The purpose of this paper is to further define and measure the PBS construct for cannabis. Design/methodology/approach A community sample of cannabis users (n=54) participated in eight focus groups discussing the use of PBSs. Participants completed surveys regarding demographics, cannabis use habits and cannab...
Source: Drugs and Alcohol Today - March 5, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

A message from the guest editor of this special “Chemsex” edition of Drugs and Alcohol Today
Drugs and Alcohol Today,Volume 19, Issue 1, Page 1-2, March 2019. (Source: Drugs and Alcohol Today)
Source: Drugs and Alcohol Today - February 21, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Chemsex experiences: narratives of pleasure
This study examined the perspectives of those actually participating in chemsex, allowing gay men and other MSM to relate the entirety of their experiences, in which pleasure is o ften at the forefront, without restriction. (Source: Drugs and Alcohol Today)
Source: Drugs and Alcohol Today - February 13, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research