Artificial intelligence and breast screening: French Radiology Community position paper
The objective of this article was to evaluate the evidence currently available about the clinical value of artificial intelligence (AI) in breast imaging. Nine experts from the disciplines involved in breast disease management – including physicists and radiologists – convened a meeting on June 3, 2019 to discuss the evidence for the use of this technology in plenary and focused sessions. Prior to the meeting, the group performed a literature review on predefined topics. This paper presents the consensus reached by this working group on recommendations for the future use of AI in breast scre...
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - September 13, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Differentiation between Fabry disease and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with cardiac T1 mapping
Publication date: Available online 10 September 2019Source: Diagnostic and Interventional ImagingAuthor(s): E. Deborde, B. Dubourg, S. Bejar, A.-C. Brehin, S. Normant, P. Michelin, J.-N. DacherAbstractPurposeTo evaluate the potential of non-contrast myocardial T1 mapping on cardiovascular magnetic resonance examination (CMR) in differentiating patients with Fabry disease (FD) from those with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and healthy control subjects.Materials and methodsSeventeen patients with FD (8 men, 9 women; mean age, 48  ± 18 [SD] years; [range: 19–73 years]; 53% with left ventricular hyper...
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - September 11, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Impact of an ultrasound-guided radiofrequency ablation training program on the outcomes in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma
ConclusionA well supervised training program that includes planning ultrasonography fosters the efficacy and treatment quality of RFA for HCC. (Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging)
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - September 1, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

How reproducible are classical and new CT-pelvimetry measurements?
ConclusionNew pelvic measurements have excellent reproducibility and are similar to the classical measurements, based on the MPR analysis of CT planes adjusted to the inner bony pelvis. (Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging)
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - August 29, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Noise assessment across two generations of iterative reconstruction algorithms of three manufacturers using bone reconstruction kernel
Publication date: Available online 28 August 2019Source: Diagnostic and Interventional ImagingAuthor(s): J. Greffier, J. Frandon, A. Larbi, D. Om, J.P. Beregi, F. PereiraAbstractPurposeTo compare the noise-magnitude and noise-texture obtained using strong kernel across two generations of iterative reconstruction (IR) algorithms proposed by three manufacturers.Materials and methodsFive computed tomography (CT) systems equipped with two generations of IR algorithm (hybrid/statistical IR [H/SIR] or full/partial model-based IR [MBIR]) were compared. Acquisitions on Catphan 600 phantom were performed at 120 kV and three do...
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - August 29, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Editorial board
Publication date: September 2019Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging, Volume 100, Issue 9Author(s): (Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging)
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - August 24, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Contents 2 pages
Publication date: September 2019Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging, Volume 100, Issue 9Author(s): (Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging)
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - August 24, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Feasibility of two-dimensional ultrasound shear wave elastography of human fetal lungs and liver: A pilot study
Publication date: Available online 22 August 2019Source: Diagnostic and Interventional ImagingAuthor(s): N. Mottet, C. Cochet, C. Vidal, J.P. Metz, S. Aubry, A. Bourtembourg, A. Eckman-Lacroix, D. Riethmuller, L. Pazart, R. RamanahAbstractPurposeThe first aim was to evaluate feasibility and reproducibility of 2-dimensional ultrasound (2D) shear wave elastography (SWE) of human fetal lungs and liver between 24 and 34 weeks of gestation. The second aim was to model fetal lung-to-liver elastography ratio (LLE ratio) and to assess its variations according to gestational age and maternal administration of corticosteroids.M...
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - August 23, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Arteriovenous malformation of the gallbladder
Publication date: Available online 20 August 2019Source: Diagnostic and Interventional ImagingAuthor(s): M.W. Lukies, M. Nakamura, K. Osuga (Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging)
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - August 21, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Percutaneous extra-spinal cementoplasty in patients with cancer: A systematic review of procedural details and clinical outcomes
ConclusionPercutaneous extra-spinal cementopasty is predominantly performed as a stand-alone procedure and for lesions in the bony pelvis. It appears to be an effective tool to manage pain associated with malignant bone tumours. There is however a lack of standardization of the technique among the different publications. (Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging)
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - August 17, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Breast tomosynthesis: What do we know and where do we stand?
Publication date: Available online 16 August 2019Source: Diagnostic and Interventional ImagingAuthor(s): C. Mandoul, C. Verheyden, I. Millet, C. Orliac, E. Pages, I. Thomassin, P. TaourelAbstractDigital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) is a new imaging technology that addresses the limitation caused by overlapping structures in conventional two-dimensional digital mammography owing to the acquisition of a series of low-dose projection images. This unique technique provides a dual benefit to patients screened for breast cancer. First, DBT increases the cancer detection rate mostly by highlighting architectural distortions and all...
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - August 17, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

How to differentiate uterine leiomyosarcoma from leiomyoma with imaging
Publication date: Available online 16 August 2019Source: Diagnostic and Interventional ImagingAuthor(s): S. Sun, P.A. Bonaffini, S. Nougaret, L. Fournier, A. Dohan, J. Chong, J. Smith, H. Addley, C. ReinholdAbstractUterine leiomyomas, the most frequent benign myomatous tumors of the uterus, often cannot be distinguished from malignant uterine leiomyosarcomas using clinical criteria. Furthermore, imaging differentiation between both entities is frequently challenging due to their potential overlapping features. Because a suspected leiomyoma is often managed conservatively or with minimally invasive treatments, the misdiagno...
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - August 17, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Nonenhancing thickened cranial nerves on MRI in Charcot-Marie-Thooth disease
Publication date: Available online 13 August 2019Source: Diagnostic and Interventional ImagingAuthor(s): U. Scemama, A. Varoquaux, M. Montava (Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging)
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - August 14, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Page kidney after radiofrequency ablation of renal tumor: Successful management with percutaneous drainage
Publication date: Available online 9 August 2019Source: Diagnostic and Interventional ImagingAuthor(s): J. Delmas, C. Marcelin, F. Petitpierre, Y. Lebras, N. Grenier (Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging)
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - August 11, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Percutaneous thermal ablation of primary and secondary lung tumors: Comparison between microwave and radiofrequency ablation
Publication date: Available online 8 August 2019Source: Diagnostic and Interventional ImagingAuthor(s): V. Aufranc, G. Farouil, M. Abdel-Rehim, P. Smadja, M. Tardieu, S. Aptel, A. GuibalAbstractPurposeThe purpose of this study was to retrospectively compare microwave (MWA) and radiofrequency (RFA) ablation in the percutaneous treatment of primary and secondary lung tumors.Material and methodsA total of 115 patients with a total of 160 lung tumors (primary, n = 41; secondary, n = 119) were retrospectively included. There were 56 men and 59 women with a mean age of 67.8 ± 12.7 (SD) years ...
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - August 10, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

18F-FDG PET/CT in pancreatic adenocarcinoma: A role at initial imaging staging?
Publication date: Available online 8 August 2019Source: Diagnostic and Interventional ImagingAuthor(s): M. Wartski, A. SauvanetAbstractPancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma represents 90% of all pancreatic tumors. The only hope for prolonged survival in patients with this condition still remains surgery with complete R0 resection. Initial imaging has a pivotal role to identify patients who are eligible to curative surgery and those who may benefit of neoadjuvant chemotherapy. This review provides an analysis of the recent literature on 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG PET/CT) in pancr...
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - August 10, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Lesion detection on a combined “All-in-One” window compared to conventional window settings in thoracic oncology chest CT examinations
ConclusionsA single AIO-window is non-inferior to multiple conventional window settings for lesion detection on chest CT examinations in thoracic oncology patients. (Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging)
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - August 10, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Preclinical evaluation of the atraumatic nature of a spring loaded blunt tip coaxial needle in a swine model
ConclusionThe atraumatic feature offered by the spring loaded blunt tip prevented vascular trauma during the 5 attempts made to transfix the artery/aorta in a swine. (Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging)
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - August 2, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Performance of deep learning for differentiating pancreatic diseases on contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging: A preliminary study
ConclusionDeep learning using CNN and GAN had the potential to differentiate pancreatic diseases on contrast-enhanced MR images. (Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging)
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - July 31, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Annotated normal CT data of the abdomen for deep learning: Challenges and strategies for implementation
ConclusionsA reliable data collection/annotation process for abdominal structures was developed. This process can be used to generate large datasets appropriate for deep learning. (Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging)
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - July 28, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Computer-aided diagnosis system for characterizing ISUP grade ≥ 2 prostate cancers at multiparametric MRI: A cross-vendor evaluation
ConclusionIn this external cohort, the CADx and PI-RADSv2 scores showed similar performances in characterizing ISUP grade ≥ 2 cancers. (Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging)
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - July 25, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Assessment of proximal femur microarchitecture using ultra-high field MRI at 7 Tesla
ConclusionFemur bone microarchitecture metrics quantified using UHF MRI significantly correlated with biomechanical parameters. The multimodal assessment of ABMD and trabecular bone microarchitecture using UHF MRI provides more information about fracture risk of femoral bone and might be of interest for future investigations of patients with undetected osteoporosis. (Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging)
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - July 20, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Salvage cryoablation for local recurrence of prostatic cancer after curative therapy
ConclusionSalvage cryoablation of locally recurrent prostate cancer after curative treatment is feasible and safe when the half prostate is treated. It could delay initiation of androgen deprivation therapy in these patients. (Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging)
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - July 20, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

PICC management led by technicians: Establishment of a cooperation program with radiologists and evaluation of complications
ConclusionPICC placement led by technicians is feasible and safe without statistical difference in terms of complications compared to PICC placement made by radiologists. (Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging)
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - July 17, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries in a 69-year-old woman
Publication date: Available online 10 July 2019Source: Diagnostic and Interventional ImagingAuthor(s): C. Ancel-Tallal, B. Dubourg, E. Barre, P. Michelin, J.-N. Dacher (Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging)
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - July 11, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Acetic acid versus radiofrequency ablation for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma: A randomized controlled trial
ConclusionPAAI and RFA have similar efficacy in treating small HCC. PAAI could thus be a cost-effective alternative in situations where RFA is either unavailable or unaffordable. (Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging)
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - July 11, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Percutaneous thermal ablation for renal cell carcinoma in patients with Birt–Hogg–Dubé syndrome
ConclusionRadiofrequency ablation and cryoablation show promising results for the treatment of RCCs associated with BHD syndrome. Percutaneous thermal ablation may be a useful treatment option for this rare hereditary condition. (Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging)
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - July 11, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Recognition and management of dermatologic complications from interventional radiology procedures
Publication date: Available online 10 July 2019Source: Diagnostic and Interventional ImagingAuthor(s): M. Ramirez, S. Ravichandran, L. Ronald, W.M. Pabon-Ramos, T.P. Smith, C.Y. Kim, J. RonaldAbstractA variety of dermatologic complications can occur after interventional radiology procedures, including fluoroscopy-induced radiation dermatitis, thermal skin injury from tumor ablation, non-target embolization to the skin, allergic reactions related to interventional radiology procedures, and dermatitis and infections at catheter sites. Yet, interventional radiologists typically lack training in dermatology. This review focuse...
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - July 11, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Subdural brain metastasis of lung adenocarcinoma on arterial spin labeling (ASL) MRI
Publication date: Available online 9 July 2019Source: Diagnostic and Interventional ImagingAuthor(s): L. Nichelli, D. Dormont, N. Pyatigorskaya (Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging)
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - July 10, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Diagnostic and interventional radiology is a milestone in the management of renal tumors in Birt-Hugg-Dubé syndrome
Publication date: Available online 5 July 2019Source: Diagnostic and Interventional ImagingAuthor(s): F.H. Cornelis, J.-C. Bernhard (Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging)
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - July 6, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Cinematic rendering: When virtuality comes true
Publication date: Available online 4 July 2019Source: Diagnostic and Interventional ImagingAuthor(s): P. Soyer (Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging)
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - July 5, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Intra arterial treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma: Comparison of MELD score variations between radio-embolization and chemo-embolization
ConclusionWhereas performed in patients with higher tumor burden, SIRT resulted in lower degrees of liver function worsening as assessed using MELD score variations. (Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging)
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - July 5, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Accessory spleen embolization: An option for refractory idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP)
Publication date: Available online 28 June 2019Source: Diagnostic and Interventional ImagingAuthor(s): K.L. Junus, J.A. Friedman, R.R. Rubin, B.A. Bianco, A.E. Trebelev (Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging)
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - June 29, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Monitoring radiotherapy induced tissue changes in localized prostate cancer by multi-parametric magnetic resonance imaging (MP-MRI)
Publication date: Available online 27 June 2019Source: Diagnostic and Interventional ImagingAuthor(s): X. Wu, P. Reinikainen, M. Kapanen, T. Vierikko, P. Ryymin, P.-L. Kellokumpu-LehtinenAbstractPurposeTo evaluate the utility of multi-parametric magnetic resonance imaging (MP-MRI), including dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI and diffusion-weighted MRI, for monitoring tumor tissue changes after volumetric-modulated arc radiotherapy in localized prostate cancer (PCa), and to compare the radiotherapy induced tumor tissue changes between conventional, moderate and extreme hypofractionated groups. Furthermore, we aimed to evaluate ...
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - June 28, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Percutaneous transhepatic Laser lithotripsy for intrahepatic cholelithiasis
ConclusionFor patients with intrahepatic biliary calculi not amenable to ERCP, PTBLL provides an effective and safe alternate treatment. (Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging)
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - June 28, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Editorial board
Publication date: July–August 2019Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging, Volume 100, Issues 7–8Author(s): (Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging)
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - June 28, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Contents 2 pages
Publication date: July–August 2019Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging, Volume 100, Issues 7–8Author(s): (Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging)
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - June 28, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Reversible phrenic nerve injury after radiofrequency ablation of lung tumor
Publication date: Available online 27 June 2019Source: Diagnostic and Interventional ImagingAuthor(s): T. Iguchi, T. Hiraki, Y. Matsui, J. Sakurai, S. Kanazawa (Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging)
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - June 27, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Unenhanced CT for clinical triage of elderly patients presenting to the emergency department with acute abdominal pain
ConclusionUnenhanced CT alone is accurate and associated with high degrees of inter-reader agreement for clinical triage of patients older than 75 years with AAP in the emergency setting. (Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging)
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - June 16, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Post-mortem CT angiography of mesenteric vessels using cinematic rendering vision
Publication date: Available online 10 June 2019Source: Diagnostic and Interventional ImagingAuthor(s): X. de Spiegeleire, J. Vanhaebost, E. Coche (Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging)
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - June 12, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Pelvic hematoma due to spontaneous left iliac vein rupture in May-Thurner syndrome
Publication date: Available online 6 June 2019Source: Diagnostic and Interventional ImagingAuthor(s): S. Molière, N. Rotaru-Hincu (Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging)
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - June 7, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Giant splenic epithelial congenital cyst
Publication date: Available online 6 June 2019Source: Diagnostic and Interventional ImagingAuthor(s): B. Coulier, F. Pierard, I. Gielen (Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging)
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - June 7, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Editorial board
Publication date: June 2019Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging, Volume 100, Issue 6Author(s): (Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging)
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - June 6, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Contents 2 pages
Publication date: June 2019Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging, Volume 100, Issue 6Author(s): (Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging)
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - June 6, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Virtual unenhanced phase with spectral dual-energy CT: Is it an alternative to conventional true unenhanced phase for abdominal tissues?
ConclusionVUP images demonstrate good agreement with TUP images in different abdominals tissues and can be obtained with similar image quality as TUP. VUP images appear as an alternative to TUP images, resulting in reduction of radiation dose delivered to the patient. (Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging)
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - May 31, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Comparison of noise-magnitude and noise-texture across two generations of iterative reconstruction algorithms from three manufacturers
Publication date: Available online 23 May 2019Source: Diagnostic and Interventional ImagingAuthor(s): J. Greffier, A. Larbi, J. Frandon, G. Moliner, J.P. Beregi, F. PereiraAbstractPurposeTo compare the noise-magnitude and noise-texture across two generations of iterative reconstruction (IR) algorithms proposed by three manufacturers according to the dose level.Materials and MethodsFive computed tomography (CT) systems equipped with two generations of IR algorithms (hybrid/statistical IR [H/SIR] or full/partial model-based IR [MBIR]) were compared. Acquisitions on Catphan 600 phantom were performed at 120 kV and three ...
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - May 25, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Improved contrast for myeloma focal lesions with T2-weighted Dixon images compared to T1-weighted images
Publication date: Available online 23 May 2019Source: Diagnostic and Interventional ImagingAuthor(s): Alexis Danner, Eléonore Brumpt, Mona Alilet, Grégory Tio, Patrick Omoumi, Sébastien AubryAbstractPurposeThe purpose of this study was twofold. First, to compare the contrast between spinal multiple myeloma (MM) focal lesions and surrounding bone marrow obtained on T2-weighted Dixon fat-only MR images to that obtained on T1-weighted spin-echo images. Second, to search for correlation between bone marrow fat fraction assessed by T2-weighted Dixon sequence and International Myeloma Working Group myeloma d...
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - May 25, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Erratum to “Percutaneous portal vein recanalization using self-expandable nitinol stents in patients with non-cirrhotic non-tumoral portal vein occlusion” [Diagn. Interv. Imaging 100 (2019) 147–156]
Publication date: Available online 17 May 2019Source: Diagnostic and Interventional ImagingAuthor(s): A. Marot, J. Vieira Barbosa, R. Duran, P. Deltenre, A. Denys (Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging)
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - May 19, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Impact of the rise of artificial intelligence in radiology: What do radiologists think?
ConclusionWhile respondents had the feeling of receiving insufficient previous information on AI, they are willing to improve their knowledge and technical skills on this field. They share an optimistic view and think that AI will have a positive impact on their future practice. A lower risk of imaging-related medical errors and an increase in the time spent with patients are among their main expectations. (Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging)
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - May 7, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

CT features of pulmonary interstitial emphysema
Publication date: Available online 30 April 2019Source: Diagnostic and Interventional ImagingAuthor(s): B. Langlet, G. Dournes, F. Laurent (Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging)
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - May 2, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research