Digital Marketing of Breast-Milk Substitutes: a Systematic Scoping Review
AbstractPurpose of ReviewGlobally, too few children are breastfed as recommended. Commercial promotion of breast-milk substitutes (BMS) is one factor undermining breastfeeding globally. Although the International Code of Marketing of BMS prohibits all forms of marketing, promotion has been observed in digital environments. We aimed to understand the scope and impact of digital marketing for the promotion of BMS.Recent FindingsBMS are promoted strategically and in an integrated fashion across multiple digital channels (social media, manufacturer websites, online retailers, blogs, mobile apps and digital streaming services)....
Source: Current Nutrition Reports - May 4, 2022 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Systematic Review of Interventions Addressing Food Insecurity in Pregnant Women and New Mothers
AbstractPurpose of the ReviewFood insecurity can have a negative health impact for women during pregnancy and the postpartum period; however, there are a range of barriers to meeting nutritional guidelines during pregnancy. Food insecurity is associated with an increased risk of pregnancy complications and mental and physical health outcomes. This review aims to provide insight into programmes and interventions which have targeted food insecurity in pregnant and early postpartum women. The central research question for this review is as follows: What programmes and interventions have sought to address food insecurity among...
Source: Current Nutrition Reports - May 2, 2022 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The Use of Healthy Eating Index 2015 and Healthy Beverage Index for Predicting and Modifying Cardiovascular and Renal Outcomes
AbstractPurpose of ReviewWith the wide recognition of the importance of dietary patterns rather than isolated nutrient groups on health outcomes, numerous diet quality indices have been designed to evaluate the overall food intake quality in the last two decades.Recent FindingsThe newest version of the Healthy Eating Index (HEI), HEI-2015, is a diet quality index that measures adherence to the recommendations of the 2015 –2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans. While the key nutrient groups are included in most diet quality indices, differences in other components and the scoring system differentiate HEI. The Healthy Beve...
Source: Current Nutrition Reports - April 27, 2022 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Correction to: Weight Gain Recommendations for Athletes and Military Personnel: a Critical Review of the Evidence
(Source: Current Nutrition Reports)
Source: Current Nutrition Reports - April 25, 2022 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Can Sodium Bicarbonate Supplementation Improve Combat Sports Performance? A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
In conclusion, NaHCO3 supplementation causes a significant increase in blood lactate, indicating an ergogenic effect on buffer, which can delay the onset of fatigue and contribute to the performance of combat sports athletes. New experimental studies need to be published that assess the effect of acute and chronic NaHCO3 supplementation in specific combat sports tests and in women. (Source: Current Nutrition Reports)
Source: Current Nutrition Reports - April 8, 2022 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Nutritional Targets in Cow ’s Milk Protein Allergy: A Comprehensive Review
AbstractPurpose of ReviewCow ’s milk protein allergy (CMPA) is known as the most common food allergy in the first year of life. For this purpose, in our review, the regulation of maternal and infant nutrition, and the risks and the issues to be considered in terms of nutrition are discussed from the perspective of a dietitian .Recent FindingsTherefore, understanding the epidemiology, symptoms, diagnostic criteria, and appropriate treatment of cow ’s milk protein allergy is crucial for the multidisciplinary team of physicians, dietitians, and nurses working in the clinic. It has been reported that tolerance develops in ...
Source: Current Nutrition Reports - April 2, 2022 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Dietary Intake and Dietary-Focused Lifestyle Interventions on Risk Factors Associated with Cardiovascular Disease in Firefighters
AbstractPurpose of ReviewCardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death to on-duty firefighters and is a substantial health concern. Preventative measures, including dietary interventions, may improve CVD in firefighters. The purpose of this review is to examine the literature on the relationship between dietary intake, dietary lifestyle interventions, and risk of CVD in firefighters.Recent FindingsExisting evidence, albeit limited, suggests that firefighters do not meet dietary guidelines. Lifestyle modifications featuring dietary interventions are effective in improving risk factors associated with CVD in fir...
Source: Current Nutrition Reports - March 28, 2022 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Comparison of the Impact of the Mediterranean Diet, Anti-Inflammatory Diet, Seventh-Day Adventist Diet, and Ketogenic Diet Relative to Cognition and Cognitive Decline
AbstractPurpose of ReviewIncreasing evidence points toward the importance of diet and its impact on cognitive decline. This review seeks to clarify the impact of four diets on cognition: the Mediterranean diet, the anti-inflammatory diet, the Seventh Day Adventist diet, and the Ketogenic diet.Recent FindingsOf the diets reviewed, the Mediterranean diet provides the strongest evidence for efficacy. Studies regarding the anti-inflammatory diet and Seventh Day Adventist diet are sparse, heterogeneous in quality and outcome measurements, providing limited reliable data. There is also minimal research confirming the cognitive b...
Source: Current Nutrition Reports - March 26, 2022 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Vitamin D and Asthma: a Systematic Review of Clinical Trials
AbstractPurpose of the reviewTo perform a systematic review of prospective clinical trials to determine whether improving vitamin D status improves asthma control.Recent findingsIn cross sectional studies suboptimal viramin D status is often associated with poor asthma control. However, decreased 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (25  (OH) D) concentrations might not be causally associated with asthma control.SummaryWe performed a systematic review until December 15, 2021 according to PRISMA guideline, searching MEDLINE, MEDLINE In-Process, Embase, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and Cochrane Central Register of Control...
Source: Current Nutrition Reports - March 26, 2022 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Plant-Based Diets and Cancer Risk: What is the Evidence?
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe purpose of this review is to summarize the recent (past 5  years) available evidence regarding the association between plant-based diets on cancer risk from clinical trials and observational studies. Biological mechanisms and gaps in the current literature will also be discussed.Recent FindingsThere is a lack of intervention studies but there are abundant observational studies assessing the association between plant-based diets and cancer risk, including multiple longitudinal cohort studies and similar data from case –control studies that demonstrate a decreased overall cancer risk with plan...
Source: Current Nutrition Reports - March 25, 2022 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Supplementation of Infant Formula and Neurodevelopmental Outcomes: a Systematic Review
AbstractPurpose of the ReviewThe aim is to examine data from clinical trials and prospective longitudinal studies that evaluate the effect of infant formula supplements on the cognitive function of children.Recent FindingsA total of 300 articles from 2000 to 2021 were selected. The most researched IF supplements were initially long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA), some proteins and, recently, milk fat globule membrane (MFGM). Supplementation of IF with LC-PUFA led to some positive effects on specific cognitive functions or no effect; however, there was no consistent benefit for cognitive function. Modifying the...
Source: Current Nutrition Reports - March 25, 2022 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Effect of Dietary Intake Through Whole Foods on Cognitive Function: Review of Randomized Controlled Trials
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThis review evaluated recent randomized controlled trials (RCTs) examining the chronic intake of whole foods associated with the Mediterranean, Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH), Mediterranean-DASH Intervention for Neurogenerative Delay (MIND), and ketogenic (KETO) diets on cognitive function.Recent FindingsWe identified RCTs related to olive oil (N = 3), nuts (N = 7), fatty fish (N = 1), lean meats (N = 4), fruits and vegetables (N = 9), legumes (N = 1), and low-fat dairy (N = 4), with 26/29 reporting positive results on at least one measure of cognition. W...
Source: Current Nutrition Reports - March 25, 2022 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Interrelations Between Food Form, Texture, and Matrix Influence Energy Intake and Metabolic Responses
AbstractPurpose of ReviewNutrition often focuses on food composition, yet differences in food form, texture, and matrix influence energy intake and metabolism. This review outlines how these attributes of food impact oral processing, energy intake, and metabolism.Recent FindingsFood form has a well-established impact on intake, where liquids are consumed more than solids and semi-solids. For solids, texture properties likethickness,hardness, andlubrication, and geometrical properties like size and shape influence oral processing, eating rate, and intake. Food matrix integrity can influence nutrient and energy absorption an...
Source: Current Nutrition Reports - March 24, 2022 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The Efficacy and Safety of Ketogenic Diets in Drug-Resistant Epilepsy in Children and Adolescents: a Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials
AbstractPurpose of ReviewDrug-resistant epilepsy represents around one-quarter of epilepsies worldwide. Although ketogenic diets (KD) have been used for refractory epilepsy since 1921, the past 15  years have witnessed an explosion of KD use in the management of epilepsy. We aimed to review evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) regarding the efficacy and safety of KD in drug-resistant epilepsy in children and adolescents.Recent FindingsA literature search was performed in the Pubmed, Cohrane, Scopus, ClinicalTrials.gov, and Google Scholar databases. Predefined criteria were implemented regarding data extractio...
Source: Current Nutrition Reports - March 18, 2022 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Parents ’ Perceptions of Children’s Exposure to Unhealthy Food Marketing: a Narrative Review of the Literature
AbstractPurpose of ReviewA key driver of unhealthy diets in children is the marketing of unhealthy foods and beverages. Attempts to regulate children ’s exposure to unhealthy food marketing through government-led policies are challenged by commercial interests. Parents shoulder the responsibility of counteracting the effects of omnipresent unhealthy food marketing that children are exposed to within the food environment. In this narrative revie w we aimed to synthesise the evidence over the last 10 years on parents' perceptions of children’s exposure to unhealthy food marketing and parents support for policies to rest...
Source: Current Nutrition Reports - March 12, 2022 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research