In Vitro Estimation of Photo-Protective Potential of Pomegranate Seed Oil and Development of a Nanoformulation
Conclusion: Pomegranate seed oil possesses a potential photo-protective ability. Nanoemulsions proved to be a promising carrier for the topical delivery of the oil. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - March 13, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Effects of Nannochloropsis Fed on Serum and Tissue Lipids Metabolism in Obese Offspring of Overfed Dams
Conclusion: In the end, it was noted that the incorporation of 10% of microalgae has a beneficial effect on body weight and lipid metabolism. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - March 13, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Impact of Fat Replacement by Core-shell Microparticles on Set Type Yoghurts: Study of Their Physicochemical, Textural and Microstructural Properties
Conclusion: Replacement of milk fat by core-shell microparticles would be feasible giving a final product without major differences, at least instrumentally measurable, to commercial yogurt. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - March 13, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Effect of Processing and Frozen Storage on the Phenolic Profile, Bioative Compounds, Antioxidant Capacity, and Enzymatic Activity of Mangaba Pulp
Conclusion: Mangaba pulp is a good source of bioactive compounds and has good antioxidant capacity, even after one year of frozen storage. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - March 13, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Effects of Fermentative Factors on Biochemical, Microbiological and Sensory Characteristics of Probiotic Iranian Fermented Milk (Doogh)
Conclusion: It would be concluded that the best treatment was ABY3-38°C-4 stored at 8°C in regards of probiotics’ viability and sensory characteristics of Doogh. Thus, controlling the temperature of refrigerated storage is the most importance factor during storage and distribution. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - March 13, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Impacts of Vending Practices on the Microbiological Quality of Bread in the Ojoo Area of Ibadan, Oyo-State, Nigeria
Conclusion: The findings demonstrate that the bread samples which become contaminated after transport and handling can be considered a potential hazard to human health in the area. More stringent adherence to food safety regulations should be encouraged and enforced by the appropriate authorities. The findings of this study may be adopted to improve the hygienic conditions of bread distribution chain in the area as well as in other regions of the World. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - March 13, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Probiotics and Prebiotics as Functional Foods: State of the Art
Foods, besides their nutritional value, are used to be as a tool in maintaining of physical and mental well-being and prevent disease. Based on the definition of Functional foods as foods, which may offer health benefits beyond basic nutrition, functional foods, are categorized as foods, not medicine. Among the last decades, the growing market for functional foods, representing both opportunities and challenges to food producers as well academic sections to cover such demand and furthermore conquer the acceptance of consumer. In this article, an overview regarding the probiotics as well as prebiotics as outstanding compone...
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - March 13, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The Important Role of Potatoes, An Underrated Vegetable Food Crop in Human Health and Nutrition
Despite frequently being described as a carbohydrate-laden, calorie-rich unimportant part of the human diet, potatoes (Solanum tuberosum L.) are one of the most nutritive vegetable food crops in the world and, in comparison to most other vegetables are richer in essential human nutrients. These include proteins, starch and fibre, major, secondary and trace minerals, vitamins, antioxidants and phytochemicals. Potatoes have an abundance of vitamin C and the mineral potassium (K) which are vital for health. Potassium reduces the risk of Blood Pressure (BP), cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), osteoporosis and strokes. Vitamin C h...
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - March 13, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Versatile Health Benefits of Catechin from Green Tea (Camellia sinensis)
Conclusion: In this review article, we have summarized the pharmacological importance of green tea catechin which includes antioxidant potential, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, anticancer, antidiabetic and cosmetic application. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - March 13, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Preface
(Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - March 13, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Meet Our Editorial Board Member
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Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - March 13, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Acknowledgements to Reviewers
(Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - January 16, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Evaluation of the Nutritional and Quality Characteristics of Black Carrot Fortified Instant Noodles
In this study, attempt had been made to develop noodles incorporated with black carrot powder. Results: Various treatments were analysed for its functional, physical, cooking and sensory properties as responses for the optimization. The antioxidant activity, total flavonoid content and anthocyanin content significantly increased (p (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - January 16, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Development of Coffee Reference Material for Coffea arabica and C. canephora Blends
Background: Laboratories that carry out food analysis need well-characterized reference materials to improve the accuracy of information given on product labels to help consumers choose a product. In some countries there are no regulations concerning the quality and authenticity of roasted and ground coffee. Consequently, reference material needs to be able to identify and ratify different percentiles in coffee blends to support possible legislation and obtain standard labeling. Objective: The aim of this project was to prepare reference material for roasted and ground blends from Coffea arabica and Coffea canephora. Metho...
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - January 16, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Acute Administration of Nigella sativa Showed Anxiolytic and Anti- Depression Effects in Rats
Objective: Nigella sativa (NS) has been shown to have some effects on the central nervous system. In the present work, anxiolytic and anti- depression effects of an acute administration of hydro- alcoholic extract of NS was investigated in rats. Materials and Methods: The rats were grouped and treated 30 min before conducting the behavioral tests: (1) saline as a control group, (2-4) three groups including NS 100, NS 200 and NS 400 treated by three doses (100, 200 and 400 mg/ kg) of NS. The animals were examined using Forced Swim Test (FST), Open-Field (OFT) and Elevated Plus Maze (EPM) tests. Results: NS extract improved ...
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - January 16, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Optimization of Inulin Extracted with Ultrasonic-Assisted from Ornithogalum Arcuatum Liliaceae Stev. As A New Source by Response Surface Methodology
Conclusion: These results can be helpful in designing the process of optimal inulin extraction from ornithogalum arcuatum liliaceae Stev. and can be useful for the development of industrial extraction processes and reducing cost. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - January 16, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Antioxidant Activities of Medicinal Plant Fagraea ceylanica from Western Ghats, Southern India
Background: Western Ghats are one of the hot spots of biodiversity and rich with medicinal plants. Plants are traditionally used in different tribal medicinal practices in different parts of Southern India. The medicinal plant Fagraea ceylanica were collected from Western Ghats based on tribal traditional knowledge. Methods: Aqueous (Aqet) and methanolic (Meot) extracts were prepared from fruits and leaves of the F. ceylanica plant. Furthermore, extracts were analyzed for bioactive compounds and found that methanolic extracts of leaves were rich with phenols, flavonoids, tannins and Vitamin C. In addition, in-vitro antioxi...
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - January 16, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Development of Acerola, Mombin and Açaí Mixed Beverage Added Soybean Extract
Conclusion: Mixed beverages presented high levels of vitamin C, anthocyanins and total flavonoids, besides high antioxidant activity, to be considered as sources of bioactive compounds. Regarding the rheological behavior, the formulations presented a non-Newtonian behavior, with pseudoplastic characteristics. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - January 16, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Quality Control of Biscuit Products by Applying Methods of Sensory Analysis—DSKAS and CATA
Conclusion: Thus, the DSKAS and CATA methods could be successfully applied during an uninterrupted production process to analyze the quality conformity of biscuit products based on sensory indicators. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - January 16, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Ginger (Zingiber Officinale) Decreases Antioxidant Activity of Black and Green Tea
Conclusion: The results indicated that ginger decreased significantly the antioxidant activity of tea. Further studies are needed to ascertain the exact mechanism of the decreasing effect of ginger on antioxidant activity of the tea. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - January 16, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Current Clinical Status on the Estimation of Energy Requirement: Searching for a Reliable Equation to Predict Energy Requirement in Multiple Populations
Conclusion: The measurement of RMR using the IC method is the most convenient, reliable and accurate method. Nevertheless, the prediction equations are useful tools for the assessment of energy requirements in cases where the application of IC method is not possible. However, a research protocol should be performed for the evaluation of the equations in relation to the sample, but also in relation to the statistical analysis in order to eliminate the heterogeneity which may lead to misconceptions and confusion. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - January 16, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The Protective Effects of Crocin Against Nephrotoxic Substance: A Review
Crocin, the most important active constituent of saffron, has been proposed to be effective in the management of various diseases including renal failures. It also prevented nephrotoxicity induced by carbon tetrachloride, gentamicin, streptozotocin, glucose, patulin, and zearalenone in experimental models. However, more investigations should be done to confirm the antidotal effects of crocin in human being. The present study was designed to review the scientific literature about the protective effects of crocin against nephrotoxic agents. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - January 16, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Meet Our Editorial Board Member
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Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - January 16, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Furan-induced Oxidative Stress and DNA Damage in Diabetic and Nondiabetic Rats’ Blood and Protective Effect of Lycopene
Conclusion: It was seen that antioxidant enzymes activities, TEAC and FRAP values increased, the levels of MDA, tail DN%, mean tail length and MN decreased and improved membrane structure in the blood cells. Also, these data shown that the lycopene has more protective effects in erythrocytes and leucocytes of non-diabetic groups than diabetic groups. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - July 4, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Extraction of Phenolic Compounds with Antioxidant Activity from Beetroot (Beta vulgaris L.)
Conclusion: It was concluded that the method of using three successive extraction steps of 15 minutes each was appropriate to increase the recovery of phenolics with antioxidant activity from beetroot. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - July 4, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Assessment of Nutritional Status of People with Disabilities in Rural Tamil Nadu using Mini Nutritional Assessment Scale
Conclusion: More than half the study population were either malnourished or were at risk of malnutrition. Severe disability is associated with malnutrition. Mini-Nutritional Assessment (MNA) proved to be a useful and simple tool for assessment of nutritional status among people with disabilities. Nutrition assessment and nutritional therapy could be made a part of rehabilitation in persons with disabilities. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - July 4, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Effect of Fermentation, Cold storage and Carbonation on the Antioxidant activity of Probiotic Grape Beverage
Conclusion: Fermented probiotic grape beverage is a safe product with high antioxidant activity. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - July 4, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Tissue Distribution of Astaxanthin Formulation in Rats
Conclusion: Nano sized emulsion improved tissue distribution and enhanced the bioavailability of astaxanthin. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - July 4, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The Bifidobacterim bifidum (BIB2) Probiotic Increased Immune System Factors in Men Sprint Athletes
Background: Foods supplemented with probiotics enhance athletes’ immune system functions, improve body health and consequently decreases athlete’s health maintenance costs. Probiotics improve immune system function against pathogens via affecting innate immune system, humeral immunity and cytokines. Objective: In this research, the effects of consumption of Iranian native probiotic of Bifidobactrium bifidum (BIB2) were evaluated on athletes’ immune system functions. Methods: Fifty-six male sprint athletes aged 21 ± 3 years with weights of 78 ± 5 kg were divided into two groups, one of them r...
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - July 4, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Determination of the Primordial Radionuclide Concentrations of Agricultural Soil of Eastern Region of the Arabian Desert Using High-Resolution Gamma-Ray Spectrometry
Conclusion: All study collected sample activities and radiation parameters were found to be below maximal admissible values established in various international recommendations and standards. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - July 4, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

A Comprehensive Review on Antimicrobial Packaging and its Use in Food Packaging
Conclusion: The findings of this review confirmed the importance of different types of antimicrobial food packaging systems that could be constructed by using antimicrobial packaging materials and/or antimicrobial agents inside the package space or inside foods that could inhibit the growth of spoilage and pathogenic microorganisms, and contribute to the improvement of food safety and the extension of shelf-life. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - July 4, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Amygdalin Dilemma: Poison or Treatment?
Conclusion: This review concluded that there is no convincing evidence that amygdalin has positive effects on cancer patients. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - July 4, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Caffeine and Glucose Metabolism at Rest Period, During, and Post Exercise in Diabetes Mellitus: A Systematic Review
Conclusion: Studies included in this review concluded that caffeine might act in several ways in glucose metabolism; however, more researches are necessary to elucidate the real effects of this compound in the organism. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - July 4, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

An Overview of β-Glucan Functionality in Dairy Products
Conclusion: β-glucan can be used in dairy products in order to enhance the viability of probiotics as well as improving texture and sensory properties of these products. However, an appropriate level of this compound should be incorporated into the products based on the type of -glucan and dairy product. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - July 4, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Food Products with Mesocarp Babassu: A Review
The babassu palm is one of the most important representatives of the palm family in Brazil. The almond and mesocarp are the edible parts of the babassu, used in human food, animal and as medicine. Due to the fact that the babassu mesocarp is rich in starch and other nutrients, the objective of this work was to carry out a technological survey on the use of the mesocarp of babassu in the elaboration of food products such as biscuits, breads and cereal bars. The search for deposited patents was carried out in the databases of the National Institute of Industrial Property (INPI), the European Patent Convention (EPO), the Unit...
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - July 4, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Meet Our Editorial Board Member
(Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - July 4, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Assessment of Element Partitioning in Dairy Products: Application of Three Stage Sequential Fractionation Scheme and Metal Determination by ICP-OES
Conclusion: It was concluded that kefir is a good source of elements in dairy products and the obtained data provides information for availability. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - May 3, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Elemental Distribution and Fatty Acid Profile of Raw Goat Milk: Effect of Dietary Olive Pellets on Milk Nutritional Value
Conclusion: The results of the present study indicated that feeding the goats with olive pellets improves the quality of milk in terms of FA content. On the other hand, distribution of the elements between investigated fractions was not remarkable. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - May 3, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Measurement of Amino Acids in Some Fish Species and Studying Their Changes During Frozen Storage
Purpose: Not many studies have been done on amino acids changes during freezing storage. So, the purpose of this study was to investigate the changes of amino acids (Arg, Asp, Ala, Glu, His, Ilu, Leu, Lys, Met, Phe, Gly, Pro, Ser, Thr, Tyr, Val, Cys) in Rutilus frisii kutum (Caspian Kutum), Liza aurata (Golden Grey Mullet), Cyprinus carpio (Common Carp), Sander lucioperca (Pick perch) and Clupeonella cultriventris caspia (Common Kilka or Sprat) during frozen storage (-24 °C) in time intervals of 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 months. Design/Methodology/Approach: To study the effects of frozen storage (-24 °C) on changes of...
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - May 3, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Effects of β-glucan and Folium mori Extract Combinations in STZ-induced Diabetic Rats: Effectiveness of Various BGFM Complex Compositions in Treating Diabetes
Conclusion: The greatest synergistic effects of the BGFM complex in treating the hyperglycaemic and complicated hepatopathy and nephropathy of STZ were obtained using a BG:FM 1:4 ratio. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - May 3, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The Anticoagulant and Angiotensin I-Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitory Peptides From Tuna Cooking Juice Produced By Alcalase
Conclusion: Therefore, tuna cooking juice is a potential source of bioactive peptides production used for functional food and neutraceutical ingredients. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - May 3, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Nutritional Status of Young Women from a Textile Industrial Area of Tamil Nadu, India
Conclusion: Being underweight and/or anaemia are major public health problems among adolescent girls, irrespective of their employment status. The study findings indicate the need for inculcation of positive practice of health behaviours from childhood. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - May 3, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Antioxidative and Antiradical Activities of Bioactive Compounds of Extracts From Algerian Prickly Pear (Opuntia ficus-indica.L) Fruits
Conclusion: Cactus seeds could be a potential source of natural compounds and therapeutic agents which are useful in the prevention or treatment of diseases associated with oxidative stress. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - May 3, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Molecular Docking and Semi-Empirical Quantum Studies on Cholesterol with Cyclodextrins
Conclusion: The results show that efficient cholesterol extraction depends on the free energy calculations, which indicates that β-CDs have a strong affinity as the best host of one of several studied CDs compounds. Its covalent bond was formed in the inclusion complex of CHO- β-CDs to pack cholesterol molecules, thereby making their extraction favorable to confirm cholesterol removal. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - May 3, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Silybum marianum seeds oil attenuates CCl4-induced hepatic fibrosis via regulation of inflammatory response and oxidative stress
Conclusion: SMSO may be a potential candidate for the prevention and treatment of liver fibrosis. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - May 3, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The Immunomodulatory Potential of Cereal Grains
Inflammation is a normal response to tissue injury or infection and many chronic diseases are characterised to some extent by the presence of low-grade inflammation. Considerable interest exists in reducing chronic disease risk or managing illnesses through health-promoting dietary ingredients. Cereals are a source of macronutrients, minerals, vitamins and other micronutrients and are also known to contain a range of biologically active substances such as arabinoxylans, -glucans, cellulose, lignans, lignin, sterols, tocopherols, tocotrienols, alkylresorcinols, phenolic acids and microelements. Cereal grains displaying anti...
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - May 3, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Meet Our Editorial Board Member
(Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - May 3, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Assessment of Ochratoxin A in Commercial Corn and Wheat Products
Conclusion: In the present study significant variation in ochratoxin A content was observed in the corn and wheat samples ranging from 0-25.90 ng g-1. Further assessments in other similar products as well as conducting the required improvements in order to reduce the level of OTA were recommended. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - April 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Food Selectivity, Gastrointestinal Symptoms and Urine Organic Acids in Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Pilot Study
Conclusion: This study highlights important trends among FS, GI symptoms and select organic acid metabolites; further studies of the clinical significance of these metabolites and their effect on the behavior, sensory experiences and physical symptoms among children with ASD are suggested. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - April 6, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Supplementation with Oligonol, Prevents Weight Gain and Improves Lipid Profile in Overweight and Obese Saudi Females
Background: Obesity is a global health problem, increasing susceptibility to Type 2 Diabetes (T2DM) and Cardiovascular Disease (CVD). Varieties of products have been proposed for treatment with varying degrees of success. Recent studies, suggested Oligonol; an optimized phenolic product mixture from Lychee Fruit Polyphenols (LFP); as such treatment in Japanese population. Objectives: We aimed to investigate the effect of oligonol on weight, insulin resistance by (HOMAIR), lipids profile, leptin, Adiponectin, and resistin in healthy overweight and obese Saudi females. Subjects and Methods: 60 Saudi healthy overweight and ob...
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - April 6, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research