Salt Intake from Traditional Breads: A Public Health Challenge for Decreasing Non-communicable Diseases in Iran
Conclusion: Awareness of salt level in breads and monitoring salt use in bakeries can help update food policies and improve public lifestyle. A decrease in the ratio of salt is recommended as the major nutritional intervention for the prevention and control of NCDs. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - September 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The Effect of Feeding Date Palm Fruit (Phoeix dactylifera L.) on Energy, Macronutrient, and Fiber Intakes of a Convenient Sample of Females
Conclusion: Feeding dates affected energy, macronutrient, and fiber intakes significantly. These effects were related to the changes in menstrual hormone concentration. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - September 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Sauerkraut with the Addition of Lactobacillus casei: Effects of Salt and Sugar Concentrations on Fermentation and Antioxidant Activity
This study developed sauerkrauts with the addition of Lactobacillus casei and investigated how salt and sugar concentrations affected their fermentation and antioxidant activity. Methods: A fresh cabbage was washed and cut, before salt (1.0%; 1.5% and 2.0%) and sugar (0% and 2.0%) were added, prior to inoculation with a L. casei culture at 10% (v/w). The cabbage was then incubated at 28oC for 5 days. The controlled lactic fermentation of the cabbage without culture and sugar, but with salt at 2.5% was performed. The sauerkrauts were evaluated for total lactic acid bacteria, pH, total acidity, phenolic content and DPPH scav...
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - September 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Multi-element Analysis and Geographical Origin Classification of Italian (Calabrian) Wines
Conclusion: Experimental results demonstrated that it is possible to strictly relate, through the PCA, wines to their geographical and botanical provenance, thus becoming a useful tool for evaluating the product authenticity and guaranteeing it to the consumers. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - September 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Nutritional Analysis and Overall Diet Quality of Fresh and Sun-dried Mystus bleekeri
Conclusion: The present experiment showed that after frying, minerals and fatty acids content exhibited higher concentration in both fresh and sun-dried M. bleekeri which is good for human health. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - September 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Antioxidant Properties of Avicennia marina Leaf Extract in Soybean Oil System
Conclusion: Due to the presence of phenols in the leaves, Avicennia marina leaf extract can be used as a rich source of natural antioxidants. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - September 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

A Review on Opuntia Species and its Chemistry, Pharmacognosy, Pharmacology and Bioapplications
Conclusion: Different parts of Opuntia plant (fruits, seeds, flowers and cladodes) are used in various health problems which include wound healing, anti-inflammatory and urinary tract infection from ancient times. Nowadays, researches have extended several pharmacological and therapeutic uses of Opuntia species as discussed in this review. Many in-vitro and in-vivo models are also discussed in this review as the proofs of research findings. Various research gaps have been observed in current studies that require attention in the future. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - September 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Gums from Indigenous Plants of Iran: A Review on Physicochemical, Rheological and Functional Properties
Conclusion: The results of this review study demonstrate that the highlighted gums are commonly used as dietary fibers, thickening agents, emulsifiers, stabilizers and drug delivery agents. The general appearance of gums varies from dark-brown to whitish in color. At various concentrations, pH and ionic strengths, aqueous dispersions show great variations in their rheological behavior. In conclusion, industrial applications of these gums are possible as a result of their strong thickening properties. Additionally, significant surface activity and emulsification capacity enable their application in the food, pharmaceutical ...
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - September 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Effects of Minor Compounds of Edible Oils on Human Health
Conclusion: The results of this study showed that the presence of beneficial minor compounds in oils could have a significant impact on the prevention and treatment of various diseases. Therefore, the type of consumed oil can play an important role in human health. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - September 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Ultra-high Temperature (UHT) Processing: Technological Significance and Updates
Conclusion: Raw milk is easily contaminated with pathogens and microbes and hence its consumption of raw milk is associated with certain ill health effects. Therefore, heating milk before consumption is strongly suggested. Thus, UHT treatment of milk is done to ensure microbial safety and also to extend the shelf life of this highly perishable commodity. Heating milk at such a high temperature is often associated with the change of organoleptic properties like change in flavor or cooked flavor, rancidity due to microbes or acid flavor, etc. But UHT treatment does not substantially decrease the nutritional value or any othe...
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - September 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Current Evidence on the Effect of Dietary Polyphenols Intake on Brain Health
Conclusion: Evolving indications suggest that dietary polyphenols may exercise beneficial actions on the central nervous system, thus representing a possible tool to preserve cognitive performance. Key questions to improve the coherence and reproducibility in the development of polyphenols as a possible future therapeutic drug require a better understanding of the sources of polyphenols, their treatment and more standardized tests including bioavailability of bioactive metabolites and studies of permeability of the brain. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - September 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Kluyveromyces marxianus as a Probiotic Yeast: A Mini-review
Conclusion: It can be concluded that K. marxianus may be considered as a probiotic micro organism with a variety of commercial and medical applications. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - September 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Biological Activity of MelAnnurca Flesh Apple Biophenols
Conclusion: These results give new insights for future implementation of the production chain of the Annurca apple in the area of Campania, Southern Italy. However, although evidence to support the health benefits of MelAnnurca apple polyphenols is rapidly accumulating, further human studies may be needed before the public is convinced and willing to incorporate the apple Annurca into their diet, accepting the idea that the integration of polyphenols has a beneficial effect on the health of the human body. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - September 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Meet Our Editorial Board Member
(Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - September 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Nutritional Composition and Qualitative Phytochemical Analysis of Chia Seeds (Salvia hispanica L.) Grown in East Africa
Conclusion: Both black and white chia seeds grown in East Africa, observed to have high amounts of α-linolenic acid, proteins, fats, fiber, and minerals. These findings support the evidence that chia is rich in nutrients that are beneficial to human health. Therefore, we suggest its incorporation in diets as a healthy food ingredient. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - July 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Melissopalynological, Physicochemical, Antimicrobial and Microbiological Attributes of Commercial Honeys from North West Nigeria
Conclusion: The fallouts of microbiological investigation of the samples revealed mould and bacteria, with counts less than 102CFU/g. The findings showed that the attributes of the tested honey samples maintained criteria of international standards. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - July 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Quality Characteristics and Acceptability of Chin-chin Prepared from Rice and High Quality Cassava Composite Flour
Conclusion: In conclusion, it was observed that acceptable chin-chin could be prepared from rice and the high-quality cassava composite flour. Acceptable chin-chin samples could be produced optimally from rice-high quality cassava composite flour in a ratio of 60 to 40. However, it was also observed that chin-chin samples from 100% rice flour had the highest overall consumer acceptability and were more preferred by the consumers when compared with chin-chin samples from rice and the high-quality cassava composite flour. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - July 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Dietary Intake of Mycotoxin Susceptible Foods by Brazilian Nursing Mothers
Conclusion: The study revealed that Brazilian nursing mothers frequently consume foods susceptible to mycotoxin contamination, especially wheat and its by-products. Brazilian health, environmental and agriculture authorities should pay permanent attention by applying monitoring programs to grains and cereals - both imported and domestically produced - as they are highly susceptible to fungi and mycotoxin contamination, which can be transferred to infants via breastfeeding, apart from harming the general population health. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - July 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Dietary Patterns in Underprivileged Indian Children and Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes
Background: Children with diabetes are likely to have different food and nutrient composition due to dietary restrictions. Studies on dietary intakes in Indian underprivileged children with Type1 diabetes are scarce. Objective: To study dietary patterns and nutrient intakes of underprivileged children and adolescents with type1 diabetes in comparison with their healthy siblings. Methods: Cross-sectional study, diet assessed by 24-h recall on 3-non-consecutive days in 120 children with type1 diabetes (11.2 ± 3.8 yrs) and 65-age-gender matched healthy siblings. Dietary patterns determined by cluster analysis. Nutrient...
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - July 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Effect of Gamma Radiation to Cope with Post-harvest Losses and Nutritional Components in Guava (Psidium guajava L.)
Conclusion: Hence this study was helpful in optimizing the dose of gamma radiation for our commonly grown guava cultivars to enhance their shelf life. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - July 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Production of Rhamnolipid Biosurfactant from Fed Batch Culture by Pseudomonas aeruginosa using Multiple Substrates
Objective: Biosurfactants are the surface active agents which are used for the reduction of surface and interfacial tensions of liquids. Rhamnolipids are the surfactants produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. It requires minimum nutrition for its growth as it can also grow in distilled water. The rhamnolipids produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa are extra-cellular glycolipids consisting of L-rhamnose and 3-hydroxyalkanoic acid. Methods: The fed-batch method for the rhamnolipid production is considered in this study to know the influence of the carbon, nitrogen, phosphorous substrates as growth-limiting nutrients. Pulse feeding ...
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - July 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

A Holistic View to Develop Descriptive Sheets for Argentinean Clover and Eucalyptus Unifloral Honey
Conclusion: An holistic analysis of all these properties allows to determine quality and certification of Argentinean eucalyptus and clover unifloral honey. The intervals of variation of selected palynological, physicochemical and sensory variables gathered in the descriptive sheets allow us to decide whether or not a sample of honey can be classified as belonging to one of these floral origins. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - July 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Chemical Properties, Qualitative Parameters and Antioxidant Activity of Virgin Oil Obtained from Olea europaea Linn cultivar Zard Cultivated in Three Different Regions of Iran (Roudbar, Shiraz and Dezful)
Conclusion: Results of this investigation indicated that there was a direct relation between antioxidant activity and antioxidant content. Also, climatic difference in cultivation regions was a reason of significant difference in the properties of ZR, ZS and ZD oils. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - July 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Optimizing Modifiable and Lifestyle-related Factors in the Prevention of Dementia Disorders with Special Reference to Alzheimer, Parkinson and Autism Diseases
Dementia is a syndrome and an umbrella term that encompasses Alzheimer, Parkinson and autism diseases. These diseases are by far the most common cause of dementia; therefore this investigation will chiefly include these disorders, with a limited discussion of few other disorders related to dementia. Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is characterized by the accumulation of cerebral β-amyloid plaques, tau proteins and memory loss; Parkinson by the deterioration of brain cells which regulate the movement of body parts and produce dopamine; and autism by abnormalities of social disorder and difficulty in communicating and fo...
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - July 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Microencapsulation: A Prospective to Protect Probiotics
Probiotics are viable microorganisms widely used for their claimed beneficial effects on the host health. A wide number of researchers proved that the intake of probiotic bacteria has numerous health benefits which created a big market of probiotic foods worldwide. The biggest challenge in the development of these products is to maintain the viability of bacterial cells during the storage of the product as well as throughout the gastrointestinal tract transit after consumption, so that the claimed health benefits can be delivered to the consumer. Different approaches have been proposed for increasing the resistance of thes...
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - July 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Gastric Dystemperament (Sue-mizaj) in Iranian Traditional Medicine
Conclusion: Iranian Traditional Medicine sources have mentioned the indicators of gastric dystemperament, which can be used for more effective diagnosis and treatment and even prevention of gastric diseases. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - July 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

A Review on Approaches of Edible Coating as Potential Packaging for Meat, Poultry and Seafood
The World population is increasing continuously and to fulfil the requirement of future generation food supply needs to be increased. Food availability and accessibility can be increased by increasing production, improving distribution, and reducing the losses. To achieve the goal of improving the quality of food products, the use of synthetic packaging films has increased and this has led to serious ecological problems due to their non-biodegradability. Amongst other alternatives to replace the use of synthetic packaging, the application of biodegradable films and coatings has shown promising results. The aim of this arti...
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - July 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Foods: A Critical Review
Conclusion: Conclusively, taking into consideration the sources of PAHs generation, adequate process and quality control of the processed foods could be a veritable mean to reduce PAHs ingestion in foods. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - July 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Dietary Modifications in Fissure-in-ano: A Qualitative Study Based on Persian Medicine
Conclusion: An integrative approach is recommended employing both Persian and modern medicine for AF. There have been some evidence in this regard, however standardized clinical trials are required for future research. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - July 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Post-harvest Attributes of Muskmelon (Cucumis melo): A Mini Review on the Potential of Value Addition
Cucumis melo is a climacteric melon known for its peculiar musky aroma and sweet taste. It gained its popularity as thirst-quenching and refreshing fruit. Muskmelon is one of the commercially important fruit cultivated throughout the world in temperate, tropical and subtropical regions. The fruit shape may be round to oval, tan or straw coloured with netted peel. The flesh color may be white or orange. Muskmelon with yellow-orange coloured pulp with a network of intertwining green veins at the outside are highly preferred. Maturity stages of muskmelon are classified into 5 types and usually harvested at a maturity stage ca...
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - July 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Dietary Carotenoids in Managing Metabolic Syndrome and Role of PPARs in the Process
Metabolic syndrome is a collective term that denotes disorder in metabolism, symptoms of which include hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, and endothelial dysfunction. Diet is a major predisposing factor in the development of metabolic syndrome, and dietary intervention is necessary for both prevention and management. The bioactive constituents of food play a key role in this process. Micronutrients such as vitamins, carotenoids, amino acids, flavonoids, minerals, and aromatic pigment molecules found in fruits, vegetables, spices, and condiments are known to have beneficial effects in preventing and managing metab...
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - July 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Meet Our Editorial Board Member
(Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - July 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Importance of Pharmacist in Oxaliplatin Hepatotoxicity Associated with Inadequate Nutritional Diet: Case Report
A 40 years old male with colorectal cancer, with an unbalanced hypercaloric diet, attempted, on his own initiative, to gain weight, without nutritional follow-up, during chemotherapy treatment with oxaliplatin protocols, without pharmaceutical guidance. When initiating the new protocol, with oxaliplatin/irinotecan combination therapy, he presented symptomatology suggestive of hepatic injury during the administration of oxaliplatin. When performing a Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the total abdomen, hepatic nodules were identified indicating lesions resulting from the chemotherapy treatment, and blood tests indicated Asparta...
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - July 14, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The Effect of Vitamin C Supplementation on Cardiac Enzymes After Coronary Artery Bypass Graft: A Double-blind Randomized Control Trial
Background: Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) is associated with oxidative stress and tissue damage. Vitamin C, as an antioxidant agent, has an important role in attenuating the oxidative stress damage and might have cardio-protective effects after CABG. We aimed to evaluate the probable roles of vitamin C supplementation in cardiac biomarkers after CABG. Methods: In this randomized control trial, 122 patients undergoing CABG were randomly assigned to the intervention (n=54) and control group (n=68) and received vitamin C (2 g intravenously) or placebo, respectively. The surgical methods of the patients in the two groups...
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - July 14, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) Extract Affects Plasma Lipid Metabolism and Hepatic Macrophage Infiltration in Diabetic Rats
Conclusion: These data suggest that SE treatment may affect plasma lipid metabolism and chronic inflammation by upregulating phosphorylation of AMPK and ACC in diabetic rat livers. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - July 14, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Dietary Exposure of Heavy Metals, Minerals and Trace Elements through Cereals Commonly Consumed by Dhaka City Residents
Conclusion: As the main meal of average Bangladeshi people is boiled rice served with some vegetables, our findings indicate that the residents of Dhaka city are at risk from Pb and Cr contamination and their dietary need for some important minerals and trace elements is not fulfilled by cereals. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - July 14, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Determination of Phenolic Compounds’ Extraction Conditions from Pistacia palaestina Leaves at Two Different Stages of Maturity
Conclusion: Phenolic compounds could be extracted in a short time at a low temperature and could be used as natural antioxidant agents. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - July 14, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Evaluation of Health Promoting Minerals of A. squamosa L. Based Products
Conclusion: The results obtained suggest that these underutilized fruits could greatly add in the improvement of the nutrition of consumers and promote good human health. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - July 14, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Trial of Available Energy Evaluation of Highly Cross-linked Starch and Modified Cellulose Based on Breath H2 Excretion
Conclusion: The available energies were evaluated to be 0 kcal/g for HCPS-N and 1 kcal/g for MC in healthy humans. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - July 14, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Determination and Evaluation of Natural and Synthetic Dyes in Traditional Rock Candies (Nabat) Distributed in Tehran
Conclusion: The high percentage of synthetic food color usage in unorganized sectors urges the necessity to control them, especially the incorporation of synthetic food dyes in Nabat. Therefore, the training providers and consumers and the monitoring of the production, have encouraged the manufacturers to develop and deploy health professionals and health license. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - July 14, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Does the Vitamin D Deficiency Have Any Role in Severity or Prolongation of Seizure? A Pilot Study in Iran
Background: Based on previous studies, vitamin D deficiency could lead to nerve stimulation. The purpose of the present study was to determine frequency and duration of seizures in children with idiopathic epilepsy in two groups; normal level of vitamin D versus decreased level of vitamin D. Methods: This pilot, comparative study was carried out in Zanjan University of Medical Sciences on total 40 children aging between 2 to 12 years old (23 male and 17 female) with the diagnosis of idiopathic epilepsy. All patients were receiving anti-epileptic drugs. The initial questionnaire was completed by each parent. Total 40 epilep...
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - July 14, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The Comparative Amount of Acrylamide in Tahdig Prepared with the Most Common Edible Liquid and Solid Oils
Conclusion: This study clearly demonstrated the involvement of the kind of oils in the formation of acrylamide in the tahdig of bread. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - July 14, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Nutritional and Bioactive Components of Carioca Common Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) Tempeh and Yellow Soybean (Glycine max L.) Tempeh
Conclusion: It can thus be concluded that tempeh based on carioca common beans can be an interesting alternative for stored grains, with good sensorial and functional properties and making an important nutritional contribution to the diet. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - July 14, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Screening of Salmonella enterica Serovars, Typhi, Typhimurium, and Enteritidis in Raw Milk and Dairy Products in South-Khorasan, Iran: Conventional versus Molecular Method
Background and Objective: Food-borne Salmonellosis has been reported as the second most common bacterial infection. Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serotype enteritidis (S. Enteritidis) and S. enterica subsp. enterica serotype typhimurium (S. Typhimurium) are the most common serotypes worldwide as salmonellosis agents. Salmonella yyphi is the causative agent of typhoid fever worldwide. The purpose of the present study was to determine the contamination rate of raw milk and dairy products to Salmonella typhi, S. typhimurium and S. Enteritidis in South-Khorasan, Iran. It is very important in food safety risk assessment a...
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - July 14, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Extending the Shelf-life of Whole-wheat Flour by Gamma Irradiation and Organoleptic Characteristics of Cakes Made with Irradiated Flour
Conclusion: By applying a dose of 5 kGy irradiation, the shelf-life of flour can be longer, with inconsiderable organoleptic changes of baked cakes. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - July 14, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Effect of Fortification with Snail Meat Powder on Physicochemical Properties and Shelf-life of Sorghum-wheat Buns
Conclusion: Buns composited with snail meat powder showed a considerable potential to be used as protein rich foods in preventing protein energy malnutrition among young children. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - July 14, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Association Between Magnesium and Oxidative Stress in Patients with Obesity
Conclusion: Patients with obesity showed a reduced dietary magnesium intake which seems to induce hypomagnesuria as a compensatory mechanism. The marker of oxidative stress evaluated in this study was not influenced by magnesium. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - July 14, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Biomarkers of Cardiovascular Risk in Obese Women and their Relationship with Zinc Status
Background: Excessive adipose tissue, in the case of common obesity, has been associated with an endocrine-metabolic alteration that contributes to a manifestation of dyslipidemia. To identify mechanisms which are involved in disorders of lipid metabolism, several nutrients have been studied, especially zinc, which act by regulating transcription factors that are important for synthesis and oxidation of lipids and act as an anti-inflammatory and antioxidant nutrient. Thus, the study makes an assessment of the zinc status and biomarkers of cardiovascular risk in obese women. Methods: A case-control study enrolling obese (bo...
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - July 14, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Momordica charantia Seed and Aryl Extracts Potentiate Growth Inhibition and Apoptosis by Dual Blocking of PI3K/AKT and MAPK Pathways as a Downstream Target of EGFR Signaling in Breast Cancer Cells
Conclusion: The current study clearly demonstrates that the Momordica charantia aryl and seed extracts have the potential to exert its cytotoxic effect on breast cancer cells by a mechanism involving inhibition of EGFR and EGRF related pathways with the induction of apoptosis. The overall finding demonstrates that this plant, especially seed extract, could be a potential source of new anticancer compounds for possible drug development against cancer. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - July 14, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Effects of Hot Air and Microwave Drying on the Phenolic Components and Physicochemical Properties of Unripe Grapes (Qoura)
Conclusion: The results of the present study revealed that the drying method affects the amount of polyphenolic compounds and physicochemical properties. (Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science)
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - July 14, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research