The Deadly Quartet (Covid-19, old age, lung disease, and heart failure) explain why coronavirus-related mortality in northern Italy was so high.
Authors: Calcaterra G, Bassareo PP, Barilla F, Sergi D, Chiocchi M, Romeo F, Mehta JL Abstract Since its outbreak in China at the end of 2019, the new coronavirus disease (COVID-19) was characterized by both easy spreading and high mortality. The latter proved to be way more elevated in the North of Italy -with a peak of 18.4% in region Lombardia and even 31% in the city of Bergamo and surrounding county- than in the rest of the world. In an attempt of conceptualizing the reasons for a so dramatic situation, four key elements have been identified: COVID-19 itself, old age, lung disease, and heart failure. Their har...
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - August 2, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research

Atrial Remodeling in Atrial Fibrillation. Comorbidities and Markers of Disease Progression Predict Catheter Ablation Outcome.
Authors: Szilágyi J, Sághy L Abstract Atrial fibrillation is the most common supraventricular arrhythmia affecting an increasing proportion of the population in which the mainstream therapy, catheter ablation provides freedom from arrhythmia for only a limited number of patients. Understanding the mechanism is key in order to find more effective therapies and to improve patient selection. In this review, we will detail the structural and electrophysiological changes of the atrial musculature that constitute atrial remodeling in atrial fibrillaton and how risk factors and markers of disease progression...
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - July 25, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research

Evaluation and Management of Asymptomatic Bradyarrhythmias.
Authors: Çinier G, Haseeb S, Bazoukis G, Yeung C, Gül EE Abstract Asymptomatic bradyarrhythmias involving sinus node dysfunction and atrioventicular blocks are frequently noted in clinical practice. Its prevalence is expected to rise as devices that are developed for monitoring cardiac rhythm for longer duration become more widely available. Episodes of bradyarrhythmia that are asymptomatic are considered to have a benign course compared with those that cause symptoms, and do not necessitate further treatment. However, in certain cases, they can be a harbinger of future symptoms or cardiac manifestation...
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - July 25, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research

The Wenckebach Phenomenon .
Authors: Hansom SP, Golian M, Green MS Abstract Medicine has many great pioneers, and in 1899, one such pioneer - Karel Frederik Wenckebach made a discovery which, even to this day, remains one of the fundamental concepts within electrophysiology. Since the Wenckebach Phenomenon was first described, the field of electrophysiology has developed at a rapid pace, allowing us to observe this behaviour, and its complexities, in many new ways. In a similar way, this chapter will illustrate Wenckebach behaviour across a spectrum of modalities from the 12 lead ECG, through to the intra-cardiac recordings from both electrop...
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - July 20, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research

Left Ventricular Noncompaction: New Insights into a Poorly Understood Disease.
This article sets out to review the main characteristics of the LVNC and present updates, especially in the genetic pattern, diagnosis and treatment of the disease. PMID: 32674738 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Current Cardiology Reviews)
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - July 19, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research

Right Bundle Branch Block: Current Considerations.
Authors: Ikeda T Abstract RBBB, a pattern seen on the 12-lead ECG, results when normal electrical activity in the His-Purkinje system is interrupted by some reason. The normal sequence of activation is altered in RBBB, with a resultant characteristic appearance on the ECG manifest by a widened QRS complex and changes in the directional vectors of the R and S waves. This ECG pattern is often seen in clinical practice and generally regarded as benign. The anatomy, epidemiology, causes, symptoms, ECG findings and diagnosis, differential diagnosis in ECG, treatment, complications, prognosis, with respect to RBBB is out...
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - July 10, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research

Fascicular Blocks: Update 2019.
Authors: Elizari MV Abstract Many advances in the knowledge of the medical science are due to the observation of an unknown phenomenon that remains an open question. A plausible hypothesis must be demonstrated and proved through a scientific method in order to be accepted by the scientific community and the same results must be reached by following either the same of different techniques. The original case described by Rosenbaum MB et al in this review was the trigger of a series of anatomic and physiologic investigations with clinical and experimental observations that supported the trifascicular nature of the int...
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - July 10, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research

Conduction Disorders in the Setting of Acute STEMI.
Authors: Nikus K, Birnbaum Y, Fiol-Sala M, Rankinen J, de Luna AB Abstract ST-elevation myocardial (STEMI) is frequently associated with conduction disorders. Regional myocardial ischemia or injury may affect the cardiac conduction system at various locations, and neural reflexes or changes in the balance of the autonomous nervous system may be involved. Sinoatrial and atrioventricular block are more frequent in inferior than anterior STEMI, while new left anterior fascicular block and right bundle branch block indicate proximal occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery. New left bundle branch block...
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - July 3, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research

COVID-19 pandemic and the impact on the cardiovascular disease patient care.
Authors: Kulkarni P, Mahadevappa M, Alluri S Abstract The COVID-19 pandemic has emerged as a serious global threat causing a large number of fatalities and putting enormous strain on the health care resources across the world. This has resulted in preferentially triaging the coronavirus infected patients and placing others, especially cardiovascular patients at increased risk for adverse complications. The effective management of cardiac patients in the hospital environment during this COVID-19 pandemic has emerged as a real challenge. We try to address this issue and also highlight the interplay between COVID-19 a...
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - June 23, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research

Endothelial Dysfunction and Coronary Vasoreactivity - a review of the history, physiology, diagnostic techniques and clinical relevance.
Authors: Gunawardena T, Merinopoulos I, Wickramarachchi U, Vassiliou V, Eccleshall S Abstract The fervency for advancement and evolution in percutaneous coronary intervention has revolutionised the treatment of coronary artery disease. Historically, the focus of the interventional cardiologist was directed at the restoration of luminal patency of the major epicardial coronary arteries, yet whilst this approach is evolving with a much greater utilisation of physiological assessment, it often neglects consideration of the role of the coronary microcirculation which has been shown to clearly influence prognosis. In th...
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - June 20, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research

Antiplatelet Therapy And Percutaneous Coronary Interventions.
Authors: Davanzo RH, Alarcon AF, Calquin JQ, Varela PS, Sepulveda AM, Herreros RC, Patel S, Rodriguez GM Abstract Dual antiplatelet therapy is one of the cornerstones of modern percutaneous coronary interventions. The development of new therapeutic agents has significantly reduced ischemic events at the risk of increased bleeding complications. Therefore, efforts are currently focused on optimizing therapeutic algorithms to obtain the greatest anti-thrombotic benefit associated with the lowest risk of bleeding, that is, the greater net clinical benefit. A significant number of trials evaluating different drug combi...
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - June 17, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research

Spontaneous Biliary Pericardial Tamponade: A Case Report and Literature Review.
Conclusion: Biliary pericardial tamponade is a rare form of tamponade that warrants a prompt workup (e.g., Hepatobiliary Iminodiacetic Acid - HIDA scan) for an iatrogenic vs. traumatic pericardio-biliary fistula. As a first case in the literature, our case exhibits a biliary tamponade in the absence of an identifiable fistula. PMID: 32525780 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Current Cardiology Reviews)
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - June 13, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research

A Comprehensive Systemic Literature review of Pericardial Decompression Syndrome: Often Unrecognized and Potentially Fatal Syndrome.
Authors: Amro A, Mansoor K, Amro M, Sobeih A, Suliman M, Okoro K, El-Hamdani Ms R, Vilchez D, El-Hamdani M, Shweihat YR Abstract BACKGROUND: Pericardial Decompression Syndrome (PDS) is defined as paradoxical hemodynamic deterioration and/or pulmonary edema, commonly associated with ventricular dysfunction. This phenomenon was first described by Vandyke in 1983. PDS is a rare but formidable complication of pericardiocentesis which if not managed appropriately is fatal. PDS as an entity has dispersed literature; this review is to understand its epidemiology, presentation, and management. METHODOLOGY: Medline: Sci...
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - June 10, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research

The COVID-19 Pandemic: A Challenge for the Cardiovascular Health.
Authors: Crisafulli A, Pagliaro P PMID: 32463005 [PubMed] (Source: Current Cardiology Reviews)
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - May 30, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research

Hydralazine-Induced ANCA Associated Vasculitis (AAV) Presenting with Pulmonary-Renal Syndrome (PRS): A Case Report with Literature Review.
Authors: Battisha A, Doughem K, Sheikh O, Konduru L, Madoukh B, Al-Sadawi M, Shaikh S Abstract Hydralazine, an arterial vasodilator, is a widely used medication for the management of hypertension and heart failure, especially for patients who cannot tolerate the use of ACEIs or ARBs. It is generally well tolerated and has safe profile in pregnancy. However, hydralazine can induce immune mediated side effects, such as hydralazine-induced lupus and less commonly hydralazine-induced ANCA vasculitis. 2 The latter most commonly affects the kidneys with or without other organ involvement. There are several cases reported...
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - May 20, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research

Association between Omentin-1 and Coronary Artery Disease: Pathogenesis and Clinical Research.
Authors: Askin L, Duman H, Ozyıldız A, Tanriverdi O, Turkmen S Abstract Like other adipokines, omentin-1 is secreted from visceral adipose tissue and plays a vital role in the development of chronic inflammatory diseases, including cardiovascular events. Recent studies have shown that circulating omentin-1 levels are associated with various metabolic risk factors, such as high blood pressure, increased waist circumference, dyslipidemia, and glucose intolerance. The decrease in serum omentin level is an independent predictor of coronary artery disease (CAD) and is associated with the severity of this disease. Sinc...
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - May 13, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research

What could be the most advantageous therapeutic approach to avoid both arterial and venous thrombosis in hyperhomocysteinemia?
Authors: Cacciapuoti F Abstract Dear Editor, Thrombophilia is the tendency to form blood clots both in arteries and veins [1]. Inherited and acquired high plasma homocysteine (HHcy) levels are judged as thrombophilic agents because can induce both arterial and venous thrombosis [2-5]. But, the association of hHHcy with Venous Thromboembolism (VTE) has been studied less extensively than that with arterial thrombosis. Some causes are responsible for this, such as Endothelial Dysfunction (ED). Several mechanisms have been suggested explaining HHcy-induced ED. Among these are included: nitric oxide (NO) inhibition due ...
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - May 13, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research

Conduction Disorders: the value of Surface ECG.
CONCLUSION: Surface ECG allows the diagnosis of atrioventricular and intraventricular conduction disorder and its anatomical block site most of the time, without the need for invasive tests such as electrophysiological study. Dysfunctions of cardiac implantable electronic devices can be diagnosed by ECG, as well as the prediction of response to cardiac resynchronization therapy. PMID: 32392118 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Current Cardiology Reviews)
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - May 13, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research

Recently approved and under investigation drugs for treating patients with heart failure.
Authors: Castro-Torres Y, Katholi RE Abstract Heart failure (HF) represents a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Despite the recent advances in the treatment of this condition, patients´ prognosis remains unfavorable in most cases. Sacubitril/valsartan and ivabradine have been recently approved to improve clinical outcomes in patients with HF with reduced ejection fraction. Drugs under investigation for treating patients with HF encompass many novel mechanisms including vasoactive peptides, blocking inflammatory-mediators, natriuretic peptides, selective nonsteroidal mineralocorticoid-recepto...
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - May 1, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research

Acute Myocardial Infarction In Systemic Mastocytosis: Case Report With Literature Review Of The Role Of Inflammatory Process In Acute Coronary Syndrome.
Authors: Battisha A, Sawalha K, Madoukh B, Sheikh O, Doughem K, Al-Akchar M, Al-Sadawi M, Shaikh S Abstract Systemic Mastocytosis (SM) is a disorder of excessive mast cell infiltration in multiple organ tissues. Atherosclerosis is a major risk factor for developing acute coronary syndrome [1]. In addition to lipid accumulation in the arterial wall, inflammation plays an important role in the pathogenesis of plaque rupture and activating the thrombosis cascade [2]. The Mast cells contribution to plaque destabilization has been well established in multiple animal and human studies [3]. In a recent study, SM has been ...
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - April 3, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research

Symptoms in Dilating Venous Disease.
Authors: Yetkin E, Ozturk S, Cuglan B, Turhan H Abstract Lower extremity venous diseases or insufficiency include clinically deteriorating conditions with morphological and functional alterations of the venous system including venous hypertension, vascular wall structural abnormality, and venous valvar incompetency in association with a inflammatory process . In fact the same pathophysiological processes are the main underlying mechanisms of other venous insufficiencies in different vascular territories such as varicocele, pelvic varicosities or congestion syndrome and hemorrhoids.Regarding the anatomical continuit...
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - March 15, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research

The Value of the Surface ECG for the Diagnosis and Management of Lyme Carditis.
Authors: Yeung C, Al-Turki M, Baranchuk A Abstract Lyme carditis (LC) is an early-disseminated manifestation of Lyme disease, most commonly presenting as high-degree atrioventricular block (AVB). The degree of AVB can fluctuate rapidly within minutes, and progression to third-degree AVB is potentially fatal if not recognized and managed promptly. However, the AVB in LC is often transient, and usually resolves with appropriate antibiotic therapy. LC should be on the differential diagnosis in young patients presenting with new high-degree AVB and factors that increase the index of suspicion for Lyme disease. The Susp...
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - March 15, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research

Management of Cardiogenic Shock Due To Thyrotoxicosis: A Systematic Literature Review.
CONCLUSION: Patients presenting with thyroid storm-induced shock may not be suitable candidates for traditional management with β-adrenergic blockers (β-blockers). Use of β-blockers could exasperate their condition. Through extensive literature review on this rare condition, the most effective management was found to be therapeutic plasma exchange in order to decrease thyroid hormone levels, which have direct toxic effect on the heart. Furthermore, the use of ECMO and Impella are advised to reduce pressure on the heart and ensure the patient's organs are well oxygenated and perfused while the left ventricle ...
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - March 15, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research

Cardiovascular Effects of Metabolic Surgery on Type 2 Diabetes.
CONCLUSION: MS is beneficial where the main aim is to attain a significant and long-lasting weight loss results. The RCTs have depicted the superiority which surgical mechanisms hold over medically based therapy, for enhancing glycaemic control, and achieving remission of diabetes. This type of surgery improves life quality, reduces incidences of other obesity and diabetes relating diseases like microvascular illness, sleep apnea, fatal disorder, and fatty liver disease. PMID: 32077829 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Current Cardiology Reviews)
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - February 21, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research

Association Between Sarcopenic Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome in Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
CONCLUSION: No higher prevalence of Mets among individuals with SO when compared to those with obesity only, nor a significant association between SO and higher risk of Mets was found. PMID: 32056530 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Current Cardiology Reviews)
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - February 16, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research

Use of social media at cardiovascular congresses: Opportunities for education and dissemination.
The objective of this paper is to: 1) highlight the impact of using Twitter at cardiovascular congresses as an interactive platform for active learning as compared to passively listening to a presentation; 2) present perspectives from not only clinicians, researchers but also patients on how this information is interpreted; 3) provide recommendations for conference organizers for best practice live tweeting to share the information and knowledge beyond those in attendance; with potential for not only engagement but also educating our global community.. PMID: 32026782 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Current Cardiology Reviews)
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - February 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research

Women in Cardiology: Role of Social Media in Advocacy.
Authors: Patel H, Volgma AS Abstract Digital and social media have transformed the field of medicine. They are powerful tools that academic and non-academic physicians and healthcare providers are using to influence others, promote ideas, obtain knowledge, disseminate research and communicate with others. The history of advocacy for women in medicine and the role of social media in influencing the choice of women to choose Cardiology as a career and its role in advocacy for women in cardiology (WIC) have been reviewed. It has changed the way cardiologists learn, educate, and interact with each other. Social media h...
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - February 6, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research

Best Practices of Social Media for the Clinician.
Authors: Alasnag M, Ahmed W, Mamas M Abstract Over recent years, social media use has substantially expanded not only for millennials, but across all generations. Today, it no longer remains a means for simple social networking. It has evolved into a powerful tool that can be used for career development, continuing professional development and global professional engagement. Medical professionals, have employed social media platforms to search for job opportunities, advertise meetings, participate in case discussions and network with the medical community at large. However, there are caveats that limit its widespre...
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - January 31, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research

Takotsubo Syndrome: Clinical Manifestations, Etiology and Pathogenesis.
Authors: Prokudina ES, Kurbatov BK, Zavadovsky KV, Vrublevsky AV, Naryzhnaya NV, Lishmanov YB, Maslov LN, Oeltgen PR Abstract The purpose of the review is the analysis of clinical and experimental data on the etiology and pathogenesis of takotsubo syndrome (TS). TS is characterized by contractile dysfunction, which usually affects the apical region of the heart, lack of coronary artery obstruction, moderate increase in myocardial necrosis markers, prolonged QTc interval (in 50% of patients), sometimes elevation of ST segment (in 19% of patients), increase N-Terminal Pro-B-Type Natriuretic Peptide level, microvascul...
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - January 31, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research

Cardiac amyloid - a hidden contributor to cardiac dysfunction following cardiac surgery: Case report and literature review.
We present two patients who underwent cardiac surgery followed by post-operative low cardiac output, diastolic dysfunction and resistance to inotropic support. Despite aggressive medical management, both patients died. At autopsy the hearts were enlarged and showed previously undiagnosed myocardial and vascular amyloidosis. Occult cardiac amyloidosis is an uncommon, often occult, contributor to post-operative complications post cardiac surgery. Pre-operative or intra-operative myocardial biopsy may be useful in patients with unexplained diastolic dysfunction. PMID: 31858904 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: ...
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - December 22, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research

Chilling-Like Attacks Terminated by Slow Pathway Ablation.
Authors: Yetkin G, Ozturk S, Yetkin E Abstract Symptoms of patients or the way of presenting complaints by the patients may be indefinite, obscure or misleading for the diagnosis of supraventricular tachycardia. The content of the history shows variability depending on the presenting symptoms, patient concerns and priority. Herein, we report an unusual case of a young woman suffering from chilling-like attacks for one and half years and treated by slow pathway ablation. PMID: 31830887 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Current Cardiology Reviews)
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - December 15, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research

Severe OSA leading to long pauses in 24-h Holter ECG reversed with CPAP.
Authors: Mukhopadhyay M, Roy S, Bera M, Bhattacharya G Abstract Sleep-related problems and obesity are steadily increasing due to sedentary lifestyle, intake of junk food, and certain genetic predisposition. Thus, the burden of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is elevated, and associated complications cause work-time loss, leading to an economic burden on the society. Early diagnosis can prevent several complications of OSA, and the condition can be corrected by stabilizing the glycemic status of an individual. Cardiovascular diseases, including various arrhythmias, arising due to OSA are previously described. Herein,...
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - December 12, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research

Social Media in Heart Failure: A Mixed Methods Systematic Review.
CONCLUSIONS: Twitter and YouTube are platforms for knowledge translation in HF, with contributions from institutions, health professionals, and less commonly, patients. Both focus largely on education of professionals and less commonly, on patient empowerment. Twitter includes more research promotion, research collaboration, and professional advocacy than YouTube. PMID: 31820703 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Current Cardiology Reviews)
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - December 12, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research

Usefulness of Biomarkers for Predicting Response to Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy.
Authors: Asgardoon MH, Vasheghani-Farahani A, Sherafati A Abstract Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is an effective treatment strategy for heart failure. However, some patients do not response properly to this treatment. In this review, the role of different biomarkers in predicting response to CRT is discussed. Some biomarkers including natriuretic peptides and inflammatory markers have promising results but further trials are needed for more evaluation. PMID: 31822259 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Current Cardiology Reviews)
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - December 12, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research

Dose-Related Effects Of Resveratrol In Different Models Of Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension: Systematic Review.
CONCLUSION: The results showed that resveratrol, at low and high doses, protects in a dose-dependent manner against the development of PAH induced through monocrotaline, normoxia and hypoxia models. In addition to having chemopreventive, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and antiproliferative properties. In the case of PAH-related myocardial injury, resveratrol protects cells from apoptosis, thus working as an antiapoptotic agent. PMID: 31797762 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Current Cardiology Reviews)
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - December 6, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research

Depression Related Pathophysiologies Relevant In Heart Disease: Insights Into Mechanism Based On Pharmacological Treatments.
Authors: Varghese TP, Kumar AV, Varghese NM, Chand S Abstract Depressive symptoms are highly prevalent in patients with cardiac diseases. Co morbid Depression in cardiac patients causes a significant reduction in health related quality of life for the patients and inflicts an economic burden on society. Two types of mechanisms that may explain the link between depression and cardiac diseases are the psychosocial and physiopathological mechanisms. Physiopathological mechanisms are direct biological mechanisms which include hyperactivity of non-adrenergic and hypothalamic pituitary adrenal axis (HPA), abnormal platel...
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - December 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research

The Association Between Keratoconus and Mitral Valve Prolapse: A Systematic Review.
Conclusion: There is statistically significant co-existing prevalence of MVP and KC. Patients with KC are more likely to present with MVP, and patients with MVP are more likely to present with KC. PMID: 31782369 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Current Cardiology Reviews)
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - December 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research

Cardiotwitter: New virtual tools to advance skillsets in Interventional Cardiology.
CONCLUSION: Twitter represents an excellent interactive educational modality for the global interventional community to share procedural techniques, share opinions and stay current on topics in interventional cardiology. PMID: 31769364 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Current Cardiology Reviews)
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - November 28, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research

Patient Education and Engagement through Social Media.
Authors: Chirumamilla S, Gulati M Abstract This review addresses the demographics of social media users and their relative health literacy. Means of overcoming health inequities via social media and the role of social media in patient education and engagement are explored. This review discusses forms of appropriate engagement, including pitfalls of social media use. PMID: 31752656 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Current Cardiology Reviews)
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - November 24, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research

Atypical takotsubo cardiomyopathy with left ventricular apical wall sparing: A case report and literature review.
CONCLUSION: This case report provides an insight into the diagnosis and management of TTC in the absence of pathognomic features. PMID: 31752657 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Current Cardiology Reviews)
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - November 24, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research

Social Media as a Means to Disseminate and Advocate Cardiovascular Research: Why, How, and Best Practices.
CONCLUSION: Social media offers the advantages of rapid dissemination of research work, potential increases in novel and traditional impact metrics for publications, and may also facilitate academic promotion. PMID: 31729303 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Current Cardiology Reviews)
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - November 16, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research

Assessing cardiovascular risk in patients with diabetes: An update.
Authors: Damaskos C, Garmpis N, Kollia P, Mitsiopoulos G, Barlampa D, Drosos A, Patsouras A, Gravvanis N, Antoniou V, Litos A, Diamantis E Abstract The globalization of the Western lifestyle has resulted in a dramatic increase of diabetes mellitus, a complex, multifactorial disease. Diabetes mellitus is a condition often associated with disorders of the cardiovascular system. It is well established that three quarters of diabetics, aged over 40, will die from cardiovascular disease and are more likely than non-diabetics to die from their first cardiovascular event. Therefore, risk stratification is necessary to ind...
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - November 14, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research

Social Media Use in Cardiovascular Imaging.
Authors: Parwani P, Lee J, Khalique OK, Bucciarelli-Ducci C Abstract Social Media is a rising influence in the global world of cardiovascular medicine, allowing for a dynamic approach to physician education, research dissemination, and collaborative discussion. The visual nature of the social media platforms, particularly Twitter, lends itself particularly well to the tremendous advances and visually stunning imagery of cardiac imaging. The hashtag "#cardiotwitter" provides around the clock, asynchronous, ubiquitous, free of charge and timeless education. It allows connection among cardiac imagers across ...
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - November 11, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research

Management of Right Atrial Thrombus. Where's the Evidence?
We present a narrative review of a patient found to have a right atrial thrombus and a review of the pertinent literature investigating all 3 major treatments arms including embolectomy, thrombolysis, and anticoagulation. PMID: 31657680 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Current Cardiology Reviews)
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - October 30, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research

Techniques to overcome difficulty in device deliverability to lesion in complex PCI.
Authors: Chawla R, Ahamad W, Sharma V Abstract Percutaneous Coronary Intervention has revolutionized the management of Coronary Artery Disease and has become the preferred modality of revascularization in majority of cases. Nevertheless situations are encountered frequently where device deliverability to coronary lesions entails technical difficulties due to varied anatomies and lesional complexities like tortuosity, calcifications, length of lesions and vessel morphology. While continuous technological refinements are occurring in PCI hardware armamentarium and stent designs, a number of techniques and their modif...
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - October 29, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research

Coronary Fistula between Left Anterior Descending Artery (LAD) and Pulmonary Artery (PA) Leading to Sudden Cardiac Death: Case Report with Literature Review.
We report the case of a 67-year-old female with no modifiable cardiovascular risk factors who had an unwitnessed sudden death at home during her ongoing evaluation of a fistula detected incidentally between the left anterior descending artery (LAD) and the pulmonary artery (PA). This case highlights that early diagnosis and treatment of symptomatic CAF is crucial to minimize the risk of sudden cardiac death. Although symptomatic fistula of LAD to PA has been reported in the literature multiple times, it has been rarely reported that this fistula can result in sudden cardiac death. PMID: 31593531 [PubMed - as supplied b...
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - October 10, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research

The role of thyroid diseases and their medications in cardiovascular disorders: A review of the literature.
Authors: Omidi N, Khorgami M, Tajrishi FZ, Seyedhoseinpour A, Pasbakhsh P Abstract The association between thyroid disease and cardiovascular manifestations is significant and undeniable. Previous studies have explained several aspects of the effects of thyroid hormone on the heart and cardiovascular system. Accordingly, both hyper and hypothyroidism can cause important alterations in cardiac rhythm, output and contractility as well as vascular resistance and blood pressure. Because treating the thyroid abnormality, especially in its initial stages, could lead to significant improvement in most of its resultant car...
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - October 10, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research

Transthyretin Cardiac Amyloidosis and Aortic Stenosis: Connection and Therapeutic Implications.
CONCLUSION: The relationship between aortic stenosis and transthyretin cardiac amyloidosis is not well understood. A few studies have proven successful surgical management when both conditions coexist. This systematic review suggests that transthyretin cardiac amyloidosis is common in elderly patients with aortic stenosis and tend to have high mortality rates after AVR. The significant incidence of the two diseases occurring simultaneously warrants further investigation to improve management strategies in the future. PMID: 31544701 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Current Cardiology Reviews)
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - September 25, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research

Heart Failure and Cognitive Impairment: Clinical Relevance and Therapeutic Considerations.
Authors: Mene-Afejuku TO, Pernia M, Ibebuogu UN, Chaudhari S, Mushiyev S, Visco F, Pekler G Abstract Heart failure (HF) is a devastating condition characterized by poor quality of life, numerous complications, high rate of readmission and increased mortality. HF is the most common cause of hospitalization in the United States especially among people over the age of 64 years. The number of people grappling with the ill effects of HF is on the rise as the number of people living to an old age is also on the increase. Several factors have been attributed to these high readmission and mortality rates among which are; p...
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - August 30, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research

The Importance of Measuring Coronary Blood Flow for Clinical Decision Making.
Authors: Yeung C, Baranchuk A, Tse G, Liu T Abstract PMID: 31456513 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Current Cardiology Reviews)
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - August 30, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research