Development of the Patient-Centered Contraceptive Counseling scale (PCCC), a short form of the Interpersonal Quality of Family Planning Care scale
: Patient-centeredness is a critical component of quality in family planning. We previously validated an 11-item Interpersonal Quality of Family Planning (IQFP) scale. We sought to create a parsimonious version of the scale in preparation for testing its appropriateness as a patient-reported outcome performance measure (PRO-PM). (Source: Contraception)
Source: Contraception - January 25, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Christine Dehlendorf, Edith Fox, Ilana A Silverstein, Alexis Hoffman, Mar ía Paula Campora Pérez, Kelsey Holt, Reiley Reed, Danielle Hessler Source Type: research

“It prevents a fertilized egg from attaching…and causes a miscarriage of the baby”: A qualitative assessment of how people understand the mechanism of action of emergency contraceptive pills
The mechanism of action (MOA) of emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs) is frequently mischaracterized. Our objective was to identify how members of the general public understand the mechanisms of ECPs. (Source: Contraception)
Source: Contraception - January 25, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Kelly Cleland, Tiffany L. Marcantonio, Mary E. Hunt, Kristen N. Jozkowski Source Type: research

Penetration of the gastric wall by an intrauterine device: a case report
A 31-year-old woman with epigastric pain underwent a “pi”-shaped copper bearing intrauterine device (IUD) placement 11 years prior while lactating approximately 14 months after delivery. The patient experienced intermittent epigastric pain caused by the IUD penetrating through the gastric wall. Removal required partial gastrectomy. (Source: Contraception)
Source: Contraception - January 18, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Zhao Zhao, Guannan Zhang, Ping Peng, Xiaoyi Li Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Timing and efficacy of mifepristone pretreatment for medical management of early pregnancy loss
To determine the time interval between mifepristone and misoprostol administration associated with the most efficacious early pregnancy loss (EPL) management. (Source: Contraception)
Source: Contraception - January 18, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Anne Flynn, Andrea H. Roe, Nathanael Koelper, Arden McAllister, Mary D. Sammel, Courtney A. Schreiber Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Contraception)
Source: Contraception - January 15, 2021 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Copyright info/Contents
(Source: Contraception)
Source: Contraception - January 15, 2021 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Required examinations and tests before initiating contraception: provider practices from a national cross-sectional survey
: We estimated the prevalence of requiring specific examinations or tests before providing contraception in a nationwide survey of family planning providers. (Source: Contraception)
Source: Contraception - January 13, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Jamie W Krashin, Lauren B Zapata, Isabel A Morgan, Naomi K Tepper, Tara C Jatlaoui, Brittni N. Frederiksen, Maura K Whiteman, Kathryn M Curtis Source Type: research

How do Women Interpret Abortion Information They Find Online?
Objective: We sought to assess how women interpret the information they find online about the overall safety and risk of infertility associated with abortion and cesarean delivery (CD).Methods: We conducted an exploratory, prospective study tracking the internet searches of 100 reproductive-aged individuals who identify as women. We directed participants to search for information about either (1) whether surgical abortion or CD is safe or (2) the risk of infertility following surgical abortion or CD. (Source: Contraception)
Source: Contraception - January 13, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Marissa Forbes, Blair G Darney, Shaalini Ramandathan, Mary Earp, Lauren Waldner-James, Leo Han Source Type: research

Adolescent Emergency Contraception Usage, Knowledge and Perception
We sought to describe the current usage patterns, knowledge regarding and perception of emergency contraception in adolescent patients. (Source: Contraception)
Source: Contraception - January 13, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Bria Nikole Williams, Victoria C. Jauk, Jeff M. Szychowski, Janeen L. Arbuckle Source Type: research

Two prophylactic pain management regimens for medical abortion ≤63 days' gestation with mifepristone and misoprostol: A multicenter, randomized, placebo-controlled trial
To determine if either prophylactic tramadol 50 mg or ibuprofen 400 mg/metoclopramide 10 mg result in lower maximal pain compared to placebo in women ≤63 days' gestation having a mifepristone-misoprostol medical abortion. (Source: Contraception)
Source: Contraception - January 12, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Monica V. Dragoman, Daniel Grossman, My Huong Nguyen, Ndema Habib, Nathalie Kapp, Anand Tamang, Tshego Bessenaar, Lan Dung Duong, Jageshwor Gautam, Jean-Louis Yoko, Minh Hong, Metin Gulmezoglu Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Examining the impact of federal regulations on abortion research in the United States: An exploratory, qualitative study
We aimed to identify and characterize barriers faced by researchers studying abortion in academic medical centers in the United States (US). We specifically focused on regulatory restrictions on abortion research related to institutional review board (IRB) or research ethics committee interpretations of Subpart B of the 2001 Code of Federal Regulations, which states that researchers cannot take part in decisions involving the timing, method, or procedures used to terminate a pregnancy. We aimed to document investigators ’ experiences obtaining approval from their IRBs and to identify obstacles that prevent investigat...
Source: Contraception - January 8, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Nisha Verma, Siripanth Nippita, Maureen E. Paul, Laura E. Dodge Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Endocrine and metabolic effects of an oral contraceptive containing estetrol and drospirenone
To evaluate the effect on endocrine and metabolic parameters of a new combined oral contraceptive (COC) containing estetrol (E4) and drospirenone (DRSP). (Source: Contraception)
Source: Contraception - January 8, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Christine Klipping, Ingrid Duijkers, Marie Mawet, Catherine Maillard, Adriana Bastidas, Maud Jost, Jean-Michel Foidart Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Debunking myths about contraceptive safety among women in Kingston, Jamaica: Pilot randomized controlled trial
1) to create a short motion graphic video to debias women, using evidence from cognitive psychology, of two common myths about safety of intrauterine devices (IUDs) and implants in Jamaica and 2) to conduct a pilot study to evaluate video effectiveness. (Source: Contraception)
Source: Contraception - January 8, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Tina Hylton-Kong, Markus J. Steiner, Althea Bailey, Maria Palazzi, Maria F. Gallo Source Type: research

Variation by State in Medicaid Sterilization Policies for Physician Reimbursement
To evaluate state-level variation in Medicaid sterilization reimbursement policies for physicians in terms of policy details, flexibility, and review process. (Source: Contraception)
Source: Contraception - December 27, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Heather Bouma-Johnston, Roselle Ponsaran, Kavita Shah Arora Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Nonindicated pelvic examinations during contraceptive encounters: Prevalence and provider variations
This study estimates prevalence of nonindicated pelvic exams during contraceptive encounters, and variation in prevalence by provider specialty. (Source: Contraception)
Source: Contraception - December 26, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Jacqueline Ellison, Megan B. Cole, Amresh D. Hanchate, Lewis Kazis, Sarah Lindsay Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Contraception, unintended pregnancy, and induced abortion within 24 months of delivery in China: a retrospective cohort study
: To explore the prevalence of contraceptive use, unintended pregnancy, and induced abortions within 24 months postpartum in eastern, central, and western regions of China and in China overall. (Source: Contraception)
Source: Contraception - December 26, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Yan Che, Yuyan Li, Xiangying Gu, Lifang Jiang, Yuanzhong Zhou, Xiaoyu Hu, Li Jiang, Tongyin Cheng, Xiaojing Dong, Xiaochen Huang, Yongfeng Luo, Wen Lv, Guangli Qiao, Jiandong Song, Wei Xia, Linai Zhang, Yanfei Zhou, Yan Zhang Source Type: research

Non-Indicated Pelvic Examinations During Contraceptive Encounters: Prevalence and Provider Variations
This study estimates prevalence of non-indicated pelvic exams during contraceptive encounters, and variation in prevalence by provider specialty. (Source: Contraception)
Source: Contraception - December 26, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Jacqueline Ellison, Megan B. Cole, Amresh D. Hanchate, Lewis Kazis, Sarah Lindsay Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Adherence to Swedish national recommendations for long acting reversible contraceptive provision at the time of medical abortion
To investigate if abortion clinics follow Swedish national guidelines regarding early insertion of long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) after medical abortions up to 9 weeks of gestation and, if not, the reasons for not doing so. (Source: Contraception)
Source: Contraception - December 26, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Anna Egardt, Michael Algovik, Helena Kopp Kallner Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Abortion method preference among people presenting for abortion care
: To explore abortion method preference, interpersonal and cultural factors associated with preference, and whether, among people with a preference for medication abortion, those presenting past 10 weeks gestation had experienced more obstacles to care. (Source: Contraception)
Source: Contraception - December 25, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Erin Wingo, Lauren Ralph, Shelly Kaller, M. Antonia Biggs Source Type: research

Twenty Years of the Ryan Residency Training Program in Abortion and Family Planning
To summarize the effects of routine, opt-out abortion and family planning residency training on obstetrics and gynecology (ob-gyn) residents ’ clinical skills in uterine evacuation and intentions to provide abortion care after residency. (Source: Contraception)
Source: Contraception - December 24, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Uta Landy, Jema K Turk, Kristin Simonson, Katheryn Koenemann, Jody Steinauer Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

20 Years of the Ryan Residency Training Program  in Abortion and Family Planning
To summarize the effects of routine, opt-out abortion and family planning residency training on obstetrics and gynecology (ob-gyn) residents ’ clinical skills in uterine evacuation and intentions to provide abortion care after residency. (Source: Contraception)
Source: Contraception - December 24, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: U. Landy, J. Turk, K. Simonson, K. Koenemann, J. Steinauer Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Socioeconomic differences persist in use of permanent vs long-acting reversible contraception: An analysis of the National Survey of Family Growth, 2006 to 2010 vs 2015 to 2017
Permanent contraception has historically been more prevalent among non-White women with lower education and income. Given increasing popularity of long-acting reversible contraception (LARC), we examine changing sociodemographic patterns of permanent contraception and LARC. (Source: Contraception)
Source: Contraception - December 22, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Isabel Beshar, Jodi So, Meena Chelvakumar, Erica P. Cahill, Kate A. Shaw, Jonathan G. Shaw Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Introduction of telemedicine for medication abortion: changes in service delivery patterns in two U.S. states
Telemedicine for medication abortion (teleMAB) is safe and effective, yet little is known about how its introduction affects service delivery. We assessed changes in service delivery patterns one year after introducing teleMAB at Planned Parenthood in two U.S. states. (Source: Contraception)
Source: Contraception - December 22, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Julia E. Kohn, Jennifer L. Snow, Daniel Grossman, Terri-Ann Thompson, Jane W. Seymour, Hannah R. Simons Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Controversies in Family Planning: Management of Cesarean-Scar Ectopic Pregnancy
The incidence of pregnancies located within a cesarean scar or ‘cesarean-scar ectopics’ has risen with increasing rates of cesarean delivery [1] and likely with advances in imaging technology and diagnostic awareness. The incidence of pregnancies located within a cesarean scar is estimated to be 1 in 2,000 pregnancies and cesarean-scar ectopic pregnancies a ccounts for 6.1% of ectopic pregnancies in women with a cesarean scar [2-4]. These pregnancies are now recognized as part of the continuum of morbidly-adherent placenta including placenta accreta [1] and pose a significant risk to not only a patient's health...
Source: Contraception - December 22, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Jessica A. REID, Lisa L. BAYER, Alison B. EDELMAN, Alyssa C. COLWILL Tags: CONTROVERSIES IN FAMILY PLANNING Source Type: research

Contraceptive Use at First Sexual Intercourse among Adolescent and Young Adult Women with Disabilities: The Role of Formal Sex Education
This study examines receipt of formal sex education as a potential mechanism that may explain the observed associations between disability status and contraceptive use among young women with disabilities. (Source: Contraception)
Source: Contraception - December 22, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Eun Ha Namkung, Anne Valentine, Lee Warner, Monika Mitra Source Type: research

Socioeconomic Differences Persist in Use of Permanent versus Long-Acting Reversible Contraception: An Analysis of the National Survey for Family Growth, 2006-2010 versus 2015-2017
Permanent contraception has historically been more prevalent among non-White women with lower education and income. Given increasing popularity of long-acting reversible contraception (LARC), we examine changing sociodemographic patterns of permanent contraception and LARC. (Source: Contraception)
Source: Contraception - December 22, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Isabel Beshar, Jodi So, Meena Chelvakumar, Erica P. Cahill, Kate A. Shaw, Jonathan G. Shaw Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Frequency and Characteristics associated with Opportunistic Salpingectomy at Cesarean Delivery: A Retrospective Chart Review
: To identify the frequency and characteristics associated with total salpingectomy (TS) versus occlusion or partial salpingectomy (PS) at the time of cesarean delivery. (Source: Contraception)
Source: Contraception - December 16, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Nerlyne Desravines, Tara Brenner, Kartik Venkatesh, Gretchen Stuart Source Type: research

Comparison of contraceptive failures associated with CYP3A4-inducing drug-drug interactions by route of hormonal contraceptive in an adverse event reporting system
: To estimate associations between contraceptive failures and concomitant CYP3A4-inducing medications by route of administration. (Source: Contraception)
Source: Contraception - December 16, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Tomiko Sunaga, Brian Cicali, Stephan Schmidt, Joshua Brown Tags: Brief Research Article Source Type: research

Auricular acupressure and acupuncture as adjuncts for pain management during first trimester medication abortion: a randomized three-arm trial
To measure pain during first trimester medication abortion using auricular acupressure or auricular acupuncture as an adjunct to pain management. We measured anxiety as a secondary outcome. (Source: Contraception)
Source: Contraception - December 16, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Carolyn L. Westhoff, Isabel S. Nelson, Anderson Suarez-Rodriguez, Melanie A. Gold Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Contraception)
Source: Contraception - December 10, 2020 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Copyright info/Contents
(Source: Contraception)
Source: Contraception - December 10, 2020 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Mechanical dilation to remove incarcerated laminaria during a second trimester abortion
Cervical preparation with laminaria reduces complications with 2nd trimester dilation and evacuation. During a surgical abortion at 22  weeks, we could not remove laminaria manually or with ring forceps due to laminaria “dumbbelling” [1]. Without pushing laminaria into the uterus, we mechanically dilated the cervix and removed the incarcerated laminaria. (Source: Contraception)
Source: Contraception - December 4, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Farsam Fraz, Melody Y. Hou Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Timing of Insertion Affects Expulsion in Patients using the Levonorgestrel 52 mg Intrauterine System for Non-Contraceptive Indications
: To evaluate levonorgestrel 52 mg intrauterine system (IUS) expulsion risk by menstrual cycle day of insertion (days 1-8 vs. days 9 and beyond) in women using the IUS for non-contraceptive indications. (Source: Contraception)
Source: Contraception - December 4, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Sara Harris, Bliss Kaneshiro, Hyeong Jun Ahn, Lynne Saito-Tom Source Type: research

A single-blinded randomized controlled trial evaluating pain and opioid use after dilator placement for second-trimester abortion
: To compare pain levels and medication needs after placement of laminaria versus Dilapan-S, and after dilation and evacuation (D&E). (Source: Contraception)
Source: Contraception - December 4, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Serena M. Liu, Rachel Flink-Bochacki Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

“Mechanical Dilation to Remove Incarcerated Laminaria During a Second Trimester Abortion”
Cervical preparation with laminaria reduces complications with 2nd trimester dilation and evacuation. During a surgical abortion at 22 weeks, we could not remove laminaria manually or with ring forceps due to laminaria “dumbbelling”.[1] Without pushing laminaria into the uterus, we mechanically dilated the cervix and removed the incarcerated laminaria. (Source: Contraception)
Source: Contraception - December 4, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Farsam Fraz, Melody Y. Hou Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Factors Influencing Women's Decisions About Pregnancy Spacing: Findings From a Focus Group Discussion Study
The objective of this study was to improve understanding of women's motivations regarding pregnancy spacing. (Source: Contraception)
Source: Contraception - December 4, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Ellen K. Wilson, Helen P. Koo, Alexandra M. Minnis Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Contraception)
Source: Contraception - December 1, 2020 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Copyright info/Contents
(Source: Contraception)
Source: Contraception - December 1, 2020 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Efficacy, Safety, and Tolerability of a Levonorgestrel/Ethinyl Estradiol Transdermal Delivery System: Phase 3 Clinical Trial Results
To assess the contraceptive efficacy, safety, and tolerability of a contraceptive transdermal delivery system, (TDS; TWIRLA ®) containing levonorgestrel (LNG) and ethinyl estradiol (EE). (Source: Contraception)
Source: Contraception - November 28, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Anita L. Nelson, Andrew M. Kaunitz, Robin Kroll, James A. Simon, Alfred N. Poindexter, Paula M. Casta ño, Ronald T. Ackerman, Lisa Flood, Joseph A. Chiodo, Elizabeth I.O. Garner, for the SECURE Investigators Source Type: research

Fertility intentions and recent births among US abortion patients
To examine fertility intentions among abortion patients and the potential of abortion for avoiding short birth intervals. (Source: Contraception)
Source: Contraception - November 21, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Rachel K. Jones, Diana Greene Foster, Antonia Biggs Source Type: research

Serum human chorionic gonadotropin decline following aspiration abortion in early pregnancy less than 42 days gestation
To define serum human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) decline following complete aspiration abortion. (Source: Contraception)
Source: Contraception - November 20, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Maureen K. Baldwin, Paula H. Bednarek, Jennefer Russo Tags: Brief Research Article Source Type: research

Provision of Contraceptive Implants in School-Based Health Centers: A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis
: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of providing contraceptive implants in school-based health centers (SBHCs) compared to the practice of referring adolescents to non-school-based health centers (NSBHCs) in New York City. (Source: Contraception)
Source: Contraception - November 19, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Chi-Son Kim, Britt Lunde, Laura MacIsaac, Martha Arden, Whitney R Garney, Kelly L Wilson, Yan Li Source Type: research

Medicaid Expansion and Provision of Prescription Contraception to Medicaid Beneficiaries
Medicaid Expansion increased access to care, but longitudinal patterns of contraception use after the Medicaid Expansion have not been described. (Source: Contraception)
Source: Contraception - November 16, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Andrew Sumarsono, Matthew W Segar, Luyu Xie PharmD, Folefac Atem, Sarah E Messiah, Jenny KR Francis, Neil Keshvani Source Type: research

Telemedicine for contraceptive counseling: an exploratory survey of US family planning providers following rapid adoption of services during the COVID-19 pandemic
The objective of this study is to describe the experience of US family planning providers with the rapid adoption of telemedicine for contraceptive counseling during this period. (Source: Contraception)
Source: Contraception - November 16, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Bianca M. Stifani, Karina Avila, Erika E. Levi Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Daniel R. Mishell Jr., MD, Outstanding Article Awards 2020
The Daniel R. Mishell Jr., MD Outstanding Article Awards honor the principal investigators who have published the most outstanding articles in Contraception over the preceding academic year (July –June). (Source: Contraception)
Source: Contraception - November 13, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: Announcement Source Type: research

Daniel R. Mishell Jr., MD, Outstanding Article Award 2020
The Daniel R. Mishell Jr., MD Outstanding Article Award honors the principal investigators who have published the most outstanding articles in Contraception over the preceding academic year (July to June). (Source: Contraception)
Source: Contraception - November 13, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Sexual orientation-related differences in contraceptive use: a brief report based on a cohort of adolescent and young women
: To examine contraceptive methods used by adolescent/young adult women of diverse sexual orientations. (Source: Contraception)
Source: Contraception - November 13, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Brittany M. Charlton, Colleen A. Reynolds, Elizabeth Janiak, Amy D. DiVasta, Rachel K. Jones, Jorge E. Chavarro, Vishnudas Sarda, S. Bryn Austin Source Type: research

Certainty and intention in pregnancy decision-making: an exploratory study
We examined whether women seeking abortion experience lower decision certainty than those planning to continue pregnancies and whether certainty differs by pregnancy intendedness. (Source: Contraception)
Source: Contraception - November 13, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Brenly B. Rowland, Corinne H. Rocca, Lauren J. Ralph Source Type: research

Contraception methods used among women with HIV starting antiretroviral therapy in a large United States clinical trial, 2009-2011
We describe contraception and dual method use among women with HIV initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART) in a U.S. clinical trial and examine associated factors. (Source: Contraception)
Source: Contraception - November 12, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Anandi N. SHETH, Christine D. ANGERT, Lisa B. HADDAD, C. Christina MEHTA, Susan E. COHN Source Type: research

Contraception Decision-Making and Care Among Reproductive-Aged Women with Autoimmune Diseases
In this qualitative study, we sought to understand better the contraception-related experiences and decision-making of women with autoimmune diseases, a group at high risk for adverse pregnancy and perinatal outcomes. (Source: Contraception)
Source: Contraception - November 9, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Olivia M. Stransky, Tierney Wolgemuth, Traci Kazmerski, Alaina Chodoff, Sonya Borrero, Mehret Birru Talabi Source Type: research