A cross-sectional study to investigate the correlation between depression comorbid with anxiety and serum lipid levels
Depression is a common psychological disorder that severely threatens human health. Its pathology remains unclear, but it has been suggested to be associated with abnormal blood lipid metabolism. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - May 5, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jinmin Wang, Changying Jiang, Liling Chen, Songying Wu, Jushan Lin, Lili Gao, Buni Xie, Dengzi Zheng, Ruiling Yang, Shiju Li, Xiaoming Pan, Yuansheng Liao Source Type: research

A comparison of suicides in psychiatric in-patients, after discharge and in not recently hospitalized individuals
This study compared demographic, clinical and suicide related factors between in-patient, post-discharge and not recently hospitalized suicides. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - May 5, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Eberhard A. Deisenhammer, Elisa-Marie Behrndt, Georg Kemmler, Christian Haring, Carl Miller Source Type: research

Association between Childhood Psychiatric Disorders and Psychotic Experiences in Adolescence: a population-based longitudinal study
Adolescent psychotic experiences (PEs) are common, and are associated with both psychotic and non-psychotic illnesses. In order to examine psychopathological and cognitive antecedents of adolescent PEs, we have conducted a longitudinal study of common childhood psychiatric disorders and subsequent adolescent PEs in the population-based prospective ALSPAC birth cohort. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - May 5, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Caroline Siebald, Golam M. Khandaker, Stanley Zammit, Glyn Lewis, Peter B. Jones Source Type: research

Self-continuity across time in schizophrenia: an exploration of phenomenological and narrative continuity in the past and future
Disorders of the self, such as a reduced sense of personal continuity in time, are a core symptom of schizophrenia, but one that is still poorly understood. In the present study, we investigated two complementary aspects of self-continuity, namely phenomenological and narrative continuity, in 27 patients with schizophrenia, and compared them with 27 control participants. Participants were asked to identify important past events and to narrate a story from their life that included these events. They were also asked to imagine important events that might happen in their personal future and to build a narrative of their futur...
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - May 4, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: M.C. Allé, A. D'Argembeau, P. Schneider, J. Potheegadoo, R. Coutelle, J.-M. Danion, F. Berna Source Type: research

Body plasticity in borderline personality disorder: a link to dissociation
Patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) often report an unstable sense of self, which is further enhanced in dissociative states. As one consequence, BPD patients show a labile body percept, which might result in a higher degree of body plasticity. However, experimental data on body plasticity in BPD are not yet available. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - May 4, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Robin Bekrater-Bodmann, YoungChung Boo, Jens Foell, Dorothee Maria Gescher, Martin Bohus, Herta Flor Source Type: research

Contributions of Risk and Protective Factors to Prediction of Psychological Symptoms after Traumatic Experiences
Traumatic experiences cause considerable suffering and place a burden on society due to lost productivity, increases in suicidality, violence, criminal behavior, and psychological disorder. The impact of traumatic experiences is complicated because many factors affect individuals’ responses. By employing several methodological improvements, we sought to identify risk factors that would account for a greater proportion of variance in later disorder than prior studies. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - May 3, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Eve B. Carlson, Patrick A. Palmieri, Nigel P. Field, Constance J. Dalenberg, Kathryn S. Macia, David A. Spain Source Type: research

Experiential Pleasure Deficits in the Prodrome: A Study of Emotional Experiences in Individuals at Ultra-High Risk for Psychosis and Recent-Onset Schizophrenia
This study investigated noncurrent and current pleasure experiences and its relationship with neurocognitive function and self-esteem in ultra-high risk (UHR) for psychosis and recent-onset schizophrenia (ROSPR). (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 29, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kyungun Jhung, Jin Young Park, Yun Yunoung Song, Jee In Kang, Eun Lee, Suk Kyoon An Source Type: research

Disturbed Self Concept Mediates the Relationship between Childhood Maltreatment and Adult Personality Pathology
Despite a robust literature documenting the relationship between childhood maltreatment and personality pathology in adulthood, there is far less clarity about the mechanism underlying this relationship. One promising candidate for such a linking mechanism is disturbance in the sense of self. This paper tests the hypothesis that disturbances in the sense of self mediate the relationship between childhood maltreatment and adult personality pathology. Specifically, we assess the self-related traits of stable self-image, self-reflective functioning, self-respect and feeling recognized. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 29, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lisa Cohen, Olga Leibu, Thachell Tanis, Firouz Ardalan, Igor Galynker Source Type: research

Dissociation in patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders: What is the role of different types of childhood adversity?
Our study aimed to explore the effects of different types of adverse childhood experiences (e.g. domestic violence, early loss, parental dysfunction, sexual and physical abuse) as well as experiences of sexual and physical abuse in adulthood on dissociative symptoms in adult patients with schizophrenia-spectrum disorders. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 28, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Katrin Schroeder, Willemien Langeland, Helen L. Fisher, Christian G. Huber, Ingo Schäfer Source Type: research

Word processing during reading sentences in patients with schizophrenia: evidences from the eyetracking technique
In the present work we analyzed the effect of word properties (i.e., word length, word frequency and word predictability) on the eye movement behavior of patients with schizophrenia (SZ) compared to age-matched controls, by using the eyetracking technique and linear mixed models. 18 SZ patients and 40 age-matched controls participated in the study. Analysis of eye movements during reading regular sentences revealed that patients with SZ decreased the amount of single fixations, increased their total number of second pass fixations compared with healthy individuals (Controls). (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 28, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Gerardo Fernández, Marcelo Sapognikoff, Salvador Guinjoan, David Orozco, Osvaldo Agamennoni Source Type: research

Grasping the mechanisms of narratives' incoherence in schizophrenia: An analysis of the temporal structure of patients' life story
Life narratives of patients with schizophrenia are characterized by an impaired coherence so that the listener has often difficulty to grasp the life trajectory of the patients. In order to better understand what causes this reduced temporal coherence, we investigated the temporal structure of patients' life narratives through different temporal narrative elements (elaboration of beginnings and endings, local temporal indicators and temporal deviations from a linear order), across two complementary studies. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 28, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: M.C. Allé, M.-C. Gandolphe, K. Doba, C. Köber, J. Potheegadoo, R. Coutelle, T. Habermas, J.-L. Nandrino, J.-M. Danion, F. Berna Source Type: research

Psychiatric morbidity and its correlates among informal caregivers of older adults
This present study estimated the psychiatric morbidity among informal caregivers of older adults and investigated its association with their socio-demographic factors and older adult's health status, including dementia, depression and physical health conditions. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 27, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Siow Ann Chong, Edimansyah Abdin, Louisa Picco, Saleha Shafie, Esmond Seow, Shirlene Pang, Vathsala Sagayadevan, Boon Yiang Chua, Hong Choon Chua, Mythily Subramaniam Source Type: research

Insight among People with Severe Mental Illness, Co-Occurring PTSD and Elevated Psychotic Symptoms: Correlates and Relationship to Treatment Participation
There is a dearth of research on what factors are predictive of insight among people with severe mental illness and co-occurring PTSD. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 27, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Philip T. Yanos, Beth Vayshenker, Pavel Pleskach, Kim T. Mueser Source Type: research

Male Suspected Suicide Decedents in Utah: A Comparison of Veterans and Nonveterans
There has been significant debate regarding suicide risk in Veterans compared to nonveterans. However, few studies have examined similarities and differences between Veteran and nonveteran suicide decedents using a combination of next of kin psychological autopsy and data from a state Office of the Medical Examiner (OME). For the current study, next of kin of a one-year cohort of male suspected suicide decedents in Utah completed psychological autopsy interviews with trained research staff. Next of kin of 70 Veterans and 356 nonveterans completed the interviews, which included demographic, behavioral, psychosocial, and cli...
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 27, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Erin McGlade, Amanda Bakian, Hilary Coon, Deborah Yurgelun-Todd, W. Brandon Callor, Josh Byrd, Douglas Gray Source Type: research

The Role of Interpersonal Personality Traits and Reassurance Seeking in Eating Disorder Symptoms and Depressive Symptoms among Women with Bulimia Nervosa
We examined the independent and interactive contributions of two interpersonal-focused personality traits (i.e., social avoidance and insecure attachment) and reassurance seeking in relation to global ED psychopathology and depressive symptoms among women with bulimia nervosa (BN). (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 25, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tyler B. Mason, Jason M. Lavender, Stephen A. Wonderlich, Ross D. Crosby, Thomas E. Joiner, James E. Mitchell, Scott J. Crow, Marjorie H. Klein, Daniel Le Grange, Anna M. Bardone-Cone, Carol B. Peterson Source Type: research

Validation of the Spanish version of the Dimensional Yale–Brown Obsessive–Compulsive Scale (DYBOCS) in children and adolescents
Obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) is best understood as a complex overlap of obsessive–compulsive (OC) symptom dimensions with specific clinical and etiological characteristics. The Dimensional Yale–Brown Obsessive–Compulsive Scale (DYBOCS) was developed to assess the presence and severity of each of these OC symptom dimensions. Despite showing excellent psychometric properties in adults, the psychometric properties of the DYBOCS have not been widely investigated in children and adolescents. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 20, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: B. Garcia-Delgar, A.E. Ortiz, A. Morer, P. Alonso, M.C. do Rosário, L. Lázaro Source Type: research

Validation of the Spanish version of the Dimensional Yale-Brown Obsessive–Compulsive Scale (DYBOCS) in children and adolescents
Obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) is best understood as a complex overlap of obsessive–compulsive (OC) symptom dimensions with specific clinical and etiological characteristics. The Dimensional Yale-Brown Obsessive–Compulsive Scale (DYBOCS) was developed to assess the presence and severity of each of these OC symptom dimensions. Despite showing excellent psychometric properties in adults, the psychometric properties of the DYBOCS have not been widely investigated in children and adolescents. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 20, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: B. Garcia-Delgar, A.E. Ortiz, A. Morer, P. Alonso, M.C. do Rosário, L. Lázaro Source Type: research

Study of positive and negative feedback sensitivity in psychosis using the Wisconsin card sorting test
Schizophrenia involves marked motivational and learning deficits that may reflect abnormalities in reward processing. The purpose of this study was to examine positive and negative feedback sensitivity in schizophrenia using computational modeling derived from the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST). We also aimed to explore feedback sensitivity in a sample with bipolar disorder. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 15, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Aida Farreny, Ángel del Rey-Mejías, Gemma Escartin, Judith Usall, Núria Tous, Josep Maria Haro, Susana Ochoa Source Type: research

Are obsessive–compulsive symptoms impulsive, compulsive or both?
The relationships between obsessive–compulsive symptoms and distinct forms of impulsivity and compulsivity are unclear. Such examination would be relevant in terms of how best to classify psychiatric disorders and in understanding candidate ‘latent traits’ that extend across a continuum between normalcy and clinical disorders. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 14, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Samuel R. Chamberlain, Eric W. Leppink, Sarah A. Redden, Jon E. Grant Source Type: research

Facial emotion recognition in psychiatrists and influences of their therapeutic identification on that ability
Although emotional cues like facial emotion expressions seem to be important in social interaction, there is no specific training about emotional cues for psychiatrists. Here, we aimed to investigate psychiatrists' ability of facial emotion recognition and relation with their clinical identification as psychotherapy- psychopharmacology oriented or being adult and childhood-adolescent psychiatrist. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 12, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Mihriban Dalkıran Varkal, Gozde Gultekin, Erhan Yuksek, Nalan Varsak, Hesna Gul, Zeliha Kıncır, Akif Tasdemir, Murat Emul Source Type: research

Well-Being in Clozapine-Treated Schizophrenia Patients: the significance of positive symptoms
Well-being perception is seldom explored in schizophrenia patients. Recurrent limitations, such as the questionable applicability of gold standard defintions of health and well-being, and fewer tools available to assess well-being, are pronounced in this subpopulation. This cross-sectional study sought to explore potential clinical factors that may predict subjective well-being scores in chronic schizophrenia patients (N=142) receiving clozapine treatment. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 8, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Julia E.H. Brown, Gisela Mezquida, Emilio Fernandez-Egea Source Type: research

The risk of male adult alcohol dependence: the role of the adverse childhood experiences and ecological executive function
To explore the association between male adult alcohol dependence and their adverse childhood experiences as well as ecological executive function. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 6, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Zengxun Liu, Ying Yang, Zhenchun Shi, Jintong Liu, Yang Wang Source Type: research

Prevalence of Personality Disorders in Patients With Chronic Migraine
The present study aimed to investigate the prevalence of personality disorders (PDs) in patients with chronic migraine (CM). (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 6, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Fatih Kayhan, Faik Ilik Source Type: research

Sex differences in the effect of childhood trauma on the clinical expression of early psychosis
Childhood trauma, a risk factor of psychosis, is associated the clinical expression of the illness (greater severity of psychotic symptoms; poorer cognitive performance). We aimed to explore whether there are sex differences in this relationship. We studied 79 individuals with a psychotic disorder (PD) with (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 5, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Myriam Garcia, Itziar Montalvo, Marta Creus, Ángel Cabezas, Montse Solé, Maria José Algora, Irene Moreno, Alfonso Gutiérrez-Zotes, Javier Labad Source Type: research

Anxious temperament as a risk factor of suicide attempt
Suicide has been reported to be associated with cyclothymic, irritable, depressive and anxious temperaments. In contrast, hyperthymic temperament has been reported to be protective against suicide. In the present study, we hypothesized that Japanese patients with suicide attempt may have higher scores of cyclothymic, irritable, depressive, and anxious temperaments but lower scores of hyperthymic temperament than non-suicidal patients. In order to examine this hypothesis, we investigated Japanese patients of a university emergency center. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 5, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sanshi Tanabe, Takeshi Terao, Ippei Shiotsuki, Masayuki Kanehisa, Keisuke Ishii, Osamu Shigemitsu, Minoru Fujiki, Nobuhiko Hoaki Source Type: research

Prevalence of depression in Syrian refugees and the influence of religiosity
Many surveys have underlined the high levels of distress Syrian refugees have endured since the conflict aroused in their country, yet few have used reliable diagnostic tools for the clinical assessment of resulting mental disorders. The aim of our study is to assess for the onset of new depressive disorders following the Syrian war, and to investigate the correlation of religiosity with depression. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 5, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Wadih J. Naja, Michaelangelo P. Aoun, Eliane L. El Khoury, Fabiola J. Bou Abdallah, Ramzi S. Haddad Source Type: research

Types of childhood trauma and spirituality in adult patients with depressive disorders
The aim of this study was to investigate the differences in spirituality among adult patients with depressive disorders, who had suffered various types of abuse or neglect in childhood. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 5, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jun-Mi Song, Jung-Ah Min, Hyu-Jung Huh, Jeong-Ho Chae Source Type: research

Sex-differences in the effect of childhood trauma on the clinical expression of early psychosis
Childhood trauma, a risk factor of psychosis, is associated the clinical expression of the illness (greater severity of psychotic symptoms; poorer cognitive performance). We aimed to explore whether there are sex differences in this relationship. We studied 79 individuals with a psychotic disorder (PD) with (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 5, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Myriam Garcia, Itziar Montalvo, Marta Creus, Ángel Cabezas, Montse Solé, Maria José Algora, Irene Moreno, Alfonso Gutiérrez-Zotes, Javier Labad Source Type: research

Compulsive buying and hoarding as identity substitutes: The role of materialistic value endorsement and depression
In the present study, we investigated whether the relationship between identity confusion and compulsive buying (offline/online) and hoarding is mediated by materialistic value endorsement and depression. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 5, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Laurence Claes, Astrid Müller, Koen Luyckx Source Type: research

Anxious Temperament as a Risk Factor of Suicide Attempt (running title) Anxious temperament and suicide attempt
Suicide has been reported to be associated with cyclothymic, irritable, depressive and anxious temperaments. In contrast, hyperthymic temperament has been reported to be protective against suicide. In the present study, we hypothesized that Japanese patients with suicide attempt may have higher scores of cyclothymic, irritable, depressive, and anxious temperament but lower scores of hyperthymic temperament than non-suicidal patients. In order to examine this hypothesis, we investigated Japanese patients of a university emergency center. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 5, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sanshi Tanabe, Takeshi Terao, Ippei Shiotsuki, Masayuki Kanehisa, Keisuke Ishii, Osamu Shigemitsu, Minoru Fujiki, Nobuhiko Hoaki Source Type: research

Examining Weight and Eating Behavior by Sexual Orientation in a Sample of Male Veterans
Eating disorders are understudied in men and in sexual minority populations; however, extant evidence suggests that gay men have higher rates of disordered eating than heterosexual men. The present study examined the associations between sexual orientation, body mass index (BMI), disordered eating behaviors, and food addiction in a sample of male veterans. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - March 30, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sarah M. Bankoff, Lauren K. Richards, Brooke Bartlett, Erika J. Wolf, Karen S. Mitchell Source Type: research

Relating DSM-5 Section II and Section III Personality Disorder Diagnostic Classification Systems to Treatment Planning
Beginning with DSM-III, the inclusion of a “personality” axis was designed to encourage awareness of personality disorders and the treatment-related implications of individual differences, but since that time there is little accumulated evidence that the personality disorder categories provide substantial treatment-related guidance. The DSM-5 Personality and Personality Disorders Work Group sought to develop an Alternative Model for personality disorder, and this study examined whether this model is more closely related to clinicians’ decision-making processes than the traditional categorical personality ...
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - March 30, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Leslie C. Morey, Kathryn T. Benson Source Type: research

Validation of the French Autism Spectrum Quotient Scale and its relationships with schizotypy and Eysenckian personality traits
Autism and schizophrenia spectra were long considered distinct entities. Yet, recent studies emphasized overlapping clinical and personality features suggesting common mechanisms and liabilities. Independent notions, however, highlight that the two spectra oppose each other socially (positive schizotypal hyper-mentalism versus autistic hypo-mentalism). To clarify these relationships, we used data from 921 French-speaking Swiss undergraduates to firstly validate the French Autism Spectrum Questionnaire (AQ) identifying an optimal factor structure. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - March 30, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Guillaume Sierro, Jerome Rossier, Christine Mohr Source Type: research

Examining Dark Triad traits in relation to sleep disturbances, anxiety sensitivity and intolerance of uncertainty in young adults
The Dark Triad (DT) describes a set of three closely related personality traits, Machiavellianism, narcissism, and psychopathy. The aim of this study was to examine the associations between DT traits, sleep disturbances, anxiety sensitivity and intolerance of uncertainty. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - March 30, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sarah Sabouri, Markus Gerber, Sakari Lemola, Stephen P. Becker, Mahin Shamsi, Zeinab Shakouri, Dena Sadeghi Bahmani, Nadeem Kalak, Edith Holsboer-Trachsler, Serge Brand Source Type: research

New DSM-5 criteria for ADHD — Does it matter?
This study examines the prevalence of adults meeting the revised DSM-5 symptoms cutoff as compared to the previous DSM-IV symptoms cutoff. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - March 29, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tohar Rigler, Iris Manor, Adie Kalansky, Zamir Shorer, Iris Noyman, Yair Sadaka Source Type: research

Predictors of neurocognitive impairment at 2years after a first-episode major depressive disorder
Neurocognitive impairment is a contributor to major depressive disorder (MDD). However, MDD patients show great variability in the level and course of deficits. The present longitudinal study was to identify predictors of neurocognitive impairment in first-episode MDD patients. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - March 29, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Chuan-zheng Gu, Hui-li He, Hui-feng Duan, Zhong-hua Su, Hong Chen, Jing-li Gan Source Type: research

New DSM-5 Criteria for ADHD- Does it Matter?
This study examines the prevalence of adults meeting the revised DSM-5 symptoms cutoff as compared to the previous DSM-IV symptoms cutoff. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - March 29, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tohar Rigler, Iris Manor, Adie Kalansky, Zamir Shorer, Iris Noyman, Yair Sadaka Source Type: research

Predictors of neurocognitive impairment at 2 years after a first-episode major depressive disorder
Neurocognitive impairment is a contributor to major depressive disorder (MDD). However, MDD patients show great variability in the level and course of deficits. The present longitudinal study was to identify predictors of neurocognitive impairment in first-episode MDD patients. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - March 29, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Chuan-zheng Gu, Hui-li He, Hui-feng Duan, Zhong-hua Su, Hong Chen, Jing-li Gan Source Type: research

Additional Support for the Cognitive Model of Schizophrenia: Evidence of Elevated Defeatist Beliefs in Schizotypy
The cognitive model of poor functioning in schizophrenia posits that defeatist performance beliefs—overgeneralized negative beliefs about one’s ability to perform tasks—develop prior to the onset of psychosis and contribute to the development and maintenance of negative symptoms and poor functioning. Although several studies with schizophrenia samples have provided support for the model, there is a paucity of research investigating these beliefs in individuals with schizotypy—those exhibiting traits reflecting a putative genetic liability for schizophrenia. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - March 28, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lauren Luther, Michelle P. Salyers, Ruth L. Firmin, Matthew P. Marggraf, Beshaun Davis, Kyle S. Minor Source Type: research

Differential Melatonin Alterations in Cerebrospinal Fluid and Serum of Patients with Major Depressive Disorder and Bipolar Disorder
Melatonin, which plays an important role for regulation of circadian rhythms and the sleep/wake cycle has been linked to the pathophysiology of major depressive and bipolar disorder. Here we investigated melatonin levels in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and serum of depression and bipolar patients to elucidate potential differences and commonalities in melatonin alterations across the two disorders. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - March 28, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: J.M. Bumb, F. Enning, Till van der List, C. Rohleder, P. Findeisen, I. Noelte, E. Schwarz, F.M. Leweke Source Type: research

Five-Year Follow-up of People Diagnosed with Compulsive Shopping Disorder
The authors assessed clinical symptoms and self-reported shopping and spending behavior in people diagnosed with compulsive shopping (CS) at a 5-year follow-up interview. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - March 28, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Donald W. Black, Martha Shaw, Jeff Allen Source Type: research

Quality of life of adult daughters of women with schizophrenia: Associations with psychological resource losses and gains
This study examined the relationship between perceived losses and gains of psychological resources and quality of life of adult daughters of women with schizophrenia. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - March 22, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jonathan Kushnir, Ora Alkan, Mor Bar, Talma Kushnir Source Type: research

Compulsive Buying Disorder Clustering Based on Sex, Age, Onset and Personality Traits
In spite of the revived interest in compulsive buying disorder (CBD), its classification into the contemporary nosologic systems continues to be debated, and scarce studies have addressed heterogeneity in the clinical phenotype through methodologies based on a person-centered approach. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - March 19, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Roser Granero, Fernando Fernández-Aranda, Marta Baño, Trevor Steward, Gemma Mestre-Bach, Amparo del Pino-Gutiérrez, Laura Moragas, Núria Mallorquí-Bagué, Neus Aymamí, Mónica Goméz-Peña, Salomé Tárrega, José M. Menchón, Susana Jiménez-Murcia Source Type: research

Facial emotion recognition in euthymic patients with bipolar disorder and their unaffected first-degree relatives
Facial emotion recognition (FER) is an important task associated with social cognition because facial expression is a significant source of non-verbal information that guides interpersonal relationships. Increasing evidence suggest that bipolar disorder (BD) patients present deficits in FER and these deficits may be present in individuals at high genetic risk for BD. The aim of this study was to evaluate the occurrence of FER deficits in euthymic BD patients, their first-degree relatives, and healthy controls (HC) and to consider if these deficits might be regarded as an endophenotype candidate for BD. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - March 10, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Francy de Brito Fereira Fernandes, Alexandre Duarte Gigante, Mariangeles Berutti, José Antônio Amaral, Karla Mathias de Almeida, Cristiana Castanho de Almeida Rocca, Beny Lafer, Fabiano Gonçalves Nery Source Type: research

Therapeutic alliance in psychological therapy for people with recent onset psychosis who use cannabis
This paper examines the role of therapeutic alliance in predicting outcomes in a Randomised Controlled Trial of Motivational Interviewing and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (MICBT) for problematic cannabis use in recent onset psychosis. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - March 1, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Katherine Berry, Lynsey Gregg, Fiona Lobban, Christine Barrowclough Source Type: research

Decreased Regional Gray Matter Volume in Suicide Attempters Compared to Suicide Non-attempters with Major Depressive Disorder
This study investigated regional gray matter (GM) volume differences between suicide attempters and suicide non-attempters with major depressive disorder (MDD) and their relationship with psychological risk factors for suicidality. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - February 29, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Yu Jin Lee, Soohyun Kim, Ah. Reum Gwak, Seog Ju Kim, Seung-Gul Kang, Kyoung-Sae Na, Young-Don Son, Juhyun Park Source Type: research

Similarities and Differences between Eating Disorders and Obese Patients in a Virtual Environment for Normalizing Eating Patterns
Virtual Reality has demonstrated promising results in the treatment of Eating Disorders (ED); however, few studies have examined its usefulness in treating obesity. The aim of this study was to compare ED and obese patients on their reality judgment of a virtual environment (VE) designed to normalize their eating pattern. A second objective was to study which variables predicted the reality of the experience of eating a virtual forbidden-fattening food. ED patients, obese patients, and a non-clinical group (N=62) experienced a non-immersive VE, and then completed reality judgment and presence measures. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - February 18, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Conxa Perpiñá, María Roncero Source Type: research

Sleep state misperception in schizophrenia: Are negative symptoms at work?
This study investigates subjective and objective sleep quality to ascertain whether there is a sleep state misperception in schizophrenia patients, as well as analyze potential effect factors. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - February 17, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Yun Bian, Zhi Xiong Wang, Xiao Le Han, Li Chen, Yu Zhu, Cheng Jing Wu Source Type: research

Comorbid panic disorder as an independent risk factor for suicide attempts in depressed outpatients
This study aimed to examine the relationship between comorbid panic disorder and clinical characteristics associated with suicidal risk as well as the likelihood of suicide attempt. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - February 17, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Yoon-Young Nam, Chan-Hyung Kim, Daeyoung Roh Source Type: research

Examining the Utility of Narrowing Anorexia Nervosa Subtypes for Adults
The purpose of this investigation was to examine whether narrowing the criteria of anorexia nervosa (AN) subtypes among adults based on further delineations of current binge eating and purging (i.e., binge eating only, purging only, binge eating and purging, and restricting only) improves the potential clinical utility of the current DSM-5 system that specifies two types (i.e., current binge eating and/or purging and restricting, specified as the absence of current binge eating and/or purging). (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - February 17, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Carol B. Peterson, Emily M. Pisetsky, Sonja A. Swanson, Ross D. Crosby, James E. Mitchell, Stephen A. Wonderlich, Daniel Le Grange, Laura Hill, Pauline Powers, Scott J. Crow Source Type: research