An association between the PPARα-L162V polymorphism and nicotine dependency among patients with schizophrenia
Patients with schizophrenia are more likely to be smokers than the general population, which makes them an interesting group with which to study the etiology of nicotine dependency. We studied the prevalence of a gene variant of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARα) in schizophrenia, together with nicotine dependency, to investigate whether the PPARα-L162V polymorphism (rs1800206) influences nicotine dependency in schizophrenia. Given evidence suggesting that smoking influences the severity of schizophrenia, together with our recent data linking the PPARα-L162V polymorphism to clinical ...
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - July 8, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sergej Nadalin, Alena Buretić-Tomljanović, Jelena Rebić, Ivana Pleša, Vesna Šendula Jengić Source Type: research

Temperament and characteristics related to attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms
In this study, we investigated the association of adult ADHD symptoms with temperament and character dimensions, taking into account possible sex interactions. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - July 5, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hwanjin Park, Byung Seong Suh, Hye-Kyung Lee, Kounseok Lee Source Type: research

Temperament and characteristics related to attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms
In this study, we investigated the association of adult ADHD symptoms with temperament and character dimensions, taking into account possible sex interactions. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - July 5, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hwanjin Park, Byung Seong Suh, Hye-Kyung Lee, Kounseok Lee Source Type: research

Borderline Personality Disorder and Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5): Dimensional personality assessment with DSM-5
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) diagnosis has been considered highly controversial. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5th edition (DSM-5) proposes an alternative hybrid diagnostic model for personality disorders (PD), and the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5) has adequate psychometric properties and has been widely used for the assessment of the dimensional component. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - July 4, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Natalia Calvo, Sergi Valero, Naia S áez-Francàs, Fernando Gutiérrez, Miguel Casas, Marc Ferrer Source Type: research

Borderline Personality Disorder and Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5): Dimensional Personality Assessment with DSM-5
Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) diagnosis has been considered highly controversial. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5th edition (DSM-5) proposes an alternative hybrid diagnostic model for Personality Disorders (PD), and the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5) has adequate psychometric properties and has been widely used for the assessment of the dimensional component. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - July 4, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Natalia Calvo, Sergi Valero, Naia Sáez-Francàs, Fernando Gutiérrez, Miguel Casas, Marc Ferrer Source Type: research

Relation of formal thought disorder to symptomatic remission and social functioning in schizophrenia
The aim of this cross-sectional study is to examine the relation of formal thought disorder (FTD) with symptomatic remission (SR) and social functioning in patients with schizophrenia. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - July 3, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Berna Yal ınçetin, Halis Ulaş, Levent Var, Tolga Binbay, Berna Binnur Akdede, Köksal Alptekin Source Type: research

Self concepts, health locus of control and cognitive functioning associated with health-promoting lifestyles in schizophrenia
We examined health-promoting lifestyles through self-efficacy, self-esteem, health locus of control and neurocognitive factors. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - June 29, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Shu Ping Chuang, Jo Yung Wei Wu, Chien Shu Wang, Chia Hsuan Liu, Li Hsiang Pan Source Type: research

Diagnostic profiles of adult psychiatric outpatients with and without attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
This study compared the prevalence rates of all major Axis I disorders as well as borderline personality disorder in an unselected sample of adult psychiatric outpatients with and without ADHD. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - June 28, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Eugenia I. Gorlin, Kristy Dalrymple, Iwona Chelminski, Mark Zimmerman Source Type: research

Diagnostic profiles of adult psychiatric outpatients with and without Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
This study compared the prevalence rates of all major Axis I disorders as well as borderline personality disorder in an unselected sample of adult psychiatric outpatients with and without ADHD. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - June 28, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Eugenia I. Gorlin, Kristy Dalrymple, Iwona Chelminski, Mark Zimmerman Source Type: research

Major depressive disorder and subthreshold depression in prepubertal children from the Danish National Birth Cohort
Subthreshold Depression (SD) is an impairing condition that might convert into Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). Still, the characteristics of childhood SD are largely unknown. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - June 21, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Rikke Wesselhoeft, Einar R. Heiervang, Per Kragh-S ørensen, Merete Juul Sørensen, Niels Bilenberg Source Type: research

Contribution of long duration of undiagnosed bipolar disorder to high frequency of relapse: A naturalistic study in China
This study aims to investigate the contributions of long DUBP to the frequency of relapse in bipolar patients, and explore affect factors of DUBP. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - June 21, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Wu Hong, Chen Zhang, Meng Juan Xing, Dai Hui Peng, Zhi Guo Wu, Zuo Wei Wang, Jun Chen, Cheng Mei Yuan, You Song Su, Ying Yan Hu, Lan Cao, Yong Wang, Jia Huang, Wei Hong Lu, Zheng Hui Yi, Xin Yu, Jing Ping Zhao, Qinting Zhang, Yi Ru Fang Source Type: research

Major depressive disorder and subthreshold depression in prepubertal children from the Danish National Birth Cohort
Subthreshold Depression (SD) is an impairing condition that might convert into Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). Still, the characteristics of childhood SD are largely unknown. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - June 21, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Rikke Wesselhoeft, Einar R. Heiervang, Per Kragh-Sørensen, Merete Juul Sørensen, Niels Bilenberg Source Type: research

Contribution of long duration of undiagnosed bipolar disorder to high frequency of relapse: a naturalistic study in China
This study aims to investigate the contributions of long DUBP to the frequency of relapse in bipolar patients, and explore affect factors of DUBP. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - June 21, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Wu Hong, Chen Zhang, Meng Juan Xing, DaiHui Peng, Zhi Guo Wu, Zuo Wei Wang, Jun Chen, Cheng Mei Yuan, You Song Su, Ying Yan Hu, Lan Cao, Yong Wang, Jia Huang, Wei Hong Lu, Zheng Hui Yi, Xin Yu, Jing Ping Zhao, Qinting Zhang, Yi Ru Fang Source Type: research

Major Depressive Disorder and Subthreshold Depression in pre-pubertal children from The Danish National Birth Cohort
Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is a frequent and distressing mental disorder [1], representing one of the top five contributors to the global burden of disease in Europe and North America [2,3]. Childhood onset MDD shows a high recurrence [4] and adolescents with MDD have a 40% risk of a recurrent depressive episode within two years [5]. Therefore, youth with MDD have a high risk for multiple depressive episodes during the crucial period of development. MDD is associated with more suicidal attempts if onset occurs in youth compared to adulthood [6]. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - June 21, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Rikke Wesselhoeft, Einar R. Heiervang, Per Kragh-Sørensen, Merete Juul Sørensen, Niels Bilenberg Source Type: research

Potential impact of internet addiction and protective psychosocial factors onto depression among Hong Kong Chinese adolescents – direct, mediation and moderation effects
Internet addiction (IA) is a risk factor while some psychosocial factors can be protective against depression among adolescents. Mechanisms of IA onto depression in terms of mediations and moderations involving protective factors are unknown and were investigated in this study. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - June 15, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Anise M.S. Wu, Jibin Li, Joseph T.F. Lau, Phoenix K.H. Mo, Mason M.C. Lau Source Type: research

Potential impact of Internet addiction and protective psychosocial factors onto depression among Hong Kong Chinese adolescents – direct, mediation and moderation effects
Internet addiction (IA) is a risk factor while some psychosocial factors can be protective against depression among adolescents. Mechanisms of IA onto depression in terms of mediations and moderations involving protective factors are unknown and were investigated in this study. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - June 15, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Anise M.S. Wu, Jibin Li, Joseph T.F. Lau, Phoenix K.H. Mo, Mason M.C. Lau Source Type: research

Self-evaluation and objective assessment of cognition in major depression and attention deficit disorder: Implications for clinical practice
One of the major challenges associated with the assessment of cognitive functioning in psychiatric populations is the choice of an evaluation tool. Access to cognitive assessment is often limited by issues of expense and by the lengthiness of the testing procedure. As a result, an interest emerged in the development of self-administered questionnaires to assess an individual's perception of their own cognitive functioning. These questionnaires could be more easily used for screening as part of a routine psychiatric consultation. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - June 13, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: St éphane Potvin, Genevieve Charbonneau, Robert-Paul Juster, Scot Purdon, Smadar Valérie Tourjman Source Type: research

Obsessive compulsive symptoms are associated with better functioning independently of cognition in schizophrenia
Although the relationship of obsessive –compulsive symptoms (OCSs) with both cognition and social functioning (SF) has already been the focus of research in schizophrenia, the moderation of the relationship of OCSs with SF by cognition has not been explored to date. We investigated the association of OCSs with SF and its interaction wi th cognition in schizophrenia. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - June 13, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Dimitrios Kontis, Eirini Theochari, Mary Nikolakopoulou, Angeliki Andreopoulou, Dimitrios Vassos, Vasileios Grigoriou, Spyridoula Vassilouli, Dimitra Giannakopoulou, Maria Kouloumbi, Eleftheria Tsaltas Source Type: research

Self-evaluation and objective assessment of cognition in major depression and attention deficit disorder: Implications for clinical practice
One of the major challenges associated with the assessment of cognitive functioning in psychiatric populations is the choice of an evaluation tool. Access to cognitive assessment is often limited by issues of expense and by the lengthiness of the testing procedure. As a result, an interest emerged in the development of self-administered questionnaires to assess an individual's perception of their own cognitive functioning. These questionnaires could be more easily used for screening as part of a routine psychiatric consultation. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - June 13, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Stéphane Potvin, Genevieve Charbonneau, Robert-Paul Juster, Scot Purdon, Smadar Valérie Tourjman Source Type: research

Self-evaluation and objective assesment of cognition in major depression and attention deficit disorder: implications for clinical practice
One of the major challenges associated with the assessment of cognitive functioning in psychiatric populations is the choice of an evaluation tool. Access to cognitive assessment is often limited by issues of expense and by the lengthiness of the testing procedure. As a result, an interest emerged in the development of self-administered questionnaires to assess an individual's perception of their own cognitive functioning. These questionnaires could be more easily used for screening as part of a routine psychiatric consultation. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - June 13, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Stéphane Potvin, Genevieve Charbonneau, Robert-Paul Juster, Scot Purdon, Smadar Valérie Tourjman Source Type: research

Obsessive compulsive symptoms are associated with better functioning independently of cognition in schizophrenia
Although the relationship of obsessive–compulsive symptoms (OCSs) with both cognition and social functioning (SF) has already been the focus of research in schizophrenia, the moderation of the relationship of OCSs with SF by cognition has not been explored to date. We investigated the association of OCSs with SF and its interaction with cognition in schizophrenia. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - June 13, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Dimitrios Kontis, Eirini Theochari, Mary Nikolakopoulou, Angeliki Andreopoulou, Dimitrios Vassos, Vasileios Grigoriou, Spyridoula Vassilouli, Dimitra Giannakopoulou, Maria Kouloumbi, Eleftheria Tsaltas Source Type: research

Double RASS cutpoint accurately diagnosed suicidal risk in females with long-term conditions attending the Emergency Department compared to their male counterparts
Suicidal risk is often unrecognised in Emergency Department (ED). We aimed to assess its prevalence in patients with long-term conditions (LTCs) attending an ED and to test whether gender differences influence suicidal risk assessment, using the diagnostic accuracy properties of the Risk Assessment Suicidality Scale (RASS). (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - June 13, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Elisavet Ntountoulaki, Elspeth Guthrie, Konstantinos Kotsis, Vassiliki Paika, Athina Tatsioni, Barbara Tomenson, Konstantinos N. Fountoulakis, Andre F. Carvalho, Thomas Hyphantis, On behalf of the ARISTEIA-ABREVIATE Study Group members Source Type: research

Do spirituality and religiousness differ with regard to personality and recovery from depression? A follow-up study
This study followed influence of spirituality and religiousness on course and outcome of depression in patients with depressive episode, controlled for personality dimensions. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - June 12, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sanea Mihaljevic, Branka Aukst-Margetic, Snjezana Karnicnik, Bjanka Vuksan-Cusa, Milan Milosevic Source Type: research

Differences between female suicidal patients with family history of suicide attempt and family history of completed suicide
Family history of suicidal behavior and suicide are both risk factors for suicide. However, the effects of family history of suicide versus suicide attempts on patient suicidal behavior remain unclear. The aim of the present study was to understand if family history of suicide as compared to family history of suicide attempts or no family history of suicidal behavior evidences different associations with suicidal behavior among psychiatric patients. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - June 12, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: D. Rodante, S.M. Rojas, M.T. Feldner, C. Dutton, F. Rebok, G.L. Teti, L. Grendas, A. F ógola, F.M. Daray Source Type: research

Recognition of emotional facial expressions in anxious and nonanxious depression
Anxiety and depression have each been independently associated with impairments in emotional face recognition. However, little is known about the nature of these impairments when anxiety and depression co-occur. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - June 12, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hannah E. Berg, Elizabeth D. Ballard, David A. Luckenbaugh, Allison C. Nugent, Dawn F. Ionescu, Carlos A. Zarate Source Type: research

Which Dimension of Parenting Predict the Change of Callous Unemotional Traits in Children with Disruptive Behavior Disorder?
Several studies suggested that in addition to child-driven factors (i.e., temperamental style), parenting behavior can, at least in part, influence the maintenance of Callous Unemotional (CU) traits in children; however, more information is needed to distinguish which styles (negative parenting or lack of positive parenting) predict increased levels of CU traits. The aim of the present treatment study was to examine which components of parenting are longitudinally associated with levels of CU traits in children with a disruptive behavior disorder diagnosis. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - June 12, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Pietro Muratori, John E. Lochman, Elisa Lai, Annarita Milone, Annalaura Nocentini, Simone Pisano, Elisabetta Righini, Gabriele Masi Source Type: research

Do spirituality and religiousness differ with regard to personality and recovery from depression? A follow-up study
Spirituality, religiousness and personality have proven in a series of studies to be important factors for the continuation and course of depression, though their mutual association and their relations towards recovering from depression have been insufficiently studied. Research to date on the effects of spirituality and religiousness on health have primarily been directed at specific subpopulations, such as the elderly[1,2,3,4,5,6], adolescents [7], the physically ill [8,9,10], those suffering from carcinoma [11,12,13,14], and the terminally ill [15,16]. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - June 12, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sanea Mihaljevic, Branka Aukst-Margetic, Snjezana Karnicnik, Bjanka Vuksan-Cusa, Milan Milosevic Source Type: research

Differences between Female Suicidal Patients with Family History of Suicide Attempt and Family History of Completed Suicide
Family history of suicidal behavior and suicide are both risk factors for suicide. However, the effects of family history of suicide verse suicide attempts on patient suicidal behavior remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to understand if family history of suicide as compared to family history of suicide attempts or no family history of suicidal behavior evidences different associations with suicidal behavior among psychiatric patients. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - June 12, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: D. Rodante, S.M. Rojas, M.T. Feldner, C. Dutton, F. Rebok, G.L. Teti, L. Grendas, A. Fógola, F.M. Daray Source Type: research

Recognition of Emotional Facial Expressions in Anxious and Nonanxious Depression
Anxiety and depression have each been independently associated with impairments in emotional face recognition. However, little is known about the nature of these impairments when anxiety and depression co-occur. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - June 12, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hannah E. Berg, Elizabeth D. Ballard, David A. Luckenbaugh, Allison C. Nugent, Dawn F. Ionescu, Carlos A. Zarate Source Type: research

Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of benzodiazepine long-term users: results from a tertiary care centre
This study aimed at evaluating socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of BZD long-term users who followed a detoxification programme at a tertiary care centre. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - June 12, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: F. Cosci, G. Mansueto, M. Faccini, R. Casari, F. Lugoboni Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Sex Hormone Profiles and Symptoms of Schizophrenia in men
This study compares the relationship between severity of disease symptoms and levels of estradiol, progesterone, testosterone, DHEA-S, prolactin and cortisol in male schizophrenia patients and a matched group of healthy controls. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - June 12, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Süheyla Doğan Bulut, Serdar Bulut, Olga Güriz Source Type: research

1H-MRS asymmetry changes in the anterior and posterior cingulate gyrus in patients with mild cognitive impairment and mild Alzheimer's disease
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia worldwide. Amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) is often the prodromal stage to AD. Most patients with aMCI harbor the pathologic changes of AD and demonstrate transition to AD at a rate of 10–15% per year. Patients with AD and aMCI experience progressive brain metabolite changes. Accumulating evidence indicates that the asymmetry changes of left and right brain have happened in the early stage of AD. However, the features of asymmetry changes in both anterior cingulate gyrus (ACG) and posterior cingulate gyrus (PCG) are still unclear. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - June 8, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Zhongwei Guo, Xiaozheng Liu, Hongtao Hou, Fuquan Wei, Xingli Chen, Yuedi Shen, Wei Chen Source Type: research

Comorbid intermittent explosive disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder: Clinical correlates and relationship to suicidal behavior
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with both aggressive and suicidal behavior. Recent research suggests that the diagnosis of intermittent explosive disorder (IED), an impulse-control disorder characterized by repeated impulsive aggressive behavior, may help to identify individuals at risk for attempting suicide. Given the relationship between anger and PTSD, there is likely to be an increased prevalence of IED among individuals with PTSD; however, little is known about the overlap in these two disorders, including how individuals with comorbid IED and PTSD may differ from those with either disorder alone. ...
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - June 2, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jennifer R. Fanning, Royce Lee, Emil F. Coccaro Source Type: research

Comorbid intermittent explosive disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder: Clinical correlates and relationship to suicidal behavior
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with both aggressive and suicidal behavior. Recent research suggests that the diagnosis of Intermittent Explosive Disorder (IED), an impulse-control disorder characterized by repeated impulsive aggressive behavior, may help to identify individuals at risk for attempting suicide. Given the relationship between anger and PTSD, there is likely to be an increased prevalence of IED among individuals with PTSD; however, little is known about the overlap in these two disorders, including how individuals with comorbid IED and PTSD may differ from those with either disorder alone. ...
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - June 2, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jennifer R. Fanning, Royce Lee, Emil F. Coccaro Source Type: research

Risky use and misuse of alcohol and cigarettes in psychiatric inpatients: a screening questionnaire study
Mental disorders are associated with an increased prevalence of substance use disorders (SUDs). Despite this comorbidity being firmly established, alcohol and nicotine risky use and misuse are not routinely and systematically assessed in clinical practice. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - May 31, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jacopo V. Bizzarri, Valentina Casetti, Patrizia Panzani, Juliane Unterhauser, Stefania Mulas, Antonio Fanolla, Claudia Zitelli, Alessandro Briani, Giancarlo Giupponi, Icro Maremmani, Andreas Conca Source Type: research

Differential effects of sex on substance use between first episode psychosis patients and healthy people
Substance use in psychosis is an important field of study given that it can be a risk factor for the development of psychosis and can give rise to psychotic symptoms. Studies of substance use in first episode psychosis patients do not frequently assess non-pathological substance consumption among patients, but rather the prevalence of substance abuse or dependence disorders. Moreover, most of these studies do not address the effects of sex in sufficient depth, and the consumption of caffeine or tobacco, which are two of the most frequently used substances, is often not assessed. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - May 31, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Christian Núñez, Susana Ochoa, Elena Huerta-Ramos, Iris Baños, Ana Barajas, Montserrat Dolz, Bernardo Sánchez, Núria del Cacho, GENIPE Group, Judith Usall Source Type: research

Risky use and misuse of alcohol and cigarettes in psychiatric inpatients: a screening questionnaire study
Mental disorders are associated with an increased prevalence of substance use disorders (SUDs). Despite this comorbidity being firmly established, alcohol and nicotine risky use and misuse are not routinely and systematically assessed in clinical practice. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - May 31, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jacopo V. Bizzarri, Valentina Casetti, Patrizia Panzani, Juliane Unterhauser, Stefania Mulas, Antonio Fanolla, Claudia Zitelli, Alessandro Briani, Giancarlo Giupponi, Icro Maremmani, Andreas Conca Source Type: research

Correlates and prognostic relevance of sleep irregularity in inter-episode bipolar disorder
Sleep–wake disturbances, such as sleep irregularity, are common in bipolar disorder. Early studies suggest that sleep irregularity is associated with mood symptoms in bipolar disorder, but little research has been conducted to identify other correlates of sleep irregularity. We investigated the relationship between sleep irregularity and sleep quality, social rhythms, eveningness, sleep-related cognitions and behaviors, and past and future mood episodes in 84 patients with inter-episode bipolar I or II disorder. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - May 30, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tommy H. Ng, Ka-Fai Chung, Ting-Kin Ng, Chit-Tat Lee, Man-Sum Chan Source Type: research

The role of alexithymia: An 8-year follow-up study of chronic pain patients
The aim of this 8-year follow-up study was to ascertain changes in alexithymia, depressiveness and pain situation in a sample of chronic pain patients and to explore the impact of alexithymia and depression on the outcome. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - May 28, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Anita S. Saariaho, Tom H. Saariaho, Aino K. Mattila, Matti I. Joukamaa, Max Karukivi Source Type: research

The role of alexithymia: An eight-year follow-up study of chronic pain patients
The aim of this eight-year follow-up study was to ascertain changes in alexithymia, depressiveness and pain situation in a sample of chronic pain patients and to explore the impact of alexithymia and depression on the outcome. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - May 28, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Anita S. Saariaho, Tom H. Saariaho, Aino K. Mattila, Matti I. Joukamaa, Max Karukivi Source Type: research

Implicit Memory in Schizophrenia: A Meta-Analysis
Previous studies examining implicit memory in schizophrenia yielded inconsistent results. The present meta-analysis aimed at determining whether, compared to healthy controls, schizophrenic patients: a) exhibited reduced priming in the whole set of studies; b) were differentially impaired in conceptual/perceptual and production/identification tests; and c) were less efficient in the use of semantic encoding processes. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - May 24, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Pietro Spataro, Daniele Saraulli, Vincenzo Cestari, Marco Costanzi, Antonio Sciarretta, Clelia Rossi-Arnaud Source Type: research

A discussion of various aspects of panic disorder depending on presence or absence of agoraphobia
The quality of life of individuals with panic disorder and agoraphobia can be improved by the alleviation of agoraphobia. In other words, examining panic disorder in terms of whether or not agoraphobia is present is crucial. The current study examined panic disorder from this perspective. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - May 24, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ken Inoue, Hisanobu Kaiya, Naomi Hara, Yuji Okazaki Source Type: research

Patients' resilience and distress over time: Is resilience a prognostic indicator of treatment?
Resilience is a positive adaptation or the ability to maintain mental health despite experiencing difficulty. Many researchers are linking resilience with many aspects of life, most often with better mental health. Resilience can affect health status and symptoms, but conversely, it can also be affected by health status or symptoms. From the literature it appears that resilience can even be a predictor of psychiatric symptoms. Resilience can predict severity of symptoms, but the question is whether symptoms can also affect resilience over time when previous levels of resilience are controlled for. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - May 19, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Vilmantė Pakalniškienė, Rima Viliūnienė, Jan Hilbig Source Type: research

Exploring the clinical utility of the DSM-5 conduct disorder specifier of ‘with limited prosocial emotions’ in an adolescent inpatient sample
With the recent addition of a callous-unemotional (CU) specifier to the diagnosis of conduct disorder (CD) in the DSM-5, studies are needed to evaluate the clinical utility of this specifier and the best ways to identify youth meeting criteria for this specifier in clinical samples. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - May 18, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Salome Vanwoerden, Tyson Reuter, Carla Sharp Source Type: research

Metacognition moderates the relationship between dysfunctional self-appraisal and social functioning in prolonged schizophrenia independent of psychopathology
In this study, we examined the hypothesis that both higher metacognition and more positive self-appraisal are necessary for increased social functioning. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - May 13, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Alison V. James, Ilanit Hasson-Ohayon, Jenifer Vohs, Kyle S. Minor, Bethany L. Leonhardt, Kelly D. Buck, Sunita George, Paul H. Lysaker Source Type: research

Levels of mania and cognitive performance two years after ECT in patients with bipolar I disorder – results from a follow-up study
There is limited evidence on the long-term outcomes for patients with bipolar I disorde (BP-I-D) and treated with ECT. Therefore, we asked whether mania scores and cognitive performance at the end of ECT treatment (baseline/BL) predicted mania scores, cognitive performance, recurrence, treatment adherence, and mood (depression; hypomania) two years later (follow-up/FU). (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - May 12, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Mohammad Haghighi, Reza Barikani, Leila Jahangard, Mohammad Ahmadpanah, Hafez Bajoghli, Dena Sadeghi Bahmani, Edith Holsboer-Trachsler, Serge Brand Source Type: research

Normative data of the Magical Ideation Scale from childhood to adulthood in an Italian cohort
This study aims at providing an Italian version of the MIS and its normative data in the general population from childhood to adulthood, being the first study evaluating subjects under 17year-old. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - May 11, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Marco Garzitto, Angelo Picardi, Livia Fornasari, Antonella Gigantesco, Michela Sala, Corrado Fagnani, Maria Antonietta Stazi, Valentina Ciappolino, Franco Fabbro, Alfredo Carlo Altamura, Paolo Brambilla Source Type: research

Correlation between the level of microRNA expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells and symptomatology in patients with generalized anxiety disorder
This study investigated the correlation between the level of microRNA expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and symptomatology in patients with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). MicroRNA array was performed in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) obtained from GAD patients with gender, age, ethnicity-matched healthy controls. Then real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to verify the top 7 miRNAs with the highest fold-change values in 76 GAD patients and 39 healthy controls. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - May 9, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sheng-dong Chen, Xin-yang Sun, Wei Niu, Ling-ming Kong, Ming-jun He, Hui-min Fan, Wan-shuai Li, Ai-fang Zhong, Li-yi Zhang, Jim Lu Source Type: research