An Examination of the Role of Intolerance of Distress and Uncertainty in Hoarding Symptoms
Hoarding disorder (HD) is a common and debilitating disorder characterized by an accumulation of and failure to discard one's possessions. The identification and examination of underlying factors that may contribute to hoarding symptoms is needed to elucidate the nature of the disorder and refine existing treatments. Two transdiagnostic vulnerability factors that have been associated with hoarding symptoms are distress intolerance (DI) and intolerance of uncertainty (IU). (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - October 14, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Brittany M. Mathes, Mary E. Oglesby, Nicole A. Short, Amberly Portero, Amanda M. Raines, Norman B. Schmidt Source Type: research

Is Gambling Disorder associated with impulsivity traits measured by the UPPS-P and is this association moderated by sex and age?
Impulsivity is a construct that is strongly associated with Gambling Disorder (GD). The main objectives in the present study are: 1) to explore the role of sex and age on impulsivity levels in GD patients; 2) to identify the relationship of the different impulsivity facets with comorbid psychopathology and other personality traits in GD patients; and (3) to assess whether impulsivity is a predictor for the severity of GD. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - October 9, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lamprini G. Savvidou, Ana B. Fagundo, F Fern ández-Aranda, R Granero, Laurence Claes, Núria Mallorquí-Baqué, Antonio Verdejo-García, Howard Steiger, Mimi Israel, Laura Moragas, Amparo del Pino-Gutiérrez, Neus Aymamí, Mónica Gómez-Peña, Zaida Ag Source Type: research

The effect of treatment on quality of life and functioning in OCD
Given that Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is associated with impaired quality of life (QoL) and functioning, it is important examine whether therapeutic recovery from OCD leads to improvements on these important secondary outcomes. Only a few studies have examined how measures of OCD symptom severity relate to QoL and functioning among patients receiving treatment for OCD. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - October 8, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Anu Asnaani, Antonia N. Kaczkurkin, Elizabeth Alpert, Carmen P. McLean, H. Blair Simpson, Edna B. Foa Source Type: research

The Modular Assessment of Risk for Imminent Suicide (MARIS): a proof of concept for a multi-informant tool for evaluation of short-term suicide risk
To date, no diagnostic tool has demonstrated clinical value for the assessment of short-term suicide risk among high-risk individuals. To this end we have developed the Modular Assessment of Risk for Imminent Suicide (MARIS), a modular patient and clinician informed risk evaluation instrument. Here we assess its predictive validity for suicidal behavior (SB) in psychiatric patients following discharge from an inpatient unit. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - October 6, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Mariah Hawes, Zimri Yaseen, Jessica Briggs, Igor Galynker Source Type: research

War and Remembrance: Combat Exposure in Young Adulthood and Memory Function Sixty Years Later
Identifying adaptive ways to cope with extreme stress is essential to promoting long-term health. Memory systems are highly sensitive to stress, and combat exposure during war has been shown to have deleterious effects on cognitive processes, such as memory, decades later. No studies have examined coping styles used by combat veterans and associations with later-life cognitive functioning. Defenses are coping mechanisms that manage difficult memories and feelings, with some more closely related to memory processes (e.g., suppression, repression). (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - October 6, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Michael D. Nevarez, Johanna C. Malone, Dorene M. Rentz, Robert J. Waldinger Source Type: research

Attentional and motor impulsivity interactively predict ‘food addiction’ in obese individuals
Impulsivity is a multifaceted construct and constitutes a common risk factor for a range of behaviors associated with poor self-control (e.g., substance use or binge eating). The short form of the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-15) measures impulsive behaviors related to attentional (inability to focus attention or concentrate), motor (acting without thinking), and non-planning (lack of future orientation or forethought) impulsivity. Eating-related measures appear to be particularly related to attentional and motor impulsivity and recent findings suggest that interactive effects between these two facets may play a role i...
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - October 4, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Adrian Meule, Martina de Zwaan, Astrid M üller Source Type: research

Purinergic system dysfunctions in subjects with bipolar disorder: a comparative cross-sectional study
Subjects with bipolar mania may have increased uric acid levels, based on a purinergic system dysfunction with reduced neurotransmission of adenosine. We investigated whether there were differences in uric acid levels between individuals with bipolar disorder (in manic or depressive phases) and those with major depressive disorder. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - September 29, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Francesco Bartoli, Cristina Crocamo, Antonios Dakanalis, Enrico Brosio, Alessio Miotto, Enrico Capuzzi, Massimo Clerici, Giuseppe Carr à Source Type: research

The Temporal Stability of the Bifactor Model of Comorbidity: An Examination of Moderated Continuity Pathways
Structural models of psychopathology indicate that common mental disorder comorbidity reflects latent transdiagnostic factors. Multiple studies have replicated transdiagnostic internalizing (mood and anxiety disorders) and externalizing (substance use, antisociality-, and impulsivity-related disorders) factors; other studies support distress and fear sub-factors of internalizing. These factors show a high degree of temporal stability. Recently, a bifactor conceptualization of multivariate comorbidity has emerged, positing the existence of an orthogonal general psychopathology factor that saturates all diagnoses in addition...
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - September 27, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ashley L. Greene, Nicholas R. Eaton Source Type: research

The relationship between self-reported childhood adversities, adulthood psychopathology and psychological stress markers in patients with schizophrenia
Childhood adversity is a well-established risk factor for the development of schizophrenia. In particular, there is evidence that childhood adversity increases the occurrence of positive symptoms, possibly through glucocorticoid influences on dopaminergic neurotransmission. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - September 23, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Dea Seidenfaden, Ulla Knorr, Mia Greisen Soendergaard, Henrik Enghusen Poulsen, Anders Fink-Jensen, Martin Balslev Jorgensen, Anders Jorgensen Source Type: research

Measuring attitudes towards suicide: Preliminary evaluation of an attitude towards suicide scale
Our study aimed to validate a previously published scale assessing attitudes towards suicide. Factor structure, convergent and discriminant validity, and predictive validity were investigated. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - September 23, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jan Christopher Cwik, Benedikt Till, Angela Bieda, Simon E. Blackwell, Carolin Walter, Tobias Teismann Source Type: research

Post-traumatic Stress Disorder in a Sample of Syrian Refugees in Lebanon
The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and identify its possible predictors, in a sample of Syrian refugees living in camps in Lebanon. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - September 23, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Francois Kazour, Nada R. Zahreddine, Michel G. Maragel, Mustafa A. Almustafa, Ramzi Haddad, Michel Soufia, Ramzi Haddad, Sami Richa Source Type: research

Intimate partner violence is associated with increased maternal hair cortisol in mother –child dyads
The chronic consequences of intimate partner violence (IPV) on HPA activation are a topic of debate. The current study investigated hair cortisol concentrations in female victims of IPV and their children. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - September 18, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Mariana G. Boeckel, Thiago Wendt Viola, Ledo Daruy-Filho, Manuela Martinez, Rodrigo Grassi-Oliveira Source Type: research

Trichotillomania and Co-occurring Anxiety
Trichotillomania appears to be a fairly common disorder, with high rates of co-occurring anxiety disorders. Many individuals with trichotillomania also report that pulling worsens during periods of increased anxiety. Even with these clinical links to anxiety, little research has explored whether trichotillomania with co-occurring anxiety is a meaningful subtype. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - September 15, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jon E. Grant, Sarah A. Redden, Eric W. Leppink, Samuel R. Chamberlain Source Type: research

Mental Health Problems among Children and Adolescents Experiencing two Major Earthquakes in Remote Mountainous Regions: A Longitudinal Study
Millions of children were exposed to major earthquake in China, with serious psychological and developmental consequences. To obtain accurate rate of post-disaster related disorder and identify predictors may help inform post-disaster rescue and rehabilitation efforts. The present longitudinal study explored correlations of demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of juvenile survivors of the Ya'an and Wenchuan earthquakes in China with their trajectories of post-disaster related disorder. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - September 12, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Wanjie Tang, Jingdong Zhao, Yi Lu, Tingting Yan, Lijuan Wang, Jun Zhang, Jiuping Xu Source Type: research

Psychological and neuropsychological assessment of regular hoasca users
Hoasca (also called ayahuasca) is a N,N-dimethyltryptamine (DMT) -containing psychedelic brew originally used for magico-religious purposes by Amerindian populations of the Amazon Basin. Recently, Brazilian syncretic churches have helped spread the ritual use of hoasca to Western societies. The aim of this study was to evaluate substance use, and neuropsychological and psychological functioning of regular hoasca users within a religious setting. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - September 11, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Paulo Cesar Ribeiro Barbosa, Rick J. Strassman, Dartiu Xavier da Silveira, Kelsy Areco, Robert Hoy, Jessica Pommy, Robert Thoma, Michael Bogenschutz Source Type: research

Adult Separation Anxiety Disorder in Complicated Grief: an exploratory study on frequency and correlates
Complicated Grief (CG) has been the subject of increasing attention in the past decades but its relationship with Separation Anxiety Disorder (SEPAD) is still controversial. The aim of the current study was to explore the prevalence and clinical significance of adult SEPAD in a sample of help-seeking individuals with CG. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - September 9, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Camilla Gesi, Claudia Carmassi, Katherine M. Shear, Theresa Schwartz, Angela Ghesquiere, Julie Khaler, Liliana Dell'Osso Source Type: research

Luteinizing Hormone-Follicle Stimulating Hormone ratio as biological predictor of post-partum depression
Post-partum depression (PPD) is the common adverse outcome of child bearing which affects the wellbeing of both mother and newborn and has long-term effects. Hence reliable potential biological tests for early detection of PPD are essential. Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) and Luteinizing Hormone (LH) were associated with depressive disorders and the present study estimated the levels of serum FSH, LH in postpartum depression and explored them as predictive biomarkers in the development of PPD. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - September 4, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: R. Raji, Leena Sharon, Nancy R. Premkumar, Shivanand Kattimani, Haritha Sagili, Soundravally Rajendiran Source Type: research

Borderline Personality Disorder in Youth: The Prospective Impact of Child Abuse on Non-Suicidal Self-Injury and Suicidality
Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is characterized by greater engagement in non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicidality. The aim of the study is to test whether the occurrence of child abuse contributes to these high-risk behaviors in BPD youth. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - September 4, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Cynthia Kaplan, Naomi Tarlow, Jeremy G. Stewart, Blaise Aguirre, Gillian Galen, Randy P. Auerbach Source Type: research

One-year follow-up study of first suicide attempts in first episode psychosis: Personality traits and temporal pattern
Suicide and suicide behaviour represent a challenging issue in the early phases of psychosis. Suicide is the single most important cause of premature death in the early phases of schizophrenia [1 –3]. Estimated risks of suicide during the five years following first episode of psychosis (FEP) are 18% suicide attempts (SA) and 3% completion [4]. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - September 2, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Manuel Canal-Rivero, Maria Luisa Barrig ón, Salvador Perona-Garcelán, Juan F. Rodriguez-Testal, Lucas Giner, Jordi E. Obiols-Llandrich, Miguel Ruiz-Veguilla Source Type: research

Interaction of Multiple Gene Variants and their Effects on Schizophrenia Phenotypes
This study investigates the relationship between schizophrenia susceptibility genes and schizophrenia sub-phenotypes by identifying multiple gene variant interactions. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - August 31, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sern-Yih Cheah, Janine K. Lurie, Bruce R. Lawford, Ross McD. Young, Charles P. Morris, Joanne Voisey Source Type: research

Skin picking in a non-clinical sample of young Polish adults. Prevalence and characteristics
Picking, digging or squeezing one's skin are common human behaviours that in most cases do not reach the level of pathology. However, some individuals pick their skin so frequently, intensely or repetitively that it leads to visible tissue damage, significant distress, and impaired daily functioning. Skin picking is considered to be a psychological disorder in such cases [e.g. 1, 2, 3]. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - August 28, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Katarzyna Prochwicz, Alina Ka łużna-Wielobób, Joanna Kłosowska Source Type: research

The communicative impairment as a core feature of schizophrenia: Frequency of pragmatic deficit, cognitive substrates, and relation with quality of life
Impairments in specific aspects of pragmatic competence, supporting the use of language in context, are largely documented in schizophrenia and might represent an indicator of poor outcome. Yet pragmatics is rarely included in clinical settings. This paper aims to promote a clinical consideration of pragmatics as a target of assessment and intervention. We investigated the frequency of the pragmatic deficit, its cognitive substrates, and the relation with quality of life. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - August 24, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Valentina Bambini, Giorgio Arcara, Margherita Bechi, Mariachiara Buonocore, Roberto Cavallaro, Marta Bosia Source Type: research

Hyperprolactinemia, prolactin-related side effects and quality of life in Chinese psychiatric patients
To examine the frequency of hyperprolactinemia and the socio-demographic, clinical and quality of life (QOL) correlates. The frequency of prolactin-related side effects and associated subjective experiences were also examined. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - August 22, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Feng-Rong An, Rui Yang, Zhi-Min Wang, Gabor S. Ungvari, Chee H. Ng, Helen F.K. Chiu, Ping-Ping Wu, Xin Jin, Lu Li, Grace K.I. Lok, Yu-Tao Xiang Source Type: research

Associations of differential schizotypal dimensions with executive working memory: a moderated-mediation analysis
In this study we examined the effects of four schizotypal dimensions [Negative (NegS), Paranoid (ParS), Cognitive-Perceptual (CPS), Disorganized (DiS)] on executive working memory (EWM), as mediated by set-shifting, planning and control inhibition. We also examined whether these associations are moderated by family-history of psychosis. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - August 20, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Chrysoula Zouraraki, Ioannis Tsaousis, Penny Karamaouna, Leda Karagiannopoulou, Panos Roussos, Panos Bitsios, Stella G. Giakoumaki Source Type: research

Intolerance of Uncertainty and Post-traumatic Stress Symptoms: An Investigation within a Treatment Seeking Trauma-Exposed Sample
Background: Intolerance of uncertainty (IU) has been associated with post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) in the literature. However, no research to date has investigated the relationship between IU and PTSS within a clinical trauma-exposed sample, which is an important next step in the literature and crucial for the generalizability of these findings. Therefore, the current study hypothesized that IU would be related to increased PTSS within a clinical sample of trauma-exposed individuals. Further, we hypothesized that IU would be related to elevated PTSS after accounting for anxiety sensitivity (AS) and negative affect ...
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - August 20, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Mary E. Oglesby, Brittany A. Gibby, Brittany M. Mathes, Nicole A. Short, Norman B. Schmidt Source Type: research

Bipolar I disorder with comorbid PTSD: Demographic and clinical correlates in a sample of hospitalized patients
According to data from epidemiological and clinical samples, there are elevated rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among patients with bipolar disorder (BD). However, little is known about the clinical correlates that may distinguish patients with BD and comorbid PTSD from those without comorbid PTSD. The present study sought to elucidate those differences and examine factors, such as psychosis, history of suicide attempts, and comorbid personality disorders, which may predict comorbid PTSD in patients with BD-I. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - August 17, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Madhavi K. Reddy, Thomas D. Meyer, Natalie M. Wittlin, Ivan W. Miller, Lauren M. Weinstock Source Type: research

Affective temperaments and emotional traits are associated with a positive screening for premenstrual dysphoric disorder
Preliminary evidence indicates that Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) may be frequently co-morbid with bipolar spectrum disorders. In addition, the manifestations of PMDD seem similar to a subthreshold depressive mixed state. Nevertheless, the associations between PMDD and affective temperaments and emotional traits have not been previously investigated. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - August 17, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Rachel A. C âmara, Cristiano A. Köhler, Michael Maes, Paulo R. Nunes-Neto, André R. Brunoni, João Quevedo, Brisa S. Fernandes, Giulio Perugi, Thomas N. Hyphantis, André F. Carvalho Source Type: research

Bipolar I disorder with comorbid posttraumatic stress disorder: Demographic and clinical correlates in a sample of hospitalized patients
Background: According to data from epidemiological and clinical samples, there are elevated rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among patients with bipolar disorder (BD), However, little is known about the clinical correlates that may distinguish patients with BD and comorbid PTSD from those without comorbid PTSD. The present study sought to elucidate those differences and examine factors, such as psychosis, history of suicide attempts, and comorbid personality disorders, which may predict comorbid PTSD in patients with BD-I. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - August 17, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Madhavi K. Reddy, Thomas D. Meyer, Natalie M. Wittlin, Ivan W. Miller, Lauren M. Weinstock Source Type: research

Formal Thought Disorder in First-Episode Psychosis
Formal thought disorder (FTD) is one of the fundamental symptom clusters of schizophrenia and it was found to be the strongest predictor determining conversion from first-episode acute transient psychotic disorder to schizophrenia. Our goal in the present study was to compare a first-episode psychosis (FEP) sample to a healthy control group in relation to subtypes of FTD.Fifty six patients aged between 15 and 45 with FEP and forty five control subjects were included in the study. All the patients were under medication for less than six weeks or drug-naive. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - August 8, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ahmet Ayer, Berna Yal ınçetin, Esra Aydınlı, Şilay Sevilmiş, Halis Ulaş, Tolga Binbay, Berna Binnur Akdede, Köksal Alptekin Source Type: research

Co-occurrence and symptomatology of fatigue and depression
Fatigue and depression are highly comorbid phenotypes with partially overlapping symptoms. The main aims of the present study are to: i) identify the risk of current fatigue and depression; ii) determine if the depression symptoms experienced by individuals who are fatigued (N=766) and non-fatigued (N=1849) are different; and iii) identify if the fatigue symptoms experienced by depressed (N=275) and non-depressed (N=2340) individuals are different, in a community-based sample of Australian twins aged over 50. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - August 8, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Elizabeth C. Corfield, Nicholas G. Martin, Dale R. Nyholt Source Type: research

Association between diabetes and risk of suicide death: A meta-analysis of 3 million participants
Results of the relationships between diabetes and the risk of suicide death are inconclusive. This meta-analysis was conducted to assess this association. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - August 8, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ying Wang, Shiming Tang, Shunsheng Xu, Shenhong Weng, Zhongchun Liu Source Type: research

The impact of adverse childhood experiences on obesity and unhealthy weight control behaviors among adolescents
Childhood abuse and other early-life stressors associate with being overweight or obese later in life. In addition to being overweight, unhealthy weight control behaviors (e.g., vomiting, using diet pills, fasting, and skipping meals) have been shown to be common among adolescents. To our knowledge, the association between these behaviors and adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) remains unexamined. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - August 7, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Reetta Isohookana, Mauri Marttunen, Helin ä Hakko, Pirkko Riipinen, Kaisa Riala Source Type: research

Association of respondent psychiatric comorbidity with family history of comorbidity: Results from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions-III
Substance use disorders and major psychiatric disorders are common, highly comorbid with each other, and familial. However, the extent to which comorbidity is itself familial remains unclear. The purpose of this study is to investigate associations between comorbidity among respondents with family history of comorbidity. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - August 7, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jeesun Jung, Ris ë B. Goldstein, Bridget F. Grant Source Type: research

The intensity and correlates of the feelings of loneliness in people with psychosis
Loneliness is an established risk factor for numerous negative health outcomes. The aims of the present study were to compare the levels of loneliness between patients with psychotic disorders and members of the general population and to identify factors independently associated with loneliness in psychosis. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - August 3, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: A. Chrostek, P. Grygiel, M. Anczewska, J. Wci órka, P. Świtaj Source Type: research

How temperament and character affect our career, relationships, and mental health
On the way towards an agreed dimensional taxonomy for personality disorders (PD), several pivotal questions remain unresolved. We need to know which dimensions produce problems and in what domains of life; whether impairment can be found at one or both extremes of each dimension; and whether, as is increasingly advocated, some dimensions measure personality functioning whereas others reflect style. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - August 3, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Fernando Guti érrez, Miguel Gárriz, Josep M. Peri, Gemma Vall, Rafael Torrubia Source Type: research

Screening Mixed Depression and Bipolarity in the Postpartum Period at a Primary Health Care Center
Mixed depression is a clinical condition accompanied by the symptoms of (hypo)mania and is considered to be a predictor for bipolar disorder. Compared to pure major depression, mixed depression is worse in progress. There is limited data on the prevalence of mixed depression since it is a relatively new entity. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the prevalence of mixed depression during the postpartum period which is risky for mood disorders. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - August 3, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sercan Bulut Celik, Gamze Erten Bucaktepe, Ay şegül Uludağ, İbrahim Umud Bulut, Özgür Erdem, Kürşat Altınbaş Source Type: research

Health-related quality of life and its association with alexithymia and difficulties in emotion regulation in patients with psoriasis
Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in psoriasis patients could be negatively affected by medical (e.g., obesity) and psychological (e.g., depression, anxiety, and alexithymia) conditions the presence of which suggests difficulties in understanding and regulating inner states and emotions. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate HRQoL and its association with obesity and difficulties in understanding and regulating inner states and emotions in patients with psoriasis. A second objective was to examine whether the presence of difficulties in understanding and regulating inner states and emotions may mediate the as...
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - August 2, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Marco Innamorati, Rossella M. Quinto, Claudio Imperatori, Viviana Lora, Dario Graceffa, Mariantonietta Fabbricatore, David Lester, Anna Contardi, Claudio Bonifati Source Type: research

Mixed-methods analysis of internalized stigma correlates in poorly adherent individuals with bipolar disorder
This study explored the correlates of internalized stigma in a research sample of patients with BD who were poorly adherent to their medications. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - August 1, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Molly Howland, Jennifer Levin, Carol Blixen, Curtis Tatsuoka, Martha Sajatovic Source Type: research

A preliminary longitudinal study on the cognitive and functional outcome of bipolar excellent lithium responders
Neurocognitive dysfunction in bipolar disorder represents a possible marker of underlying pathophysiology, but to date, most studies are cross-sectional and heterogeneous with regard to pharmacological treatments. In the present study we investigated the 6-year cognitive and functional outcome of a sample of euthymic excellent lithium responders (ELR). (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - July 29, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: E. Mora, M.J. Portella, I. Forcada, E. Vieta, M. Mur Source Type: research

The Impact of Negative Treatment Experiences on Persistent Refusal of Antipsychotics
We investigate reasons for persistent medication refusal in schizophrenia spectrum disorders and test whether factors that speak for a rational decision, such as negative experiences with medication or low symptom distress predict medication refusal, even after taking differences in insight into account. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - July 29, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tania M. Lincoln, Esther Jung, Martin Wiesjahn, Hanna Wendt, Thomas Bock, Bj örn Schlier Source Type: research

Diagnostic Validity of the Patient Health Questionnaire-2 (PHQ-2) among Ethiopian Adults
The Patient Health Questionnaire-2 (PHQ-2) is an ultra-brief questionnaire widely used by researchers and clinicians to detect major depressive disorder (MDD). Despite its individual and societal impact, MDD is often undetected and untreated particularly among sub-Saharan Africans. We conducted this study to evaluate the reliability and validity of using the PHQ-2 as a screen for MDD among Ethiopian adults. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - July 28, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Bizu Gelaye, Ijala Wilson, Hanna Y. Berhane, Negussie Deyessa, Yonas Bahretibeb, Dawit Wondimagegn, Teshome Shibre Kelkile, Yemane Berhane, Jesse R. Fann, Michelle A. Williams Source Type: research

Care Burden of Parents of Adult Children with Mental Illness: the Role of Associative Stigma
This study analyzed the mediator effect of associative stigma on relationships between the main stressors, psychiatric symptoms and lowered social function of offspring with mental illness, assessed by the parents, and their care burden. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - July 28, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Keunwoo Park, Mikyung Seo Source Type: research

Child Behavior Checklist Profiles in Adolescents with Bipolar and Depressive Disorders
We aimed to evaluate the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) profiles in youths with bipolar and depressive disorders. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - July 24, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kukju Kweon, Hyun-Jeong Lee, KeeJeong Park, Yeonho Joo, Hyo-Won Kim Source Type: research

Reliability and Clinical Usefulness of the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 in Clinically Referred Adolescents: A Preliminary Report in a Sample of Italian Inpatients
The DSM-5 Alternative Model of Personality Disorders (AMPD) provides the opportunity to integrate the needed developmental perspective in the assessment of personality pathology. Based on this model, Krueger and colleagues (2012) developed the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5), which operationalizes the proposed DSM-5 traits. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - July 20, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Antonella Somma, Andrea Fossati, Arianna Terrinoni, Riccardo Williams, Ignazio Ardizzone, Fiorella Fantini, Serena Borroni, Robert F. Krueger, Kristian E. Markon, Mauro Ferrara Source Type: research

Characteristics of suicide completers and attempters in rural Chinese population
This study aimed to compare the similarities and differences between suicide completers and attempters in rural China. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - July 14, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Bao-Peng Liu, Xianchen Liu, Cun-Xian Jia Source Type: research

An association between the PPAR α-L162V polymorphism and nicotine dependency among patients with schizophrenia
Patients with schizophrenia are more likely to be smokers than the general population, which makes them an interesting group with which to study the etiology of nicotine dependency. We studied the prevalence of a gene variant of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPAR α) in schizophrenia, together with nicotine dependency, to investigate whether the PPARα-L162V polymorphism (rs1800206) influences nicotine dependency in schizophrenia. Given evidence suggesting that smoking influences the severity of schizophrenia, together with our recent data linking the PPARα -L162V polymorphism to clinica...
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - July 8, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sergej Nadalin, Alena Bureti ć-Tomljanović, Jelena Rebić, Ivana Pleša, Vesna Šendula Jengić Source Type: research