Impulsivity and its Relationship with Anxiety, Depression and Stress
We aimed to assess the association between depression, anxiety, stress and impulsivity with respect to age. The Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-42) and the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11) were administered to 145 individuals. Due to a negative correlation between age, BIS-11 and DASS-42 subscales, participants were divided into three groups: young-aged (18 –30years), middle-aged (31–49years) and old-aged (≥50years). Subjects from old-aged group had significantly lower scores of depression, anxiety, stress and impulsivity compared to those from younger groups. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - January 22, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ahmed A. Moustafa, Richard Tindle, Dorota Frydecka, B łażej Misiak Source Type: research

Attentional biases in body dysmorphic disorder (bdd): Eye-tracking using the emotional stroop task
Attentional anomalies are known to underlie diverse psychopathology. In body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), characterised by repetitive behaviours and/or mental acts occurring in response to preoccupations with perceived defects or flaws in physical appearance [1], this forms no exception. These difficulties may not only manifest as faulty cognitive appraisals, during which patients focus wholly on their perceived “flaw(s)” to the exclusion of the rest of their physical appearance, but can also reinforce such erroneous beliefs via misinterpretation of cues involving social acceptance and feedback. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - January 22, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Wei Lin Toh, David J. Castle, Susan L. Rossell Source Type: research

Genetic and serum biomarker evidence for a relationship between TNF α and PTSD in Vietnam War combat veterans
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is associated with increased inflammation and comorbid medical conditions. However, study findings for individual inflammatory marker levels have been inconsistent. Some research suggests that resilience may play a role in decreased inflammation. A polymorphism in the promoter region of the tumour necrosis factor α gene (TNFα), TNFA −308 (rs1800629) is associated with psychiatric illness but its role in PTSD is yet to be elucidated. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - January 22, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Dagmar Bruenig, Divya Mehta, Charles P. Morris, Wendy Harvey, Bruce Lawford, Ross McD Young, Joanne Voisey Source Type: research

Bias in beliefs about the self is associated with depressive but not anxious mood
We examined these relationships in people who present with a wide range of depressive and anxious mood across diagnostic categories. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - January 20, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: M.C. Obonsawin, J. Carlisle, C.J. Patterson, K. Black, K.M. Davidson, N. Masson Source Type: research

The role of set-shifting in auditory verbal hallucinations
In this study we examined the neuropsychological profile of patients with AVHs, assuming that the mechanism underlying this symptom could be a dysfunction of specific cognitive domains. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - January 20, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sara Siddi, Donatella Rita Petretto, Caterina Burrai, Rosanna Scanu, Antonella Baita, Pierfranco Trincas, Emanuela Trogu, Liliana Campus, Augusto Contu, Antonio Preti Source Type: research

Evaluating Clinicians' Representations of Schizoaffective Disorder
Schizoaffective Disorder (SAD) has routinely exhibited poor diagnostic accuracy and reliability. In addition to phenomenological problems with the definition of SAD, the way in which clinicians represent the symptoms of the disorder could contribute to its poor diagnostic outcomes. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - January 19, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Christopher A. Webb, Jared W. Keeley Source Type: research

Physical activity ameliorates the association between sedentary behavior and cardiometabolic risk among inpatients with schizophrenia: A comparison versus controls using accelerometry
A lack of clarity exists regarding the relationship between objectively measured physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) and cardiometabolic outcomes in people with schizophrenia. We conducted a large study investigating the independent relationships of PA and SB among inpatients with schizophrenia versus healthy controls (HCs). (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - January 18, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Brendon Stubbs, Li-Jung Chen, Ming-Shun Chung, Po-Wen Ku Source Type: research

Physical activity ameliorates the association between sedentary behavior and cardiometabolic risk in people with Schizophrenia: A comparison versus controls using accelerometry
A lack of clarity exists regarding the relationship between objectively measured physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) and cardiometabolic outcomes in people with schizophrenia. We conducted a large study investigating the independent relationships of PA and SB among inpatients with schizophrenia versus healthy controls (HCs). (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - January 18, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Brendon Stubbs, Li-Jung Chen, Ming-Shun Chung, Po-Wen Ku Source Type: research

Traumatic brain injury and PTSD symptoms as a consequence of intimate partner violence
To effectively diagnose and treat women who have experienced intimate partner violence (IPV), it is important to identify the full range of physical and mental health consequences, including hidden wounds such as traumatic brain injury (TBI) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). We aimed to identify the occurrence of IPV-related TBI and associated PTSD symptoms among women veterans who experienced IPV. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - January 13, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Katherine M. Iverson, Christina M. Dardis, Terri K. Pogoda Source Type: research

Serum levels of interleukin-33 and its soluble form receptor (sST2) are associated with cognitive performance in patients with schizophrenia
This study aimed to evaluate the involvement of IL-33, a member of the IL-1 cytokine family, in schizophrenia and its association with cognitive performance in these patients. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - January 13, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Salvina Maria de Campos-Carli, Aline Silva Miranda, Ingrid Caroline Silva Dias, Amanda de Oliveira, Breno Fiuza Cruz, Érica Leandro Marciano Vieira, Natalia Pessoa Rocha, Izabela Guimarães Barbosa, João Vinícius Salgado, Antônio Lúcio Teixeira Source Type: research

Personality Traits and Psychotic Symptoms in Recent Onset of Psychosis Patients
The study of personality in patients with psychosis has been questioned for years because of the classic belief that personality could change or be destroyed after a psychotic episode [1, 2]. Nowadays, research supports the idea that personality traits and personality disorders in psychosis can be studied [3] and as supported by Newton-Howes [4] the DSM is sufficiently distinguishable to allow personality disorders identification in those with psychotic disorders. Furthermore, personality is stable in recent onset of psychosis (ROP) patients over time [5]. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - January 13, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Julia Sevilla Llewellyn-Jones, Pablo Cano Dom ínguez, Antonia de Luis Matilla, Inmaculada Peñuelas Calvo, Alberto Espina Eizaguirre, Berta Moreno Kustner, Susana Ochoa Source Type: research

Gender Differences in Positive Mental Health among Individuals with Schizophrenia
According to the World Health Organization [1], health is defined as “a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity” and mental health is defined as “a state of well-being in which every individual realizes his or her own potential, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively a nd fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to her or his community”. Mental health is thus more than just the absence of illness but it also encompasses the presence of positive mental health. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - January 13, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Anitha Jeyagurunathan, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Edimansyah Abdin, Rajeswari Sambasivam, Lee Seng Esmond Seow, Shirlene Pang, Louisa Picco, Chong Siow Ann, Mythily Subramaniam Source Type: research

Traumatic Brain Injury and PTSD Symptoms as a Consequence of Intimate Partner Violence Among Women Veterans
To effectively diagnose and treat women who have experienced intimate partner violence (IPV), it is important to identify the full range of physical and mental health consequences, including hidden wounds such as traumatic brain injury (TBI) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). We aimed to identify the occurrence of IPV-related TBI and associated PTSD symptoms among women veterans who experienced IPV. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - January 13, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Katherine M. Iverson, Christina M. Dardis, Terri K. Pogoda Source Type: research

Body image in patients with mental disorders: Characteristics, associations with diagnosis and treatment outcome
Despite the increasing recognition in clinical practice of body image problems in other than appearance related mental disorders, the question remains how aspects of body image are affected in different disorders. The aim of this study was to measure body image in patients with a variety of mental disorders and to compare scores with those in the general population in order to obtain more insight in the relative disturbance of body image in the patients group compared to healthy controls. In a further exploration associations with self-reported mental health, quality of life and empowerment were established as well as the ...
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - January 9, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Mia Scheffers, Jooske T. van Busschbach, Ruud J. Bosscher, Liza C. Aerts, Durk Wiersma, Robert A. Schoevers Source Type: research

Emotional intelligence and coping strategies as determinants of quality of life in depressed patient-caregiver dyads: an actor –partner interdependence analysis
Patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) and their natural caregivers experience major lifestyle difficulties. Little is known concerning dyadic (i.e., patient and natural caregiver) characteristics' impact on quality of life. In a sample of depressed patient-caregiver dyads, we examined quality of life (QoL) levels compared with the general population and whether QoL is influenced by emotional intelligence (EI) and coping strategies using the actor –partner interdependence model (APIM). (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - January 7, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: L Boyer, K Baumstarck, M Alessandrini, Z Hamidou, J Testart, M Serres, P Arquilli ère, P Auquier, T Leroy, X Zendjidjan Source Type: research

Does psychological well-being change following treatment? An exploratory study on outpatients with eating disorders
Psychological well-being changes following Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy-based treatment were investigated in outpatients with Eating Disorders (ED). While it is known that CBT reduces symptomatology in EDs, less is known about how changes in positive functioning may ensue. One-hundred and eighty five ED outpatients were analyzed for pre-treatment and post-treatment changes in psychological well-being (PWB) by Last Observation Carried Forward -Wilcoxon Signed Rank tests. Significant gains in all PWB dimensions were found, with moderate effect size correlations in environmental mastery (r= −.418), personal growth (r=&m...
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - January 6, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Elena Tomba, Lucia Tecuta, Romana Schumann, Donatella Ballardini Source Type: research

Alcohol Use and Suicidality in Firefighters: Associations with Depressive Symptoms and Posttraumatic Stress
Both suicidality and alcohol use disorders are significant public health concerns among firefighters, and alcohol use is associated with increased suicide risk. In addition, firefighters endorse high rates of symptoms of depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Thus, the current investigation examined associations between alcohol dependence and suicide risk among a large sample of firefighters. Specifically, this study examined the indirect effects of alcohol dependence on suicidality outcomes via both depression and posttraumatic stress, using structural equation modeling. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - January 6, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Colleen E. Martin, Anka A. Vujanovic, Daniel J. Paulus, Brooke Bartlett, Matthew W. Gallagher, Jana K. Tran Source Type: research

Decreased S100B serum levels after treatment in bipolar patients in a manic phase
Previous studies have suggested that patients with bipolar disorder might have brain damage. The aim of this study was to investigate the serum levels of brain injury biomarkers and S100A10 in bipolar patients in a manic phase, and evaluate the changes in S100B, neuron specific enolase (NSE), heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) and S100A10 after treatment. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - January 2, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Meng-Chang Tsai, Tiao-Lai Huang Source Type: research

The Lonely Road to Paranoia. A Path-Analytic Investigation of Loneliness and Paranoia
Loneliness and paranoia are related, but the mechanisms that link them to each other remain unclear. Systematic reviews on loneliness propose a social –cognitive model in which loneliness leads to negative evaluations of other persons and a lack of interpersonal trust. However, the data discussed in these reviews are based on healthy individuals. Building on this model, the present study investigated 1) whether negative interpersonal schemata me diate the association between loneliness and paranoia and 2) whether a low level of perceived social support and less frequent social contact are related to loneliness. (Sour...
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - January 2, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Fabian Lamster, Tania Lincoln, Clara Nittel, Winfried Rief, Stephanie Mehl Source Type: research

Childhood parental bonding affects adulthood trait anxiety through self-esteem
Trait anxiety is a personal characteristic and encompasses the emotional responses to pervasive fearful cognitions. People with high trait anxiety feel anxiety chronically. Trait anxiety is the stable tendency to attend to, experience, and feel fears, worries, and anxiety in many situations [1 –4]. Trait anxiety constitutes a public mental health problem. High trait anxiety is associated with not only anxiety disorders [5, 6], but also depressive disorders [7, 8]. In brain and cognitive sciences, trait anxiety links dysfunction of brain networks and subsequent impairment of multiple cog nitive functions [9–13]....
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - December 26, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Akiyoshi Shimura, Yoshikazu Takaesu, Yukiei Nakai, Akiko Murakoshi, Yasuyuki Ono, Yasunori Matsumoto, Ichiro Kusumi, Takeshi Inoue Source Type: research

Clinical characterization of autoimmune encephalitis and psychosis
Autoimmune disorders are growing alarmingly high in prevalence across the globe. Autoimmune encephalitis has had a dramatic impact on the medical field, effectually altering diagnostic and treatment paradigms in regards to neuropsychiatric disorders. Our primary goal in conducting this study was to analyze the clinical characteristics of autoimmune encephalitis patients, with special focus on psychiatric presentations, in the West China Hospital and report patient prognoses after immunotherapy. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - December 26, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Qinjian Hao, Dahai Wang, Lanting Guo, Bo Zhang Source Type: research

Development of a Screening Questionnaire for DSM-5 Intermittent Explosive Disorder (IED-SQ)
This study was designed to develop and test a screening approach to identify individuals with DSM-5 Intermittent Explosive Disorder (IED), a disorder of recurrent, problematic, impulsive aggression. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - December 21, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Emil F. Coccaro, Mitchell E. Berman, Michael S. McCloskey Source Type: research

Life Satisfaction and Degree of Suicide Intent: A Test of the Strain Theory of Suicide
Various factors contribute to suicide. Psychological strains are hypothesized to precede suicidal thought and attempt. Life satisfaction can be a measure of relative deprivation strain and aspiration-reality strain. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - December 21, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jie Zhang, Yanzheng Liu, Long Sun Source Type: research

Cumulative Exposure to Work-related Traumatic Events and Current Post-traumatic Stress Disorder in New York City's First Responders
Cumulative exposure to work-related traumatic events (CE) is a foreseeable risk for psychiatric disorders in First Responders (FRs). Our objective was to examine the impact of work-related CE that could serve as predictor of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and/or depression in FRs. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - December 21, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lupo Geronazzo-Alman, Ruth Eisenberg, Sa Shen, Cristiane S. Duarte, George J. Musa, Judith Wicks, Bin Fan, Thao Doan, Guia Guffanti, Michaeline Bresnahan, Christina W. Hoven Source Type: research

Suicidal ideation and suicidal attempts among adults with chronic diseases: a cross-sectional study
About 14% of the global burden of disease has been attributed to neuropsychiatric disorders. The aim of this study was to show the general picture of suicidal ideation and behavior among Korean, and to test the hypothesis that there is a positive association between diseases and suicidality. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - December 12, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Su Yeon Kye, Keeho Park Source Type: research

A Short-Term Longitudinal Examination of the Relations between Depression, Anhedonia, and Self-Injurious Thoughts and Behaviors in Adults with a History of Self-Injury
Limited research has addressed the role of anhedonia in predicting suicidality and/or nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) in adults, despite evidence suggesting that loss of interest or pleasure may increase vulnerability for self-inflicted harm, even beyond other depressive symptoms. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - December 5, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Melissa J. Zielinski, Jennifer C. Veilleux, E. Samuel Winer, Michael R. Nadorff Source Type: research

Intolerance of Uncertainty, Not Just Right Experiences, and Compulsive Checking: Test of a Moderated Mediation Model on a Non-Clinical Sample
Intolerance of uncertainty (IU) and not just right experiences (NJREs) have been claimed putative vulnerability factors for obsessive –compulsive disorder (OCD). The aim of the present study was to test whether IU could represent a trans-diagnostic construct accountable for OC checking behaviors and whether NJREs could embody an OCD-specific criterion through which IU operates. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - December 1, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Gioia Bottesi, Marta Ghisi, Claudio Sica, Mark H. Freeston Source Type: research

Clinically speaking, psychological abuse matters
The adverse effects of intimate partner violence (IPV) on mental health are well-established, except in the cases of psychological abuse and men's victimization. This research study examines the prevalence and the independent contribution of psychological IPV on mental health for both genders. MethodsThe initial sample comprises 661 college students from a Portuguese public university, who completed an e-survey. Statistical analysis focused on a subsample (n=364), 23% of which were men, after removing cases of physical and/or sexual abuse. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - December 1, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Rita Come çanha, Miguel Basto-Pereira, Ângela Maia Source Type: research

Associations Between Emotion Regulation Difficulties, Eating Disorder Symptoms, Non-Suicidal Self-Injury, and Suicide Attempts in a Heterogeneous Eating Disorder Sample
This study examined the associations between specific dimensions of emotion dysregulation and eating disorder (ED) symptoms and behaviors, non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), and suicide attempts in a heterogeneous ED sample. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - November 29, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Emily M. Pisetsky, Ann F. Haynos, Jason M. Lavender, Scott J. Crow, Carol B. Peterson Tags: Emotion Dysregulation Source Type: research

The Role Of Alexithymia And Gastrointestinal-Specific Anxiety As Predictors Of Treatment Outcome In Irritable Bowel Syndrome
In this study their independent contribution in predicting treatment outcome was longitudinally investigated. Consecutive 150 IBS patients were evaluated for IBS symptoms, alexithymia, GSA, and psychological distress with validated scales after as-usual treatment for 6 –12months. The primary treatment outcome was improvement measured with the IBS-Severity Scoring System that showed 111 patients who improved and 39 who did not improve. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - November 29, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Piero Porcelli, Massimo De Carne, Gioacchino Leandro Source Type: research

Symptom correspondence between clinicians and patients on the Yale –Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale
The present study examined concordance between the Yale –Brown Obsessive–Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS) and its self-report version (Y-BOCS-SR), as well as theoretically derived moderators. Sixty-seven adults (ages 18–67) with obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) were administered the Y-BOCS prior to completing self-report measures. The Y-BOCS-SR gener ated lower scores relative to the clinician-administered Y-BOCS (5.3 points lower). Strong correspondence was shown between the Y-BOCS and Y-BOCS-SR; however, many items exhibited fair to moderate agreement, particularly the resistance and control against o...
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - November 28, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Eric A. Storch, Joshua M. Nadeau, Alessandro S. De Nadai, Sandra L. Cepeda, Bradley C. Riemann, Philip Seibell, Brian Kay Source Type: research

Symptom Correspondence Between Clinicians and Patients on the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale
The present study examined concordance between the Yale-Brown Obsessive –Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS) and its self-report version (Y-BOCS-SR), as well as theoretically derived moderators. Sixty-seven adults (ages 18–67) with obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) were administered the Y-BOCS prior to completing self-report measures. The Y-BOCS-SR generated lower scores relative to the clinician-administered Y-BOCS (5.3 points lower). Strong correspondence was shown between the Y-BOCS and Y-BOCS-SR; however, many items exhibited fair to moderate agreement, particularly the resistance and control against obsessio...
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - November 28, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Eric A. Storch, Joshua M. Nadeau, Alessandro S. De Nadai, Sandra L. Cepeda, Bradley C. Riemann, Philip Seibell, Brian Kay Source Type: research

Prevalence and Psychosocial Correlates of Food Addiction in Persons with Obesity Seeking Weight Reduction
Food addiction is a controversial concept. The potential influence of food addiction on patients' psychosocial functioning and well-being has not been well established. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between psychosocial functioning (depressive symptoms and health-related quality of life [HRQOL]) and food addiction as measured by the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS). We also explored whether food addiction contributed additional variance in explaining psychosocial functioning, beyond demographic and clinical factors (e.g., binge eating). (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - November 22, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ariana M. Chao, Jena A. Shaw, Rebecca L. Pearl, Naji Alamuddin, Christina M. Hopkins, Zayna M. Bakizada, Robert I. Berkowitz, Thomas A. Wadden Source Type: research

An exploration of metacognitive beliefs and thought control strategies in bipolar disorder
We examined i) differences in metacognitive beliefs and thought control strategies between individuals with bipolar disorder and controls, and ii) to what extent clinical characteristics were related to levels of metacognitive beliefs and thought control strategies in bipolar disorder. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - November 21, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tiril Østefjells, Ingrid Melle, Sofie R Aminoff, Tone Hellvin, Roger Hagen, Trine Vik Lagerberg, June Ullevoldsæter Lystad, Jan Ivar Røssberg Source Type: research

New evidence in support of staging approaches in schizophrenia: differences in clinical profiles between first episode, early stage, and late stage
The objective of this study was to investigate whether clinical and psychopathological differences exist between first-episode schizophrenia (FES) and multiple-episode patients in an inpatient setting. Patients (N=203) were evaluated using the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) over time. Five different generalized estimating equations were built for the PANSS factors using the following as covariates: sex, patient's age, assessment time point (i.e., moment of patient's evaluation, with a minimum of two and a maximum of four assessments throughout the study timeframe). (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - November 17, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Bruno Bertolucci Ortiz, Fernanda Dal Medico Eden, Aline Silva Rodrigues de Souza, Carla Agostinho Teciano, Daniela Malatesta de Lima, Cristiano Noto, Cinthia Hiroko Higuchi, Hugo Cogo-Moreira, Rodrigo Affonseca Bressan, Ary Gadelha Source Type: research

Individual differences in Affective Neuroscience Personality Scale (ANPS) primary emotional traits and depressive tendencies
The present study investigated individual differences in the Affective Neuroscience Personality Scales (ANPS), representing measures of primary emotional systems and depressive tendencies in two independent samples. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - November 17, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Christian Montag, Katharina Widenhorn-M üller, Jaak Panksepp, Markus Kiefer Source Type: research

Stigma toward psychosis and its formulation process: prejudice and discrimination against early stages of schizophrenia
Stigma toward psychosis can prevent social attendance and help-seeking behavior. Early detection and intervention has been shown to improve patient outcome in schizophrenia. The aim of this study was to reveal the characteristics and formulation process of stigma toward each clinical stage of schizophrenia, taking people's backgrounds into consideration. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - November 16, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Yoko Baba, Takahiro Nemoto, Naohisa Tsujino, Taiju Yamaguchi, Naoyuki Katagiri, Masafumi Mizuno Source Type: research

Dynamic thiol/disulfide homeostasis in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and its relation with disease subtypes
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a prevelant childhood neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by early onset of persistent symptom patterns of hyperactivity, impulsiveness, and/or inattention. These symptoms are known to be recurrent and severe enough to cause a significant functional impairment in educational or occupational performance and ordinary activities. ADHD has four subtypes, predominantly inattentive, predominantly hyperactive/impulsive, a combination of both, and not otherwise specified [1]. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - November 12, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sibelnur Avcil, P ınar Uysal, Mucahit Avcil, Murat Alısık, Cemile Bicer Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Biomolecular Aspects of Depression: A Retrospective Analysis
In this study we have performed a retrospective analysis of biomarkers with clinically relevant potentials, including peripheral catecholamines, chemokines, cytokines, and neurotransmitters. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - November 9, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Brandon N. Peacock, David J. Scheiderer, Gottfried H. Kellermann Source Type: research

Sensory over responsivity and obsessive compulsive symptoms: A cluster analysis
Several studies have examined the sensory component in Obsesseive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) and described an OCD subtype which has a unique profile, and that Sensory Phenomena (SP) is a significant component of this subtype. SP has some commonalities with Sensory Over Responsivity (SOR) and might be in part a characteristic of this subtype. Although there are some studies that have examined SOR and its relation to Obsessive Compulsive Symptoms (OCS), literature lacks sufficient data on this interplay. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - November 8, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ayelet Ben-Sasson, Tamar Yonit Podoly Source Type: research

Adult Autism Subthreshold Spectrum (AdAS Spectrum): validation of a questionnaire investigating subthreshold autism spectrum
Increasing literature has shown the usefulness of a dimensional approach to autism. The present study aimed to determine the psychometric properties of the Adult Autism Subthreshold Spectrum (AdAS Spectrum), a new questionnaire specifically tailored to assess subthreshold forms of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in adulthood. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - November 8, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: L Dell'Osso, C Gesi, E Massimetti, IM Cremone, M Barbuti, G Maccariello, I Moroni, S Barlati, G Castellini, M Luciano, L Bossini, M Rocchetti, M Signorelli, E Aguglia, A Fagiolini, P Politi, V Ricca, A Vita, C Carmassi, M Maj Source Type: research

Sensory over responsivity and obsessive compulsive symptoms: a cluster analysis.
The heterogeneous nature of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) presents challenges for both accurate diagnosis and the prescription of an appropriate therapy [1]. Sensory Over-Responsivity (SOR), which is often reported among individuals with OCD [2], may be a relevant criterion for both diagnosis and therapy choice. There is evidence supporting a sensory OCD subtype, i.e. the positive correlation of sensory symptoms with early onset, familial OCD, and a higher proportion of males [3]. Sensory vulnerability and early atypical sensory experience may present a risk factor for the eventual development of OCD [5,6], and may s...
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - November 8, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ayelet Ben-Sasson, Tamar Yonit Podoly Source Type: research

Negative mood and interference control in nonsuicidal self-injury
People who engage in nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) often report high levels of impulsivity. However, results from behavioral tasks measuring impulsivity have been mixed: those with a history of NSSI generally perform comparably to healthy controls. Recent research suggests, however, that people who self-injure have specific deficits in response inhibition to negative emotional stimuli. Here, we extend this work by testing whether negative mood impairs interference control in NSSI. 33 participants reporting a history of NSSI (approximately half in the past year) and 31 age- and gender-matched healthy controls completed the...
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - November 2, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kenneth J.D. Allen, Jill M. Hooley Source Type: research

Negative Mood and Interference Control in Non-Suicidal Self-Injury
People who engage in nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) often report high levels of impulsivity. However, results from behavioral tasks measuring impulsivity have been mixed: those with a history of NSSI generally perform comparably to healthy controls. Recent research suggests, however, that people who self-injure have specific deficits in response inhibition to negative emotional stimuli. Here, we extend this work by testing whether negative mood impairs interference control in NSSI. 33 participants reporting a history of NSSI (approximately half in the past year) and 31 age- and gender-matched healthy controls completed the...
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - November 2, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kenneth J.D. Allen, Jill M. Hooley Source Type: research

Increase in PAS-induced neuroplasticity after a treatment course of intranasal ketamine for depression. Report of three cases from a placebo-controlled trial
Animal studies suggest that neural plasticity may play a role in the antidepressant effects of a single ketamine dose. However, the potential effects of repeated ketamine treatments on human neuroplasticity are unknown. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - November 2, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ver ònica Gálvez, Stevan Nikolin, Kerrie-Anne Ho, Angelo Alonzo, Andrew A. Somogyi, Colleen K. Loo Source Type: research

Risk factors for child mental health problems in Lithuania: the role of parental nationality
We compare the mental health status of children who reside in Lithuania with parents who are either Lithuanian nationals or non-Lithuanian nationals. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - October 25, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Viviane Kovess Masfety, Sigita Lesinskiene, Mathilde M. Husky, Anders Boyd, Phuong Ha, Christophe Fermanian, Ondine Pez Source Type: research

Gender Matters in Schizophrenia-spectrum Disorders: Results From A Healthcare Users Epidemiological Study in Malaga, Spain
Women suffering from schizophrenia-spectrum disorders may differ from men in clinical course and outcome. Still, those differences can only be portrayed accurately by means of studies that derive information from multiple sources. One such study was performed in a well-defined area supported by a Mental Health Clinical Management Unit in Malaga, Spain. Methods: Data from 1640 patients (1048 men and 592 women) that were in contact with services during 2008 were examined for the purpose of the present analysis. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - October 20, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Eleni Petkari, Ferm ín Mayoral, Berta Moreno-Küstner Source Type: research

Bipolar I Disorder in Remission Vs. Schizophrenia in Remission: Is there a difference in Burden?
Bipolar disorder (BD) is considered to have a better outcome in comparison to schizophrenia. However, recent data dispute this notion. The current study aimed to compare the burden of patients with BD type I (BD-I) in remission with similar patients with schizophrenia (SZ) in remission. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - October 18, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Oluyomi Esan, Christopher Osunbote, Oluremi Oladele, Sina Fakunle, Christopher Ehindero, Konstantinos N Fountoulakis Source Type: research

Subjective Anger and Overt Aggression in Psychiatric Outpatients
The attention given to anger and aggression in psychiatric patients pales in comparison to the attention given to depression and anxiety. Most studies have focused on a limited number of psychiatric disorders, and results have been inconsistent. The present report from the Rhode Island Methods to Improve Diagnostic Assessment and Services (MIDAS) project sought to replicate and extend prior findings examining which psychiatric disorders and demographic characteristics were independently associated with elevated levels of anger and aggression. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - October 16, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Timothy Genovese, Kristy Dalrymple, Iwona Chelminski, Mark Zimmerman Source Type: research

Exploring Depression, Self-esteem and Verbal Fluency with Different Degrees of Internet Addiction among Chinese College Students
The aims of this study were to explore depression, self-esteem and verbal fluency functions among normal internet users, mildly internet addictions and severely internet additions. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - October 14, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jia Nie, Wei Zhang, Ying Liu Source Type: research