Insomnia in adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a comparison with borderline personality disorder population in a clinical setting and control participants
Many adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) report sleeping difficulties. The relationship between sleep and ADHD is poorly understood, and shows discrepancies between subjective and objective measures. In order to determine the specificity of sleep-associated symptoms in ADHD, subjective sleep assessments among ADHD adult patients were compared with control subjects and with individuals suffering from borderline personality disorder (BPD). (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - May 5, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: S ébastien Weibel, Françoise Jermann, Luisa Weiner, Rosetta Nicastro, Stefano Ardu, Eleonore Pham, Roland Hasler, Alexandre Dayer, Paco Prada, Nader Perroud Source Type: research

Effect of childhood trauma on cognitive functions in a sample of Chinese patients with schizophrenia
In this study, we aimed to determine the influence of various types of childhood trauma (CT) on cognitive functions in Chinese patients presented with schizophrenia. One hundred sixty-two patients were assessed with the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form (CTQ-SF) and Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS). We investigated the correlations between various types of CT, demographic characteristics, and cognitive functions. Significant negative correlations were observed in physical abuse (PA) and sexual abuse (SA) with the language score (r= −0.190, −0.216, respectively, ...
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - May 5, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Xian-Bin Li, Qi-Jing Bo, Guang-Ping Zhang, Wei Zheng, Zhi-Min Wang, An-Ning Li, Qing Tian, Jin-Tong Liu, Yi-Lang Tang, Chuan-Yue Wang Source Type: research

Judgment of moral and social transgression in schizophrenia
Despite evidence of pervasive social-cognitive deficits in schizophrenia, little is known of moral cognition in this population. While recent research indicates that impairment of explicit moral reasoning is explained by these individuals' other cognitive deficits, their capacities for basic moral judgment are unknown. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - May 4, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jonathan McGuire, Martin Br üne, Robyn Langdon Source Type: research

The protective effect of character maturity in child aggressive antisocial behavior
Aggressive and antisocial behavior in children and young adults is one of the strongest predictor of mental health problems and criminal behavior in adulthood (e.g. [1] Huessman et al., 2002; [2] Gelhorn et al., 2007; [3] Hofvander et al. 2009, [4] Mordre et al. 2011, [5] Falk et al. 2014). The important question in the context of research in this area is the need to develop selection criteria to identify children and adolescents most likely to continue their anti-social behavior as adults. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 29, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: N óra Kerekes, Örjan Falk, Sven Brändström, Henrik Anckarsäter, Maria Råstam, Björn Hofvander Source Type: research

Delineating the joint hierarchical structure of clinical and personality disorders in an outpatient psychiatric sample
We examined the convergence between top-down (bass-ackwards or sequential principal components analysis) and bottom-up (hierarchical agglomerative cluster analysis) statistical methods for elucidating hierarchies to explicate the joint hierarchical structure of clinical and personality disorders. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 28, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Miriam K. Forbes, Roman Kotov, Camilo J. Ruggero, David Watson, Mark Zimmerman, Robert F. Krueger Source Type: research

Masthead
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Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 27, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Editorial Board
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Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 27, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Table of Contents Continued
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Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 27, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Table of Contents
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Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 27, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Lifetime presence of psychotic symptoms in Bipolar Disorder is associated with less favorable socio-demographic and certain clinical features
The presence of psychotic symptoms in Bipolar Disorder (BD) is considered a feature of higher severity of illness and, in particular, of manic episodes in bipolar I disorder (BD I). However, the possibility to apply the “with psychotic features” specifier to major depressive episodes in either bipolar II disorder (BD II) or BD I highlights the need for additional research in this area. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 21, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Bernardo Dell'Osso, Giulia Camuri, Laura Cremaschi, Cristina Dobrea, Massimiliano Buoli, Terence A. Ketter, A. Carlo Altamura Source Type: research

What do clinicians treat: diagnoses or symptoms? The incremental validity of a symptom-based, dimensional characterization of emotional disorders in predicting medication prescription patterns
Although practice guidelines are based on disorders specified in diagnostic manuals, such as the DSM, practitioners appear to follow symptoms when making treatment decisions. Psychiatric medication is generally prescribed in a transdiagnostic manner, further highlighting how symptoms, not diagnoses, often guide clinical practice. A quantitative approach to nosology promises to provide better guidance as it describes psychopathology dimensionally and its organization reflects patterns of covariation among symptoms. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 18, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Monika A. Waszczuk, Mark Zimmerman, Camilo Ruggero, Kaiqiao Li, Annmarie MacNamara, Anna Weinberg, Greg Hajcak, David Watson, Roman Kotov Source Type: research

Nightmares and Nonsuicidal Self-Injury: The Mediating Role of Emotional Dysregulation
Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a transdiagnostic behavior associated with significant psychopathology. Research has shown a positive association between sleep disturbances, (e.g., nightmares and insomnia), and suicidal behavior, however, the relation between NSSI and sleep disturbances has yet to be examined. Sleep disturbances have been found to have a causal role in problems with emotional dysfunction. Specifically, sleep disturbances inhibit the emotion processing function of sleep. Importantly, a majority of individuals engage in NSSI to regulate intense emotions, and it is possible that sleep disturbances increase ...
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 17, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Chelsea R. Ennis, Nicole A. Short, Allison J. Moltisanti, Caitlin E. Smith, Thomas E. Joiner, Jeanette Taylor Source Type: research

Is there a link between biological parents' insight into their offspring's schizophrenia and their cognitive functioning, expressed emotion and knowledge about disorder?
Recent studies suggest that parents' awareness of their offspring's schizophrenia could influence their offspring's insight. Low patient insight is linked to impairment of specific cognitive abilities, and biological parents of schizophrenia patients have impaired capacities in these same domains. However, little is known about what specific socio-demographic, affective or cognitive factors may influence biological parents' awareness of their offspring's disease. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 13, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Alexandra Macgregor, Joanna Norton, St éphane Raffard, Delphine Capdevielle Source Type: research

Comorbidity, Age of Onset and Suicidality in Obsessive –Compulsive Disorder (OCD): An International Collaboration
To collate data from multiple obsessive –compulsive disorder (OCD) treatment centres across seven countries and five continents, and to report findings in relation to OCD comorbidity, age of onset of OCD and comorbid disorders, and suicidality, in a large clinical and ethnically diverse sample, with the aim of investigating cultural var iation and the utility of the psychiatric diagnostic classification of obsessive–compulsive and related disorders. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 13, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: V Brakoulias, V Starcevic, A Belloch, C Brown, YA Ferrao, LF Fontenelle, C Lochner, D Marazziti, H Matsunaga, EC Miguel, YCJ Reddy, MC do Rosario, RG Shavitt, A Shyam Sundar, DJ Stein, AR Torres, K Viswasam Source Type: research

The development and validation of Huaxi Emotional-distress Index (HEI): a Chinese questionnaire for screening depression and anxiety in non-psychiatric clinical settings
This study aimed towards developing a short questionnaire for screening depression and anxiety in non-psychiatric clinical settings, and to test its reliability and validity. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 6, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jian Wang, Wan-jun Guo, Lan Zhang, Wei Deng, Hui-yao Wang, Jian-ying Yu, Shan-xia Luo, Ming-jin Huang, Zai-quan Dong, Da-Jiang Li, Jin-ping Song, Yu Jiang, Nan-sheng Cheng, Xie-he Liu, Tao Li Source Type: research

Clinicians' conflicting emotional responses to high suicide-risk patients —association with short-term suicide behaviors: A prospective pilot study
Clinician's emotional responses to patients have been recognized as potentially relating to treatment outcome, however they have received little attention in the literature on suicide risk. We examine the relationship between a novel targeted measure of clinicians' emotional responses to high-risk psychiatric inpatients and their short-term post-discharge suicide behavior. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 6, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Zimri S. Yaseen, Igor I Galynker, Lisa J Cohen, Jessica Briggs Source Type: research

A decline in self-defining memories following a diagnosis of schizophrenia
Purpose: Receiving a diagnosis of schizophrenia can be a profound life transition that often has a negative influence on the patient's sense of self. The present study is the first to examine how self-defining memories are temporally distributed around age at diagnosis of schizophrenia. Method: 25 patients and 25 matched control participants identified 3 self-defining memories from their lives. In addition, participants were assessed with standardized interviews and questionnaires on negative and positive symptoms as well as tests of cognitive function. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 2, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tine Holm, David B. Pillemer, Vibeke Bliksted, Dorthe Kirkegaard Thomsen Source Type: research

Examination of the Interpersonal Model of Loss of Control Eating in the Laboratory
The interpersonal model of loss of control (LOC) eating proposes that interpersonal problems lead to negative affect, which in turn contributes to the onset and/or persistence of LOC eating. Despite preliminary support, there are no data examining the construct validity of the interpersonal model of LOC eating using temporally sensitive reports of social stress, distinct negative affective states, and laboratory energy intake. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 2, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lisa M. Shank, Ross D. Crosby, Anne Claire Grammer, Lauren B. Shomaker, Anna Vannucci, Natasha L. Burke, Monika Stojek, Sheila M. Brady, Merel Kozlosky, James C. Reynolds, Jack A. Yanovski, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff Source Type: research

Psychopathology and traffic violations in subjects who have lost their driving license
The persistence of risky behaviors while driving and traffic accidents despite campaigns to increase awareness suggest that there may be underlying causes that maintain proneness to traffic violations. The aim of the current study was to assess: a) the prevalence of psychopathology in a sample of people who have lost their driving license due to former traffic violations and b) the discriminatory capacity of each psychopathological disorder to differentiate among people with high and low proneness to perform risky behaviors while driving. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - March 28, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: S Valero, R Bosch, M Corominas, A Giannoni, V Barrau, JA Ramos-Quiroga, M Casas Source Type: research

Psychopathology and traffic violations in subjects who have lost their driving licence
The persistence of risky behaviors while driving and traffic accidents despite campaigns to increase awareness suggest there may by underlying causes that maintain proneness to traffic violations. The aim of the current study was to assess: a) the prevalence of psychopathology in a sample of people who have lost their driving license due to former traffic violations and b) the discriminatory capacity of each psychopathological disorder to differentiate among people with high and low proneness to perform risky behaviors while driving. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - March 28, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: S Valero, R Bosch, M Corominas, A Giannoni, V Barrau, M Casas Source Type: research

Oxytocin in the postnatal period: associations with attachment and maternal caregiving
This study investigated the associations of maternal oxytocin, self-reported attachment insecurity and depressive symptoms with maternal caregiving sensitivity at 3 –4months postpartum, observed during the ‘free play’ and ‘reunion’ episodes of the Still Face Procedure. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - March 26, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jane Kohlhoff, Valsa Eapen, Mark Dadds, Feroza Khan, Derrick Silove, Bryanne Barnett Source Type: research

Association among serum cortisol, dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate levels and psychiatric symptoms in men with chronic schizophrenia
The purpose of this study was to examine possible associations of serum levels of cortisol and dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate (DHEA-S) with psychiatric symptoms in men with chronic schizophrenia. This retrospective study involved 162 men with schizophrenia and 138 age-matched healthy controls, for whom data were collected on demographic characteristics, age at disease onset, disease duration, positive and negative syndrome scale (PANSS) scores, and history of atypical antipsychotic treatment. Serum levels of cortisol and DHEA-S were calculated, as well as the ratios of the two levels. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - March 25, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Rui Peng, Yan Li Source Type: research

Phenomenology of hoarding in children with comorbid attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): The perceptions of parents
Individuals with ADHD and comorbid hoarding disorder are vulnerable to severe consequences from hoarding symptoms. Despite this, and the early onset of hoarding disorder, the nature of hoarding symptoms in children with comorbid ADHD is unknown. We therefore explored the phenomenology of hoarding symptoms among ten 8 –12year olds with ADHD and clinically significant hoarding symptoms through parental perceptions. Parents completed in-depth semi-structured interviews. The data was analysed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - March 17, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Fiona A. Lynch, Richard Moulding, Jane A. McGillivray Source Type: research

Empirically based assessment and taxonomy of psychopathology for ages 1 ½–90+ years: Developmental, multi-informant, and multicultural findings
Originating in the 1960s, the Achenbach System of Empirically Based Assessment (ASEBA) comprises a family of instruments for assessing problems and strengths for ages 1 ½–90+ years. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - March 16, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Thomas M. Achenbach, Masha Y. Ivanova, Leslie A. Rescorla Source Type: research

Borderline Personality Disorder Symptoms and Criminal Justice System Involvement: The Roles of Emotion-Driven Difficulties Controlling Impulsive Behaviors and Physical Aggression
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is associated with elevated risk for a variety of risky behaviors, including criminal behaviors. Yet, limited research has examined the relation of BPD to criminal justice (CJ) involvement, or the mechanisms underlying this relation. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - March 15, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kelly E. Moore, Matthew T. Tull, Kim L. Gratz Source Type: research

Empirically Based Assessment and Taxonomy of Psychopathology for Ages 1 ½-90+ Years: Developmental, Multi-Informant, and Multicultural Findings
Originating in the 1960s, the Achenbach System of Empirically Based Assessment (ASEBA) comprises a family of instruments for assessing problems and strengths for ages 1 ½-90+ years. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - March 15, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Thomas M. Achenbach, Masha Y. Ivanova, Leslie A. Rescorla Source Type: research

Subsyndromal Psychosomatic Concepts and Personality Traits in Community Adults
To investigate the prevalence of features of the Diagnostic Criteria for Psychosomatic Research(DCPR) in the Taiwanese community and to explore their relationships with psychological states and personality traits. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - March 15, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Shih-Cheng Liao, I-Ming Chen, Chao-Ying Tu, Chih-Kang Hsu, Huei-Mei Ma, Min-Tzu Lee, Wei-Lieh Huang Source Type: research

Elevated triglyceride levels are associated with cognitive impairments among patients with major depressive disorder
This study examined whether patients with MDD had poorer cognitive functions than healthy controls, and further investigate whether TG levels were involved in MDD, and its cognitive impairments in a Han Chinese population. 115 patients with MDD and 119 healthy controls were enrolled. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - March 15, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tian Nan Shao, Guang Zhong Yin, Xiao Li Yin, Jing Qin Wu, Xiang Dong Du, Hong Liang Zhu, Jia Hong Liu, Xiao Qiong Wang, Dong Wu Xu, Wen Jie Tang, Li Hui Source Type: research

Emotion Regulation Strategies Mediate the Associations of Positive and Negative Affect to Upper Extremity Physical Function
The Gross process model of emotion regulation holds that emotion-eliciting situations (e.g. musculoskeletal illness) can be strategically regulated to determine the final emotional and behavioral response. Also, there is some evidence that innate emotional traits may predispose an individual to a particular regulating coping style. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - March 11, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Mojtaba Talaei-Khoei, Hora Nemati-Rezvani, Stefan F. Fischerauer, David Ring, Neal Chen, Ana-Maria Vranceanu Source Type: research

Internalizing and externalizing disorders in childhood and adolescence: A latent transition analysis using ALSPAC data
Research examining the association between internalizing and externalizing dimensions of psychopathology has relied heavily on variable-centred analytical techniques. Person-centred methodologies complement the variable-centred approach, and may help explain the medium-to-large correlations that exist between higher order dimensions of psychopathology. What little person-centred research exists has been cross-sectional and utilised adult samples. The present study sought to take a person-centred approach to the modelling of psychiatric comorbidity during a key developmental phase; middle childhood through adolescence. (Sou...
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - March 11, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Eoin McElroy, Mark Shevlin, Jamie Murphy Source Type: research

Comparative validity of the Internet and paper-and-pencil versions of the Night Eating Questionnaire
This study examined the psychometric properties of the Internet and paper-and-pencil versions of the Mandarin Chinese version of the Night Eating Questionnaire (C-NEQ) and compared these measures' validity. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - March 6, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Chao-Ying Tu, Mei-Chih Meg Tseng, Chin-Hao Chang, Chao-Cheng Lin Source Type: research

Illness severity and biomarkers in depression: using a unidimensional rating scale to examine BDNF
Numerous studies have reported reduced peripheral brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in major depression (MD). However, most of these studies used multidimensional depression rating scales, and failed to identify a relationship between BDNF levels and depression severity. Unidimensional scales are a more valid measure of syndrome severity. In these scales, items are ordered in increasing severity, so that as scores increase, syndrome severity increases; thus, each item adds unique information, and items can be totaled to a meaningful sum. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - March 4, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Marco A Caldieraro, Edgar A Vares, L ívia H de Souza, Lucas Spanemberg, Tadeu A Guerra, Bianca Wollenhaupt-Aguiar, Pâmela Ferrari, Andrew A Nierenberg, Marcelo P Fleck Source Type: research

Traumatic stress symptoms after the November 13th 2015 Terrorist Attacks among Young Adults: The Relation to Media and Emotion Regulation
A major terror attack occurred in the Paris region on 13th November 2015. This event was widely showed, described, and commented in the media. Media consumption may lead to a widespread diffusion of trauma-related symptoms following a collective trauma. These effects may depend on the type of media and emotion regulation strategies used by the media consumer. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - March 3, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Emmanuel Monfort, Mohammad Hassan Afzali Source Type: research

Attention to emotion through a go/no-go task in children with oppositionality and callous –unemotional traits
There is debate about whether the difficulties that children with different degrees of oppositionality (ODD) and callous –unemotional traits (CU) have in processing emotions are global or specific. The aim of this study is to identify difficulties in recognizing emotion (happiness, anger, sadness and fear) through a go/no-go task in children with different levels of ODD and CU traits. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - March 2, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lourdes Ezpeleta, J. Blas Navarro, N úria de la Osa, Eva Penelo, Esther Trepat, Virginia Martin, Josep M. Domènech Source Type: research

Impact of acute alcohol consumption on lethality of suicide methods
The influence of acute alcohol consumption on the factors related to suicide remains understudied. Thus, the present study investigated the relationship between blood alcohol content (BAC) and the lethality of suicide methods. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - March 2, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: C. Hyung Keun Park, Seong Ho Yoo, Jaewon Lee, Sung Joon Cho, Min-Sup Shin, Eun Young Kim, Se Hyun Kim, Keunsoo Ham, Yong Min Ahn Source Type: research

Attention to Emotion through a Go/no-Go Task in Children with Oppositionality and Callous-Unemotional Traits
There is debate about whether the difficulties that children with different degrees of oppositionality (ODD) and callous-unemotional traits (CU) have in processing emotions are global or specific. The aim of this study is to identify difficulties in recognising emotion (happiness, anger, sadness and fear) through a go/no-go task in children with different levels of ODD and CU traits. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - March 2, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lourdes Ezpeleta, J. Blas Navarro, N úria de la Osa, Eva Penelo, Esther Trepat, Virginia Martin, Josep M. Domènech Source Type: research

Intermittent explosive disorder and eating disorders: Analysis of national comorbidity and research samples
Clinical presentations of eating disorders (ED) are complex and diverse, and psychiatric comorbidities are commonplace among this population. Empirical evidence suggests that aggression and anger (the emotion corresponding to aggression) [1] are associated with ED [2, 3], severity of ED symptoms [4], and poorer treatment outcomes [5]. Research also suggests that individuals with EDs have increased aggressive behaviors against others and a higher risk of self-directed anger and aggression (e.g., suicidality, self-injurious behaviors) compared to the general population [1, 6]. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - March 2, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Karen M. Jennings, Jennifer E. Wildes, Emil F. Coccaro Source Type: research

Reliability and Validity of the DSM-5 Anxious Distress Specifier Interview
To acknowledge the clinical significance of anxiety in depressed patients, DSM-5 included an anxious distress specifier for major depressive disorder (MDD). In the present report we describe the reliability and validity of a semi-structured interview assessing the features of the anxious distress specifier. Our goal was to develop an instrument that could be used for both diagnostic and outcome measurement purposes. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - March 2, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Mark Zimmerman, Heather Clark, Patrick McGonigal, Lauren Harris, Carolina Guzman Holst, Jacob Martin Source Type: research

Gender differences of neuropsychological profiles in cognitively normal older people without amyloid pathology
To investigate the impact of sex on cognition among cognitively normal older people without amyloid pathology. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - February 28, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jie Zhang, Wenjun Zhou, Lijun Wang, Xiangyang Zhang, for the Harvard Aging Brain Study Source Type: research

Association of social support and quality of life among people with schizophrenia receiving community psychiatric service: A cross-sectional study
To understand the needs of patients with schizophrenia for recovery, this study examined the type and level of social support and its association with quality of life (QOL) among this group of patients in the city of Kuala Lumpur. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - February 27, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Thurkadevi Munikanan, Marhani Midin, Tuti Iryani Mohd Daud, Riana Abdul Rahim, Abdul Kadir Abu Bakar, Nik Ruzyanei Nik Jaafar, Hatta Sidi, Najwa Baharuddin Source Type: research

Self-control predicts attentional bias assessed by online shopping-related Stroop in high online shopping addiction tendency college students
The aim of this study was to examine the relationships of personality types (i.e., self-control, BAS/BIS) and online shopping addiction (OSA) behavior and to investigate whether high-OSA tendency individuals display attentional biases toward online shopping-related (OS-related) stimuli as well as the links between attentional bias and personality types. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - February 27, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Zhaocai Jiang, Xiuxin Zhao, Cancan Li Source Type: research

Gambling Disorder, DSM-5 Criteria and Symptom Severity
Gambling Disorder (GD) is a prevalent psychiatric condition whose severity is typically defined by the number of DSM-5 criteria met out of a maximum of nine. The relationships between the levels of gambling severity, thus defined, and other measures of psychopathology and everyday functioning are clinically important. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - February 19, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jon E. Grant, Brian L. Odlaug, Samuel R. Chamberlain Source Type: research

The influence of personality traits and emotional and behavioral problems on repetitive nonsuicidal self-injury in a school sample
Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is highly prevalent among adolescents and associated with various mental health problems and suicidality. Previous studies have found that certain personality traits are related to NSSI behavior, however only few studies examined personality traits in adolescents with NSSI. Our study aimed to assess the relationship between personality traits and emotional and behavioral problems in predicting repetitive NSSI among adolescents from a school sample. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - February 13, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Janine L üdtke, Benedict Weizenegger, Rachel Rauber, Brigitte Contin, Tina In-Albon, Marc Schmid Source Type: research

Mental Disorder Comorbidity and Treatment Utilization
Effective interventions have been developed for myriad common psychological and substance use disorders, though they remain highly underutilized. Previous research has shown that the likelihood of treatment utilization varies across disorder diagnosis. However, studies that focus on individual disorders have resulted in a large, piecemeal literature that neglects the high rates of multivariate comorbidity. The current study investigated the association between treatment utilization and transdiagnostic comorbidity factors. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - February 9, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Craig Rodriguez-Seijas, Nicholas R. Eaton, Malki Stohl, Pia Mauro, Deborah S. Hasin Source Type: research

Feasibility and Acceptability of Post-Hospitalization Ecological Momentary Assessment in Patients with Psychotic-Spectrum Disorders
Up to 50% of patients with psychotic-spectrum disorders are medication nonadherent. The use of real-time assessment via ecological momentary assessment (EMA) on mobile devices might offer important insights into adherence behaviors that cannot be measured in the clinic. However, existing EMA studies have only studied acutely ill patients during hospitalization or more stable patients in the community. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - February 6, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ethan Moitra, Brandon A. Gaudiano, Carter H. Davis, Dror Ben-Zeev Source Type: research

Pregnancy-specific anxiety and its association with background characteristics and health-related behaviours in a low-risk population
Several studies have shown that psychosocial stress during pregnancy can affect pregnancy outcomes [1 –3]. Among the psychosocial stressors examined to date, pregnancy-specific anxiety is particularly strongly related to adverse outcomes. Pregnancy-specific anxiety refers to worries and fears that are related to a woman's pregnancy and has been shown to be a stronger predictor of adverse pregnancy outcomes than general anxiety [4,5] and depression [6,7]. Moreover, pregnancy-specific anxiety has been consistently found associated with preterm birth [8]. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - February 5, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Myrte Westerneng, Anke B. Witteveen, J. Catja Warmelink, Evelien Spelten, Adriaan Honig, Paul de Cock Source Type: research

Stigma-related stress, shame and avoidant coping reactions among members of the general population with elevated symptom levels
It is unclear whether mental illness stigma affects individuals with subthreshold syndromes outside clinical settings. We therefore investigated the role of different stigma variables, including stigma-related stress and shame reactions, for avoidant stigma coping among members of the general population with elevated symptom levels. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - February 3, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: J.V. Schibalski, M. M üller, V. Ajdacic-Gross, S. Vetter, S. Rodgers, N. Oexle, P.W. Corrigan, W. Rössler, N. Rüsch Source Type: research

Metabolic Syndrome and Cardiovascular Risk among Institutionalized Patients with Schizophrenia Receiving Long Term Tertiary Care
This study aimed to determine the cardiometabolic profile and the associated risk factors in a group of institutionalized patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder receiving prolonged hospital care in the only tertiary psychiatric institution in Singapore. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - February 1, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lee Seng Esmond Seow, Siow Ann Chong, Peizhi Wang, Saleha Shafie, Hui Lin Ong, Mythily Subramaniam Source Type: research

Risk of suicide according to the level of psychiatric contact in the older people: Analysis of national health insurance databases in Taiwan
Suicide in the older people is a serious problem worldwide; however the effect of psychiatric contact on the risk of suicide has not been fully explored. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between psychiatric contact and suicide in the older people in Taiwan. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - January 31, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Shin-Ting Yeh, Yee-Yung Ng, Shiao-Chi Wu Source Type: research

A comprehensive model of food addiction in patients with binge-eating symptomatology: the essential role of negative urgency
Food addiction has been widely researched in past years. However, there is a debate on the mechanisms underlying addictive eating and a better understanding of the processes associated to these behaviours is needed. Previous studies have found characteristic psychological correlates of food addiction, such as high negative urgency, emotion regulation difficulties and low self-directedness, in different samples of adults with addictive eating patterns. Still, it seems difficult to disentangle effects independent from general eating disorder psychopathology. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - January 22, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ines Wolz, Roser Granero, Fernando Fern ández-Aranda Source Type: research