Author Index
(Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - November 1, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Subject Index
(Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - November 1, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Childhood adversity and metabolic outcomes in adults with mood disorders
Background: Metabolic syndrome is a clustering of conditions that increases the risk for cardiovascular disease. These metabolic disturbances are often comorbid with mood disorders, such as depression (MDD) and bipolar disorder (BP), and are associated with poorer psychiatric prognosis and worse functional impairment. Childhood adversity (CA) has been hypothesized to be a common risk factor for both metabolic disturbances and mood disorder. However the precise association between CA, metabolic disturbances, and mood disorders is still unknown. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - November 1, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: E. Yung, A. Iskric, G. Kraus, N. LeBaron, N. Low Source Type: research

Psychometric properties and factor structure of the Temperament and Character Inventory-Revised (TCI-R) in a Croatian psychiatric outpatient sample
The goal of this study was to investigate psychometric properties and factorial structure of the Croatian adaptation of the Temperament and Character Inventory-Revised (TCI-R) in a sample of psychiatric outpatients (n=328). (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - October 31, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Nenad Jaksic, Branka Aukst-Margetic, Sándor Rózsa, Lovorka Brajkovic, Nikolina Jovanovic, Bjanka Vuksan-Cusa, Jasmina Grubisin, Suzan Kudlek-Mikulic, Sasa Jevtovic, Darko Marcinko, Dragan M. Svrakic, Miro Jakovljevic Source Type: research

Psychometric properties and factor structure of the Temperament and Character Inventory – Revised (TCI – R) in a Croatian psychiatric outpatient sample
The goal of this study was to investigate psychometric properties and factorial structure of the Croatian adaptation of the Temperament and Character Inventory - Revised (TCI-R) in a sample of psychiatric outpatients (n=328). (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - October 31, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Nenad Jaksic, Branka Aukst-Margetic, Sándor Rózsa, Lovorka Brajkovic, Nikolina Jovanovic, Bjanka Vuksan-Cusa, Jasmina Grubisin, Suzan Kudlek-Mikulic, Sasa Jevtovic, Darko Marcinko, Dragan M. Svrakic, Miro Jakovljevic Source Type: research

Predictors of suicidal ideation in coronary artery disease
In clinical practice highlights the importance of screening for anxiety and depression in patients with medical illness. In many cases, the suicidal ideation makes up the framework of mental disorders, which may be exacerbated in these individuals. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - October 29, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Elisabete Rodrigues Nascimento, Ana Claudia Ornelas Maia, Gastão Soares-Filho, Antonio Egidio Nardi, Adriana Cardoso Source Type: research

The relationship between prosthesis use, phantom pain and psychiatric symptoms in male traumatic limb amputees
The purpose of this study was to identify psychiatric symptoms by comparing male patients with traumatic leg amputations (LAs) with healthy controls and to determine the association between these psychiatric symptoms and phantom pain and prosthesis use characteristics. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - October 29, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Dilek Durmus, Ismail Safaz, Emre Adıgüzel, Ayça Uran, Gökhan Sarısoy, Ahmet Salim Goktepe, Arif Kenan Tan Source Type: research

Is the Eating Disorder Questionnaire-Online (EDQ-O) a valid diagnostic instrument for the DSM-IV-TR classification of eating disorders?
The Eating Disorder Questionnaire-Online (EDQ-O) is an online self-report questionnaire, which was developed specifically to provide a DSM-IV-TR classification of anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), binge-eating disorder (BED), and eating disorder not otherwise specified (EDNOS), without using a face-to-face clinical interview. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - October 29, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Elke D. ter Huurne, Hein A. de Haan, Marieke C. ten Napel-Schutz, Marloes G. Postel, Juliane Menting, Job van der Palen, Maartje S. Vroling, Cor A.J. DeJong Source Type: research

Prevalence, behavioral manifestations and associated individual and climatic factors of seasonality in the Korean general population
This study aimed to explore the prevalence, specific manifestation, and associated individual and climatic factors of seasonality in the non-elderly adult population. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - October 24, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ji Hyun Baek, Ji Sun Kim, Iksoo Huh, Koun Seok Lee, Ju Hyun Park, Taesung Park, Kyooseob Ha, Kyung Sue Hong Source Type: research

Self-Reported Psychotic-Like Experiences in Individuals with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Versus Schizophrenia Patients: Characteristics and Moderation Role of Trait Anxiety
Psychotic-like experiences (PLEs) have been found to manifest themselves on a continuum spanning both the general and clinical populations. Despite robust evidence that anxiety disorders are associated with increased risk of PLEs, little is known about their characteristics in Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD). Therefore, this study aimed to explore the phenomenological similarities and differences of PLEs in OCD versus schizophrenia patients and healthy controls, and to test the impact of distress symptomatology on PLEs in OCD patients. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - October 23, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Catherine Bortolon, Stéphane Raffard Source Type: research

Cigarette smoking and the onset and persistence of depression among adults in the United States: 1994–2005
The present study investigated the relationship between daily cigarette smoking and risk of onset and persistence of major depressive disorder (MDD) over a 10-year period among adults in the United States and whether successful smoking cessation reduced risk for MDD. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - October 23, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jafar Bakhshaie, Michael J. Zvolensky, Renee D. Goodwin Source Type: research

Impact of ADHD Symptoms on Clinical and Cognitive Aspects of Problem Gambling
Problem gambling is common across cultures, and has been conceptualized in terms of impulsivity. While elevated rates of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have been observed in problem gamblers, the relationship between these two conditions, and other dissociable forms of impulsivity, has received little research attention. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - October 23, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Samuel R. Chamberlain, Katherine Derbyshire, Eric Leppink, Jon E. Grant Source Type: research

Emotional Awareness and Delusions in Schizophrenia and Schizoaffective Disorder
Emotion plays a significant role in schizophrenia. Emotional awareness (i.e., attention to and clarity of emotions) is associated with a wide range of outcomes. Given that individuals with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder differ in the significance of their mood symptoms, the present research examined whether the association between emotional awareness and delusions differs for these two groups of patients. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - October 22, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Emily D’Antonio, Jennifer Kahn, Jennifer McKelvey, Howard Berenbaum, Mark R. Serper Source Type: research

Measuring stages of recovery from psychosis
Mental health consumers invite us to abandon the pathology model, which is tied to pessimism, and instead to embrace a model of personal recovery that goes beyond being free from symptoms, and involves self-management of the illness. The Stages of Recovery Instrument (STORI) is a measure developed from the perspective of consumers according to a conceptual five-stage model of recovery. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - October 17, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Serafín Lemos-Giráldez, Leticia García-Alvarez, Mercedes Paino, Eduardo Fonseca-Pedrero, Oscar Vallina-Fernández, Guillermo Vallejo-Seco, Purificación Fernández-Iglesias, Nuria Ordóñez-Camblor, Jessica Solares-Vázquez, Laia Mas-Expósito, Ana Bar Source Type: research

Psychometric properties of the French translation of the Behavioral Activation for Depression Scale–Short Form (BADS-SF) in non-clinical adults
A decrease in the level of engagement in activities (“behavioral activation”) is usually observed in major depressive disorder. Because behavioral treatments of depression aim to counteract that mechanism, assessing changes in behavioral activation during treatment is of great interest. Therefore, Manos et al. (2011) developed a scale that assesses these changes, which was called the Behavioral Activation for Depression Scale–Short Form (BADS-SF). The aim of this study is to present a French version of this scale and to discuss its psychometric properties. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - October 15, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Aurélie Wagener, Martial Van der Linden, Sylvie Blairy Source Type: research

Anomalous Self-Experience and Childhood Trauma in First-Episode Schizophrenia
Anomalous self-experiences (ASEs) are viewed as core features of schizophrenia. Childhood trauma (CT) has been postulated as a risk factor for developing schizophrenia.AimTo investigate the relationships between CT, depression and ASEs in schizophrenia. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - October 15, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Elisabeth Haug, Merete Øie, Ole A. Andreassen, Unni Bratlien, Barnaby Nelson, Monica Aas, Paul Møller, Ingrid Melle Source Type: research

Negative symptoms are associated with lower autonomous motivation towards physical activity in people with schizophrenia
This cross-sectional study examined the association between psychiatric symptoms and motivation for physical activity within the self-determination theory (SDT) framework in people with schizophrenia. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - October 15, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Davy Vancampfort, Marc De Hert, Brendon Stubbs, Philip B. Ward, Simon Rosenbaum, Andrew Soundy, Michel Probst Source Type: research

Psychometric properties of the French translation of the Behavioral Activation for Depression Scale - Short Form (BADS-SF) in non-clinical adults
A decrease in the level of engagement in activities (“behavioral activation”) is usually observed in major depressive disorder. Because behavioral treatments of depression aim to counteract that mechanism, assessing changes in behavioral activation during treatment is of great interest. Therefore, Manos et al. (2011) developed a scale that assesses these changes, which was called the Behavioral Activation for Depression Scale – Short Form (BADS-SF). The aim of this study is to present a French version of this scale and to discuss its psychometric properties. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - October 15, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Aurélie Wagener, Martial van der Linden, Sylvie Blairy Source Type: research

Pathological gambling: understanding relapses and dropouts
There is little available information on the factors that influence relapses and dropouts during therapy for pathological gambling (PG). The aim of this study was to determine socio-demographic, clinical, personality, and psychopathological predictors of relapse and dropout in a sample of pathological gamblers seeking treatment. A total of 566 consecutive outpatients diagnosed with PG according to DSM-IV-TR criteria were included. All patients underwent an individualized cognitive-behavioral treatment program. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - October 15, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Núria Aragay, Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Roser Granero, Fernando Fernández-Aranda, Irene Ramos-Grille, Sara Cardona, Gemma Garrido, Mohammed Anisul Islam, José M. Menchón, Vicenç Valles Source Type: research

Development of a structure-validated Sexual Dream Experience Questionnaire (SDEQ) in Chinese university students
Sexual dreams reflect the waking-day life, social problems and ethical concerns. The related experience includes different people and settings, and brings various feelings, but there is no systematic measure available to date. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - October 15, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Wanzhen Chen, Ke Qin, Weiwei Su, Jialian Zhao, Zhouyu Zhu, Xiangming Fang, Wei Wang Source Type: research

A proposed model of the development of suicidal ideations
Suicidal ideations may precede suicide attempts. They are of particular concern in psychiatric populations because psychopathology is a major risk factor for suicide. The factors affecting the development of suicide ideations may differ among psychiatric patients with and without a previous suicide attempt and individuals without a psychiatric diagnosis. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - October 10, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Yari Gvion, Netta Horresh, Yossi Levi-Belz, Alan Apter Source Type: research

Sex addiction and gambling disorder: similarities and differences
Recently, the DSM-5 has developed a new diagnostic category named “Substance-related and Addictive Disorders”. This category includes gambling disorder (GD) as the sole behavioral addiction, but does not include sex addiction (SA). The aim of this study is to investigate whether SA should be classified more closely to other behavioral addictions, via a comparison of the personality characteristics and comorbid psychopathology of individuals with SA with those of individuals with GD, which comes under the category of addiction and related disorders. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - October 8, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: J.M. Farré, F. Fernández-Aranda, R. Granero, N. Aragay, N. Mallorquí-Bague, V. Ferrer, A. More, W.P. Bouman, J. Arcelus, L.G. Savvidou, E. Penelo, M.N. Aymamí, M. Gómez-Peña, K. Gunnard, A. Romaguera, J.M. Menchón, V. Vallès, S. Jiménez-Murcia Source Type: research

Age-related differences in suicidality between young people and older adults with depression: data from a nationwide depression cohort study in Korea (the CRESCEND study)
This study compared young people and older adults with depression to identify differences in suicidality between these groups. A total of 1003 patients with moderate to severe depression (Hamilton Depression Rating Scale [HDRS] score ≥14) were recruited from a national sample of 18 hospitals. Of the patients included in this study, 103 (10.3%) were placed in the younger group (age (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - October 8, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ho-Jun Seo, Hoo Rim Song, Hyeon-Woo Yim, Jung-Bum Kim, Min-Soo Lee, Jae-Min Kim, Tae-Youn Jun Source Type: research

Self-perceived cognitive functioning and its relationship with objective performance in first-episode schizophrenia: The Subjective Cognitive Impairment Scale
This study aimed to examine psychometric properties of a newly developed scale, Subjective Cognitive Impairment Scale (SCIS) and to investigate the relationship of self-reported ratings with objective test performance in first-episode schizophrenia. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - October 8, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Wing Chung Chang, Tracey Chi Wan Chan, Shirley Sanyin Chiu, Christy Lai Ming Hui, Sherry Kit Wa Chan, Edwin Ho Ming Lee, Eric Yu Hai Chen Source Type: research

Association between defense mechanisms and psychiatric symptoms in North Korean Refugees
Defense mechanism may contribute to psychiatric symptoms. Refugees are vulnerable to various psychiatric symptoms, such as depression, anxiety, somatization, and those associated with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), due to their traumatic or stressful experiences. We aimed to investigate the mediating role of each defense mechanism in the occurrence of specific psychiatric symptoms in North Korean refugees. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - October 3, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jin Yong Jun, Yu-Jin G. Lee, So-Hee Lee, So Young Yoo, Jungeun Song, Seog Ju Kim Source Type: research

The relationship between childhood history of ADHD symptoms and borderline personality disorder features among personality disordered outpatients: The moderating role of gender and the mediating roles of emotion dysregulation and impulsivity
This study aimed to evaluate if the relation between retrospectively assessed ADHD symptoms and adult BPD features is moderated by participants’ gender and mediated by emotion dysregulation and impulsivity. Two hundred seventeen outpatients meeting DSM-IV criteria for at least one personality disorder (PD) consecutively admitted to the Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy Unit of the Scientific Institute H San Raffaele of Milan, Italy, were administered Italian versions of the following instruments: Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis II Personality Disorders (SCID-II), Wender Utah Rating Scale (WURS), Dif...
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - October 2, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Andrea Fossati, Kim L. Gratz, Serena Borroni, Cesare Maffei, Antonella Somma, Davide Carlotta Source Type: research

The relationship between childhood history of ADHD symptoms and DSM-IV borderline personality disorder features among personality disordered outpatients: The moderating role of gender and the mediating roles of emotion dysregulation and impulsivity
This study aimed to evaluate if the relation between retrospectively assessed ADHD symptoms and adult BPD features is moderated by participants’ gender and mediated by emotion dysregulation and impulsivity. Two hundred seventeen outpatients meeting DSM-IV criteria for at least one personality disorder (PD) consecutively admitted to the Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy Unit of the Scientific Institute H San Raffaele of Milan, Italy, were administered Italian versions of the following instruments: Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis II Personality Disorders (SCID-II), Wender Utah Rating Scale (WURS), Dif...
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - October 2, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Andrea Fossati, Kim L. Gratz, Serena Borroni, Cesare Maffei, Antonella Somma, Davide Carlotta Source Type: research

The Yoruba version of the Beck Hopelessness Scale: psychometric characteristics and correlates of hopelessness in a sample of Nigerian psychiatric outpatients
Previous studies from the developed western countries have repeatedly demonstrated that hopelessness positively correlates with an increased risk of suicide in the context of chronic mental disorders such as schizophrenia and affective disorders. Despite this persistently strong association, the construct of hopelessness in terms of its factorial structure and correlates has not been explored among Nigerian psychiatric outpatients. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - October 2, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Olutayo Aloba, Adesanmi Akinsulore, Boladale Mapayi, Ibiduniyi Oloniniyi, Kolawole Mosaku, Taiwo Alimi, Olufemi Esan Source Type: research

Masthead
(Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - October 1, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - October 1, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Information for Contributors
(Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - October 1, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Contents
(Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - October 1, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prevalence and clinical features associated to bipolar disorder–migraine comorbidity: a systematic review
The prevalence and clinical features associated with bipolar disorders (BDs)–migraine comorbidity have been reported inconsistently across different studies, therefore warranting a systematic review on the matter. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - September 27, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Michele Fornaro, Domenico De Berardis, Concetta De Pasquale, Luisa Indelicato, Rocco Pollice, Alessandro Valchera, Giampaolo Perna, Felice Iasevoli, Carmine Tomasetti, Giovanni Martinotti, Ann Sarah Koshy, Ole Bernt Fasmer, Ketil Joachim Oedegaard Source Type: research

Associations of working models of the self and other with Cloninger's personality dimensions
The present study examined the associations of working models of the self and other, one of the key concepts of Bowlby's attachment theory, with the seven dimensions of Cloninger's personality model. The subjects were 542 healthy Japanese volunteers. Working models of the self and other were assessed by the Relationship Scales Questionnaire, and the seven dimensions of personality were evaluated by the Temperament and Character Inventory. In the correlation analysis, the self-model was correlated most strongly with self-directedness (SD) (r=0.50, P (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - September 26, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Koichi Otani, Akihito Suzuki, Yoshihiko Matsumoto, Masanori Enokido, Fumikazu Kuwahata, Nana Takahashi Source Type: research

Family patterns of psychopathology in psychiatric disorders
Familial loading and crucial outcomes of family history of psychopathology in psychiatric disorders have long been recognized. There has been ample literature providing convincing evidence for the importance of family psychopathology in development of emotional disturbances in children as well as worse outcomes in the course of psychiatric disorders. More often, maternal psychopathology seems to have been an issue of interest rather than paternal psychopathology while effects of second-degree familiality have received almost no attention. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - September 25, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Osman Özdemir, Murat Boysan, Pınar Güzel Özdemir, Salih Coşkun, Halil Özcan, Ekrem Yılmaz, Ercan Atilla Source Type: research

Prevalence and clinical correlates of obsessive–compulsive disorder in schizophrenia
Obsessive compulsive symptoms frequently occur in a substantial proportion of patients with schizophrenia. The term schizoobsessive has been proposed to delineate this subgroup of schizophrenia patients who present with obsessive–compulsive symptoms/disorder. However, whether this co-occurrence is more than just co-morbidity and represents a distinct subgroup remains controversial. A striking variation is noted across studies examining prevalence of obsessive–compulsive symptoms/disorder in schizophrenia patients and their impact on clinical profile of schizophrenia. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - September 19, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sugnyani Devi, Naren P. Rao, Suresh Badamath, C.R. Chandrashekhar, Y.C. Janardhan Reddy Source Type: research

Psychometric properties of a Chinese version of the Stigma Scale: examining the complex experience of stigma and its relationship with self-esteem and depression among people living with mental illness in Hong Kong
Stigma of mental illness is a global public health concern, but there lacks a standardized and cross-culturally validated instrument for assessing the complex experience of stigma among people living with mental illness (PLMI) in the Chinese context. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - September 19, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Andy H.Y. Ho, Jordan S. Potash, Ted C.T. Fong, Vania F.L. Ho, Eric Y.H. Chen, Robert H.W. Lau, Friendly S.W. Au Yeung, Rainbow T.H. Ho Source Type: research

Quality of life in a 20-year follow-up study of people suffering from schizophrenia
1. To assess the changes in quality of life indicators in schizophrenia sufferers at three measurement points: 7, 12 and 20years after the first hospitalization. 2. To assess changes in the level of functioning and psychopathological state. 3. To assess the relationships between quality of life, the level of functioning and the severity of symptoms. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - September 19, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Łukasz Cichocki, Andrzej Cechnicki, Joanna Franczyk-Glita, Piotr Błądziński, Aneta Kalisz, Konrad Wroński Source Type: research

Predictors of life disability in trichotillomania
This study examined the relationships between hair pulling (HP) style and severity and disability while controlling for mood severity. Disability was measured in individual life areas (work, social, and family/home life) instead of as a total disability score as in previous studies. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - September 19, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Esther S. Tung, Christopher A. Flessner, Jon E. Grant, Nancy J. Keuthen Source Type: research

The mass murderer history: Modern classifications, sociodemographic and psychopathological characteristics, suicidal dimensions, and media contagion of mass murders
Multicide and other mass killings are sufficiently dramatic to excite great interest from clinicians, criminologists and behavioral scientists. This paper revisits the history of the mass murderer, an entity that has progressively distinguished itself from the serial killer. The functional difference between mass and serial homicide is quite obvious, particularly in setting, time, victim status and modus operandi. Classification of these acts requires a number of parameters. The causes of mass murders are multiple and complex: although they rarely seem to be related to psychotic mental pathologies, they are always an expre...
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - September 18, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Yann Auxemery Source Type: research

Mental health of single fathers living in an urban community in South Korea
The aims of this study were to understand the mental health of single fathers relative to married fathers as the population of single fathers continues to increase and to use the resultant data for the establishment of public health policies. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - September 18, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kyoung Ae Kong, Soo In Kim Source Type: research

Treating kleptomania: cross-cultural adaptation of the Kleptomania Symptom Assessment Scale and assessment of an outpatient program
This study provides preliminary data on the Portuguese-language version of the Kleptomania Symptom Assessment Scale (P-K-SAS) and preliminary data on an outpatient program. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - September 18, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Aparecida Rangon Christianini, Maria Aparecida Conti, Norman Hearst, Táki Athanássios Cordás, Cristiano Nabuco de Abreu, Hermano Tavares Source Type: research

Cultural translation and Tunisian validation of the Drug Attitude Inventory (DAI-30) in outpatients with schizophrenia
Non-adherence to treatment in patients with schizophrenia is associated with increased hospitalization, higher health care costs, and poorer long-term outcomes in terms of relapse rates. It is established that a negative drug attitude was a risk factor for non-adherence in long-term schizophrenia. The scale “Drug Attitude Inventory" is one of the scales designed to assess this concept. It has been translated and validated in different languages. However, its psychometric properties have not yet been studied in our sociocultural context. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - September 14, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jaafar Nakhli, Badii Amamou, Salem Mlika, Saoussen Bouhlel, Marwan Trifi, Selma Ben Nasr, Yousri El Kissi, Béchir Ben Hadj Ali Source Type: research

Pseudologia fantastica: Forensic and clinical treatment implications
Pseudologia fantastica, also known as mythomania, or pathological lying, is a psychiatric phenomenon that is a mixture of fact and fiction involving fantasized events and self aggrandizing personal roles. It has been recognized in the field for over a century. In this case report we discuss three different cases, two of them presented in the acute inpatient setting and one outpatient setting. All three presented with the common theme of extensive and ‘pathological lying’ in a manner that was notably very destructive to them and posing significant challenges to the treatment team. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - September 14, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Panagiota Korenis, Luisa Gonzalez, Bashkim Kadriu, Anu Tyagi, Azuka Udolisa Source Type: research

Prevalence of Suicidal Ideation and Other Suicide Warning Signs in Veterans Attending an Urgent Care Psychiatric Clinic
Suicide prevention in the clinical setting is focused on evaluating risk in the coming hours to days, yet little is known about which factors increase acute risk. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - September 14, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Janet R. McClure, Michael H. Criqui, Caroline A. Macera, Ming Ji, Caroline M. Nievergelt, Sidney Zisook Source Type: research

Alexithymia, a compounding factor for eating and social avoidance symptoms in Anorexia Nervosa
Socio-affective difficulties, in particular difficulties in representing, communicating and feeling emotions, may play a critical role in Anorexia Nervosa (AN). The aim of this longitudinal study was to explore the links between alexithymia and two types of symptom in AN: eating symptoms and social avoidance. Sixty adolescent girls with AN were recruited following hospitalisation in a specialised department. They completed self-administered questionnaires of alexithymia (TAS-20), of eating symptoms and associated psychological traits (EDI), and of anxious and depressive affects (SCL-90). (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - September 14, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Annaig Courty, Nathalie Godart, Christophe Lalanne, Sylvie Berthoz Source Type: research

Age and gender differences in the factor structure of the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale among Japanese working individuals
The objective of this study was to examine differences in the factor structure of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) among Japanese working individuals of differing age and gender using exploratory factor analysis (EFA). (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - September 13, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Norio Sugawara, Norio Yasui-Furukori, Ippei Takahashi, Masashi Matsuzaka, Shigeyuki Nakaji Source Type: research

A dimensional approach to assessing personality functioning: examining personality trait domains utilizing personality disorder criteria
This study compared a dimensional, trait domain approach to characterizing personality pathology with the traditional polythetic approach with respect to their associations with interpersonal functioning and personality traits from the five factor model. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - September 6, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: J. Christopher Fowler, Carla Sharp, Allison Kalpakci, Alok Madan, Joshua Clapp, Jon G. Allen, B. Christopher Frueh, John M. Oldham Source Type: research

Temperamental differences between adolescents and young adults with or without an eating disorder
There is an increasing interest into the role of temperament, and more specifically the traits Sensitivity to Punishment (SP) and Sensitivity to Reward (SR), in the occurrence of eating disorder (ED) symptoms. However, the results on this topic are inconsistent, different instruments are used to measure SP and SR and there is a lack of research on adolescents and young adults, although they form a group at risk to develop an ED. Therefore, the present objective was to study personality profiles co-occurring with specific EDs in adolescents and young adults. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - September 6, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Annelies Matton, Lien Goossens, Myriam Vervaet, Caroline Braet Source Type: research

Do alexithymic individuals avoid their feelings? Experiential avoidance mediates the association between alexithymia, psychosomatic, and depressive symptoms in a community and a clinical sample
This study attempts to assess the extent to which alexithymia represents a learned, avoidant coping strategy against unwanted emotions. In this way the study aims to identify a potential mechanism that may elucidate the relationship between alexithymia and psychological symptoms. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - September 6, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Georgia Panayiotou, Chrysanthi Leonidou, Elena Constantinou, John Hart, Kimberly L. Rinehart, Jennifer T. Sy, Thröstur Björgvinsson Source Type: research