Temperamental and character profiles of preschool children with ODD, ADHD, and anxiety disorders
The aim of the present research was to identify profiles of Cloninger's temperament and character dimensions associated with anxiety disorders, oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and attention- deficit/hyperactive disorder (ADHD) in preschoolers. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - January 7, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Maria Grazia Melegari, Valentina Nanni, Fabio Lucidi, Paolo M. Russo, Renato Donfrancesco, C. Robert Cloninger Source Type: research

Differential lexical correlates of social cognition and metacognition in schizophrenia; A study of spontaneously-generated life narratives
Social cognition and metacognition have been identified as important cognitive domains in schizophrenia, which are separable from general neurocognition and predictive of functional and treatment outcomes. However, one challenge to improved models of schizophrenia has been the conceptual overlap between the two. One tool used in previous research to develop cognitive models of psychopathology is language analysis. In this article we aimed to clarify distinctions between social cognition and metacognition in schizophrenia using computerized language software (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - January 6, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Benjamin Buck, Kyle S. Minor, Paul H. Lysaker Source Type: research

Gambling disorder in older adults: a cross-cultural perspective
Gambling Disorder (GD) in older adults is significantly increasing and became an important public health issue in different countries. However, little is known regarding GD in older adults. The prevalence and acceptance of gambling varies among different cultures and this raises the question of how and to what extent culture affects older gamblers. The majority of the important studies regarding GD in older adults have been conducted mainly in Anglo-Saxon cultures and little information is available regarding GD in other cultures. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - December 31, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Gustavo Costa Medeiros, Eric Leppink, Ana Yaemi, Mirella Mariani, Hermano Tavares, Jon Grant Source Type: research

Validation of the Italian translation of the Revised Temperament and Character Inventory – TCI-140 – in adult participants and in participants with medical diseases
This study aimed at assessing the reliability and construct validity of the TCI-140. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - December 30, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Anna Vespa, Marica Ottaviani, Andrea Fossati, Maria Velia Giulietti, Roberta Spatuzzi, Cristina Meloni, Paolo Fabbietti, Liana Spazzafumo, Sandor Rozsa, Robert C. Cloninger Source Type: research

Factor structure and temporal stability of the Vancouver Obsessional Compulsive Inventory–Mental Contamination Scale (VOCI-MC) and psychometric properties of its Italian version
The Vancouver Obsessional Compulsive Inventory–Mental Contamination Scale (VOCI-MC) is a self-report instrument that assesses symptoms of mental contamination. The aim of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties of the Italian version of the VOCI-MC in non-clinical and clinical samples. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - December 30, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Gabriele Melli, Claudia Carraresi, Eleonora Stopani, Adam S. Radomsky, Francesco Bulli Source Type: research

Validation of the Italian Translation of the Revised Temperament and Character Inventory -TCI 140 in adult participants and in participants with medical diseases
This study aimed at assessing the reliability and construct validity of the TCI-140 (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - December 30, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Anna Vespa, Marica Ottaviani, Andrea Fossati, Maria Velia Giulietti, Roberta Spatuzzi, Cristina Meloni, Paolo Fabbietti, Liana Spazzafumo, Sandor Rozsa, Robert C. Cloninger Source Type: research

Factor structure and temporal stability of the Vancouver Obsessional Compulsive Inventory – Mental Contamination Scale (VOCI-MC) and psychometric properties of its Italian version
The Vancouver Obsessional Compulsive Inventory – Mental Contamination Scale (VOCI-MC) is a self-report instrument that assesses symptoms of mental contamination. The aim of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties of the Italian version of the VOCI-MC in non-clinical and clinical samples. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - December 30, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Gabriele Melli, Claudia Carraresi, Eleonora Stopani, Adam S. Radomsky, Francesco Bulli Source Type: research

Genetic and environmental influences underlying the relationship between autistic traits and temperament and character dimensions in adulthood
In recent years, several twin studies adopted a dimensional approach to Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) and estimated the contribution of genetic and environmental influences to variation in autistic traits. However, no study was performed on adults over 18 years of age and all but two studies were based on parent or teacher ratings. Also, the genetic and environmental contributions to the interplay between autistic traits and adult personality dimensions have not been investigated. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - December 30, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Angelo Picardi, Corrado Fagnani, Emanuela Medda, Virgilia Toccaceli, Paolo Brambilla, Maria Antonietta Stazi Source Type: research

Factors Associated with the Duration of Untreated Illness Among Patients with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
Patients suffering from obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), despite heightened levels of functional impairment and disability, often wait several years before starting pharmacological treatment. The interval between the onset of a specific psychiatric disorder and administration of the first pharmacological treatment has been conceptualized as the duration of untreated illness (DUI). The DUI has been increasingly investigated as a predictor of long-term outcomes for OCD and other anxiety disorders. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - December 30, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Cana Aksoy Poyraz, Şenol Turan, Nazife Gamze Usta Sağlam, Gizem Çetiner Batun, Ahmet Yassa, Alaattin Duran Source Type: research

A disease specific questionnaire for assessing behavior in individuals with Prader–Willi syndrome
Prader–Willi syndrome (PWS) is a genetic multisystem disorder with various medical, cognitive, behavioral and psychiatric problems. PWS is caused by the lack of expression of paternal genes on chromosome 15q2-q13 due to a deletion (70–75%), uniparental disomy (25–30%) or imprinting center defect ( (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - December 29, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hamutal Avrahamy, Yehuda Pollak, Liron Shriki-Tal, Larry Genstil, Harry J. Hirsch, Varda Gross-Tsur, Fortu Benarroch Source Type: research

Sensory modulation and daily-life participation in people with schizophrenia
Schizophrenia is considered to be an extreme mental health disturbance that affects a person's well-being and participation in everyday activities. Participation in meaningful everyday occupations is an important component of recovery from mental illness, the ultimate goal of mental health services. The participation restrictions of people with schizophrenia have been widely investigated through different factors, such as illness symptoms and course, cognition, and demographic data; however, the resulting explanations were incomplete. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - December 29, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lena Lipskaya-Velikovsky, Tami Bar-Shalita, Orit Bart Source Type: research

Forms of non-suicidal self-injury as a function of trait aggression
To date, the considerable body of research on predictors of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) has conceptualized NSSI as a unitary construct despite the fact that NSSI can exist in many forms (e.g., hitting, cutting, burning). The goal of the present study is to examine differential prediction of forms of NSSI. Specifically, we examined trait aggression as a predictor of more aggressive forms of NSSI (i.e., hitting). We hypothesized that higher trait aggression would differentiate those who engaged in hitting forms of NSSI from those who did not, whereas other factors (i.e., emotion regulation and trait anger) would serve as...
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - December 29, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Evan M. Kleiman, Dan A. Kulper, Lauren L. Uyeji, Abigail L. Jenkins, Michael S. McCloskey Source Type: research

A disease specific questionnaire for assessing behavior in individuals with Prader-Willi syndrome
Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a genetic multisystem disorder with various medical, cognitive, behavioral and psychiatric problems. PWS is caused by the lack of expression of paternal genes on chromosome 15q2-q13 due to a deletion (70-75%), uniparental disomy (25-30%) or imprinting center defect ( (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - December 29, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hamutal Avrahamy, Yehuda Pollak, Liron Shriki-Tal, Larry Genstil, Harry J. Hirsch, Varda Gross-Tsur, Fortu Benarroch Source Type: research

External Validity of the Symptom Assessment-45 Questionnaire (SA-45) in a Clinical Sample
This study seeks to evaluate the construct validity of the Symptom Assessment- 45 by investigating the instrument’s correlation with selected scales from the Personality Assessment Inventory and life-event data in a sample of 93 psychiatric patients. The life-event data used in the study included: education and employment, as well as history of suicide attempts, psychiatric hospitalizations, medical problems, hallucinations, and paranoid ideation. Bivariate correlations were computed to explore the associations among the SA-45 scales and the validity criteria. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - December 29, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jenelle Slavin-Mulford, Hana Perkey, Mark Blais, Michelle Stein, Samuel Justin Sinclair Source Type: research

Excoriation (Skin-Picking) Disorder in Adults: A Cross-Cultural Survey of Israeli Jewish and Arab Samples
We sought to estimate the lifetime prevalence of Excoriation (Skin-Picking) Disorder (SPD) in the Israeli adult population as a whole and compare SPD prevalence in the Jewish and Arab communities. We also explored demographic, medical and psychological correlates of SPD diagnosis. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - December 29, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Vera Leibovici, Lorrin M. Koran, Sari Murad, Ihab Siam, Brian L. Odlaug, Uri Mandelkoren, Vera Feldman-Weisz, Nancy J. Keuthen Source Type: research

Sensory modulation and daily-life participation inpeople with schizophrenia
Schizophrenia is considered to be an extreme mental health disturbance that affects a person’s well-being and participation in everyday activities. Participation in meaningful everyday occupations is an important component of recovery from mental illness, the ultimate goal of mental health services. The participation restrictions of people with schizophrenia have been widely investigated through different factors, such as illness symptoms and course, cognition, and demographic data; however, the resulting explanations were incomplete. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - December 29, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lena Lipskaya-Velikovsky, Tami Bar-Shalita, Orit Bart Source Type: research

Manic patients exhibit more utilitarian moral judgments in comparison with euthymic bipolar and healthy persons
Both emotional and cognitive processes are involved in moral judgments. Ventromedial prefrontal lesions are related to impaired prosocial emotions and emotional dysregulation, and patients with these lesions exhibit increased utilitarian judgments of emotionally salient personal moral dilemmas. Bipolar patients experiencing manic episode also have impaired emotional regulation and behavioral control. We investigated the characteristics of moral judgment in manic and euthymic patients with bipolar disorder using the 50 hypothetical moral dilemma task (17 non-moral, 20 personal, and 13 impersonal). (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - December 29, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sung Hwa Kim, Tae Young Kim, Vin Ryu, Ra Yeon Ha, Su Jin Lee, Kyooseob Ha, Hyun-Sang Cho Source Type: research

Non-Suicidal Self-Injury and Suicidal Ideation as Predictors of Suicide Attempts in Adolescent Girls: A Multi-wave Prospective Study
Although both suicide ideation (SI) and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) are known risk factors for suicidal behavior, few longitudinal studies have examined whether having a history or one or both of these factors prospectively predict increased risk for suicide attempts. According to Joiner’s1 theory of acquired capability for suicide, engagement in NSSI may reduce inhibitions around self-inflicted violence, imparting greater risk for suicide attempts among those with SI than would be observed in those with SI who do not have a history of NSSI. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - December 29, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lori N. Scott, Paul A. Pilkonis, Alison E. Hipwell, Kate Keenan, Stephanie D. Stepp Source Type: research

Problems in Sexual Functioning among Male OEF/OIF Veterans Seeking Treatment for Posttraumatic Stress
Few studies have examined sexual dysfunction among Operations Enduring/Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The present study investigated predictors of erectile dysfunction [ED] and self-reported sexual problems among 150 male combat veterans seeking outpatient treatment for PTSD within the Veterans Affairs healthcare system. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - December 29, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Christal L. Badour, Daniel F. Gros, Derek D. Szafranski, Ron Acierno Source Type: research

Character profiles and life satisfaction
There is a surge of interest in subjective well-being (SWB), which concerns how individuals feel about their happiness. Life satisfaction tends to be influenced by individual psychological traits and external social factors. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between individual character and SWB. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - December 29, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hwanjin Park, Byung Seong Suh, Won Sool Kim, Hye-Kyung Lee, Seon-Cheol Park, Kounseok Lee Source Type: research

Prevalence of Body Dysmorphic Disorder among Swedish Women: a population-based study
Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is characterized by a highly distressing and impairing preoccupation with nonexistent or slight defects in appearance. Patients with BDD present to both psychiatric and non-psychiatric physicians. A few studies have assessed BDD prevalence in representative samples of the general population and have demonstrated that this disorder is relatively common. Our primary objective was to assess the prevalence of BDD in the Swedish population because no data are currently available. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - December 29, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sabina Brohede, Gun Wingren, Barbro Wijma, Klaas Wijma Source Type: research

Alexithymia, responsibility attitudes and suicide ideation among outpatients with obsessive-compulsive disorder: an exploratory study
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is psychiatric disorder with a significant suicide risk, and the presence of alexithymia may increase this risk. As several studies attribute an important role, in OCD, to responsibility, the aims of this study were to evaluate possible clinical differences between patients positive or not for alexithymia concerning disorder severity, responsibility attitudes and suicide ideation and investigate which variables were associated with increased suicide ideation. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - December 29, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Domenico De Berardis, Nicola Serroni, Daniela Campanella, Gabriella Rapini, Luigi Olivieri, Barbara Feliziani, Alessandro Carano, Alessandro Valchera, Felice Iasevoli, Carmine Tomasetti, Monica Mazza, Michele Fornaro, Giampaolo Perna, Marco Di Nicola, Gio Source Type: research

Trajectories of Medication Attitudes and Adherence Behavior Change in Non-adherent Bipolar Patients
This study evaluated attitudinal correlates of adherence conversion in 86 poorly adherent individuals with BD. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - December 26, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jennifer B. Levin, Curtis Tatsuoka, Kristin A. Cassidy, Michelle E. Aebi, Martha Sajatovic Source Type: research

Refinement of the SWN-20 based on the Rasch rating model
The aim of the present study was to refine the 20-item Subjective Well-Being under Neuroleptic Treatment Scale (SWN-20) using the Rasch rating model to validate measurements of subjective well-being in patients with schizophrenia undergoing antipsychotic treatment. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - December 26, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: In-Jo Park, Dong Chung Jung, Samuel Suk-Hyun Hwang, Hee Yeon Jung, Jin-Sang Yoon, Chul-Eung Kim, Yong Min Ahn, Yong Sik Kim Source Type: research

Changes of Explicitly and Implicitly Measured Self-Esteem in the Treatment of Major Depression: Evidence for Implicit Self-Esteem Compensation
Self-esteem has been claimed to be an important factor in the development and maintenance of depression. Whereas explicit self-esteem is usually reduced in depressed individuals, studies on implicitly measured self-esteem in depression exhibit a more heterogeneous pattern of results, and the role of implicit self-esteem in depression is still ambiguous. Previous research on implicit self-esteem compensation (ISEC) revealed that implicit self-esteem can mirror processes of self-esteem compensation under conditions that threaten self-esteem. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - December 24, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ingo Wegener, Franziska Geiser, Susanne Alfter, Jan Mierke, Katrin Imbierowicz, Alexandra Kleiman, Anne Sarah Koch, Rupert Conrad Source Type: research

Are Personality Disorder Dimensions Related Over Time? An Examination over the Course of Ten Years Using Multivariate Growth Modeling
Despite the well-documented literature on cross-sectional comorbidity, there is a paucity of data on the associations between Personality Disorders (PDs) over time. Using multivariate growth modeling, the present study examined the inter-relationships between pairs of PD disorder dimensions. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - December 24, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Rachel Hershenberg, Thomas M. Olino, Margaret W. Dyson, Joanne Davila, Daniel N. Klein Source Type: research

Assessment of cigarette smoking status with respect to symptomatic manifestation in first-episode schizophrenia patients
It has been repeatedly found that cigarette smoking may influence schizophrenia psychopathology. However, little is known about the relationship between nicotine consumption and symptomatic manifestation of first-episode schizophrenia (FES). (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - December 24, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Błażej Misiak, Andrzej Kiejna, Dorota Frydecka Source Type: research

Masthead
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Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - December 6, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Editorial Board
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Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - December 6, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Information for Contributors
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Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - December 6, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Contents
(Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - December 6, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Characteristics of Chinese Rural Young Suicides: Who Did Not Have a Strong Intent to Die
In exploration of the risk factors of the Chinese rural young suicide, previous researchers found low prevalence of mental problems, high degree of impulsivity, and great proportion of lethal pesticide consumption. It noticed that some of the young suicides in rural China did not intend to die from the suicidal behavior which was only instrumentally used for certain gains. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - December 1, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Long Sun, Jie Zhang Source Type: research

Psychometric properties of the self-reporting questionnaire (SRQ-20): measurement invariance across women from Brazilian community settings
This study aimed to explore the latent structure of SRQ-20 among Brazilian women from community settings. We also tested the model invariance across different sociodemographic conditions. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - November 28, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Felipe Paraventi, Hugo Cogo-Moreira, Cristiane Silvestre Paula, Jair de Jesus Mari Source Type: research

The role of emotional intelligence in symptom reduction after psychotherapy in a heterogeneous psychiatric sample
Emotional intelligence of the patient has been claimed to potentially be an important factor in psychotherapy. Empirical studies are largely lacking. The purpose of this study was to examine if (i) pre-intervention emotional intelligence predicts outcome of psychotherapy and (ii) change in emotional intelligence during psychotherapy is associated with change in symptoms in a patient sample with heterogeneous psychiatric symptoms. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - November 28, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ivan Nyklíček, Pierre Schalken, Stephanie Meertens Source Type: research

Correlates of dependence and treatment for substance use among people with comorbid severe mental and substance use disorders
People with severe mental illness (SMI) have often comorbid alcohol and other substance disorders but substantial barriers to addiction care remain.The study is aimed at describing correlates associated with dependence and with treatment for substance use among people with SMI and comorbid substance disorders cared in community mental health teams (CMHTs). (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - November 27, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Giuseppe Carrà, Cristina Crocamo, Paola Borrelli, Ioana Popa, Alessandra Ornaghi, Cristina Montomoli, Massimo Clerici Source Type: research

Family Accommodation Scale for Obsessive–Compulsive Disorder—Interviewer-Rated (FAS-IR), Brazilian Portuguese version: Internal consistency, reliability, and exploratory factor analysis
To examine the psychometric properties of the Brazilian Portuguese version of the Family Accommodation Scale for Obsessive–Compulsive Disorder—Interviewer-Rated (FAS-IR). (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - November 26, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Juliana Braga Gomes, Aristides Cordioli, Barbara Van Noppen, Michele Pato, Kate Taylor, Francine Gonçalves, Elizeth Heldt Source Type: research

Open-longitudinal study of the effect of dissociative symptoms on the response of patients with panic disorder to venlafaxine
In this study we aimed to investigate whether or not dissociative experiences affect the response to PD drug treatment. For this purpose, standart dose of venlafaxine was preferred for treatment. 63 patients with PD were included in the study. Venlafaxine treatment with increasing dose was administered to each patient during a 10-week period. The Panic Disorder Severity Scale (PDSS) and the Dissociation Questionnaire (DIS-Q) were applied to the patients at the beginning of the study. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - November 26, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Cenk Ural, Hasan Belli, Abdulkadir Tabo, Mahir Akbudak Source Type: research

Open-longıtudınal study of the effect of dıssocıatıve symptoms on the response of patıents wıth panıc dısorder to venlafaxıne
In this study we aimed to investigate whether or not dissociative experiences affect the response to PD drug treatment. For this purpose, standart dose of venlafaxine was preferred for treatment. 63 patients with PD were included in the study. Venlafaxine treatment with increasing dose was administered to each patient during a 10-week period. The Panic Disorder Severity Scale (PDSS) and the Dissociation Questionnaire (DIS-Q) were applied to the patients at the beginning of the study. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - November 26, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Cenk Ural, Hasan Belli, Abdulkadir Tabo, Mahir Akbudak Source Type: research

Family Accommodation Scale for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder – Interviewer-Rated (FAS-IR), Brazilian Portuguese version: internal consistency, reliability, and exploratory factor analysis
To examine the psychometric properties of the Brazilian Portuguese version of the Family Accommodation Scale for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder – Interviewer-Rated (FAS-IR). (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - November 26, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Juliana Braga Gomes, Aristides Cordioli, Barbara Van Noppen, Michele Pato, Kate Taylor, Francine Gonçalves, Elizeth Heldt Source Type: research

Self esteem, dependency, self-efficacy and self-criticism in Social Anxiety Disorder
Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) is characterized by fear and avoidance in social situations where one perceives being in danger of scrutiny by others. Low self-esteem' low self-efficacy, high self-criticism and high dependency are additional potential features of SAD, and thus their examination is warranted, as is the elucidation of their inter-relationship. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - November 26, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Iulian Iancu, Ehud Bodner, Itzhak Z. Ben-Zion Source Type: research

Experiential avoidance mediates the link between maternal attachment style and theory of mind
Theoretical and empirical models suggest a relation between attachment style and Theory of Mind (ToM) in childhood and adulthood; however, this link has not been evaluated to the same extent in adolescence. Additionally, these models typically fail to consider mechanisms by which attachment style affects ToM abilities. The present study sought to test a mediational model in which experiential avoidance mediates the relation between maternal attachment style and ToM. A sample of 282 adolescents (Mage =15.42years, SD =1.44, 62.8% female) was recruited from an inpatient psychiatric hospital. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - November 21, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Salome Vanwoerden, Allison H. Kalpakci, Carla Sharp Source Type: research

The Prevalence and Clinical features of The Night Eating Syndrome in Psychiatric Out-Patient Population
In this study we aimed to investigate the prevalance and clinical correlations of Night Eating Syndrome (NES) in a sample of psychiatric outpatients. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - November 18, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Özge Saraçlı, Nuray Atasoy, Asena Akdemir, Olga Güriz, Numan Konuk, Güzin Mukaddes Sevinçer, Handan Ankaralı, Levent Atik Source Type: research

Examining the relationship between coping strategies and suicidal desire in a sample of United States military personnel
Suicidal desire in the military has been previously examined through the lens of the Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide (IPTS). However, no research has examined the impact of specific coping strategies on perceived burdensomeness, thwarted belongingness, and suicidal ideation in a large population of individuals serving in the US military. Furthermore, the factor structure of previously utilized coping clusters did not apply to our sample of military personnel. Therefore, we found a three-factor solution to be tested in this sample. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - November 17, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lauren R. Khazem, Keyne C. Law, Bradley A. Green, Michael D. Anestis Source Type: research

Is there any difference between the early age myocardial infarction and late age myocardial infarction in terms of psychiatric morbidity?
We aimed to compare the rates of psychiatric morbidity in patients who had early age and late age MI. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - November 13, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Bilge Burçak Annagür, Ahmet Avci, Kenan Demir, Ömer Faruk Uygur Source Type: research

A consideration of Hoarding Disorder symptoms in China
Hoarding Disorder is rarely examined in populations of non-European and/or non-Euro-American descent, especially in East Asian nations like China. Across two studies, the current investigation set out to examine the psychometric properties of a Chinese version of a widely used measure of hoarding symptoms—the Savings Inventory Revised (SIR)—and to explore the nature of hoarding beliefs compared to a separate US sample.ProceduresFor the first study, 1,828 college students in China completed a Mandarin translation of the SIR and measures of anxiety, depression, and obsessive-compulsive disorder. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - November 13, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kiara R. Timpano, Demet Cek, Zhong-Fang Fu, Tan Tang, Jian-Ping Wang, Gregory S. Chasson Source Type: research

Facial emotion recognition deficits in abstinent cannabis dependent patients
Cannabis is clearly the most popular illicit drug in North America, Europe and in other parts of the world. Evidence is accumulating for the involvement of the endocannabinoid system in emotional processing. However, only few studies examined emotional processing in chronic, heavy cannabis users and these studies were performed in cannabis dependent patients who were abstinent for 12 to 48hours. The aim of this study was to investigate facial emotion identification and discrimination abilities in patients with cannabis dependence who were abstinent for at least 1month. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - November 13, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Adem Bayrakçi, Engin Sert, Nabi Zorlu, Almila Erol, Aybala Sariçiçek, Levent Mete Source Type: research

Why not the best? Social anxiety symptoms and Perfectionism among Israeli Jews and Arabs: A comparative Study
Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) has been repeatedly shown to be very prevalent in the Western society and is characterized by low self-esteem, pessimism, procrastination and also perfectionism. Very few studies on SAD have been done in the Middle East or in Arab countries, and no study tackled the relationship between social anxiety symptoms and perfectionism in non-Western samples. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - November 13, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: I. Iancu, E. Bodner, S. Joubran, I. Ben Zion, E. Ram Source Type: research

Psychosocial predictors of fetoplacental blood flow during pregnancy
Although a number of studies have found significant associations between maternal psychological distress, anxiety and changes in fetoplacental blood flow, findings remain inconsistent. A recent pilot study by our group highlighted some of these inconsistencies. In the current study, we expanded this pilot analysis to include psychological distress, anxiety and a range of antenatal variables, with the aim of identifying predictors of fetoplacental blood flow. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - November 13, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: A. Roos, L. Geerts, N. Koen, S.C. Faure, B. Vythilingum, D.J. Stein Source Type: research

Adult separation anxiety differentiates patients with complicated grief and/or major depression and is related to lifetime mood spectrum symptoms
Increasing literature is focused on complicated grief (CG) and its distinctiveness from other potentially loss related mental disorders such as major depression (MD). In this regard, symptoms of separation distress seem to play a key role. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical features of CG to those of MD and of CG+MD, with particular attention to separation anxiety. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - November 13, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: C. Carmassi, M.K. Shear, C. Gesi, M. Corsi, I. Pergentini, I.M. Cremone, C. Conversano, G. Perugi, L. Dell'Osso Source Type: research

The relationship between parental mediation and Internet addiction among adolescents, and the association with cyberbullying and depression
This study examined the relationships between parental mediation and Internet addiction, and the connections to cyberbullying, substance use, and depression among adolescents. (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - November 13, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Fong-Ching Chang, Fong-Ching Chang, Chiung-Hui Chiu, Nae-Fang Miao, Ping-Hung Chen, Ching-Mei Lee, Jeng-Tung Chiang, Ying-Chun Pan Source Type: research